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Málaga
Málaga
(/ˈmæləɡə/, Spanish: [ˈmalaɣa]) is a municipality, capital of the Province of Málaga, in the Autonomous Community
Autonomous Community
of Andalusia, Spain. With a population of 569,130 in 2015,[1] it is the second-most populous city of Andalusia
Andalusia
and the sixth-largest in Spain. The southernmost large city in Europe, it lies on the Costa del Sol (Coast of the Sun) of the Mediterranean, about 100 kilometres (62.14 miles) east of the Strait of Gibraltar
Strait of Gibraltar
and about 130 km (80.78 mi) north of Africa. Málaga's history spans about 2,800 years, making it one of the oldest cities in the world. It was founded by the Phoenicians
Phoenicians
as Malaka about 770 BC, and from the 6th century BC was under the hegemony of Ancient Carthage. Then, from 218 BC, it was ruled by the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
and later the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
as Malaca (Latin). After the fall of the empire and the end of Visigothic rule, it was under Islamic rule as Mālaqah (مالقة) for 800 years, but in 1487, the Crown of Castille gained control after the Reconquista. The archaeological remains and monuments from the Phoenician, Roman, Arabic
Arabic
and Christian eras make the historic center of the city an "open museum", displaying its history of nearly 3,000 years. This important cultural infrastructure and the artistic heritage have culminated in the nomination of Málaga
Málaga
as a candidate for the 2016 European Capital of Culture. The internationally acclaimed painter and sculptor Pablo Picasso, Hebrew poet and Jewish philosopher Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol
and the actor Antonio Banderas
Antonio Banderas
were born in Málaga. The magnum opus of Cuban composer Ernesto Lecuona, "Malagueña", is named for the music of this region of Spain. The most important business sectors in Málaga
Málaga
are tourism, construction and technology services, but other sectors such as transportation and logistics are beginning to expand. The Andalusia Technology Park (PTA), located in Málaga, has enjoyed significant growth since its inauguration in 1992. Málaga
Málaga
is the main economic and financial centre of southern Spain, home of the region's largest bank, Unicaja, and the fourth-ranking city in economic activity in Spain
Spain
behind Madrid, Barcelona
Barcelona
and Valencia.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Location 2.2 Metropolitan area 2.3 Climate

3 Main sights

3.1 Museums

4 Demographics 5 Politics and administration 6 Economy 7 Culture

7.1 Annual cultural events 7.2 Religion 7.3 Sports 7.4 Tourism 7.5 Other events

8 Education 9 Transport

9.1 Airport 9.2 Seaport 9.3 High-speed train 9.4 Roads and highways 9.5 Urban bus 9.6 Metropolitan bus 9.7 Mass transit 9.8 Malaga Public Transportation Statistics

10 Notable people 11 Twin towns – sister cities 12 See also 13 References 14 Sources 15 External links

History Main articles: History of Málaga
History of Málaga
and Timeline of Málaga

La malagueña (1919) by Julio Romero de Torres

The Phoenicians
Phoenicians
from Tyre founded the city as Malaka about 770 BC. The name Malaḥa or mlḥ is probably derived from the Phoenician word for "salt" because fish was salted near the harbour. (Cf. "salt" in other Semitic languages, e.g. Hebrew מלח mélaḥ or Arabic
Arabic
ملح malaḥ). After a period of Carthaginian rule, Malaka became part of the Roman Empire. In its Roman stage, the city ( Latin
Latin
name, Malaca) showed a remarkable degree of development. Transformed into a confederated city, it was under a special law, the Lex Flavia Malacitana. A Roman theatre was built at this time.[4] After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was ruled first by the Visigoths
Visigoths
and then by the Byzantine Empire (550–621).[citation needed]. It was regained by the Visigoths in 621 and ruled by them until the Umayyad
Umayyad
Muslim
Muslim
conquest in 711. In the 8th century, during the Muslim
Muslim
Arabic
Arabic
rule over Spain, the city became an important trade center. Málaga
Málaga
was first a possession of the Caliphate of Córdoba. After the fall of the Umayyad
Umayyad
dynasty, it became the capital of a distinct kingdom ruled by the Zirids. During this time, the city was called Mālaqah ( Arabic
Arabic
مالقة). From 1025 it was the capital of the autonomous Taifa of Málaga, until its conquest by the Emirate of Granada
Emirate of Granada
in 1239. The traveller Ibn Battuta, who passed through around 1325, characterised it as "one of the largest and most beautiful towns of Andalusia
Andalusia
[uniting] the conveniences of both sea and land, and is abundantly supplied with foodstuffs and fruits". He praised its grapes, figs, and almonds; "its ruby-coloured Murcian pomegranates have no equal in the world." Another exported product was its "excellent gilded pottery". The town's mosque was large and beautiful, with "exceptionally tall orange trees" in its courtyard.[5]

Málaga
Málaga
in 1572: Castle of Gibralfaro
Gibralfaro
(center)

