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Stephen Ailes
Stephen Ailes
(March 25, 1912 – June 30, 2001) was a prominent member of the District of Columbia Bar and a partner in the firm of Steptoe & Johnson. He served as the United States Under Secretary of the Army from February 9, 1961 to January 28, 1964[1] and as United States Secretary of the Army from January 28, 1964 to July 1, 1965. He received his undergraduate education at Princeton University, and attended the law school of West Virginia
West Virginia
University, where he was a member of Phi Kappa Psi
Phi Kappa Psi
Fraternity.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Legal career 3 Government career 4 Personal life 5 References 6 External links

Early life and education[edit] Stephen was born in Romney, West Virginia, on May 25, 1912.[1] He attended the Scarborough School
Scarborough School
in New York with his brother,[2] and later attended Episcopal High School in Alexandria, Virginia
Alexandria, Virginia
and graduated in 1929.[1] He graduated from Princeton University
Princeton University
in 1933[1] and received his law degree from West Virginia University
West Virginia University
in 1936. He was admitted to the West Virginia
West Virginia
bar in 1936.[1] Legal career[edit] He was appointed assistant professor of law at West Virginia University, 1937 – 1940.[1] He was prevented from military service due to color blindness;[3] but later he was hired at the Office of Price Administration in 1942 until 1946.[1] He served as counsel to the American Economic Mission to Greece in 1947, and then returned to private practice at Steptoe & Johnson in 1948; beforce entering government services. Government career[edit] Ailes served as Under Secretary of the Army, 9 February 1961 until 28 January 1964[1] and he was then promoted to Secretary of the Army until 1 July 1965.[1] He is oft credited as the driving force for the creation[4] of the United States Army
United States Army
Drill Sergeant program. He conducted a far-reaching survey over time that included a wide variety of experienced personnel across all the services and the results contained five principal findings, with appropriate recommendations and suggestions for eliminating the problems encountered. The Training and Doctrine Command's annual Drill Sergeant of the Year award is named after Ailes.[5] Ailes came under heavy criticism by both Democrats and Republicans in early 1965 when he sought funding from a U.S. Senate appropriations subcommittee for what was quickly derided as the "Instant Veteran Program". As critics summarized the Ailes proposal, up to "8,000 young men incapable of meeting the minimum physical and mental requirements for military service" would be still be inducted into the U.S. and "could serve one day and then be discharged as a veteran, eligible for veterans' benefits available to service men who had completed long periods in uniform." [6] Ailes testified that the plan (which the subcommittee declined to endorse) would cost $31,300,000 in its first year in 1965 dollars, the equivalent of $235 million fifty years later. [7] From 1965 to 1970, Ailes was head of the Federal City Council, a group of business, civic, education, and other leaders interested in economic development in Washington, D.C.[8] Personal life[edit] Stephen married Helen 'Nellie' Wales on June 24, 1939.[9] and had four children. He died on June 30, 2001 from a stroke at his home in Bethesda, Maryland.[9] He is buried in his home town of Romney at Indian Mound Cemetery.

Gravestone
Gravestone
at the interment site of Stephen Ailes
Stephen Ailes
and his wife Helen Wales Ailes at Indian Mound Cemetery
Indian Mound Cemetery
in Romney, West Virginia.

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i Bell, William Gardner (1992). ""Stephen Ailes"". Secretaries of War and Secretaries of the Army: Portraits and Biographical Sketches. United States Army
United States Army
Center of Military History. Retrieved September 22, 2007.  ^ " Stephen Ailes
Stephen Ailes
('36 JD)". West Virginia University
West Virginia University
Alumni Association. Retrieved November 17, 2014.  ^ Barnes, Bart (July 8, 2001). "Stephen Ailes; Army Secretary in '60s". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 25, 2011.  ^ "History of the Drill Sergeant". United States Army. Retrieved September 2, 2012.  ^ " Stephen Ailes
Stephen Ailes
Award". Association of the United States Army. Archived from the original on October 18, 2006. Retrieved September 2, 2012.  ^ "Rap 'Instant Veteran' Plan— Senators Ask How Day Can Equal Years— Hit Ailes Idea as Social Scheme", Chicago Tribune, February 16, 1965, p1 ^ CPI Inflation Calculator, Bureau of Labor Statistics ^ Barnes, Bart (July 6, 2001). " Stephen Ailes
Stephen Ailes
Dies". The Washington Post. p. B6 ; " Federal City Council
Federal City Council
Elected". The Washington Post. September 30, 1970. p. D9.  ^ a b " Stephen Ailes
Stephen Ailes
'33". Princeton Alumni Weekly. October 24, 2001. Archived from the original on October 5, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2011. 

External links[edit] Media related to Stephen Ailes
Stephen Ailes
at Wikimedia Commons

Stephen Ailes
Stephen Ailes
at West Virginia
West Virginia
University

Government offices

Preceded by Hugh M. Milton II United States Under Secretary of the Army February 1961 – January 1964 Succeeded by Paul Robert Ignatius

Preceded by Cyrus Roberts Vance United States Secretary of the Army January 1964 – July 1965 Succeeded by Stanley R. Resor

v t e

United States Secretaries of War and the Army

Department of War (1789–1947)

Secretaries of War

B. Lincoln Knox Pickering McHenry Dexter Dearborn Eustis Armstrong Monroe W. Crawford Calhoun Barbour P. Porter Eaton Cass Poinsett Bell Spencer J. Porter Wilkins Marcy G. Crawford Conrad J. Davis Floyd Holt S. Cameron Stanton Schofield Rawlins Belknap A. Taft J. Cameron McCrary Ramsey R. Lincoln Endicott Proctor Elkins Lamont Alger Root W. Taft Wright Dickinson Stimson Garrison Baker Weeks D. Davis Good Hurley Dern Woodring Stimson Patterson Royall

Assistant Secretaries of War

Scott Watson Tucker Wolcott Dana Eckert Grant Doe Meiklejohn Sanger Oliver Breckinridge Ingraham Crowell Williams Wainwright D. Davis MacNider Robbins Hurley Payne Woodring L. Johnson Patterson McCloy Petersen

Under Secretaries of War

Patterson Royall Draper

Department of the Army (1947–present)

Secretaries of the Army

Royall Gray Pace Stevens Brucker Stahr Vance Ailes Resor Froehlke Callaway Hoffmann C. Alexander Marsh Stone West Caldera White Harvey Geren McHugh Fanning Esper

Under Secretaries of the Army

Draper Gray Voorhees A. Alexander Bendetsen E. Johnson Slezak Finucane Milton Ailes Ignatius Resor McGiffert Beal BeLieu Staudt Augustine LaBerge Ambrose Stone Shannon Reeder Walker Rostker Dahlberg Brownlee Geren Ford Westphal Carson Murphy McCarthy

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 11329476 LCCN: n86099098 SN

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