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Toyohashi
Toyohashi
(豊橋市, Toyohashi-shi) is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of March 2015[update], the city had an estimated population of 372,710 and a population density of 1,420 persons per km².[citation needed] The total area was 261.86 square kilometres (101.10 sq mi). By area, Toyohashi
Toyohashi
was Aichi Prefecture's second-largest city until March 31, 2005 when it was surpassed by the city of Toyota, which had merged with six peripheral municipalities.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Neighboring municipalities

2 History 3 Economy

3.1 Industry

4 Education

4.1 University 4.2 Primary and secondary schools 4.3 International schools

5 Transportation

5.1 Rail 5.2 Highway

5.2.1 Expressways 5.2.2 National highways

5.3 Bus

6 Media 7 Sister cities 8 Local attractions

8.1 Places of interest 8.2 Special
Special
products 8.3 Facilities and parks 8.4 Festivals 8.5 In popular culture

9 Gallery 10 Notable people from Toyohashi 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Geography[edit] Toyohashi
Toyohashi
is located in southeastern Aichi Prefecture, and is the capital of the informal "Higashi-Mikawa Region" of the prefecture. It is bordered by Shizuoka Prefecture
Shizuoka Prefecture
to the east, and by Mikawa Bay
Mikawa Bay
and the headlands of the Atsumi Peninsula
Atsumi Peninsula
to the west. To the south is the Enshu Bay of the Pacific Ocean. The presence of the warm Kuroshio Current offshore gives the city a temperate climate. The Katahama Jusan-ri Beach (片浜十三里) in Toyohashi
Toyohashi
is a sea turtle nesting spot. Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Aichi Prefecture:

Toyokawa Shinshiro Tahara

Shizuoka Prefecture:

Kita-ku, Hamamatsu Kosai

History[edit]

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The area around present-day Toyohashi
Toyohashi
has been inhabited for many thousands of years. Archaeologists have found human remains from the Japanese Paleolithic
Japanese Paleolithic
period, which have been carbon dated to more than 10,000 BC along with the bones of Naumann elephants. Numerous remains from the Jōmon period, and especially from the Yayoi and Kofun periods have also been found, including many kofun burial mounds. During the Nara period, the area was assigned to Atsumi, Hoi and Yana Districts of Mikawa Province
Mikawa Province
and prospered during subsequent periods as a post town on an important river crossing of the Tōkaidō connecting the capital with the eastern provinces. During the Sengoku period, the area was a highly contested zone between the Imagawa clan based in Suruga Province
Suruga Province
and various local warlords, who built a number of fortifications in the area, including Yoshida Castle. The rising power of the Matsudaira clan
Matsudaira clan
and its alliance with Oda Nobunaga eventually neutralized the threat posed by the Imagawa, and the area became part of the holdings of Tokugawa Ieyasu. Following the Battle of Odawara
Odawara
in 1590, Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
ordered the Tokugawa clan
Tokugawa clan
to relocate to the Kantō region
Kantō region
and assigned the castle to Ikeda Terumasa. Ikeda developed the surrounding castle town and embarked on a massive and ambitious plan to rebuild Yoshida Castle. However, following the Battle of Sekigahara, he was relocated to Himeji Castle. After the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate, Yoshida Castle became the center of Yoshida Domain, a clan fief. The domain was assigned to several different fudai daimyō clans until coming into the possession of the Matsudaira (Nagasawa-Ōkōchi) clan in 1752, which remained in residence at Yoshida until the Meiji Restoration. The final daimyō of Yoshida, Matsudaira Nobuhisa, surrendered the domain to the Meiji government in 1868. In 1869, the name of the domain was formally changed from Yoshida to Toyohashi. With the establishment of the municipalities system under the Meiji government in 1879, Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Town was created within Atsumi District, Aichi Prefecture. Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Zoo was established in 1899. The town achieved city status in 1906. A tram system (the present-day Toyohashi Railway Asumadai Main Line) was established in 1925. In 1932, Toyohashi
Toyohashi
expanded its borders by annexing Shimoji Town (Hoi District), Takashi Village, Muroyoshida Village (Atsumi District), and Shimokawa Village (Yana District). Toyohashi
Toyohashi
suffered considerable damage during the 1944 Tōnankai earthquake, and even more damage during the Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Air Raid, which destroyed more than 60% of the city in June 1945. In 1955, Toyohashi’s geographic extent was expanded again with the annexation of neighboring Maeshiba Village (Hoi District), Futagawa Village, Takatoyo Village, Oitsu Village (Atsumi District) and Ishimaki Village (Yana District). Toyohashi
Toyohashi
achieved core city status in 1999 with increased autonomy from the prefectural government. Economy[edit]