Málaga
Málaga
was one of the Iberian cities where Muslim
Muslim
rule persisted the longest, having been part of the Emirate of Granada. While most other parts of the peninsula had already been won back during the reconquista, the Moors still occupied Málaga. Málaga
Málaga
was retaken by Christian forces on 18 August 1487,[6] The Muslim
Muslim
inhabitants resisted assaults and artillery bombardments before hunger forced them to surrender, virtually the entire population was sold into slavery or given as "gifts" to other Christian rulers,[7] five years before the fall of Granada. On 24 August 1704 the indecisive Battle of Málaga, the largest naval battle in the War of the Spanish Succession, took place in the sea south of Málaga. After the coup of July 1936 the government of the Second Spanish Republic retained control of Málaga. Its harbour was a base of the Spanish Republican Navy
Spanish Republican Navy
at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. It suffered heavy bombing by Italian warships which took part in breaking the Republican navy's blockade of Nationalist-held Spanish Morocco
Spanish Morocco
and took part in naval bombardment of Republican-held Málaga.[8] After the Battle of Málaga
Málaga
and the Francoist
Francoist
takeover in February 1937, over seven thousand people were killed.[9] The city also suffered shelling later by Spanish Republican naval units. The well-known British journalist and writer Arthur Koestler
Arthur Koestler
was captured by the Nationalist forces on their entry into Málaga, which formed the material for his book Spanish Testament. The first chapters of Spanish Testament include an eye-witness account of the 1937 fall of Málaga to Francisco Franco's armies during the Spanish Civil War. After the war, Málaga
Málaga
and Koestler's old haunts of Torremolinos
Torremolinos
and the rest of the Costa del Sol
Costa del Sol
enjoyed the highest growth of the tourism sector in Spain. Geography Location

The Roman theatre of Málaga

Málaga
Málaga
is located in southern Spain, on the Costa del Sol
Costa del Sol
(Coast of the Sun) on the northern side of the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea. It lies at the feet of the Montes de Málaga, about 100 kilometres (62 miles) east of the Strait of Gibraltar
Strait of Gibraltar
and about 130 kilometres (81 miles) east of Tarifa
Tarifa
(the southernmost point of continental Europe) and about 130 km (81 miles) to the north of Africa. Metropolitan area The urban area, stretching mostly along a narrow strip of coastline, has a population of 1,066,532 on 827.33 square kilometres (319.43 sq mi) (density 1,289 hab / km² – 2012 data). It is formed by Málaga
Málaga
proper together with the following adjacent towns and municipalities: Rincón de la Victoria, Torremolinos, Benalmádena, Fuengirola, Alhaurín de la Torre, Mijas, Marbella
Marbella
and San Pedro Alcántara. The Málaga
Málaga
metropolitan area includes additional municipalities located mostly in the mountains area north of the coast and also some on the coast: Cártama, Pizarra, Coín, Monda, Ojén, Alhaurín el Grande
Alhaurín el Grande
and Estepona
Estepona
on west; Casabermeja
Casabermeja
on north; Totalán, Algarrobo, Torrox
Torrox
and Vélez-Málaga
Vélez-Málaga
eastward from Málaga.

Map of Málaga
Málaga
province, centered Málaga
Málaga
urban area (Málaga, Rincón de la Victoria, Torremolinos, Benalmádena, Fuengirola, Marbella
Marbella
– density >1000/km² and Mijas, Alhaurín de la Torre)

Municipalities of the metropolitan area are connected by the road network (including motorways) with the urban area and Málaga
Málaga
city (the urban area can be reached by car from the farthest reaches in 20 minutes and Málaga
Málaga
city in 45 minutes). In some usages the metropolitan area includes other municipalities to which Málaga's public transport network extends, at least since the establishment of the Consorcio de Transporte Metropolitano del Área de Málaga
Málaga
(en: Consortium of Transportation of Málaga
Málaga
Metropolitan Area). Together about 1.3 million (max. 1.6 million[10]) people live in the Málaga metropolitan area and the number grows every year as all the municipalities and cities of the area record an annual increase in population. Climate

Málaga

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    69     17 7

    60     18 8

    52     20 10

    44     21 11

    20     24 14

    6     28 18

    0     31 21

    6     31 21

    20     28 19

    57     24 15

    101     20 11

    100     18 9

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    2.7     62 45

    2.4     64 47

    2     67 50

    1.7     71 52

    0.8     76 58

    0.2     83 64

    0     87 69

    0.2     87 70

    0.8     83 66

    2.2     75 59

    4     68 52

    3.9     64 48

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

The climate is subtropical- Mediterranean
Mediterranean
(Köppen climate classification: Csa)[11] with very mild winters and hot summers. Málaga
Málaga
enjoys plenty of sunshine throughout the year, with an average of about 300 days of sunshine and only about 40-45 with precipitation annually. Its coastal location with winds blowing from the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea make the heat manageable during the summer.[12] Málaga
Málaga
experiences the warmest winters of any European city with a population over 500,000. The average temperature during the day in the period December through February is 17–18 °C (63–64 °F). During the winter, the Málaga
Málaga
Mountains (Montes de Málaga) block out the cold weather from the north.[12] Generally, the summer season lasts about eight months, from April to November, although in the remaining four months temperatures sometimes surpass 24 °C (75 °F). Its average annual temperature is 23.3 °C (73.9 °F) during the day and 13.7 °C (56.7 °F) at night. In the coldest month, January, the temperature ranges from 13 to 20 °C (55 to 68 °F) during the day, 5 to 13 °C (41 to 55 °F) at night and the average sea temperature is 16–17 °C (61–63 °F). In the warmest month, August, the temperature ranges from 26 to 34 °C (79 to 93 °F) during the day, above 20 °C (68 °F) at night and the average sea temperature is 26 °C (79 °F). Large fluctuations in temperature are rare. The highest temperature ever recorded at the airport is 44.2 °C (111.6 °F) on 18th July 1978. In the month of August 1881, the average reported daytime maximum temperature was a record 34.8 °C (94.6 °F). The coldest temperature ever recorded was −3.8 °C (25.2 °F) on the night of 4 February 1954.[13] The highest wind speed ever recorded was on 16 July 1980, measuring 119 km/h (73.94 mph). Snowfall is virtually unknown, since the end of the XIX century, Málaga
Málaga
city has only recorded snow one day in the 20th century, on 2 February 1954.[14] Annual average relative humidity is 65%, ranging from 58% in June to 72% in December.[15] Yearly sunshine hours is between 2,800 and 3,000 per year, from 5–6 hours of sunshine / day in December to average 11 hours of sunshine / day in July.[15][16][17] Rain occurs mainly in winter, with summer being generally dry. Málaga
Málaga
is one of the few cities in Europe which are "green" all year round. The climate and scenery of Málaga
Málaga
and its surroundings are very similar to Los Angeles, southern California.

