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The Info List - Michael Gough

Francis Michael Gough (/ˈɡɒf/ GOF; 23 November 1916[1] – 17 March 2011) was an English character actor who made over 150 film and television appearances, known for his roles in the Hammer Horror Films from 1958 and for his recurring role as Alfred Pennyworth
Alfred Pennyworth
in all four films of the Tim Burton
Tim Burton
/ Joel Schumacher
Joel Schumacher
Batman
Batman
series.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Later roles 4 Personal life 5 Awards and nominations 6 Death 7 Filmography 8 References 9 External links

Early life[edit] Gough was born in Kuala Lumpur, Federated Malay States
Federated Malay States
(now Malaysia) on 23 November 1916, the son of British parents Francis Berkeley Gough and Frances Atkins (née Bailie).[2][3][4] Gough was educated at Rose Hill School, Tunbridge Wells, and at Durham School, he moved on to Wye Agricultural College which he left to go to the Old Vic.[5][6] During World War II
World War II
Gough was a conscientious objector, like his friend Frith Banbury, although he was obliged to serve in the Non-Combatant Corps,[7] a member of 6 Northern Company, in Liverpool.[8] Career[edit] In 1948, Gough made his film debut in Blanche Fury
Blanche Fury
and thereafter, appeared extensively on British television. In 1955, he portrayed one of the two murderers who kill the Duke of Clarence
Duke of Clarence
(John Gielgud), as well as the Princes in the Tower
Princes in the Tower
in Laurence Olivier's Richard III. He became known for his appearances in horror films; following his performance as Arthur Holmwood
Arthur Holmwood
in Hammer’s original Dracula (1958), his horror roles mainly saw him feature as slimy villains, notably in Horrors of the Black Museum
Horrors of the Black Museum
(1959), Konga (1961), The Phantom of the Opera (1962), Black Zoo (1963), Trog
Trog
(1970), The Corpse (1971), Horror Hospital (1973) and Norman J. Warren's cheaply-made Satanism shocker Satan's Slave
Satan's Slave
(1976). He also spoofed his horror persona in What a Carve Up! as a sinister butler. He also appeared in the comedy film Top Secret!
Top Secret!
(1984), alongside Val Kilmer (the latter's first feature film), with whom he would also work later in the Batman
Batman
franchise. Gough guest-starred in Doctor Who, as the villain in The Celestial Toymaker (1966) and also as Councillor Hedin in Arc of Infinity (1983). He also played the automation-obsessed, wheelchair-bound Dr. Armstrong in "The Cybernauts", one of the best remembered episodes of The Avengers (1965), returning the following season as the Russian spymaster Nutski in "The Correct Way to Kill". He was introduced in the first-season episode "Maximum Security" of Colditz as Major "Willi" Schaeffer, the alcoholic second-in-command of the Kommandant (Bernard Hepton). In the Ian Curteis television play Suez 1956 (1979), he portrayed Prime Minister Anthony Eden. In 1981, he was reunited with Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
