HOME
The Info List - Transportation Corps





The Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
was established 31 July 1942 by Executive Order 9082. The Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
is a combat service support branch of the U.S. Army, and was headquartered at Fort Eustis, Virginia, but moved to Fort Lee, Virginia
Virginia
in 2010.[1] It is also one of three U.S. Army
U.S. Army
logistics branches, the others being the Quartermaster
Quartermaster
Corps and the Ordnance Corps. The Transportation Corps is responsible for the movement of personnel and material by truck, rail, air, and sea. Its motto is "Spearhead of Logistics," and it is currently the third smallest branch of the Army.[2] The officer in charge of the branch for doctrine, training, and professional development purposes is the Chief of Transportation (COT). The current Chief of Transportation is Brigadier General Jeffrey W. Drushal.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 Civil War 1.3 Spanish–American War 1.4 World War I 1.5 World War II 1.6 Cold War

1.6.1 Korean War 1.6.2 Vietnam War

1.7 Gulf War 1.8 Post Cold War 1.9 Operation Enduring Freedom 1.10 Operation Iraqi Freedom

2 Move to Fort Lee 3 Transportation Battalions - partial list 4 Further reading 5 See also 6 External links 7 References

History[edit] Early history[edit] Civil War[edit] During the American Civil War, transportation proved to be an integral part of military logistics through the organization of railroads as a viable and efficient means of military transportation. The US Army centralized the management of rail into the US Military Railroad (USMRR). The Army
Army
Quartermaster
Quartermaster
purchased eight City-class ironclads on the Mississippi River in February 1862, a full month before the USS Monitor and CSS Virginia
Virginia
set sail. City Point, Virginia
Virginia
in 1864 would become the largest port operation in the Western Hemisphere in 1864. By 1864, five of the nine divisions in the Quartermaster
Quartermaster
Department dealt exclusively with transportation. A substantial number of battles were won because of the field commander's ability to swiftly and effectively move troops and supplies. Most wounded soldiers were carried away in a banana-shaped cart called a gondola.[2] See also United States
United States
Military Railroad. Spanish–American War[edit] During the Spanish–American War, the task of mobilizing and deploying a largely volunteer force to Cuba
Cuba
and the Philippines magnified the need for a separate transportation service within the Quartermaster
Quartermaster
Department. Army
Army
transporters worked with both the civilian railroads and the maritime industry to pull together a successful intermodal operation.[2] World War I[edit]

The Pop Valve a self-published magazine of the 19th Grand Division while based at Nevers, France
Nevers, France
in WWI

