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The Info List - January 1





January
January
1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day
New Year's Day
since the day marks the beginning of the year.

Contents

1 History 2 Events 3 Births 4 Deaths 5 Holidays and observances 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] During the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
under the influence of the Catholic Church, many countries in western Europe moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian
Christian
festivals – December
December
25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March
March
1, March
March
25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September
September
1 from about 988.[citation needed] In England, January
January
1 was celebrated as the New Year
New Year
festival, but from the 12th century to 1752
1752
the year in England began on March
March
25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record notes the execution of Charles I as occurring on January
January
30, 1648, (as the year did not end until March
March
24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January
January
1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649. Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January
January
1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland
Scotland
changed the start of the Scottish New Year
New Year
to January
January
1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January
January
1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750. January
January
1 became the official start of the year as follows:

1362 Grand Duchy of Lithuania 1522
1522
Republic of Venice 1544
1544
Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
(Germany) 1556
1556
Spain, Portugal 1559
1559
Prussia, Sweden 1564
1564
France 1576
1576
Southern Netherlands 1579
1579
Duchy of Lorraine 1583
1583
Northern Netherlands 1600
1600
Scotland 1700
1700
Russia 1721
1721
Tuscany 1752
1752
Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies

Events[edit]

153 BC – Roman consuls begin their year in office. 45 BC – The Julian calendar
Julian calendar
takes effect as the civil calendar of the Roman Empire, establishing January
January
1 as the new date of the new year. 42 BC
42 BC
– The Roman Senate
Roman Senate
posthumously deifies Julius Caesar. AD 1
AD 1
– Circumcision of Jesus
Jesus
Christ. The name Jesus
Jesus
was chosen at that day. According to what Joseph got in his dream. AD 69 – The Roman legions in Germania Superior
Germania Superior
refuse to swear loyalty to Galba. They rebel and proclaim Vitellius
Vitellius
as emperor. 193
193
– The Senate chooses Pertinax
Pertinax
against his will to succeed Commodus
Commodus
as Roman emperor. 404
404
– Telemachus, a Christian
Christian
monk, is killed for attempting to stop a gladiators' fight in the public arena held in Rome. 417
417
Emperor Honorius
Emperor Honorius
forces Galla Placidia
Galla Placidia
into marriage to Constantius, his famous general (magister militum). 1001
1001
– Grand Prince Stephen I of Hungary
Stephen I of Hungary
is named the first King of Hungary by Pope Sylvester II. 1068 Romanos IV Diogenes
Romanos IV Diogenes
marries Eudokia Makrembolitissa
Eudokia Makrembolitissa
and is crowned Byzantine Emperor. 1259
1259
Michael VIII Palaiologos
Michael VIII Palaiologos
is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea
Empire of Nicaea
with his ward John IV Laskaris. 1438
1438
– Albert II of Habsburg is crowned King of Hungary. 1502
1502
– The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil is first explored by the Portuguese. 1515
1515
– King Francis I of France
Francis I of France
succeeds to the French throne. 1527
1527
– Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria
Austria
as King of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin. 1600
1600
Scotland
Scotland
begins its numbered year on January
January
1 instead of March
March
25. 1651
1651
– Charles II is crowned King of Scotland. 1700
1700
Russia
Russia
begins using the Anno Domini
Anno Domini
era instead of the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire. 1707
1707
– John V is crowned King of Portugal and the Algarves
Algarves
in Lisbon. 1739
1739
– Bouvet Island, the world's remotest island is discovered by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier. 1772 – The first traveler's cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, is issued by the London Credit Exchange Company. 1773
1773
– The hymn that became known as "Amazing Grace", then titled "1 Chronicles 17:16–17" is first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney, Buckinghamshire, England. 1776
1776
– American Revolutionary War: Norfolk, Virginia
Norfolk, Virginia
is burned by combined Royal Navy
Royal Navy
and Continental Army
Continental Army
action. 1781
1781
– American Revolutionary War: One thousand five hundred soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey
Morristown, New Jersey
in the Pennsylvania Line Mutiny
Pennsylvania Line Mutiny
of 1781. 1788
1788
– First edition of The Times
The Times
of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published. 1801
1801
– The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
and Kingdom of Ireland is completed to form the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Ireland. 1801
1801
– Ceres, the largest and first known object in the Asteroid belt, is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi. 1803
1803
– Emperor Gia Long
Gia Long
orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam. 1804
1804
– French rule ends in Haiti. Haiti
Haiti
becomes the first black republic and second independent country in North America after the United States 1806
1806
– The French Republican Calendar
French Republican Calendar
is abolished. 1808
1808
– The United States
United States
bans the importation of slaves. 1810
1810
– Major-General Lachlan Macquarie
Lachlan Macquarie
officially becomes Governor of New South Wales. 1812
1812
– The Bishop of Durham, Shute Barrington, orders troops from Durham Castle to break up a miners' strike in Chester-le-Street, Co. Durham 1822
1822
– The Greek Constitution of 1822
1822
is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus. 1833
1833
– The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. 1847
1847
– The world's first "Mercy" Hospital is founded in Pittsburgh by the Sisters of Mercy; the name will go on to grace over 30 major hospitals throughout the world. 1860
1860
– First Polish stamp is issued. 1861
1861
Porfirio Díaz
Porfirio Díaz
conquers Mexico City, Mexico. 1863
1863
– American Civil War: The Emancipation Proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation
takes effect in Confederate territory. 1877
1877
Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is proclaimed Empress of India. 1881
1881
Ferdinand de Lesseps
Ferdinand de Lesseps
begins French construction of the Panama Canal. 1885
1885
– Twenty-five nations adopt Sandford Fleming's proposal for standard time (and also, time zones) 1890
1890
Eritrea
Eritrea
is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government. 1892
1892
Ellis Island
Ellis Island
opens to begin processing immigrants into the United States. 1898
1898
– New York, New York annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The four initial boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx, are joined on January
January
25 by Staten Island
Staten Island
to create the modern city of five boroughs. 1899
1899
– Spanish rule ends in Cuba. 1901
1901
Nigeria
Nigeria
becomes a British protectorate. 1901
1901
– The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, and Western Australia
Western Australia
federate as the Commonwealth of Australia; Edmund Barton
Edmund Barton
is appointed the first Prime Minister. 1902
1902
– The first American college football bowl game, the Rose Bowl between Michigan and Stanford, is held in Pasadena, California. 1908
1908
– For the first time, a ball is dropped in New York City's Times Square
Times Square
to signify the start of the New Year
New Year
at midnight. 1910
1910
