HOME
The Info List - Yoko Ono





Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
(born February 18, 1933) is a Japanese multimedia artist, singer, songwriter, and peace activist who is also known for her work in performance art and filmmaking.[1] She performs in both English and Japanese. She is known for being the second wife and widow of singer-songwriter John Lennon
John Lennon
of the Beatles. Ono grew up in Tokyo
Tokyo
and also spent several formative years in New York City. She studied at Gakushuin, but withdrew from her course after two years and moved to New York in 1953 to live with her family. She spent some time at Sarah Lawrence College
Sarah Lawrence College
and then became involved in New York City's downtown artists scene, which included the Fluxus group. She first met Lennon in 1966 at her own art exhibition in London, and they became a couple in 1968 and wed the following year. With their performance Bed-Ins for Peace
Peace
in Amsterdam
Amsterdam
and Montreal
Montreal
in 1969, Ono and Lennon famously used their honeymoon at the Hilton Amsterdam
Amsterdam
as a stage for public protests against the Vietnam
Vietnam
War. The feminist themes of her music have influenced musicians as diverse as the B-52s
B-52s
and Meredith Monk. She achieved commercial and critical acclaim in 1980 with the chart-topping album Double Fantasy, a collaboration with Lennon that was released three weeks before his murder.

Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
at a conference, 2007

Public appreciation of Ono's work has shifted over time and was helped by a retrospective at a Whitney Museum
Whitney Museum
branch in 1989 and the 1992 release of the six-disc box set Onobox. Retrospectives of her artwork have also been presented at the Japan Society in New York City
New York City
in 2001, in Bielefeld, Germany, and the UK in 2008, Frankfurt, and Bilbao, Spain, in 2013 and The Museum of Modern Art
The Museum of Modern Art
in New York City in 2015. She received a Golden Lion Award
Golden Lion Award
for lifetime achievement from the Venice Biennale
Venice Biennale
in 2009 and the 2012 Oskar Kokoschka
Oskar Kokoschka
Prize, Austria's highest award for applied contemporary art. As Lennon's widow, Ono works to preserve his legacy. She funded Strawberry Fields in Manhattan's Central Park, the Imagine
Imagine
Peace
Peace
Tower in Iceland, and the John Lennon
John Lennon
Museum in Saitama, Japan (which closed in 2010). She has made significant philanthropic contributions to the arts, peace, Philippine and Japan disaster relief, and other causes. In 2012 Ono received the Dr. Rainer Hildebrandt Human Rights Award. The award is given annually in recognition of extraordinary, nonviolent commitment to human rights. Ono continued her social activism when she inaugurated a biennial $50,000 LennonOno Grant for Peace
Peace
in 2002. She also co-founded the group Artists Against Fracking in 2012. She has a daughter, Kyoko Chan Cox, from her marriage to Anthony Cox and a son, Sean Taro Ono Lennon, from her marriage to Lennon. She collaborates musically with Sean.

Contents

1 Early life and family 2 New York City

2.1 College and downtown beginnings 2.2 Return to Japan, early career, and motherhood

3 John Lennon

3.1 Bed-Ins and other early collaborations 3.2 The Plastic Ono Band 3.3 First solo album and Fly

4 Separation from Lennon and reconciliation

4.1 Lennon's murder, tributes, and memorials

5 Artwork

5.1 Fluxus 5.2 Cut Piece, 1964 5.3 Grapefruit book, 1964 5.4 Experimental films, 1964–72 5.5 Wish Tree, 1981–present 5.6 Arising, 2015 5.7 Skylanding, 2016 5.8 Recognition and retrospectives

6 Musical career

6.1 Early career 6.2 1980s 6.3 1990s 6.4 2000s 6.5 2010s 6.6 Collaborations

7 BMI Foundation's John Lennon
John Lennon
Scholarships 8 Public image 9 2000s 10 2010s 11 Political activism and social media 12 Relationship with the Beatles

12.1 Relationship with Julian Lennon

13 In popular culture 14 Discography

14.1 Albums 14.2 Albums with John Lennon 14.3 Compilations, soundtrack albums and EPs 14.4 Remix
Remix
albums 14.5 Tribute albums 14.6 Singles 14.7 B-side appearances on John Lennon
John Lennon
singles

15 Books and monographs

15.1 Director 15.2 Collaborations 15.3 Actress or as self

16 See also 17 References 18 Sources 19 Further reading 20 External links

Early life and family[edit] Ono was born on February 18, 1933, in Tokyo, Japan, to Isoko Ono (小野 磯子, Ono Isoko) and Eisuke Ono (小野 英輔, Ono Eisuke), a wealthy banker and former classical pianist.[2] Isoko's father was ennobled in 1915.[citation needed][clarification needed] Isoko's maternal grandfather Zenjiro Yasuda
Zenjiro Yasuda
(安田 善次郎, Yasuda Zenjirō) was an affiliate of the Yasuda clan and zaibatsu. Eisuke came from a long line of samurai warrior-scholars.[3] The kanji translation of Yoko (洋子) means "ocean child".[2][4] Two weeks before Ono's birth, Eisuke was transferred to San Francisco by his employer, the Yokohama Specie Bank.[5] The rest of the family followed soon after, with Ono meeting her father when she was two.[6] Her younger brother Keisuke was born in December 1936. Ono was enrolled in piano lessons from the age of 4.[7] In 1937, the family was transferred back to Japan and Ono enrolled at Tokyo's elite Gakushuin
Gakushuin
(also known as the Peers School), one of the most exclusive schools in Japan.[5] The family moved to New York City
New York City
in 1940. The next year, Eisuke was transferred from New York City
New York City
to Hanoi, and the family returned to Japan. Ono was enrolled in Keimei Gakuen, an exclusive Christian primary school run by the Mitsui
Mitsui
family. She remained in Tokyo throughout World War II
World War II
and the great fire-bombing of March 9, 1945, during which she was sheltered with other family members in a special bunker in Tokyo's Azabu
Azabu
district, far from the heavy bombing. Ono later went to the Karuizawa mountain resort with members of her family.[5] Starvation was rampant in the destruction that followed the Tokyo bombings; the Ono family were forced to beg for food while pulling their belongings with them in a wheelchair. Ono said it was during this period in her life that she developed her "aggressive" attitude and understanding of "outsider" status when children—who were once well-to-do—taunted her and her brother. Other stories tell of her mother bringing a large number of goods with them to the countryside, where they were bartered for food. In one anecdote, her mother traded a German-made sewing machine for 60 kilograms (130 lb) of rice to feed the family.[5] During this time, Ono's father, who had been in Hanoi, was believed to be in a prisoner of war camp in China. However, unbeknownst the them, he remained in the city. Ono told Amy Goodman
Amy Goodman
of Democracy Now
Democracy Now
on October 16, 2007, that "He was in French Indochina, which is Vietnam
Vietnam
actually.... in Saigon. He was in a concentration camp."[8] By April 1946, Gakushuin
Gakushuin
was reopened and Ono re-enrolled. The school, located near the Tokyo
Tokyo
Imperial Palace, had not been damaged by the war, and Ono found herself a classmate of Prince Akihito, the future emperor of Japan.[2][3] She graduated in 1951 and was accepted into the philosophy program of Gakushuin University
Gakushuin University
as the first woman to enter the department. However, she left the school after two semesters.[5] New York City[edit] College and downtown beginnings[edit] After the war ended in 1945, Ono's family moved without her to the United States
United States
and settled in Scarsdale, New York, an affluent town 25 miles north of midtown Manhattan. When Ono later rejoined her family, she enrolled at nearby Sarah Lawrence College. While her parents approved of her college choice, Ono said that they disapproved of her lifestyle and chastised her for befriending people they felt were beneath her. In spite of her parents' disapproval, Ono loved meeting artists, poets, and others who represented the bohemian lifestyle to which she aspired. She visited galleries and art happenings in the city; this whetted her desire to publicly display her own artistic endeavors. American avant-garde artist, composer, and musician La Monte Young was her first important contact in the New York art world; he helped Ono start her career by using her Chambers Street loft in Tribeca
Tribeca
as a performance space. After Ono set a painting on fire at one performance, her mentor John Cage
John Cage
advised her to treat the paper with flame retardant.[3] Return to Japan, early career, and motherhood[edit] In 1956, Ono left college to elope with Japanese composer Toshi Ichiyanagi,[3][9] a star in Tokyo's experimental community.[10] After living apart for several years, they filed for divorce in 1962. Ono returned home to live with her parents and was suffering from clinical depression when she was briefly placed into a Japanese mental institution.[2][11] Later that year, on November 28, 1962, Ono married Anthony Cox, an American jazz musician, film producer, and art promoter, who was instrumental in securing her release from the institution.[3] Ono's second marriage was annulled on March 1, 1963, because she had neglected to finalize her divorce from Ichiyanagi. After finalizing that divorce, Cox and Ono married again on June 6, 1963. She gave birth to their daughter Kyoko Chan Cox two months later on August 8, 1963.[2] The marriage quickly fell apart, but the Coxes stayed together for the sake of their joint careers. They performed at Tokyo's Sogetsu
Sogetsu
Hall, with Ono lying atop a piano played by John Cage. Soon, the couple returned to New York with Kyoko. In the early years of the marriage, Ono left most of Kyoko's parenting to Cox while she pursued her art full-time, with Cox also managing her publicity. Ono and Cox divorced on February 2, 1969, and she married John Lennon
John Lennon
later that same year. In the midst of a 1971 custody battle, Cox disappeared with their eight-year-old daughter. He won custody after successfully claiming that Ono was an unfit mother due to her drug use.[11] Ono's ex-husband changed Kyoko's name to "Ruth Holman" and subsequently raised the girl in an organization known as the Church of the Living Word (or "the Walk").[12] Ono and Lennon searched for Kyoko for years, but to no avail. She finally saw Kyoko again many years later in 1998.[11] John Lennon[edit] Fluxus, a loose association of Dada-inspired avant-garde artists that developed in the early 1960s, was active in New York and Europe.[13] Ono visited London
London
to meet artist and political activist Gustav Metzger's Destruction in Art Symposium in September 1966, as the only woman artist chosen to perform her own events and only one of two invited to speak.[14] There are two versions of the story of how Lennon and Ono first met. According to the first account, on November 9, 1966 Lennon went to the Indica Gallery
Indica Gallery
in London, where Ono was preparing her conceptual art exhibit, and they were introduced by gallery owner John Dunbar.[15] Lennon was initially unimpressed with the exhibits he saw, including a pricey bag of nails, but one piece, Ceiling Painting/Yes Painting, had a ladder with a spyglass at the top. When he climbed the ladder, Lennon felt a little foolish, but he looked through the spyglass and saw the word "YES" which he said meant he didn't walk out, as it was positive, whereas most concept art he encountered was "anti" everything.[16]

Lennon and Ono in 1980, shortly before his murder

Lennon was also intrigued by Ono's Hammer a Nail. Viewers hammered a nail into a wooden board, creating the art piece. Although the exhibition had not yet opened, Lennon wanted to hammer a nail into the clean board, but Ono stopped him. Dunbar asked her, "Don't you know who this is? He's a millionaire! He might buy it." Ono supposedly had not heard of the Beatles, but relented on the condition that Lennon pay her five shillings, to which Lennon replied, "I'll give you an imaginary five shillings and hammer an imaginary nail in."[16][17] Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
told a second version of the first meeting of Ono and Lennon. In 1965, Ono was in London
London
and compiling original musical scores for a book entitled Notations; John Cage
John Cage
was working on the book. McCartney declined to give her any of his own manuscripts but suggested that Lennon might oblige. Lennon did, giving Ono the original handwritten lyrics to "The Word."[18] In a 2002 interview, she said, "I was very attracted to him. It was a really strange situation."[19] The two began corresponding and, in September 1967, Lennon sponsored Ono's solo show at Lisson Gallery
Lisson Gallery
in London.[20] When Lennon's wife Cynthia asked for an explanation of why Ono was telephoning them at home, he told her that Ono was only trying to obtain money for her "avant-garde bullshit."[21] In early 1968, while the Beatles
Beatles
were making their famous visit to India, Lennon wrote the song "Julia" and included a reference to Ono: "Ocean child calls me", referring to the translation of Yoko's Japanese spelling.[4] In May 1968, while his wife was on holiday in Greece, Lennon invited Ono to visit. They spent the night recording what would become the Two Virgins
Two Virgins
album,[20] after which, he said, they "made love at dawn".[22] When Lennon's wife returned home, she found Ono wearing her bathrobe and drinking tea with Lennon, who simply said, "Oh, hi."[23] On September 24 and 25, 1968, Lennon wrote and recorded "Happiness Is a Warm Gun",[24] which contains sexual references to Ono. A few weeks after Lennon's divorce from Cynthia was granted, Ono became pregnant, but she suffered the miscarriage of a male child on November 21, 1968.[25][26] Bed-Ins and other early collaborations[edit] Main articles: Bed-In, Give Peace
Peace
a Chance, Bagism, and Unfinished Music No. 1: Two Virgins During the last two years that the Beatles
Beatles
performed, Lennon and Ono created and attended their own public protests against the Vietnam War. On March 20, 1969, they were married at the registry office in Gibraltar
Gibraltar
and spent their honeymoon in Amsterdam, campaigning with a week-long Bed-In
Bed-In
for Peace. They planned another Bed-In
Bed-In
in the US, but were denied entry to the country.[27] They held one instead at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel
Queen Elizabeth Hotel
in Montreal, where they recorded "Give Peace
Peace
a Chance".[28][29] Lennon later stated his regrets about feeling "guilty enough to give McCartney credit as co-writer on my first independent single instead of giving it to Yoko, who had actually written it with me."[30] The famous couple often combined advocacy with performance art, such as in "bagism", first introduced during a Vienna
Vienna
press conference, where they satirised prejudice and stereotyping by wearing a bag over their entire bodies. Lennon detailed this period in the Beatles' song "The Ballad of John and Yoko".[31] Lennon changed his name by deed poll on April 22, 1969, switching out Winston for Ono as a middle name. Although he used the name John Ono Lennon thereafter, official documents referred to him as John Winston Ono Lennon, since he was not permitted to revoke a name given at birth.[32] The couple settled at Tittenhurst Park
Tittenhurst Park
at Sunninghill, Berkshire, in southeast England.[33] When Ono was injured in a car accident, Lennon arranged for a king-sized bed to be brought to the recording studio as he worked on the Beatles' last recorded album, Abbey Road.[34] The two artists collaborated on many albums, beginning in 1968 when Lennon was still a Beatle, with Unfinished Music No.1: Two Virgins, an album of experimental musique concrète. The same year, the couple contributed an experimental piece to The White Album called "Revolution 9". Also on The White Album, Ono contributed backing vocals on "Birthday",[35] and one line of lead vocals on "The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill." The latter marked the only occasion in a Beatles
Beatles
recording in which a woman sings lead vocals.[36] The Plastic Ono Band[edit] Main articles: Plastic Ono Band
Plastic Ono Band
and Live Peace
Peace
in Toronto 1969

Lennon and Ono recording Give Peace
Peace
a Chance, at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel, Montreal, 1969

