HOME
TheInfoList



Gauteng ( ; tn, Gauteng; Northern and Southern Sotho: ''Gauteng''; zu, eGoli; Tsonga: ''Gauteng/eXilungwini;''
Ndebele Ndebele may refer to: *Southern Ndebele people, located in South Africa *Northern Ndebele people, located in Zimbabwe and Botswana About It is a language that stems from the South African Zulu language. With very similar clicking sounds between th ...
, xh, iRhawuti; nr, I-Gauteng; ve, Gauteng) is one of the nine
provinces of South Africa South Africa is divided into nine provinces. On the eve of the 1994 general election, South Africa's former homelands, also known as Bantustans, were reintegrated and the four existing provinces were divided into nine. The twelfth, thirteenth and ...
. The name in
Sotho-Tswana languages The Sotho-Tswana peoples are a meta-ethnicity of southern Africa and live predominantly in Botswana, South Africa, Lesotho. The group mainly consists of four clasters; Southern Sotho (Sotho), Northern Sotho (which consists of the Pedi, the Lo ...
means "place of gold". Situated on the
Highveld The Highveld (Afrikaans: ''Hoëveld'', where ''veld'' means "field") is the portion of the South African inland plateau which has an altitude above roughly 1500 m, but below 2100 m, thus excluding the Lesotho mountain regions to the south-east of t ...
, Gauteng is the smallest province in South Africa. Though Gauteng accounts for only 1.5% of the country's land area, it is home to more than a quarter of its population. Highly urbanised, the province contains the country's largest city,
Johannesburg Johannesburg ( , also ; ; Zulu and xh, eGoli), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in South Africa, classified as a megacity, and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world. It is the provinci ...

Johannesburg
, its administrative capital,
Pretoria Pretoria (; zu, ePitoli) is one of South Africa’s three capital cities, serving as the seat of the executive branch of government, and as the host to all foreign embassies to South Africa. (Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontei ...
, and other large areas such as
Midrand Midrand is an area in central Gauteng Province, South Africa. It is situated in-between Centurion and Sandton and forms part of the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality. History Midrand was established as a municipality in 1981 (in an a ...
and
Vanderbijlpark Vanderbijlpark is an industrial city with approximately 75 000 inhabitants, and 95 000 inhabitants in the metropole, situated on the Vaal River in the south of Gauteng province, South Africa. The city is named after Hendrik van der Bijl, an elec ...
. , Gauteng is the most populous province in South Africa with a population of approximately 15 million people according to estimates.


Etymology

The name ''Gauteng'' is derived from the Sotho-Tswana name, meaning "gold". There was a thriving gold industry in the province following the 1886 discovery of gold in Johannesburg. In
Setswana The Tswana language () is a Bantu language spoken in Southern Africa by about 8,2 million people. It is a Bantu language belonging to the Niger–Congo language family within the Sotho-Tswana branch of Zone S (S.30), and is closely related to ...
, the name was used for Johannesburg and surrounding areas long before it was adopted in 1994 as the official name of a province.


History

Gauteng was formed from part of the old
Transvaal Province The Province of the Transvaal ( af, Provinsie Transvaal), commonly referred to as the Transvaal (; ), was a province of South Africa from 1910 until 1994, when a new constitution subdivided it following the end of apartheid. The name "Transvaal" r ...
after South Africa's first multiracial elections on 27 April 1994. It was initially named
Pretoria Pretoria (; zu, ePitoli) is one of South Africa’s three capital cities, serving as the seat of the executive branch of government, and as the host to all foreign embassies to South Africa. (Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontei ...
Witwatersrand The Witwatersrand () (locally the Rand or, less commonly, the Reef) is a , north-facing scarp in South Africa. It consists of a hard, erosion-resistant quartzite metamorphic rock, over which several north-flowing rivers form waterfalls, which acc ...
Vereeniging Vereeniging () is a city located in the south of Gauteng province, South Africa, situated where the Klip River empties into the northern loop of the Vaal River. It is also one of the constituent parts of the Vaal Triangle region and was formerly sit ...
(PWV) and was renamed "Gauteng" in December 1994. The term "PWV", describing the region existed long before the establishment of the province, with the "V" sometimes standing for "
Vaal Triangle The Vaal Triangle is a triangular area formed by Vereeniging, Vanderbijlpark and Sasolburg about 60km south of Johannesburg, South Africa. The area forms a substantial urban complex. Meyerton, just north of Vereeniging, is also generally included ...

