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Prilep ( mk, Прилеп ) is the fourth-largest city in
North Macedonia North Macedonia, ; sq, Maqedonia e Veriut, (Macedonia before February 2019), officially the Republic of North Macedonia,, is a country in Southeast Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subr ...
. It has a population of 66,246 and is known as "the city under
Marko's Towers
Marko's Towers
" because of its proximity to the towers of
Prince Marko Marko Mrnjavčević ( sr-cyr, Марко Мрњавчевић, ;  – 17 May 1395) was the '' de jure'' Serbian king from 1371 to 1395, while he was the ''de facto'' ruler of territory in western Macedonia (region), Macedonia centered on the ...
.


Name

The name of Prilep appeared first as ''Πρίλαπος''. The old fortress was attached to the rocky hilltop, and its name means “stuck” ''on the rocks'' in
Old Church Slavonic Old Church Slavonic or Old Slavonic () was the first Slavic literary language A literary language is the form of a language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (S ...
. It was mentioned by
John Skylitzes John Skylitzes, commonly Latinized Latinisation or Latinization can refer to: * Latinisation of names, the practice of rendering a non-Latin name in a Latin style * Latinisation in the Soviet Union, the campaign in the USSR during the 1920s and 1 ...
in relation with
Samuel of Bulgaria Samuel (also Samuil; bg, Самуил, ; mk, Самоил/Самуил, ; Old Church Slavonic Old Church Slavonic or Old Slavonic (, ) was the first Slavic literary language. Historians credit the 9th-century Byzantine missionaries Saints ...
, who died here in 1014. In other languages is: * bg, Прилеп, ''Prilep'' * rup, Parleap *
Serbo-Croatian Serbo-Croatian () – also called Serbo-Croat (), Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), and Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS) – is a South Slavic language The South Slavic languages are one of three branche ...
: ''Prilep'' / Прилеп * tr, Pirlepe, or ''Perlepe'' * al, Përlep or ''Përlepi'', or ''Prilep'' or ''Prilepi'' *
Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of ...
: ''Prilapos'', Πρίλαπος *
Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in relation with") is "an appa ...
: ''Prilapum''


Economy

Prilep is a centre for high-quality
tobacco Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the ' of the , and the general term for any product prepared from the of these plants. of tobacco are known, but the chief commercial crop is . The more potent variant is also used in som ...

tobacco
and
cigarettes A cigarette is a narrow cylinder containing burnable psychoactive material, typically tobacco, that is rolled into Rolling paper, thin paper for smoking. Most commercial cigarettes contain a reconstituted tobacco product known as ''sheet'', whi ...

cigarettes
and the metal processing,
electronics The field of electronics is a branch of physics and electrical engineering that deals with the emission, behaviour and effects of electrons The electron is a subatomic particle In physical sciences, subatomic particles are smaller than ...
,
timber Lumber, also known as timber, is wood Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of tree In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated Plant stem, stem, or trunk (botany), trunk, sup ...

timber
,
textiles A textile is a flexible material made by creating an interlocking bundle of yarn Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, o ...

textiles
, and
food Food is any substance consumed to provide Nutrient, nutritional support for an organism. Food is usually of plant, animal or Fungus, fungal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, protein (nutrient), proteins, vi ...
industries. The city also produces a large quantity of Macedonian Bianco Sivec (pure
white marble Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals Carbonate minerals are those minerals containing the carbonate ion, CO32−. Carbonate divisions Anhydrous carbonates *Calcite group: trigonal **Calcite CaCO3 **Gas ...
). Tobacco is one of Prilep's traditional cash crops and prospers in the Macedonian climate. Many of the world's largest cigarette makers, such as Marlboro,
West 250px, A compass rose with west highlighted in black West or Occident is one of the four cardinal directions or points of the compass The points of the compass are the vectors by which planet-based directions are conventionally defined. A co ...
and
Camel A camel is an even-toed ungulate The even-toed ungulates (Artiodactyla , ) are ungulates—hoofed animals—which bear weight equally on two (an even number) of their five toes: the third and fourth. The other three toes are either present, ...
use Prilep's tobacco in their cigarettes after it is processed in local factories such as Tutunski kombinat Prilep. A ''Tobacco Institute'' is established in the city in order to produce new types of tobacco and it was the first example of applying genetics to agriculture in the
Balkans The Balkans ( ), also known as the Balkan Peninsula, are a geographic area in southeastern Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rathe ...