– Captain David Beatty is promoted to Rear admiral, and becomes the youngest admiral in the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
(except for Royal family members), since Horatio Nelson. 1912
1912
– The Republic of China is established. 1914
1914
– The SPT Airboat Line becomes the world's first scheduled airline to use a winged aircraft. 1920
1920
– The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party. 1923
1923
– Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMS. 1927
1927
– The Cristero War
Cristero War
begins in Mexico. 1928
1928
Boris Bazhanov
Boris Bazhanov
defects through Iran. He is the only assistant of Joseph Stalin's secretariat to have defected from the Eastern Bloc. 1929
1929
– The former municipalities of Point Grey, British Columbia and South Vancouver, British Columbia are amalgamated into Vancouver. 1932
1932
– The United States
United States
Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth. 1934
1934
Alcatraz Island
Alcatraz Island
becomes a United States
United States
federal prison. 1934
1934
Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring". 1937
1937
– Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in the United Kingdom. 1942
1942
– The Declaration by United Nations
Declaration by United Nations
is signed by twenty-six nations. 1945
1945
– World War II: In retaliation for the Malmedy massacre, U.S. troops kill 60 German POWs at Chenogne. 1945
1945
– World War II: The German Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
launches Operation Bodenplatte, a massive, but failed attempt to knock out Allied air power in northern Europe in a single blow. 1947
1947
– Cold War: The American and British occupation zones in Germany, after World War II, merge to form the Bizone, which later (with the French zone) became part of West Germany. 1947
1947
– The Canadian Citizenship Act 1946
Canadian Citizenship Act 1946
comes into effect, converting British subjects into Canadian citizens. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King
William Lyon Mackenzie King
becomes the first Canadian citizen. 1948
1948
– The British railway network is nationalized to form British Railways. 1949
1949
United Nations
United Nations
cease-fire takes effect in Kashmir
Kashmir
from one minute before midnight. War between India and Pakistan
Pakistan
stops accordingly. 1950
1950
– Standard practice uses this day as the origin of the age scale Before Present 1956
1956
Sudan
Sudan
achieves independence from Egypt
Egypt
and the United Kingdom. 1957
1957
George Town, Penang
George Town, Penang
becomes a city by a royal charter granted by Elizabeth II. 1958
1958
European Economic Community
European Economic Community
established on this day. 1959
1959
– Cuban Revolution: Fulgencio Batista, dictator of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro's forces. 1960
1960
Cameroon
Cameroon
achieves independence from France and the United Kingdom. 1962
1962
Western Samoa
Western Samoa
achieves independence from New Zealand; its name is changed to the Independent State of Western Samoa. 1964
1964
– The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
is divided into the independent republics of Zambia
Zambia
and Malawi, and the British-controlled Rhodesia. 1965
1965
– The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan
People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan
is founded in Kabul, Afghanistan. 1971
1971
Cigarette
Cigarette
advertisements are banned on American television. 1973
1973
– Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
are admitted into the European Economic Community. 1978
1978
Air India Flight 855
Air India Flight 855
Boeing 747
Boeing 747
crashes into the sea, due to instrument failure and pilot disorientation, off the coast of Bombay, India, killing 213. 1979
1979
– Formal diplomatic relations are established between China and the United States. 1981
1981
Greece
Greece
is admitted into the European Community. 1982
1982
– Peruvian Javier Pérez de Cuéllar
Javier Pérez de Cuéllar
becomes the first Latin American to hold the title of Secretary-General of the United Nations. 1983
1983
– The ARPANET
ARPANET
officially changes to using the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet. 1984
1984
– The original American Telephone & Telegraph Company is divested of its 22 Bell System companies as a result of the settlement of the 1974
1974
United States Department of Justice
United States Department of Justice
antitrust suit against AT&T. 1984
1984
Brunei
Brunei
becomes independent of the United Kingdom. 1985
1985
– The first British mobile phone call is made by Michael Harrison to his father Sir Ernest Harrison, chairman of Vodafone. 1986
1986
Aruba
Aruba
becomes independent of Curaçao, though it remains in free association with the Netherlands. 1988
1988
– The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
comes into existence, creating the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States. 1989
1989
– The Montreal Protocol
Montreal Protocol
comes into force, stopping the use of chemicals contributing to ozone depletion. 1990
1990
– Rowan Atkinson's Mr. Bean
Mr. Bean
debuts on Thames Television. 1990
1990
David Dinkins
David Dinkins
is sworn in as New York City's first black mayor. 1993
1993
– Dissolution of Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
is divided into the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
and Slovak Republic. 1994
1994
– The Zapatista Army of National Liberation
Zapatista Army of National Liberation
initiates twelve days of armed conflict in the Mexican state of Chiapas. 1994
1994
– The North American Free Trade Agreement
North American Free Trade Agreement
(NAFTA) comes into effect. 1995
1995
– The World Trade Organization
World Trade Organization
goes into effect. 1995
1995
– The Draupner wave
Draupner wave
in the North Sea
North Sea
in Norway is detected, confirming the existence of freak waves. 1995
1995
– Austria, Finland
Finland
and Sweden
Sweden
join the EU. 1996
1996
Curaçao
Curaçao
gains limited self-government, though it remains within free association with the Netherlands. 1998
1998
Russia
Russia
begins to circulate new rubles to stem inflation and promote confidence. 1999
1999
Euro
Euro
currency is introduced in 11 member nations of the European Union
European Union
(with the exceptions of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Greece
Greece
and Sweden; Greece
Greece
later adopts the euro). 2002
2002
Euro
Euro
currency becomes legal tender in twelve of the European Union's member states. 2004
2004
– In a vote of confidence, General Pervez Musharraf
Pervez Musharraf
wins 658 out of 1,170 votes in the Electoral College of Pakistan, and according to Article 41(8) of the Constitution of Pakistan, is "deemed to be elected" to the office of President until October
October
2007. 2007
2007
Bulgaria
Bulgaria
and Romania
Romania
join the EU. 2007
2007
Adam Air Flight 574
Adam Air Flight 574
disappears over Sulawesi Strait, Indonesia
Indonesia
with 102 people on board. 2009
2009
– Sixty-six people die in a nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand. 2010
2010
– A suicide car bomber detonates at a volleyball tournament in Lakki Marwat, Pakistan, killing 105 and injuring 100 more. 2011
2011
– A bomb explodes as Coptic Christians in Alexandria, Egypt, leave a new year service, killing 23 people. 2011
2011
Estonia
Estonia
officially adopts the Euro
Euro
currency and becomes the 17th Eurozone
Eurozone
country. 2013
2013
– At least 60 people are killed and 200 injured in a stampede after celebrations at Félix Houphouët-Boigny Stadium in Abidjan, Ivory Coast. 2015
2015
– The Eurasian Economic Union
Eurasian Economic Union
comes into effect, creating a political and economic union between Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. 2016
2016
The Address Downtown Dubai
The Address Downtown Dubai
burns over midnight as the New Year is rung in. The blaze started on the night of New Year's Eve 2015, by currently unknown causes. There was one fatality. 2017
2017
– An attack on a nightclub in Istanbul, Turkey, during New Year's celebrations, kills at least 39 people and injures more than 60 others.