Cabbage field in Oshimizu-cho

Port of Toyohashi

Downtown of Toyohashi
Toyohashi
city

Mikawa Port is a major port for worldwide trade, and its presence has made Toyohashi
Toyohashi
the largest import and export hub in Japan
Japan
for automobiles, in volume terms. Compared to other ports around the world, Mikawa is roughly on a par with the German port of Bremerhaven.[1] Industry[edit] Automobiles made by

Toyota, Mitsubishi, Suzuki Motors, Daimler-Chrysler, Ford, Audi, Porsche,and Volkswagen
Volkswagen
are imported and exported through Toyohashi
Toyohashi
port.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Toyohashi
Toyohashi
University of Technology

Aichi University Toyohashi
Toyohashi
campuses

University[edit]

National university

Toyohashi
Toyohashi
University of Technology

Private university

Aichi University Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Sozo College

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Toyohashi
Toyohashi
has 52 elementary schools, 22 public and one private middle schools, and eight public and three private high schools, in addition to three special education schools.[citation needed]

International schools[edit]

Escola Alegria de Saber (エスコーラ・アレグリア・デ・サベール) - Brazilian school[2] Escola Cantinho Brasileiro (カンティーニョ学園) - Brazilian primary school[2] EJA Interativo – Educação de Jovens e Adultos - Brazilian institution[2] Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Korean Elementary School and Kindergarten (豊橋朝鮮初級学校) - North Korean school[3]

Transportation[edit] Rail[edit] Toyohashi Station
Toyohashi Station
is on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Tōkaidō Shinkansen
and the Tōkaidō Main Line. Hikari shinkansen services stop at Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Station approximately once every two hours, and Kodama services stop twice an hour. Toyohashi Station
Toyohashi Station
is also the terminus of the Iida Line, Meitetsu Nagoya
Nagoya
Main Line, Toyohashi Railroad
Toyohashi Railroad
Atsumi Line, and the Toyohashi Railroad
Toyohashi Railroad
Azumada Main Line, making it an important transportation hub.

JR Central
JR Central
– Tōkaidō Main Line

Toyohashi • Futagawa JR Central
JR Central
– Iida Line Toyohashi • Funamachi • Shimoji

Meitetsu Nagoya
Nagoya
Line

Toyohashi

Toyohashi Railroad
Toyohashi Railroad
Atsumi Line

Shin-Toyohashi • Yagyu-bashi • Koike • Aichidaigakumae • Minami-Sakae • Takashi • Ashihara • Ueta • Mukougaoka • Ōshimizu • Oitsu • Sugiyama

Toyohashi Railroad
Toyohashi Railroad
Azumada Main Line (tram)

Ekimae • Ekimae-ōdōri • Shinkawa • Fudagi • Shiyakushomae • Toyohashi-kōenmae • Higashi-hatchō • Maehata • Azumada-sakaue • Azumada • Keirinjōmae • Ihara • Akaiwaguchi Ihara • Undōkōen-mae

Highway[edit] Expressways[edit]

Tomei Expressway

National highways[edit]

National Route 1 National Route 23 National Route 42 National Route 151 National Route 259 National Route 362

Bus[edit] Almost all services are operated by Toyotetsu Bus, a subsidiary of Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Railroad.

Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Station

Ekimae-Ôdôri Main street

Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Railroad

Toyotetsu Bus

Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Tollgate

Port of Toyohashi

Media[edit]

FM Toyohashi
FM Toyohashi
(JOZZ6AA-FM, 84.30 MHz) Higashi Aichi Newspaper Tonichi Shimbun Newspaper

Sister cities[edit]

Sister cities

– Nantong, Jiangsu, China,[4] since May 1987 – Toledo, Ohio, USA since April 2000[5]

Friendship cities

- Jinju, Korea,since 1992 - Paranavaí, Brazil,since 2008 – Wolfsburg, Germany,[4]since 2011

Local attractions[edit] Places of interest[edit]

Yoshida Castle

Toyohashi
Toyohashi
city public hall

Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Natural History Museum

Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Park, which includes the site of Yoshida Castle (吉田城址), and the Toyohashi
Toyohashi
City Museum Art and History. Site of Nirengi Castle Toyohashi
Toyohashi
City Public Hall (豊橋市公会堂 Toyohashi-shi Kōkaidō), a National Important Cultural Property .[6] Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Orthodox Cathedral (豊橋ハリストス正教会), a National Important Cultural Property Futagawa-juku
Futagawa-juku
honjin museum Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Zoo Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Natural History Museum Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Museum of Natural Resources

Special
Special
products[edit] Chikuwa
Chikuwa
(a type of baked sausage roll made from fish), Gohei rice cake (五平餅, Gohei-mochi), beach fermented soybeans, food boiled in goby fish and soy, top producer of quail eggs in Japan, Toyohashi calligraphy brush (豊橋筆 Toyohashi-fude). Facilities and parks[edit] Toyohashi
Toyohashi
has many parks, including the Natural History Museum and Zoological Park, the Imou swamp, Mikawa Seaside Forest, Kamo Iris Garden, and the Mukaiyama Ume
Ume
Garden. It also has what is considered one of the best surfing beaches in Aichi and the surrounding region.[6] Festivals[edit] Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Festival, Spring Festival, Iris Flower Festival, Gion Festival, Demon Festival (February), and traditional marionette performances (Akumi joruri). At some of these festivals, especially the summer festivals, the use of traditionally handcrafted fireworks is showcased, and include hand-held bamboo-tube fireworks known as tezutsu hanabi. In popular culture[edit] In the fictional Harry Potter universe, Toyohashi
Toyohashi
is the hometown of the professional Quidditch
Quidditch
team, the Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Tengu.[7] In the Takeshi Kitano
Takeshi Kitano
movie Kikujiro, the story revolves around the characters' trip from Tokyo
Tokyo
to Toyohashi. Gallery[edit]

Cocola Avenue

Hanazono Town

Matsuba Park

Seapalace Resort

Aquarena Toyohashi

Mukaiyama-Oike Ponds

Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Orthodox Church

Tezutsu Fireworks

Notable people from Toyohashi[edit]

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Buyūzan Takeyoshi, sumo wrestler Daniel (Nushiro) of Japan, primate of Japanese Orthodox Church Yoshitaka Iwamizu, Olympic long-distance runner Kitaro, musician Aya Kitō, writer Masaji Kiyokawa, Olympic gold-medalist swimmer Masatoshi Koshiba, Nobel Prize winner Ken Matsudaira, actor Rena Matsui, member of girl-group SKE48 Yūji Mitsuya, actor, voice actor Sakura Nogawa, voice actress Kenichi Ogawa. boxer Yoshio Sawai, manga artist Akiko Suzuki, professional figure skater Sakon Yamamoto, professional race car driver Masahiko Morifuku. professional baseball player Atsushi Fujii, professional baseball player

See also[edit]

18th Infantry Regiment (Imperial Japanese Army) Black Thunder (chocolate bar) Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Higashimikawa Phoenix Nirengi Castle Nishikawa Castle Siege of Yoshida Castle Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Air Raid Toyokawa Bridge

References[edit]

^ Toyohashi
Toyohashi
City / Welcome ^ a b c "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil
Brazil
in Tokyo. Retrieved on October 13, 2015. ^ "アクセス." Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Korean Elementary School and Kindergarten. Retrieved on October 14, 2015. "愛知県豊橋市柳生町19" ^ a b "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015.  ^ "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 11 March 2014.  ^ a b Toyohashi
Toyohashi
Culture Map ^ Whisp, Kennilworthy (2001). Quidditch
Quidditch
Through the Ages. WhizzHard Books. pp. 31–46. ISBN 1-55192-454-4. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toyohashi, Aichi.

