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Trentino, officially the Autonomous Province of Trento, is an autonomous province of Italy, in the country's far north. Trentino
Trentino
is, along with South Tyrol, one of the two provinces making up the region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, which is designated an autonomous region under the constitution.[1] The province is divided into 177 comuni (municipalities).[2] Its capital is the city of Trento. The province covers an area of more than 6,000 km2 (2,300 sq mi), with a total population of about 540,000. Trentino
Trentino
is renowned for its mountains, such as the Dolomites, which are part of the Alps.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography 4 Politics

4.1 Administration

5 Economy

5.1 Transport

6 Demographics

6.1 Languages

7 Culture

7.1 Sports

8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Etymology[edit] The province is generally known as Trentino.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10] The name derives from Trento, the capital city of the province. Originally, the term was used by the local population only to refer to the city and its immediate surroundings. Under former Austrian government, which began in the 19th century (previously Trentino
Trentino
was governed by the local bishop), the common German name for the region was Welschtirol or Welschsüdtirol, meaning Italian Tyrol
Tyrol
or Italian South Tyrol, or just Südtirol,[11] meaning South Tyrol
South Tyrol
with reference to its geographic position as the southern part of Tyrol. The corresponding Italian terms were Tirolo Meridionale, that was historically used to describe the wider southern part of the County of Tyrol, specifically Trentino
Trentino
and sometimes also today's South Tyrol,[12][13][14] or Tirolo Italiano. In its wider sense, Trentino was first used around 1848 in an article by a member of the Frankfurt National Assembly; it became a popular term among leftist intellectual circles in Austria.[15] Since the new 1972 autonomous status, the administrative name of the province is Autonomous Province of Trento
Trento
(Italian: Provincia autonoma di Trento, German: Autonome Provinz Trient).[16] History[edit]

Castello del Buonconsiglio (Buonconsiglio Castle) in Trento
Trento
was the seat of the prince-bishops from the 13th century to 1803

Trentino
Trentino
is part of the Euroregion Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino, which corresponds to the historic Tyrol
Tyrol
region[17]

Main article: History of Trentino The history of Trentino
Trentino
begins in the mid-Stone Age. The valleys of what is now Trentino
Trentino
were already inhabited by man, the main settlements being in the valley of the Adige
Adige
River, thanks to its milder climate. In the early Middle Ages, this area was included within the Kingdom of Italy
Italy
and the March of Verona. In 1027, the Bishopric of Trent
Bishopric of Trent
was established as a State of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
by Emperor Conrad II. It was an ecclesiastical territory, roughly corresponding to the present-day Trentino, governed by the Prince-Bishops of Trento. The Council of Trent, held in three major sessions from 1545 to 1563, with the first at Trento, was one of the important councils in the history of the Roman Catholic Church. It was an articulation of Roman Catholic doctrine in response to the Protestant Reformation, and specified doctrine on salvation, the sacraments, and the Holy Biblical canon. After the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
of the early 19th century, the bishopric was secularized and absorbed into the Austrian County of Tyrol. It was governed by the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. The region was the location of heavy fighting during World War I, as it was directly on the front lines between Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
and Italy.[18] Trentino remained a part of Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
until after the end of the war in 1919, when it was annexed by Italy
Italy
in the Treaty of Saint-Germain. After World War II, the Italian and Austrian Foreign Ministers signed the Gruber-De Gasperi Agreement, creating the autonomous region of Trentino-South Tyrol, consisting of the autonomous provinces of Trentino
Trentino
and South Tyrol. Since this treaty, Trentino
Trentino
enjoys considerable autonomy from the Italian central government in Rome. It has its own elected government and legislative assembly. In 1996, the Euroregion Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino
Euroregion Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino
was formed between the Austrian state of Tyrol
Tyrol
and the Italian provinces of South Tyrol and Trentino. The boundaries of the association correspond to the old County of Tyrol. The aim is to promote regional peace, understanding and cooperation in many areas. The region's assemblies meet together as one on various occasions and have set up a common liaison office to the European Union
European Union
in Brussels. Geography[edit]

The Marmolada
Marmolada
in the northeast is the highest mountain in the Dolomites