in Granada Television's Brideshead Revisited, portraying the doctor to Olivier's dying Lord Marchmain. Gough also appeared in The Citadel (1983) as Sir Jenner Halliday, in 1985's Out of Africa as Lord Delamere and as the fictional deposed KGB spymaster Andrei Zorin in Sleepers. Later roles[edit] His later roles included Alfred Pennyworth
Alfred Pennyworth
for Tim Burton, including Batman
Batman
(1989) and Batman Returns
Batman Returns
(1992). He also reprised his role as Alfred in the 1994 BBC
BBC
radio adaptation of Batman: Knightfall and in Batman
Batman
Forever (1995) and Batman
Batman
& Robin (1997) for Joel Schumacher. Gough was one of two actors to have appeared in the four Batman
Batman
films in the Burton/Schumacher series; the other actor was Pat Hingle (as Commissioner Gordon). Gough worked for Burton again in 1999's Sleepy Hollow and Corpse Bride. He also briefly reprised his Alfred role in six 2001 television commercials for the OnStar automobile tracking system, informing Batman
Batman
of the system's installation in the Batmobile. Other commercial appearances famously included Gough as Alfred in a 1989 advertisement for Diet Coke. Gough retired in 1999 after appearing in Burton's Sleepy Hollow. He would emerge from retirement twice more, both as a favor to Burton, to voice Elder Gutknecht in Corpse Bride
Corpse Bride
and the Dodo in Alice in Wonderland.[9] Personal life[edit] Gough was married four times—one of his ex-wives is Anne Elizabeth Leon (born 1925). They married in 1950, their daughter Emma Frances was born in 1953 and they divorced in 1964.[4] Another ex-wife is Doctor Who
Doctor Who
actress Anneke Wills, who portrayed the Doctor's companion Polly. Wills and Gough met at various times during her life —firstly during a theatre trip with her mother in 1952 — but they first met formally on the set of Candidate for Murder and the attraction was instant. Gough adopted Wills' daughter Polly and in 1965, their son Jasper was born.[citation needed] Awards and nominations[edit] Gough won Broadway's 1979 Tony Award
Tony Award
as Best Actor (Featured Role – Play) for Bedroom Farce. He was also nominated in the same category in 1988 for Breaking the Code. In 1957 he won a BAFTA
BAFTA
TV Award and in 1971, was nominated for a BAFTA Film Award for his work in The Go-Between. He was nominated for a Drama Desk Award Outstanding Featured Actor in a Play in 1979 for Bedroom Farce and again in 1988 for Breaking the Code. Death[edit] Gough died on 17 March 2011 at his home in Wiltshire, England
England
after a short battle with pancreatic cancer.[10] He was cremated, a memorial service was held, and his ashes were scattered at sea. He was survived by his fourth wife Henrietta, daughter Emma and sons Simon (who is married to actress Sharon Gurney, the daughter of the Upstairs, Downstairs actress Rachel Gurney) and Jasper.[11] Michael Keaton, his co-star in the first two theatrical Batman
Batman
films, said that Gough was sweet and charming, and wrote, "To Mick – my butler, my confidant, my friend, my Alfred. I love you. God bless. Michael (Mr Wayne) Keaton."[12] Gough was added in In Memoriam at the 18th Screen Actors Guild Awards. Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1948 Anna Karenina Nicholai

