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The Government of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
(GoSL) (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා රජය Śrī Laṃkā Rajaya) is a semi-presidential system determined by the Sri Lankan Constitution. The GoSL administers Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
from both its commercial capital of Colombo
Colombo
and the administrative capital of Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte.[1]

Presidential Secretariat, Colombo
Colombo
1

Contents

1 Constitution 2 Executive branch 3 Elections 4 Legislative branch 5 Judicial Branch 6 References 7 External links

Constitution[edit] Main article: Constitution
Constitution
of Sri Lanka The Constitution of Sri Lanka
Constitution of Sri Lanka
has been the constitution of the island nation of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
since its original promulgation by the National State Assembly on 7 September 1978. It is Sri Lanka's second republican constitution, and its third constitution since the country's independence (as Ceylon) in 1948. As of April 2015 it has been formally amended 19 times. Executive branch[edit] Main article: President of Sri Lanka The President, directly elected for a five-year term, is head of state, head of government, and commander in chief of the armed forces. The election occurs under the Sri Lankan form of the contingent vote. Responsible to Parliament for the exercise of duties under the constitution and laws, the president may be removed from office by a two-thirds vote of Parliament with the concurrence of the Supreme Court. The President appoints and heads a cabinet of ministers responsible to Parliament. The President's deputy is the prime minister, who leads the ruling party in Parliament. A parliamentary no-confidence vote requires dissolution of the cabinet and the appointment of a new one by the President.

Main office holders

Office Name Party Since

President Maithripala Sirisena Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Freedom Party 9 January 2015

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe United National Party 17 August 2015

Elections[edit] Main article: Elections in Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term by the people. The Parliament has 225 members, elected for a five-year term, 196 members elected in multi-seat constituencies through proportional representation system where each party is allocated a number of seats from the quota for each district according to the proportion of the total vote that party obtains in the district. Legislative branch[edit] Main article: Parliament of Sri Lanka

The Parliament of Sri Lanka

The Parliament has 225 members, elected for a six-year term, 196 members elected in multi-seat constituencies and 29 by proportional representation. The President may summon, suspend, or end a legislative session and dissolve Parliament any time after it has served for one year. Parliament reserves the power to make all laws. The primary modification is that the party that receives the largest number of valid votes in each constituency gains a unique "bonus seat" (see Hickman, 1999). Since its independence in 1948, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
has remained a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Judicial Branch[edit] Main article: Judiciary of Sri Lanka Main article: Law of Sri Lanka

Supreme Court Complex, Hultsdorf

The judiciary is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the country. It is set out in the constitution, which defines courts as independent institutions within the traditional framework of checks and balances. The Sri Lankan courts are presided over by professional judges, judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President with the nomination of the Parliamentary Council, others by the Judicial Service Commission.[2] Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
has a legal system which is an amalgam of English common law, Roman-Dutch civil law and Customary Law.

Sri Lanka

This article is part of a series on the politics and government of Sri Lanka

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President (List)

Maithripala Sirisena

Prime Minister (List)

Ranil Wickremesinghe

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Judiciary

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Chief Justice (K. Sripavan)

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Administrative geography

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References[edit]

^ Boxall, Sheryl (2008). DeRouen, Karl; Bellamy, Paul, eds. International Security and the United States: An Encyclopedia, Volume 2. Westport, Connecticut, USA: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 728. ISBN 978-0-275-99255-2.  ^ "Judicial System of Sri Lanka". Commonwealth Governance. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 

External links[edit]

Sri Lanka
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portal

General

Government of Sri Lanka The Official Website of the Data and Information Unit of the Presidential Secretariat, Sri Lanka

Law

Official site of the Judicial Service Commission Secretariat Sri Lanka's Legal Information Network

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Official site of the Presidency Official site of the Presidential Secretariat

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Official site of the Parliament of Sri Lanka

Judiciary

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