Births[edit]

377
377
– Arcadius, Byzantine emperor (d. 408) 1431 Pope Alexander VI
Pope Alexander VI
(d. 1503) 1449 – Lorenzo de' Medici, Italian politician (d. 1492) 1453
1453
– Bernardin Frankopan, Croatian nobleman, diplomat and soldier (d. 1529) 1465
1465
– Lachlan Cattanach Maclean, 11th Chief, Scottish clan chief (d. 1523) 1467
1467
– Sigismund I the Old, Polish king (d. 1548) 1470
1470
Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
(d. 1543) 1484
1484
– Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss pastor and theologian (d. 1531) 1500
1500
– Solomon Molcho, Portuguese mystic (d. 1532) 1509
1509
– Guillaume Le Testu, French privateer (d. 1573) 1515
1515
– Johann Weyer, Dutch physician (d. 1588) 1516
1516
– Margaret Leijonhufvud, queen of Gustav I of Sweden
Sweden
(d. 1551) 1526
1526
– Louis Bertrand, Spanish missionary to Latin America, patron saint of Colombia
Colombia
(d. 1581) 1530
1530
– Thomas Bromley, English lord chancellor (d. 1587) 1545
1545
– Magnus Heinason, Faroese naval hero (d. 1589) 1548
1548
– Giordano Bruno, Italian mathematician, friar, philosopher, poet, and cosmological theorist (d. 1600) 1557
1557
– Stephen Bocskay, Prince of Transylvania (d. 1606) 1560
1560
– Hugh Myddelton, Welsh businessman (d. 1631) 1561
1561
– Thomas Walsingham, English spymaster (d. 1630) 1579
1579
– Jacob Dircksz de Graeff, Dutch mayor (d. 1638) 1584
1584
– Charles de Lorme, French physician (d. 1678) 1586
1586
– Pau Claris i Casademunt, Catalan ecclesiastic (d. 1641) 1600
1600
– Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian and academic (d. 1649) 1628
1628
– Christoph Bernhard, German composer and theorist (d. 1692) 1638
1638
Emperor Go-Sai
Emperor Go-Sai
of Japan
Japan
(d. 1685) 1638
1638
– Nicolas Steno, Danish pioneer in anatomy and geology, bishop (d. 1686) 1650
1650
– George Rooke, Royal Navy
Royal Navy
admiral (d. 1709) 1655
1655
Christian
Christian
Thomasius, German jurist and philosopher (d. 1728) 1684
1684
– Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch scholar and author (d. 1748) 1704
1704
– Soame Jenyns, English author, poet, and politician (d. 1787) 1711
1711
– Baron Franz von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749) 1714
1714
– Giovanni Battista Mancini, Italian soprano and author (d. 1800) 1714
1714
– Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian pastor and poet (d. 1780) 1735
1735
– Paul Revere, American silversmith and engraver (d. 1818) 1745
1745
– Anthony Wayne, American general and politician (d. 1796) 1750
1750
– Frederick Muhlenberg, American minister and politician, 1st Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
(d. 1801) 1752
1752
– Betsy Ross, American seamstress, credited with designing the Flag of the United States
Flag of the United States
(d. 1836) 1768
1768
– Maria Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish author (d. 1849) 1769
1769
– Jane Marcet, British science writer (d. 1858) 1769
1769
– Marie-Louise Lachapelle, French obstetrician (d. 1821) 1774
1774
– André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist and academic (d. 1860) 1779
1779
– William Clowes, English publisher (d. 1847) 1803
1803
– Edward Dickinson, American politician and father of poet Emily Dickinson
Emily Dickinson
(d. 1874) 1803
1803
– Guglielmo Libri Carucci dalla Sommaja, Italian mathematician and academic (d. 1869) 1806
1806
– Lionel Kieseritzky, Estonian-French chess player (d. 1853) 1809
1809
– Achille Guenée, French lawyer and entomologist (d. 1880) 1813
1813
– George Bliss, American politician (d. 1868) 1814
1814
– Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebellion leader and king (d. 1864) 1818
1818
– William Gamble, American general (d. 1866) 1819
1819
– Arthur Hugh Clough, English-Italian poet and academic (d. 1861) 1819
1819
– George Foster Shepley, American general (d. 1878) 1823
1823
– Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and activist (d. 1849) 1833
1833
– Robert Lawson, Scottish-New Zealand architect, designed the Otago Boys' High School
Otago Boys' High School
and Knox Church (d. 1902) 1834
1834
– Ludovic Halévy, French author and playwright (d. 1908) 1839
1839
– Ouida, English-Italian author and activist (d. 1908) 1848
1848
– John W. Goff, Irish-American lawyer and politician (d. 1924) 1852
1852
– Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist and academic (d. 1904) 1854
1854
– James George Frazer, Scottish anthropologist and academic (d. 1941) 1854
1854
– Thomas Waddell, Irish-Australian politician, 15th Premier of New South Wales
New South Wales
(d. 1940) 1857
1857
– Tim Keefe, American baseball player (d. 1933) 1859
1859
– Michael Joseph Owens, American inventor (d. 1923) 1859
1859
– Thibaw Min, Burmese king (d. 1916) 1860
1860
– Dan Katchongva, American tribal leader and activist (d. 1972) 1860
1860
– Jan Vilímek, Czech illustrator and painter (d. 1938) 1860
1860
– John Cassidy, Irish sculptor and painter (d. 1939) 1860
1860
– Michele Lega, Italian cardinal (d. 1935) 1863
1863
– Pierre de Coubertin, French historian and educator, founded the International Olympic Committee
International Olympic Committee
(d. 1937) 1864
1864
– Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer and curator (d. 1946) 1864
1864
– Qi Baishi, Chinese painter (d. 1957) 1867
1867
– Mary Ackworth Evershed, English astronomer and scholar (d. 1949) 1871
1871
– Montagu Toller, English cricketer and lawyer (d. 1948) 1874
1874
– Frank Knox, American publisher and politician, 46th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1944) 1874
1874
– Gustave Whitehead, German-American pilot and engineer (d. 1927) 1877
1877
– Alexander von Staël-Holstein, German sinologist and orientalist (d. 1937) 1878
1878
– Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish mathematician, statistician, and engineer (d. 1929) 1879
1879
– E. M. Forster, English author and playwright (d. 1970) 1879
1879
– William Fox, Hungarian-American screenwriter and producer, founded the Fox Film Corporation
Fox Film Corporation
and Fox Theatres
Fox Theatres
(d. 1952) 1883
1883
– Mary Forbes, English actress (d. 1974) 1883
1883
– William J. Donovan, American general, lawyer, and politician (d. 1959) 1884
1884
