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The Srem District
Srem District
(Serbian: Сремски округ / Sremski okrug, pronounced [srɛ̂ːmskiː ôkruːɡ]) is one of seven administrative districts of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. It lies in the geographical regions of Syrmia
Syrmia
and Mačva. According to the 2011 census results, it has a population of 312,278 inhabitants. The administrative center is the city of Sremska Mitrovica.

Contents

1 Name 2 Administration 3 History 4 Demographics

4.1 Ethnic groups

5 Culture 6 Economy 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Name[edit] In Serbian, the district is known as Sremski okrug (Сремски округ), in Croatian as Srijemski okrug, in Hungarian as Szerémségi Körzet, in Slovak as Sriemskí okres, in Rusyn as Srimski okruh (Сримски окрух), and in Romanian as Districtul Srem. Administration[edit] The Srem District
Srem District
is one of seven districts (first-level administrative divisions) of Vojvodina
Vojvodina
(and 29 of Serbia). Districts are regional centers and do not have any form of self-government. The District includes the municipalities of:

Inđija Irig Pećinci Ruma Sremska Mitrovica Stara Pazova Šid

History[edit] In Late antiquity, between the 3rd and 5th centuries, the city of Sirmium
Sirmium
(present-day Sremska Mitrovica) was a capital of the Roman province of Pannonia Secunda. In the 6th century Sirmium
Sirmium
was the capital of Byzantine Pannonia. In the 7th century, during Avar administration, the area was ruled by Bulgar local ruler Kuber, while in the 11th century, it was ruled by independent Bulgarian-Slavic duke Sermon. In the 11th century, it was part of the Byzantine Theme of Sirmium. During the administration of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary (12th–16th century), the area was divided between Sirmiensis and Valkoensis counties. During Ottoman administration (16th–18th century), the area was initially a part of the vassal Ottoman duchy of Syrmia
Syrmia
ruled by Serb duke Radoslav Čelnik
Radoslav Čelnik
and was subsequently included into the Sanjak of Syrmia. During Habsburg administration (18th-19th century), the area was divided between the Syrmia
Syrmia
County and the Military Frontier. In the 1850s, northern parts of the area were part of the Novi Sad
Novi Sad
District, but were again included into Syrmia
Syrmia
County after 1860. Since the abolishment of the Military Frontier in 1882, Syrmian parts of the Frontier were also included into Syrmia
Syrmia
County. During the royal Serb-Croat-Slovene (Yugoslav) administration (1918-1941), the area was part of the Syrmia
Syrmia
County (1918-1922) and Syrmia
Syrmia
Oblast (1922-1929). From 1929 to 1931, the area was divided between Danube Banovina
Danube Banovina
in the north-east and Drina Banovina
Drina Banovina
in the south-west, while from 1931 to 1939 the area was part of the Danube Banovina. From 1939 to 1941, north-western parts of the area were part of the Banovina of Croatia. During the German-Croatian Axis occupation (1941-1944), the area was included into the Grand County of Vuka. Since 1944, the area was part of autonomous Yugoslav Vojvodina
Vojvodina
(which was part of new socialist Yugoslav Serbia
Serbia
since 1945). The present-day districts of Serbia (including Syrmia
Syrmia
District) were defined by the Government of Serbia's Enactment of 29 January 1992. Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1948 209,943 —    

1953 223,642 +1.27%

1961 260,226 +1.91%

1971 287,474 +1.00%

1981 306,085 +0.63%

1991 309,981 +0.13%

2002 335,901 +0.73%

2011 312,278 −0.81%

Source: [1]

According to the last official census done in 2011, the Srem District has 312,278 inhabitants. Ethnic groups[edit] Ethnic composition of the Srem district:[2]