Vaal Triangle
" rather than Vereeniging. Gauteng's history has only been properly documented since the 19th century and as a result, not much information regarding its history predating the 19th century is available. At the
Sterkfontein Archaeologists in a structure above the entrance to Sterkfontein Sterkfontein (Afrikaans for ''Strong Spring'') is a set of limestone caves of special interest to paleo-anthropologists located in Gauteng province, about northwest of Johannesburg, ...
caves, some of the oldest fossils of hominids have been discovered, such as Mrs. Ples and
Little Foot "Little Foot" (Stw 573) is the nickname given to a nearly complete Australopithecus fossil skeleton found in 1994–1998 in the cave system of Sterkfontein, South Africa. Originally nicknamed "little foot" in 1995 when four ankle bones in a museu ...
. The recorded history of the area that is now Gauteng can be traced back to the early 19th century when settlers originating from the
Cape Colony The Cape Colony ( nl, Kaapkolonie), also known as the Cape of Good Hope, was a British colony in present-day South Africa named after the Cape of Good Hope. The British colony was preceded by an earlier Corporate colony that became a Dutch col ...
defeated chief
Mzilikazi Mzilikazi Khumalo ( 1790 – 9 September 1868) was a Southern African king who founded the Mthwakazi Kingdom now known as Matebeleland, in what became British South Africa Company-ruled Rhodesia and is now Zimbabwe. His name means "the great road" ...
and started establishing villages in the area. The city of Pretoria was founded in
1855 Events January–March * January 1 – Ottawa, Ontario is incorporated as a city. * January 5 – Ramón Castilla begins his third term as President of Peru. * January 23 ** The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in mo ...
as capital of the
South African Republic The South African Republic ( nl, Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek; the ZAR; also known as the Transvaal Republic, af, Suid-Afrikaanse Republiek) was an independent and internationally recognised state in what is now South Africa, from 1852 to 1902. ...
(ZAR - nl, Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek). After the discovery of gold in 1886, the region became the single largest gold producer in the world and the city of Johannesburg was founded. The older city Pretoria was not subject to the same attention and development. Pretoria grew at a slower rate and was highly regarded due to its role in the
Second Boer War The Second Boer War (11 October 189931 May 1902), also known as the Boer War, Anglo-Boer War, or South African War, was fought between the British Empire and two independent Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and th ...
. The
Cullinan Diamond The Cullinan Diamond was the largest gem-quality rough diamond ever found,Scarratt and Shor, p. 120. weighing , discovered at the Premier No.2 mine in Cullinan, South Africa, on 26 January 1905. It was named after Thomas Cullinan, the mine's ch ...
which is the largest diamond ever mined was mined near Pretoria in a nearby town called Cullinan in the year 1905. Many crucial events happened in present-day Gauteng with regards to the anti-
apartheid Apartheid (South African English: ; , segregation; lit. "aparthood") was a system of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa and South West Africa (now Namibia) from 1948 until the early 1990s. Apartheid wa ...
struggle, such as the
Freedom Charter The Freedom Charter was the statement of core principles of the South African Congress Alliance, which consisted of the African National Congress (ANC) and its allies: the South African Indian Congress, the South African Congress of Democrats an ...
of 1955, Women's March of 1956,
Sharpeville massacre#REDIRECT Sharpeville massacre {{R from other capitalisation ...
of 1960, the
Rivonia Trial The Rivonia Trial took place in South Africa between 9 October 1963 and 12 June 1964. The Rivonia Trial led to the imprisonment of Nelson Mandela and the others among the accused who were convicted of sabotage and sentenced to life at the Palace ...
in 1963 and 1964 and the
Soweto Uprising The Soweto uprising was a series of demonstrations and protests led by black school children in South Africa that began on the morning of 16 June 1976. Students from numerous Sowetan schools began to protest in the streets of Soweto in response ...
of 1976. Today, the
Apartheid Museum The Apartheid Museum is a museum in Johannesburg, South Africa illustrating apartheid and the 20th century history of South Africa. The museum, part of the Gold Reef City complex, was opened in November 2001. At least five times a year events are h ...
stands testament to these struggles in Johannesburg.