Balkans
.. A Gentherm production plant is located in Prilep.


Demographics

The overwhelming majority of the city population is
Macedonian Macedonian most often refers to someone or something from or related to Macedonia (disambiguation), Macedonia. Macedonian may specifically refer to: People Modern * Macedonians (ethnic group), the South Slavic ethnic group primarily associated w ...
; the Macedonian population at the last census counted 64,527. There is also a
Romani Romani may refer to: Ethnicities *Romani people The Romani (), also known as the Roma, are an Indo-Aryan people, traditionally nomadic itinerants living mostly in Europe Europe is a continent A continent is one of several ...

Romani
minority, counting some 4,420 inhabitants,most of them living in the neighbourhood of Trizla , also
Serbs Serbs ( sr-Cyr, Срби, Srbi, ) are a South Slavic ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from ...
(310) and Turks (260).


History

In antiquity, the region of Prilep was part of Ancient Pelagonia that was inhabited by the
Pelagones 250px, Location of Pelagonia Pelagonia ( mk, Пелагонија, Pelagonija; el, Πελαγονíα, Pelagonía) is a geographical region of Macedonia named after the ancient kingdom. Ancient Pelagonia roughly corresponded to the present day m ...
, an ancient Greek tribe of
Upper Macedonia Upper Macedonia (Ancient Greek, Greek: Ἄνω Μακεδονία, ''Ánō Makedonía'') is a geographical and tribal term to describe the upper/western of the two parts in which, together with Lower Macedonia, the ancient kingdom of Macedon was ro ...
, who according to Strabo, were Epirote
Molossians The Molossians () were a group of Ancient Greece, ancient Greeks, Greek tribes which inhabited Epirus, the region of Epirus in classical antiquity. Together with the Chaonians and the Thesprotians, they formed the main tribal groupings of the no ...
. The region was annexed to the Macedonian kingdom during the 4th century BC. In September 2007 archeological excavations in Bonče, revealed a tomb of what is believed to be the burial site of a Macedonian ruler dating 4th century BC. Near Prilep, close to the village of Čepigovo, are the ruins of the ancient Macedonian city of
StyberraStymbara ( grc, Στύμβαρα), also known as Stuberra (Στυβέρρα) or Stubera, was a town on the frontier of Macedonia, which is by some assigned to Deuriopus, and by others to Pelagonia, which in the campaign of 200 BCE was the thir ...
( grc, Στύβερρα), first a town in
Macedonia Macedonia most commonly refers to: * North Macedonia North Macedonia, ; sq, Maqedonia e Veriut, (Macedonia until February 2019), officially the Republic of North Macedonia,, is a country in Southeast Europe. It gained independence in ...
and later incorporated into the
Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn) was the post-Republican Republican can refer to: Political ideology * An advocate of a republic, a type of governme ...

Roman Empire
. Styberra, though razed by the
Goths The Goths ( got, 𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌸𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰, translit=''Gutþiuda''; la, Gothi) were a Germanic people The Germanic peoples were a historical group of people living in Central Europe Central Europe is an area of Europe between West ...
in 268, remained partly inhabited. The town was first mentioned in Greek as ''Πρίλαπον'' (''Prilapon'') in 1014, as the place where Bulgarian
Tsar Samuil Samuel (also Samuil; bg, Самуил, ; mk, Самоил/Самуил, ; Old Church Slavonic: Самоилъ) was the Tsar (''Emperor'') of the First Bulgarian Empire from 997 to 6 October 1014. From 977 to 997, he was a general under Roman I o ...
allegedly had a heart attack upon seeing thousands of his soldiers had been blinded by the Byzantines after the
Battle of Kleidion A battle is an occurrence of combat Combat ( French for ''fight'') is a purposeful violent conflict meant to physically harm or kill the opposition. Combat may be armed (using weapon A weapon, arm or armament is any implement or devic ...

Battle of Kleidion
.
Byzantium Byzantium () or Byzantion ( grc-gre, Βυζάντιον) was an ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the used in and the from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following periods: (), Dark A ...