Climate data for Málaga
Málaga
Airport, Churriana, Spain
Spain
(1981–2010), Extremes (1942-present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 26.8 (80.2) 30.0 (86) 31.4 (88.5) 33.0 (91.4) 35.0 (95) 41.0 (105.8) 44.2 (111.6) 44.0 (111.2) 40.0 (104) 36.3 (97.3) 30.4 (86.7) 24.6 (76.3) 44.2 (111.6)

Average high °C (°F) 16.8 (62.2) 17.7 (63.9) 19.6 (67.3) 21.4 (70.5) 24.3 (75.7) 28.1 (82.6) 30.5 (86.9) 30.8 (87.4) 28.2 (82.8) 24.1 (75.4) 20.1 (68.2) 17.5 (63.5) 23.3 (73.9)

Daily mean °C (°F) 12.1 (53.8) 12.9 (55.2) 14.7 (58.5) 16.3 (61.3) 19.3 (66.7) 23.0 (73.4) 25.5 (77.9) 26.0 (78.8) 23.5 (74.3) 19.5 (67.1) 15.7 (60.3) 13.2 (55.8) 18.5 (65.3)

Average low °C (°F) 7.4 (45.3) 8.2 (46.8) 9.8 (49.6) 11.1 (52) 14.2 (57.6) 18.0 (64.4) 20.5 (68.9) 21.1 (70) 18.8 (65.8) 15.0 (59) 11.3 (52.3) 8.9 (48) 13.7 (56.7)

Record low °C (°F) −2.6 (27.3) −3.8 (25.2) −1.2 (29.8) 2.8 (37) 5.0 (41) 9.8 (49.6) 10.0 (50) 12.2 (54) 10.2 (50.4) 5.6 (42.1) 1.4 (34.5) −0.8 (30.6) −3.8 (25.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 69 (2.72) 60 (2.36) 52 (2.05) 44 (1.73) 20 (0.79) 6 (0.24) 0 (0) 6 (0.24) 20 (0.79) 57 (2.24) 101 (3.98) 100 (3.94) 534 (21.02)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 6 5 4 5 3 1 0 1 2 4 6 7 42

Mean monthly sunshine hours 181 180 222 244 292 329 347 316 255 215 172 160 2,905

Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[18] Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[15]

Climate data for Málaga
Málaga
Airport, Churriana, Spain
Spain
(1981–2010) Highest and lowest mean temperatures

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Mean maximum °C (°F) 19.7 (67.5) 20.6 (69.1) 21.7 (71.1) 23.8 (74.8) 26.0 (78.8) 30.4 (86.7) 32.5 (90.5) 32.3 (90.1) 29.6 (85.3) 26.3 (79.3) 22.4 (72.3) 19.4 (66.9) 32.5 (90.5)

Mean minimum °C (°F) 5.2 (41.4) 5.5 (41.9) 7.5 (45.5) 8.4 (47.1) 11.6 (52.9) 14.9 (58.8) 18.8 (65.8) 19.0 (66.2) 16.8 (62.2) 12.5 (54.5) 9.1 (48.4) 6.3 (43.3) 5.2 (41.4)

Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[19]

Climate data for Málaga

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average sea temperature °C (°F) 15.9 (60.7) 15.6 (60.0) 15.6 (60.0) 16.8 (62.2) 18.4 (65.2) 21.0 (69.7) 22.9 (73.2) 23.5 (74.3) 21.9 (71.3) 20.5 (68.8) 18.1 (64.5) 16.5 (61.8) 18.9 (66.0)

Mean daily daylight hours 10.0 11.0 12.0 13.0 14.0 15.0 14.0 14.0 12.0 11.0 10.0 10.0 12.2

Average Ultraviolet index 2 4 5 7 8 10 10 9 7 5 3 2 6

Source: Weather Atlas [20]

Main sights The old historic centre of Málaga
Málaga
reaches the harbour to the south. In the north it is surrounded by mountains, the Montes de Málaga (part of the Baetic Cordillera) lying in the southern base of the Axarquía hills, and two rivers, the Guadalmedina
Guadalmedina
– the historic center is located on its left bank – and the Guadalhorce, which flows west of the city into the Mediterranean, in the Churriana district. The oldest architectural remains in the city are the walls of the Phoenician city, which are visible in the cellar of the Museo Picasso Málaga. The Roman theatre of Málaga, which dates from the 1st century BC, was rediscovered in 1951.[21]

