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Markus Söder
Markus Söder
(born 5 January 1967 in Nuremberg) is a German politician and party member of the Christian Social Union (CSU). He has been the Minister President of Bavaria
Bavaria
since March 2018.

Contents

1 Political career

1.1 Career in Bavarian politics 1.2 State Minister of Finance, 2011–2018 1.3 Minister-President of Bavaria, 2018–present 1.4 Role in national politics

2 Other activities (selection)

2.1 Corporate boards 2.2 Non-profit organizations

3 Political positions

3.1 European integration 3.2 Domestic policy

4 Personal life 5 External links 6 References

Political career[edit] Career in Bavarian politics[edit] Söder has been a member of the Landtag, the state parliament of Bavaria, since 1994. From 2003 to 2007 he was Secretary General of the CSU party; in this capacity, he worked closely with then Minister-President and party chairman Edmund Stoiber. Söder has since been member of the Beckstein, Seehofer I and II cabinets. From 2007 to 2008 he was State Minister for Federal and European Affairs in Bavaria
Bavaria
and from 2008 to 2011 State Minister for Environment and Health. State Minister of Finance, 2011–2018[edit] As finance minister in the state government of Minister-President Horst Seehofer, Söder was also one of the state’s representatives at the Bundesrat, where he served on the Finance Committee. During his time in office, Söder was put in charge of overseeing the restructuring process of ailing state-backed lender BayernLB
BayernLB
in a bid to win approval for an aid package from the European Commission.[1] In 2014, he pushed BayernLB
BayernLB
to sell its Hungarian MKB unit to that country's government, ending an ill-fated investment that had cost it a total of 2 billion euros ($2.7 billion) in losses over 20 years.[2] In 2015, Söder and his Austrian counterpart Hans Jörg Schelling agreed a provisional deal that settled the two governments’ array of legal disputes stemming from the collapse of the Carinthian regional bank Hypo Alpe-Adria-Bank International. Under the memorandum of understanding, Austria would pay €1.23 billion to Bavaria. All legal cases relating to the dispute would also be dropped.[3] Also in 2012, Söder and Minister-President Horst Seehofer
Horst Seehofer
filed a lawsuit in the Federal Constitutional Court, asking the judges to back their call for an overhaul of the German system of financial transfers from wealthier states (such as Bavaria) to the country's weaker economies.[4] On Söder’s initiative, Bavaria
Bavaria
became the first regional government in Volkswagen's home country to take legal action against the carmaker for damages caused by its emissions-test cheating scandal. At the time, Söder argued that the state’s pension fund for civil servants had lost as much as 700,000 euros ($780,000) as a consequence of the scandal.[5] When Seehofer came under pressure after the CSU had suffered heavy losses in the 2017 national elections, he decided to remain party chairman but agreed to hand over leadership of Bavaria
Bavaria
to Söder.[6] Minister-President of Bavaria, 2018–present[edit] In March 2018, lawmakers formally elected Söder as new Minister-President to replace Horst Seehofer, who had become German interior minister in Chancellor Angela Merkel’s new cabinet. He he received 99 of the 169 state deputies’ votes, with 64 voting against — a better result than Seehofer when he began his final term in 2013.[7] Role in national politics[edit] Söder was a CSU delegate to the Federal Convention for the purpose of electing the President of Germany
Germany
in 1999, 2004, 2009, 2010, 2012 and 2017.[citation needed] In the negotiations to form a coalition government of the Christian Democrats (CDU together with the Bavarian CSU) and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) following the 2009 federal elections, Söder was part of the CDU/CSU delegation in the working group on health policy, led by Ursula von der Leyen
Ursula von der Leyen
and Philipp Rösler. In the negotiations to form a Grand Coalition of the Christian Democrats and the Social Democrats (SPD) following the 2013 federal elections, Söder was part of the CDU/CSU delegation in the working groups on financial policy and the national budget, led by Wolfgang Schäuble and Olaf Scholz, and on bank regulation and the Eurozone, led by Herbert Reul
Herbert Reul
and Martin Schulz.[8] Other activities (selection)[edit] Corporate boards[edit]

KfW, Ex-Officio Member of the Board of Supervisory Directors (since 2011)[9] Munich Airport, Ex-Officio Chairman of the Supervisory Board Nuremberg
Nuremberg
Airport, Ex-Officio Member of the Supervisory Board, Chairman of the Supervisory Board (since 2017)[10] BayernLB, Ex-Officio Chairman of the Supervisory Board (211-2012) ZDF, Ex-Officio Member of the Television Board (2002-2008, 2013-2016)

Non-profit organizations[edit]

Bavarian Research Foundation, Ex-Officio Member of the Board of Trustees Deutsches Museum, Member of the Board of Trustees[11] University of Erlangen- Nuremberg
Nuremberg
(FAU), Member of the Board of Trustees Staatstheater Nürnberg, Member of the Board of Trustees Ifo Institute for Economic Research, Member of the Board of Trustees 1. FC Nürnberg, Member of the Supervisory Board (2007-2011), Member of the Advisory Board (since 2011) Munich International Film Festival, Ex-Officio Member of the Supervisory Board (2011-2014)

