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Olaf Scholz
Olaf Scholz (; born ) is a German politician who has served as the chancellor of Germany since 8 December 2021. A member of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), he previously served as Vice Chancellor under Angela Merkel and as Federal Minister of Finance from 2018 to 2021. He was also First Mayor of Hamburg from 2011 to 2018 and deputy leader of the SPD from 2009 to 2019. Scholz began his career as a lawyer specialising in labour and employment law. He became a member of the SPD in the 1970s and was a member of the Bundestag from 1998 to 2011. Scholz served in the Hamburg Government under First Mayor Ortwin Runde in 2001, before his election as General Secretary of the SPD in 2002, serving alongside SPD leader and then-Chancellor Gerhard Schröder. He became his party's Chief Whip in the Bundestag, later entering the First Merkel Government in 2007 as Minister of Labour and Social Affairs. After the SPD quit the government following the 2009 election, Scholz returned t ...
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Member Of The German Bundestag
Member of the German Parliament (german: Mitglied des Deutschen Bundestages) is the official name given to a deputy in the German Bundestag. ''Member of Parliament'' refers to the elected members of the federal Bundestag Parliament at the Reichstag building in Berlin. In German a member is called ' (Member of the Federal Diet) or officially ' (Member of the German Federal Diet), abbreviated ''MdB'' and attached. Unofficially the term ''Abgeordneter'' (literally: "delegate", i.e. of a certain electorate) is also common (abbreviated ''Abg.'', never follows the name but precedes it). From 1871 to 1918, legislators were known as Member of the Reichstag and sat in the Reichstag of the German Empire The Reichstag () of the German Empire was Germany's lower house of parliament from 1871 to 1918. Within the governmental structure of the Reich, it represented the national and democratic element alongside the federalism of the Bundesrat and the .... In accordance with article 38 of ...
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Social Democratic Party Of Germany
The Social Democratic Party of Germany (german: Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, ; SPD, ) is a centre-left social democratic political party in Germany. It is one of the major parties of contemporary Germany. Saskia Esken has been the party's leader since the 2019 leadership election together with Lars Klingbeil, who joined her in December 2021. After Olaf Scholz was elected chancellor in 2021 the SPD became the leading party of the federal government, which the SPD formed with the Greens and the Free Democratic Party, after the 2021 federal election. The SPD is a member of 11 of the 16 German state governments and is a leading partner in seven of them. The SPD was established in 1863. It was one of the earliest Marxist-influenced parties in the world. From the 1890s through the early 20th century, the SPD was Europe's largest Marxist party, and the most popular political party in Germany. During the First World War, the party split between a pro-war main ...
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Franz Müntefering
Franz Müntefering (; born 16 January 1940) is a German politician. He was Chairman of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) from 2004 to 2005 and again from 18 October 2008 to 13 November 2009. He served as the minister of Labour and Social Affairs, as well as the vice-chancellor of Germany, in the cabinet of Chancellor Angela Merkel from 2005 to 2007. Early life and education Müntefering was born in Neheim (now part of Arnsberg). He trained as an industrial salesman and worked for local metalwork companies. Political career Müntefering joined the SPD in 1966. He was a member of the Bundestag from 1975 to 1992 and again since 1998. From 1992 until 1995, Müntefering served as State Minister of Labor, Health and Social Affairs in the government of Minister-President Johannes Rau of North Rhine-Westphalia. He was a member of the State Parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia 1995 to 1998. Müntefering was ''Bundesgeschäftsführer'' (executive director) of the national SPD from 199 ...
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Federal Ministry Of Labour And Social Affairs
The Federal Ministry for Labour and Social Affairs (german: Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales, ), abbreviated BMAS) is a federal ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany headed by the Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs as a member of the Cabinet of Germany (''Bundesregierung''). Its first location is on Wilhelmstrasse in Berlin, the second in Bonn. History The Reich Ministry of Labour of the Weimar Republic was established on 13 February 1919 as the successor of the Labour Office (''Reichsarbeitsamt'') of the German Empire. The Social Democratic politician Gustav Bauer became the first Minister for Labour under Chancellor Philipp Scheidemann, whom he succeeded on 21 June that year. On the day of the ''Machtergreifung'' in January 1933, the German National politician and '' Der Stahlhelm'' leader Franz Seldte was appointed Minister for Labour in the Cabinet Hitler, a position he officially held until 1945, though without actual power. The West Ger ...
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Christine Lambrecht
Christine Lambrecht (born 19 June 1965) is a German lawyer and politician of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) who has been serving as the Federal Minister of Defence in the government of Chancellor  Olaf Scholz since December 2021. In the government of Chancellor Angela Merkel, Lambrecht previously served as Minister of Justice and Consumer Protection (2019–2021), Minister for Family Affairs (2021) and as one of two Parliamentary State Secretaries at the Federal Ministry of Finance (2018– 2019). Prior to that, she held various roles within the SPD parliamentary group, including as a deputy leader and Chief Whip. Education and early career Lambrecht attended the Albertus-Magnus-Gymnasium in Viernheim, in the German state of Hessen and in 1984 she passed her Abitur. After this she studied law at the Universities of Mannheim and Mainz, where she graduated in 1992 and completed an internship at State Court in Darmstadt. Political career Career in local politics Lam ...
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Fritz Rudolf Körper
Fritz Rudolf Körper (November 14, 1954 in Rehborn) is a German politician and member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). He was a member of the German Bundestag from 1990 to 2013, parliamentary state secretary to the Federal Minister of the Interior from 1998 to 2005 and Deputy Chairman of the SPD parliamentary group from 2005 to 2009. Education After graduating from high school in 1974, Körper studied Protestant theology at the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, which he completed in 1982 with the theological examination at the Evangelical Church of the Palatinate. Political career Fritz Rudolf Körper has been a member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) since 1973. From 1990 to 2010, he was chairman of the Bad Kreuznach SPD district association, and from 1990 to 2013 he was deputy chairman of the Rhineland SPD regional association. He was an elected member of the Bundestag from 1990 and remained in office until 2013. Here, he held the pos ...
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Walter Kolbow
Walter Kolbow (born 27 April 1944, in Spittal an der Drau) is a former German politician of the SPD. He was Parliamentary State Secretary (1998-2005) in the Federal Ministry of Defense, as well as deputy chairman of SPD Parliamentary Group in German Bundestag (2005-2009). Early life and career After primary school in Ingolstadt and Ochsenfurt (Bavaria), Kolbow graduated from Röntgen-Gymnasium Würzburg in 1964 and subsequently served his compulsory military duty until 1966 at the German Air Force. Today he is Captain of the reserve. Afterwards, Kolbow studied law at the University of Würzburg and the German University of Administrative Sciences in Speyer. In 1970 he obtained the '' Erstes Juristisches Staatsexamen'' and in 1974 the ''Zweites Juristisches Staatsexamen''. The year after, Kolbow started working for the local administration of Frankfurt. Between 1978 and 1980 he did scientific research for the Friedrich Ebert Foundation. Political career Kolbow joined the ...
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Ludwig Stiegler
Ludwig Stiegler (born 9 April 1944 in Parsberg) is a German politician. He was chairman of the SPD's group in the Bundestag in 2002Ludwig Stiegler
Bundestag.de, archive.org
and deputy chairman - with the exception of the period as a chairman - from 1998 to 2007. From 2003 to 2009, Stiegler was chairman of the SPD Bavaria.