Law and government

Gauteng is governed by the
Gauteng Provincial Legislature The Gauteng Provincial Legislature is the legislature of the South African province of Gauteng. It is a unicameral body of 73 members elected every five years. The current legislature, the sixth, was elected on 8 May 2019 and has an African Nationa ...
, a 73-person
unicameral In government, unicameralism (Latin , "one" and , "chamber") is the practice of having a single legislative or parliamentary chamber. Thus, a ''unicameral parliament'' or ''unicameral legislature'' is a legislature which consists of one chamber or ...
legislature elected by
party-list proportional representation Poster for the European Parliament election 2004 in Italy, showing party lists Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems emphasizing proportional representation in elections in which multiple candidates are electe ...
. The legislature elects one of its members as
Premier of Gauteng The Premier of Gauteng is the head of government of the Gauteng province of South Africa. The current Premier of Gauteng is David Makhura, a member of the African National Congress, who was elected in the 2014 election. He took office on 21 May 20 ...
to lead the executive, and the Premier appoints an Executive Council of up to 10 members of the legislature to serve as heads of the various government departments. The provincial government is responsible for the topics allocated to it in the national constitution, including such fields as basic education, health, housing, social services, agriculture and environmental protection. The most recent election of the provincial legislature was held on 8 May 2019, and the
African National Congress The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing political party. It has been the ruling party of post-apartheid South Africa since the election of Nelson Mandela in the 1994 election, winning every election si ...
(ANC) won 50.19% of the vote and a 37-seat majority in the legislature. The official opposition is the
Democratic AllianceDemocratic Alliance may refer to: Current political parties *Democratic Alliance (South Africa) *DEMOS (Montenegro) *Democratic Alliance (Hong Kong) *Democratic Alliance (Ukraine) *Democratic Alliance List *Democratic Alliance Party (Haiti) *Singap ...
, which won 27.45% of the vote and 20 seats. Other parties represented are the
Economic Freedom Fighters The Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) is a South African left-wing to far-left pan-Africanist political party. It was founded by expelled former African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL) President Julius Malema, and his allies, in 2013. Malem ...
with eleven seats and the Freedom Front Plus with three seats. The Inkatha Freedom Party and African Christian Democratic Party hold one seat each. Premier David Makhura of the ANC was re-elected as premier on 22 May 2019, at the first meeting of the legislature after the general election. The Gauteng Division of the High Court of South Africa, which has seats in Pretoria and Johannesburg, is a superior court with general jurisdiction over the province. Johannesburg is also home to the Constitutional Court of South Africa, Constitutional Court, South Africa's highest court, and to a branch of the Labour Court of South Africa, Labour Court and Labour Appeal Court of South Africa, Labour Appeal Court.


Geography

Gauteng's southern border is the Vaal River, which separates it from the Free State (province), Free State. It also borders on North West Province (South Africa), North West to the west, Limpopo Province, Limpopo to the north, and Mpumalanga Province, Mpumalanga to the east. Gauteng is the only landlocked province of South Africa without a foreign border. Most of Gauteng is on the
Highveld The Highveld (Afrikaans: ''Hoëveld'', where ''veld'' means "field") is the portion of the South African inland plateau which has an altitude above roughly 1500 m, but below 2100 m, thus excluding the Lesotho mountain regions to the south-east of t ...
, a high-altitude grassland (circa above sea level). Between
Johannesburg Johannesburg ( , also ; ; Zulu and xh, eGoli), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in South Africa, classified as a megacity, and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world. It is the provinci ...

