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Judith Marjorie Collins (born May 1, 1939) is an American singer and songwriter known for her eclectic tastes in the material she records (which has included folk music, show tunes, pop music, rock and roll and standards) and for her social activism. Collins' debut album A Maid of Constant Sorrow
A Maid of Constant Sorrow
was released in 1961, but it was the lead single from her 1967 album Wildflowers, "Both Sides, Now" — written by Joni Mitchell
Joni Mitchell
— that gave Collins international prominence. The single hit the Top 10 on the Billboard Pop Singles chart[2] and won Collins her first Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Folk Performance.[3] She enjoyed further success with her recordings of "Someday Soon", "Chelsea Morning", "Amazing Grace", and "Cook with Honey". Collins experienced the biggest success of her career with her recording of Stephen Sondheim's "Send in the Clowns" from her best-selling 1975 album Judith. The single charted on the Billboard Pop Singles chart in 1975 and then again in 1977, spending 27 non-consecutive weeks on the chart and earning Collins a Grammy Award nomination for Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female, as well as a Grammy Award for Sondheim for Song of the Year.

Contents

1 Musical career 2 Activism 3 Personal life 4 Awards and recognition 5 Discography 6 Charted singles 7 Filmography 8 Bibliography 9 RIAA certifications 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Musical career[edit] Collins was born the eldest of five siblings in Seattle, Washington, where she spent the first ten years of her life. Her father, a blind singer, pianist and radio show host, took a job in Denver, Colorado, in 1949, and the family moved there. Collins studied classical piano with Antonia
Antonia
Brico, making her public debut at age 13, performing Mozart's Concerto for Two Pianos. Brico took a dim view, both then and later, of Collins' developing interest in folk music, which led her to the difficult decision to discontinue her piano lessons. Years later, after she became known internationally, she invited Brico to one of her concerts in Denver. When they met after the performance, Brico took both of Collins' hands in hers, looked wistfully at her fingers and said, "Little Judy—you really could have gone places." Still later, Collins discovered that Brico herself had made a living when she was younger playing jazz and ragtime piano ( Singing
Singing
Lessons, pp. 71–72). In her early life, Collins had the good fortune of meeting many professional musicians through her father.[4] It was the music of Woody Guthrie
Woody Guthrie
and Pete Seeger
Pete Seeger
and the traditional songs of the folk revival of the early 1960s, however, that kindled Collins' interest and awoke in her a love of lyrics. Three years after her debut as a piano prodigy, she was playing guitar. Her first public appearances as a folk artist after her graduation from Denver's East High School were at Michael's Pub in Boulder, Colorado, and the folk club Exodus in Denver. Her music became popular at the University of Connecticut, where her husband taught. She performed at parties and for the campus radio station along with David Grisman
David Grisman
and Tom Azarian.[5] She eventually made her way to Greenwich Village, New York City, where she played in clubs like Gerde's Folk City until she signed with Elektra Records, a label she was associated with for 35 years. In 1961, Collins released her first album, A Maid of Constant Sorrow, at age 22.[6] At first she sang traditional folk songs or songs written by others – in particular the protest songwriters of the time, such as Tom Paxton, Phil Ochs, and Bob Dylan. She recorded her own versions of important songs from the period, such as Dylan's "Mr. Tambourine Man" and Pete Seeger's "Turn, Turn, Turn". Collins was also instrumental in bringing little-known musicians to a wider public. For example, she recorded songs by Canadian poet Leonard Cohen, who became a close friend over the years. She also recorded songs by singer-songwriters such as Eric Andersen, Fred Neil, Ian Tyson, Joni Mitchell, Randy Newman, Robin Williamson
Robin Williamson
and Richard Fariña long before they gained national acclaim.[7][8] While Collins' first few albums consisted of straightforward guitar-based folk songs, with 1966's In My Life, she began branching out and including work from such diverse sources as the Beatles, Leonard Cohen, Jacques Brel, and Kurt Weill.[8] Mark Abramson produced and Joshua Rifkin
Joshua Rifkin
arranged the album, adding lush orchestration to many of the numbers. The album was a major departure for a folk artist and set the course for Collins' subsequent work over the next decade.[9] With her 1967 album Wildflowers, also produced by Abramson and arranged by Rifkin, Collins began to record her own compositions, beginning with "Since You've Asked". The album also provided Collins with a major hit and a Grammy award
Grammy award
in Mitchell's "Both Sides, Now", which reached Number 8 on the Billboard Hot 100.[10] Two songs ("Who Knows Where The Time Goes" and "Albatross") were featured in the 1968 film "The Subject Was Roses").