Education and early career

Stiegler finished high school in 1964. From 1964 to 1967 he was a soldier of the . Afterwards he studied

Axel Schäfer
Axel Helmut Schäfer (born 3 August 1952) is a German politician of the Social Democratic Party (SPD). Born in Frankfurt, Hesse, he has been serving as a member of the Bundestag from the state of North Rhine-Westphalia since 2002. Political career Member of the European Parliament, 1994–1999 Following the 1994 elections, Schäfer served as a one-term Member of the European Parliament. During his time in parliament, he was a member of the Committee on Institutional Affairs and the parliament's delegation to the EU-Poland Joint Parliamentary Committee. Member of the German Parliament, 2002–present Schäfer first became a member of the Bundestag in the 2002 German federal election. He is a member of the Committee on European Union Affairs. Schäfer led the Bundestag group of SPD parliamentarians from North Rhine-Westphalia, the largest delegation within the party's parliamentary group from 2005 until 2013. From 2010 until 2017, he served as deputy chairman of the SPD pa ...
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Hubertus Heil
Hubertus Heil (born 3 November 1972) is a German politician of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) who has been serving as Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs in the fourth cabinet of Chancellor Angela Merkel and the first cabinet of Chancellor Olaf Scholz since 14 March 2018. In 2005, Heil became general secretary of the SPD. In September 2009, after immense losses for the SPD during the German federal election, Heil announced his resignation from this position for November. Andrea Nahles succeeded him as general secretary in November 2009. After Katarina Barley's appointment as Federal Minister of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth, he briefly returned to the office from 2 June to 8 December 2017. Early life and career Heil was born in Hildesheim in 1972 as son of a teacher. After graduation in 1992 at the ''Gymnasium am Silberkamp'' in Peine, Heil has been drafted for the Alternative civilian service (in German: '' Zivildienst'') and in 19 ...
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Dagmar Ziegler
Dagmar Ziegler (born 28 September 1960) is a German politician of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) who served as a member of the Bundestag from the state of Brandenburg from 2009 until 2021. Political career Career in state politics From 1994 until 2009, Ziegler was a member of the State Parliament of Brandenburg. In the government of Minister-President Matthias Platzeck, she served as State Minister of Finance (2000-2004) and State Minister for Labour, Social Affairs, Health and Families (2004-2009). Member of the German Parliament, 2009–2021 Ziegler became a member of the Bundestag after the 2009 German federal election. From 2009 until 2013, she was Member of the Bundestag FOR Prignitz – Ostprignitz-Ruppin – Havelland I in north-western Brandenburg State, and served as deputy chairwoman of the SPD parliamentary group under the leadership of chairman Frank-Walter Steinmeier. She lost her constituency in 2013 to Sebastian Steineke from the CDU, but was electe ...
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Florian Pronold
Florian Pronold (born 28 December 1972) is a German lawyer and politician of the SPD who served as member of the German Bundestag from 2002 until 2021. From 11 July 2009 to 20 May 2017, he was state chairman of the SPD Bavaria. From 2013 until 2021, Pronold served as Parliamentary State Secretary in the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety in the government of Chancellor Angela Merkel. Education and early career Pronold was born in Passau. After graduating from high school in 1992 at the Robert Koch High School in Deggendorf, Pronold initially completed training - alongside comedian Django Asül - to become a banker at Sparkasse Deggendorf. In 1995, Pronold began to study law at the University of Regensburg, which he finished in 2000 with the first state law exam. After completing his legal clerkship, he also passed the second state examination in 2002 and has since been admitted as a lawyer. His activity and partnership in a law firm i ...
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