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Monarchianism
Monarchianism
is a set of beliefs that emphasize God
God
as being one person,[1][2][3] in direct contrast to Trinitarianism which defines God
God
as three persons coexisting consubstantially as one in being.[4]

Contents

1 History 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] Various models of resolving the relationship between God
God
the Father and the Son of God
God
were proposed in the 2nd century, but later rejected in favor of the doctrine of the Trinity
Trinity
as expounded at the First Council of Constantinople, which confirmed the concept of God
God
as one being consisting of three persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Monarchianism
Monarchianism
was generally credited to Paul of Samosata, a bishop of Antioch. Two contradictory models of monarchianism have been propounded:[1]

Modalism
Modalism
(or modalistic monarchianism) considers God
God
to be one person appearing and working in the different "modes" of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The chief proponent of modalism was Sabellius, hence the view is commonly called Sabellianism. It has also been rhetorically labeled Patripassianism
Patripassianism
(from Latin patri- "father" and passio "suffering") by its opponents, because according to them it purports that the Person of God
God
the Heavenly Father suffered on the cross. Adoptionism
Adoptionism
(or dynamic monarchianism) holds that God
God
is one being, above all else, wholly indivisible, and of one nature. It reconciles the "problem" of the Trinity
Trinity
(or at least Jesus) by holding that the Son was not co-eternal with the Father, and that Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ
was essentially granted godhood (adopted) for the plans of God
God
and for his own perfect life and works. Different variations of Dynamism hold that Jesus was "adopted" either at the time of his baptism or his ascension. An early exponent of this belief was Theodotus of Byzantium.[2]

Both schools of Monarchians found a strong wall of opposition to them elevated very quickly in the form of the Logos theologians (Tertullian, Hippolytus, Clement of Alexandria, and Origen
Origen
of Alexandria).[5] The name Monarchian properly does not strictly apply to the Adoptionists, or Dynamists, as they (i.e., the latter) "did not start from the monarchy of God, and their [doctrine] is strictly Christological".[6] See also[edit]

Christianity portal

Arianism Nicene Christianity Monarchian Prologue Monism Subordinationism Unitarianism

References[edit]

^ a b Encyclopædia Britannica: Monarchianism ^ a b Monarchians at Catholic Encyclopedia, newadvent.org ^ Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (Oxford University Press 2005 ISBN 978-0-19-280290-3): Monarchianism ^ Knight, Kevin (ed.), "The dogma of the Trinity", Catholic Encyclopedia, New Advent  ^ The SCM Press A-Z of Patristic Theology, entry Monarchianism, p. 227 ^ Catholic Encyclopedia - Monarchians Archived 2013-01-29 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Monarchianism". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

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Beliefs condemned as heretical by the Catholic Church

Antiquity

Adoptionism Apollinarism Arianism
Arianism
(Anomoeanism, Semi-Arianism) Audianism Docetism
Docetism
(Circumcellions) Dualism Ebionites Euchites Gnosticism
Gnosticism
(Manichaeism, Paulicianism, Priscillianism, Naassenes, Ophites, Sethianism, Valentinianism) Iconoclasm Luciferianism Macedonianism Marcionism Melchisedechians Modalism Monarchianism
Monarchianism
(Athinganoi) Monophysitism Monothelitism Montanism Nestorianism Novatianism Patripassianism Pelagianism
Pelagianism
(Semipelagianism) Pneumatomachians Psilanthropism Sabellianism Subordinationism Valentinianism

Middle Ages

Bogomilism Bosnian Church Catharism Conciliarism Consubstantiation Fraticelli Free Spirit Henricians Hussites Impanation Lollardy Taborites Triclavianism Waldensians

Early Modern

Anabaptism Antinomianism Febronianism Gallicanism Jansenism Josephinism Protestantism
Protestantism
(Arminianism, Calvinism, Lutheranism) Quietism

Modern Era

Americanism Community of the Lady of All Nations Feeneyism Modernism Positive Christianity Reincarnationism

Cathol

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