Collins performing on The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour, 1968

Collins' 1968 album Who Knows Where the Time Goes was produced by David Anderle, and featured back-up guitar by Stephen Stills
Stephen Stills
(of Crosby, Stills & Nash), with whom she was romantically involved at the time. (She was the inspiration for Stills's CSN classic "Suite: Judy Blue Eyes".) Time Goes had a mellow country sound and included Ian Tyson's "Someday Soon" and the title track, written by the UK singer-songwriter Sandy Denny. The album also featured Collins' composition "My Father" and one of the first covers of Leonard Cohen's "Bird on the Wire".[11] By the 1970s Collins had a solid reputation as an art song singer and folksinger and had begun to stand out for her own compositions. She was also known for her broad range of material: her songs from this period include the traditional Christian hymn "Amazing Grace", the Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Broadway ballad "Send in the Clowns" (both of which were top 20 hits as singles), a recording of Joan Baez's "A Song for David", and her own compositions, such as "Born to the Breed".[12] Collins guest starred on The Muppet Show
The Muppet Show
in an episode broadcast in January 1978,[13] singing "Leather-Winged Bat", "I Know An Old Lady who Swallowed a Fly", "Do Re Mi", and "Send in the Clowns". She also appeared several times on Sesame Street, where she performed "Fishermen's Song" with a chorus of Anything Muppet fishermen, sang a trio with Biff and Sully using the word "yes", and even starred in a modern musical fairy tale skit called "The Sad Princess".[14] She sang the music for the 1983 animated special The Magic of Herself the Elf, as well as the theme song of the Rankin-Bass
Rankin-Bass
TV movie The Wind in the Willows.[15] Collins' 1979 album Hard Times for Lovers gained some extra publicity with the cover sleeve photograph of Collins in the nude. In 1990, Collins released the album Fires of Eden
Fires of Eden
under Columbia Records. The album spawned one single - "Fires of Eden", written by Kit Hain and Mark Goldenberg. The single peaked at #31 on Billboard's Adult Contemporary chart. At the time of its release, Collins performed the song live on several occasions, including on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson and The Joan Rivers Show. A music video promoting the song and featuring Collins was also released.[16] Later, Cher
Cher
recorded "Fires of Eden" for her 1991 album Love Hurts. Other memorable songs from Collins' Fires of Eden
Fires of Eden
include "The Blizzard", "Home Before Dark" and a cover of The Hollies
The Hollies
song - "The Air That I Breathe". Collins first memoir, Trust Your Heart, was published in 1987 and a novel, Shameless, followed in 1995. A second memoir, Sanity and Grace (2003), recounts the death of her son Clark in January 1992. With help from her manager Katherine DePaul she founded Wildflower Records. Though her record sales are not what they once were, she still records and tours in the U.S., Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. She performed at President Bill Clinton's first inauguration in 1993, singing "Amazing Grace" and "Chelsea Morning". (The Clintons have stated that they named their daughter, Chelsea, after Collins' recording of the song.) In 2006, she sang "This Little Light of Mine" in a commercial for Eliot Spitzer.[17] In 2008 she oversaw an album featuring artists ranging from Dolly Parton and Joan Baez
Joan Baez
to Rufus Wainwright
Rufus Wainwright
and Chrissie Hynde
Chrissie Hynde
covering her compositions; she also released a collection of Beatles covers, and she received an honorary doctorate from Pratt Institute
Pratt Institute
on May 18 of that year. In 2010, Collins sang "The Weight of the World" at the Newport Folk Festival, a song by Amy Speace.[18] Collins joined the judging panel for The 7th, 9th, 10th,[19][20] 11th,[21] 12th, 13th and 14th Annual Independent Music Awards, and in doing so, greatly assisted independent musicians' careers. In July 2012, Collins appeared as a guest artist on the Australian SBS television programme RocKwiz.[22] Activism[edit]