Ethnic group Population

Serbs 265,272

Croats 8,758

Slovaks 8,154

Romani 5,488

Hungarians 3,789

Rusyns 1,689

Yugoslavs 1,122

Ukrainians 1,055

Macedonians 606

Montenegrins 493

Germans 249

Muslims 246

Slovenes 244

Russians 183

Albanians 173

Others 14,757

Total 312,278

Culture[edit] The monasteries on the Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora
mountain are the greatest cultural treasure of this region. They include the Grgeteg Monastery
Grgeteg Monastery
from 1471 and the Jazak Monastery
Jazak Monastery
from 1522. The Krušedol Monastery
Krušedol Monastery
is a true treasury of the Vojvodinan painting. It was founded in 1514 as an endowment of Orthodox bishop Maksim Branković and his mother Angelina. In the Novo Hopovo Monastery
Novo Hopovo Monastery
particularly attractive is the church architecture and the fresco paintings. The exact time of its first construction is unknown, but 1765 is known as the year of its reconstruction. Economy[edit] Leading actors in the economy of Sremska Mitrovica
Sremska Mitrovica
are the "Matroz" factory of cellulose and paper, the Wood Combine, the "1 novembar" furniture factory and the "Woods of Serbia". See also[edit]

Administrative divisions of Serbia Districts of Serbia

References[edit]

^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 16 January 2017.  ^ "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 

Note: All official material made by Government of Serbia
Serbia
is public by law. Information was taken from official website. External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Syrmia
Syrmia
District.

www.sremski.okrug.gov.rs

Places adjacent to Srem District

South Bačka District Central Banat District

 Croatia

Srem District

 Bosnia and Herzegovina Mačva
Mačva
District Belgrade

v t e

Cities, towns and villages in the Srem District

Sremska Mitrovica

Bešenovački Prnjavor Bešenovo Bosut Veliki Radinci Grgurevci Divoš Zasavica I Zasavica II Jarak Kuzmin Laćarak Ležimir Manđelos Martinci Mačvanska Mitrovica Noćaj Ravnje Radenković Salaš Noćajski Sremska Rača Stara Bingula Čalma Šašinci Šišatovac Šuljam

Inđija

Beška Jarkovci Krčedin Ljukovo Maradik Novi Karlovci Novi Slankamen Slankamenački Vinogradi Stari Slankamen Čortanovci

Irig

Velika Remeta Vrdnik Grgeteg Dobrodol Jazak Krušedol Prnjavor Krušedol Selo Mala Remeta Neradin Rivica Šatrinci

Pećinci

Ašanja Brestač Deč Donji Tovarnik Karlovčić Kupinovo Obrež Ogar Popinci Prhovo Sibač Sremski Mihaljevci Subotište Šimanovci

Ruma

Buđanovci Vitojevci Voganj Grabovci Dobrinci Donji Petrovci Žarkovac Klenak Kraljevci Mali Radinci Nikinci Pavlovci Platičevo Putinci Stejanovci Hrtkovci

Stara Pazova

Belegiš Vojka Golubinci Krnješevci Nova Pazova Novi Banovci Stari Banovci Surduk

Šid

Adaševci Batrovci Bačinci Berkasovo Bikić Do Bingula Vašica Višnjićevo Gibarac Erdevik Ilinci Jamena Kukujevci Ljuba Molovin Morović Privina Glava Sot

Municipalities or cities of Serbia

v t e

Districts of Serbia

Vojvodina

Central Banat North Bačka North Banat South Bačka South Banat Srem West Bačka

Belgrade

City of Belgrade

Šumadija and Western Serbia

Kolubara Mačva Moravica Pomoravlje Rasina Raška Šumadija Zlatibor

Southern and Eastern Serbia

Bor Braničevo Jablanica Nišava Pčinja Pirot Podunavlje Toplica Zaječar

Kosovo
Kosovo
and Metohija1

Kosovo Kosovo-Pomoravlje Kosovska Mitrovica Peć Prizren

1  Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo
Kosovo
has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations
United Nations
member states.

Coordinates: 44°59′N 19°37′E / 44.983°N 19.617°E / 44

.