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Cahors (French pronunciation: ​[kaɔʁ]; Occitan: Caors [kaˈuɾs, ˈkɔws, ˈkɔw]) is the capital of the Lot department in south-western France. Its site is dramatic, being contained on three sides within a U-shaped bend in the River Lot known as the presqu'île ("peninsula"). Cahors is known as the centre of AOC 'black' wine, which has been made since the Middle Ages and exported via Bordeaux, long before that region had developed its own viniculture industry.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Main sights 4 Wine 5 Culture 6 Notable people 7 See also 8 References

8.1 Footnotes

9 External links

History[edit] Hôtel de Roaldès Cahors has had a rich history since Celtic times. The original name of the town was Divona or Divona Cadurcorum, "Divona of the Cadurci," Divona was a fountain, now called "la fontaine des Chartreux", worshiped by the Cadurci, a Celtic people of Gaul before the Roman conquest in the 50s BC. The Cadurci were among the last Celtic tribes to resist the Roman invasion. Cahors derives from Cadurcorum.[2] However, romanization was rapid and profound: Cahors became a large Roman city, with many monuments whose remnants can be seen today. It has declined economically since the Middle Ages, and lost its university in the 18th century. Today it is a popular tourist centre with people coming to enjoy its mediaeval quarter and the 14th-century fortified Valentré bridge. It is the seat of the Diocese of Cahors. It was also infamous at that time for having bankers that charged interest on their loans. The church in these times said that using money as an end in itself (usury) was a sin. Because of this Cahors became synonymous with this sin, and was mentioned in Dante's Inferno (XI.50) alongside Sodom as wicked. Pope John XXII, born Jacques Duèze or d'Euse, was born in Cahors in 1249, the son of a shoemaker. In the 2007 Tour de France, Cahors was the start of stage 18.

Geography[edit] The town is situated 115 km (71 mi) north of Toulouse, on the RN20 / A20, connecting the city, via Limoges to Paris and Orleans. The town's height above sea level is between 105 metres (344 feet) and 332 metres (1,089 feet). The area of the town is 64.72 square kilometres (24.99 square miles), with population density relatively high for France at 309 inhabitants per square kilometre.[3]

Main sights[edit] The bridge On the bridge Cahors - Roman amphitheatre The Valentré Bridge, the symbol of the town. Building began in 1308 and was completed in 1378. The legend associated with this bridge is one of the most fully realized of all Devil's Bridge legends, with a carefully developed plot, complex characters, and a surprising dénouement. When the bridge was restored in 1879, the architect Paul Gout made reference to this by placing a small sculpture of the devil at the summit of one of the towers. Cathédrale Saint-Étienne, a national monument. Saint-Barthélémy Church (14th century). Maison Henri IV or Hôtel de Roaldès (15th century). Daurade quarter with: Maison Hérétié (14th–16th centuries) Maison Dolive (17th century) Maison du Bourreau (13th century) The barbican that once defended the Barre Gate. Tour des pendus. Palais Duèze. Tower of Pope John XXII. Collège Pélegry. Cloister Arc de Diane, a relic of ancient Roman baths. Roman Amphitheatre – remains of an oval amphitheatre were revealed when the underground car park was excavated at the Place Gambetta, just west of, and partially beneath, Boulevard Gambetta in the city centre. The stone walls can be seen in the car park first level, below the statue of Leon Gambetta, and opened to the public in April 2009. Wine[edit] A Cahors château and vineyard Main article: Cahors wine The area around Cahors produces wine, primarily robust and tannic red wine. Wine from the Cahors appellation must be made from at least 70% Malbec (also called Cot, Auxerrois and Pressac) grape, with a maximum of 30% Merlot or Tannat grape varieties.

Culture[edit] The Cahors Blues Festival has taken place annually, in July, since 1982.

Notable people[edit] Pope John XXII Jules Combarieu (1859–1916), musicologist Jean Pierre de Caussade [1675-1751) Jesuit Priest Caro Payro (1992 - Present) Snowboarder See also[edit] Communes of the Lot department References[edit] INSEE commune file Footnotes[edit]

^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019..mw-parser-output cite.citation font-style:inherit .mw-parser-output .citation q quotes:"""""""'""'" .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration color:#555 .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output code.cs1-code color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error display:none;font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format font-size:95% .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left padding-left:0.2em .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right padding-right:0.2em

^ Bernhard Maier, Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture (Boydell and Brewer, 1997, originally published 1994 in German), p. 52.