Judy Collins
Judy Collins
in performance, 2003

Like many other folk singers of her generation, Collins was drawn to social activism. Her political idealism also led her to compose a ballad entitled "Che" in honor of the 1960s Marxist
Marxist
icon Che Guevara.[23] Collins sympathized with the Yippie
Yippie
movement and was friendly with its leaders, Abbie Hoffman
Abbie Hoffman
and Jerry Rubin. On March 17, 1968, she attended Hoffman's press conference at the Americana Hotel in New York to announce the party's formation. In 1969, she testified in Chicago in support of the Chicago Seven; during her testimony, she began singing Pete Seeger's "Where Have All the Flowers Gone?" and was admonished by prosecutor Tom Foran and judge Julius Hoffman.[24] In the late 1990s, she was a representative for UNICEF
UNICEF
and campaigns on behalf of the abolition of landmines.[25] Personal life[edit] Collins contracted polio at the age of eleven and spent two months in the hospital in isolation.[26] Collins has been married twice. Her first marriage in 1958 to Peter Taylor produced her only child, Clark C. Taylor, born the same year. The marriage ended in divorce in 1965.[27] In 1962, shortly after her debut at Carnegie Hall, Collins was diagnosed with tuberculosis and spent six months recuperating in a sanatorium.[28] Collins was the subject of the Stephen Stills
Stephen Stills
composition Suite: Judy Blue Eyes. Collins later admitted having suffered from bulimia after she quit smoking in the 1970s. "I went straight from the cigarettes into an eating disorder", she told People magazine in 1992. "I started throwing up. I didn't know anything about bulimia, certainly not that it is an addiction or that it would get worse. My feelings about myself, even though I had been able to give up smoking and lose 20 lbs., were of increasing despair." She has written at length of her years of addiction to alcohol, the damage it did to her personal and musical life and how it contributed to her feelings of depression.[29] Collins admits that although she tried other drugs in the 1960s, alcohol had always been her drug of first choice, just as it had been for her father. She entered a rehabilitation program in Pennsylvania in 1978 and has maintained her sobriety ever since, even through such traumatic events as the death of her only child, Clark, who committed suicide in 1992 at age 33 after a long bout with clinical depression and substance abuse. Since his death, she has also become an activist for suicide prevention.[30] In April 1996, she married designer Louis Nelson, whom she had been seeing since 1979. They live in Manhattan
Manhattan
in New York City.[31] Awards and recognition[edit]

Collins in 1968

Collins has received four Grammy Award
Grammy Award
nominations for Best Folk Performance or Folk Recording, one for Best Folk Album
Best Folk Album
and one for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance.

Judy Collins
Judy Collins
#3 (1964)[32] In My Life (1968)[33] Both Sides, Now
Both Sides, Now
(1969) Won[34] Bird on the Wire (1970)[35] Send In The Clowns (1976)[36] Silver Skies Blue
Silver Skies Blue
with Ari Hest
Ari Hest
(2017)[37]

Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
won the 1976 Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Song of the Year based on the popularity of Collins' performance of "Send In The Clowns" on her album Judith. (The song was named "Song of the Year".[38]) Other awards