The American Expeditionary Force
American Expeditionary Force
that deployed to France
France
during World War I emphasized the need for a single transportation manager. William W. Atterbury, a former railroad executive, was commissioned as a brigadier general and appointed as the Director-General of Transportation and a separate Motor Transport Corps of the National Army
Army
was established to manage trucks on 15 August 1918. The United States Army
Army
School for Truck Drivers had been established by 9 July 1918;[3] and the Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
of the AEF was abolished after the war,[2] The M.T.C. subsequently conducted Transcontinental Motor Convoys in 1919 and 1920. World War II[edit] On 9 March 1942 the Transportation Service was established as part of the Services of Supply, and on 31 July 1942 the Transportation Service became the Transportation Corps.[4] In March 1942, the transportation functions were consolidated into the Transportation Division of the newly created Services of Supply. By the end of the war the Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
had moved more than 30 million soldiers within the continental United States; and 7 million soldiers plus 126 million tons of supplies overseas.[2] One of the greatest feats of the Transportation Corps, via the Military Railway Service, was the rebuilding of France's shattered railroad network after D-Day and the transportation of 1,500 locomotives and 20,000 railway cars specially built for the lighter French track system starting With D-Day +38. To speed the process, and avoid delays caused by French channel ports and docks destroyed by the retreating Germans, the Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
brought the heavy railroad stock across the channel and across the beaches in specially built LSTs.[5] As allied forces rapidly advanced across France
France
in the summer of 1944 a special transportation operation nicked named the Red Ball Express was carried out. The Red Ball Express
Red Ball Express
provided around the clock truck convoys from allied held ports to supply troops on the front. The story of the Red Ball Express
Red Ball Express
was told in the 1950s movie Red Ball Express. There was as short lived television series in the early 1970s named Roll Out
Roll Out
which focused on the experiences of a fictional African American motor transportation unit involved with the Red Ball Express. Cold War[edit] The Cold War between the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
extended from 1945 into 1991, spanning the Gulf War. When the Soviet Union cordoned off the city of Berlin in 1948, the Transportation Corps played a vital role in sustaining the city. Two years later, on 28 June 1950, President Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
established the Transportation Corps as a permanent branch of the Army.[2] Korean War[edit] During the Korean War, the Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
kept the UN Forces supplied through three winters. By the time the armistice was signed, the Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
had moved more than 3 million soldiers and 7 million tons of cargo.[2] Vietnam War[edit] The Vietnam War
Vietnam War
saw the most diversified assortment of transportation units ever assembled. For over a decade the Transportation Corps provided continuous support for American and allied forces through an unimproved tropical environment using watercraft, amphibians, motor trucks and Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
aircraft. The enemy threat to convoys required a unique solution - gun trucks.[2] On 31 July 1986, the Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
was inducted into the U.S. Army
Army
Regimental System. Gulf War[edit] In 1990 the Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
faced one of its greatest challenges with the onset of the Gulf War. During Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm, the Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
working out of ports on three continents demonstrating its ability to deploy and sustain massive forces.[2] Post Cold War[edit] Operations in Somalia, Rwanda, Haiti, Bosnia, and Iraq
Iraq
have also seen the deployment of large numbers of transportation units.[2] Operation Enduring Freedom[edit] When the coalition forces invaded Afghanistan, the Transportation Corps opened up the air line of communication into the country and until 2008, a single movement control battalion managed all logistics in Regional Command-East. As the number of brigade combat teams increased in Afghanistan in 2006, the Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
began ground convoy operations. Operation Iraqi Freedom[edit] The 143rd Transportation Command opened the port and supported the push to Baghdad in March 2003. After Baghdad fell in April, the maneuver operation matured into a sustainment operation with a hub and spoke supply line. Once the enemy began attacking convoys, the truck drivers responded with an age old solution of hardening trucks with steel and adding machine guns thus making gun trucks and convoy security a permanent part of Transportation doctrine. No matter how great the threat, the Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
delivered the goods. During Operation New Dawn, the Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
was responsible for retrograding all the equipment out of Iraq
Iraq
by the December 2012 deadline. Move to Fort Lee[edit] According to a September 2010 article in the Army
Army
News Service, "The first students to attend classes at the new Fort Lee Transportation School will be those enrolled in the transportation management coordinator course - MOS 88N (Military Occupational Specialty). It is the only one of the seven transportation MOS-producing courses that will be taught at Fort Lee (the others are taught elsewhere)."[1] For example, Cargo Specialist (MOS 88H), Watercraft Operator (MOS 88K) and Watercraft Engineer (MOS 88L) training is conducted at Fort Eustis, Virginia, as Fort Eustis
Fort Eustis
is the main housing of the Army's Watercraft. Motor Transportation Operator (truck driver, MOS 88M) training is conducted at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. Railway training for Army Reserve soldiers (MOSs 88P, 88T, and 88U) and Army
Army
civilian employees has remained at Fort Eustis, as there are only warehouse tracks and no railway system available for training at Fort Lee. Transportation Battalions - partial list[edit] 371st Sustainment Brigade

Transportation Battalions

Unit DUI Subordinate to Garrison

6th Transportation Battalion

7th Transportation Brigade Inactive

7th Transportation Battalion

82nd Sustainment Brigade Inactive

10th Transportation Battalion

7th Transportation Brigade Fort Eustis

11th Transportation Battalion

7th Transportation Brigade Fort Eustis

14th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control)

21st Theater Sustainment Command Inactive

24th Transportation Battalion

7th Sustainment Brigade Inactive

25th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control)

U.S. Army
U.S. Army
Medical Materiel Center – Korea Camp Carroll, South Korea

39th Transportation Battalion

21st Theater Sustainment Command Germany

49th Transportation Battalion

4th Sustainment Brigade Fort Hood

53rd Transportation Battalion

7th Transportation Brigade Fort Eustis

57th Transportation Battalion

593rd Expeditionary Sustainment Command Inactive

58th Transportation Battalion

3rd Chemical Brigade Fort Leonard Wood

71st Transportation Battalion

U.S. Army
U.S. Army
Transportation School Fort Lee

106th Transportation Battalion

101st Sustainment Brigade Inactive

180th Transportation Battalion

4th Sustainment Brigade Inactive

385th Transportation Battalion

654th Regional Support Group Tacoma

483rd Transportation Battalion

304th Sustainment Brigade Mare Island

718th Transportation Battalion

643rd Regional Support Group Rickenbacker ANGB

1144th Transportation Battalion

108th Sustainment Brigade Illinois Army
Army
National Guard

Further reading[edit]

Durie, William. The United States
United States
Garrison Berlin 1945-1994 (Mission Accomplished). ISBN 978-1-63068-540-9 (Amazon.com)published 2014.A chronicle of the US military presence in Berlin. Bykofsky, Joseph and Harold Larson. The Transportation Corps: Operations overseas (covers WW2) Center of Military History, United States Army, 2003 671 pages Google link Grover, David H. US Army
Army
Ships and Watercraft of World War II. ISBN 0-87021-766-6 Naval Institute Press, Annapolis MD, 1987 King, Benjamin, Richard C. Biggs, and Eric R. Criner. Spearhead of Logistics, a History of the United States
United States
Transportation Corps. Fort Eustis, Virginia: US Transportation Center (1994). Waddell, Steve R. United States Army
United States Army
Logistics: From the American Revolution to 9/11 (ABC-CLIO, 2010)

See also[edit]

United States Army
United States Army
portal Military of the United States
United States
portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to United States
United States
Army Transportation Corps.