Ono influenced Lennon to produce more "autobiographical" output and, after "The Ballad of John and Yoko", they decided it would be better to form their own band rather than put the material out under the Beatles
Beatles
name.[37] In 1969, the Plastic Ono Band's first album, Live Peace
Peace
in Toronto 1969, was recorded during the Toronto Rock and Roll Revival festival. This first incarnation of the group also consisted of guitarist Eric Clapton, bass player Klaus Voormann, and drummer Alan White. The first half of their performance consisted of rock standards. During the second half, Ono took to the microphone and performed an avant-garde set along with the band, finishing with music that consisted mainly of feedback, while she screamed and sang.[38][39] First solo album and Fly[edit] Main articles: Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band, John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band, and Fly ( Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
album) Ono released her first solo album, Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band, in 1970 as a companion piece to Lennon's better-known John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band. The two albums also had companion covers: Ono's featured a photo of her leaning on Lennon, and Lennon's a photo of him leaning on Ono. Her album included raw, harsh vocals, which bore a similarity with sounds in nature (especially those made by animals) and free jazz techniques used by wind and brass players. Performers included Ornette Coleman, other renowned free jazz performers, and Ringo Starr. Some songs on the album consisted of wordless vocalizations, in a style that would influence Meredith Monk[40] and other musical artists who have used screams and vocal noise in lieu of words. The album reached No. 182 on the US charts.[41] When Lennon was invited to play with Frank Zappa
Frank Zappa
at the Fillmore (then the Filmore West) on June 5, 1971, Ono joined them.[42] Later that year, she released Fly, a double album. In it, she explored slightly more conventional psychedelic rock with tracks including "Midsummer New York" and "Mind Train", in addition to a number of Fluxus experiments. She also received minor airplay with the ballad "Mrs. Lennon". The track " Don't Worry, Kyoko
Don't Worry, Kyoko
(Mummy's Only Looking for Her Hand in the Snow)" was an ode to Ono's missing daughter,[43] and featured Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
on guitar. In the late 1960s, while studying with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
in Majorca, Spain, Ono's ex-husband Anthony Cox accused Ono of abducting their daughter Kyoko from his hotel. Accusations flew between the two, as well as the matter of custody. Cox eventually moved away with Kyoko; Ono would not see her daughter until 1998.[11] It was during this time that she wrote "Don't Worry Kyoko", which also appears on Lennon and Ono's album Live Peace
Peace
in Toronto 1969, in addition to Fly. Kyoko is also referenced in the first line of "Happy Christmas (War Is Over)" when Yoko whispers "Happy Christmas, Kyoko", followed by Lennon whispering, "Happy Christmas, Julian."[44] The song reached No. 4 in the UK, where its release was delayed until 1972, and has periodically reemerged on the UK Singles Chart. Originally a protest song about the Vietnam
Vietnam
War, "Happy Xmas (War Is Over)" has since become a Christmas standard.[45][46] That August the couple appeared together at a benefit in Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
with Roberta Flack, Stevie Wonder, and Sha Na Na
Sha Na Na
for mentally handicapped children organized by WABC-TV's Geraldo Rivera.[47] In a 2018 issue of Portland Magazine, editor Colin W. Sargent writes of interviewing Yoko while she was visiting Portland, Maine in 2005. She spoke of driving along the coast with Lennon and dreamed of buying a house in Maine. “We talked excitedly in the car. We were looking for a house on the water… We did examine the place! We kept driving north along the water until I don’t really remember the name of the town. We went quite a ways up, actually, because it was so beautiful."[48] Separation from Lennon and reconciliation[edit] After the Beatles
Beatles
disbanded in 1970, Ono and Lennon lived together in London
London
and then moved permanently to Manhattan
Manhattan
in order to escape tabloid racism towards Ono.[49] Their relationship became strained because Lennon was facing the threat of deportation due to drug charges that had been filed against him in England, and also because of Ono's separation from her daughter. The couple separated in July 1973, with Ono pursuing her career and Lennon living between Los Angeles and New York with personal assistant May Pang; Ono had given her blessing to Lennon and Pang.[50][51] By December 1974, Lennon and Pang considered buying a house together, and he refused to accept Ono's phone calls. The next month, Lennon agreed to meet with Ono, who claimed to have found a cure for smoking. After the meeting, he failed to return home or call Pang. When Pang telephoned the next day, Ono told her that Lennon was unavailable, because he was exhausted after a hypnotherapy session. Two days later, Lennon reappeared at a joint dental appointment with Pang; he was stupefied and confused to such an extent that Pang believed he had been brainwashed. He told her that his separation from Ono was now over, though Ono would allow him to continue seeing her as his mistress.[52] Ono and Lennon's son, Sean, was born on October 9, 1975, which was Lennon's 35th birthday. John did not help relations with his first son when he described Julian in 1980 as being part of the "ninety percent of the people on this planet [who resulted from an unplanned pregnancy]" and that "Sean is a planned child, and therein lies the difference." He said, "I don't love Julian any less as a child. He's still my son, whether he came from a bottle of whiskey or because they didn't have pills in those days."[53] John and Julian maintained a low profile for the next five years. Sean has followed in his parents' footsteps with a musical career, performing solo work, working with Ono, and forming a band, the Ghost of a Saber Tooth Tiger.[54] Lennon's murder, tributes, and memorials[edit] Main article: Death of John Lennon Following Sean's birth in 1975, Lennon took a hiatus from the music industry and became a househusband to care for his infant son. He resumed his songwriting career shortly before his December 1980 murder, which Ono witnessed at close range. She stated that the couple was thinking about going out to dinner after spending several hours in a recording studio, but decided to return to their apartment instead, because Lennon wanted to see Sean before he was put to bed.[55] Following the murder, Ono went into complete seclusion for an extended period.[56]

Ono delivering flowers to Lennon's memorial Strawberry Fields in Manhattan
Manhattan
on the 25th anniversary of his death, December 8, 2005.

Ono funded the construction and maintenance of the Strawberry Fields memorial in Manhattan's Central Park, directly across from the Dakota Apartments, which was the scene of the murder and remains Ono's residence to this day. It was officially dedicated on October 9, 1985, which would have been his 45th birthday. In 1990, Ono collaborated with music consultant Jeff Pollack to honor what would have been Lennon's 50th birthday with a worldwide broadcast of Imagine. Over 1,000 stations in over 50 countries participated in the simultaneous broadcast. Ono felt the timing was perfect, considering the escalating conflicts in the Middle East, Eastern Europe, and Germany.[57] In 2000, she founded the John Lennon
John Lennon
Museum in Saitama, Saitama, Japan. In March 2002, she was present with Cherie Blair
Cherie Blair
at the unveiling of a 7-foot statue of Lennon, to mark the renaming of Liverpool
Liverpool
airport to Liverpool
Liverpool
John Lennon
John Lennon
Airport.[19] (Julian and Cynthia Lennon
Cynthia Lennon
were present at the unveiling of the John Lennon
John Lennon
Peace Monument next to ACC Liverpool
Liverpool
in the same city eight years later.)[58] On October 9, 2007, she dedicated a new memorial called the Imagine
Imagine
Peace
Peace
Tower, located on the island of Viðey, 1 km outside the Skarfabakki harbour in Reykjavík, Iceland. Each year, between October 9 and December 8, it projects a vertical beam of light high into the sky. In 2009, Ono created an exhibit called "John Lennon: The New York City
New York City
Years" for the NYC Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Annex. The exhibit used music, photographs, and personal items to depict Lennon's life in New York, and a portion of the cost of each ticket was donated to Spirit Foundation, a charitable foundation set up by Lennon and Ono.[59] Every time Lennon's assassin Mark David Chapman
Mark David Chapman
has a parole hearing – which is mandated by law every two years – Ono has come out strongly against his release from prison. She is the widow of the victim, and her opinion has a strong influence on the parole board's decision to keep Chapman behind bars. Artwork[edit] Fluxus[edit] Ono is often associated with the Fluxus
Fluxus
group, which was founded by George Maciunas, who was her friend during the 1960s. Maciunas admired and enthusiastically promoted her work and gave Ono her U.S. show at his AG Gallery in 1961. He formally invited her to join the Fluxus group, but she declined because she wanted to remain independent.[60] She did, however, collaborate with him,[61] Charlotte Moorman, George Brecht, and the poet Jackson Mac Low, among others associated with the group.[62] John Cage
John Cage
and Marcel Duchamp
Marcel Duchamp
were significant influences on Ono's art.[63][64][65] She learned of Cage at Sarah Lawrence[66] and met him through his student Ichiyanagi Toshi in Cage's legendary experimental composition class at the New School for Social Research:[67] She was thus introduced to more of Cage's unconventional neo-Dadaism first hand and his New York City
New York City
protégés Allan Kaprow, Brecht, Mac Low, Al Hansen
Al Hansen
and the poet Dick Higgins.[62] After Cage finished teaching at the New School in the summer of 1960, Ono was determined to rent a place to present her works along with the work of other avant-garde artists in the city. She eventually found an inexpensive loft in downtown Manhattan
Manhattan
at 112 Chambers Street and used the apartment as a studio and living space. Ono supported herself through secretarial work and lessons in the traditional Japanese arts at the Japan Society, and she allowed composer La Monte Young to organize concerts in the loft.[62] They both began organizing a series of events there from December 1960 through June 1961;[66] the events were attended by people such as Marcel Duchamp
Marcel Duchamp
and Peggy Guggenheim.[68] Ono and Young both claimed to have been the primary curator of these events,[69] with Ono claiming to have been eventually pushed into a subsidiary role by Young.[67] The Chambers Street series hosted some of Ono's earliest conceptual artwork, including Painting to Be Stepped On, which was a scrap of canvas on the floor that became a completed artwork upon the accrual of footprints. With that work, Ono suggested that a work of art no longer needed to be mounted on a wall and inaccessible. She showed this work and other instructional work again at Macunias's AG Gallery in July 1961.[68] Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
is credited for the album cover art for Nirvana Symphony by Toshiro Mayuzumi
Toshiro Mayuzumi
(Time Records, 1962). Cut Piece, 1964[edit] Ono was a pioneer of conceptual art and performance art. A seminal performance work is Cut Piece, first performed in 1964 at the Sogetsu Art Center in Tokyo. The piece consisted of Ono, dressed in her best suit, kneeling on a stage with a pair of scissors in front of her. She invited and then instructed audience members to join her on stage and cut pieces of her clothing off. Confronting issues of gender, class and cultural identity, Ono sat silently until the piece concluded at her discretion.[70] The piece was subsequently performed at New York's Carnegie Hall
Carnegie Hall
in 1965 and London's Africa Center in 1966. Of the piece, John Hendricks in the catalogue to Ono's Japan Society retrospective wrote: "[Cut Piece] unveils the interpersonal alienation that characterizes social relationships between subjects, dismantling the disinterested Kantian aesthetic model..... It demonstrates the reciprocity between artists, objects, and viewers and the responsibility beholders have to the reception and preservation of art."[70] Other performers of the piece have included Charlotte Moorman and John Hendricks.[70] Ono reprised the piece in Paris
Paris
in 2003, in the low post-9/11 period between the US and France, saying she hoped to show that this is "a time where we need to trust each other."[3] In 2013, the Canadian singer, Peaches reprised it at the multi-day Meltdown festival at the Southbank Centre
Southbank Centre
in London, which Ono curated.[71] Grapefruit book, 1964[edit] Main article: Grapefruit (book) Ono's small book titled Grapefruit is another seminal piece of conceptual art. First published in 1964, the book reads as a set of instructions through which the work of art is completed-either literally or in the imagination of the viewer participant. One example is "Hide and Seek Piece: Hide until everybody goes home. Hide until everybody forgets about you. Hide until everybody dies." Grapefruit has been published several times, most widely distributed by Simon & Schuster in 1971, who reprinted it again in 2000. David Bourdon, art critic for The Village Voice
The Village Voice
and Vogue, called Grapefruit "one of the monuments of conceptual art of the early 1960's." He noted that her conceptual approach was made more acceptable when white male artists like Joseph Kosuth
Joseph Kosuth
and Lawrence Weiner
Lawrence Weiner
came in and "did virtually the same things" she did, and that her take also has a poetic and lyrical side that sets it apart from the work of other conceptual artists.[72] Ono would enact many of the book's scenarios as performance pieces throughout her career, which formed the basis for her art exhibitions, including the highly publicized retrospective exhibition, This Is Not Here in 1971 at the Everson Museum
Everson Museum
in Syracuse, New York,[73] that was nearly closed when it was besieged by excited Beatles
Beatles
fans, who broke several of the art pieces and flooded the toilets.[74] It was her last major exhibition until 1989's Yoko Ono: Objects, Films retrospective at the Whitney.[72] Nearly fifty years later in July 2013, she released a sequel to Grapefruit, another book of instructions, Acorn via OR Books.[75] Experimental films, 1964–72[edit] Ono was also an experimental filmmaker who made 16 short films between 1964 and 1972, gaining particular renown for a 1966 Fluxus
Fluxus
film called simply No. 4, often referred to as Bottoms.[76][77] The five-and-a-half-minute film consists of a series of close-ups of human buttocks walking on a treadmill. The screen is divided into four almost equal sections by the elements of the gluteal cleft and the horizontal gluteal crease. The soundtrack consists of interviews with those who are being filmed, as well as those considering joining the project. In 1996, the watch manufacturing company Swatch
Swatch
produced a limited edition watch that commemorated this film.[78] In March 2004, the ICA London, showed most of her films from this period in their exhibition The Rare Films of Yoko Ono.[77] She also acted in an obscure exploitation film in 1965, Satan's Bed.[76]

Contributions to Yoko Ono's Wish Tree at MoMA, New York City

Wish Tree, 1981–present[edit] Main article: Wish Tree ( Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
art series) Another example of Ono's participatory art was her Wish Tree project, in which a tree native to the installation site is installed. Her 1996 Wish Piece had the following instructions:

Make a wish Write it down on a piece of paper Fold it and tie it around a branch of a Wish Tree Ask your friends to do the same Keep wishing Until the branches are covered with wishes.[79]

Her Wish Tree installation in the Sculpture Garden
Sculpture Garden
of the Museum of Modern Art, New York, established in July 2010, has attracted contributions from all over the world. Other installation locations include London;[80] St. Louis;[81] Washington, DC; San Francisco; the Stanford University
Stanford University
campus in Palo Alto, California;[3] Japan;[82] Venice;[83] and Dublin.[84] In 2014 Ono's Imagine
Imagine
Peace
Peace
exhibit opened at the Bob Rauschenburg Gallery at Florida SouthWestern State College
Florida SouthWestern State College
in Fort Myers, FL. Ono installed a billboard on U.S. Route 41
U.S. Route 41
in Fort Myers to promote the show and peace.[85]

Imagine
Imagine
Peace
Peace
Billboard Fort Myers, FL
Fort Myers, FL
Photo by Dawn Iraci

When the exhibit closed, wishes that had been placed on the installed Wish Trees were sent to the Imagine Peace Tower
Imagine Peace Tower
in Iceland
Iceland
and added to the millions of wishes already there.[86] Arising, 2015[edit] In 2015, Ono created the piece Arising in Venice. As part of the exhibition Personal Structures, organised by Global Art Affairs, the installation was on view from June 1 through November 24, 2013, at the European Cultural Centre's Palazzo Bembo.[87] In this feminist work of art, female silicon bodies were burnt in the Venetian lagoon, evoking the imagery of mythical phoenixes. When asked for the resemblance between the naming of her record Rising and this piece, Ono responded: "Rising was telling all people that it is time for us to rise and fight for our rights. But in the process of fighting together, women are still being treated separately in an inhuman way. It weakens the power of men and women all together. I hope Arising will wake up Women Power, and make us, men and women, heal together."[88] Skylanding, 2016[edit] In October 2016, Ono unveiled her first permanent art installation in the United States; the collection is located in Jackson Park, Chicago and promotes peace.[89] Ono was inspired during a visit to the Garden of the Phoenix in 2013 and feels a connection to the city of Chicago.[90] Recognition and retrospectives[edit]

War Is Over! (if you want it). Sydney, Museum of Contemporary Art Australia. 2013