Johannesburg
and
Pretoria Pretoria (; zu, ePitoli) is one of South Africa’s three capital cities, serving as the seat of the executive branch of government, and as the host to all foreign embassies to South Africa. (Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontei ...
, there are low parallel ridges and undulating hills, some part of the Magaliesberg Mountains and the
Witwatersrand The Witwatersrand () (locally the Rand or, less commonly, the Reef) is a , north-facing scarp in South Africa. It consists of a hard, erosion-resistant quartzite metamorphic rock, over which several north-flowing rivers form waterfalls, which acc ...
. The north of the province is more Subtropics, subtropical, due to its lower altitude and is mostly dry savanna habitat.


Witwatersrand area

In the southern half of Gauteng, the Witwatersrand area is an older term describing a 120 km wide oblong-shaped conurbation from Randfontein in the West to Nigel, Gauteng, Nigel in the East, named after the
Witwatersrand The Witwatersrand () (locally the Rand or, less commonly, the Reef) is a , north-facing scarp in South Africa. It consists of a hard, erosion-resistant quartzite metamorphic rock, over which several north-flowing rivers form waterfalls, which acc ...
, a geologically and economically important series of low ridges and their associated plateau that greater Johannesburg developed on. This area is also often referred to simply as "Witwatersrand", "the Rand" or "the Reef" (archaic, after the gold reefs that precipitated the development of the area), and was the "W" in ''PWV'', the initial name for Gauteng. It has traditionally been divided into the three areas of East Rand (governed by the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality), Central Rand (approximately today's City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality, Johannesburg Municipality) and West Rand.


Climate

The climate is mostly influenced by altitude. Even though the province is at a Subtropics, subtropical latitude, the climate is comparatively cooler, especially in
Johannesburg Johannesburg ( , also ; ; Zulu and xh, eGoli), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in South Africa, classified as a megacity, and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world. It is the provinci ...

Johannesburg
, at above sea level (
Pretoria Pretoria (; zu, ePitoli) is one of South Africa’s three capital cities, serving as the seat of the executive branch of government, and as the host to all foreign embassies to South Africa. (Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontei ...
is at ). Most precipitation occurs as brief afternoon thunderstorms; however, relative humidity never becomes uncomfortable. Winters are crisp and dry with frost occurring often in the southern areas. Snow is rare, but it has occurred on some occasions in the
Johannesburg Johannesburg ( , also ; ; Zulu and xh, eGoli), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in South Africa, classified as a megacity, and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world. It is the provinci ...

Johannesburg
metropolitan area.  


Cities and towns

* Alberton, Gauteng, Alberton * Alexandra, Gauteng, Alexandra * Benoni, Gauteng, Benoni * Boksburg * Bronkhorstspruit * Brakpan * Carletonville * Centurion, Gauteng, Centurion * Cullinan * Edenvale, Gauteng, Edenvale * Ga-Rankuwa * Germiston * Hammanskraal * Heidelberg, Gauteng, Heidelberg *
Johannesburg Johannesburg ( , also ; ; Zulu and xh, eGoli), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in South Africa, classified as a megacity, and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world. It is the provinci ...