List of ships of the United States
United States
Army United States
United States
Transportation Command Fort Story Fort Eustis
Fort Eustis
Military Railroad Category: United States Army
United States Army
locomotives Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
insignia [1]

External links[edit]

Destination Berlin: The Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
(World War II history booklet) The short film Big Picture: Army
Army
Transportation Corps
Transportation Corps
is available for free download at the Internet Archive 70 Years of the Transportation Corps, Richard E. Killblane The Institute of Heraldry: 385th Transportation Battalion The Transportation Corps

References[edit]

^ a b http://www.army.mil/article/45328/Transportation_School_at_Fort_Lee_prepares_for_first_students/ ^ a b c d e f g h i j USATCFE Overview Archived 17 September 2005 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Army
Army
and Navy
Navy
Notes". New York Times. 6 July 1919. Retrieved 3 April 2011. The newest of army training schools has just opened at the University of Virginia. It is the United States Army
United States Army
School for Truck Drivers. Over 500 men are now taking the course and the schedule of instruction calls for the graduation into the service of three classes of 600 men each between now and 20 Nov. next.  ^ http://www.lonesentry.com/gi_stories_booklets/transportationcorps/index.html ^ "There Highballing Now". Popular Science: 77–83. February 1945. 

v t e

United States
United States
Army

Leadership

Secretary of the Army Under Secretary of the Army Chief of Staff Vice Chief of Staff 4-star generals Army
Army
Staff Senior Warrant Officer Sergeant Major of the Army House Armed Services Committee (House Subcommittee on Air and Land Forces) Senate Committee on Armed Services (Senate Subcommittee on Air and Land Forces)

Components and commands

Regular Army Army
Army
Reserve Army
Army
National Guard Active Units Reorganization plan of United States
United States
Army

Army
Army
commands

Forces Training and Doctrine Materiel

Service components

Africa Central Europe Pacific North South Special
Special
Operations Surface Deployment and Distribution Space and Missile Defense Cyber Command

Direct reporting units

Second Army Medical Intelligence and Security Criminal Investigation Corps of Engineers Military District of Washington Test and Evaluation Military Academy Reserve Acquisition Support Center Installation Management War College

Field armies

First Second Third Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth Ninth

Branches

Acquisition Corps Adjutant General's Corps Air Defense Artillery Branch Armor Branch Aviation Branch Army
Army
Band Chaplain Corps Chemical Corps Civil Affairs Corps Corps of Engineers Dental Corps Field Artillery Branch Finance Corps Infantry Branch Inspector General's Corps Judge Advocate General's Corps Logistics Branch Medical Corps Medical Service Corps Medical Specialist Corps Military Intelligence Corps Military Police Corps Nurse Corps Ordnance Corps Psychological Operations Quartermaster
Quartermaster
Corps Signal Corps Special
Special
Forces Transportation Corps Veterinary Corps

Installations

United States
United States
and Overseas Germany Kosovo Kuwait South Korea

Training

Basic Training BOLC ROTC (ECP) OCS WOBC WOCS Military Academy (West Point) MOS

Uniforms and insignia

Awards and decorations Badges Branch Officer Warrant Enlisted

World War I World War II

Uniforms

Equipment

Individual weapons Crew-served weapons Vehicles

Premier ensembles

Army
Army
Field Band Army
Army
Band Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps West Point Band

History and traditions

History Continental Army Union Army National Army Army
Army
of the United States Center of Military History Institute of Heraldry America's Army Army
Army
Art Program Flag National Museum West Point Museum Rangers U.S. Army
U.S. Army
Regimental System Soldier's Creed "The Army
Army
Goes Rolling Along" Division nicknames Draft Service numbers

Category Portal

v t e

NATO Maritime Forces

Maritime forces

Albanian Naval Force Belgian Maritime Component Bulgarian Navy Royal Canadian Navy Croatian Navy

Royal Danish Navy Danish Naval Home Guard

Estonian Navy

French Navy French Maritime Gendarmerie

German Navy Hellenic Navy Icelandic Coast Guard Italian Navy Latvian Naval Forces Lithuanian Naval Force Montenegrin Navy Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Navy

Royal Norwegian Navy Norwegian Home Guard
Norwegian Home Guard
Naval Component

Polish Navy Portuguese Navy Romanian Naval Forces Slovenian Navy

Spanish Navy Spanish Royal Guard "Oceanic Sea" Composite Company

Turkish Naval Forces Turkish Coast Guard Command

Royal Navy

United States
United States
Navy United States
United States
Coast Guard

Land forces maritime component

Hungarian Ground Forces United States Army
United States Army
Transportation Corps

Air forces maritime component

United States
United States
Air Force mar

.