View of the old Alcazaba

The Moors left posterity the dominating presence of the Castle of Gibralfaro, which is connected to the Alcazaba, the lower fortress and royal residence. Both were built during the Taifa period (11th century) and extended during the Nasrid period (13th and 14th centuries). The Alcazaba
Alcazaba
stands on a hill within the city. Originally, it defended the city from the incursions of pirates. Later, in the 11th century, it was completely rebuilt by the Hammudid dynasty.[22] Occupying the eastern hillside that rises from the sea and overlooks the city, the Alcazaba
Alcazaba
was surrounded by palms and pine trees. Like many of the military fortifications that were constructed in Islamic Spain, the Alcazaba of Málaga
Alcazaba of Málaga
featured a quadrangular plan. It was protected by an outer and inner wall, both supported by rectangular towers, between which a covered walkway led up the slope to the Gibralfaro
Gibralfaro
(this was the only exchange between the two sites). Due to its rough and awkward hillside topography, corridors throughout the site provided a means of communications for administrative and defensive operations, also affording privacy to the palatial residential quarters. The entrance of the complex featured a grand tower that led into a sophisticated double bent entrance. After passing through several gates, open yards with beautiful gardens of pine and eucalyptus trees, and the inner wall through the Puerta de Granada, one finds the 11th- and 14th-century Governor's palace. It was organised around a central rectangular courtyard with a triple-arched gateway and some of the rooms have been preserved to this day. An open 11th-century mirador (belvedere) to the south of this area affords views of the gardens and sea below. Measuring 2.5 square metres (27 square feet), this small structure highlighted scalloped, five-lobed arches. To the north of this area were a waterwheel and a Cyclopean well (penetrating forty metres or 130 feet below ground), a hammam, workshops and the monumental Puerta de la Torre del Homenaje, the northernmost point of the inner walls. Directly beyond was the passage to the Gibralfaro above. The Church of Santiago (Saint James) is an example of Gothic vernacular Mudéjar, the hybrid style that evolved after the Reconquista
Reconquista
incorporating elements from both Christian and Islamic tradition. Also from the period is the Iglesia del Sagrario, which was built on the site of the old mosque immediately after the city fell to Christian troops. It boasts a richly ornamented portal in the Isabeline-Gothic style, unique in the city.

The Cathedral of the Incarnation

The Cathedral and the Episcopal Palace were planned with Renaissance architectural ideals but there was a shortfall of building funds and they were finished in Baroque style. The Basílica y Real Santuario de Santa María de la Victoria, built in the late 17th century, has a chapel in which the vertical volume is filled with elaborate Baroque plasterwork. Other sights include:

Walls. Phoenician, Roman, Byzantine, Arab and Spanish remains of the defensive compounds of the city. Church of the Sacred Heart. San Felipe Neri Church. Church of the Holy Martyrs.

La Concepción, botanical and historical garden

La Concepción, botanical and historical garden. Atarazanas Market.

The historic Anglican Cemetery of St. George is the oldest non-Roman Catholic Christian cemetery established on mainland Spain
Spain
(in 1831).

Anglican Cemetery of St. George. Palm grove and Muelle Uno. Port of Málaga. San Miguel Cemetery. La Malagueta bullring. Pedregalejo, old fishing district.

Museums Main article: List of museums in Málaga In the early part of the 21st century, the city of Málaga
Málaga
invested heavily (more than 100 million euros in 10 years)[23] in the arts to draw tourists and establish itself as a cultural Andalucia destination with 28 museums.[24] Some notable and recently opened museums are:

Museo de Málaga
Museo de Málaga
(Fine Arts and Archeology museum) at the Palacio de la Aduana. Museo Carmen Thyssen, opened in 2011, sister museum to the Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection in Madrid, located at Palacio de Villalón.

Museo Picasso Málaga

Museo Picasso Málaga, opened in 2003, at the Palacio de los Condes de Buenavista, near the Cathedral.

Centre Pompidou Málaga

Centre Pompidou Málaga, opened in 2015, a branch of the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, located in El Cubo, a cuboid glass structure in Málaga
Málaga
port. Fundación Picasso
Fundación Picasso
and Picasso Birthplace Museum. Colección del Museo Ruso (Collection of the Russian Museum) Saint Petersburg/Málaga, opened in 2015, located in the Tabacalera building one km west of the city center.. Museum Jorge Rando, opened in 2015. Museo de Artes y Costumbres Populares (Museum of Arts and Popular Traditions).

CAC Málaga

Centro de Arte Contemporáneo de Málaga
Málaga
(CAC Málaga), opened 2003, free admission, right behind the Alameda train station in an area known as Soho de Málaga. The most visited museum in Andalusia.[citation needed]

Demographics

Málaga
Málaga
in winter.

In 2013 there were 568,479 people residing in Málaga. The number of resident foreign nationals has risen significantly in Málaga
Málaga
since the 1970s, especially of British and German citizens who move for the pleasant climate. The majority of foreigners live near the coastline.[25] Politics and administration Málaga
Málaga
is divided in 11 municipal districts.[26]

Nº District Nº District Location

1 Centro 7 Carretera de Cádiz

2 Este 8 Churriana

3 Ciudad Jardín 9 Campanillas

4 Bailén-Miraflores 10 Puerto de la Torre

5 Palma-Palmilla 11 Teatinos-Universidad

6 Cruz de Humilladero

Economy

Málaga
Málaga
harbour

Trade Fair and Congress in Málaga
Málaga
(Palacio de Ferias y Congresos de Málaga)

