Marsiya (Persian: مرثیه) is an elegiac poem written to
commemorate the martyrdom and valour of
Hussain ibn Ali
Hussain ibn Ali and his
comrades of the Karbala. Marsiyas are essentially religious.The
marsiyas written on these events are called classical marsiyas.
2 Where to Find Marsiyas
3 Modern World
4 See also
6 External links
Marsiya is derived from the Arabic word marthiyya (root
R-TH-Y), meaning a great tragedy or lamentation for a departed
This form found a specially congenial soil in Lucknow, chiefly because
it was one of the centres of
Shia Muslim communities in South Asia,
which regarded it an act of piety and religious duty to eulogies and
bemoan the martyrs of the battle of Karbala. The form reached its peak
in the writing of Mir Babar Ali Anis.
Marsiya is a poem written to
commemorate the martyrdom of Ahl al-Bayt,
Imam Hussain and Battle of
Karbala. It is usually a poem of mourning.
The famous marsiya writers in
Urdu are Mir Babar Ali Anis, Mir Moonis,
Mirza Salamat Ali Dabeer, Mir Zameer, Ali Haider Tabatabai. Najm
Afandi, Mir nafees, Mir rais,mir Qadeem, Mir Arif, Syed Husain
Taashuq, Mir Ishq, Moaddab lucknavi Adab Lucknavi Mohazzab Lucknavi
Syed Sajjad Husain "Shadeed" Mohammed Askari "Jadeed" Sadaq Husain
"Shaheed" , Syed Karrar Hyder, Syed Yadullah Haider, Nawab Baqar Ali
"Ravish Lucknavi" , Allama Dr.Syed Ali Imam Zaidi "Gauhar Lucknavi"
(Great Grand Son of Mir Baber Ali "Anees" MIr "waheed" Dulha sahab
"Uruj" Laddan Sahab "Faiz" Mir "Fareed" Mir "Arif" sarfaraz husain
"khabeer" syed Abbas Hiader Muzter jaunpuri, Tayyab Kazmi, Ishrat
Lucknavi, Syed Mohammad Ali" Mowassir Jaunpuri"
Mir Babar Ali Anis, a renowned
Urdu poet, composed salāms, elegies,
nohas and quatrains. While the length of elegy initially had no more
than forty or fifty stanzas, it now was beyond one hundred fifty or
even longer than two hundred stanzas or bunds, as each unit of marsiya
in musaddas format is known. Mir Anis has drawn upon the vocabulary of
Arabic, Persian, Urdu/Hindi/Awadhi in such a good measure that he
symbolizes the full spectrum of the cultural mosaic that
Urdu has come
Mir Anis has become an essential element of Muharram for Urdu-lovers
of the South Asia.
The first major and still current critical articulation about Mir Anis
was Muazna-e-Anis-o-Dabir (1907) written by
Shibli Nomani in which he
said "the poetic qualities and merits of Anis are not matched by any
Chhannu Lal Dilgeer (c 1780 – c 1848) was born during the reign of
Nawab Asaf-ud Daulah. He was initially poet of
Ghazal and ‘Tarab’
was his takhallus. He focused on
Marsiya at a later stage and he
himself put his diwan of ghazal's name Goomti in Moti-Jheel, Lucknow.
He converted to Islam and changed his name as Ghulam Hussain. His most
popular marsiya is گھبراۓ گی زینبؑ ‘ گھبراۓ گی
بھیا تمہيں گھر جا کے کہاں پاۓ گی زینبؑ.
Where to Find Marsiyas
www.emarsiya.com is World Largest Repository of
Urdu Marsiyas. A
project started by Asghar Mehdi Rizvi, a renowned marsiya recitor, a
Professional Engineer who has uploaded more than 1500 marsiyas and
more are being added as we speak. Also, his Tehtul lafz volume, Kis
Sher Ki Aamad Hai, with 12 famous marsiyas was released in 2016 &
Charagh e Khoon e Hussaini, with 14 marsiyas was released in 2017 in
India and Pakistan and was very well received by
The world's first 36 marsiya audio released this year 2013-2014 by
Noha Academy (India) with the title "Az madina ta madina"
consist marsiya on all major event during 28 Rajab to 8 Rabiul Awwal,
Kalam of Mir Anis, Mirza Dabeer, Naseem Amrohi, Recited by Sayyed
Rahil Abbas Rizvi from India.
Marsiya writers in Urdu
History of Urdu
Karbala Ta Karbala
^ A History of
Urdu literature by T. Grahame Bailey;
Urdu Poetry in
Lucknow in the 19th century
^ a b "Poetry:
Urdu Marsiya, Anees and his Poetry". Archived from the
original on August 22, 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-15. CS1 maint:
BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
^ The Masters of
Marsiya – Anees and Dabeer
Marsiya by Shiraz e Hind on May 15th, 2010 Archived 2010-12-21 at
the Wayback Machine.
Marsiya reciters still reciting marsiya before majlis, and young
generation also attract towards soul of marsiya and soazkhwani in
India, Pakistan, and other western countriesworlds first bunch of 36
marsiya collection based on events by Mafss
Noha Academy - India,
Recited by Sayyed Rahil Abbas Rizvi (India)
Rauf Parekh (2013-11-11). "Karbalai marsiya in
Urdu and Persian".
Dawn.Com. Retrieved 2014-01-01.
Rauf Parekh (2013-11-25). "Dabeer, new marsiya and the 'praise-me'
virus". Dawn.Com. Retrieved 2014-01-01.
Rana Safvi (2013-11-12). "RANA's SPACE: The Art of
Marsiya Writing and
Reciting". Rana-safvi.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2014-01-01.
"The Making of the Awadh Culture - Madhu Trivedi - Google Books".
Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2014-01-01.
Madhu Trivedi. Appropriating an Iranian Literary Tradition:
the Indian Context (PDF). great-iran.com. Retrieved 2014-01-01.
Amy Bard. "Value and Vitality in a Literary Tradition: Female Poets
Urdu Marsiya" (PDF). Columbia University. Retrieved
Mourning of Muharram
Battle of Karbala
Husayn ibn Ali
Ali Akbar ibn Husayn
Ali Asghar ibn Husayn
al-Abbas ibn Ali
Zaynab bint Ali
Sukayna bint Husayn
Muslim ibn Aqeel
Imam Husayn Shrine
Day of Ashura
Hosseini infancy conference