Byzantium
lost it to the
Second Bulgarian Empire The Second Bulgarian Empire (: Ц(а)рьство бл(ъ)гарское; bg, Второ българско царство, ''Vtorо Balgarskо Tsarstvo'') was a n state that existed between 1185 and 1396. A successor to the , it reached the p ...

Second Bulgarian Empire
, but later retook it. Prilep was acquired in 1334 by
Serbian Serbian may refer to: * someone or something related to Serbia, a country in Southeastern Europe * someone or something related to the Serbs, a South Slavic people * in both meanings, depending on the context, it may refer to: ** Serbian language ...
King
Dušan Dušan ( sr-Cyrl, Душан) is a Slavic names, Slavic given name primarily used in countries of Yugoslavia; and among Slovaks and Czechs. In Serbia, it was the 29th most popular name for males, as of 2010. The name is derived from the Slavic no ...

Dušan
and after 1365 the town belonged to King Vukašin, co-ruler of Dušan's son, Tzar
Stefan Uroš V Saint Stefan Uroš V ( sr-cyrl, Свети Стефан Урош V, ; 13362/4 December 1371), known in historiography and folk tradition as Uroš the Weak ( sr, Урош Нејаки, Uroš Nejaki), was the second Emperor ( Tsar) of the Serbian ...

Stefan Uroš V
. After the death of Vukašin in 1371, Prilep was ruled by his son Marko. In 1395 it was incorporated into the
Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire (; ', ; or '; )info page on bookat Martin Luther University) // CITED: p. 36 (PDF p. 38/338). was an empire that controlled much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa, Northern Africa between the 14th ...
, of which it remained a part of until 1913, when it was annexed by the
Kingdom of Serbia The Kingdom of Serbia ( sr-cyr, Краљевина Србија, Kraljevina Srbija) was a country located in the Balkans The Balkans ( ), also known as the Balkan Peninsula, are a geographic area in southeastern Europe Europe is a con ...
. Prilep was a major center of the
Bulgarian national revival The Bulgarian National Revival ( bg, Българско национално възраждане, ''Balgarsko natsionalno vazrazhdane'' or simply: Възраждане, ''Vazrazhdane''), sometimes called the Bulgarian Renaissance, was a period o ...

Bulgarian national revival
in Western
Macedonia Macedonia most commonly refers to: * North Macedonia North Macedonia, ; sq, Maqedonia e Veriut, (Macedonia until February 2019), officially the Republic of North Macedonia,, is a country in Southeast Europe. It gained independence in ...
in the 19th century. One of the largest annual
fair A fair (archaic: faire or fayre) is a gathering of people for a variety of entertainment or commercial activities. It is normally of the essence of a fair that it is temporary with scheduled times lasting from an afternoon to several weeks. ...

fair
s in Macedonia was held in Prilep in the middle of the 19th century. European consulate exhibitions of 1887 estimate the population of Prilep to approximately 6.500 individuals, of which 4.000 were
Bulgarians Bulgarians ( bg, българи, Bǎlgari, ) are a nation A nation is a community A community is a social unitThe term "level of analysis" is used in the social sciences to point to the location, size, or scale of a research target. "Le ...
, 2.000 were Turks and the rest were
Serbs Serbs ( sr-Cyr, Срби, Srbi, ) are a South Slavic ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from ...
with
Greeks The Greeks or Hellenes (; el, Έλληνες, ''Éllines'' ) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has cer ...

Greeks
and
Aromanians The Aromanians ( rup, Armãnji, Rrãmãnji) are a Romance Romance (from Vulgar Latin , "in the Roman language", i.e., "Latin") may refer to: Common meanings * Romance (love) Romance or Romantic love is an emotional feeling of love for ...
. The
League of Prizren The League of Prizren ( sq, Besëlidhja e Prizrenit), officially the League for the Defense of the Rights of the Albanian Nation ( sq, Lidhja për mbrojtjen e të drejtave te kombit Shqiptar), was an Albanian political organization officially found ...

League of Prizren
fought against Bulgarian groups and repelled them in the Prilep region, as well as in the regions of Köprülü and Manastir, which were at that time inhabited by
Albanians The Albanians (; sq, Shqiptarët, ) are an ethnic group native to the Balkan Peninsula and are identified by a common Albanian Cultural heritage, ancestry, Albanian culture, culture, Albanian history, history and Albanian language, language. ...

