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Coordinates: 40°47′02″N 73°57′32″W / 40.784°N 73.959°W / 40.784; -73.959

National Academy of Design

National Academy of Design (1863-65), one of many Gothic Revival buildings modeled on the Doge's Palace, Venice

Formation 1863

Type Honorary organization, museum, and school

Purpose To promote the fine arts in America through instruction and exhibition

Headquarters Manhattan, New York City

Location

Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
and 89th Street

President

Bruce Fowle, NA

Website http://www.nationalacademy.org

The National Academy Museum and School, founded in New York City
New York City
as the National Academy of Design – known simply as the "National Academy" – is an honorary association of American artists founded in 1825 by Samuel F. B. Morse, Asher B. Durand, Thomas Cole, Martin E. Thompson, Charles Cushing Wright and others "to promote the fine arts in America through instruction and exhibition."[1] The Academy is a professional honorary organization, a school, and a museum. Although one cannot apply for membership, full members of the National Academy are named from the highest ranks of American artists and architects, and are identified using the post-nominal "NA" (National Academician), while associates are designated with "ANA."[2] The school offers studio instruction, master classes, intensive critiques, various workshops, and lunchtime lectures. Scholarships are available. The museum houses a public collection of over 7,000 works of American art from the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. The Academy has been located at several locations over the years. Notable among them was a building built during 1863-1865, designed by architect P. B. Wight
P. B. Wight
in Venetian Gothic style, which was modeled on the Doge's Palace in Venice. Another locale was at West 109th Street and Amsterdam Avenue in Manhattan.[3] Since 1942 the academy has occupied a mansion that was the former home of sculptor Anna Hyatt Huntington and Archer Milton Huntington
Archer Milton Huntington
at Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
and Eighty-ninth Street.

Contents

1 History 2 Notable instructors 3 Notable members 4 Leadership 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit]

The Academy's current location

The original founders of the National Academy of Design were students of the American Academy of the Fine Arts. However, by 1825 the students of the American Academy felt a lack of support for teaching from the Academy, its board composed of merchants, lawyers, and physicians, and from its unsympathetic president, the famous American Revolutionary War artist Colonel John Trumbull. Samuel F. B. Morse
Samuel F. B. Morse
and other students set about forming "the drawing association" to meet several times each week for the study of the art of design. Still, the association was viewed as a dependent organization of the American Academy, from which they felt neglected. An attempt was made to reconcile the difference and maintain a single academy by appointing six of the artists from the association as directors of the American Academy. When four of the nominees were not elected, however, the frustrated artists resolved to form a new academy and the National Academy of Design was born.[4] Notable instructors[edit] Among the teaching staff were numerous artists, including Will Hicok Low, who taught from 1889 to 1892. The famous American poet William Cullen Bryant also gave lectures. Architect Alexander Jackson Davis (A.J. Davis) taught at the Academy. Painter Lemuel Wilmarth
Lemuel Wilmarth
was the first full-time instructor[5] Gulian C. Verplanck, a Congressman and a man of letters, gave an address at the school in 1824.[6] and Silas Dustin was a curator.[7] In 1824, the instructors at the National Academy of the Fine Arts included:[6]

A. Anderson G.B. Brown A. Dickinson William Dunlap William S. Leney John McComb, Jr.            Peter Maverick J. O'Donnel

Archibald Robertson Alexander Robertson William Rollinson Susan Louise Shatter John Trumbull John Vanderlyn Samuel Lovett Waldo

Notable members[edit]

A few members in 1850 L to R.: Henry Kirke Brown, Henry Peters Gray and founding member Asher Brown Durand

Annual Reception at the National Academy of Design, New York, 1868, a wood engraving from a sketch by W. S. L. Jewett

Some of the Academy's better-known members include:

Marina Abramovic Benjamin Abramowitz James Henry Beard Edwin Blashfield William Jay Bolton Lee Bontecou Stanley Boxer John F. Carlson Vija Celmins William Merritt Chase Frederic Edwin Church Chuck Close Thomas Cole Colin Campbell Cooper Leon Dabo William Parsons Winchester Dana Charles Harold Davis Henry Golden Dearth Jose de Creeft Richard Diebenkorn William Henry Drake (painter) Thomas Eakins Lydia Field Emmet Helen Frankenthaler Daniel Chester French Frederick Carl Frieseke Bruce Fowle Sonia Gechtoff Frank Gehry Paul Georges Arthur Hill Gilbert Hardie Gramatky Horatio Greenough Red Grooms Armin Hansen L. Birge Harrison Edward Lamson Henry Itshak Holtz Winslow Homer Cecil de Blaquiere Howard George Inness Jasper Johns Frank Tenney Johnson Lester Johnson Wolf Kahn Charles Keck Ellsworth Kelly Greta Kempton Chaim Koppelman Leo Lentelli Emanuel Leutze Hayley Lever Maya Lin Evelyn Beatrice Longman Frederick William Macmonnies Knox Martin Jervis McEntee Michael Mazur Gari Melchers Alme Meyvis Raoul Middleman F. Luis Mora Henry Siddons Mowbray John Mulvany David Dalhoff Neal Victor Nehlig Eliot Noyes Kate Orff Renzo Piano John Portman Cindy Sherman Carrie Mae Weems[8] Tom Otterness William Page Philip Pearlstein I. M. Pei John Thomas Peele William Lamb Picknell Albin Polasek Alfred Easton Poor Alexander Phimister Proctor Harvey Quaytman Andrew Raftery Robert Rauschenberg Benjamin Franklin Reinhart Paul Resika Dorothea Rockburne Robert Ryman Augustus Saint-Gaudens John Singer Sargent Emily Maria Scott Richard Serra Hughie Lee-Smith Susan Louise Shatter Elliott Fitch Shepard Nancy Spero Frederic Dorr Steele Frank Stella Arthur Fitzwilliam Tait Katharine Lamb Tait Henry Ossawa Tanner Edmund C. Tarbell Louis Comfort Tiffany Cy Twombly Edward Charles Volkert Robert Vonnoh John Quincy Adams Ward Frank Lloyd Wright Stow Wengenroth Frederic Whitaker Anita Willets-Burnham Dorothy Weir Young Milford Zornes