^ Répertoire géographique des communes, publié par l'Institut national de l'information géographique et forestière Archived 8 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine (in French)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cahors.

Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Cahors.

Official website (in French) Cahors Cathedral at Structurae vte Prefectures of the departments of France Bourg-en-Bresse (Ain) Laon (Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice (Alpes-Maritimes) Privas (Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières (Ardennes) Foix (Ariège) Troyes (Aube) Carcassonne (Aude) Rodez (Aveyron) Marseille (Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen (Calvados) Aurillac (Cantal) Angoulême (Charente) La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime) Bourges (Cher) Tulle (Corrèze) Ajaccio (Corse-du-Sud) Bastia (Haute-Corse) Dijon (Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc (Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret (Creuse) Périgueux (Dordogne) Besançon (Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux (Eure) Chartres (Eure-et-Loir) Quimper (Finistère) Nîmes (Gard) Toulouse (Haute-Garonne) Auch (Gers) Bordeaux (Gironde) Montpellier (Hérault) Rennes (Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux (Indre) Tours (Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble (Isère) Lons-le-Saunier (Jura) Mont-de-Marsan (Landes) Blois (Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne (Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay (Haute-Loire) Nantes (Loire-Atlantique) Orléans (Loiret) Cahors (Lot) Agen (Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers (Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô (Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne (Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc (Meuse) Vannes (Morbihan) Metz (Moselle) Nevers (Nièvre) Lille (Nord) Beauvais (Oise) Alençon (Orne) Arras (Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand (Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes (Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan (Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg (Bas-Rhin) Colmar (Haut-Rhin) Lyon (Rhône) Vesoul (Haute-Saône) Mâcon (Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans (Sarthe) Chambéry (Savoie) Annecy (Haute-Savoie) Paris (Paris) Rouen (Seine-Maritime) Melun (Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort (Deux-Sèvres) Amiens (Somme) Albi (Tarn) Montauban (Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon (Var) Avignon (Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon (Vendée) Poitiers (Vienne) Limoges (Haute-Vienne) Épinal (Vosges) Auxerre (Yonne) Belfort (Territoire de Belfort) Évry-Courcouronnes (Essonne) Nanterre (Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny (Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil (Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise (Val-d'Oise) Overseas departments Basse-Terre (Guadeloupe) Fort-de-France (Martinique) Cayenne (French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou (Mayotte)