Albanians
. They wiped out the Bulgarian movements in those areas. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Prilep was part of the
Manastir Vilayet The Vilayet of Manastir ( ota, ولايت مناستر, Vilâyet-i Manastır) was a first-level administrative division ( vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire (; ota, دولت عليه عثمانيه ', literally "The Sublime Ot ...
of the Ottoman Empire. It was occupied by Bulgaria between 17 November 1915 and 25 September 1918 during
World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nations of the world". The term is usually reserved for ...

World War I
. In 1918 Prilep became part of the
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes Kingdom may refer to: Monarchy * A type of monarchy * A realm ruled by: **A king, during the reign of a male monarch **A queen regnant, during the reign of a female monarch Taxonomy * Kingdom (biology), a category in biological taxonomy Arts a ...
, and from 1929 to 1941 it was part of the
Vardar Banovina The Vardar Banovina, or Vardar Banate ( mk, Вардарска бановина, Vardarska banovina; sr, Вардарска бановина / ''Vardarska banovina''), was a province ( banate) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia The Kingdom of Yugos ...
of the
Kingdom of Yugoslavia The Kingdom of Yugoslavia ( sh, Kraljevina Jugoslavija / Краљевина Југославија; sl, Kraljevina Jugoslavija) was a state in Southeast Europe, Southeast and Central Europe that existed from 1918 until 1941. From 1918 to 1929 ...
. On 8 April 1941, just two days after the start of the
Axis invasion of Yugoslavia The Invasion of Yugoslavia, also known as the April War or Operation 25, or ''Projekt 25'' was a German-led attack on the Kingdom of Yugoslavia The Kingdom of Yugoslavia ( sh, Kraljevina Jugoslavija / Краљевина Југославиј ...
, Prilep was occupied by the
German Army The German Army () is the land component of the armed forces of Federal Republic of Germany, Germany. The present-day German Army was founded in 1955 as part of the newly formed West German ''Bundeswehr'' together with the German Navy, ''Marine' ...
, and on 26 April 1941 by the
Bulgarian Army The Bulgarian Land Forces ( bg, Сухопътни войски на България) are the ground warfare Ground warfare or land warfare is the process of military operations eventuating in combat that takes place predominantly on the battle ...
. Together with most of
Vardar Macedonia Vardar Macedonia ( Macedonian and sr, Вардарска Македонија, ''Vardarska Makedonija'') was the name given to the territory of the Kingdom of Serbia The Kingdom of Serbia ( sr, Краљевина Србија, Kraljevina Srbija ...
, Prilep was annexed by the
Kingdom of Bulgaria The Tsardom of Bulgaria ( bg, Царство България, translit=Tsarstvo Balgariya), also referred to as the Third Bulgarian Tsardom ( bg, Трето Българско Царство, translit=Treto Balgarsko Tsarstvo), sometimes transl ...
from 1941 to 1944. After 9 September coup d'etat the commander of the Bulgarian garrison, refused to withdraw and remained in the city with the Yugoslav guerrillas, managing to hold it for 10 days, blocking the movement of the German troops. Afterwards the German Army retook the town. Prilep was definitively taken by communist partisans on 3 November 1944. From 1944 to 1991 the town belonged to the
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, commonly referred to as SFR Yugoslavia or simply Yugoslavia, was a Socialist state, socialist country in Southeast Europe, Southeast and Central Europe that existed from its foundation in the afte ...
, as part of its constituent
Socialist Republic of Macedonia The Socialist Republic of Macedonia ( mk, Социјалистичка Република Македонија, Socijalistička Republika Makedonija), or SR Macedonia, commonly referred to as Socialist Macedonia or Yugoslav Macedonia, was ...

Socialist Republic of Macedonia
. Since 1991 the town has been part of the Republic of Macedonia.