Political positions[edit] European integration[edit] During the Greek government-debt crisis, Söder was among the most vocal in calling for Greece
Greece
to leave the Eurozone.[12] By 2012, he said in an interview: "Athens must stand as an example that this Eurozone
Eurozone
can also show teeth."[13] In early 2018, Söder reiterated his opposition against any expansion of the eurozone to include countries like Bulgaria
Bulgaria
and Romania; the introduction of Eurobonds; and the creation of a European finance minister post.[14] Domestic policy[edit] In 2012, under Söder’s leadership, Bavaria
Bavaria
pledged €500,000 ($687,546) in public funding for the Munich-based Institute for Contemporary History (IfZ) to produce a critical, annotated version of Adolf Hitler’s Mein Kampf
Mein Kampf
for publication in 2015 when the copyright expired. Söder said at the time that the publication would aim to "demystify" Hilter's manifesto. By 2013, however, the Bavarian state government ended its funding for the project.[15] Throughout the European migrant crisis, Söder has sharply criticized the migrant policies of Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
several times. He warned of a "huge security gap" that remained, because the whereabouts of hundred thousands of migrants was still unclear and he strongly doubted that the integration of so many people could succeed. In Söder's view, the Germans didn't want a multicultural society. Refugees should return to their home countries whenever possible. The dictum "Wir schaffen das" ("We make it") of Chancellor Merkel was "not the right signal", instead he suggested "Wir haben verstanden" ("We have understood").[16] Personal life[edit] Söder has been married to Karin Baumüller since 1999. The couple have three children. In addition, Söder has a daughter from an earlier relationship.[17] Baumüller is one of the owners of Nuremberg-based Baumüller Group, a leading manufacturer of electric automation and drive systems.[18] External links[edit]

Markus Söder
Markus Söder
at the Landtag of Bavaria

References[edit]

^ Christian Kraemer, Arno Schuetze and Foo Yun Chee (March 28, 2012), Owners of BayernLB
BayernLB
agree on revamp Reuters. ^ Jörn Poltz and Krisztina Than (July 24, 2014), BayernLB
BayernLB
sells unit MKB to Hungary Reuters. ^ James Shotter (July 7, 2015), Austria to pay Bavaria
Bavaria
€1.23bn to settle Hypo Alpe Adria dispute Financial Times. ^ Christian Kraemer (July 17, 2012), Bavaria
Bavaria
seeks to trump Merkel with anti-bailout card Reuters. ^ Joern Poltz and Andreas Cremer (August 2, 2016), German state of Bavaria
Bavaria
to sue VW over emissions scandal Reuters. ^ Janosch Delcker (December 16, 2017), Horst Seehofer
Horst Seehofer
reelected leader of Merkel’s Bavarian allies Politico Europe. ^ Maxime Schlee (March 16, 2018), Markus Söder
Markus Söder
becomes Bavarian state premier Politico Europe. ^ Matthias Sobolewski (October 30, 2013), German-Swiss tax deal could be revived, conservatives say Reuters. ^ 2011 Annual Report KfW. ^ Söder neuer Aufsichtsratsvorsitzender des Flughafens Nürnberg Nuremberg
Nuremberg
Airport, press release of March 31, 2017. ^ Board of Trustees Deutsches Museum. ^ Michelle Martin (July 29, 2015), Merkel's Bavarian ally says Grexit would cause 'utter chaos' Reuters. ^ James Angelos (December 7, 2012), Greece's Samaras Aims to Win Over Bavarians Wall Street Journal. ^ Andrea Shalal (February 14, 2018), Bavaria
Bavaria
Fin Minister rejects eurozone expansion to Romania, Bulgaria
Bulgaria
Reuters. ^ Harriet Torry (December 12, 2013), Bavaria
Bavaria
Ends Funding for Scholarly Edition of 'Mein Kampf' Wall Street Journal. ^ Flüchtlinge sind "riesige Sicherheitslücke in Deutschland", Die Welt, 26 August 2016, in German ^ Franz Solms-Laubach (May 24, 2007), Markus Söder
Markus Söder
und seine uneheliche Tochter Die Welt. ^ Claudia Urbasek (January 23, 2016), Profitiert Söders Familie von der Flüchtlingskrise? Nürnberger Zeitung.

v t e

Current heads of government of the States of Germany

States

Winfried Kretschmann
Winfried Kretschmann
(Baden-Württemberg) Markus Söder
Markus Söder
(Bavaria) Michael Müller (Berlin) Dietmar Woidke
Dietmar Woidke
(Brandenburg) Carsten Sieling
Carsten Sieling
(Bremen) Katharina Fegebank
Katharina Fegebank
(Hamburg) Volker Bouffier
Volker Bouffier
(Hesse) Stephan Weil
Stephan Weil
(Lower Saxony) Manuela Schwesig
Manuela Schwesig
(Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) Armin Laschet (North Rhine-Westphalia) Malu Dreyer
Malu Dreyer
(Rhineland-Palatinate) Tobias Hans
Tobias Hans
(Saarland) Michael Kretschmer
Michael Kretschmer
(Saxony) Reiner Haseloff
Reiner Haseloff
(Saxony-Anhalt) Daniel Günther
Daniel Günther
(Schleswig-Holstein) Bodo Ramelow
Bodo Ramelow
(Thuringia)

v t e

General Secretaries of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria

Franz Josef Strauss Josef Brunner Heinz Lechmann Friedrich Zimmermann Anton Jaumann Max Streibl Gerold Tandler Edmund Stoiber Otto Wiesheu Gerold Tandler Erwin Huber Bernd Protzner Thomas Goppel Markus Söder Christine Haderthauer Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg Alexander Dobrindt Andreas Scheuer

v t e

Ministers-President of the Free State of Bavaria

Revolutionary period (1918–19)

Kurt Eisner Martin Segitz (acting)

Weimar period (1919–33)

Johannes Hoffmann Gustav Ritter von Kahr Graf von Lerchenfeld-Köfering Eugen von Knilling Heinrich Held

Nazi period (1933–45)

Ludwig Siebert Paul Giesler

Modern Bavaria
Bavaria
(since 1945)

Fritz Schäffer Wilhelm Hoegner Hans Ehard Wilhelm Hoegner Hanns Seidel Hans Ehard Alfons Goppel Franz Josef Strauss Max Streibl Edmund Stoiber Günther Beckstein Horst Seeh

.