1948 Blanche Fury Laurence Fury

1948 Saraband for Dead Lovers Prince Charles

1949 Small Back Room, TheThe Small Back Room Capt. Dick Stuart

1950 Ha'penny Breeze

Uncredited

1951 Blackmailed Maurice Edwards

1951 No Resting Place Alec Kyle

1951 Man in the White Suit, TheThe Man in the White Suit Michael Corland

1951 Night Was Our Friend Martin Raynor

1953 Twice Upon a Time Mr. Lloyd

1953 Sword and the Rose, TheThe Sword and the Rose Duke of Buckingham

1953 Rob Roy, the Highland Rogue Duke of Montrose

1955 Richard III Dighton, the first murderer

1956 Reach for the Sky Flying Instructor Pearson

1957 Ill Met by Moonlight Andoni Zoidakis

1957 The House in the Woods Geoffrey Carter

1958 Dracula Arthur Holmwood

1958 Horse's Mouth, TheThe Horse's Mouth Abel

1959 Model for Murder Kingsley Beauchamp

1959 Horrors of the Black Museum Edmond Bancroft

1961 Konga Dr. Charles Decker

1961 Mr. Topaze Tamise

1961 What a Carve Up! Fisk, the butler

1962 Candidate for Murder Donald Edwards

1962 Phantom of the Opera, TheThe Phantom of the Opera Ambrose D'Arcy

1963 Black Zoo Michael Conrad

1963 Tamahine Cartwright

1965 Game for Three Losers Robert Hilary

1965 Dr. Terror's House of Horrors Eric Landor (segment "Disembodied Hand")

1965 Skull, TheThe Skull Auctioneer

1966 Alice in Wonderland March Hare

1966 Doctor Who: The Celestial Toymaker Celestial Toymaker

1967 They Came from Beyond Space Master of the Moon

1967 Berserk! Albert Dorando

1968 One Night... A Train Jeremiah

1968 Curse of the Crimson Altar Elder Also known as The Crimson Cult

1969 Walk with Love and Death, AA Walk with Love and Death Mad Monk

1969 Women in Love Tom Brangwen

1970 Julius Caesar Metellus Cimber

1970 Trog Sam Murdock

1971 Go-Between, TheThe Go-Between Mr. Maudsley

1971 The Corpse Walter Eastwood Also known as Crucible of Horror

1972 Savage Messiah M. Gaudier

1972 Henry VIII and His Six Wives Norfolk

1973 Horror Hospital Dr. Christian Storm

1973 Legend of Hell House, TheThe Legend of Hell House Emeric Belasco Uncredited

1974 QB VII Dr. Fletcher

1975 Galileo Sagredo

1975 The Man from Nowhere Man Voice, Uncredited

1976 Satan's Slave Uncle Alexander Yorke

1978 Boys from Brazil, TheThe Boys from Brazil Mr. Harrington

1978 L'Amour en question Sir Baldwin

1981 Venom David Ball

1982 Smiley's People Mikhel

1982 Inside the Third Reich Dr. Rust

1983 Doctor Who: Arc of Infinity Councillor Hedin

1983 To the Lighthouse Mr Ramsay

1983 Dresser, TheThe Dresser Frank Carrington

1984 Memed My Hawk Kerimoglu

1984 Top Secret! Dr. Paul Flammond

1984 Oxford Blues Doctor Ambrose

1984 Christmas Carol, AA Christmas Carol Mr. Poole

1985 Arthur the King Archbishop

1985 Out of Africa Baron Delamere

1986 Caravaggio Cardinal Del Monte

1986 Little Vampire, TheThe Little Vampire Uncle Ludwig

1987 Maschenka Vater

1987 Inspector Morse: The Silent World of Nicholas Quinn Philip Ogleby

1987 Fourth Protocol, TheThe Fourth Protocol Sir Bernard Hemmings

1988 Serpent and the Rainbow, TheThe Serpent and the Rainbow Schoonbacher

1989 Strapless Douglas Brodie

1989 Batman Alfred Pennyworth

1989 Batman: The Lazarus Syndrome Voice

1990 The Garden

1991 Let Him Have It Lord Goddard

1992 Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Russia 1910, TheThe Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Russia 1910 Leo Tolstoy

1992 Batman
Batman
Returns Alfred Pennyworth

1993 Wittgenstein Bertrand Russell

1993 Age of Innocence, TheThe Age of Innocence Henry van der Luyden

1993 Hour of the Pig, TheThe Hour of the Pig Magistrate Boniface

1994 Uncovered Don Manuel

1994 Nostradamus Jean de Remy

1995 Batman
Batman
Forever Alfred Pennyworth

1997 Batman
Batman
& Robin

1998 What Rats Won't Do Justice Tomlin

1998 St. Ives Comte de Saint-Yves

1999 Cherry Orchard, TheThe Cherry Orchard Feers

1999 Sleepy Hollow Notary Hardenbrook

1999 The Strange Case of Delphina Potocka or The Mystery of Chopin The Doctor

2005 Corpse Bride Elder Gutknecht Voice

2010 Alice in Wonderland Uilleam the Dodo Bird Voice, (final film role)

References[edit]

