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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Cahors
Cahors
(French pronunciation: ​[kaɔʁ]; Occitan: Caors [kaˈurs, ˈkɔws, ˈkɔw]) is the capital of the Lot department in south-western France. Its site is dramatic, being contained on three sides within a U-shaped bend in the River Lot known as the presqu'île ("peninsula"). Cahors is known as the centre of AOC 'black' wine, which has been made since the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
and exported via Bordeaux, long before that region had developed its own viniculture industry.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Main sights 4 Wine 5 Culture 6 Notable people 7 See also 8 References

8.1 Footnotes

9 External links

History[edit]

Hôtel de Roaldès

Cahors
Cahors
has had a rich history since Celtic times. The original name of the town was Divona or Divona Cadurcorum, "Divona of the Cadurci," Divona was a fountain, now called "la fontaine des Chartreux", worshiped by the Cadurci, a Celtic people of Gaul
Gaul
before the Roman conquest in the 50s BC. The Cadurci
Cadurci
were among the last Celtic tribes to resist the Roman invasion. Cahors
Cahors
derives from Cadurcorum.[2] However, romanization was rapid and profound : Cahors
Cahors
became a large Roman city, with many monuments whose remnants can be seen today. It has declined economically since the Middle Ages, and lost its university in the 18th century. Today it is a popular tourist centre with people coming to enjoy its mediaeval quarter and the 14th-century fortified Valentré bridge. It is the seat of the Diocese of Cahors. It was also infamous at that time for having bankers that charged interest on their loans. The church in these times said that using money as an end in itself (usury) was a sin. Because of this Cahors became synonymous with this sin, and was mentioned in Dante's Inferno (XI.50) alongside Sodom as wicked. Pope John XXII, born Jacques Duèze or d'Euse, was born in Cahors
Cahors
in 1249, the son of a shoemaker. In the 2007 Tour de France, Cahors
Cahors
was the start of stage 18. Geography[edit] The town is situated 115 km (71 mi) north of Toulouse, on the RN20 / A20, connecting the city, via Limoges
Limoges
to Paris
Paris
and Orleans. The town's height above sea level is between 105 metres (344 feet) and 332 metres (1,089 feet). The area of the town is 64.72 square kilometres (24.99 square miles), with population density relatively high for France
France
at 309 inhabitants per square kilometre.[3] Main sights[edit]

The bridge

On the bridge

Cahors
Cahors
- Amphithéâtre - parking amphithéâtre allées Fénelon -319

The Valentré Bridge, the symbol of the town. Building began in 1308 and was completed in 1378. The legend associated with this bridge is one of the most fully realized of all Devil's Bridge
Devil's Bridge
legends, with a carefully developed plot, complex characters, and a surprising dénouement. When the bridge was restored in 1879, the architect Paul Gout made reference to this by placing a small sculpture of the devil at the summit of one of the towers. Cathédrale Saint-Étienne, a national monument. Saint-Barthélémy Church (14th century). Maison Henri IV or Hôtel de Roaldès (15th century). Daurade quarter with:

Maison Hérétié (14th–16th centuries) Maison Dolive (17th century) Maison du Bourreau (13th century)

The barbican that once defended the Barre Gate. Tour des pendus. Palais Duèze. Tower of Pope John XXII. Collège Pélegry. Cloister Arc de Diane, a relic of ancient Roman baths. Roman Amphitheatre – remains of an oval amphitheatre were revealed when the underground car park was excavated at the Place Gambetta, just west of, and partially beneath, Boulevard Gambetta in the city centre. The stone walls can be seen in the car park first level, below the statue of Leon Gambetta, and opened to the public in April 2009.

Wine[edit]

A Cahors
Cahors
château and vineyard

Main article: Cahors
Cahors
wine The area around Cahors
Cahors
produces wine, primarily robust and tannic red wine. Wine from the Cahors
Cahors
appellation must be made from at least 70% Malbec
Malbec
(also called Cot, Auxerrois and Pressac) grape, with a maximum of 30% Merlot
Merlot
or Tannat
Tannat
grape varieties. Culture[edit] The Cahors
Cahors
Blues Festival takes place every year in July since 1982. Notable people[edit]

Pope John XXII Jules Combarieu (1859–1916), musicologist

See also[edit]

Communes of the Lot department

References[edit]

INSEE commune file

Footnotes[edit]

^ "Comparateur de territoire−Commune de Cahors
Cahors
(46042) - Insee".  ^ Bernhard Maier, Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture (Boydell and Brewer, 1997, originally published 1994 in German), p. 52. ^ Répertoire géographique des communes, publié par l'Institut national de l'information géographique et forestière (in French)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cahors.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Cahors.