Trentino
Trentino
is a mountainous region. The Adige
Adige
river flows through the central Trentino
Trentino
in a valley named after the river. The principal towns of Trentino
Trentino
lay in the Adige
Adige
Valley, which has been a historical passage connecting Italy
Italy
with Northern Europe. Among other important valleys are Non Valley, known for its apple production, Sole Valley, Giudicarie, which has been historically connected by Trento
Trento
and Brescia, Fiemme and Fassa, Lagarina, Mocheni, Sugana Valley
Sugana Valley
and many others. The province has an area of 6,214 km2 (2,399 sq mi), and a total population of 524,826 (2010). There are 217 comuni (singular: comune), in the province.[19] The Marmolada, at 3,343 m (10,968 ft) above sea level, is the highest mountain in the Dolomites. The glacier on the Marmolada
Marmolada
is also a landmark. Other high mountains include the Monte Baldo, Carè Alto, Cermis, Crozzon di Brenta, Hintere Eggenspitze, Latemar, Paganella, Piz Boè, Presanella, Punta San Matteo
Punta San Matteo
and Vezzana. Politics[edit] The 1972 second Statute of Autonomy for Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol devolved most legislative and executive competences from the regional level to the provincial level, creating de facto two separate regions. Administratively, the province enjoys a large degree of autonomy in the following sectors: health, education, welfare and transport infrastructure. The provincial council comprises 35 members, one of whom must by law be drawn from the Ladin minority. In the last elections in 2013, the strongest party became the Democratic Party (Partito Democratico del Trentino) with 9 deputies, Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party
Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party
(8), Union for Trentino (5), Lega Nord Trentino
Trentino
(2), Forza Italia
Forza Italia
(1), Five Stars Movement
Five Stars Movement
(1), Trentino Project (1), Ladin Autonomist Union (1), Civic Trentino
Trentino
(1), Administer Trentino (1), with one independent. The executive powers are attributed to the provincial government (Italian: Giunta Provinciale), headed by the governor (Presidente). Since 2013 the governor is Ugo Rossi
Ugo Rossi
of the leftist Trentino
Trentino
Tyrolean Autonomist Party. The president of the provincial council alternates with the governor of South Tyrol
South Tyrol
as president of the Trentino-South Tyrol
Tyrol
region. The regional government has its seat in the former Hotel Imperial in Trento. The Ladin community has one reserved seat in the provincial assembly and is thereby guaranteed political representation. Administration[edit] See also: Districts of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol Due to the division of the province into the 217 municipalities (Comuni/Gemeinden), often of small or even tiny size, in the late 1970s, eleven larger units known as districts (comprensori) were introduced. The municipalities forming a district elect the council for that district. However, this tier of government has provoked criticism, and, in 2006, a reform created fifteen more homogenous "Valley Communities" (comunità di valle, Talgemeinden) and one territory including the municipalities of Trento, Cimone, Aldeno
Aldeno
and Garniga Terme
Garniga Terme
(see Municipalities of Trentino).

Map of Trentino
Trentino
with its 16 new districts, established in 2006

Map of Trentino
Trentino
with its 11 districts, abolished in 2006

# Name Municipalities Inhabitants Capital Map

1 Comunità territoriale della Val di Fiemme 11 18,567 Cavalese

2 Comunità di Primiero 8 9,836 Tonadico

3 Comunità Valsugana e Tesino 21 25,694 Borgo Valsugana

4 Comunità Alta Valsugana e Bersntol 18 45,228 Pergine Valsugana

5 Comunità della Valle di Cembra 11 10,854 Altavalle

6 Comunità della Val di Non 38 37,143 Cles

7 Comunità della Valle di Sole 14 15,020 Malè

8 Comunità delle Giudicarie 39 35,647 Tione di Trento

9 Comunità Alto Garda e Ledro 7 42,955 Riva del Garda

10 Comunità della Vallagarina 17 78,482 Rovereto

11 Comun General de Fascia 7 9,195 Sèn Jan di Fassa

12 Magnifica Comunità degli Altipiani Cimbri 3 4,442 Lavarone

13 Comunità Rotaliana-Königsberg 8 25,953 Mezzocorona

14 Comunità della Paganella 5 4,731 Andalo

15 Val d' Adige
Adige
territory 4 110,061 none

16 Comunità della Valle dei Laghi 6 9,349 Vezzano

As of 2009, the only municipalities with a population over 20,000 were Trento, Rovereto, and Pergine Valsugana. Economy[edit]

Vineyards of Trentino

A view of Lake Garda from Riva del Garda
Riva del Garda
in the south. Tourism is one of the primary revenue areas of the Trentine economy.