Collins was nominated with Jill Godmilow for an Academy Award for the documentary Antonia: A Portrait of the Woman (1975), about her classical piano instructor, conductor Antonia
Antonia
Brico.[39] For her activism and musical abilities, the Americana Music Association presented Collins with the "Spirit of Americana"/Free Speech Lifetime Achievement Award at their 2005 Honors & Awards ceremony. Awarded a Honorary Doctor
Honorary Doctor
of Fine Arts Degree from Pratt Institute, May 2009 In 2009, Collins received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards.[40] Collins' rendition of the song "Amazing Grace" was selected for preservation in the National Recording Registry
National Recording Registry
by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or artistically significant" in 2017.[41] Colorado
Colorado
Women's Hall of Fame[42]

Discography[edit] Further information: Judy Collins
Judy Collins
discography Charted singles[edit]

Year Song US US AC AUS Album

1967 "Hard Lovin' Loser" 97 – - In My Life

1968 "Both Sides, Now" 8 3 37 Wildflowers

1969 "Someday Soon" 55 37 – Who Knows Where the Time Goes

"Chelsea Morning" 78 25 – (single only)

"Turn! Turn! Turn!/To Everything There Is A Season" 69 28 – Recollections

1970 "Amazing Grace" 15 5 10 Whales & Nightingales

1971 "Open The Door (Song For Judith)" 90 23 – Living

1973 "Cook With Honey" 32 10 – True Stories and Other Dreams

"Secret Gardens" 122 – – True Stories and Other Dreams

1975 "Send in the Clowns" 36 8 13 Judith

1977 "Send in the Clowns" (re-release) 19 15 – Judith

1979 "Hard Times For Lovers" 66 16 – Hard Times for Lovers

1984 "Home Again" (duet with T. G. Sheppard) – 42 – Home Again

1990 "Fires of Eden" – 31 – Fires of Eden

Filmography[edit]

Baby's Bedtime (1992) Baby's Morningtime (1992) Junior (1994), as the operator of a spa for pregnant women Christmas at the Biltmore Estate (1998) A Town Has Turned to Dust (1998; a telefilm based on a Rod Serling science-fiction story) The Best of Judy Collins
Judy Collins
(1999) Intimate Portrait: Judy Collins
Judy Collins
(2000) Judy Collins
Judy Collins
Live at Wolf Trap (2003) Wildflower Festival (2003) (DVD with guest artists Eric Andersen, Arlo Guthrie, and Tom Rush) Girls (TV, 2013), series 2, episode 8: "It's Back" Danny Says (2016)

Bibliography[edit]

Trust Your Heart (1987) Amazing Grace
Amazing Grace
(1991) Shameless (1995) Singing
Singing
Lessons (1998) Sanity and Grace: A Journey of Suicide, Survival and Strength (2003) The Seven T's: Finding Hope and Healing in the Wake of Tragedy (2007) Sweet Judy Blue Eyes: My Life in Music (2011) ISBN 0-307-71734-8 OCLC 699763852

RIAA certifications[edit]

Album title Certification[43]

In My Life Gold

Wildflowers Gold

Who Knows Where the Time Goes Gold

Whales & Nightingales Gold

Colors of the Day Platinum

Judith Platinum

See also[edit]

List of peace activists

References[edit]