John Lennon
John Lennon
once described his wife as "the world's most famous unknown artist: everybody knows her name, but nobody knows what she does."[91] Her circle of friends in the New York art world has included Kate Millett, Nam June Paik,[92] Dan Richter, Jonas Mekas,[93] Merce Cunningham,[94] Judith Malina,[95] Erica Abeel, Fred DeAsis, Peggy Guggenheim,[96] Betty Rollin, Shusaku Arakawa, Adrian Morris, Stefan Wolpe,[94] Keith Haring, and Andy Warhol[95] (she was one of the speakers at Warhol's 1987 funeral), as well as George Maciunas and La Monte Young. In addition to Mekas, Maciunas, Young, and Warhol, she has also collaborated with DeAsis, Yvonne Rainer,[97] and Zbigniew Rybczyński. In 1989, the Whitney Museum
Whitney Museum
held a retrospective of her work, Yoko Ono: Objects, Films, marking Ono's reentry into the New York art world after a hiatus. At the suggestion of Ono's live-in companion at the time, interior decorator Sam Havadtoy, she recast her old pieces in bronze after some initial reluctance. "I realized that for something to move me so much that I would cry, there's something there. There seemed like a shimmering air in the 60s when I made these pieces, and now the air is bronzified. Now it's the 80s, and bronze is very 80s in a way - solidity, commodity, all of that. For someone who went through the 60s revolution, there has of course been an incredible change. . . . I call the pieces petrified bronze. That freedom, all the hope and wishes are in some ways petrified."[72] Over a decade later, in 2001, Y E S YOKO ONO, a 40-year retrospective of Ono's work, received the International Association of Art Critics USA Award for Best Museum Show Originating in New York City, considered one of the highest accolades in the museum profession. YES refers to the title of a 1966 sculptural work by Yoko Ono, shown at Indica Gallery, London: viewers climb a ladder to read the word "yes", printed on a small canvas suspended from the ceiling.[98] The exhibition's curator Alexandra Munroe wrote that " John Lennon
John Lennon
got it, on his first meeting with Yoko: when he climbed the ladder to peer at the framed paper on the ceiling, he encountered the tiny word YES. 'So it was positive. I felt relieved.'”[99] The exhibition traveled to 13 museums in the U.S., Canada, Japan, and Korea from 2000 through 2003.[100] In 2001, she also received an honorary Doctorate of Laws from Liverpool
Liverpool
University and, in 2002, was presented with the honorary degree of Doctor of Fine Arts from Bard College,[101] as well as the Skowhegan Medal for work in assorted media.[102] The next year, she was awarded the fifth MOCA Award to Distinguished Women in the Arts from the Museum of Contemporary Art Los Angeles.[103] In 2005, she received a lifetime achievement award from the Japan Society of New York, which had hosted Yes Yoko Ono[104] and where she had worked in the late 1950s and early 1960s. In 2008, she showed a large retrospective exhibition, Between The Sky and My Head, at the Kunsthalle Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany, and the Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art
Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art
in Gateshead, England. The following year, she showed a selection of new and old work as part of her show "Anton's Memory" in Venice, Italy.[105] She also received a Golden Lion Award
Golden Lion Award
for lifetime achievement from the Venice Biennale
Venice Biennale
in 2009.[106] In 2012, Ono held a major exhibition of her work To The Light at the Serpentine Galleries, London.[107] She was also the winner of the 2012 Oskar Kokoschka
Oskar Kokoschka
Prize, Austria's highest award for applied contemporary art.[108] In February 2013, to coincide with her 80th birthday, the largest retrospective of her work, Half-a-Wind Show, opened at the Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt[1][109] and travelled to Denmark's Louisiana Museum of Modern Art,[81] Austria's Kunsthalle Krems, and Spain's Guggenheim Museum Bilbao.[109][110] In 2014 she contributed several artworks to the triennial art festival in Folkestone, England. In 2015 the Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
in New York City held a retrospective exhibition of her early work, "Yoko Ono: One Woman Show, 1960- 1971".[111] Musical career[edit] Early career[edit] Ono studied piano from the age of 4 to 12 or 13. She attended kabuki performances with her mother, who was trained in shamisen, koto, otsuzumi, kotsuzumi, nagauta, and could read Japanese musical scores. At 14 Yoko took up vocal training in lieder-singing. At Sarah Lawrence, she studied poetry with Alastair Reid, English literature with Kathryn Mansell, and music composition with the Viennese-trained André Singer.[7] Of this time Ono has said that her heroes were the twelve-tone composers Arnold Schoenberg
Arnold Schoenberg
and Alban Berg. She said, "I was just fascinated with what they could do. I wrote some twelve-tone songs, then my music went into [an] area that my teacher felt was really a bit off track, and..... he said, 'Well, look, there are people who are doing things like what you do and they're called avant-garde.'" Singer
Singer
introduced her to the work of Edgar Varèse, John Cage, and Henry Cowell. She left college and moved to New York in 1957, supporting herself through secretarial work and lessons in the traditional Japanese arts at the Japan Society.[66] She met Cage through Ichiyanagi Toshi in Cage's legendary composition class at the New School for Social Research,[67] and in the summer of 1960, she found a cheap loft in downtown Manhattan
Manhattan
at 112 Chambers Street and allowed composer La Monte Young to organize concerts in the loft with her,[62] with people like Marcel Duchamp
Marcel Duchamp
and Peggy Guggenheim attending.[68] Ono only presented work once during the series.[66] In 1961, years before meeting Lennon, Ono had her first major public performance in a concert at the 258-seat Carnegie Recital Hall (smaller than the "Main Hall"). This concert featured radical experimental music and performances. She had a second engagement at the Carnegie Recital Hall in 1965, in which she debuted Cut Piece.[112] She premiered The Fog Machine during her Concert of Music for the Mind at the Bluecoat Society of Arts in Liverpool, England in 1967.[113] 1980s[edit] In early 1980, John Lennon
John Lennon
heard Lene Lovich
Lene Lovich
and the B-52's' "Rock Lobster" while on vacation in Bermuda. The latter reminded him of Ono's musical sound and he took this as an indication that she had reached the mainstream[114] (the band in fact had been influenced by Ono).[115] In addition to her collaborations with experimental artists including John Cage
John Cage
and jazz legend Ornette Coleman, many other musicians, particularly those of the new wave movement, have paid tribute to Ono (both as an artist in her own right, and as a muse and iconic figure). For example, Elvis Costello
Elvis Costello
recorded a version of Ono's song "Walking on Thin Ice",[116] the B-52's (who drew from her early recordings)[6] covered " Don't Worry, Kyoko
Don't Worry, Kyoko
(Mummy's Only Looking for Her Hand in the Snow)" (shortening the title to "Don't Worry"), and Sonic Youth
Sonic Youth
included a performance of Ono's early conceptual "Voice Piece for Soprano" on their experimental album SYR4: Goodbye 20th Century.[117] On the evening of December 8, 1980, Lennon and Ono were in the Record Plant Studio and working on Ono's song "Walking on Thin Ice". When they returned to The Dakota
The Dakota
(their home in Manhattan), Lennon was shot dead by Mark David Chapman, a deranged fan who had been stalking Lennon for two months. " Walking on Thin Ice
Walking on Thin Ice
(For John)" was released as a single less than a month later, and became Ono's first chart success, peaking at No. 58 and gaining major underground airplay. In 1981, she released the album Season of Glass, which featured the striking cover photo of Lennon's bloody spectacles next to a half-filled glass of water, with a window overlooking Central Park
Central Park
in the background. This photograph sold at an auction in London
London
in April 2002 for about $13,000. In the liner notes to Season of Glass, Ono explained that the album was not dedicated to Lennon because "he would have been offended—he was one of us." The album received highly favorable reviews[6] and reflected the public's mood after Lennon's assassination.[118][119] In 1982, she released It's Alright. The cover featured Ono in her famous wrap-around sunglasses, looking towards the sun, while on the back the ghost of Lennon looks over her and their son. The album scored minor chart success[120] and airplay with the single "Never Say Goodbye".[121] In 1984, a tribute album titled Every Man Has a Woman
Every Man Has a Woman
was released, featuring a selection of Ono songs performed by artists such as Elvis Costello, Roberta Flack, Eddie Money, Rosanne Cash, and Harry Nilsson.[122] It was one of Lennon's projects that he never got to finish. Later that year, Ono and Lennon's final album, Milk and Honey, was released as an unfinished demo.[123] It peaked at No. 3 in the UK and No. 11 in the U.S.,[124] going gold in both countries as well as in Canada.[125][126][127] Ono's final album of the 1980s was Starpeace, a concept album that she intended as an antidote to Ronald Reagan's "Star Wars" missile defense system. On the cover, a warm, smiling Ono holds the Earth in the palm of her hand. Starpeace
Starpeace
became Ono's most successful non-Lennon effort. The single "Hell in Paradise" was a hit, reaching No. 16 on the US dance charts and No. 26 on the Billboard Hot 100, and the video, directed by Zbigniew Rybczyński
Zbigniew Rybczyński
received major airplay on MTV and won "Most Innovative Video" at Billboard Music Video Awards in 1986.[128] In 1986, Ono set out on a goodwill world tour for Starpeace, primarily visiting Eastern European countries.[20] 1990s[edit] Ono went on a musical hiatus until signing with Rykodisc
Rykodisc
in 1992 to release the comprehensive six-disc box set Onobox.[20] It included remastered highlights from all of Ono's solo albums, as well as unreleased material from the 1974 "lost weekend" sessions.[129] She also released a one-disc sampler of highlights from Onobox, simply titled Walking on Thin Ice.[130] That year, she sat down for an extensive interview with music journalist Mark Kemp for a cover story in the alternative music magazine Option. The story took a revisionist look at Ono's music for a new generation of fans more accepting of her role as a pioneer in the merger of pop and the avant-garde.[131] In 1994, Ono produced her own off-Broadway musical entitled New York Rock, featuring Broadway renditions of her songs.[132] In 1995, she released Rising, a collaboration with her son Sean and his then-band, Ima. Rising spawned a world tour that traveled through Europe, Japan, and the United States. The following year, she collaborated with various alternative rock musicians for an EP entitled Rising Mixes.[133] Guest remixers of Rising material included Cibo Matto, Ween, Tricky, and Thurston Moore.[134] In 1997, Rykodisc
Rykodisc
reissued all her solo albums on CD, from Yoko Ono/ Plastic Ono Band
Plastic Ono Band
through Starpeace.[20] Ono and her engineer Rob Stevens personally remastered the audio, and various bonus tracks were added, including outtakes, demos, and live cuts.[135][136][137] 2000s[edit] Ono's feminist concept album Blueprint for a Sunrise
Blueprint for a Sunrise
was released in the year 2001.[138] In 2002, Ono joined The B-52's
The B-52's
in New York for their 25th anniversary concerts; she came out for the encore and performed "Rock Lobster" with the band.[115] Starting the next year, some DJs remixed other Ono songs for dance clubs. For the remix project, she dropped her first name and became known simply as "ONO", in response to the "Oh, no!" jokes that dogged her throughout her career. Ono had great success with new versions of "Walking on Thin Ice", remixed by top DJs and dance artists including Pet Shop Boys,[139] Orange Factory,[140] Peter Rauhofer, and Danny Tenaglia.[141] In April 2003, Ono's Walking on Thin Ice
Walking on Thin Ice
(Remixes) was rated number 1 on Billboard's Dance/Club Play chart, gaining Ono her first no. 1 hit. She returned to no. 1 on the same chart in November 2004 with "Everyman ... Everywoman ...", a reworking of her song " Every Man Has a Woman
Every Man Has a Woman
Who Loves Him", in January 2008, with "No No No", and in August 2008, with "Give Peace
Peace
a Chance". In June 2009, at the age of 76, Ono scored her fifth no. 1 hit on the Dance/Club Play chart with "I'm Not Getting Enough".[6] Ono released the album Yes, I'm a Witch
Yes, I'm a Witch
in 2007, a collection of remixes and covers from her back catalog by various artists including The Flaming Lips, Cat Power, Anohni, DJ Spooky, Porcupine Tree, and Peaches, released in February 2007, along with a special edition of Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band.[142] Yes I'm a Witch has been critically well received.[143] A similar compilation of Ono dance remixes entitled Open Your Box
Open Your Box
was also released in April of that year.[144] In 2009, Ono recorded Between My Head and the Sky, which was her first album to be released as "Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band" since 1973's Feeling the Space. The all-new Plastic Ono Band
Plastic Ono Band
lineup included Sean Lennon, Cornelius, and Yuka Honda.[145][146] On February 16, 2010, Sean organized a concert at the Brooklyn Academy of Music
Brooklyn Academy of Music
called "We Are Plastic Ono Band", at which Yoko performed her music with Sean, Clapton, Klaus Voormann, and Jim Keltner for the first time since the 1970s. Guests including Bette Midler, Paul Simon
Paul Simon
and his son Harper, and principal members of Sonic Youth
Sonic Youth
and the Scissor Sisters interpreted her songs in their own styles.[147] 2010s[edit] In April 2010, RCRD LBL
RCRD LBL
made available free downloads of Junior Boys' mix of "I'm Not Getting Enough", a single originally released 10 years prior on Blueprint for a Sunrise.[148] That song and "Wouldnit (I'm a Star)", released September 14,[149] made it to Billboard's end of the year list of favorite Dance/Club songs at No. 23 and No. 50 respectively.[150][151] The next year, "Move on Fast" became her sixth consecutive number-one hit on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs
Dance Club Songs
chart and her eighth number-one hit overall.[152] In January 2012, a Ralphi Rosario mix of her 1995 song "Talking to the Universe" became her seventh consecutive No. 1 hit on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs chart, and both songs charted again as favorites on Billboard's year-end lists for Dance/Club songs for 2011.[153] In 2013, She and her band released the LP Take Me to the Land of Hell, which featured numerous guests including Yuka Honda, Cornelius, Hirotaka "Shimmy" Shimizu, mi-gu's Yuko Araki, Wilco's Nels Cline, tUnE-yArDs, Questlove, Lenny Kravitz, and Ad-Rock
Ad-Rock
and Mike D
Mike D
of the Beastie Boys. Her online video for "Bad Dancer" released in November 2013, which featured some of these guests, was well-liked by the press.[154][155] By the end of the year she had become one of three artists with two songs in the Top 20 Dance/Club and had two consecutive number 1 hits on Billboard's Hot Dance Club Play Charts. On the strength of the singles "Hold Me" (Featuring Dave Audé) and "Walking on Thin Ice", the then-80-year-old beat Katy Perry, Robin Thicke, and her friend Lady Gaga.[139] In 2014, "Angel" was Ono's twelfth number one on the US Dance chart.[156] In December 2016, Billboard magazine
Billboard magazine
named her the 11th most successful dance club artist of all time.[157] Collaborations[edit] During her career, Ono also has collaborated with Earl Slick, David Tudor, Fred DeAsis, and Richard Maxfield. As a dance music artist, Ono has worked with re-mixers/producers including Basement Jaxx,[91] Bill Kates, Keiji Haino,[158] Nick Vernier Band, Billy Martin, DJ Spooky,[159] Apples in Stereo,[20] Damien Price, DJ Chernobyl, Bimbo Jones,[160] DJ Dan,[161] Craig Armstrong,[162] Jorge Artajo, Shuji Nabara, and Konrad Behr.[163] In 2012, the album Yokokimthurston was released featuring a collaboration with Sonic Youth's Thurston Moore
Thurston Moore
and Kim Gordon. Notable also as the first collaboration between Moore and Gordon after their divorce, it was characterized by AllMusic
AllMusic
as "focused and risk-taking" and "above the best" of the couple's experimental music, with Ono's voice described as "one-of-a-kind."[164] BMI Foundation's John Lennon
John Lennon
Scholarships[edit]

Universal Music Group's Svoy
Svoy
& Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
at BMI, NYC, in 2004.

In 1997, Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
and the BMI Foundation established an annual music competition program for songwriters of contemporary musical genres to honor John Lennon's memory and his large creative legacy.[165] Over $350,000 has been given through BMI Foundation's John Lennon Scholarships to talented young musicians in the United States, making it one of the most respected awards for emerging songwriters. Public image[edit] For many years, Ono was frequently criticized by both the press and the public. She was blamed for the breakup of the Beatles[166][84][167] and repeatedly criticized for her influence over Lennon and his music.[2] Her experimental art was also not popularly accepted.[6] The English press was particularly negative and prompted the couple's move to the US.[49] As late as December 1999, NME
NME
was calling her a "no-talent charlatan".[117] Her name still connotes the figure of the evil female interloper to the mainstream. Courtney Love, Kurt Cobain's widow, has endlessly been compared to Ono for her supposed bothersome role in Nirvana's businesses and being blamed for Cobain's suicide.[168] When American singer Jessica Simpson
Jessica Simpson
was dating Dallas Cowboys quarterback Tony Romo
Tony Romo
in 2007, the Simpson-Romo relationship was blamed for Romo's poor performances. In response, some Cowboys' fans gave her the moniker "Yoko Romo".[169] In March 2015, Perrie Edwards, member of English girl group Little Mix, was compared to Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
and criticised for being the supposed reason for Zayn Malik's departure from the British boy band One Direction, creating tension within the group and causing widespread controversy.[170] 2000s[edit] A month after the 9/11 attacks, Ono organized the concert "Come Together: A Night for John Lennon's Words and Music" at Radio City Music Hall. Hosted by the actor Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
and featuring Lou Reed, Cyndi Lauper
Cyndi Lauper
and Nelly Furtado, it raised money for September 11 relief efforts[19] and aired on TNT and the WB.[171] During the Liverpool
Liverpool
Biennial in 2004, Ono flooded the city with two images on banners, bags, stickers, postcards, flyers, posters and badges: one of a woman's naked breast, the other of the same model's vulva. (During her stay in Lennon's city of birth, she said she was "astounded" by the city's renaissance.)[172] The piece, titled My Mummy Was Beautiful, was dedicated to Lennon's mother, Julia, who had died when he was a teenager.[173] According to Ono, the work was meant to be innocent, not shocking; she was attempting to replicate the experience of a baby looking up at its mother's body, those parts of the mother's body being a child's introduction to humanity.[174]