Leadership[edit] Maura Reilly serves as interim director, Bruce Fowle as President, and David Kapp as Chairman.[9] See also[edit]

American Watercolor Society
American Watercolor Society
(located within the National Academy of Design)[10] Effects of the financial crisis of 2007–2009 on museums List of museums and cultural institutions in New York City

References[edit]

Notes

^ "Charles Cushing Wright (1796-1854)". Retrieved 14 August 2017.  ^ Artist
Artist
Membership, National Academy Museum & School ^ Cassell, Dewey, with Aaron Sultan and Mike Gartland. The Art of George Tuska (TwoMorrows Publishing, 2005), ISBN 978-1-893905-40-5, p. 10 ^ Dulap, William (1918). A History of the Rise and Progress of the Arts of Design in the United States
United States
(Vol. 3). C. E. Goodspeed & Co. pp. 52–57. Retrieved 2008-02-17.  ^ [1] Archived 6 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b Verplanck, Gulian C. An Address, Delivered at the Opening of the Tenth Exhibition of the American Academy of the Fine Arts
American Academy of the Fine Arts
(Charles Wiley : New York, 1824) "Officers and Directors for 1824". List of academicians, p. 59 ^ "Painting by Dustin". fineart.ha.com. Retrieved 19 October 2010.  ^ Board of Governors. "National Academicians". The National Academy. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2014.  ^ Staff Directory, National Academy Museum & School ^ Erin Corley (2007). " American Watercolor Society
American Watercolor Society
records, 1867-1977, bulk 1950-1970". Archives of American Art Oral History Program. Retrieved 17 Jun 2011. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Academy of Design.

Official website National Academy Museum and School
National Academy Museum and School
at Google Cultural Institute

v t e

Museums in Manhattan

Financial District and Battery Park (Below Chambers St)

Castle Clinton China Institute Federal Hall Fraunces Tavern George Gustav Heye Center Mmuseumm Museum of American Finance Museum of Jewish Heritage New York City
New York City
Police Museum Skyscraper Museum South Street Seaport

Lower Manhattan (Chambers-14th Sts)

Asian American Arts Centre Drawing Center Eldridge Street Synagogue FusionArts Museum International Center of Photography Lower East Side Tenement Museum Merchant's House Museum Museum of Chinese in America New Museum New York City
New York City
Fire Museum The Theatre Museum Ukrainian Museum Whitney Museum of American Art

Chelsea, Flatiron, Gramercy (14th-34th Sts)

Center for Jewish History International Print Center New York John J. Harvey The Museum at FIT Museum of Mathematics Museum of Sex Rubin Museum of Art Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace Tibet House

Midtown (34th-59th Sts)

Girl Scout Museum and Archives Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum Japan Society John M. Mossman Lock Museum Madame Tussauds Morgan Library & Museum Museum of Arts and Design Museum of Modern Art New York Public Library Main Branch New York Transit Museum Paley Center for Media Scandinavia House United Nations Art Collection

Upper West Side (59th-125th Sts west of 5th Av)

American Folk Art Museum American Museum of Natural History

Rose Center for Earth and Space

Children's Museum of Manhattan Museum of Biblical Art New York Public Library for the Performing Arts New-York Historical Society Nicholas Roerich Museum Rose Museum

Upper East Side and East Harlem (59th-125th Sts along or east of 5th Av)

Asia Society El Museo del Barrio Frick Collection Gracie Mansion Grolier Club Guggenheim Museum Jewish Museum Met Breuer Metropolitan Museum of Art Mount Vernon Hotel Museum Museum of Motherhood Museum of the City of New York National Academy Museum and School

Upper Manhattan (Above 125th St)

American Academy of Arts and Letters The Cloisters Dyckman House Hamilton Grange National Memorial Hispanic Society of America Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center Morris–Jumel Mansion National Jazz Museum in Harlem National Track and Field Hall of Fame Neue Galerie New York Yeshiva University Museum Studio Museum in Harlem

Islands

Ellis Island Statue of Liberty

Defunct

Chelsea Art Museum Dahesh Museum of Art Forbes Galleries Museum of Comic and Cartoon Art Museum of Primitive Art

See

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