^ William Ruhlmann " Judy Collins
Judy Collins
- Discography" "AllMusic.com" Retrieved Oct. 30, 2017. ^ " Judy Collins
Judy Collins
– Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved 2015-07-30.  ^ "Bio Synopsis". Biograsphy.com. Retrieved 2015-07-31.  ^ Malkoski, Paul A. (2012). The Denver
Denver
Folk Music Tradition: An Unplugged History, from Harry Tuft to Swallow Hill and Beyond. The History Press. p. 52. ISBN 1609495322.  ^ Time "Striking a Chord" Accessed April 12, 2008[permanent dead link] ^ "Reviews of new albums". Billboard. November 27, 1961. p. 28.  ^ Simmons, Sylvie (2012). I'm Your Man: The Life of Leonard Cohen. McClelland & Stewart. ISBN 0771080409.  ^ a b Courrier, Kevin (2005). Randy Newman: American Dreams. ECW Press. pp. 65–66. ISBN 1550226908.  ^ In My Life review at AllMusic. Retrieved March 16, 2013. ^ "Judy Collins". Billboard. Retrieved 2013-03-16.  ^ " Judy Collins
Judy Collins
Concert: Has Fans Gentle on Her Mind". Billboard. May 24, 1969. p. 22.  ^ Santosuosso, Ernie (May 11, 1975). "Judy Collins' flight of fancy". Boston Globe.  ^ Garlen, Jennifer C.; Graham, Anissa M. (2009). Kermit Culture: Critical Perspectives on Jim Henson's Muppets. McFarland & Company. p. 218. ISBN 078644259X.  ^ Ann, Lolordo (August 13, 1977). " Judy Collins
Judy Collins
changing styles". Lodi News-Sentinel.  ^ Woolery, George W. (1989). Animated TV Specials. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810821982.  ^ Judy Collins
Judy Collins
- Fires of Eden
Fires of Eden
(music video) on Dailymotion: http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x6c2f5 ^ Clark, Eric (October 12, 2008). "After spinning others' songs into gold, Judy Collins
Judy Collins
gets tribute album of her own works". Gazette, The (Cedar Rapids-Iowa City, IA).  ^ " Amy Speace
Amy Speace
on Mountain Stage". NPR Music. August 12, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-26. Judy Collins, who chose Speace as the first artist on her Wildflower label, has been singing her song "The Weight of the World" at prominent venues of late, including the 50th anniversary of the Newport Folk Festival
Newport Folk Festival
and the Isle of Wight.  ^ "Independent Music Awards". Independent Music Awards. September 23, 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-13.  ^ "Top40-Charts.com". Top40-Charts.com. Retrieved 2010-10-13.  ^ "11th Annual IMA Judges. Independent Music Awards. Retrieved on September 4, 2013. ^ Blundell, Graeme. "Bang a gong as Rockwiz turns 10". The Australian. Retrieved March 16, 2013.  ^ Collins doesn't rest on laurels but looks for songs' surprises Archived June 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. by John Soeder, Cleveland Plain Dealer, June 26, 2009 ^ "Testimony of Judy Collins
Judy Collins
in the Chicago Seven
Chicago Seven
Trial". Law.umkc.edu. August 19, 1968. Archived from the original on June 19, 2010. Retrieved September 8, 2010.  ^ Brozan, Nadine (July 9, 1996). "Chronicle". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-01. Roos, John (January 26, 1996). "Taking a Novel Approach; A Grieving Judy Collins
Judy Collins
Finds Writing a Book Helps the Healing Process". Los Angeles Times. p. 30. Retrieved 2008-08-01.  ^ Interview by Wendy Schuman (February 17, 2011). " Judy Collins
Judy Collins
tells Beliefnet how she used meditation and prayer to cope with illness and her son's suicide". Beliefnet.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16.  ^ "Biography for Judy Collins". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2009-02-24.  ^ Judy Collins
Judy Collins
(October 1998). Singing
Singing
lessons: a memoir of love, loss, hope, and healing. Simon and Schuster. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-671-00397-5. Retrieved November 16, 2010.  ^ Judy Collins
Judy Collins
(October 1998). Singing
Singing
lessons: a memoir of love, loss, hope, and healing. Simon and Schuster. pp. 172–190, 238–240. ISBN 978-0-671-00397-5. Retrieved November 16, 2010.  ^ Hellmich, Nanci (June 18, 2007). "Son's suicide prodded Collins to write". USA Today. Retrieved November 25, 2013.  ^ Brady, Louis Smith (April 21, 1996). "Weddings: Vows; Judy Collins, Louis Nelson". The New York Times. Retrieved February 24, 2009.  ^ " Grammy Award
Grammy Award
Nominees 1964 – Grammy Award
Grammy Award
Winners 1964". Awardsandshows.com. May 12, 1964. Retrieved July 30, 2015.  ^ " Grammy Award
Grammy Award
Nominees 1968 – Grammy Award
Grammy Award
Winners 1968". Awardsandshows.com. February 29, 1968. Retrieved July 30, 2015.  ^ "Grammy Awards Nominees 1969 – Grammy Award
Grammy Award
Winners 1969". Awardsandshows.com. March 12, 1969. Retrieved July 30, 2015.  ^ " Grammy Award
Grammy Award
Ceremony 1970 – Grammy Award
Grammy Award
Winners 1970". Awardsandshows.com. March 11, 1979. Retrieved July 30, 2015.  ^ " Grammy Award
Grammy Award
Nominees 1976 – Grammy Award
Grammy Award
Winners 1976". Awardsandshows.com. February 28, 1976. Retrieved July 30, 2015.  ^ Barker, Andrew (February 8, 2017). " Judy Collins
Judy Collins
Talks Her First Grammy Nomination in 40 Years: 'I've Been Working All This Time'". Variety.com. Retrieved October 27, 2017.  ^ "Send in the Collins". Times Press Recorder. Retrieved March 16, 2013.  ^ "Judy Collins : Awards". IMDb.com. Retrieved July 31, 2015.  ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2009/02_february/03/folk.shtml ^ " National Recording Registry
National Recording Registry
Picks Are "Over the Rainbow"". Library of Congress. March 29, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2016.  ^ "Collins Archives - Colorado
Colorado
Women's Hall of Fame". Colorado
Colorado
Women's Hall of Fame. Retrieved October 27, 2017.  ^ "American album certifications – Judy Collins". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Judy Collins.