– Chikuhei Nakajima, Japanese lieutenant, engineer, and politician, founded Nakajima Aircraft Company (d. 1949) 1884
1884
– José Quirante, Spanish footballer, coach, and manager (d. 1964) 1884
1884
– Konstantinos Tsaldaris, Egyptian-Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece
Greece
(d. 1970) 1887
1887
– Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral (d. 1945) 1888
1888
– Georgios Stanotas, Greek general (d. 1965) 1888
1888
– John Garand, Canadian-American engineer, designed the M1 Garand rifle (d. 1974) 1889
1889
– Charles Bickford, American actor (d. 1967) 1890
1890
– Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer and academic (d. 1966) 1891
1891
– Sampurnanand, Indian educator and politician, 3rd Governor of Rajasthan (d. 1969) 1892
1892
– Artur Rodziński, Polish-American conductor (d. 1958) 1892
1892
– Mahadev Desai, Indian author and activist (d. 1942) 1892
1892
– Manuel Roxas, Filipino lawyer and politician, 5th President of the Philippines (d. 1948) 1893
1893
– Mordechai Frizis, Greek colonel (d. 1940) 1894
1894
– Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist and mathematician (d. 1974) 1894
1894
– Edward Joseph Hunkeler, American clergyman (d. 1970) 1895
1895
– J. Edgar Hoover, American law enforcement official; 1st Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
(d. 1972) 1899
1899
– Jack Beresford, British rower (d. 1977) 1900
1900
– Chiune Sugihara, Japanese soldier and diplomat (d. 1986) 1900
1900
– Sam Berger, Canadian sports businessman (d. 1992) 1900
1900
– Shrikrishna Narayan Ratanjankar, Indian scholar and teacher of Hindustani classical music (d. 1974) 1900
1900
– Xavier Cugat, Spanish-American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1990) 1902
1902
– Buster Nupen, South African cricketer and lawyer (d. 1977) 1902
1902
– Hans von Dohnányi, German jurist and political dissident (d. 1945) 1903
1903
– Dwight Taylor, American screenwriter and author (d. 1986) 1904
1904
– Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani lawyer and politician, 5th President of Pakistan
Pakistan
(d. 1982) 1905
1905
– Stanisław Mazur, Ukrainian-Polish mathematician and theorist (d. 1981) 1907
1907
– Kinue Hitomi, Japanese sprinter and long jumper (d. 1931) 1909
1909
– Dana Andrews, American actor (d. 1992) 1909
1909
– Dattaram Hindlekar, Indian cricketer (d. 1949) 1909
1909
– Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian soldier and politician (d. 1959) 1910
1910
– Koesbini, Indonesian composer (d. 1991) 1911
1911
– Audrey Wurdemann, American poet and author (d. 1960) 1911
1911
– Basil Dearden, English director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1971) 1911
1911
– Hank Greenberg, American baseball player and lieutenant (d. 1986) 1911
1911
– Roman Totenberg, Polish-American violinist and educator (d. 2012) 1912
1912
– Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician and historian (d. 1995) 1912
1912
– Kim Philby, British spy (d. 1988) 1912
1912
– Nikiforos Vrettakos, Greek poet and academic (d. 1991) 1914
1914
– Noor Inayat Khan, British SOE agent (d. 1944) 1917
1917
– Shannon Bolin, American actress and singer (d. 2016) 1918
1918
– Ed Price, American soldier, pilot, and politician (d. 2012) 1918
1918
– Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish colonel, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000) 1918
1918
– Willy den Ouden, Dutch swimmer (d. 1997) 1919
1919
– Carole Landis, American actress (d. 1948) 1919
1919
– J. D. Salinger, American soldier and author (d. 2010) 1919
1919
– Rocky Graziano, American boxer and actor (d. 1990) 1919
1919
– Yoshio Tabata, Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2013) 1920
1920
– Mahmoud Zoufonoun, Iranian-American violinist (d. 2013) 1920
1920
– Osvaldo Cavandoli, Italian cartoonist (d. 2007) 1921
1921
– César Baldaccini, French sculptor and academic (d. 1998) 1921
1921
– Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian-American philosopher and academic (d. 1986) 1921
1921
– John Strawson, English general (d. 2014) 1921
1921
– Regina Bianchi, Italian actress (d. 2013) 1922
1922
– Ernest Hollings, American soldier and politician, 106th Governor of South Carolina 1922
1922
– Jerry Robinson, American illustrator (d. 2011) 1922
1922
– Roz Howard, American race car driver (d. 2013) 1923
1923
– Daniel Gorenstein, American mathematician and academic (d. 1992) 1923
1923
– Milt Jackson, American vibraphonist and composer (Modern Jazz Quartet) (d. 1999) 1923
1923
– Valentina Cortese, Italian actress 1924
1924
– Charlie Munger, American businessman and philanthropist 1924
1924
– Francisco Macías Nguema, Equatorial Guinean politician, 1st President of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (d. 1979) 1925
1925
– Matthew Beard, American child actor (d. 1981) 1925
1925
– Paul Bomani, Tanzanian politician and diplomat, 1st Tanzanian Minister of Finance (d. 2005) 1925
1925
– Wahiduddin Khan, Indian religious scholar and peace activist 1926
1926
– Kazys Petkevičius, Lithuanian basketball player and coach (d. 2008) 1927
1927
– Calum MacKay, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2001) 1927
1927
– Doak Walker, American football player and businessman (d. 1998) 1927
1927
– James Reeb, American clergyman and political activist (d. 1965) 1927
1927
– Maurice Béjart, French-Swiss dancer, choreographer, and director (d. 2007) 1927
1927
– Vernon L. Smith, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1928
1928
– Ernest Tidyman, American author and screenwriter (d. 1984) 1928
1928
– Gerhard Weinberg, German-American historian, author, and academic 1928
1928
– Khan Mohammad, Pakistani cricketer (d. 2009) 1929
1929
– Larry L. King, American journalist, author, and playwright (d. 2012) 1929
1929
– Raymond Chow, Hong Kong film producer, co-founded Orange Sky Golden Harvest 1930
1930
– Frederick Wiseman, American director and producer 1930
1930
– Gaafar Nimeiry, Egyptian-Sudanese politician, 4th President of the Sudan
Sudan
(d. 2009) 1930
1930
– Jean-Pierre Duprey, French poet and sculptor (d. 1959) 1930
1930
– Ty Hardin, American actor (d. 2017) 1932
1932
– Giuseppe Patanè, Italian conductor (d. 1989) 1932
1932
– Jackie Parker, American football player and coach (d. 2006) 1933
1933
– Ford Konno, American swimmer 1933