The Dakota, Ono's residence since 1973

Ono performed at the opening ceremony for the 2006 Winter Olympic Games in Turin, Italy,[175] Like many of the other performers during the ceremony, she wore white to symbolize the snow of winter. She read a free verse poem calling for world peace[176] as an introduction to Peter Gabriel's performance of "Imagine".[177][178] On December 13, 2006, one of Ono's bodyguards was arrested after he was allegedly taped trying to extort $2 million from her. The tapes revealed that he threatened to release private conversations and photographs.[179] His bail was revoked, and he pleaded not guilty to two counts of attempted grand larceny.[180] In February 16, 2007 a deal was reached where extortion charges were dropped, and he pleaded guilty to attempted grand larceny in the third degree, a felony, and was sentenced to the 60 days that he had already spent in jail. After reading an unapologetic statement, he was released to immigration officials because he had also been found guilty of overstaying his business visa.[181] On June 26, 2007, Ono appeared on Larry King Live
Larry King Live
along with McCartney, Ringo Starr, and Olivia Harrison.[182] She headlined the Pitchfork Music Festival
Pitchfork Music Festival
in Chicago
Chicago
on July 14, 2007, performing a full set that mixed music and performance art. She sang "Mulberry," a song about her time in the countryside after the Japanese collapse in World War II
World War II
for only the third time ever, with Thurston Moore: She had previously performed the song with John and with Sean. On October 9 of that year, the Imagine Peace Tower
Imagine Peace Tower
on Viðey
Viðey
Island in Iceland, dedicated to peace and to Lennon, was turned on with her, Sean, Ringo, George Harrison's widow Olivia in attendance.[183] Ono returned to Liverpool
Liverpool
for the 2008 Liverpool
Liverpool
Biennial, where she unveiled Sky Ladders in the ruins of Church of St Luke (which was largely destroyed during World War II
World War II
and now stands roofless as a memorial to those killed in the Liverpool
Liverpool
Blitz).[184] Two years later, on March 31, 2009, she went to the inauguration of the exhibition "Imagine: The Peace
Peace
Ballad of John & Yoko" to mark the 40th anniversary of the Lennon-Ono Bed-In
Bed-In
at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel in Montreal, Canada, from May 26 to June 2, 1969. (The hotel has been doing steady business with the room they stayed in for over 40 years.)[185] That year she became a grandmother, when Emi was born to Kyoko.[186] In May 2009, she designed a T-shirt for the second Fashion Against AIDS campaign and collection of HIV/AIDS awareness, NGO Designers Against AIDS, and H&M, with the statement " Imagine
Imagine
Peace" depicted in 21 languages.[187] Ono appeared onstage at Microsoft's June 1, 2009, E3 Expo
E3 Expo
press conference with Olivia Harrison, Paul McCartney, and Ringo Starr
Ringo Starr
to promote the Beatles: Rock Band video game,[188] which was universally praised by critics.[189][190] Ono appeared on the Basement Jaxx
Basement Jaxx
album Scars, featuring on the single "Day of the Sunflowers (We March On)".[191] 2010s[edit]

Ono appears at the 70th Annual Peabody Awards, spring of 2011

On February 16, 2010, Ono revived an early Plastic Ono Band
Plastic Ono Band
lineup with Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
and special guests that included Paul Simon
Paul Simon
and Bette Midler.[192] On April 1 of that year, she was named the first "Global Autism Ambassador" by the Autism Speaks
Autism Speaks
organization. She had created an artwork the year before for autism awareness and allowed it to be auctioned off in 67 parts to benefit the organization.[193] Ono appeared with Ringo Starr
Ringo Starr
on July 7 at New York's Radio City Music Hall in celebration of Starr's 70th birthday, performing With a Little Help from My Friends and "Give Peace
Peace
a Chance".[194] On September 16, she and Sean attended the opening of Julian Lennon's photo exhibition at the Morrison Hotel in New York City,[195] appearing for the first time photos with Cynthia and Julian.[53] She also promoted his work on her website.[196] On October 2, Ono and the Plastic Ono Band
Plastic Ono Band
performed at the Orpheum Theatre in Los Angeles, with special guest Lady Gaga, whom she deeply admires.[197] On February 18, 2011, her 78th birthday, Ono took out a full page advert in the UK free newspaper Metro for " Imagine
Imagine
Peace
Peace
2011". It took the form of an open letter, inviting people to think of, and wish for, peace.[198] With son Sean, she held a benefit concert to aid in the relief efforts for earthquake and tsunami-ravaged Japan on March 27 in New York City.[199] The effort raised a total of $33,000.[199] In July 2011, she visited Japan to support earthquake and tsunami victims and tourism to the country. During her visit, Ono gave a lecture and performance entitled "The Road of Hope" at Tokyo's Mori Art Museum, during which she painted a large calligraphy piece entitled "Dream" to help raise funds for construction of the Rainbow House, an institution for the orphans of the Great East Japan earthquake.[200] She also collected the 8th Hiroshima Art Prize for her contributions to art and for peace, that she was awarded the year prior.[201] In January 2012, a Ralphi Rosario mix of her 1995 song Talking to the Universe became her seventh consecutive No. 1 hit on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs
Dance Club Songs
chart. In March of the same year, she was awarded the 20,000-euro ($26,400) Oskar Kokoschka
Oskar Kokoschka
Prize in Austria.[202] From June 19 to September 9, her work To the Light was exhibited at the Serpentine Gallery
Serpentine Gallery
in London.[203] It was held in conjunction with the London
London
2012 Festival, a 12-week UK-wide celebration featuring internationally renowned artists from Midsummer's Day
Midsummer's Day
(June 21) to the final day of the Paralympic Games on September 9.[204] On June 29, 2012, Ono received a lifetime achievement award at the Dublin Biennial. During this (her second) trip to Ireland (the first was with John before they married), she visited the crypt of Irish leader Daniel O'Connell
Daniel O'Connell
at Glasnevin Cemetery
Glasnevin Cemetery
and Dún Laoghaire, from where Irish departed for England to escape the famine.[84] In February 2013, Ono accepted the Rainer Hildebrandt Medal at Berlin's Checkpoint Charlie Museum, awarded to her and Lennon for their lifetime of work for peace and human rights.[205] The next month, she tweeted an anti-gun message with the Season of Glass image of Lennon's bloodied glasses on what would have been her and Lennon's 44th anniversary, noting that more than 1 million people have been killed by guns since Lennon's death in 1980.[206] She was also given a Congressional citation from the Philippines
Philippines
for her monetary aid to the victims of typhoon Pablo.[207] She also donated to disaster relief efforts after typhoon Ondoy in 2009, and she assists Filipino schoolchildren.[208] In June 2013, she curated the Meltdown festival in London, where she played two concerts, one with the Plastic Ono Band,[209] and the second on backing vocals during Siouxsie Sioux's rendition of "Walking on Thin Ice" at the Double Fantasy
Double Fantasy
show.[210] In July, OR Books published Ono's sequel to 1964's Grapefruit, another book of instruction-based 'action poems' this time entitled, Acorn. In 2009 she became an honorary patron to Alder Hey Charity.[211] On February 26, 2016, Ono was hospitalized after suffering what was rumored to be a possible stroke. It was later announced that she was experiencing extreme symptoms of influenza.[212] On September 6, 2016, Secretly Canadian
Secretly Canadian
announced that they would be re-issuing 11 of Yoko Ono's albums from 1968 to 1985; Unfinished Music No. 1: Two Virgins
Two Virgins
through Starpeace.[213][214] Political activism and social media[edit] Main articles: Bed-In, Give Peace
Peace
a Chance, and Bagism Ono has been an activist for peace and human rights since the 1960s. After their wedding, she and Lennon held a " Bed-In
Bed-In
for Peace" in their honeymoon suite at the Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Hilton Hotel
Hilton Hotel
in March 1969,[20] where the pair of newlyweds in pajamas invited visitors and members of the press, eager to talk about and promote world peace. Another Bed-In
Bed-In
two months later at the Queen Elizabeth Fairmont in Montreal
Montreal
resulted in the recording of their first single, "Give Peace
Peace
A Chance",[28] a top-20 hit for the newly christened Plastic Ono Band.[215] Other performance/demonstrations with John included "bagism," iterations with John of the Bag Pieces she introduced in the early 1960s,[216] which encouraged a disregard for physical appearance in judging others.[2] In December 1969, the two continued spread their message of peace with billboards in 12 major world cities reading "WAR IS OVER! If You Want It - Happy Christmas from John & Yoko."[217] In the 1970s, Ono and Lennon became close to many radical, counterculture leaders, including Bobby Seale,[218] Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin,[219] Michael X,[220] John Sinclair (for whose rally in Michigan they flew to sing Lennon's song "Free John Sinclair" that effectively released the poet from prison),[221] Angela Davis, and street musician David Peel.[222] Friend and Sexual Politics author Kate Millett
Kate Millett
has said Ono inspired her activism.[223] Ono and Lennon appeared on The Mike Douglas Show, taking over hosting duties for a week.[224] Ono spoke at length about the evils of racism and sexism. She remained outspoken in her support of feminism, and openly bitter about the racism she had experienced from rock fans, especially in the UK. Her reception within the UK media was not much better.[49] For example, an Esquire article of the period was titled "John Rennon's Excrusive Gloupie"[20] and featured an unflattering David Levine cartoon.[225] After the Columbine High School massacre
Columbine High School massacre
in 1999, Ono paid for billboards to be put up in New York City
New York City
and Los Angeles
Los Angeles
that bore the image of Lennon's blood-splashed spectacles.[19] Early in 2002[226] she paid about £150,000 ($213,375)[227] for a billboard in Piccadilly Circus with a line from Lennon's "Imagine": " Imagine
Imagine
all the people living life in peace."[19] Later the same year, she inaugurated a peace award, the LennonOno Grant for Peace, by giving $50,000 (£31,900) in prize money originally to artists living "in regions of conflict". The award is given out every two years in conjunction with the lighting of the Imagine
Imagine
Peace
Peace
Tower, and was first given to Israeli and Palestinian artists. Its program has since expanded to include writers, such as Michael Pollan
Michael Pollan
and Alice Walker, activists such as Vandana Shiva
Vandana Shiva
and Pussy riot, organizations such as New York's Center for Constitutional Rights, even an entire country (Iceland).[228] On Valentine's Day 2003, which was the eve of the Iraqi invasion by the US and UK, Ono heard about a couple, Andrew and Christine Gale, who were holding a love-in protest in their tiny bedroom in Addingham, West Yorkshire. She phoned them and said, "It's good to speak to you. We're supporting you. We're all sisters together."[229] The couple said that songs like "Give Peace
Peace
a Chance" and "Imagine" inspired their protest. In 2004, Ono remade her song "Everyman..... Everywoman....." to support same-sex marriage, releasing remixes that included "Every Man Has a Man Who Loves Him" and "Every Woman Has a Woman Who Loves Her".[230] In August 2011, she made the documentary film about the Bed-Ins Bed Peace
Peace
available for free on YouTube,[231] and as part of her website " Imagine
Imagine
Peace".[232] In January 2013, the 79-year-old Ono, along with Sean Lennon
Sean Lennon
and Susan Sarandon, took to rural Pennsylvania in a bus under the banner of the Artists Against Fracking group she and Sean created with Mark Ruffalo
Mark Ruffalo
in August 2012 to protest against hydraulic fracturing.[233] Other group members include Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga
and Alec Baldwin.[234] Ono promotes her art and shares inspirational messages and images[235] through a robust and active Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook presence. In April 2014 her Twitter followers reached 4.69 million,[236] while her Instagram followers exceeded 99,000. Her tweets are short instructional poems,[237] comments on media and politics,[238] and notes about performances.[239] Relationship with the Beatles[edit] Main article: Break-up of the Beatles Lennon and Ono were injured in a car accident in June 1969, partway through recording Abbey Road. According to journalist Barry Miles, a bed with a microphone was then installed in the studio so that Ono could make artistic comments about the album.[240] Miles thought Ono's continual presence in the studio during the latter part of the Beatles' career put strain on Lennon's relationship with the other band members. George Harrison
George Harrison
verbally assaulted her after she took one of his chocolate digestive biscuits without asking.[241] The English press dubbed her "the woman who broke up the Beatles",[166] but Ono has stated that the Beatles
Beatles
broke up themselves without any direct involvement from her, adding "I don't think I could have tried even to break them up."[242] In an interview with Dick Cavett, Lennon explicitly denied that Ono broke up The Beatles[243] and even Harrison said during an interview with Cavett that the Beatles
Beatles
had problems long before Ono came onto the scene.[244] While the Beatles
Beatles
were together, every song written by Lennon or McCartney was credited as Lennon–McCartney
Lennon–McCartney
regardless of whether the song was a collaboration or written solely by one of the two (except for those appearing on their first album, Please Please Me, which originally credited the songs to McCartney–Lennon). In 1976, McCartney released a live album called Wings over America, which credited the five Beatles
Beatles
tracks as P. McCartney–J. Lennon compositions, but neither Lennon nor Ono objected. After Lennon's death, however, McCartney again attempted to change the order to McCartney–Lennon for songs that were solely or predominantly written by him, such as "Yesterday,"[245] but Ono would not allow it, saying she felt this broke an agreement that the two had made while Lennon was still alive, and the surviving Beatle argued that such an agreement never existed. A spokesman for Ono said McCartney was making "an attempt to rewrite history".[246] In a Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
interview in 1987, Ono pointed out McCartney's place in the process of the disintegration of the band.[247] On the 1998 John Lennon
John Lennon
anthology, Lennon Legend, the composer credit of "Give Peace
Peace
a Chance" was changed to "John Lennon" from its original composing credit of "Lennon–McCartney." Although the song was written by Lennon during his tenure with the Beatles, it was both written and recorded without the help of the band, and released as Lennon's first independent single under the "Plastic Ono Band" moniker. Lennon subsequently expressed regret that he had not given co-writing credit to Ono instead, who actually helped him write the song.[28] In 2002, McCartney released another live album, Back in the U.S. Live 2002, and the 19 Beatles
Beatles
songs included are described as "composed by Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
and John Lennon", which reignited the debate over credits with Ono. Her spokesperson Elliott Mintz called it "an attempt to rewrite history.", but nevertheless, Ono did not sue.[246] In 1995, after the Beatles
Beatles
released Lennon's "Free as a Bird" and "Real Love", with demos provided by Ono, McCartney and his family collaborated with her and Sean to create the song "Hiroshima Sky is Always Blue", which commemorates the 50th anniversary of the atomic bombing of that Japanese city. Of Ono, McCartney stated: "I thought she was a cold woman. I think that's wrong..... she's just the opposite..... I think she's just more determined than most people to be herself." Two years later, however, Ono publicly compared Lennon to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, while McCartney, she said, more closely resembled his less-talented rival Antonio Salieri.[248] This remark infuriated McCartney's wife Linda, who was dying from breast cancer at the time, and when Linda died less than a year later, McCartney did not invite Ono to his wife's memorial service in Manhattan.[19] Accepting an award at the 2005 Q Awards, Ono mentioned that Lennon had once felt insecure about his songwriting. She had responded, "You're a good songwriter. It's not June with spoon that you write. You're a good singer, and most musicians are probably a little bit nervous about covering your songs."[249] In an October 2010 interview, Ono spoke about Lennon's "lost weekend" and her subsequent reconciliation with him. She credited McCartney with helping save her marriage to John. "I want the world to know that it was a very touching thing that [Paul] did for John."[250] While visiting with Ono in March 1974, McCartney, on leaving, asked "[W]hat will make you come back to John?" McCartney subsequently passed her response to Lennon while visiting him in Los Angeles. "John often said he didn't understand why Paul did this for us, but he did." In 2012, McCartney revealed that he did not blame Ono for the breakup of the Beatles
Beatles
and credited Ono with inspiring much of Lennon's post-Beatles work.[251] Relationship with Julian Lennon[edit] Main article: John Lennon
John Lennon
§ Julian Lennon Ono had a difficult relationship with her stepson Julian, but the relationship has improved over the years. He has expressed disappointment at her handling of Lennon's estate, and at the difference between his upbringing and Sean's, adding, "when Dad gave up music for a couple of years to be with Sean, why couldn't he do that with me?"[252] More egregiously, however, Julian was left out of his father's will, and he battled Ono in court for years, settling in 1996 for an unspecified amount that the papers reported was "believed to" be in the area of £20 million, which Julian has denied.[19] He has admitted that he is his "mother's boy", which Ono has cited as the reason why she was never able to get close to him: "Julian and I tried to be friends. Of course, if he's too friendly with me, then I think that it hurts his other relatives. He was very loyal to his mother. That was the first thing that was in his mind."[53] Nevertheless, she and Sean attended the opening of Julian's photo exhibition at the Morrison Hotel in New York City
New York City
in 2010,[195] appearing for the first time for photos with Cynthia and Julian.[53] She also promoted the exhibition on her website, and Julian and Sean are close.[196] In popular culture[edit] Canadian rock band Barenaked Ladies' debut single was "Be My Yoko Ono," first released in 1990 and later appearing on their 1992 album Gordon.[253] The lyrics are "a shy entreaty to a potential girlfriend, caged in terms that self-deflatingly compare himself to one of pop music's foremost geniuses." It also has a "sarcastic imitation of Yoko Ono's unique vocal style in the bridge".[254] In 2000, American folk singer Dar Williams
Dar Williams
recorded a song titled "I Won't Be Your Yoko Ono."[255] Bryan Wawzenek of the website Ultimate Classic Rock described the song as "us[ing] John and Yoko
John and Yoko
as a starting point for exploring love, and particularly, love between artists."[256] The British band Elbow mentioned Ono in their song "New York Morning" from their 2014 album The Take Off and Landing of Everything
The Take Off and Landing of Everything
("Oh, my giddy aunt, New York can talk / It's the modern Rome and folk are nice to Yoko"). In response Ono posted an open letter to the band on her website, thanking them and reflecting on her and Lennon's relationship with the city.[257] In Public Enemy's song "Bring the Noise", Chuck D and Flavor Flav
Flavor Flav
rap, "Beat is for Sonny Bono/Beat is for Yoko Ono!"[258][259] The post-punk rock band Death of Samantha
Death of Samantha
named themselves after a song from Ono's 1972 album Approximately Infinite Universe.[260] Discography[edit] Albums[edit]