Official website

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Wildflower Records Audio interview with Judy Collins Audio interview, Minnesota Public Radio 7 April 2009 Judy Collins
Judy Collins
on IMDb "Basking in the Afterglow of a Tribute Album" by John Soeder, Cleveland Plain Dealer, June 24, 2009 Judy Collins
Judy Collins
profile (#549)

Awards

Preceded by Steve Earle First Amendment Center/AMA "Spirit of Americana" Free Speech Award 2005 Succeeded by Charlie Daniels

v t e

Judy Collins

Studio albums

A Maid of Constant Sorrow
A Maid of Constant Sorrow
(1961) Golden Apples of the Sun (1962) Judy Collins
Judy Collins
#3 (1963) The Judy Collins Concert
The Judy Collins Concert
(1964) Judy Collins' Fifth Album
Fifth Album
(1965) In My Life (1966) Wildflowers (1967) Who Knows Where the Time Goes (1968) Whales & Nightingales (1970) Living (1971) (Live) True Stories and Other Dreams
True Stories and Other Dreams
(1973) Judith (1975) Bread and Roses (1976) Hard Times for Lovers (1979) Running for My Life (1980) Times of Our Lives (1982) Home Again (1984) Judy Collins
Judy Collins
Sings Leonard Cohen: Democracy (2004) Portrait of an American Girl (2005) Judy Collins Sings Lennon and McCartney
Judy Collins Sings Lennon and McCartney
(2007) Silver Skies Blue
Silver Skies Blue
with Ari Hest
Ari Hest
(2016) Everybody Knows with Stephen Stills
Stephen Stills
(2017)

Singles

"Both Sides, Now" "Someday Soon" "Chelsea Morning"