Culture

* One of the most important institutions in the city is the Institute of Old Slavic Culture. * An art colony is hosted in the center of Prilep in the Center of Contemporary Visual Arts. The colony was founded in 1957 by the archaeologist Prof. Boshko Babikj, but organized by the initiative of Prof. Babikj and the academic painter Prof. Risto Lozanovski, making it perhaps one of the oldest colonies in southeastern Europe and the oldest one on the Balkans, for sure. It hosts painters and sculptors (working in marble, metal and wood) every year and, periodically, it hosts workshops and symposia for vitrage (glass design), mosaics, photography, graphics and clay, from countries around the world. The collection of sculptures carved in wood was acknowledged as a cultural heritage by the most relevant criticizers and opinion makers. 2007 was the 50th anniversary of the colony. * Every year in October the International Children's Music Festival "Asterisks" brings together children from all over the world. * Every year the Professional Theatre Festival of Macedonia, honouring
Vojdan Chernodrinski Vojdan Stojanovski ( mk, Војдан Стојановски; born December 9, 1987) is a Macedonian professional basketball player for BCM Gravelines-Dunkerque of the French LNB Pro A. He is (1.95 m) in height and plays at the shooting guard positi ...
, who was born in village Selci near
Struga Struga ( mk, Струга , sq, Strugë) is a town and popular tourist destination situated in the south-western region of North Macedonia, lying on the shore of Lake Ohrid. The town of Struga is the seat of Struga Municipality. Etymology The ...

Struga
and
Debar Debar ( mk, Дебaр ; Albanian Albanian may refer to: *Pertaining to Albania in Southeast Europe; in particular: **Albanians, an ethnic group native to the Balkans **Albanian language **Albanian culture **Demographics of Albania, includes oth ...

Debar
. * The Monastery of Zrze and the Monastery of the Holy Archangel Michael which has 12th and 14th-century frescoes are notable sites of the culture of Prilep. * Pivofest (Beer fest) is an annual four-day party held in the middle of July that attracts around 200,000 visitors to the city. There are international popular music acts performing nightly on the main stage in the square as well as at the various clubs around town. Pivofest features a growing number of foreign and domestic beers as well as an opportunity for Prilep to showcase its famous barbecue considered the best in North Macedonia. * Prochka is a centuries-old religious holiday of forgiveness and celebration that in 2001 found an organized manifestation as "Prilep Carnival" and has been a member of the Federation of European Carnival Cities since 2006. Despite the new official name, the festival is still known as Prochka by the locals and is called Prochka in the official tourist guide. The highlight of the festival is the mask parade which runs through the centre of the town and hosts participants from multiple European countries. There is a prize given for the best costume and many of the costumes are elaborate. There are also concerts, parties, and much traditional food during the festival which is held in February.


Language

The dialect of Prilep, forms the basis for the
Standard Macedonian Standard Macedonian or literary Macedonian ( mk, книжевен македонски јазик or македонски литературен јазик) is the standard variety of the Macedonian language Macedonian (; , , ) is an Easter ...
. When the
Socialist Republic of Macedonia The Socialist Republic of Macedonia ( mk, Социјалистичка Република Македонија, Socijalistička Republika Makedonija), or SR Macedonia, commonly referred to as Socialist Macedonia or Yugoslav Macedonia, was ...

Socialist Republic of Macedonia
was formed as part of Yugoslavia at the end of the WWII, the Macedonian language was recognized as distinct one. Then the dialects of Prilep and
Veles Veles may refer to: * Veles (god), Slavic deity * Veles Municipality, in North Macedonia * Veles, North Macedonia, a city, seat of the municipality, formerly called Titov Veles * Veles Bastion, Stribog Mountains on Brabant Island, Antarctica *Veles ...
, were chosen as the basis for the new official language, because of their central position in the
region of Macedonia Macedonia () is a geographical and historical region of the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. Its boundaries have changed considerably over time; however, it came to be defined as the modern geographical region by the mid 19th century. Toda ...
.


