semimodular lattice

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In the branch of mathematics known as order theory, a semimodular lattice, is a lattice (order), lattice that satisfies the following condition: ;Semimodular law: ''a'' ∧ ''b''  <:  ''a''   implies   ''b''  <:  ''a'' ∨ ''b''. The notation ''a'' <: ''b'' means that ''b'' Covering relation, covers ''a'', i.e. ''a'' < ''b'' and there is no element ''c'' such that ''a'' < ''c'' < ''b''. An atom (order theory), atomistic (hence compact element, algebraic) semimodular bounded lattice is called a matroid lattice because such lattices are equivalent to (simple) matroids. An atomistic semimodular bounded lattice of finite length is called a geometric lattice and corresponds to a matroid of finite rank. Semimodular lattices are also known as upper semimodular lattices; the duality (order theory), dual notion is that of a lower semimodular lattice. A finite lattice is modular lattice, modular if and only if it is both upper and lower semimodular. A finite lattice, or more generally a lattice satisfying the ascending chain condition or the descending chain condition, is semimodular if and only if it is modular lattice#Modular pairs and related notions, M-symmetric. Some authors refer to M-symmetric lattices as semimodular lattices.For instance Fofanova (2001).

# Birkhoff's condition

A lattice is sometimes called weakly semimodular if it satisfies the following condition due to Garrett Birkhoff: ;Birkhoff's condition: If   ''a'' ∧ ''b''  <:  ''a''  and  ''a'' ∧ ''b''  <:  ''b'', :then   ''a''  <:  ''a'' ∨ ''b''  and  ''b''  <:  ''a'' ∨ ''b''. Every semimodular lattice is weakly semimodular. The converse is true for lattices of finite length, and more generally for upper continuous (meets distribute over joins of chains) atom (order theory), relatively atomic lattices.

# Mac Lane's condition

The following two conditions are equivalent to each other for all lattices. They were found by Saunders Mac Lane, who was looking for a condition that is equivalent to semimodularity for finite lattices, but does not involve the covering relation. ;Mac Lane's condition 1: For any ''a, b, c'' such that ''b'' ∧ ''c'' < ''a'' < ''c'' < ''b'' ∨ ''a'', :there is an element ''d'' such that ''b'' ∧ ''c'' < ''d'' ≤ ''b'' and ''a'' = (''a'' ∨ ''d'') ∧ ''c''. ;Mac Lane's condition 2: For any ''a, b, c'' such that ''b'' ∧ ''c'' < ''a'' < ''c'' < ''b'' ∨ ''c'', :there is an element ''d'' such that ''b'' ∧ ''c'' < ''d'' ≤ ''b'' and ''a'' = (''a'' ∨ ''d'') ∧ ''c''. Every lattice satisfying Mac Lane's condition is semimodular. The converse is true for lattices of finite length, and more generally for atom (order theory), relatively atomic lattices. Moreover, every upper continuous lattice satisfying Mac Lane's condition is M-symmetric.

# References

* . (The article is about M-symmetric lattices.) * .