Year Album US chart peak Notes

1970 Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band 182

1971 Fly 199

1973 Approximately Infinite Universe 193

1973 Feeling the Space -

1981 Season of Glass 49

1982 It's Alright 98

1985 Starpeace -

1996 Rising -

1997 A Story -

2001 Blueprint for a Sunrise -

2009 Between My Head and the Sky -

2012 Yokokimthurston -

2013 Take Me to the Land of Hell -

Albums with John Lennon[edit]

Year Album US chart peak

1968 Unfinished Music No.1: Two Virgins 124

1969 Unfinished Music No.2: Life with the Lions 174

Wedding Album 178

Live Peace
Peace
in Toronto 1969 10

1972 Some Time in New York City 48

1980 Double Fantasy 1

1984 Milk and Honey 11

Compilations, soundtrack albums and EPs[edit]

Onobox (1992) Walking on Thin Ice
Walking on Thin Ice
(1992) New York Rock (1994) (Original cast recording) A Blueprint for the Sunrise (2000) (3-track EP included with YES YOKO ONO book) Don't Stop Me!
Don't Stop Me!
EP (2009)

Remix
Remix
albums[edit]

Rising Mixes (1996) Yes, I'm a Witch
Yes, I'm a Witch
(2007) Open Your Box
Open Your Box
(2007) Onomix (2012) Yes, I'm a Witch
Yes, I'm a Witch
Too (2016)

Tribute albums[edit]

Every Man Has a Woman
Every Man Has a Woman
(1984) Mrs. Lennon
Mrs. Lennon
(2010)

Singles[edit]

Year Song UK US Dance Album

1971 "Touch Me"/"Open Your Box" – – Non-album single

"Mrs. Lennon"/"Midsummer New York" – – Fly

"Mind Train"/"Listen, the Snow Is Falling" – – Fly' (b-side non-album single)

1972 "Now or Never"/"Move on Fast" – – Approximately Infinite Universe

1973 "Death of Samantha"/"Yang Yang" – –

"Josejoi Banzai (Part 1)"/"Josejoi Banzai (Part 2)" (Japan-only) – – Non-album single

"Woman Power"/"Men, Men, Men" – – Feeling the Space

"Run, Run, Run"/"Men, Men, Men" – –

1974 "Yume O Motou (Let's Have a Dream)"/"It Happened" (Japan-only) – – Non-album single

1981 "Walking on Thin Ice"/"It Happened" 35[261] 13[6]

"No, No, No"/"Will You Touch Me" – – Season of Glass

1982 "My Man"/"Let the Tears Dry" – – It's Alright (I See Rainbows)

"Never Say Goodbye"/"Loneliness" – –

1985 "Hell in Paradise"/"Hell in Paradise" (instrumental) – 12[6] Starpeace

"Cape Clear"/"Walking on Thin Ice" (promo) – –

2001 "Open Your Box" (remixes) 144[262] 25[6] Non-album singles

2002 "Kiss Kiss Kiss" (remixes) – 20[6]

"Yang Yang" (remixes) – 17[6]

2003 "Walking on Thin Ice" (remixes) 35[261] 1[6]

"Will I" (remixes)/"Fly" (remixes) – 19[6]

2004 "Hell in Paradise" (remixes) – 4[6]

"Everyman... Everywoman..." (remixes) – 1[6]

2007 "You're the One" (remixes) – 2[6]

"No, No, No" (remixes) – 1[6]

2008 "Give Peace
Peace
a Chance" (remixes) – 1[6]

2009 "I'm Not Getting Enough" (remixes) – 1[6]

2010 "Give Me Something" (remixes) – 1[6]

"Wouldnit (I'm a Star)" (remixes) – 1[6]

2011 "Move on Fast" (remixes) – 1[6]

"Talking to the Universe" (remixes) – 1[6]

2012 "She Gets Down on Her Knees" (remixes) – 5[6]

"Early in the Morning" – – Yokokimthurston

"I'm Moving On" (remixes) – 4[6] Non-album single

2013 "Hold Me" (featuring Dave Audé) (remixes) – 1

" Walking on Thin Ice
Walking on Thin Ice
2013" (remixes) – 1[6]

2014 "Angel" (remixes) – 1[6]

2015 "Woman Power" (remixes) – 6

"I Love You, Earth" (Antony & Yoko Ono) / "I'm Going Away Smiling" (Antony) (10″ vinyl single + download) – –

"Blink" ( Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
& John Zorn) (10″ vinyl single + download) – –

"Happy Xmas (War Is Over)" ( Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
& Flaming Lips) / "Atlas Eets Christmas" ( Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
& Flaming Lips) (7" vinyl single) – –

2016 " Hell in Paradise
Hell in Paradise
2016" (remixes) – 1[263] Yes, I'm a Witch
Yes, I'm a Witch
Too[264]

B-side appearances on John Lennon
John Lennon
singles[edit]

"Remember Love" (on "Give Peace
Peace
a Chance") (1969) "Don't Worry, Kyoko" (on "Cold Turkey") (1969) "Who Has Seen the Wind?" (on "Instant Karma!") (1970) "Why" (on "Mother") (1971) "Open Your Box" (on "Power to the People") (1971) "Listen, the Snow is Falling" (on "Happy Xmas (War Is Over)") (1971) "Sisters, O Sisters" (on "Woman Is the Nigger of the World") (1972) "Kiss Kiss Kiss" (on "(Just Like) Starting Over") (1980) "Beautiful Boys" (on "Woman") (1981) "Yes, I'm Your Angel" (on "Watching the Wheels") (1981) "O'Sanity" (on "Nobody Told Me") (1984) "Your Hands (あなたの手") (on "Borrowed Time") (1984) "Sleepless Night" (on "I'm Stepping Out") (1984) "It's Alright" (on " Every Man Has a Woman
Every Man Has a Woman
Who Loves Him") (1985)

Books and monographs[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Grapefruit (1964) Summer of 1980 (1983) ただの私 (Tada-no Watashi – Just Me!) (1986) The John Lennon
John Lennon
Family Album (1990) Instruction Paintings (1995) Grapefruit Juice (1998) YES YOKO ONO (2000) Odyssey of a Cockroach (2005) Imagine
Imagine
Yoko (2005) Memories of John Lennon
John Lennon
(editor) (2005) 2:46: Aftershocks: Stories From the Japan Earthquake (contributor) (2011) 郭知茂 Vocal China
China
Forever Love Song Acorn (2013)[265]

Director[edit]

Eye blink (1966, 5 min) Bottoms (1966, 5½ min) Match (1966, 5 min) Cut Piece
Cut Piece
(1965, 9 min) Wrapping Piece (1967, approx. 20 min, music by Delia Derbyshire) Film No. 4 (Bottoms) (1966/1967, 80 min) Bottoms, advertisement/commercial (1966/1967, approx. 2 min) Two Virgins
Two Virgins
(1968, approx. 20 min), a portrait film consisting of super-impositions of John's and Yoko's faces. Film No. Five (Smile) (1968, 51 min) Rape (1969, 77 min), filmed by Nick Rowland, a young woman is relentlessly pursued by a camera crew. Apotheosis (1970, 18½ mins) Freedom (1970, 1 min), a slow-motion film showing a woman attempting to take off her bra. Making of Fly (1970, approx. 30 min) Up Your Legs Forever (1970, 70 min), a film consisting of continuous panning shots up a series of 367 human legs. Erection (1971, 20 min), a film of a hotel's construction over many months, based on still photographs by Iain McMillan. Sisters, O Sisters
Sisters, O Sisters
(1971, 4 min) Luck of the Irish (1971, approx. 4 min) Blueprint for the Sunrise (2000, 28 min) Onochord (2004, continuous loop)[266]

Collaborations[edit]

With John Lennon, Bed-In, (1969, 74 min) With Jonas Mekas, Fly (1970, 25 min), a fly crawls slowly across a woman's naked body. Premiered at the Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
in May 1971.

Actress or as self[edit]

Satan's Bed (as an actress), directed by Michael Findlay Let It Be (1970, 81 min) Imagine
Imagine
(1971, 70 min) Flipside (Canadian TV show, 1972, approx. 25 min) Mad About You
Mad About You
(American TV show, guest star in 1995 episode "Yoko Said") Isle of Dogs (2018, voice)

See also[edit]

List of peace activists An Anthology of Chance Operations

References[edit]