Related

Discography Born to the Breed: A Tribute to Judy Collins Stephen Stills

v t e

Colorado
Colorado
Women's Hall of Fame

1980–1989

1985

Archuleta, LenaLena Archuleta Bird, IsabellaIsabella Bird Bonfils, HelenHelen Bonfils Brown, MollyMolly Brown Chipeta Chase, Mary CoyleMary Coyle Chase Eisenhower, MamieMamie Eisenhower Ford, JustinaJustina Ford Griffith, EmilyEmily Griffith Jackson, Helen HuntHelen Hunt Jackson Lamm, DottieDottie Lamm Maxwell, MarthaMartha Maxwell Meir, GoldaGolda Meir Owl Woman Rippon, MaryMary Rippon Sabin, FlorenceFlorence Sabin Schmoll, HazelHazel Schmoll Schroeder, PatPat Schroeder Stanton, May BonfilsMay Bonfils Stanton Steinbeck, AnneAnne Steinbeck Stockton, RuthRuth Stockton Tabor, Baby DoeBaby Doe Tabor Wormington-Volk, MarieMarie Wormington-Volk Yancey, JeanJean Yancey

1986

Brico, Antonia Antonia
Antonia
Brico Peterson, Helen WhiteHelen White Peterson Roche, JosephineJosephine Roche Smith, Eudochia BellEudochia Bell Smith

1987

Goldberg, MiriamMiriam Goldberg Jacobs, Frances WisebartFrances Wisebart Jacobs Lathrop, Mary FlorenceMary Florence Lathrop Walker, Lenore E.Lenore E. Walker

1988

Churchill, CarolineCaroline Churchill Crain, OletaOleta Crain Orullian, LaRaeLaRae Orullian Stone, Elizabeth Hickok RobbinsElizabeth Hickok Robbins Stone

1989

Brown, ClaraClara Brown Fallis, Edwina HumeEdwina Hume Fallis Hennessy, SumikoSumiko Hennessy Robinson, Cleo ParkerCleo Parker Robinson

1990–1999

1990

Bancroft, CarolineCaroline Bancroft Cantwell, Hendrika B.Hendrika B. Cantwell Platt-Decker, SarahSarah Platt-Decker Ries, Jane SilversteinJane Silverstein Ries

1991

Black, Helen MarieHelen Marie Black Fiore, GenevieveGenevieve Fiore Tabor, AugustaAugusta Tabor Webb, WilmaWilma Webb

1996

Van Derbur, MarilynMarilyn Van Derbur Birkland, JoanJoan Birkland Boulding, Elise M.Elise M. Boulding Crawford, Dana HudkinsDana Hudkins Crawford Curry, Margaret L.Margaret L. Curry Finkel, Terri H.Terri H. Finkel Gilfoyle, Elnora M.Elnora M. Gilfoyle Long, Mary Hauck ElitchMary Hauck Elitch Long McConnell-Mills, FrancesFrances McConnell-Mills Noel, Rachel BassetteRachel Bassette Noel Walter, Mildred PittsMildred Pitts Walter

1997

Anderson, SusanSusan Anderson Archuleta, EppieEppie Archuleta Barry, CealCeal Barry Bourdas, JuanaJuana Bourdas Hunt, SwaneeSwanee Hunt Muse, ReyneldaReynelda Muse Tobin, Mary LukeMary Luke Tobin

2000–2009

2000

Baca, PollyPolly Baca Burns, JoyJoy Burns Heath, JosieJosie Heath Lincoln, J. VirginiaJ. Virginia Lincoln Robinson, Pauline ShortPauline Short Robinson Urioste, Martha M.Martha M. Urioste Weinshienk, ZitaZita Weinshienk Alvarado, LindaLinda Alvarado Fraser, VirginiaVirginia Fraser

2002

Gaskill, GudyGudy Gaskill Joselyn, Jo Ann CramJo Ann Cram Joselyn Miller, MaryMary Miller Miller, SueSue Miller Tanner, GloriaGloria Tanner Warner, Emily HowellEmily Howell Warner

2004

Anna Lee AldredAnna Lee Aldred Boyd, Louie CroftLouie Croft Boyd Chambers, MerleMerle Chambers Gabow, PatriciaPatricia Gabow LaNier, CarlottaCarlotta LaNier Perry, AntoinetteAntoinette Perry Perry, CharlotteCharlotte Perry and Mansfield, PortiaPortia Mansfield Taylor, Arie ParksArie Parks Taylor