^ Gough in the London Times, 23 June 1997: "There was some indecision as to when I was born. My sister said it was 1916. I'd lost my birth certificate." Gough's wife Henrietta confirmed 1916 (and not 1915) as her husband's birth year in 2010 (see Christian Heger: Mondbeglänzte Zaubernächte. Das Kino von Tim Burton. Marburg 2010). ^ " Michael Gough profile". filmreference.com. Retrieved 2 November 2016.  ^ Michael Gough profile, Yahoo! Movies; accessed November 2, 2016. ^ a b "- Person Page 18350". thepeerage.com.  ^ "Michael Gough". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 November 2009. Education: Wye Agricultural College, England; Bristol Old Vic
Old Vic
Theatre School, England, Major – drama; Durham School, England; Rose Hill School, Kent, England  ^ Eric Shorter (17 March 2011). " Michael Gough obituary". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2011. Michael Gough, actor, born 23 November 1916; died 17 March 2011 ... He was born in Kuala Lumpur, Malaya, where his father was a rubber planter. After attending Rose Hill School, Tunbridge Wells, and Durham School, he dropped out of Wye Agricultural College in Kent
Kent
in order to study acting at the Old Vic.  ^ Read, Piers Paul (2005). Alec Guinness: the authorised biography. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-4498-2.  ^ Starkey, Pat (1992). I will not fight: conscientious objectors and pacifists in the North West during the Second World War. Liverpool Historical Studies. Liverpool: Liverpool
Liverpool
University Press. ISBN 0-85323-467-1.  ^ "Michael Gough, 94, was butler Alfred in “Batman”[dead link]". bcdb.com, March 17, 2011 ^ Eric Shorter Obituary: Michael Gough, The Guardian, 17 March 2011 ^ "Michael Gough, Batman's Alfred, dies aged 94". BBC
BBC
News. 17 March 2011.  ^ Mike Moody. " Michael Keaton
Michael Keaton
praises Michael Gough". Digital Spy. 

External links[edit]

Michael Gough on IMDb Michael Gough at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Michael Gough at the TCM Movie Database Michael Gough at AllMovie Michael Gough at Find a Grave Gough's obituary in The Telegraph newspaper

Awards for Michael Gough

v t e

BAFTA
BAFTA
TV Award for Best Actor

Paul Rogers (1955) Peter Cushing
Peter Cushing
(1956) Michael Gough (1957) Michael Hordern
Michael Hordern
(1958) Donald Pleasence
Donald Pleasence
(1959) Patrick McGoohan
Patrick McGoohan
(1960) Lee Montague (1961) Rupert Davies
Rupert Davies
(1962) Harry H. Corbett
Harry H. Corbett
(1963) Alan Badel
Alan Badel
(1964) Patrick Wymark
Patrick Wymark
(1965) Alan Badel
Alan Badel
(1966) Warren Mitchell
Warren Mitchell
(1967) Eric Porter (1968) Roy Dotrice
Roy Dotrice
(1969) Edward Woodward
Edward Woodward
(1970) Keith Michell
Keith Michell
(1971) John Le Mesurier
John Le Mesurier
(1972) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1973) Frank Finlay
Frank Finlay
(1974) Peter Barkworth (1975) John Hurt
John Hurt
(1976) Derek Jacobi
Derek Jacobi
(1977) Peter Barkworth (1978) Edward Fox (1979) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1980) Denholm Elliott
Denholm Elliott
(1981) Anthony Andrews
Anthony Andrews
(1982) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1983) Alan Bates
Alan Bates
(1984) Tim Pigott-Smith
Tim Pigott-Smith
(1985) Bob Peck (1986) Michael Gambon
Michael Gambon
(1987) David Jason (1988) Ray McAnally (1989) John Thaw
John Thaw
(1990) Ian Richardson
Ian Richardson
(1991) Robert Lindsay (1992) John Thaw
John Thaw
(1993) Robbie Coltrane
Robbie Coltrane
(1994) Robbie Coltrane
Robbie Coltrane
(1995) Robbie Coltrane
Robbie Coltrane
(1996) Nigel Hawthorne (1997) Simon Russell Beale
Simon Russell Beale
(1998) Tom Courtenay
Tom Courtenay
(1999) Michael Gambon
Michael Gambon
(2000) Michael Gambon
Michael Gambon
(2001) Michael Gambon
Michael Gambon
(2002) Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(2003) Bill Nighy
Bill Nighy
(2004) Rhys Ifans
Rhys Ifans
(2005) Mark Rylance
Mark Rylance
(2006) Jim Broadbent
Jim Broadbent
(2007) Andrew Garfield
Andrew Garfield
(2008) Stephen Dillane
Stephen Dillane
(2009) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(2010) Daniel Rigby (2011) Dominic West
Dominic West
(2012) Ben Whishaw
Ben Whishaw
(2013) Sean Harris (2014) Jason Watkins (2015) Mark Rylance
Mark Rylance
(2016) Adeel Akhtar (2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play

