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The London Gazette
The London Gazette
is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published. The London Gazette
The London Gazette
claims to be the oldest surviving English newspaper and the oldest continuously published newspaper in the UK, having been first published on 7 November 1665 as The Oxford
Oxford
Gazette.[note 1][2] This claim is also made by the Stamford Mercury (1712) and Berrow's Worcester Journal (1690), because The Gazette is not a conventional newspaper offering general news coverage. It does not have a large circulation. Other official newspapers of the UK government are The Edinburgh Gazette and The Belfast Gazette, which, apart from reproducing certain materials of nationwide interest published in The London Gazette, also contain publications specific to Scotland
Scotland
and Northern Ireland, respectively. In turn, The London Gazette
The London Gazette
carries not only notices of UK-wide interest, but also those relating specifically to entities or people in England and Wales. However, certain notices that are only of specific interest to Scotland
Scotland
or Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
are also required to be published in The London Gazette. The London, Edinburgh and Belfast Gazettes are published by TSO (The Stationery Office) on behalf of Her Majesty's Stationery Office. They are subject to Crown copyright.

Contents

1 Current publication 2 History 3 "Gazetted" 4 Colonial gazettes 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links

Current publication[edit] The London Gazette
The London Gazette
is published each weekday, except for bank holidays. Notices for the following, among others, are published:

Granting of royal assent to bills of the Parliament of the United Kingdom or of the Scottish Parliament The issuance of writs of election when a vacancy occurs in the House of Commons Appointments to certain public offices Commissions in the Armed Forces and subsequent promotion of officers Corporate and personal insolvency Granting of awards of honours and military medals Changes of names or of coats of arms Royal Proclamations and other Declarations Her Majesty's Stationery Office has digitised all issues of the Gazette, and these are available online.[3] The official Gazettes are published by The Stationery Office. The content, apart from insolvency notices, is available in a number of machine-readable formats, including XML
XML
(delivery by email/FTP) and XML/ RDFa
RDFa
via Atom feed.[4]

History[edit] The London Gazette, dated 14–17 May 1705 detailing the return of John Leake
John Leake
from Gibraltar
Gibraltar
after the Battle of Cabrita Point. The London Gazette
The London Gazette
was first published as The Oxford
Oxford
Gazette on 7 November 1665. Charles II and the Royal Court had moved to Oxford
Oxford
to escape the Great Plague of London, and courtiers were unwilling to touch London newspapers for fear of contagion. The Gazette was "Published by Authority" by Henry Muddiman, and its first publication is noted by Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
in his diary. The King returned to London as the plague dissipated, and the Gazette moved too, with the first issue of The London Gazette
The London Gazette
(labelled No. 24) being published on 5 February 1666.[5] The Gazette was not a newspaper in the modern sense: it was sent by post to subscribers, not printed for sale to the general public. Her Majesty's Stationery Office took over the publication of the Gazette in 1889. Publication of the Gazette was transferred to the private sector, under government supervision, in the 1990s, when HMSO was sold and renamed The Stationery Office.

"Gazetted"[edit] In time of war, despatches from the various conflicts are published in The London Gazette. People referred to are said to have been mentioned in despatches. When members of the armed forces are promoted, and these promotions are published here, the person is said to have been "gazetted". Being "gazetted" (or "in the gazette") sometimes also meant having official notice of one's bankruptcy published,[citation needed] as in the classic ten-line poem comparing the stolid tenant farmer of 1722 to the lavishly spending faux-genteel farmers of 1822:[6]

.mw-parser-output .templatequote overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px .mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0 Man to the plough / Wife to the cow Girl to the yarn / Boy to the barn And your rent will be netted.

Man tally-ho / Miss piano Wife silk and satin / Boy Greek and Latin And you'll all be Gazetted.

Notices of engagement and marriage were also formerly published in the Gazette.

Colonial gazettes[edit] For a more comprehensive list, see List of British colonial gazettes. Gazettes, modelled on The London Gazette, were issued for most British colonial possessions.

See also[edit]

London portal Journalism portal History of British newspapers Iris Oifigiúil The Dublin Gazette – in Ireland London Gazette index Official Journal of the European Union List of government gazettes Notes[edit]

^ Until 1752 and the changes introduced by Calendar (New Style) Act 1750, the Gazette was published with a dateline based on the Julian calendar with the start of year as 25 March. Modern secondary sources usually adjust the start of the calendar year during this period to 1 January. Using this adjustment a London Gazette issue dated 4 January 1723 was published in 1724, the same year as an issue published on 4 April 1724 (See the article Old Style and New Style dates).[1]

References[edit]

^ "No. 6231". The London Gazette. 4 January 1723. p. 1..mw-parser-output cite.citation font-style:inherit .mw-parser-output .citation q quotes:"""""""'""'" .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration color:#555 .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output code.cs1-code color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error display:none;font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format font-size:95% .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left padding-left:0.2em .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right padding-right:0.2em ; "No. 6257". The London Gazette. 4 April 1724. p. 1.

^ "No. 1". The Oxford
Oxford
Gazette. 7 November 1665. p. 1.

^ Search the London Gazette Archive

^ "Data Re-use". The London Gazette. Retrieved 10 December 2015.

^ "No. 24". The London Gazette. 5 February 1666. p. 1.

^ By William Hone
William Hone
(1827); published by Hunt and Clarke.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to The London Gazette.

London, Edinburgh and Belfast Gazettes official site Great Fire of London
Great Fire of London
1666 – Facsimile and transcript of London Gazette report Authority control GND: 4573017-9 VIAF: 200810916 WorldCat Identities
WorldCat Identities
(via

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