1933
– James Hormel, American philanthropist and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Luxembourg 1933
1933
– Joe Orton, English author and playwright (d. 1967) 1934
1934
– Alan Berg, American lawyer and radio host (d. 1984) 1934
1934
– Lakhdar Brahimi, Algerian politician, Algerian Minister of Foreign Affairs 1935
1935
– Om Prakash Chautala, Indian former politician 1936
1936
– Don Nehlen, American football player and coach 1936
1936
– James Sinegal, American businessman, co-founded Costco 1937
1937
– John Fuller, English poet and author 1937
1937
– Matt Robinson, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2002) 1938
1938
– Frank Langella, American actor 1938
1938
– Robert Jankel, English businessman, founded Panther Westwinds (d. 2005) 1939
1939
– Michèle Mercier, French actress 1939
1939
– Mohamed El Yazghi, Moroccan politician 1939
1939
– Phil Read, English motorcycle racer and businessman 1939
1939
– Senfronia Thompson, American politician 1941
1941
F. R. David
F. R. David
French musician 1941
1941
– Martin Evans, English-Welsh geneticist and academic 1941
1941
– Eva Ras, Serbian actress, writer, and painter 1941
1941
– Younoussi Touré, Malian politician, Prime Minister of Mali 1942
1942
– Alassane Ouattara, Ivorian economist and politician, President of the Ivory Coast 1942
1942
– Al Hunt, American journalist 1942
1942
– Anthony Hamilton-Smith, 3rd Baron Colwyn, English dentist and politician 1942
1942
– Kornelije Kovač, Serbian composer 1942
1942
– Billy Lothridge, American football player (d. 1996) 1942
1942
– Country Joe McDonald, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1942
1942
– Dennis Archer, American lawyer and politician, 67th Mayor of Detroit 1942
1942
– Gennadi Sarafanov, Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2005) 1942
1942
– Judy Stone, Australian singer-songwriter 1943
1943
– Bud Hollowell, American baseball player and manager (d. 2014) 1943
1943
– Don Novello, American comedian (Father Guido Sarducci), screenwriter and producer 1943
1943
– Jerilyn Britz, American golfer 1943
1943
– Ronald Perelman, American businessman and philanthropist, founded MacAndrews & Forbes 1943
1943
– Tony Knowles, American soldier and politician, 7th Governor of Alaska 1943
1943
– Vladimir Šeks, Croatian lawyer and politician, 16th Speaker of the Croatian Parliament 1944
1944
– Barry Beath, Australian rugby league player 1944
1944
– Charlie Davis, Trinidadian cricketer 1944
1944
– Jimmy Hart, American wrestling manager and singer 1944
1944
– Mati Unt, Estonian author, playwright, and director (d. 2005) 1944
1944
– Omar al-Bashir, Sudanese field marshal and politician, 7th President of Sudan 1944
1944
– Teresa Torańska, Polish journalist and author (d. 2013) 1944
1944
– Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani field hockey player and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Pakistan 1945
1945
– Jacky Ickx, Belgian race car driver 1945
1945
– Martin Schanche, Norwegian race car driver 1945
1945
– Victor Ashe, American politician and former United States Ambassador to Poland 1946
1946
– Carl B. Hamilton, Swedish economist and politician 1946
1946
– Susannah McCorkle, American singer (d. 2001) 1946
1946
– Claude Steele, African-American social psychologist and academic 1946
1946
– Rivellino, Brazilian footballer and manager 1946
1946
– Shelby Steele, American journalist, author, and director 1947
1947
– Jon Corzine, American sergeant and politician, 54th Governor of New Jersey 1947
1947
– Leon Patillo, American singer and evangelist 1947
1947
– Leonard Thompson, American golfer 1948
1948
– Devlet Bahçeli, Turkish economist, academic, and politician, 57th Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey 1948
1948
– Dick Quax, New Zealand runner and politician 1948
1948
– Joe Petagno, American illustrator 1948
1948
– Pavel Grachev, Russian general and politician, 1st Russian Minister of Defence (d. 2012) 1949
1949
– Ljubodrag Simonović, Serbian philosopher, author and retired basketball player 1949
1949
– Borys Tarasyuk, Ukrainian politician and diplomat 1949
1949
– Olivia Goldsmith, American author (d. 2004) 1950
1950
– Deepa Mehta, Indian-Canadian director and screenwriter 1950
1950
– James Richardson, American poet and academic 1950
1950
– Tony Currie, English footballer 1950
1950
– Wayne Bennett, Australian rugby league player and coach 1951
1951
– Ashfaq Hussain, Pakistani-Canadian poet and journalist 1951
1951
– Hans-Joachim Stuck, German race car driver 1951
1951
– Martha P. Haynes, American astronomer and academic 1951
1951
– Nana Patekar, Indian actor, screenwriter, and film director 1951
1951
– Radia Perlman, American software designer and network engineer 1952
1952
– Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, Qatari ruler, 7th Emir of Qatar 1952
1952
– Rosario Marchese, Italian-Canadian educator and politician 1952
1952
– Shaji N. Karun, Indian director and cinematographer 1953
1953
– Gary Johnson, American businessman and politician, 29th Governor of New Mexico 1953
1953
– Lynn Jones, American baseball player and coach 1954
1954
– Bob Menendez, American lawyer and politician 1954
1954
– Dennis O'Driscoll, Irish poet and critic (d. 2012) 1954
1954
– Richard Edson, American drummer 1954
1954
– Yannis Papathanasiou, Greek engineer and politician, Greek Minister of Finance 1955
1955
– Gennady Lyachin, Russian captain (d. 2000) 1955
1955
– LaMarr Hoyt, American baseball player 1955
1955
– Mary Beard, English scholar, academic, and classicist 1955
1955
– Precious, Canadian wrestler and manager 1955
1955
– Simon Schaffer, British academic and historian of Science and Philosophy 1956
1956
– Andy Gill, English guitarist and singer-songwriter 1956
1956
– Christine Lagarde, French lawyer and politician; Managing Director, International Monetary Fund 1956
1956
– John O'Donohue, Irish poet, author, priest, and philosopher. (d. 2008) 1956
1956
– Mark R. Hughes, American businessman, founder of Herbalife (d. 2000) 1956
1956
– Martin Plaza, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist 1956
1956
– Mike Mitchell, American basketball player (d. 2011) 1956
1956
– Sergei Avdeyev, Russian engineer and astronaut 1957
1957