Art and Architecture

The main square in Prilep is called "Alexandria", in honor of Alexander the Great. The reconstruction of the square began in 2005 and it was completed in 2006. The reconstruction cost 700.000 Euros and its investor was the city of Prilep. During the reconstruction the monument of Alexander the Great was erected, among the other things. Several ancient sites grace Prilep including one at
Markovi Kuli
Markovi Kuli
, St. Nicola's church from the 13th century, St. Uspenie church in Bogorodica, St. Preobrazenie church and the Tomb of the Unconquered, and a memorial in honour of the victims of fascism located in Prilep's central park. A large Roman necropolis is known there and parts of numerous walls have been found; the settlement was probably the ancient Ceramiae mentioned in the
Peutinger Table ' (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it ...
. Roman remains can also be found near the Varosh monastery, built on the steep slopes of the hill, which was later inhabited by a medieval community. Many early Roman funeral monuments, some with sculpted reliefs of the deceased or of the Thracian Rider and other inscribed monuments of an official nature, are in the courtyard of the church below the southern slope of Varosh. Some of the larger of those monuments were built into the walls of the church. The most important ancient monument is the old city of Styberra situated on Bedem hill near Čepigovo, in the central region of Pelagonia. As early as the time of the Roman–Macedonian wars, this city was known as a base from which the Macedonian king
Perseus of Macedon Perseus ( grc-gre, Περσεύς; 212 – 166 BC) was the last king (''Basileus'') of the Antigonid dynasty, who ruled the diadochi, successor state in Macedon created upon the death of Alexander the Great. He was the last Antigonid to rule Mace ...

Perseus of Macedon
set out to conquer the Penestian cities. An important site in the area is Bela Crkva, west of Styberra, where the town of Alkomenai was probably located. It was a stronghold of the Macedonian kings after it was rebuilt in the early Roman period and was at the Pelagonian entrance to a pass leading to
Illyria In classical antiquity, Illyria ( grc, Ἰλλυρία, ''Illyría'' or , ''Illyrís''; la, Illyria, ''Illyricum'') was a region in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula inhabited by numerous tribes of people collectively known as the Illyria ...

Illyria
. Part of the city wall, a gate, and a few buildings of the Roman period were uncovered here in excavations. All recent finds from these sites are in the Museum of the City of Prilep. The
Treskavec monastery The Monastery of Treskavec ( mk, Манастир Трескавец), or St. Bogorodica, is a monastery situated on the rocky Mount Zlatovrv, 8 km north of Prilep, in North Macedonia. Built in the 12th century, it currently has only one mon ...
, built in the 12th century in the mountains about north of Prilep under Zlatovrv peak, at the edge of a small upland plain 1100 meters
above sea level Above may refer to: *Above (artist) Tavar Zawacki formerly known as 'ABOVE' (born 1981) is an American abstract art Abstract art uses visual language of shape, form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of ind ...
. Prilep has frescoes from the 14th and 15th centuries and is probably the site of the early Roman town of Kolobaise. The name of the early town is recorded on a long inscription on stone which deals with a local cult of Ephesian Artemis. The inscription was reused as a base for a cross on top of one of the church domes. Other inscriptions at Treskavec include several 1st century Roman dedications to
Apollo Apollo, grc, Ἀπόλλωνος, ''Apóllōnos'', label=genitive , ; , grc-dor, Ἀπέλλων, ''Apéllōn'', ; grc, Ἀπείλων, ''Apeílōn'', label=Arcadocypriot Greek, ; grc-aeo, Ἄπλουν, ''Áploun'', la, Apollō, ...

Apollo
. The old fortress was used by the Romans, and later the Byzantines. After all, even Tsar Samuil came here after the defeat at
Belasica Belasica (Macedonian language, Macedonian and Bulgarian language, Bulgarian: , also translit. ''Belasitsa'' or ''Belasitza'', Ottoman Turkish language, Ottoman Turkish: بلش Turkish language, Turkish: ''Beleş''), Belles ( el, Μπέλλες, '' ...

Belasica
in 1014. During the Middle Ages, after 1371, Prince Marko rebuilt the citadel extensively, making it an important military stronghold.


Geography

Prilep covers and is located in the northern
Pelagonia 250px, Location of Pelagonia Pelagonia ( mk, Пелагонија, Pelagonija; el, Πελαγονíα, Pelagonía) is a geographical region of Macedonia named after the ancient kingdom. Ancient Pelagonia roughly corresponded to the present day m ...

Pelagonia
plain, in the southern part of North Macedonia. Prilep is the seat of the
Prilep municipality Prilep ( mk, Прилеп ) is a municipality in the south of North Macedonia. ''Prilep'' is also the name of the city where the municipal seat is found. It is located in the Pelagonia Statistical Region. Geography The municipality borders Čašk ...