^ a b " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
retrospective opens in Frankfurt". Yahoo Malaysia. February 16, 2013. Archived from the original on September 12, 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g "Yoko Ono: biography". AllMusic. Archived from the original on January 30, 2014. Retrieved February 1, 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g Haven, Cynthia (December 19, 2008). " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
to speak at Stanford, Stanford Report". Stanford University. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013.  ^ a b ""Brought to Book", 31 July 1971 interview with Alan Smith". Uncut Presents NME
NME
Originals Beatles-The Solo Years. 2010. p. 42.  ^ a b c d e Murray Sayle, "The Importance of Yoko Ono" Archived December 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., JPRI Occasional Paper No. 18, Japan Policy Research Institute, November 2000. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
- Charts & Awards - Billboard Singles". AllMusic. Retrieved January 12, 2014.  ^ a b Munroe et al. 2000, p. 231 ^ Goodman, Amy (October 16, 2007). "EXCLUSIVE: Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
on the New Imagine Peace Tower
Imagine Peace Tower
in Iceland, Art & Politics, the Peace Movement, Government Surveillance and the Murder of John Lennon". Democracy Now!. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.  ^ "Yoko Ono". biography.com. Archived from the original on February 16, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014.  ^ Munroe et al. 2000, p. 23. ^ a b c d " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Biography". Biography Channel (UK). Archived from the original on December 13, 2013.  ^ Hockinson, Michael J. (1992). The Ultimate Beatles
Beatles
Quiz Book. Macmillan.  ^ Munroe et al. 2000, p. 27. ^ Munroe et al. 2000, p. 168. ^ Harry 2001, p. 682. ^ a b Buskin, Richard. "John Lennon: John Lennon
John Lennon
Meets Yoko Ono". HowStuffWorks.com. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2014.  ^ Sheff, David (2000). All We Are Saying: The Last Major Interview with John Lennon
John Lennon
and Yoko Ono. St. Martin's Griffin.  ^ Miles 1997, p. 272. ^ a b c d e f g Williams, Precious (May 19, 2002). "Eternal flame". The Scotsman. Edinburgh, UK.  ^ a b c d e f g h "Yoko Ono: Biography". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 10, 2014. Retrieved February 5, 2014.  ^ Harry 2001, p. 683. ^ Two Virgins
Two Virgins
liner notes, Apple, SAPCOR 2 ^ Lennon, Cynthia, A Twist of Lennon, Avon, ISBN 978-0-380-45450-1, 1978, p. 183 ^ Spizer, Bruce, The Beatles
The Beatles
on Apple Records, 498 Productions, ISBN 0-9662649-4-0, 2003, pp. 107-108 ^ Harry 2001, p. 510. ^ Spitz, Bob, The Beatles: The Biography, 2005, p. 800 ^ Kruse, Robert J. II, "Geographies of John and Yoko's 1969 Campaign for Peace: An Intersection of Celebrity, Space, Art, and Activism", in Johansson, Ola, Bell, Thomas L., eds., Sound, Society and the Geography of Popular Music, Ashgate, ISBN 978-0-7546-7577-8, 2009, p. 16 ^ a b c Norman, Philip (2008). John Lennon: The Life. Doubleday Canada. p. 608. ISBN 978-0-385-66100-3.  ^ Harry 2001, p. 276. ^ Norman, Philip, John Lennon: The Life, 2008, Doubleday Canada, p. 608, ISBN 978-0-385-66100-3 ^ Coleman, Ray, Lennon: The Definitive Biography, 1992, p. 550 ^ Coleman, Ray, Lennon: The Definitive Biography, 1984b, p. 64 ^ Norman, Philip, John Lennon
John Lennon
The Life, Hammersmith, England: Harper Collins, 2008, ISBN 978-0-00-719741-5, p. 615 et seq ^ Emerick, Massey, 2006, pp. 279–80 ^ Gibron, Bill (December 21, 1968). "An in-depth Look at the Songs on Side-Three". Rolling Stone. The White Album Project. Archived from the original on January 13, 2014. Retrieved February 1, 2014.  ^ Lewisohn, Mark, 2000, The Complete Beatles
Beatles
Chronicle, London: Hamlyn, ISBN 978-0-600-60033-6, p. 284 ^ McDonald, Ian, Revolution in the Head, 3rd ed., Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2007, ISBN 978-1-55652-733-3, 1556527330 ^ Calkin, Graham. "Live Peace
Peace
in Toronto 1969". Jpgr.co.uk. Archived from the original on October 9, 2014. Retrieved February 1, 2014.  ^ Blaney, John (2005). John Lennon: Listen to This Book
Book
(illustrated ed.). [S.l.]: Paper Jukebox. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-9544528-1-0. ^ "Women in Music: Trailblazing Female Singers, Songwriters and Musicians". makers.com. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014.  ^ "Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band: Awards". AllMusic.  ^ Liner notes
Liner notes
to Disc 2, Sometime in New York City
New York City
album. ^ Carr, R. & Tyler, T. (1978). The Beatles: An illustrated record. Harmony Books. p. 83. ISBN 0-517-53367-7.  ^ Jackson, Andrew Grant. Still the Greatest: The Essential Songs of The Beatles' Solo Careers, Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, July 2012 (p.50) ^ "Various Artists: Now That's What I Call Christmas!: The Essential". AllMusic. Archived from the original on February 5, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014.  ^ "Happy Xmas (War Is Over): Overview". AllMusic. Archived from the original on August 31, 2016. Retrieved February 14, 2014.  ^ Munroe et al. 2000, p. 320. ^ Portland Magazine,2018 ^ a b c Ali, Tariq (February 2, 2010). "John Lennon's power for the people". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 9, 2017.  ^ Brenda Giuliano, Geoffrey Giuliano (1998). Press Release Interview with May Pang. ISBN 978-0-7119-6470-9. Archived from the original on January 1, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2011.  ^ Harry 2001, p. 698-99. ^ Harry 2001, p. 700-01. ^ a b c d Willman, Chris (April 7, 2013). " Julian Lennon
Julian Lennon
at 50: It's Never 'Much Too Late' For Lennon Family Discord Stop The Presses! (NEW)". Music.yahoo.com. Archived from the original on December 7, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2014.  ^ H, Erika. "Sean Ono Lennon and Charlotte Kemp Muhl to release debut as Ghost of a Saber Tooth Tiger; win award for worst band name since Dogs Die in Hot Cars". tinymixtapes.com. Archived from the original on July 31, 2010. Retrieved September 28, 2011.  ^ Dakss, Brian (December 8, 2005). " John Lennon
John Lennon
Remembered". CBS News. Archived from the original on April 26, 2014.  ^ Allin, Olivia (March 27, 2011). " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
headlining shows for Japan relief efforts". On the Red Carpet. Archived from the original on November 6, 2013.  ^ "Worldwide Broadcast Planned in Honor of Lennon's 50th Birthday". The Tufts Daily. October 5, 1990. p. 3.  ^ Steve Hochman, GRAMMY.com. "A Monument in the Life". Archived from the original on February 21, 2014.  ^ "Spirit Foundation". Retrieved January 31, 2014.  ^ Newhall, Edith (Oct 2000). "A Long and Winding Road". ARTnews. p. 163.  ^ Munroe et al. 2000, p. 40-41. ^ a b c d Munroe et al. 2000, p. 233. ^ Cardace, Sara (October 9, 2009). "Influences: Sean Lennon". New York magazine. Archived from the original on July 8, 2014.  ^ Munroe et al. 2000, p. 17. ^ Blau, Max (September 5, 2012). "33 Musicians on What John Cage Communicates". npr.org. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014.  ^ a b c d Munroe et al. 2000, p. 232 ^ a b c Munroe et al. 2000, p. 65. ^ a b c Munroe et al. 2000, p. 21 ^ Kotz, Liz (Winter 2001). "Post-Cagean Aesthetics and the "Event" Score". October. 95: 55–89 [56]. JSTOR 779200.  ^ a b c Munroe et al. 2000, p. 158 ^ Empire, Kitty (June 22, 2013). "Yoko Ono's Meltdown – review". The Guardian. Archived from the original on December 31, 2016.  ^ a b c Taylor, Paul (February 5, 1989). "Yoko Ono's New Bronze Age at the Whitney". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2014.  ^ Concannon, Kevin (2011). Joan M. Marter, ed. The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art, Volume 1. Oxford University Press. p. 596. ISBN 0195335791. Archived from the original on February 17, 2018.  ^ Pang, May (1983). Loving John. Warner Books
Warner Books
(Paperback). ISBN 978-0-446-37916-8.  ^ Ono, Yoko (2013). Acorn. OR Books. ISBN 978-1-939293-23-7.  ^ a b " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Biography: Films". Biography Channel (UK). Archived from the original on February 2, 2014.  ^ a b "New York 65–66 Fluxus
Fluxus
Films + London
London
66–67". Archived from the original on February 22, 2005. "England 68–69". Archived from the original on February 22, 2005.  " London
London
69–71". Archived from the original on February 22, 2005. "Around the World 69–71". Archived from the original on February 22, 2005. "New York 70 – 71". Archived from the original on February 22, 2005. "Ann Arbor/NYC 71–72 + 2000". Archived from the original on February 22, 2005.  ICA website. ^ "Film No. 4". swatch.com. Archived from the original on December 17, 2013. Retrieved February 5, 2014.  ^ Munroe et al. 2000, p. 294. ^ "Pharrell Williams Wrote a Pretty Cool Wish on Yoko Ono's Wish Tree". N.Y. Observer. June 6, 2013. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013.  ^ a b "Yoko Ono's Wish Tree at Saint Louis Art Museum". Blouin Art Info. August 19, 2013. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013.  ^ "Yoko Ono's Wish Trees". Imagine Peace Tower
Imagine Peace Tower
website. Archived from the original on November 14, 2013.  ^ "Yoko Ono". Peggy Guggenheim
Peggy Guggenheim
Collection. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014.  ^ a b c " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
receives a lifetime achievement award in Dublin Irish Entertainment in Ireland and Around the World". IrishCentral. June 28, 2012. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2012.  ^ " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Imagine
Imagine
Peace
Peace
at the Rauschenberg Gallery - ArtSWFL.com". www.artswfl.com. Archived from the original on January 18, 2017. Retrieved June 24, 2017.  ^ "2014 Exhibition Archives - Bob Rauschenberg Gallery". rauschenberggallery.com. Archived from the original on October 28, 2017. Retrieved June 24, 2017.  ^ "WM whitehot magazine of contemporary art June 2013: Yoko Ono: Arising a call for Women - the Whitehot Magazine Interview". whitehotmagazine.com. Archived from the original on January 13, 2018. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ "Sarah Gold and Karlyn De Jongh Talk
Talk
with Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
- NY Arts Magazine". NY Arts Magazine. 2014-01-31. Retrieved 2017-07-11.  ^ "SKYLANDING By Yoko Ono". www.skylanding.com. Archived from the original on June 28, 2017. Retrieved June 24, 2017.  ^ "Project 120 Chicago
Chicago
- SKYLANDING by Yoko Ono". www.project120chicago.org. Archived from the original on June 9, 2017. Retrieved June 24, 2017.  ^ a b Higgins, Charlotte (June 8, 2012). "The Guardian Profile: Yoko Ono". The Guardian. Archived from the original on September 10, 2017.  ^ Munroe et al. 2000, pp. 23, 55. ^ Munroe et al. 2000, p. 28. ^ a b Munroe et al. 2000, p. 18. ^ a b Munroe et al. 2000, p. 55. ^ Munroe et al. 2000, p. 82. ^ Munroe et al. 2000, p. 22. ^ "MARCH 10-JUNE 17, 2001 Y E S YOKO ONO". 2000. Archived from the original on May 2, 2015.  ^ "Spirit of YES: The Art and Life of Yoko Ono". 2000. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016.  ^ "YES Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Exhibition Details". August 4, 2015. Archived from the original on July 26, 2015.  ^ "Visual and Recording Artist Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
To Be Awarded An Honorary Degree at Bard College
Bard College
on Tuesday, October 29 (press release)". Bard College website. October 17, 2002. Archived from the original on October 27, 2012. Retrieved October 28, 2011.  ^ "Yoko Ono: Freight Train". MoMA/P.S.1. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014.  ^ "The Curve: The 8th MOCA Award to Distinguished Women in the Arts Luncheon". September 3, 2013. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014.  ^ " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
wins achievement award". Japan Times. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved April 18, 2014.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 19, 2010. Retrieved February 23, 2010. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) . imaginepeace.com ^ "53rd International Art Exhibition: Jury and Awards". La Biennale di Venezia. Archived from the original on October 28, 2011. Retrieved October 28, 2011.  ^ Yoko Ono: To The Light 2012 Archived February 4, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. at the Serpentine Galleries, London ^ " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
wins Oskar Kokoschka
Oskar Kokoschka
art prize in Austria". BBC News. March 2, 2012. Archived from the original on June 23, 2012. Retrieved November 11, 2013.  ^ a b "Retrospective. Yoko Ono. Half-a-Wind Show". Kunsthalle Krems. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013.  ^ "YOKO ONO PLASTIC ONO BAND Part of Festival of Neighbourhood and Meltdown Royal Festival Hall Friday 14 June 2013". Southbank Centre website. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013.  ^ "Yoko Ono: One Woman Show, 1960–1971 - MoMA". The Museum of Modern Art. Archived from the original on June 21, 2017. Retrieved June 24, 2017.  ^ "Ono, Yoko: Cut Piece". Medien Kunst Netz (Media Art Net). Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Retrieved November 5, 2017.  ^ "Centre of the Creative Universe: Liverpool
Liverpool
and the Avant-Garde: Timeline". tate.or.uk. Archived from the original on March 2, 2014.  ^ "#29: John Lennon
John Lennon
and Yoko Ono, Double Fantasy". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014.  ^ a b Wiskirchen, Julie. "The B-52s
B-52s
25th Anniversary Concert with Chicks on Speed". Ape Culture. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved April 18, 2014.  ^ "Elvis Costello-Walking on Thin Ice". last.fm. Archived from the original on March 9, 2016. Retrieved February 7, 2014.  ^ a b " SYR4
SYR4
- Goodbye 20th Century". NME. December 1, 1999. Archived from the original on February 23, 2014.  ^ AllMusic
AllMusic
Season of Glass Review Archived December 18, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.. AllMusic. Retrieved January 1, 2012. ^ Trebay, Guy (April 6, 2011). "A Collector of People Along With Art". New York Times. Archived from the original on September 11, 2017.  ^ "Yoko Ono, It's Alright (I See Rainbows), Billboard Albums". February 7, 2014.  ^ "Yoko Ono: Biography". iTunes. Archived from the original on April 12, 2014.  ^ "Various Artists, Every Man Has a Woman, Credits". AllMusic. Archived from the original on September 8, 2016. Retrieved February 7, 2014.  ^ "John Lennon/Yoko Ono: Milk and Honey, Overview". AllMusic. Archived from the original on July 19, 2017.  ^ "John Lennon/Yoko Ono: Milk and Honey, Awards". AllMusic. Archived from the original on June 26, 2013.  ^ " John Lennon
John Lennon
and Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
in Searchable Database". riaa.com. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24.  page 3 ^ "Searchable Database". bpi.co.uk. Archived from the original on January 11, 2013.  ^ "Gold Platinum Database: John Lennon". Canadian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on February 25, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2011.  ^ "ZBIG RYBCZYNSKI::FILM AND VIDEO AWARD". ZBIG RYBCZYNSKI. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011. Retrieved July 26, 2011.  ^ "Yoko Ono: Onobox". AllMusic. Archived from the original on December 13, 2014.  ^ "Yoko Ono": Walking on Thin Ice". AllMusic. Archived from the original on June 1, 2013.  ^ Kemp, Mark (1992). "She Who Laughs Last: Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Reconsidered". Option. pp. 74–81.  ^ "Yoko Ono, New York Rock [Original Cast]". AllMusic. Archived from the original on October 27, 2015. Retrieved November 7, 2014.  ^ "The Ballads (and Uptempo Songs) of Yoko: Ask Billboard". Billboard.com. September 18, 2009. Archived from the original on December 25, 2013. Retrieved February 7, 2014.  ^ "Ima/Yoko Ono: Rising Mixes". AllMusic. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014.  ^ Kaufman, Gil (February 19, 1997). "Ready Or Not: Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Albums To Be Reissued". MTV.com. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014.  ^ "Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band", The". Discogs. Archived from the original on July 6, 2013.  ^ " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
- Starpeace". Discogs. Archived from the original on July 8, 2013.  ^ "Yoko Ono: Blueprint for a Sunrise". Pitchfork Media. October 25, 2001. Archived from the original on May 22, 2012.  ^ a b Locker, Melissa (December 19, 2013). "Q&A: Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
on Her Rebirth As A Dance-Music Star". TIME. Archived from the original on April 16, 2014.  ^ "ONO-Hell in Paradise". Discogs. Archived from the original on March 10, 2016. Retrieved April 18, 2014.  ^ "ONO - Walking on Thin Ice
Walking on Thin Ice
2013 ( Danny Tenaglia
Danny Tenaglia
and Sebastian Dub)". Soundcloud. Archived from the original on April 19, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014.  ^ Plastic Ono Band
Plastic Ono Band
(Mlps): Yoko Ono: Music. Amazon.com. Retrieved April 4, 2011. ^ Petridis, Alexis (February 16, 2007). "Yoko Ono, Yes, I'm a Witch". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on February 18, 2007.  ^ "Basement Jaxx, Pet Shop Boys
Pet Shop Boys
Remix
Remix
Yoko Ono". Pitchforkmedia.com via the Way Back Machine. March 5, 2007. Archived from the original on March 12, 2007.  ^ "Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band: Between My Head and the Sky, Overview". AllMusic. Archived from the original on October 13, 2014.  ^ "Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band: Between My Head and the Sky, Credits". AllMusic. Archived from the original on September 2, 2016.  ^ Pareles, Jon (February 18, 2010). "Review: "Amid All That Experience, Innocence"". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 18, 2010. Retrieved February 18, 2010.  ^ Fitzmaurice, Larry. "Yoko Ono: "Give Me Something" (Junior Boys Remix)". Pitchfork Media. Archived from the original on July 28, 2011.  ^ " Wouldnit (I'm a Star)
Wouldnit (I'm a Star)
– Single by Yoko Ono". iTunes Store US. Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
Archived from the original on March 29, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011.  ^ "Dance Club Songs, Best of 2010, 21-30". Archived from the original on June 6, 2015. Retrieved April 18, 2014.  ^ "Dance Club Songs, Best of 2010, 41-50". Archived from the original on May 31, 2015. Retrieved April 18, 2014.  ^ Perpetua, Mathew. " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Scores Sixth Consecutive Dance Chart-Topper With 'Move on Fast'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved July 26, 2011.  ^ "Dance Club Songs, Best of 2011, 21-30". Archived from the original on June 6, 2015. Retrieved April 18, 2014.  ^ "The Approval Matrix". New York magazine. November 18, 2013. Archived from the original on March 23, 2014.  ^ Hermes, Will (December 3, 2013). " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Plastic Ono Band: Take Me To The Land Of Hell". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017.  ^ "Hot Dance Club Songs". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. November 8, 2014. Archived from the original on November 7, 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2014.  ^ "Greatest of All Time Top Dance Club Artists : Page 1". Archived from the original on July 7, 2017.  ^ " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
/ Ima (2) – Rising Mixes". Discogs. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013.  ^ "Bio". DJSpooky.com. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014.  ^ "Yoko Ono: You're the One [ Bimbo Jones Main Mix]". AllMusic. Archived from the original on September 1, 2016.  ^ "Yoko Ono: Give Peace
Peace
a Chance [ DJ Dan
DJ Dan
Vocal Mix]". AllMusic. Archived from the original on August 31, 2016.  ^ "Craig Armstrong / Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Shiranakatta (I Didn't Know)". AllMusic. Archived from the original on September 1, 2016.  ^ "THE SUN IS DOWN! remix competition – THE 20 WINNING REMIXES". ImaginePeace.com. January 26, 2010. Archived from the original on April 29, 2014.  ^ "Kim Gordon/Thurston Moore/Yoko Ono/YOKOKIMTHURSTON". AllMusic. Archived from the original on March 3, 2013.  ^ "BMI Foundation's John Lennon
John Lennon
Scholarships". Archived from the original on February 15, 2017.  ^ a b Badman 1999, p. 40. ^ "Yoko Ono". Nndb.com. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved August 24, 2015.  ^ Jackson, Buzzy (February 17, 2005). A Bad Woman Feeling Good: Blues and the Women Who Sing Them. W. W. Norton & Company. pp. 264–65. ISBN 978-0-393-05936-6. Archived from the original on May 5, 2014.  ^ Dahlberg, Tim (December 22, 2007). "Yoko Romo: Jessica Simpson
Jessica Simpson
cast in the role of villain". USA Today. Archived from the original on October 29, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2008.  ^ "Perrie Edwards: The Blonde Yoko Ono?". MTV. March 26, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2015. [permanent dead link] ^ "Come Together: A Night For John Lennon's Words & Music, Dedicated To New York City
New York City
& It's People (2001)". tntdrama.com. Archived from the original on April 26, 2014.  ^ "Yoko Ono: I'm astounded by Liverpool's renaissance". Daily Post via the Free Library. September 18, 2004.  ^ Coslett, Paul. "But Is It Art?". bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on May 1, 2014. Retrieved February 8, 2014.  ^ "Interview with Michele Robecchi" (84). Contemporary Magazine. 2006. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014.  via ImaginePeace.com ^ Elfman, Doug (February 22, 2006). "Agony of defeat: Coverage of "oh no" Games seems lackluster to callous generation of American viewers". Chicago
Chicago
Sun-Times. Sun-Times Media. Retrieved December 8, 2010.  ^ "Olympics Open in Spectacular Style". CNN. February 10, 2006. Archived from the original on April 18, 2014.  ^ "Yoko Ono: IMAGINE PEACE at the opening ceremony for The 2006 XX Winter Olympic Games". ImaginePeace.com. February 10, 2006. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014.  ^ "Gabriel, Pavarotti Participate in Surreal Olympic Opening". Billboard. February 10, 2006. Archived from the original on September 16, 2014.  ^ Pineda, Nina (December 13, 2006). " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
bodyguard accused of extortion". Eyewitness News. ABC. WABC-TV. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved December 8, 2010.  ^ "Driver's Lawyer Calls Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Abusive". The New York Times. December 19, 2006. Archived from the original on September 11, 2017.  ^ "Deal Ends Case Against Yoko Ono's Chauffeur". The New York Times. February 16, 2007. Archived from the original on September 11, 2017.  ^ "The Beatles, Aired June 26, 2007 - 21:00 ET". CNN LARRY KING LIVE. CNN. Archived from the original on August 29, 2014. Retrieved February 8, 2014.  ^ "Yoko imagines peace on Lennon's birthday". October 11, 2007. Archived from the original on September 14, 2012.  ^ Yoko Ono: SKYLADDERS – Articles Archived July 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Imagine
Imagine
Peace
Peace
(October 21, 2008). Retrieved April 4, 2011. ^ " Montreal
Montreal
hotel celebrates 40th anniversary of John Lennon
John Lennon
and Yoko Ono's "Bed-in for Peace"". The Seattle Times. June 28, 2009. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved November 9, 2013. ) ^ "Star Tracks". People. January 15, 2001. Archived from the original on April 26, 2014.  ^ Designers against AIDS Website Archived July 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.. Designersagainstaids.com. Retrieved January 1, 2012. ^ Radosh, Daniel (August 16, 2009). "While My Guitar Gently Beeps". The New York Times. p. MM26. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 8, 2011. Retrieved December 8, 2010.  ^ Fletcher, Brenden (June 2, 2009). "Best Animated Game-Intro Ever: The Beatles
The Beatles
Rock Band". fps magazine. Archived from the original on June 7, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2009.  ^ Bernardin, Marc (June 2, 2009). "'The Beatles: Rock Band': Most amazing animated commercial ever?". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on August 2, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2009.  ^ " Basement Jaxx
Basement Jaxx
feat. Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
– Day of the Sunflowers (We March On)". Imagine
Imagine
Peace. September 1, 2009. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved December 8, 2010.  ^ Harvilla, Rob (February 23, 2010). "Oh, Yoko Ono". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on March 29, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2010.  ^ "Your Global Autism Ambassador Is ... Yoko Ono? Really?". About.com. April 2, 2010. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013.  ^ "Amazing Ringo 70th Birthday show – McCartney, Yoko, Joe Walsh, Little Steven and much more". Rock Art Show Blog. Rock Art Show. July 8, 2010. Archived from the original on July 13, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2010.  ^ a b " Julian Lennon
Julian Lennon
on His 'Timeless' Photo Exhibition". Rolling Stone. September 17, 2010. Archived from the original on September 11, 2017.  ^ a b "Julian Lennon: 'Timeless' exhibition at Morrison Hotel Gallery, NYC: Sept17-Oct7". Imagine
Imagine
Peace. September 30, 2010. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011.  ^ " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
on Lady Gaga: 'She is Incredible'". The Hollywood Reporter. September 12, 2011. Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2013.  ^ Metro (UK), page 30, February 18, 2011 ^ a b March 27 JAPAN BENEFIT Concert: YOKO ONO, Sean Lennon, Sonic Youth, Mike Patton, Cibo Matto
Cibo Matto
& more (Miller Theater Columbia University, NY) Archived March 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Imagine
Imagine
Peace
Peace
(March 24, 2011). Retrieved April 4, 2011. ^ " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
to Japanese Disaster Victims: 'We Are All Together'". Billboard.com. July 22, 2011. Archived from the original on September 8, 2014.  ^ The Hiroshima Art Prize – Hiroshima MOCA Archived March 5, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved February 21, 2014. ^ Russeth, Andrew (March 2, 2012). "Awards: 2012 Oscar Kokoschka Prize Goes to Yoko Ono". Galleristny. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014.  ^ "Yoko Ono, To the Light". Serpentine Gallery. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 10, 2014.  ^ " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
To Exhibit at London
London
2012 Festival". Huffington Post UK. December 13, 2011. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 10, 2014.  ^ " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
picks up German human rights prize at Berlin's Checkpoint Charlie Museum". Agence France-Presse
Agence France-Presse
via ArtDaily. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013.  ^ " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Tweets Photo of John Lennon's Bloody Glasses With Anti-Gun Statement". The Hollywood Reporter. March 21, 2013. Archived from the original on January 24, 2014.  ^ "Congressional Citation for Yoko Ono". Manila Bulletin. February 21, 2013. Archived from the original on February 24, 2013.  ^ "Yoko Ono, HP donate to Pablo victims". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2013.  ^ Petridis, Alexis (June 15, 2013). "Yoko Ono/ Plastic Ono Band -review". The Guardian. Archived from the original on October 31, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013.  ^ Price, Simon (June 29, 2013). Yoko Ono's Meltdown Finale. The Independent. Archived from the original on March 9, 2016. Retrieved May 14, 2015.  ^ Alder Hey Charity. "Our Patrons" Archived July 11, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., Liverpool
Liverpool
2013. Retrieved on June 23, 2014. ^ Karimi, Faith (February 27, 2016). "Artist Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
hospitalized with 'extreme' flu-like symptoms". CNN. Archived from the original on February 29, 2016. Retrieved February 27, 2016.  ^ " Secretly Canadian
Secretly Canadian
ANNOUNCE // Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Reissue Project". secretlycanadian.com. Archived from the original on June 6, 2017. Retrieved June 24, 2017.  ^ " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Announces Reissue Project - Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Archived from the original on June 28, 2017. Retrieved June 24, 2017.  ^ "John Lennon: Awards". AllMusic. Archived from the original on October 15, 2012.  ^ Munroe et al. 2000, p. 162-65. ^ Munroe et al. 2000, p. 190-91. ^ Doggett, Peter (2007). There's a Riot Going on: Revolutionaries, Rock Stars, and the Rise and Fall of the '60s. Grove/Atlantic. p. 501.  ^ Risen, Tom (January 22, 2014). "John Lennon: Rebel Beatle". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on August 29, 2016.  ^ Harry 2001. ^ O'Hagan, Sean (March 2, 2014). "John Sinclair: 'We wanted to kick ass – and raise consciousness'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on April 29, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2014.  ^ Derienzo, Paul (December 13, 2012). "John Lennon, David Peel and rock's greatest flattery". The Villager. Archived from the original on February 23, 2014.  ^ Simmons, William (December 1, 2011). "Conversations with Kate Millett". The Harvard Independent. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013.  ^ " The Mike Douglas Show
The Mike Douglas Show
with John Lennon
John Lennon
& Yoko Ono". AllMusic. Archived from the original on January 2, 2015.  ^ Cronin, J. Ken; Robertson, Kirsty (2011). Imagining Resistance: Visual Culture and Activism
Activism
in Canada. Wilfrid Laurier University Press. p. 71.  ^ "Yoko brings peace message to UK". BBC News. March 5, 2002. Archived from the original on March 1, 2014.  ^ Oanda.com's currency converter, 3/5/02 ^ Imagine
Imagine
Peace
Peace
Archived March 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. (PDF). Taipei Times. December 24, 2008. Retrieved January 1, 2012. ^ " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
supports bed protest". BBC. April 3, 2003. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 10, 2014.  ^ Johnstone, Nick. Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Talking. Omnibus Press. p. 13. ISBN 085712255X.  ^ "BED PEACE starring John Lennon
John Lennon
& Yoko Ono". August 12, 2011. Archived from the original on March 20, 2016.  ^ Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Lennon (September 3, 2011). "Watch the film #BEDPEACE starring John Lennon
John Lennon
& Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
✩✩✩ FREE ✩✩✩". ImaginePeace.com. Archived from the original on May 30, 2014.  ^ Gabbatt, Adam (January 18, 2013). "Fracking debate draws Yoko, Lennon and Sarandon to rural battlegrounds: Artists Against Fracking board bus for magical mystery tour of Pennsylvania as New York and New Jersey decisions draw near". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 12, 2016.  ^ "Intelligencer: Fracklash". New York. September 10, 2012. Archived from the original on April 14, 2014.  ^ Jamieson, Ruth (February 23, 2009). "Art on Twitter: yes, but is it twart?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on February 28, 2014. Retrieved February 22, 2014.  ^ "Yoko Ono". Twitter. Archived from the original on April 10, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2014.  ^ Sinclair, Hannah (July 8, 2011). "Yoko Ono's Tweets of Wisdom". Yen. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved July 30, 2013.  ^ " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
tweets John Lennon's bloody glasses". CBS News. March 21, 2013. Archived from the original on May 23, 2013. Retrieved July 30, 2013.  ^ Phillips, Brian (March 24, 2014). "Today in Twitter Beefs: Andy Murray's Mom vs. Yoko Ono". Grantland. Archived from the original on April 29, 2014.  ^ Miles 1997, p. 552. ^ Udovitch, Mim (October 8, 2000). "Let Us Now Praise Famous Men". New York Times. Archived from the original on March 10, 2014. Retrieved February 21, 2014.  ^ Badman 1999, p. 41. ^ "John Lennon-on Yoko Breaking Up the Beatles". YouTube. January 11, 2008. Archived from the original on November 12, 2015. Retrieved August 24, 2015.  ^ "George harrison talks about Lennon, Paul, yoko ono and beatles beakup". YouTube. December 5, 1990. Archived from the original on March 28, 2016. Retrieved August 24, 2015.  ^ "Talking Point Lennon-McCartney: Who do you give credit to?". BBC News. December 23, 2002. Archived from the original on April 7, 2012. Retrieved April 18, 2012.  ^ a b "Update: McCartney Reignites Beatles
Beatles
Credit Controversy". Billboard.com. Archived from the original on October 4, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014.  ^ Vultaggio, Maria (December 29, 2012). " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Blames Paul McCartney for the Beatles' Breakup?". International Business Times. Archived from the original on December 31, 2012.  ^ Garcia, Gilbert. (January 27, 2003) "The ballad of Paul and Yoko Archived June 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.". Salon. Retrieved April 4, 2011. ^ Herbert, Ian (October 15, 2005). " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
claims she was misquoted over McCartney outburst". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on February 25, 2014. Retrieved February 1, 2014.  ^ "Can't buy me love: Yoko tells how Paul saved her marriage to John". The Times. October 9, 2010.  ^ "Paul McCartney: Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Didn't Break Up the Beatles". Rolling Stone. October 29, 2012. Archived from the original on September 1, 2016.  ^ " Julian Lennon
Julian Lennon
blames father John for his lack of children". The Daily Telegraph. December 4, 2011. Archived from the original on March 27, 2014. Retrieved February 21, 2014.  ^ "Barenaked Ladies: Be My Yoko Ono". last.fm. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2014.  ^ "Barenaked Ladies: Be My Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
(Overview)". AllMusic. Archived from the original on January 29, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2014.  ^ " Dar Williams
Dar Williams
- I Won't Be Your Yoko Ono". Discogs. Retrieved February 7, 2014.  ^ "Top 10 Songs Inspired by Yoko Ono". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on June 19, 2017. Retrieved June 24, 2017.  ^ " Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
thanks Elbow for new song 'New York Morning' in open letter". NME.com. March 5, 2014. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved April 23, 2014.  ^ Santoro, Gene (December 29, 1995). "Dancing in Your Head: Jazz, Blues, Rock, and Beyond". Oxford University Press – via Google Books.  ^ LLC, SPIN Media (February 1, 1988). "SPIN". SPIN Media LLC – via Google Books.  ^ "Death of Samantha: Notes from the Underground," The Plain Dealer Magazine, February 22, 1987, Christopher Evans, Page 6 ^ a b "Chart Stats - Yoko Ono". Chart Stats. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013.  ^ "Chart Log UK : 1994–2010 : The O – Ozric Tentacles". zobbel.de. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2014.  ^ "Ono - Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved January 18, 2017.  ^ " Hell in Paradise
Hell in Paradise
2016 ONO". Imaginepeace.com. Archived from the original on January 31, 2017. Retrieved January 19, 2017. It's the first official single from ONO's critically-acclaimed remix collaborations album YES, I'M A WITCH TOO  ^ Ono, Yoko (2013). Acorn. OR Books. ISBN 978-1-939293-23-7. Archived from the original on July 13, 2013. Retrieved July 30, 2013.  Note ISBN 978-1-939293-23-7 (paperback), ISBN 978-1-939293-24-4 (ebook), but as of 30 July 2013[update], it is only available directly from the publisher Archived July 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Ono, Yoko. "Yoko Ono: Onochord on Vimeo". Vimeo.com. Archived from the original on March 5, 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2010. 