Johannesburg
* Kempton Park, Gauteng, Kempton Park * Krugersdorp * Mabopane * Magaliesburg * Meyerton, Gauteng, Meyerton *
Midrand Midrand is an area in central Gauteng Province, South Africa. It is situated in-between Centurion and Sandton and forms part of the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality. History Midrand was established as a municipality in 1981 (in an a ...
* Nigel, Gauteng, Nigel * Parkhurst, Gauteng, Parkhurst *
Pretoria Pretoria (; zu, ePitoli) is one of South Africa’s three capital cities, serving as the seat of the executive branch of government, and as the host to all foreign embassies to South Africa. (Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontei ...
* Randburg * Roodepoort * Rosebank, Gauteng, Rosebank * Sandton * Soweto * Springs, Gauteng, Springs * Tembisa *
Vanderbijlpark Vanderbijlpark is an industrial city with approximately 75 000 inhabitants, and 95 000 inhabitants in the metropole, situated on the Vaal River in the south of Gauteng province, South Africa. The city is named after Hendrik van der Bijl, an elec ...
*
Vereeniging Vereeniging () is a city located in the south of Gauteng province, South Africa, situated where the Klip River empties into the northern loop of the Vaal River. It is also one of the constituent parts of the Vaal Triangle region and was formerly sit ...


Administrative divisions

The Gauteng Province (as of May 2011) is divided into three metropolitan municipality (South Africa), metropolitan municipalities and two district municipality (South Africa), district municipalities. The district municipalities are in turn divided into six local municipality (South Africa), local municipalities:


District municipalities

* Sedibeng District Municipality, Sedibeng District ** Emfuleni Local Municipality, Emfuleni ** Lesedi Local Municipality, Lesedi ** Midvaal Local Municipality, Midvaal * West Rand District Municipality, West Rand District ** Merafong City Local Municipality, Merafong City ** Mogale City Local Municipality, Mogale City ** Rand West City Local Municipality, Rand West City


Metropolitan municipalities

* City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality, Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality (
Pretoria Pretoria (; zu, ePitoli) is one of South Africa’s three capital cities, serving as the seat of the executive branch of government, and as the host to all foreign embassies to South Africa. (Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontei ...
) * City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality, Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality * City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality The former Metsweding District Municipality, Metsweding district consisting of Nokeng Tsa Taemane Local Municipality, Nokeng Tsa Taemane and Kungwini Local Municipality, Kungwini in the North of the province was incorporated into Tshwane in 2011.


Demographics

Gauteng Province is home to 15.7 million (2019 Stats SA Mid-year estimates), with 25.8% of the total South African population. Gauteng Province is also the fastest growing province, experiencing a population growth of over 33% between the South African National Census of 1996, 1996 and 2011 censuses, thus Gauteng now has the largest population of any province in South Africa, though the smallest area. As of the census of 2011, there are 12,272,263 people and 3,909,022 households residing in Gauteng. The population density is 680/km². The density of households is 155.86/km². About 22.1% of all households are made up of individuals. The average household size is 3.33. The province's age distribution was 23.6% under the age of 15, 19.6% from 15 to 24, 37.9% from 25 to 44, 15.0% from 45 to 64, and 4.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 27 years. For every 100 females there are 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 102.3 males. In the province, 14.4% of residents speak Afrikaans at home, 12.5% speak English, 1.5% speak Southern Ndebele language, IsiNdebele, 6.3% speak IsiXhosa, 19.5% speak IsiZulu, 10.7% speak Sepedi, 13.1% speak Sesotho, 11.4% speak Setswana, 1.2% speak SiSwati, 3.2% speak Tshivenda, and 4.1% speak Xitsonga. 2.0% of the population speaks a non-official language at home. 76.0% of residents are Christian, 18.4% have Atheism, no religion, 1.7% are Muslim, 0.5% are Jewish, and 0.8% are Hinduism, Hindu. 2.6% have other or undetermined beliefs. 8.4% of residents aged 20 and over have received no schooling, 11.2% have had some primary, 5.5% have completed only primary school, 34.3% have had some high education, 28.0% have finished only high school, and 12.6% have an education higher than the high school level. Overall, 40.6% of residents have completed high school. 56.1% of housing units have a telephone and/or mobile phone in the dwelling, 41.5% have access to a phone nearby, and 2.3% have access that is not nearby or no access. 82.8% of households have a flush or chemical toilet. 84.2% have refuse removed by the municipality at least once a week and 2.6% have no rubbish disposal. 47.2% have Tap water, running water inside their dwelling, 83.6% have running water on their property, and 97.5% have access to running water. 73.2% of households use electricity for cooking, 70.4% for heating, and 80.8% for lighting. 77.4% of households have a radio, 65.7% have a television, 15.1% own a computer, 62.1% have a refrigerator, and 45.1% have a mobile phone. 25.8% of the population aged 15–65 is unemployed. The median annual income of working adults aged 15–65 is R 23 539 ($3,483). Males have a median annual income of R 24 977 ($3,696) versus R 20 838 ($3,083) for females.