– Evangelos Venizelos, Greek lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Greece 1957
1957
– Urmas Arumäe, Estonian lawyer and politician, Estonian Minister of Justice 1958
1958
– Dave Silk, American ice hockey player and coach 1958
1958
– Grandmaster Flash, Barbadian rapper and DJ 1959
1959
– Abdul Ahad Mohmand, Afghan colonel, pilot, and astronaut 1959
1959
– Andy Andrews, American tennis player 1959
1959
– Azali Assoumani, Comorian colonel and politician, President of the Comoros 1959
1959
– Michel Onfray, French philosopher and author 1959
1959
– Panagiotis Giannakis, Greek basketball player and coach 1960
1960
– Danny Wilson, English footballer and manager 1960
1960
– Michael Seibert, American ice dancer and choreographer 1960
1960
– Toomas Vitsut, Estonian businessman and politician 1961
1961
– Fiona Phillips, English journalist 1961
1961
– Sam Backo, Australian rugby league player 1961
1961
– Sergei Babayan, Armenian-American pianist and academic 1962
1962
– Anton Muscatelli, Italian-Scottish economist and academic 1963
1963
– Srđan Dragojević, Serbian film director and screenwriter 1963
1963
– Alberigo Evani, Italian footballer and manager 1963
1963
– Jean-Marc Gounon, French race car driver 1964
1964
– Dedee Pfeiffer, American actress 1965
1965
– Andrew Valmon, American runner and coach 1965
1965
– John Sullivan, American real estate agent and politician 1965
1965
– Miki Higashino, Japanese pianist and composer 1966
1966
– Anna Burke, Australian businesswoman and politician, 28th Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives 1966
1966
– Ivica Dačić, Serbian journalist and politician, 95th Prime Minister of Serbia 1967
1967
– Derrick Thomas, American football player (d. 2000) 1967
1967
– John Digweed, English DJ, record producer, and actor 1967
1967
– Reza Sheykholeslam, Iranian politician 1967
1967
– Spencer Tunick, American photographer 1967
1967
– Tawera Nikau, New Zealand rugby league player 1968
1968
– Davor Šuker, Croatian footballer 1969
1969
– Morris Chestnut, American actor and producer 1969
1969
– Paul Lawrie, Scottish golfer and journalist 1969
1969
– Verne Troyer, American actor and stuntman 1970
1970
– Sergei Kiriakov, Russian footballer and manager 1971
1971
– Andre Marriner, English association football referee 1971
1971
– Bobby Holík, Czech-American ice hockey player and coach 1971
1971
– Chris Potter, American saxophonist and composer 1971
1971
– Denise Stapley, American former game show contestant, winner of Survivor: Philippines 1971
1971
– Juan Carlos Plata, Guatemalan footballer 1971
1971
– Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia, Indian politician 1971
1971
– Sammie Henson, American wrestler and coach 1972
1972
– Barron Miles, American-Canadian football player and coach 1972
1972
– Lilian Thuram, French footballer 1973
1973
– Bryan Thao Worra, Laotian-American author, poet, and playwright 1973
1973
– Danny Lloyd, American actor and educator 1973
1973
– Magnus Sahlgren, Swedish guitarist and linguist 1973
1973
– Shelda Bede, Brazilian volleyball player 1974
1974
Christian
Christian
Paradis, Canadian lawyer and politician, 9th Canadian Minister of Industry 1975
1975
– Becky Kellar-Duke, Canadian ice hockey player 1975
1975
– Bengt Sæternes, Norwegian footballer and manager 1975
1975
– Chris Anstey, Australian basketball player and coach 1975
1975
– Eiichiro Oda, Japanese manga artist 1975
1975
– Fernando Tatís, Dominican baseball player 1975
1975
– Joe Cannon, American soccer player and sportscaster 1975
1975
– Mohamed Albuflasa, Bahraini poet and activist 1975
1975
– Sonali Bendre, Indian actress and model 1976
1976
– Mustafa Doğan, Turkish-German footballer and sportscaster 1977
1977
– Craig Reucassel, Australian comedian and television host 1977
1977
– Leoš Friedl, Czech tennis player 1977
1977
– María de la Paz Hernández, Argentinian field hockey player 1977
1977
– Rosena Allin-Khan, British politician 1978
1978
– Philip Mulryne, Northern Irish footballer and priest 1979
1979
– Brody Dalle, Australian-American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1979
1979
– Koichi Domoto, Japanese singer-songwriter and actor 1980
1980
– Karina Jacobsgaard, Danish tennis player 1980
1980
– Richie Faulkner, English guitarist and songwriter 1981
1981
– Zsolt Baumgartner, Hungarian race car driver 1982
1982
– David Nalbandian, Argentinian tennis player 1982
1982
– Egidio Arévalo Ríos, Uruguayan footballer 1982
1982
– Luke Rodgers, English footballer 1983
1983
– Calum Davenport, English footballer 1983
1983
– Melaine Walker, Jamaican hurdler 1983
1983
– Park Sung-hyun, South Korean archer 1984
1984
Christian
Christian
Eigler, German footballer 1984
1984
– Lance Brooks, American discus thrower 1984
1984
– Michael Witt, Australian rugby league player 1984
1984
– Paolo Guerrero, Peruvian footballer 1984
1984
– Rubens Sambueza, Argentinian footballer 1984
1984
– Stefano Pastrello, Italian footballer 1985
1985
– Jeff Carter, Canadian ice hockey player 1985
1985
– Steven Davis, Northern Irish footballer 1985
1985
– Tiago Splitter, Brazilian basketball player 1986
1986
– Glen Davis, American basketball player 1986
1986
– Lee Sung-min, South Korean singer and actor 1986
1986
– Pablo Cuevas, Uruguayan tennis player 1986
1986
– Ramses Barden, American football player 1987
1987
– Devin Setoguchi, Canadian ice hockey player 1987
1987
– Gilbert Brulé, Canadian ice hockey player 1987
1987
– Meryl Davis, American ice dancer 1987
1987
– Ryan Perrilloux, American football player 1987
1987
– Serdar Özkan, Turkish footballer 1988
1988
– Grzegorz Panfil, Polish tennis player 1989
1989
– Bae Geu-rin, South Korean actress 1989
1989
– Jason Pierre-Paul, American football player 1989
1989
– Stefan Reinartz, German footballer 1991
1991
– Darius Slay, American football player 1992
1992
– Daniel Kofi Agyei, Ghanaian footballer 1992
1992
– René Binder, Austrian racing driver 1992
1992
– Jack Wilshere, English footballer 1992
1992
– Nathaniel Peteru, New Zealand rugby league player 1993
1993
– Jon Flanagan, English footballer 1993
1993
– Michael Olaitan, Nigerian footballer 1993
1993
– Randa, New Zealand rapper[1] 1994
1994
– Brendan Elliot, Australian rugby league player 1994
1994
– Craig Murray, Scottish footballer