vteCommunes of the Lot department Albas Albiac Alvignac Anglars Anglars-Juillac Anglars-Nozac Arcambal Les Arques Assier Aujols Autoire Aynac Bach Bagnac-sur-Célé Baladou Bannes Barguelonne-en-Quercy Le Bastit Beauregard Béduer Bélaye Belfort-du-Quercy Bellefont-La Rauze Belmont-Bretenoux Belmont-Sainte-Foi Berganty Bessonies Bétaille Biars-sur-Cère Bio Blars Boissières Le Bourg Boussac Le Bouyssou Bouziès Brengues Bretenoux Cabrerets Cadrieu Cahors Cahus Caillac Cajarc Calamane Calès Calvignac Cambayrac Cambes Camboulit Camburat Caniac-du-Causse Capdenac Carayac Cardaillac Carennac Carlucet Carnac-Rouffiac Cassagnes Castelfranc Castelnau-Montratier-Sainte-Alauzie Catus Cavagnac Cazals Cénevières Cézac Cieurac Cœur-de-Causse Concorès Concots Condat Corn Cornac Couzou Cras Crayssac Crégols Cremps Cressensac-Sarrazac Creysse Cuzac Cuzance Dégagnac Douelle Duravel Durbans Escamps Esclauzels Espagnac-Sainte-Eulalie Espédaillac Espère Espeyroux Estal Fajoles Faycelles Felzins Figeac Flaujac-Gare Flaujac-Poujols Floirac Floressas Fons Fontanes Fourmagnac Francoulès Frayssinet Frayssinet-le-Gélat Frayssinhes Frontenac Gagnac-sur-Cère Gignac Gigouzac Gindou Ginouillac Gintrac Girac Glanes Gorses Goujounac Gourdon Gramat Gréalou Grézels Grèzes Issendolus Issepts Les Junies Labastide-du-Haut-Mont Labastide-du-Vert Labastide-Marnhac Labathude Laburgade Lacapelle-Cabanac Lacapelle-Marival Lacave Lachapelle-Auzac Ladirat Lagardelle Lalbenque Lamagdelaine Lamothe-Cassel Lamothe-Fénelon Lanzac Laramière Larnagol Larroque-Toirac Latouille-Lentillac Latronquière Lauresses Lauzès Laval-de-Cère Lavercantière Lavergne Lendou-en-Quercy Lentillac-du-Causse Lentillac-Saint-Blaise Léobard Leyme Lherm Lhospitalet Limogne-en-Quercy Linac Lissac-et-Mouret Livernon Loubressac Loupiac Lugagnac Lunan Lunegarde Luzech Marcilhac-sur-Célé Marminiac Martel Masclat Mauroux Maxou Mayrac Mayrinhac-Lentour Mechmont Mercuès Meyronne Miers Milhac Molières Montamel Le Montat Montbrun Montcabrier Montcléra Montcuq-en-Quercy-Blanc Montdoumerc Montet-et-Bouxal Montfaucon Montgesty Montlauzun Montredon Montvalent Nadaillac-de-Rouge Nadillac Nuzéjouls Orniac Padirac Parnac Payrac Payrignac Pern Pescadoires Peyrilles Pinsac Planioles Pomarède Pontcirq Porte-du-Quercy Pradines Prayssac Prendeignes Promilhanes Prudhomat Puy-l'Évêque Puybrun Puyjourdes Quissac Rampoux Reilhac Reilhaguet Reyrevignes Rignac Le Roc Rocamadour Rouffilhac Rudelle Rueyres Sabadel-Latronquière Sabadel-Lauzès Saignes Saillac Saint-Bressou Saint-Caprais Saint-Céré Saint-Cernin Saint-Chamarand Saint-Chels Saint-Cirgues Saint-Cirq-Lapopie Saint-Cirq-Madelon Saint-Cirq-Souillaguet Saint-Clair Saint-Denis-Catus Saint-Denis-lès-Martel Sainte-Colombe Saint-Félix Saint-Germain-du-Bel-Air Saint Géry-Vers Saint-Hilaire Saint-Jean-de-Laur Saint-Jean-Lagineste Saint-Jean-Lespinasse Saint-Jean-Mirabel Saint-Laurent-les-Tours Saint-Martin-de-Vers Saint-Martin-Labouval Saint-Martin-le-Redon Saint-Maurice-en-Quercy Saint-Médard Saint-Médard-de-Presque Saint-Médard-Nicourby Saint-Michel-de-Bannières Saint-Michel-Loubéjou Saint-Paul-de-Vern Saint-Paul-Flaugnac Saint-Perdoux Saint-Pierre-Lafeuille Saint-Pierre-Toirac Saint-Projet Saint-Simon Saint-Sozy Saint-Sulpice Saint-Vincent-du-Pendit Saint-Vincent-Rive-d'Olt Salviac Sauliac-sur-Célé Sauzet Sénaillac-Latronquière Sénaillac-Lauzès Séniergues Sérignac Sonac Soturac Soucirac Souillac Soulomès Sousceyrac-en-Quercy Strenquels Tauriac Terrou Teyssieu Thédirac Thégra Thémines Théminettes Tour-de-Faure Touzac Trespoux-Rassiels Ussel Uzech Varaire Vaylats Vayrac Viazac Vidaillac Le Vigan Le Vignon-en-Quercy Villesèque Vire-sur-Lot

Authority control BNF: cb15260783w (data) GND: 4009297-5 LCCN: n81071971 MusicBrainz: 817de950-b8cb-41fc-a337-ceae6f2b507f SUDOC: 183567277 VIAF: 126679060 WorldCat Identities (via