Life expectancy

Gauteng is the province with the second highest life expectancy in the country in 2019 with females having a life expectancy of 69 years and males having a life expectancy of 64 years. At birth, life expectancy for 2013 is approximated at 57 years and 61 years for males and females respectively.
/ref> This marks an improvement of a whole year in the life expectancy of South Africans as a whole.


Urban conurbation, The Gauteng City Region (GCR)

Previously described as the , the urban conurbation of Gauteng, referred to as the Gauteng City Region,http://www.gcro.ac.za/ contains the major urban populations of
Johannesburg Johannesburg ( , also ; ; Zulu and xh, eGoli), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in South Africa, classified as a megacity, and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world. It is the provinci ...

Johannesburg
(7,860,781 ),
Pretoria Pretoria (; zu, ePitoli) is one of South Africa’s three capital cities, serving as the seat of the executive branch of government, and as the host to all foreign embassies to South Africa. (Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontei ...
(1,763,336),
Vereeniging Vereeniging () is a city located in the south of Gauteng province, South Africa, situated where the Klip River empties into the northern loop of the Vaal River. It is also one of the constituent parts of the Vaal Triangle region and was formerly sit ...
(377,922), Evaton (605,504) and Soshanguve (728,063), coming to an urban population of over 11 million. Thomas Brinkhoff lists a "Consolidated Urban Area" in Gauteng as having a population of 13.1 million . The future governmental plans for the region indicate the gradual urbanisation and consolidation towards the creation of a megalopolis that connects these metros.


The Gauteng City Region Observatory (GCRO)

The GCRO is a collaboration between the Universities of Johannesburg and Witwatersrand, the city of Johannesburg, Gauteng Provincial Government, and SALGA-Gauteng. The GCRO's purpose is to collect information and create a database on the Gauteng City Region to provide to Government, Lawmakers and civil society an informed understanding of the fastest urbanizing region in Southern Africa.


Economy

Gauteng is considered the Economic system, economic hub of South Africa and contributes heavily in the financial, manufacturing, transport, technology, and telecommunications sectors, among others. It also plays host to a large number of overseas companies requiring a commercial base in and gateway to Africa. Gauteng is home to the JSE Securities Exchange, Johannesburg Stock Exchange, the largest stock exchange in Africa. Some of the largest companies in Africa and abroad are based in Gauteng, or have offices and branches there, such as Vodacom, MTN Group, MTN, Neotel, Microsoft, Microsoft South Africa and the largest Porsche Centre in the world. Although Gauteng is the smallest of South Africa's nine provinces—it covers a mere 1.5% of the country's total land area, the province is responsible for a third of South Africa's gross domestic product (GDP). Gauteng generates about 10% of the total GDP of sub-Saharan Africa and about 7% of total African GDP.