Deaths[edit]

138 – Lucius Aelius, adopted son and intended successor of Hadrian (b. 101) 404
404
– Telemachus, Christian
Christian
monk and martyr 466
466
– Emperor Qianfei, emperor of the Liu Song dynasty
Liu Song dynasty
(b. 449) 510
510
– Eugendus, French abbot and saint (b. 449) 680
680
– Javanshir, Albanian king (b. 616) 827
827
– Adalard of Corbie, Frankish abbot 898
898
Odo of France
Odo of France
(b. 860) 951
951
– Ramiro II, king of León and Galicia 962
962
Baldwin III, Count of Flanders
Baldwin III, Count of Flanders
(b. 940) 1189 – Henry of Marcy, Cistercian abbot (b. c. 1136) 1204
1204
Haakon III of Norway (b. 1170) 1387 Charles II of Navarre
Charles II of Navarre
(b. 1332) 1496 Charles, Count of Angoulême
Charles, Count of Angoulême
(b. 1459) 1515
1515
Louis XII of France
Louis XII of France
(b. 1462) 1559
1559
Christian
Christian
III of Denmark
Denmark
(b. 1503) 1560
1560
– Joachim du Bellay, French poet and critic (b. 1522) 1617
1617
– Hendrik Goltzius, Dutch painter and illustrator (b. 1558) 1697
1697
– Filippo Baldinucci, Florentine historian and author (b. 1624) 1716
1716
– William Wycherley, English playwright and poet (b. 1641) 1748
1748
– Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and academic (b. 1667) 1780
1780
– Johann Ludwig Krebs, German organist and composer (b. 1713) 1782
1782
– Johann Christian
Christian
Bach, German composer (b. 1735) 1789
1789
– Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English lawyer and politician, British Speaker of the House of Commons (b. 1716) 1793
1793
– Francesco Guardi, Italian painter and educator (b. 1712) 1796
1796
– Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician and chemist (b. 1735) 1817
1817
– Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist and academic (b. 1743) 1846
1846
– John Torrington, English soldier and explorer (b. 1825) 1853
1853
– Gregory Blaxland, Australian farmer and explorer (b. 1778) 1862
1862
– Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Ukrainian mathematician and physicist (b. 1801) 1881
1881
– Louis Auguste Blanqui, French activist (b. 1805) 1892
1892
– Roswell B. Mason, American lawyer and politician, 25th Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805) 1894
1894
– Heinrich Hertz, German physicist and academic (b. 1857) 1896
1896
– Alfred Ely Beach, American publisher and lawyer, created the Beach Pneumatic Transit
Beach Pneumatic Transit
(b. 1826) 1906
1906
– Hugh Nelson, Scottish-Australian farmer and politician, 11th Premier of Queensland
Queensland
(b. 1833) 1918
1918
– William Wilfred Campbell, Canadian poet and author (b. 1858) 1919
1919
– Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (b. 1881) 1921
1921
– Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, German lawyer and politician, 5th Chancellor of Germany
Chancellor of Germany
(b. 1856) 1922
1922
– István Kühár, Slovene priest and politician (b. 1887) 1929
1929
– Mustafa Necati, Turkish civil servant and politician, Turkish Minister of Environment and Urban Planning (b. 1894) 1931
1931
– Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (b. 1851) 1937
1937
– Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati, Indian religious leader, founded the Gaudiya Math
Gaudiya Math
(b. 1874) 1940
1940
– Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao, Indian author and educator (b. 1865) 1944
1944
– Edwin Lutyens, English architect, designed the Castle Drogo and Thiepval Memorial
Thiepval Memorial
(b. 1869) 1944
1944
– Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (b. 1862) 1953
1953
– Hank Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1923) 1954
1954
– Duff Cooper, English politician and diplomat, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1890) 1954
1954
– Leonard Bacon, American poet and critic (b. 1887) 1955
1955
– Arthur C. Parker, American archaeologist and historian (b. 1881) 1960
1960
– Margaret Sullavan, American actress (b. 1909) 1965
1965
– Emma Asson, Estonian historian and politician (b. 1889) 1966
1966
– Vincent Auriol, French journalist and politician, 16th President of the French Republic
President of the French Republic
(b. 1884) 1969
1969
– Barton MacLane, American actor, playwright and screenwriter (b. 1902) 1969
1969
– Bruno Söderström, Swedish pole vaulter and javelin thrower (b. 1888) 1971
1971
– Amphilochius of Pochayiv, Ukrainian saint (b. 1894) 1972
1972
– Maurice Chevalier, French actor and singer (b. 1888) 1978
1978
– Don Freeman, American author and illustrator (b. 1908) 1980
1980
– Pietro Nenni, Italian journalist and politician, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1891) 1981
1981
– Hephzibah Menuhin, American-Australian pianist (b. 1920) 1982
1982
– Victor Buono, American actor (b. 1938) 1984
1984
– Alexis Korner, French-English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1928) 1985
1985
– Sigerson Clifford, Irish poet, playwright, and civil servant (b. 1913) 1992
1992
– Grace Hopper, American computer scientist and admiral, co-developed COBOL
COBOL
(b. 1906) 1994
1994
– Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt, New Zealand physician and politician, 11th Governor-General of New Zealand
Governor-General of New Zealand
(b. 1900) 1994
1994
– Cesar Romero, American actor (b. 1907) 1994
1994
– Edward Arthur Thompson, Irish historian and academic (b. 1914) 1995
1995
– Eugene Wigner, Hungarian-American physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902) 1996
1996
– Arleigh Burke, American admiral (b. 1901) 1996
1996
– Arthur Rudolph, German-American engineer (b. 1906) 1997
1997
– Ivan Graziani, Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1945) 1997
1997
– Townes Van Zandt, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1944) 1998
1998
– Helen Wills, American tennis player and coach (b. 1905) 2000
2000
– Colin Vaughan, Australian-Canadian journalist and activist (b. 1931) 2001
2001
– Ray Walston, American actor (b. 1914) 2002
2002
– Julia Phillips, American film producer and author (b. 1944) 2003
2003
– Joe Foss, American soldier, pilot, and politician, 20th Governor of South Dakota
Governor of South Dakota
(b. 1915) 2003
2003
– Royce D. Applegate, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1939) 2005
2005
– Shirley Chisholm, American educator and politician (b. 1924) 2005
2005
– Eugene J. Martin, American painter (b. 1938) 2006
2006
– Harry Magdoff, American economist and journalist (b. 1913) 2007
2007
– Leon Davidson, American chemist and engineer (b. 1922) 2007
2007
– Roland Levinsky, South African-English biochemist and academic (b. 1943) 2007
2007
– Tillie Olsen, American short story writer (b. 1912) 2008
2008
– Harold Corsini, American photographer and educator (b. 1919) 2008
2008
– Pratap Chandra Chunder, Indian educator and politician 2009
2009
– Claiborne Pell, American politician (b. 1918) 2010
2010
– Lhasa de Sela, American-Mexican singer-songwriter (b. 1972) 2011
2011
– Marin Constantin, Romanian composer and conductor (b. 1925) 2012
2012
– Kiro Gligorov, Bulgarian-Macedonian lawyer and politician, 1st President of the Republic of Macedonia
President of the Republic of Macedonia
(b. 1917) 2012
2012
– Nay Win Maung, Burmese physician, businessman, and activist (b. 1962) 2012
2012
– Tommy Mont, American football player and coach (b. 1922) 2013
2013
– Christopher Martin-Jenkins, English journalist (b. 1945) 2013
2013
– Patti Page, American singer and actress (b. 1927) 2014
2014
– Higashifushimi Kunihide, Japanese monk and educator (b. 1910) 2014
2014
– Juanita Moore, American actress (b. 1914) 2014
2014
– Pete DeCoursey, American journalist (b. 1961) 2014
2014
– William Mgimwa, Tanzanian banker and politician, 13th Tanzanian Minister of Finance (b. 1950) 2015
2015
– Boris Morukov, Russian physician and astronaut (b. 1950) 2015
2015
– Donna Douglas, American actress (b. 1932) 2015
2015
– Mario Cuomo, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of New York (b. 1932) 2015
2015
– Omar Karami, Lebanese lawyer and politician, 58th Prime Minister of Lebanon (b. 1934) 2016
2016
– Dale Bumpers, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 38th Governor of Arkansas
Governor of Arkansas
(b. 1925) 2016
2016
– Fazu Aliyeva, Russian poet and journalist (b. 1932) 2016
2016
– Mike Oxley, American lawyer and politician (b. 1944) 2016
2016
– Vilmos Zsigmond, Hungarian-American cinematographer and producer (b. 1930) 2017
2017
– Derek Parfit, British philosopher (b. 1942) 2017
2017
– Tony Atkinson, British economist (b. 1944) 2017
2017
– Yvon Dupuis, Canadian politician (b. 1926) 2018
2018
– Robert Mann, American violinist (b. 1920)