Despite the overwhelmingly mountainous nature of the territory, agriculture remains important. Farms often join together to form larger cooperatives. The most important produce comprises: apples (50% of national production, together with South Tyrol) and other fruit, vegetables (primarily in the Val di Gresta) and grape; important especially for its quality, the latter is used for the production of dry and sparkling wines. In January 2008, the Edmund Mach Foundation
Edmund Mach Foundation
was established to promote research, training and services in the agricultural, agri-food and environmental fields. The primary industries, often small and medium-sized, are concentrated in Valsugana, Vallagarina and the Adige
Adige
Valleys. Sectors include textiles, mechanics, wood and paper productions. Also important is the production of hydro-electric energy. Tourism is the mainstay of the provincial economy. The main resorts include: Madonna di Campiglio, San Martino di Castrozza, Fiera di Primiero, Canazei, Moena, Cavalese, Folgaria, Folgarida-Marilleva, Riva del Garda
Riva del Garda
and Levico Terme, Comano Terme
Comano Terme
and Roncegno, these last three being renowned thermal stations. Transport[edit]

Roadmap of Trentino

The Trentino
Trentino
province is crossed by the main road and rail connections between Italy
Italy
and Germany. These include the Brenner A22 motorway and road which passes through the Etsch/ Adige
Adige
Valley. A regional project of switching much of the road traffic to railways is currently under consideration. The province has two more railways: the Valsugana Line, connecting Trento
Trento
to Venice
Venice
and the Trento-Malè-Marilleva railway
Trento-Malè-Marilleva railway
between Trento and Malè. Demographics[edit] In 2012 the population of Trentino
Trentino
was 534,405. The average population density was around 86/km2 (220/sq mi). The highest concentration of the population is located around the capital city of Trento, and the southern parts. The whole region is divided up into 217 municipalities. The majority of the Trentino
Trentino
population is Italian-speaking with its local dialects. Languages[edit]

Minority languages in Trentino. Census-data per municipality 2011

The region is also home to three other indigenous linguistic minorities, which are Ladin, Mócheno and Cimbrian. All three groups are protected by regional and provincial laws, statutes, and regulations. After World War II
World War II
and the devolution of power to regional authorities, a change in policy slowly began, which gained momentum in the 1990s. Since then a number of far-reaching laws and regulations have been passed and implemented, that protect and promote the use of these three languages and the unique cultural heritage and identity. This has for example been extended to school curricula in the regional languages and street signs becoming bilingual. All three minorities have their own cultural institute which were decreed by national law and receive state funds. The purpose of these cultural institutes is to safeguard and promote the respective culture and languages. The Ladin minority is found in the Fassa Valley, in the municipalities of Canazei
Canazei
(Cianacei), Campitello di Fassa
Campitello di Fassa
(Ciampedèl), Mazzin (Mazin), Moena, Soraga
Soraga
and Sèn Jan di Fassa. In the census of 2001, 16,462 inhabitants of Trentino
Trentino
declared Ladin as their native language,.[20] Mócheno is still spoken in the municipalities of Frassilongo (Garait), Palù del Fersina
Palù del Fersina
(Palai en Bersntol) and Fierozzo (Vlarötz), while the Cimbrian language
Cimbrian language
is spoken in Luserna (Lusérn).[1] The 2001 census found there were 2,276 native Mócheno and 882 Cimbrian speakers.[20] The linguistic breakdown according to the census of 2001 is:[21]