Transport

South African National Roads Agency, SANRAL, a parastatal, is responsible for the maintenance, development and management of all National Roads of South Africa, national road networks in South Africa. SANRAL is responsible for instituting the Gauteng Freeway Improvement Project, which was met with a lot of opposition due to the tolling of Gauteng motorists. Many important national routes (South Africa), national routes run through Gauteng such as the N1 road (South Africa), N1, N3 road (South Africa), N3, N4 road (South Africa), N4, N12 road (South Africa), N12, N14 road (South Africa), N14 and the N17 road (South Africa), N17. Johannesburg is quite dependent on Johannesburg freeways, freeways for transport in and around the city. The R21 (Gauteng), R21, R24 (Gauteng), R24, R59 (South Africa), R59, M1 (Johannesburg), M1 and M2 (Johannesburg), M2 all run through Johannesburg while the R80 (South Africa), R80 connects Pretoria Central to Soshanguve. The Gauteng Freeway Improvement Project led to a large decrease in traffic congestion when construction finished 2011–2012. Cape Town, for the first time in decades, is now the most congested city in South Africa. PUTCO, the largest commuter bus operator in South Africa, services the Gauteng area extensively. The bus rapid transit system Rea Vaya also serves to transport people from Johannesburg's southern neighbourhoods into and around the Central business district, CBD. In an interview, Parks Tau stated that by the year 2040, Johannesburg will be dominated by pedestrians and public transport as opposed to the use of private transport or informal transport, such as minibus taxis. Gautrain and Metrorail Gauteng, Metrorail both service the province's public transport sector where trains are concerned and Gautrain offers a bus service that transports commuters to and from various train stations and predetermined bus stops. Metrorail trains are considered one of the most cost-effective methods of transportation in and around Gauteng. The OR Tambo International Airport, Rand Airport, Lanseria International Airport, Wonderboom Airport and Grand Central Airport are located in Gauteng. There is a large informal transport sector in Gauteng, consisting of thousands of minibus taxis, which many of the urban and rural population makes use of. However, it is noted that taxis are often unsafe as their drivers ignore the rules of the road and the vehicles are often not Roadworthiness, roadworthy. The City of Johannesburg stated that: "major initiatives are under way to completely reform the taxi industry and provide more comfort and safety to customers."


Education

Gauteng is a large center of learning in South Africa, and it has many universities and educational institutions of higher learning. In 2002, the Gauteng Department of Education founded an initiative called ''Gauteng Online'' in an attempt to get the entire province to utilize a wide assortment of electronic and telecommunications systems. In 2007, this initiative was handed over to the Gauteng Department of Finance. In the 2013 national budget speech, it was announced that the Gauteng Department of Education would be granted over South African rand, R700 million to improve education and to alleviate issues concerning the overcrowding in schools, a shortage in teaching staff and transport for poor pupils. In 2017/2018, the Gauteng Provincial government spent South African rand, R42.4 billion on education which accounted for 38% the province's total expenditure.


Conservation

Although Gauteng province is dominated by the urban areas of Johannesburg and Pretoria, it has several nature reserves. Gauteng is home to the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site, UNESCO World Heritage Site which includes the
Sterkfontein Archaeologists in a structure above the entrance to Sterkfontein Sterkfontein (Afrikaans for ''Strong Spring'') is a set of limestone caves of special interest to paleo-anthropologists located in Gauteng province, about northwest of Johannesburg, ...
caves and the Wonder Cave Kromdraai. Johannesburg is home to the largest man-made urban forest in the world.


Botanical gardens

* Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden * Johannesburg Botanical Garden * Pretoria National Botanical Garden


Nature reserves

* Rietvlei Nature Reserve * Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve * Groenkloof Nature Reserve * Dinokeng Game Reserve


Private and municipal reserves

* Kromdraai Conservancy * Krugersdorp Nature Reserve * Rietvlei Nature Reserve * Wonderboom Nature Reserve


Provincial reserves

Image:Maropeng in June 2009.jpg, The Maropeng visitors centre at the Cradle of Humankind There are 5 provincial reserves managed by the Gauteng Department of Agriculture, Conservation, Environment and Land Affairs: * Abe Bailey Nature Reserve * Alice Glockner Nature Reserve * Marievale Bird Sanctuary * Roodeplaat Nature Reserve * Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve


Sport

Gauteng is home to many stadiums and sporting grounds, notably FNB Stadium, Soccer City, Ellis Park Stadium, Odi Stadium, Loftus Versfeld Stadium, Orlando Stadium, Johannesburg Stadium, the Wanderers Stadium and SuperSport Park. Several teams from Gauteng play in the country's top-level association football (more commonly referred to as soccer) league, the Premier Soccer League (South Africa), Premier Soccer League (PSL), including Kaizer Chiefs Football Club, Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates Football Club, Orlando Pirates. The national squad Bafana Bafana's home stadium is Soccer City in Johannesburg. During the 2010 FIFA World Cup, the first ever world cup held by an African nation, Gauteng's stadia hosted many games. The first ever FIFA world cup match on African soil took place at Soccer City on 11 June 2010. Along with Soccer City, Loftus Versfeld Stadium and Ellis Park Stadium hosted matches in Gauteng. Rugby football, Rugby, or more accurately rugby union, is a popular sport in South Africa, and in Gauteng in particular. Two rugby teams from Gauteng participate in the Southern Hemisphere Super Rugby championship: the
Pretoria Pretoria (; zu, ePitoli) is one of South Africa’s three capital cities, serving as the seat of the executive branch of government, and as the host to all foreign embassies to South Africa. (Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontei ...
-based Bulls (rugby franchise), Bulls, and the
Johannesburg Johannesburg ( , also ; ; Zulu and xh, eGoli), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in South Africa, classified as a megacity, and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world. It is the provinci ...

Johannesburg
-based Lions (rugby franchise), Lions (previously the Cats). Three Gauteng-based teams play in the country's domestic competition, the Currie Cup: the Blue Bulls from Pretoria, the Golden Lions from Johannesburg and the Falcons (rugby team), Falcons from the East Rand, Gauteng, East Rand. In 1995, South Africa hosted the 1995 Rugby World Cup and proceeded to win the tournament at Ellis Park Stadium on 24 June 1995. The events surrounding the world cup formed the basis of the story for the movie Invictus (film), Invictus. Many South African universities take part in the Varsity Rugby league. Of these, the Gauteng universities include the University of Pretoria, the University of Johannesburg and the University of the Witwatersrand. Cricket is also widely popular among all cultural groups in the country, and is the only sport to feature in the top two among all of South Africa's major ethnic/racial groups. The Highveld Lions cricket team, Highveld Lions represent both Gauteng and North West (South African province), North West in the country's three domestic competitions—the first-class cricket, first-class SuperSport Series, the List A cricket, List A limited overs cricket, one-day MTN Domestic Championship and the Twenty20 Standard Bank Pro 20 Series. Many marathons take place in Gauteng, such as the Gauteng Marathon, the Arwyp Medical Centre 15 km Nite Race and the Trisport Joburg City Triathlon.
Gauteng's favourable weather conditions throughout the year make it an ideal hub for sports and other out door activities. This makes golf, horse racing and swimming very popular. The Vaal River facilitates water sports in the forms of jet skiing, water skiing and motor boating. Adventure sports are also quite popular in Gauteng, particularly skydiving, paragliding and hang-gliding. The amusement park Gold Reef City is situated in Gauteng, as is the Johannesburg Zoo and the National Zoological Gardens of South Africa, Pretoria Zoo. Botanical gardens in the province include the Pretoria National Botanical Garden, Pretoria and Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden, Walter Sisulu national botanical gardens maintained by the South African National Botanical Institute as well as the Johannesburg Botanical Garden, Johannesburg and Manie van der Schijff Botanical Garden, Manie van der Schijff botanical gardens. The Ticketpro Dome and the Gallagher Convention Centre, which are both popular events and expos venues, are also located within Gauteng. The province also has a Formula One racetrack, the Kyalami, Kyalami Circuit. The most recent F1 race at the venue was in 1993.


See also

*List of Speakers of the Gauteng Provincial Legislature


References


External links

*
Gauteng Provincial GovernmentGauteng Tourism AuthorityMashatile elected to lead Gauteng
{{Authority control Gauteng, Provinces of South Africa States and territories established in 1994 1994 establishments in South Africa