Prilep municipality
and access is gained via the A3. It is (as the crow flies) from the capital
Skopje Skopje ( , , ; mk, Скопје ; sq, Shkup) is the capital and List of cities in North Macedonia by population, largest city of North Macedonia. It is the country's political, cultural, economic, and academic centre. The territory of S ...

Skopje
, from
Bitola Bitola (; mk, Битола ) is a city in the southwestern part of North Macedonia North Macedonia, ; sq, Maqedonia e Veriut, (Macedonia before February 2019), officially the Republic of North Macedonia,, is a country in Southeast Eur ...
, and from
Kruševo Kruševo ( mk, Крушево ; rup, Crushuva "Crușuva") is a town in North Macedonia. In Macedonian language, Macedonian the name means the 'place of pear trees'. It is the highest town in North Macedonia and one of the highest in the Balkans, ...

Kruševo
.


Climate


Sports

Prilep is the home of several sports teams, the best known are:
ФК Победа 2000-2009






*







* ttp://www.oldprilep.com/rakomet/zrk-tutunski-kombinat.html Женски Ракометен Клуб „ТУТУНСКИ КОМБИНАТ“
Женски Ракометен Клуб „Прилеп“


* ttp://www.oldprilep.com/rakomet/rk-partizan-2.html Ракометен Клуб „ПАРТИЗАН“*
СПОРТСКА САЛА „МАКЕДОНИЈА“





Notable people


Twin towns – sister cities

Prilep is twinned with: *
Zadar Zadar ( , ; see also Zadar#Etymology and historical names, other names) is the List of oldest continuously inhabited cities, oldest continuously inhabited Croatian city. It is situated on the Adriatic Sea, at the northwestern part of Ravni Kota ...

Zadar
,
Croatia , image_flag = Flag of Croatia.svg , image_coat = Coat of arms of Croatia.svg , anthem = "Lijepa naša domovino ''Lijepa naša domovino'' (; ) is the national anthem A national anthem is a song that ...

Croatia
*
Radom Radom is a city in east-central Poland, located approximately south of the capital, Warsaw. It is situated on the Mleczna River in the Masovian Voivodeship (since 1999), having previously been the seat of a separate Radom Voivodeship (1975–1 ...
,
Masovian Voivodeship Masovian Voivodeship or Mazovia Province ( pl, województwo mazowieckie ) is the largest and most populous of the 16 Polish Polish may refer to: * Anything from or related to Poland Poland ( pl, Polska ), officially the Republic of Po ...
,
Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 Voivodeships of Poland, administrative provinces, covering an area of , and has a largely Temperate climate, temperate seasonal cli ...

Poland
*
Garfield ''Garfield'' is an American comic strip A comic strip is a sequence of drawings, often cartoons A cartoon is a type of illustration An illustration is a decoration, interpretation or visual explanation of a text, concept or proces ...

Garfield
,
New Jersey New Jersey is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic States, Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern United States, Northeastern regions of the United States. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York (state), New York; on the ea ...
,
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
*
Deyang Deyang () is a prefecture-level city A prefectural-level municipality (), prefectural-level city or prefectural city is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China China (), officially the People's Republic of China ...

Deyang
,
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

China
*
Chernihiv Chernihiv ( uk, wikt:Чернігів, Чернігів, ) also known as Chernigov (russian: Черни́гов, p=tɕɪrˈnʲiɡəf; pl, Czernihów, ) is a List of cities in Ukraine, city and List of hromadas of Ukraine, municipality in norther ...
,
Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also shares borders with to the north; , , and to the west; and to the south; and has a coastli ...

Ukraine
Прилеп се збратими со украински Чернигов
The city also shares a friendship charter with
Vincent Vincent ( la, Vincentius) is a male given name derived from the Roman name Vincentius, which is derived from the Latin word (''to conquer''). People with the given name Artists *Vincent Apap (1909–2003), Maltese sculptor *Vincent van Gogh ( ...
,
Western Australia Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspape ...

Western Australia
,
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
.


References

;Notes


External links


Прилеп, Prilep

Official Prilep Government Website

Prilep at the Balkan Info Home website

"St. Kliment Ohridski" University - Bitola


at the Cyber Macedonia website
"Asterisks"
International children's music festival
Стари фотографии од Прилеп





Gentherm
{{Authority control Cities in North Macedonia