Málaga
Málaga
is the fourth-ranking city in economic activity in Spain behind Madrid, Barcelona
Barcelona
and Valencia.[3] The most important business sectors in Málaga
Málaga
are tourism, construction and technology services, but other sectors such as transportation and logistics are beginning to expand. The Andalusia Technology Park (PTA) (In Spanish, "Parque Tecnológico de Andalucía"), located in Málaga, has enjoyed significant growth since its inauguration in 1992 by the King of Spain. In 2010, this high-tech, science and industrial park was home to 509 companies and employed over 14,500 people.[citation needed] In line with the city's strategic plan, the campaign "Málaga: Open for Business" is directed towards the international promotion of the city on all levels but fundamentally on a business level. The campaign places a special emphasis on new technologies as well as innovation and research in order to promote the city as a reference and focal point for many global business initiatives and projects.[27] Málaga
Málaga
is a city of commerce and tourism has been a growing source of revenue, driven by the presence of a major airport, the improvement of communications, and new infrastructure such as the AVE
AVE
and the maritime station, and new cultural facilities such as the Picasso Museum, the Contemporary Art Centre and Trade Fair and Congress, which have drawn more tourists.[28] The city hosts the International Association of Science and Technology Parks (IASP) (Asociación Internacional de Parques Tecnológicos), and a group of IT company executives and business leaders has launched an information sector initiative, Málaga
Málaga
Valley e-27, which seeks to make Málaga
Málaga
the Silicon Valley of Europe. Málaga
Málaga
has had strong growth in new technology industries, mainly located in the Technological Park of Andalusia, and in the construction sector. The city is home to the largest bank in Andalusia, Unicaja, and such local companies as Mayoral, Charanga, Sando, Vera, Ubago, Isofoton, Tedial, Novasoft, Grupo Vértice and Almeida viajes, and other multinationals such as Fujitsu
Fujitsu
Spain, Pernod Ricard
Pernod Ricard
Spain, Accenture, Epcos, Oracle Corporation, Huawei
Huawei
and San Miguel.[29] Nobel prize-winner Bruce Beutler is planning to set up the biggest mutagenesis research laboratory in the world in Malaga.[30]

Distribution by sector industrial enterprises:[31]

Industrial sector Companies

Energy and water 24

Chemical and mining 231

Mechanical engineering industry 833

Manufacturing 1,485

Total 2,573

Industrial activity index 771

Construction-related companies 3,143

Culture Annual cultural events

Verdiales dancer in August Málaga
Málaga
Fair

Holy week in Málaga

The Holy Week celebration, the August Málaga
Málaga
Fair (Feria de Málaga) and the Málaga Film Festival
Málaga Film Festival
are the three major events held in the city. Holy Week has been observed for five centuries in Málaga. Processions start on Palm Sunday and continue until Easter Sunday. Images depicting scenes from the Passion are displayed on huge ornate tronos (floats or thrones), some weighing more than 5,000 kilograms (11,000 pounds). Famous is the royal archbrotherhood of Our-Lady of Hope Nuestra Señora de la Esperanza. They have more than 5,000 members and 600 nazarenos. These tronos highlight the processions that go through the streets led by penitents dressed in long robes, with capirote, followed by women in black carrying candles. Drums and trumpets play music and occasionally someone spontaneously sings a mournful saeta dedicated to the floats as they make their way slowly round the streets. Some Holy Week tronos are so huge that they must be housed in places outside the churches, as they are taller than the entrance doors. Famous is the military procession of "la legion" (Royal congregation of Mena) playing marches and singing their anthem (El Novio de la Muerte) during procession. During the celebration of the Feria de Málaga
Málaga
in August, the streets are transformed into traditional symbols of Spanish culture and history, with sweet wine, tapas, and live flamenco shows. The day events consist of dancing, live music (like Flamenco
Flamenco
or Verdiales, traditional music from Málaga) and bullfights at La Malagueta, while the night fair is moved to the Recinto Ferial, consisting of restaurants, clubs, and an entire fair ground with rides and games. The Málaga Film Festival
Málaga Film Festival
(Festival de Málaga
Málaga
Cine Español (FMCE)), dedicated exclusively to films produced in Spain, is one of the most important festivals in the country. It is held annually during a week in March or April. Religion Most of the population of Málaga
Málaga
professes Roman Catholicism as its religion. Protestants also have a presence in Málaga: one of seven congregations of the Reformed Churches in Spain
Spain
is based in the city and is the only one that permits paedocommunion, while The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is growing.[citation needed] Islam
Islam
is represented by a growing number of immigrants and a mosque, while the Jewish community (primarily Sephardi) is represented by its synagogue and the Jewish Association. Sports

La Rosaleda stadium. Málaga CF
Málaga CF
vs Real Madrid
Madrid
C.F. in October 2010

Málaga
Málaga
is home to three major professional sports teams. These include:

Málaga CF
Málaga CF
– football club plays in Primera División. Honours: UEFA Intertoto Cup: 2002, UEFA Cup: 2003 (Quarter-finals), UEFA Champions League: 2013 (Quarter-finals). CB Málaga
Málaga
– basketball club plays in ACB League. Honours: Spanish Championship: 2006, runner-up: 1995, 2002; Spanish Cup: 2005, runner-up: 2009; Spanish Super-Cup: runner-up: 2006, 2015; Korać Cup: 2001, runner-up: 2000; Euroleague: third place: 2007; EuroCup: 2017 CD El Palo
CD El Palo
– football club plays in third level of Spanish football: Segunda Division B Club Atlético Málaga
Club Atlético Málaga
– women's football club plays in Superliga Femenina, Honours: Spain
Spain
Cup: 1998, runner-up: 1997; Spain
Spain
Supercup: 1999

The city has four large sports facilities:

Estadio La Rosaleda
Estadio La Rosaleda
– football stadium, with a capacity of 30,044. One of the arenas of Primera División (for Málaga
Málaga
CF) and 1982 FIFA World Cup. Final of UEFA Intertoto Cup
UEFA Intertoto Cup
2002. Jose Maria Martin Carpena Arena
Jose Maria Martin Carpena Arena
– sports arena, with a maximum capacity of 14,000. It is home of CB Málaga
Málaga
and arena of Spanish Cup 2001, 2007, 2014; Spanish Super-Cup 2004, 2006, 2015; NBA Europe Live Tour 2007; Estadio de Atletismo Ciudad de Málaga
Málaga
– athletics stadium with a capacity of 7,500. Place where the European Cup 2006 was celebrated; 2006 Vuelta a España; Spain
Spain
Athletics Championships 2005 and 2011; Centro Acuático de Málaga
Málaga
( Málaga
Málaga
Aquatic Centre) – water arena, with a capacity of 17,000. Arena of European Water Polo Championship 2008.