2006

Allen, StephanieStephanie Allen Collins, JudyJudy Collins Downs, MarionMarion Downs Estés, Clarissa PinkolaClarissa Pinkola Estés Hirschfeld, ArleneArlene Hirschfeld Jones, JeanJean Jones Lorber, FannieFannie Lorber Solomon, SusanSusan Solomon Spencer, CarolineCaroline Spencer Spitz, VivienVivien Spitz

2008

Anschutz-Rodgers, SueSue Anschutz-Rodgers Alicia Cuarón, AliciaAlicia Alicia Cuarón Dennis, EvieEvie Dennis Dubofsky, JeanJean Dubofsky Makepeace, Mary LouMary Lou Makepeace Nie, LilyLily Nie Petteys, AnnaAnna Petteys Routt, ElizaEliza Routt Woltman, RheaRhea Woltman Zaharias, Mildred DidriksonMildred Didrikson Zaharias

2010–2019

2010

Albright, MadeleineMadeleine Albright Greenberg, ElinorElinor Greenberg Guajardo, MariaMaria Guajardo Marrack, PhilippaPhilippa Marrack Martinez, RamonaRamona Martinez McDaniel, HattieHattie McDaniel O'Brien, SusanSusan O'Brien Scott, Bartley MarieBartley Marie Scott Taylor, Alice BemisAlice Bemis Taylor Tietjen, JillJill Tietjen

2012

Anseth, Kristi S.Kristi S. Anseth Bonnema, JanetJanet Bonnema Duncan, Fannie MaeFannie Mae Duncan Ford, Loretta C.Loretta C. Ford Gallegos, Erinea GarciaErinea Garcia Gallegos Gilpin, LauraLaura Gilpin Grandin, TempleTemple Grandin Hsu, Ding-WenDing-Wen Hsu Kerwin, Mary AnnMary Ann Kerwin Mullarkey, Mary J.Mary J. Mullarkey

2014

Julia Archibald Holmes Elizabeth Wright Ingraham Christine Arguello Lauren Young Casteel Penny Hamilton Kristina Johnson Diana Wall Joanne M. Maguire Morley Cowles Ballantine Helen Ring Robinson

2015

Anne Evans Minnie Harding Laura Ann Hershey Elizabeth Pellet

2016

Anna Jo Haynes Arlene Vigil Kramer Lydia Peña Sandra I. Rothenberg Shari Shink Judith B. Wagner

v t e

Chicago Seven

Defendants

Rennie Davis David Dellinger John Froines Tom Hayden Abbie Hoffman Jerry Rubin Bobby Seale Lee Weiner

Lawyers/Judge

William Kunstler Leonard Weinglass Julius Hoffman (Judge) Tom Foran Richard Schultz

Supporters

Stew Albert Noam Chomsky Judy Collins Bernardine Dohrn Allen Ginsberg Anita Hoffman Paul Krassner Timothy Leary Norman Mailer Country Joe McDonald Graham Nash Phil Ochs Pigasus Ed Sanders

Context

Youth International Party
Youth International Party
(Yippies) 1968 Democratic National Convention protests

"The whole world is watching"

Counterculture of the 1960s National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam Mayor Richard J. Daley Vietnam War

Opposition

Miami and the Siege of Chicago (1968 book) Weather Underground

Media

"Chicago" (1970 song) Steal This Movie! (2000 film) Chicago 10 (2007 film) William Kunstler: Disturbing the Universe (2009 documentary) The Chicago 8
The Chicago 8
(2010 film)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 35254302 LCCN: n81100647 ISNI: 0000 0001 0964 2382 GND: 118871579 SUDOC: 154928976 BNF: cb13932923c (data) MusicBrainz: 06f9c474-0547-40fc-be3d-1ae6ce38abd7 NKC: xx0105

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