Holidays and observances[edit]

Christian
Christian
feast day:

Adalard of Corbie Basil the Great (Eastern Orthodox Church) Feast of the Circumcision of Christ

Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus
Jesus
(Anglican Communion, Lutheran Church) Feast of Fools
Feast of Fools
(Medieval Europe)

Fulgentius of Ruspe Giuseppe Maria Tomasi Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God, the Octave Day of Christmas, considered a holy day of obligation in some countries (Catholic Church); and its related observances:

World Day of Peace

Telemachus Zygmunt Gorazdowski January
January
1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

Earliest day on which Handsel Monday can fall, while January
January
7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday of the year (Scotland) Second day of Hogmanay
Hogmanay
(Scotland) December
December
31- January
January
1, in some cases until January
January
2. The last day of Kwanzaa
Kwanzaa
(African-Americans) The eighth of the Twelve Days of Christmas
Christmas
(Western Christianity) Constitution Day (Italy) Dissolution of Czechoslovakia-related observances:

Day of the Establishment of the Slovak Republic
Slovak Republic
(Slovakia) Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State
Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State
(Czech Republic)

Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
(United States) Euro
Euro
Day (European Union) Flag Day (Lithuania)
Flag Day (Lithuania)
commemorates raising of the Lithuanian flag on Gediminas' Tower in 1919 Founding Day (Taiwan)
Founding Day (Taiwan)
commemorates the establishment of the Provisional Government in Nanjing Global Family Day Independence Day (Brunei, Cameroon, Haiti, Sudan) International Nepali Dhoti and Nepali Topi Day Jump-up Day (Montserrat) Kalpataru Day
Kalpataru Day
(Ramakrishna Movement) Kamakura Ebisu, January
January
1–3 (Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan) National Bloody Mary Day (United States) National Tree Planting Day (Tanzania) New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(Gregorian calendar)

Japanese New Year Novy God
Novy God
Day (Russia) Sjoogwachi (Okinawa Islands)

Polar Bear Swim Day ( Canada
Canada
and United States) Public Domain Day
Public Domain Day
(multiple countries) Triumph of the Revolution (Cuba)

References[edit]

^ "Randa Official". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2018-03-06. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to January
January
1.

BBC: On This Day

The New York Times: On This Day On This Day in Canada

v t e

Months and days of the year

Today: April
April
6, 2018

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October

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November

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December

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Related: January
January
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