In city and neighbourhood, you can engage in many sports, for example: surfing, windsurfing, kitesurfing, swimming, diving, skydiving, paragliding, running, cycling, rowing, tennis and golf.

La Malagueta beach

The city will host the 21st World Transplant Games from 25 June to 2 July 2017 [32] Tourism

Strachan Street in downtown

The city is an important tourist destination, known as "the capital of the Costa del Sol". An estimated 6 million tourists visit the city each year.[33] Tourists usually visit the birthplace of Pablo Picasso and the Museo Picasso Málaga, the Carmen Thyssen Museum, the old town or the beaches. The Málaga
Málaga
harbour is also the second busiest cruise port of the Iberian Peninsula. A popular walk leads up the hill to the Gibralfaro
Gibralfaro
castle (a Parador), offering panoramic views over the city. The castle is next to the Alcazaba, the old Muslim
Muslim
palace, which in turn is next to the inner city of Málaga. Other nearby attractions are the Roman Theatre, the old Jewish quarter, the Cathedral, and the Church of Santiago in mudéjar style. A popular walk follows the Paseo del Parque (a promenade that runs alongside a grand park with many palm trees and statues) to the harbour, ending in Calle Larios, the main commercial street of the city. There is also a curious museum, the Museum of the Holy Week, which includes an impressive display of Baroque ecclesiastical items. Other events The Fiesta Mayor de Verdiales takes place every year on 28 December during which Spain's April Fool Day is celebrated.[34] The Fiestas de Carnaval, in which people dress in all types of costumes, takes place prior to the holy 40 days of Lent every February. A contest is held in the Teatro Cervantes between groups of singers, quartets and choirs who compete in the singing of ironic songs about social and political issues. The Carnival takes to the streets of Málaga
Málaga
on the week before Ash Wednesday, ending on Malagueta beach with the burial of the anchovy (entierro de la sardina).[34] Education

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (February 2016)

International schools in Málaga
Málaga
city:

Lycée Français de Málaga (French school) St. George´s School, Málaga
Málaga
(British school)

Transport Airport

Málaga
Málaga
Airport

The city is served by Málaga
Málaga
Costa Del Sol Airport, one of the first in Spain
Spain
and the oldest still in operation. In 2008, it handled 12,813,472 passengers,[35] making it the fourth-busiest in Spain. It is the international airport of Andalusia, accounting for 85 percent of its international traffic. The airport, connected to the Costa del Sol, has a daily link with twenty cities in Spain
Spain
and over a hundred cities in Europe (mainly in United Kingdom, Central Europe and the Nordic countries but also the main cities of Eastern Europe: Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Budapest, Sofia, Warsaw
Warsaw
or Bucharest), North Africa, Middle East (Riyadh, Jeddah
Jeddah
and Kuwait) and North America (New York City, Toronto
Toronto
and Montreal). The airport is connected to Málaga
Málaga
City and surrounding areas through a transport hub, which includes the bus system and suburban trains[36][37][38] and car parks.[citation needed] Seaport

Port of Málaga

The Port of Málaga
Port of Málaga
is the city's seaport, operating continuously at least since 600 BC. The port is one of the busiest ports on the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea, with a trade volume of over 428,623 TEU and 642,529 passenger in 2008.[39] High-speed train See also: Madrid– Málaga
Málaga
high-speed rail line

High speed trains AVE
AVE
S-112 nicknamed "Pato" ("Duck") in Málaga-Maria Zambrano Station.

The Málaga María Zambrano railway station
Málaga María Zambrano railway station
is served by the AVE high-speed rail system, and is operated by the Spanish formerly state-owned rail company Renfe. Roads and highways The A45 road leads north to Antequera
Antequera
and Córdoba. The Autovía A-7 parallels the N-340
N-340
road, both leading to Cádiz
Cádiz
to the west through the Costa del Sol
Costa del Sol
Occidental and Barcelona
Barcelona
to the east through the Costa del Sol
Costa del Sol
Oriental. Urban bus Empresa Malagueña de Transportes[40] buses are the main form of transport around the city.[41] Málaga's bus station is connected with the city by the bus line number 4, although it is only ten minutes' walk to the Alameda from there. Metropolitan bus Málaga
Málaga
Metropolitan Transport Consortium's (Consorcio de Transporte Metropolitano del Área de Málaga)[42] buses are the main form of transport around the city of Málaga
Málaga
and the villages of the Metropolitan Area. Mass transit The city has two commuter train lines Cercanías and a light rail system.[43] Malaga Public Transportation Statistics The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Malaga, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 49 min. 6% of public transit riders, ride for more than 2 hours every day. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 9 min, while 8% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 4.1 km, while 1% travel for over 12 km in a single direction. [44] Notable people