1949–1975

Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
(1949) Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(1951) John Cromwell (1952) John Williams (1953) John Kerr (1954) Francis L. Sullivan
Francis L. Sullivan
(1955) Ed Begley
Ed Begley
(1956) Frank Conroy (1957) Henry Jones (1958) Charlie Ruggles
Charlie Ruggles
(1959) Roddy McDowall
Roddy McDowall
(1960) Martin Gabel
Martin Gabel
(1961) Walter Matthau
Walter Matthau
(1962) Alan Arkin
Alan Arkin
(1963) Hume Cronyn
Hume Cronyn
(1964) Jack Albertson
Jack Albertson
(1965) Patrick Magee (1966) Ian Holm
Ian Holm
(1967) James Patterson (1968) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1969) Ken Howard
Ken Howard
(1970) Paul Sand (1971) Vincent Gardenia
Vincent Gardenia
(1972) John Lithgow
John Lithgow
(1973) Ed Flanders
Ed Flanders
(1974) Frank Langella
Frank Langella
(1975)

1976–2000

Edward Herrmann
Edward Herrmann
(1976) Jonathan Pryce
Jonathan Pryce
(1977) Lester Rawlins (1978) Michael Gough (1979) David Rounds (1980) Brian Backer (1981) Zakes Mokae (1982) Matthew Broderick
Matthew Broderick
(1983) Joe Mantegna
Joe Mantegna
(1984) Barry Miller (1985) John Mahoney
John Mahoney
(1986) John Randolph (1987) B. D. Wong
B. D. Wong
(1988) Boyd Gaines
Boyd Gaines
(1989) Charles Durning
Charles Durning
(1990) Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
(1991) Laurence Fishburne
Laurence Fishburne
(1992) Stephen Spinella (1993) Jeffrey Wright
Jeffrey Wright
(1994) John Glover (1995) Ruben Santiago-Hudson
Ruben Santiago-Hudson
(1996) Owen Teale
Owen Teale
(1997) Tom Murphy (1998) Frank Wood (1999) Roy Dotrice
Roy Dotrice
(2000)

2001–present

Robert Sean Leonard
Robert Sean Leonard
(2001) Frank Langella
Frank Langella
(2002) Denis O'Hare
Denis O'Hare
(2003) Brían F. O'Byrne (2004) Liev Schreiber
Liev Schreiber
(2005) Ian McDiarmid
Ian McDiarmid
(2006) Billy Crudup
Billy Crudup
(2007) Jim Norton (2008) Roger Robinson (2009) Eddie Redmayne
Eddie Redmayne
(2010) John Benjamin Hickey
John Benjamin Hickey
(2011) Christian Borle
Christian Borle
(2012) Courtney B. Vance
Courtney B. Vance
(2013) Mark Rylance
Mark Rylance
(2014) Richard McCabe (2015) Reed Birney (2016) Michael Aronov (2017)

Preceded by Alan Napier Alfred Pennyworth
Alfred Pennyworth
Actor 1989 - 1997 Succeeded by Michael Caine

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 5123507 LCCN: n87922127 ISNI: 0000 0001 2118 8346 GND: 120503069 SUDOC: 085504718 BNF: cb13948678g (data) NKC: xx0178245 BNE: XX1646084 SN