Language Number Percentage

Italian 457,397 95.8

Ladin 16,462 3.5

Mócheno 2,276 0.5

Cimbrian 882 0.2

Total 477,017 100

The Nones language hails from the Non Valley
Non Valley
and is considered by some[who?] linguists a variant of Ladin.[citation needed] Estimates range up to 30,000 speakers. The Solandro language is also under debate as to whether it is a dialect of Ladin or a separate language. Native speakers are mainly found in the Sole Valley
Sole Valley
and are estimated to be up to 15,000. Both idioms are alternatively considered as dialects within the range of Gallo-Romance languages. There is no official census to date that has Nones and Solandro as officially distinct languages. The total number of Ladin speakers in the census of 2001 exceeds the population of around 7,500 in the Fassa Valley. A number of Nones and Solandro speakers identified as Ladin speakers, while others chose not to exercise that option due to the disagreement whether or not their languages are Ladin or a separate idiom. Culture[edit] Sports[edit]

2008 Maratona dles Dolomites
Dolomites
ascent to Campolongo Pass, with Corvara in the background

The region offers many opportunities for mountain climbing and trekking and winter sports. Important winter events are the world championships organised by the International Ski Federation
International Ski Federation
(FSI) such as the Nordic ski 1991 and 2003, snowboarding 2001 and freestyle ski championship 2007, as well as the Adamello Ski Raid
Adamello Ski Raid
and Marcialonga. During the spring and summer, cycling is a big event in the region, such as the Giro del Trentino
Giro del Trentino
and Maratona dles Dolomites
Dolomites
over the mountain passes. Cross country racing such as the Cross della Vallagarina and the 10-kilometre road running competition Giro al Sas also take place. Association football
Association football
is a popular ball sport in Trentino. Teams within the region are U.S. Alta Vallagarina, A.C. Mezzocorona, A.S.D. Porfido Albiano
Albiano
and Trento
Trento
Calcio 1921. Trentino Volley
Trentino Volley
is a professional Italian volleyball team. It plays in the Italian Volleyball
Volleyball
League without interruption since 2000, while Aquila Trento
Trento
is a basketball team in the Italian top league. See also[edit]

Tyrol History of Tyrol Trentino-South Tyrol

References[edit]

^ a b " Special
Special
Statute for Trentino-Alto Adige" (DOC). Province of Trento. Retrieved 2009-02-11.  ^ "Province Statistics". Italian institute of statistics (Istat). Archived from the original on 2007-08-07. Retrieved 2007-07-06.  ^ "Gerenza Trentino". SETA S.p.A. 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-06.  ^ Trentino
Trentino
at Google Books ^ Trentino
Trentino
at Google Books ^ Rifugi e bivacchi in Trentino
Trentino
at Google Books ^ Castelli e torri in Trentino
Trentino
at Google Books ^ Guida ai parchi gioco del Trentino
Trentino
at Google Books ^ South Tyrol
South Tyrol
and Trentino
Trentino
Geocenter Euro Map at Google Books ^ lecce (April 19, 2001), "Why old Italians like a list", The Economist, London  ^ among many: Karl Müller, An der Kampffront in Südtirol: Kriegsbriefe eines neutralen Offizeirs, Velhagen & Klasing, 1916: Das politische und militärische Ziel des Feldzugs der Italiener im Südtirol ist die befestigte Stadt Trient = The political and military objective of the Italian campaign in South Tyrol
South Tyrol
was the fortified city of Trento. ^ Flora del Tirolo meridionale: ossia descrizione delle specie fanerogame che crescono spontanee sopra il suolo Trentino
Trentino
e nelle terre adjacenti comprese fra la catena delle Alpi Retiche sino al confini del Lombardo-Veneto loro proprietà ec. ec. at Google Books ^ Erpetologia delle provincie Venete e del Tirolo meridionale at Google Books ^ Repertorio universale della legislazione pel regno d'Italia dell' anno 1802, p. 420, at Google Books ^ Ettore Tolomei - Der Totengräber Süd-Tirols ^ Official Journals of the Provincia autonoma di Trento/Autonome Provinz Trient: No. 1 (2002) Archived 2009-02-27 at the Wayback Machine., No. 17 (2003), No. 23 (2003), No. 39 (2003) Archived 2009-02-27 at the Wayback Machine., No. 45 (2006) Archived 2009-02-27 at the Wayback Machine. No. 20 (2007) Archived 2009-02-27 at the Wayback Machine. and No. 25 (2007) Archived 2009-02-27 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Excluding Cortina, Colle Santa Lucia, Livinallongo, Pedemonte, Magasa and Valvestino. ^ "The Trentino
Trentino
Campaign of 1916". historicaleye.com. Retrieved 2011-04-05.  ^ Province: Trento
Trento
- Total Resident Population on 1st January 2010 by sex and marital status, ISTAT data. ^ a b "Tav. I.5 - Appartenenza alla popolazione di lingua ladina, mochena e cimbra, per comune di area di residenza (Censimento 2001)" (PDF). Annuario Statistico 2006 (in Italian). Autonomous Province of Trento. 2007. Retrieved 2011-05-12.  ^ " Trentino
Trentino
in figures" (PDF). Table 9 - Declarations of which language group belong to/affiliated to - Population Census 2001. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Trentino
Trentino
at Wikimedia Commons Official homepage of the provincial administration Official tourism infopage of Trentino