Antonio Banderas
Antonio Banderas
and Pablo Picasso

Solomon ibn Gabirol
Solomon ibn Gabirol
(1021–1058), philosopher and poet Ibn al-Baitar
Ibn al-Baitar
(1188–1248), botanist and pharmacist Ruy López de Villalobos (1500–1544), explorer Diego de Montemayor (1530–1611), founder of Monterrey, Mexico
Mexico
and governor of Nuevo León Francisco de Leiva (1630–1676), playwright Luis de Unzaga (1721–1790), politician Bernardo de Gálvez
Bernardo de Gálvez
(1746–1786), Count of Gálvez and Viscount of Galveston, military and colonial administrator María Manuela Kirkpatrick (1794–1879), aristocrat José de Salamanca
Salamanca
(1811–1883), Marquis of Salamanca
Salamanca
and Count of Los Llanos, businessman and politician Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
(1828–1897), Prime Minister of Alfonso XII José Denis Belgrano
José Denis Belgrano
(1844–1917), painter José Moreno Carbonero
José Moreno Carbonero
(1858–1942), painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
(1881–1973), artist José Moreno Villa (1887–1955), painter and writer María Dávila (1990–), painter Bernardo Giner de los Ríos (1888–1970), architect and politician Victoria Kent
Victoria Kent
(1898–1987), lawyer and politician Luis Bolín (1894–1969), lawyer and journalist Emilio Prados (1899–1962), poet Manuel Altolaguirre (1905–1959), poet Antonio Molina (1928–1992), singer Antonio Luque (1941–), engineer and photovoltaics pioneer Juan Madrid
Madrid
(1943–), writer and journalist Marisol (1948–), singer and actress Amparo Muñoz (1954–2011), Miss Universe Spain
Spain
1974, Miss Universe 1974 Jorge Rando
Jorge Rando
(1941–), artist Antonio Banderas
Antonio Banderas
(1960–), actor Miguel Ángel Jiménez
Miguel Ángel Jiménez
(1964–), professional golfer Carlos Álvarez (1966–), baritone Antonio de la Torre (1968–), actor María del Mar Rodríguez Carnero, La Mari (1975–), singer Juan García Postigo (1981–), Mister World 2007 Ana López Rodríguez, Anni B Sweet
Anni B Sweet
(1987–), singer Pablo Alborán
Pablo Alborán
(1989–), singer Joe Atlan
Joe Atlan
(1989–), musician Isco
Isco
Alarcón (1992–), footballer Millie Bobby Brown
Millie Bobby Brown
(2004–), actress Miguel de Miguel (1975–), actor

Twin towns – sister cities See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Spain Málaga
Málaga
is twinned with:[45]

Faro, Portugal[46] Manila, Philippines[47] Melbourne, Australia[45] Mobile, Alabama, United States[45] Passau, Germany[45][48] Popayán, Colombia[45][49] Zacatecas, Mexico[45]

See also

Spain
Spain
portal

Malaga (wine) University of Málaga
University of Málaga
(UMA)

References

^ a b c "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 April 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2016.  ^ Aubet, María Eugenia.The Phoenicians
Phoenicians
and the West: politics, colonies and trade. Cambridge University Press. Archived 23 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b "LaCaixa Bank economic report, 2011 (spanish)". Archived from the original on 20 June 2012.  ^ Leucona, Emilio. «Jornadas de estudio por el 150 aniversario del hallazgo de la Lex Flavia Malacitana». Consulted on 7 April 2008. ^ "Ibn Battuta: Travels in Asia and Africa". Fordham.edu. 21 February 2001. Retrieved 8 April 2011.  ^ de Madariaga, Salvador (1952). La vida del muy magnífico señor Don Cristóbal Colón (in Spanish) (5th ed.). Mexico: Editorial Hermes. p. 222. Málaga, ciudad que acabara de tomar a los moros (18 de agosto)  ^ Blood and Faith: The Purging of Muslim
Muslim
Spain, Matthew Carr, page 7, 2009 ^ Balfour, Sebastian; Preston, Paul (2009). Spain
Spain
and the great powers in the twentieth century. London, UK; New York, USA: Routledge. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-415-18078-8. ^ Antony Beevor, The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War 1936–1939. London: Weidenfield and Nicolson. 2006, ISBN 0-297-84832-1 ^ "Population by sex and age groups" Archived 22 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine. – Eurostat, 2015 ^ "World Map of Köppen−Geiger Climate Classification". Archived from the original on 6 September 2010.  ^ a b " Málaga
Málaga
City – Local Travel Information and City Guide". Malaga.com. Retrieved 8 April 2011.  ^ " Málaga
Málaga
Aeropuerto: Málaga
Málaga
Aeropuerto - Valores extremos absolutos - Selector - Agencia Estatal de Meteorología
Agencia Estatal de Meteorología
- AEMET. Gobierno de España". Aemet.es (in Spanish). 1954-02-04. Retrieved 2017-06-23.  ^ "La gran nevada de 1954". Retrieved 20 June 2012.  ^ a b c "Valores Climatológicos Normales. Málaga
Málaga
/ Aeropuerto".  ^ "Climatological Information for Málaga, Spain" Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. – Hong Kong Observatory ^ " Málaga
Málaga
Climate, Temperature, Average Weather History, Rainfall/ Precipitation, Sunshine". climatetemp.info. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2011.  ^ "Valores extremos. Málaga
Málaga
Aeropuerto". Aemet.es. Retrieved 1 July 2014.  ^ "Highest and lowest means. Málaga
Málaga
Aeropuerto". Aemet.es. Retrieved 20 Jan 2018.  ^ "Málaga, Spain
Spain
- Climate data". Weather Atlas. Retrieved 14 March 2017.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-12.  ^ Dialnet.es, Fanny de Carranza Sell, La alcazaba de Málaga. Historia a través de su imagen, 2011. Archived 10 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine. (In Spanish) ^ "City of museums: Málaga
Málaga
bets on culture to draw tourists and talent". theguardian.com. Retrieved 19 June 2016.  ^ "Malaga City – Museums". andalucia.com. Retrieved 19 June 2016.  ^ " Málaga
Málaga
Population Information". Malaga.com. Retrieved 8 April 2011.  ^ "Districts" (Ayuntamiento de Málaga
Málaga
ed.). Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  ^ " Málaga
Málaga
calls on the doors of the Anglo-saxon business world". Laopiniondemalaga.es. Retrieved 8 April 2011.  ^ Málaga
Málaga
Horizonte 2012[permanent dead link] ^ Empresas en el PTA Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. – Parque Tecnológico de Andalucía ^ " Málaga
Málaga
compite con Dallas y Shanghai en acoger un laboratorio de investigación genética" (in Spanish). 23 September 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.  ^ "Destacados". Anuarieco.lacaixa.comunicacions.com. Archived from the original on 22 February 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2017.  ^ "World Transplant Games Federation 2017 Summer WTG Malaga". World Transplant Games Federation (wtgf.org). Archived from the original on 2016-08-21. Retrieved 2017-04-04.  ^ " Málaga
Málaga
City Information". Malaga.com. Retrieved 8 April 2011.  ^ a b " Málaga
Málaga
Festivals". Malaga.com. Retrieved 8 April 2011.  ^ [1][dead link] ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 April 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015.  ^ "Travelling From Malaga Airport AGP". Dragon Cars. Retrieved 15 June 2013.  ^ "Travelling From Malaga Airport to the City Center". Out of Comfort Zone. Retrieved 17 December 2017.  ^ Memoria 2008, Annual Report, Port of Málaga
Port of Málaga
site ^ "EMT Málaga". Emtmalaga.es. Retrieved 26 March 2013.  ^ es:EMT Málaga ^ "Malaga Area Metropolitan Transport Consortium". Ctmam.es. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 2017-06-23.  ^ Govan, Fiona (2014-07-31). "Better late than never, Malaga inaugurates new metro". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2017-04-04.  ^ "Malaga Public Transportation Statistics". Global Public Transit Index by Moovit. Retrieved June 19, 2017.  Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. ^ a b c d e f "Relaciones Institucionales Internacionales: Ciudades hermanadas" (official website) (in Spanish). Málaga, Spain: Ayuntamiento de Málaga. Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2015.  ^ "Geminações de Cidades e Vilas". Associação Nacional de Municípios Portugueses (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2013-07-20.  ^ "About Manila: Sister Cities". City of Manila. Retrieved 24 November 2016.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 June 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010.  ^ "LISTADO DE HERMANAMIENTOS CON LATINOAMÉRICA" (PDF). Femp.es. Retrieved 2017-06-23. 