Official website (in French) Cahors Cathedral
Cahors Cathedral
at Structurae

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Communes of the Lot department

Albas Albiac Alvignac Anglars Anglars-Juillac Anglars-Nozac Arcambal Les Arques Assier Aujols Autoire Aynac Bach Bagat-en-Quercy Bagnac-sur-Célé Baladou Bannes Le Bastit Beauregard Béduer Bélaye Belfort-du-Quercy Bellefont-La Rauze Belmont-Bretenoux Belmont-Sainte-Foi Berganty Bessonies Bétaille Biars-sur-Cère Bio Blars Boissières Le Boulvé Le Bourg Boussac Le Bouyssou Bouziès Brengues Bretenoux Cabrerets Cadrieu Cahors Cahus Caillac Cajarc Calamane Calès Calvignac Cambayrac Cambes Camboulit Camburat Caniac-du-Causse Capdenac Carayac Cardaillac Carennac Carlucet Carnac-Rouffiac Cassagnes Castelfranc Castelnau-Montratier-Sainte-Alauzie Catus Cavagnac Cazals Cazillac Cénevières Cézac Cieurac Cœur-de-Causse Concorès Concots Condat Corn Cornac Couzou Cras Crayssac Crégols Cremps Cressensac Creysse Cuzac Cuzance Dégagnac Douelle Duravel Durbans Escamps Esclauzels Espagnac-Sainte-Eulalie Espédaillac Espère Espeyroux Estal Fajoles Fargues Faycelles Felzins Figeac Flaujac-Gare Flaujac-Poujols Floirac Floressas Fons Fontanes Fourmagnac Francoulès Frayssinet Frayssinet-le-Gélat Frayssinhes Frontenac Gagnac-sur-Cère Gignac Gigouzac Gindou Ginouillac Gintrac Girac Glanes Gorses Goujounac Gourdon Gramat Gréalou Grézels Grèzes Issendolus Issepts Les Junies Labastide-du-Haut-Mont Labastide-du-Vert Labastide-Marnhac Labathude Laburgade Lacapelle-Cabanac Lacapelle-Marival Lacave Lachapelle-Auzac Ladirat Lagardelle Lalbenque Lamagdelaine Lamothe-Cassel Lamothe-Fénelon Lanzac Laramière Larnagol Larroque-Toirac Lascabanes Latouille-Lentillac Latronquière Lauresses Lauzès Laval-de-Cère Lavercantière Lavergne Lentillac-du-Causse Lentillac-Saint-Blaise Léobard Leyme Lherm Lhospitalet Limogne-en-Quercy Linac Lissac-et-Mouret Livernon Loubressac Loupiac Lugagnac Lunan Lunegarde Luzech Marcilhac-sur-Célé Marminiac Martel Masclat Mauroux Maxou Mayrac Mayrinhac-Lentour Mechmont Mercuès Meyronne Miers Milhac Molières Montamel Le Montat Montbrun Montcabrier Montcléra Montcuq-en-Quercy-Blanc Montdoumerc Montet-et-Bouxal Montfaucon Montgesty Montlauzun Montredon Montvalent Nadaillac-de-Rouge Nadillac Nuzéjouls Orniac Padirac Parnac Payrac Payrignac Pern Pescadoires Peyrilles Pinsac Planioles Pomarède Pontcirq Pradines Prayssac Prendeignes Promilhanes Prudhomat Puy-l'Évêque Puybrun Puyjourdes Les Quatre-Routes-du-Lot Quissac Rampoux Reilhac Reilhaguet Reyrevignes Rignac Le Roc Rocamadour Rouffilhac Rudelle Rueyres Sabadel-Latronquière Sabadel-Lauzès Saignes Saillac Saint-Bressou Saint-Caprais Saint-Céré Saint-Cernin Saint-Chamarand Saint-Chels Saint-Cirgues Saint-Cirq-Lapopie Saint-Cirq-Madelon Saint-Cirq-Souillaguet Saint-Clair Saint-Cyprien Saint-Daunès Saint-Denis-Catus Saint-Denis-lès-Martel Sainte-Colombe Saint-Félix Saint-Germain-du-Bel-Air Saint Géry-Vers Saint-Hilaire Saint-Jean-de-Laur Saint-Jean-Lagineste Saint-Jean-Lespinasse Saint-Jean-Mirabel Saint-Laurent-les-Tours Saint-Laurent-Lolmie Saint-Martin-de-Vers Saint-Martin-Labouval Saint-Martin-le-Redon Saint-Matré Saint-Maurice-en-Quercy Saint-Médard Saint-Médard-de-Presque Saint-Médard-Nicourby Saint-Michel-de-Bannières Saint-Michel-Loubéjou Saint-Pantaléon Saint-Paul-de-Vern Saint-Paul-Flaugnac Saint-Perdoux Saint-Pierre-Lafeuille Saint-Pierre-Toirac Saint-Projet Saint-Simon Saint-Sozy Saint-Sulpice Saint-Vincent-du-Pendit Saint-Vincent-Rive-d'Olt Salviac Sarrazac Sauliac-sur-Célé Saux Sauzet Sénaillac-Latronquière Sénaillac-Lauzès Séniergues Sérignac Sonac Soturac Soucirac Souillac Soulomès Sousceyrac-en-Quercy Strenquels Tauriac Terrou Teyssieu Thédirac Thégra Thémines Théminettes Tour-de-Faure Touzac Trespoux-Rassiels Ussel Uzech Varaire Vaylats Vayrac Viazac Vidaillac Le Vigan Villesèque Vire-sur-Lot

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 126679060 LCCN: n81071971 GND: 4009297-5 SUDOC: 183567277 BNF: cb1526

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