Sources[edit]

John Lennon: One Day at a Time, by Anthony Fawcett (Grove Press, 1976) Come Together: John Lennon
John Lennon
in His Time, by Jon Wiener
Jon Wiener
(Random House, 1984) The Ballad of John and Yoko, by the editors of Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
(Rolling Stone Press, 1982) Spitz, Bob. The Beatles. Little, Brown, and Company: New York, 2005. Kemp, Mark. "She Who Laughs Last: Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Reconsidered." (July/Aug 1992). Option, p. 74–81. "Ono apologises for comment." (November 6, 2005). New Sunday Times, p. 29. The Rare Films of Yoko Ono: New York 65–66 Fluxus
Fluxus
Films + London 66–67, England 68–69, London
London
69–71, Around the World 69–71, New York 70 – 71 and Ann Arbor/NYC 71–72 + 2000 at the ICA, London, March 2004. Harry, Bill (October 2001). The John Lennon
John Lennon
Encyclopedia. Virgin. ISBN 0-7535-0404-9.  Munroe, Alexandra; Ono, Yoko; Hendricks, Jon; Altshuler, Bruce; Ross, David A.; Wenner, Jann S.; Concannon, Kevin C.; Tomii, Reiko; Sayle, Murray; Gomez, Edward M. (October 2000). Yes Yoko Ono. New York: Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 0-81094-587-8. 

Further reading[edit]

Ayres, Ian (2004). Van Gogh's Ear: Best World Poetry & Prose (Volume 3 includes Yoko Ono's poetry/artwork). Paris: French Connection. ISBN 978-2-914853-02-6.  Ayres, Ian (2005). Van Gogh's Ear: Best World Poetry & Prose (Volume 4 includes Yoko Ono's poetry/artwork). Paris: French Connection. ISBN 978-2-914853-03-3.  Clayson, Alan et al. Woman: The Incredible Life of Yoko Ono Goldman, Albert. The Lives of John Lennon Green, John. Dakota Days Badman, Keith (1999). The Beatles
The Beatles
After the Breakup. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-7520-5.  Haskell, Barbara. Yoko Ono: Arias and Objects. Exhibition Catalogue. New York: Whitney Museum
Whitney Museum
of American Art, 1991. Hendricks, Geoffrey. Fluxus
Fluxus
Codex Hendricks, Geoffrey. Yoko Ono: Arias and Objects Hopkins, Jerry. Yoko Ono Klin, Richard, and Lily Prince, photos. "'I Remembered Carrying a Glass Key to Open the Sky.'" In Something to Say: Thoughts on Art and Politics in America. (Leapfrog Press, 2011) Miles, Barry (1997). Many Years From Now. Vintage-Random House. ISBN 978-0-7493-8658-0.  Millett, Kate. Flying Norman, Philip, John Lennon : the life, 1st ed., New York : Ecco, 2008. ISBN 978-0-06-075401-3. Norman, Philip, Days in the life : John Lennon
John Lennon
remembered, London : Century, 1990. ISBN 0-7126-3922-5 Munroe, Alexandra. Yoko Ono's Bashō: A Conversation, published in Yoko Ono: Half-a-Wind Show; A Retrospective. April 14, 2013. [1] Munroe, Alexandra. Spirit of YES: The Art and Life of Yoko Ono, published in YES YOKO ONO, 2000. [2] Munroe, Alexandra. Why War? Yoko by Yoko at the Serpentine, published in Yoko Ono: To the Light. 2012. [3] Obrist, Hans Ulrich. The Conversation Series: Yoko Ono, Walther König, Cologne, 2010. Rumaker, Michael. The Butterfly Seaman, Frederic. The Last Days of John Lennon Sheff, David. Last Interview: John Lennon
John Lennon
and Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
New York: Pan Books, 2001. ISBN 978-0-330-48258-5. Wiener, Jon. Come Together: John Lennon
John Lennon
in His Time Wenner, Jann, ed. The Ballad of John and Yoko Yoon, Jean. The Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
Project

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Yoko Ono

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yoko Ono.

Official website Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
on IMDb MoMA
MoMA
Learning Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
in the collection of The Museum of Modern Art

v t e

Yoko Ono

Studio albums

Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band Fly Approximately Infinite Universe Feeling the Space Season of Glass It's Alright (I See Rainbows) Starpeace Rising A Story Blueprint for a Sunrise Between My Head and the Sky Yokokimthurston Take Me to the Land of Hell

with John Lennon

Unfinished Music No. 1: Two Virgins Unfinished Music No. 2: Life with the Lions Wedding Album Some Time in New York City Double Fantasy Milk and Honey

Live albums

Live Peace
Peace
in Toronto 1969 (with The Plastic Ono Band) Live Jam (with Plastic Ono Band/ Frank Zappa
Frank Zappa
and the Mothers of Invention)

Compilations

Onobox Walking on Thin Ice

Remix
Remix
albums

Yes, I'm a Witch Open Your Box Onomix Yes, I'm a Witch
Yes, I'm a Witch
Too

Other albums

Every Man Has a Woman New York Rock Don't Stop Me!
Don't Stop Me!
EP

Singles

"Don't Worry Kyoko (Mummy's Only Looking for a Hand in the Snow)" "Mrs. Lennon" / "Midsummer New York" "Sisters, O Sisters" "Now or Never" / "Move on Fast" "Death of Samantha" / "Yang Yang" "Woman Power" "Kiss Kiss Kiss" "Walking on Thin Ice" "No, No, No" "My Man" "Never Say Goodbye" "Hell in Paradise" " Open Your Box
Open Your Box
(remixes)" "Kiss Kiss Kiss (remixes)" "Yang Yang (remixes)" " Walking on Thin Ice
Walking on Thin Ice
(remixes)" " Hell in Paradise
Hell in Paradise
(remixes)" "Everyman... Everywoman... (remixes)" "You're the One (remixes)" "No, No, No (remixes)" "Give Peace
Peace
a Chance (remixes)" " I'm Not Getting Enough
I'm Not Getting Enough
(remixes)" " Give Me Something
Give Me Something
(remixes)" " Wouldnit (I'm a Star)
Wouldnit (I'm a Star)
(remixes)" " Move on Fast (remixes)" " Talking to the Universe
Talking to the Universe
(remixes)" " She Gets Down on Her Knees
She Gets Down on Her Knees
(remixes)" "Early in the Morning" "I'm Moving On (remixes)" "Hold Me" " Walking on Thin Ice
Walking on Thin Ice
(remixes)" "Angel" "Woman Power (remixes)"

Books

Grapefruit Acorn

Films

Imagine
Imagine
(1972)

Art

Apple (1966) Ceiling Painting/Yes Painting (1966) Half-A-Room
Half-A-Room
(1967) Wish Tree (c.1981; ongoing)