Sources

The Alhambra from the Ninth Century to Yusuf I (1354). vol. 1. Saqi Books, 1997. Guia Viva, Andalucia, Anaya Touring Club, April 2001.  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. 

External links

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Málaga
travel guide from Wikivoyage Department of Tourism of Malaga

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Phoenician cities and colonies

Algeria

Cirta Malaca Igigili Hippo Regius Icosium Iol Tipasa Timgad

Cyprus

Kition Dhali Marion

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Italy

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Libya

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Malta

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Mauritania / Morocco

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Israel

Achziv Acre Arsuf Caesarea

Portugal

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Spain

Abdera Abyla Akra Leuke Gadir Herna Ibossim Sa Caleta, Ibiza Mahón Malaca Onoba Qart Hadašt Rusadir Sexi Tyreche

Syria

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Tunisia

Carthage Hadrumetum Hippo Diarrhytus Kelibia Kerkouane Leptis Parva Sicca Thanae Thapsus Utica

Turkey / others

Myriandrus Phoenicus  /  Gibraltar

v t e

Municipalities of the province of Málaga

Alameda Alcaucín Alfarnate Alfarnatejo Algarrobo Algatocín Alhaurín de la Torre Alhaurín el Grande Almáchar Almargen Almogía Álora Alozaina Alpandeire Antequera Árchez Archidona Ardales Arenas Arriate Atajate Benadalid Benahavís Benalauría Benalmádena Benamargosa Benamocarra Benaoján Benarrabá Campillos Canillas de Aceituno Canillas de Albaida Cañete la Real Carratraca Cartajima Cártama Casabermeja Casarabonela Casares Coín Colmenar Comares Cómpeta Cortes de la Frontera Cuevas Bajas Cuevas de San Marcos Cuevas del Becerro Cútar El Borge El Burgo Estepona Faraján Frigiliana Fuengirola Fuente de Piedra Gaucín Genalguacil Guaro Humilladero Igualeja Istán Iznate Jimera de Líbar Jubrique Júzcar Macharaviaya Málaga Manilva Marbella Mijas Moclinejo Mollina Monda Montejaque Nerja Ojén Parauta Periana Pizarra Pujerra Rincón de la Victoria Riogordo Ronda Salares Sayalonga Sedella Sierra de Yeguas Teba Tolox Torremolinos Torrox Totalán Valle de Abdalajís Vélez-Málaga Villanueva de Algaidas Villanueva de la Concepción Villanueva de Tapia Villanueva del Rosario Villanueva del Trabuco Viñuela Yunquera

v t e

Capitals of provinces of Spain

A Coruña Albacete Alicante Almería Ávila Badajoz Barcelona Bilbao Burgos Cáceres Cádiz Castellón de la Plana Ciudad Real Córdoba Cuenca Donostia-San Sebastián Girona Granada Guadalajara Huelva Huesca Jaén Logroño Las Palmas León Lleida Lugo Madrid Málaga Murcia Ourense Oviedo Palencia Palma Pamplona Pontevedra Salamanca Santander Santa Cruz Segovia Seville Soria Tarragona Teruel Toledo Valencia Valladolid Vitoria-Gasteiz Zamora Zaragoza

v t e

European Capitals of Sport

2001 Madrid 2002 Stockholm 2003 Glasgow 2004 Alicante 2005 Rotterdam 2006 Copenhagen 2007 Stuttgart 2008 Warsaw 2009 Milan 2010 Dublin 2011 Valencia 2012 Istanbul 2013 Antwerp 2014 Cardiff 2015 Turin 2016 Prague 2017 Marseille 2018 Sofia 2019 Budapest 2020 Málaga 2021 Lisboa 2022 The Hague

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 154760885 LCCN: n79121

.