Toyohashi
Toyohashi
travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website (in Japanese)

v t e

Aichi Prefecture

Nagoya
Nagoya
(capital)

Wards of Nagoya

Atsuta Chikusa Higashi Kita Meitō Midori Minami Minato Mizuho Moriyama Naka Nakagawa Nakamura Nishi Shōwa Tempaku

Core cities

Okazaki Toyohashi Toyota

Special
Special
cities

Ichinomiya Kasugai

Cities

Aisai Ama Anjō Chiryū Chita Gamagōri Handa Hekinan Inazawa Inuyama Iwakura Kariya Kitanagoya Kiyosu Komaki Kōnan Miyoshi Nagakute Nishio Nisshin Ōbu Owariasahi Seto Shinshiro Tahara Takahama Tokoname Tōkai Toyoake Toyokawa Tsushima Yatomi

Aichi District

Tōgō

Ama District

Kanie Ōharu Tobishima

Chita District

Agui Higashiura Mihama Minamichita Taketoyo

Kitashitara District

Shitara Tōei Toyone

Nishikasugai District

Toyoyama

Niwa District

Fusō Ōguchi

Nukata District

Kōta

List of mergers in Aichi Prefecture

v t e

Metropolitan cities of Japan

Tokyo
Tokyo
Metropolis

Special
Special
wards of Tokyo※ (Adachi Arakawa Bunkyo Chiyoda Chūō Edogawa Itabashi Katsushika Kita Koto Meguro Minato Nakano Nerima Ōta Setagaya Shibuya Shinagawa Shinjuku Suginami Sumida Toshima Taitō)

Designated cities

Chiba※ Fukuoka※ Hamamatsu Hiroshima※ Kawasaki Kitakyushu Kobe※ Kumamoto※ Kyoto※ Nagoya※ Niigata※ Okayama※ Osaka※ Sagamihara Saitama※ Sakai Sapporo※ Sendai※ Shizuoka※ Yokohama※

Core cities

Akita※ Amagasaki Aomori※ Asahikawa Fukuyama Funabashi Gifu※ Hachinohe Hachiōji Hakodate Higashiōsaka Himeji Hirakata Iwaki Kagoshima※ Kanazawa※ Kashiwa Kawagoe Kōchi※ Kōriyama Koshigaya Kurashiki Kure Kurume Maebashi※ Matsuyama※ Miyazaki※ Morioka※ Naha Nagano※ Nagasaki※ Nara※ Nishinomiya Ōita※ Okazaki Ōtsu※ Sasebo Shimonoseki Takamatsu※ Takasaki Takatsuki Toyama※ Toyohashi Toyonaka Toyota Utsunomiya※ Wakayama※ Yokosuka

Special
Special
cities

Akashi Atsugi Chigasaki Fuji Fukui※ Hiratsuka Ibaraki Ichinomiya Isesaki Jōetsu Kakogawa Kasugai Kasukabe Kawaguchi Kishiwada Kōfu※ Kumagaya Matsue※ Matsumoto Mito※ Nagaoka Neyagawa Numazu Odawara Ōta Saga※ Sōka Suita Takarazuka Tokorozawa Tottori※ Tsukuba Yamagata※ Yamato Yao Yokkaichi

Prefectural capitals

Fukushima Tsu Tokushima Yamaguchi

Note: ※ also a prefectural capital

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 248142560 GND: 42113

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