v t e

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol

Provinces

Trentino South Tyrol

Politics and government

Elections in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol List of Presidents of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol

Categories

v t e

Municipalities of Trentino

Ala Albiano Aldeno Altavalle Altopiano della Vigolana Amblar-Don Andalo Arco Avio Baselga di Pinè Bedollo Besenello Bieno Bleggio Superiore Bocenago Bondone Borgo Chiese Borgo Lares Borgo Valsugana Brentonico Bresimo Brez Caderzone Terme Cagnò Calceranica al Lago Caldes Caldonazzo Calliano Campitello di Fassa Campodenno Canal San Bovo Canazei Capriana Carano Carisolo Carzano Castel Condino Castelfondo Castel Ivano Castello Tesino Castello-Molina di Fiemme Castelnuovo Cavalese Cavareno Cavedago Cavedine Cavizzana Cembra Lisignago Cimone Cinte Tesino Cis Civezzano Cles Cloz Comano Terme Commezzadura Contà Croviana Daiano Dambel Denno Dimaro Folgarida Drena Dro Faedo Fai della Paganella Fiavé Fierozzo Folgaria Fondo Fornace Frassilongo Garniga Terme Giovo Giustino Grigno Imer Isera Ivano-Fracena Lavarone Lavis Ledro Levico Terme Livo Lona-Lases Luserna Madruzzo Malosco Malè Massimeno Mazzin Mezzana Mezzano Mezzocorona Mezzolombardo Moena Molveno Mori Nago-Torbole Nave San Rocco Nogaredo Nomi Novaledo Ospedaletto Ossana Palù del Fersina Panchià Peio Pellizzano Pelugo Pergine Valsugana Pieve Tesino Pieve di Bono-Prezzo Pinzolo Pomarolo Porte di Rendena Predaia Predazzo Primiero San Martino di Castrozza Rabbi Revò Riva del Garda Romallo Romeno Roncegno
Roncegno
Terme Ronchi Valsugana Ronzo-Chienis Ronzone Rovereto Roveré della Luna Ruffrè-Mendola Rumo Sagron Mis Samone San Lorenzo Dorsino San Michele all'Adige Sant'Orsola Terme Sanzeno Sarnonico Scurelle Segonzano Sella Giudicarie Sèn Jan di Fassa Sfruz Soraga
Soraga
di Fassa Sover Spiazzo Spormaggiore Sporminore Stenico Storo Strembo Telve Telve
Telve
di Sopra Tenna Tenno Terragnolo Terzolas Tesero Tione di Trento Ton Torcegno Trambileno Trento Tre Ville Valdaone Valfloriana Vallarsa Vallelaghi Varena Vermiglio Vignola-Falesina Villa Lagarina Ville d'Ananunia Volano Zambana Ziano di Fiemme

v t e

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
· Districts of Trentino

Alta Valsugana e Bersntol Altipiani Cimbri Alto Garda e Ledro Fascia Giudicarie Paganella Primiero Rotaliana-Königsberg Val d' Adige
Adige
(territory) Val di Fiemme Val di Non Vallagarina Valle dei Laghi Valle di Cembra Valle di Sole Valsugana e Tesino

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 142524838 ISNI: 0000 0001 0943 8808 GN

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