Wish Tree for Washington, DC

Related

John Lennon
John Lennon
(third husband) Sean Lennon
Sean Lennon
(son) Toshi Ichiyanagi
Toshi Ichiyanagi
(first husband) Anthony Cox (second husband) Plastic Ono Band Toronto Rock and Roll Revival Sweet Toronto John and Yoko: A Love Story Bagism Bed-In

"Give Peace
Peace
a Chance"

Nutopia Artists Against Fracking LennonOno Grant for Peace The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus Death of John Lennon Imagine
Imagine
Peace
Peace
Tower Courage Award for the Arts

Book Category

v t e

John Lennon

Discography Song list

Studio albums

John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band Imagine Mind Games Walls and Bridges Rock 'n' Roll

with Yoko Ono

Unfinished Music No. 1: Two Virgins Unfinished Music No. 2: Life with the Lions Wedding Album Some Time in New York City Double Fantasy Milk and Honey

Live albums

Live Peace
Peace
in Toronto 1969 Live Jam Live in New York City

Compilations

Shaved Fish The John Lennon
John Lennon
Collection Menlove Ave. Lennon Legend: The Very Best of John Lennon Wonsaponatime Instant Karma: All-Time Greatest Hits Acoustic Peace, Love & Truth Working Class Hero: The Definitive Lennon Power to the People: The Hits Icon

Box sets

Lennon John Lennon
John Lennon
Anthology John Lennon
John Lennon
Signature Box Gimme Some Truth

Books

In His Own Write A Spaniard in the Works Skywriting by Word of Mouth

Films

Beatles
Beatles
films Erection (1971) Sweet Toronto (1971) Imagine
Imagine
(1972) John and Yoko: A Love Story (1985) Imagine: John Lennon
John Lennon
(1988) Two of Us (2000) In His Life: The John Lennon
John Lennon
Story (2000) The U.S. vs. John Lennon
John Lennon
(2006) The Killing of John Lennon
John Lennon
(2006) Chapter 27
Chapter 27
(2007) I Met the Walrus
I Met the Walrus
(2007) Nowhere Boy
Nowhere Boy
(2009) Lennon Naked (2010) LennoNYC (2010)

Family

Cynthia Lennon
Cynthia Lennon
(first wife) Julian Lennon
Julian Lennon
(son) Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
(second wife) Sean Lennon
Sean Lennon
(son) Alfred Lennon
Alfred Lennon
(father) Julia Lennon
Julia Lennon
(mother) Julia Baird
Julia Baird
(half-sister) Mimi Smith
Mimi Smith
(aunt) George Smith (marital uncle)

Related

People/artists

The Quarrymen The Beatles Plastic Ono Band David Peel The Lower East Side Band The Dirty Mac May Pang Harry Nilsson John Sinclair Rosaura Lopez

Albums

The Pope Smokes Dope Pussy Cats Roots: John Lennon
John Lennon
Sings the Great Rock & Roll Hits A Toot and a Snore in '74 Imagine: John Lennon Working Class Hero: A Tribute to John Lennon S.I.R. John Winston Ono Lennon The U.S. vs. John Lennon Instant Karma: The Amnesty International Campaign to Save Darfur The 30th Annual John Lennon
John Lennon
Tribute: Live from the Beacon Theatre, NYC Lennon Bermuda

Songs

"That's My Life (My Love And My Home)" "The Immigrant" "All Those Years Ago" "Empty Garden (Hey Hey Johnny)" "Here Today" " Life Is Real
Life Is Real
(Song for Lennon)" "Roll On John" "The Late Great Johnny Ace" "Working Class Hero"

Other media

Lennon Remembers Marx & Lennon: The Parallel Sayings The Lost Lennon Tapes Toronto Rock and Roll Revival Come Together: A Night for John Lennon's Words and Music (concert) Lennon (musical) Lennon Legend: The Very Best of John Lennon
John Lennon
(DVD) The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus

Articles

Death 251 Menlove Avenue Bagism Bed-In The Beatles
The Beatles
discography Nutopia Lennon–McCartney Liverpool
Liverpool
John Lennon
John Lennon
Airport More popular than Jesus John Lennon
John Lennon
Museum John Lennon's musical instruments The Dakota Strawberry Fields John Lennon
John Lennon
Park John Lennon
John Lennon
Peace
Peace
Monument Imagine
Imagine
Peace
Peace
Tower LennonOno Grant for Peace Lennon Wall

Book Category

v t e

Plastic Ono Band

John Lennon Yoko Ono

Members 1969–1974

Eric Clapton Klaus Voormann Alan White Ringo Starr Delaney Bramlett Bonnie Bramlett Jim Gordon George Harrison Nicky Hopkins Bobby Keys Keith Moon Billy Preston Jim Price Hugh McCracken Stuart Scharf David Spinozza Kenneth Ascher Michael Brecker Arthur Jenkins David Friedman Pete Kleinow Don Brooks Jeremy Steig Jesse Ed Davis Eddie Mottau

Members 2009–present

Sean Lennon Cornelius Yuka Honda Michael Leonhart Erik Friedlander

Albums

Live Peace
Peace
in Toronto 1969 John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band Some Time in New York City Approximately Infinite Universe Feeling the Space Mind Games Walls and Bridges Shaved Fish Live in New York City Don't Stop Me! Between My Head and the Sky The Flaming Lips
The Flaming Lips
with Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band Take Me to the Land of Hell

Singles

"Give Peace
Peace
a Chance" "Cold Turkey" "Instant Karma!" "Mother "Power to the People "Happy Xmas (War Is Over)" "Woman Is the Nigger of the World" "Now or Never" "Death of Samantha" "Mind Games" "Whatever Gets You thru the Night" "#9 Dream

Related articles

List of Plastic Ono Band
Plastic Ono Band
lineups Elephant's Memory The Dirty Mac Toronto Rock and Roll Revival

Category

v t e

People associated with the Beatles

Personnel

Neil Aspinall Dave Dexter Jr. Geoff Emerick Mal Evans Glyn Johns Bert Kaempfert Freda Kelly Jeff Lynne Magic Alex Ken Mansfield George Martin Giles Martin Phil McDonald Ken Scott Norman Smith Phil Spector Alistair Taylor Chris Thomas Ken Townsend Peter Vince

Businessmen

Peter Bennett Sid Bernstein Al Brodax Peter Brown Lee Eastman Brian Epstein David Geffen Dick James Allen Klein Joseph Lockwood Larry Parnes Allan Williams

Musicians

Eric Clapton The Dirty Mac Donovan Bob Dylan Johnny Gentle Nicky Hopkins Johnny Hutchinson Mick Jagger Brian Jones Jim Keltner David Mason Tommy Moore Chas Newby Jimmie Nicol Harry Nilsson Peter and Gordon Plastic Ono Band Billy Preston Ronnie Scott Ravi Shankar Tony Sheridan Rory Storm
Rory Storm
and the Hurricanes Andy White

Writers

Tony Barrow Alan Clayson Ray Coleman Ray Connolly Hunter Davies Peter Doggett Walter Everett Larry Kane Mark Lewisohn Ian MacDonald Philip Norman Alan W. Pollack Nicholas Schaffner Bruce Spizer Derek Taylor

Girlfriends / wives

Nancy Lee Andrews Jane Asher Barbara Bach Pattie Boyd Olivia Harrison Astrid Kirchherr Cynthia Lennon Linda McCartney Heather Mills Yoko Ono Francie Schwartz Maureen Starkey

Parents / guardians

Mona Best Alfred Lennon Julia Lennon Jim and Mary McCartney George Smith Mimi Smith

Others

Tony Anthony Peter Blake George Dunning Horst Fascher The Fool Robert Freeman Bill Harry Jann Haworth Michael Lindsay-Hogg Alejandro Jodorowsky Bruno Koschmider Richard Lester Ruth McCartney Murray the K Ed Sullivan Saul Swimmer Ivan Vaughan Jürgen Vollmer Klaus Voormann Lord Woodbine Bob Wooler David Wynne Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Roby Yonge

v t e

Grammy Award for Album of the Year

1959–1979

The Music from Peter Gunn
The Music from Peter Gunn
Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(1959) Come Dance with Me! – Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1960) The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
(1961) Judy at Carnegie Hall
Carnegie Hall
Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) The First Family – Vaughn Meader
Vaughn Meader
(1963) The Barbra Streisand Album
The Barbra Streisand Album
Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1964) Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
– Stan Getz, João Gilberto
João Gilberto
(1965) September of My Years Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1966) A Man and His Music Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1967) Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
The Beatles
The Beatles
(1968) By the Time I Get to Phoenix – Glen Campbell
Glen Campbell
(1969) Blood, Sweat & Tears – Blood, Sweat & Tears (1970) Bridge over Troubled Water
Bridge over Troubled Water
– Simon & Garfunkel (1971) Tapestry – Carole King
Carole King
(1972) The Concert for Bangladesh – Various (1973) Innervisions
Innervisions
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1974) Fulfillingness' First Finale
Fulfillingness' First Finale
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1975) Still Crazy After All These Years
Still Crazy After All These Years
Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1976) Songs in the Key of Life
Songs in the Key of Life
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1977) Rumours – Fleetwood Mac
Fleetwood Mac
(1978) Saturday Night Fever – Bee Gees/Various (1979)

1980–2000

52nd Street – Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(1980) Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(1981) Double Fantasy
Double Fantasy
John Lennon
John Lennon
and Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
(1982) Toto IV
Toto IV
– Toto (1983) Thriller – Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
(1984) Can't Slow Down – Lionel Richie
Lionel Richie
(1985) No Jacket Required
No Jacket Required
Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1986) Graceland – Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1987) The Joshua Tree
The Joshua Tree
– U2 (1988) Faith – George Michael
George Michael
(1989) Nick of Time – Bonnie Raitt
Bonnie Raitt
(1990) Back on the Block
Back on the Block
Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
and various artists (1991) Unforgettable... with Love Natalie Cole
Natalie Cole
(1992) Unplugged – Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1993) The Bodyguard – Whitney Houston
Whitney Houston
(1994) MTV Unplugged – Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(1995) Jagged Little Pill
Jagged Little Pill
Alanis Morissette
Alanis Morissette
(1996) Falling into You
Falling into You
Celine Dion
Celine Dion
(1997) Time Out of Mind – Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(1998) The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill
The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
(1999) Supernatural – Santana (2000)

2001–present

Two Against Nature
Two Against Nature
Steely Dan
Steely Dan
(2001) O Brother, Where Art Thou? Soundtrack (2002) Come Away with Me
Come Away with Me
Norah Jones
Norah Jones
(2003) Speakerboxxx/The Love Below
Speakerboxxx/The Love Below
Outkast
Outkast
(2004) Genius Loves Company
Genius Loves Company
Ray Charles
Ray Charles
and various artists (2005) How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
– U2 (2006) Taking the Long Way
Taking the Long Way
Dixie Chicks
Dixie Chicks
(2007) River: The Joni Letters – Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(2008) Raising Sand
Raising Sand
Robert Plant
Robert Plant
& Alison Krauss
Alison Krauss
(2009) Fearless – Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
(2010) The Suburbs
The Suburbs
Arcade Fire
Arcade Fire
(2011) 21 – Adele
Adele
(2012) Babel – Mumford & Sons (2013) Random Access Memories
Random Access Memories
Daft Punk
Daft Punk
(2014) Morning Phase
Morning Phase
Beck
Beck
(2015) 1989 – Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
(2016) 25 – Adele
Adele
(2017) 24K Magic – Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
(2018)

v t e

Feminist art
Feminist art
movement in the United States

Feminist art Feminist art
Feminist art
movement Women artists

Precursors

American Association of University Women
American Association of University Women
(1881) National Association of Women Artists (1889) New York School of Applied Design for Women
New York School of Applied Design for Women
(1892)

Venues or organizations

A.I.R. Gallery Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art (Brooklyn Museum) Hera Gallery Lesbian Art Project National Museum of Women in the Arts New York Feminist Art Institute SOHO20 Gallery tArt Collective Woman's Building Women's Art Resources of Minnesota

Exhibitions or installations

Womanhouse
Womanhouse
(1972) Three Weeks in May (1977) The Sister Chapel (1978-80) WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution
WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution
(2007)

Films or documentaries

!Women Art Revolution

Publications

Heresies: A Feminist Publication on Art and Politics (1977–1992) The Feminist Art Journal (1972–1977)

Groups

subRosa Guerrilla Girls The Waitresses Women's Caucus for Art Where We At

Lists

List of feminist artists Women in the art history field

Feminist movements and ideologies

v t e

Fluxus

Fluxus
Fluxus
artists

Genpei Akasegawa Eric Andersen Ay-O Joseph Beuys George Brecht Philip Corner Robert Filliou Ken Friedman Al Hansen Geoffrey Hendricks Dick Higgins Joe Jones Milan Knížák Alison Knowles Shigeko Kubota George Maciunas Larry Miller Yoko Ono Nam June Paik Ben Patterson Takako Saito Tomas Schmit Mieko Shiomi Ben Vautier Wolf Vostell Robert Watts Emmett Williams La Monte Young

Related artists and musicians

John Cage John Cale Henry Flynt Ray Johnson Richard Maxfield Charlotte Moorman Dieter Roth Carolee Schneemann

Flux-works

Topographie Anécdotée du Hasard Poème symphonique Water Yam Grapefruit Fluxus
Fluxus
1 Spice Chess

Related articles

Anti-art Conceptual art Fluxus
Fluxus
at Rutgers University Intermedia Neo-Dada Something Else Press

Critics and historians

Hannah Higgins

v t e

Performance art

Work

7000 Oaks
7000 Oaks
(1982) Breathing in/breathing out (1977) Body Pressure (1974) Ceci N'est Pas Un Viol
Ceci N'est Pas Un Viol
(2015) Couple in The Cage: Two Undiscovered Amerindians Visit the West (1992–93) Cut Piece
Cut Piece
(1964) How to Explain Pictures to a Dead Hare (1965) I'm too sad to tell you (1970–71) Interior Semiotics (2010) Luminosity (1997) Mattress Performance (Carry That Weight)
Mattress Performance (Carry That Weight)
(2014–2015) One & Other (2009) Rest Energy (1980) Rhythm 10
Rhythm 10
(1973) Rhythm 5
Rhythm 5
(1974) Rhythm 2
Rhythm 2
(1974) Rhythm 0 (1974) Seedbed (1972) Seven Easy Pieces (2005) Three Weeks in May (1977) Untitled (Rape Scene) (1973) The Artist Is Present (2010)

Artists

Marina Abramović Vito Acconci Bas Jan Ader Francis Alys Laurie Anderson Eleanor Antin Janine Antoni David Askevold Mireille Astore Ron Athey Franko B Matthew Barney Rebecca Belmore Joseph Beuys David Blaine Stuart Brisley Günter Brus Nancy Buchanan Chris Burden Sophie Calle Papo Colo Houston Conwill Valie Export Bob Flanagan Terry Fox Coco Fusco Guillermo Gómez-Peña Alex Grey Cai Guo-Qiang Ann Hamilton David Hammons Jo Hanson Newton Harrison Sharon Hayes Lynn Hershman Rebecca Horn Tehching Hsieh Zhang Huan Natalie Jeremijenko Joan Jonas Allan Kaprow Andy Kaufman Ragnar Kjartansson Yves Klein Terence Koh Paul Kos Yayoi Kusama Miriam Syowia Kyambi Suzanne Lacy James Luna Jill Magid Ann Magnuson Christian Marclay Eric Millikin Marta Minujín Milo Moiré Kent Monkman Linda Montano Frank Moore Charlotte Moorman Bruce Nauman Shirin Neshat Pat Oleszko Pauline Oliveros Yoko Ono Eiko Otaki Nam June Paik Gina Pane Mark Pauline Jim Pomeroy Duke Riley Rachel Rosenthal Martha Rosler Carolee Schneemann Tino Sehgal Bonnie Sherk Barbara T. Smith Michael Smith Stelarc Wolfgang Stoerchle Rirkrit Tiravanija Mierle Laderman Ukeles Ulay Wolf Vostell Robert Whitman Hannah Wilke

Groups

Ant Farm Fallen Fruit General Idea LaBeouf, Rönkkö & Turner Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Urban Rangers Mavo The Yes Men

Media

Mondo New York
Mondo New York
(1988 film)

Other

Body art Endurance art Feminist art Happening Hunger artist monochrom Participatory art Performance art
Performance art
in China Survival Research Laboratories Viennese Actionism

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 111076257 LCCN: n50001903 ISNI: 0000 0001 2147 8060 GND: 118590049 SELIBR: 268487 SUDOC: 028603168 BNF: cb120405568 (data) ULAN: 500115959 MusicBrainz: b0b33754-a664-43b7-ba00-be0dc4ec2396 NDL: 00472538 NKC: jn20010525083 BNE: XX1053543 RKD: 230351 SNAC: w63x8f8

.