The Info List - Innsbruck

(German: [ˈɪnsbʁʊk], local pronunciation: [ˈɪnʃprʊk]) is the capital city of Tyrol
in western Austria
and is the fifth-largest city in Austria. It is in the Inn valley, at its junction with the Wipp valley, which provides access to the Brenner Pass
Brenner Pass
some 30 km (18.6 mi) to the south. Located in the broad valley between high mountains, the so-called North Chain in the Karwendel Alps
Karwendel Alps
(Hafelekarspitze, 2,334 metres or 7,657 feet) to the north, and the Patscherkofel
(2,246 m or 7,369 ft) and Serles
(2,718 m or 8,917 ft) to the south. Innsbruck
is an internationally renowned winter sports centre, and hosted the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics
1976 Winter Olympics
as well as the 1984 and 1988 Winter Paralympics. Innsbruck
also hosted the first Winter Youth Olympics in 2012. The name translates as "Inn bridge".[3]


1 History

1.1 Euroregion Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino

2 Population 3 Geography

3.1 Climate 3.2 Boroughs and statistical divisions 3.3 Places of interest

3.3.1 Buildings and monuments 3.3.2 Museums 3.3.3 Churches 3.3.4 Parks and gardens 3.3.5 Gallery

4 Government and politics 5 Culture

5.1 Cultural events 5.2 Sports

6 Economy and infrastructure

6.1 Transport

7 Education 8 Organizations 9 Notable sons and daughters

9.1 Early times to 1600 9.2 1600 to 1700 9.3 1700 to 1850 9.4 1850 to 1880 9.5 1880 to 1900 9.6 1900 to 1918 9.7 1918 to 1930 9.8 1930 to 1955 9.9 1955 to modern times

10 International relations

10.1 Twin towns and sister cities 10.2 Partnerships 10.3 Austrian Service Abroad

11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links

History[edit] The earliest traces suggest initial inhabitation in the early Stone Age. Surviving pre-Roman place names show that the area has been populated continuously. In the 4th century the Romans established the army station Veldidena (the name survives in today's urban district Wilten) at Oenipons (Innsbruck), to protect the economically important commercial road from Verona-Brenner- Augsburg
in their province of Raetia. The first mention of Innsbruck
dates back to the name Oeni Pontum or Oeni Pons which is Latin
for bridge (pons) over the Inn (Oenus), which was an important crossing point over the Inn river. The Counts of Andechs acquired the town in 1180. In 1248 the town passed into the hands of the Counts of Tyrol.[4] The city's arms show a bird's-eye view of the Inn bridge, a design used since 1267. The route over the Brenner Pass
Brenner Pass
was then a major transport and communications link between the north and the south, and the easiest route across the Alps. The revenues generated by serving as a transit station enabled the city to flourish.

View of Innsbruck
by Albrecht Dürer, 1495

became the capital of all Tyrol
in 1429 and in the 15th century the city became a centre of European politics and culture as Emperor Maximilian I also resided in Innsbruck
in the 1490s. The city benefited from the emperor's presence as can be seen for example in the Hofkirche. Here a funeral monument for Maximilian was planned and erected partly by his successors. The ensemble with a cenotaph and the bronze statues of real and mythical ancestors of the Habsburg emperor are one of the main artistic monuments of Innsbruck. A regular postal service between Innsbruck
and Mechelen
was established in 1490 by the Thurn-und-Taxis-Post.

Ambras Castle, 1679

In 1564 Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria
received the rulership over Tirol and other Further Austrian possessions administered from Innsbruck
up to the 18th century. He had Schloss Ambras
Schloss Ambras
built and arranged there his unique Renaissance collections nowadays mainly part of Vienna's Kunsthistorisches Museum. Up to 1665 a stirps of the Habsburg dynasty ruled in Innsbruck
with an independent court. In the 1620s the first opera house north of the Alps
was erected in Innsbruck (Dogana). In 1669 the university was founded. Also as a compensation for the court as Emperor Leopold I again reigned from Vienna
and the Tyrolean stirps of the Habsburg dynasty had ended in 1665.[clarification needed]

Andreas Hofer
Andreas Hofer
with his Consultants at the Hofburg by Franz Defregger, 1879

During the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
was ceded to Bavaria, ally of France. Andreas Hofer
Andreas Hofer
led a Tyrolean peasant army to victory in the Battles of Bergisel
against the combined Bavarian and French forces, and then made Innsbruck
the centre of his administration. The combined army later overran the Tyrolean militia army and until 1814 Innsbruck
was part of Bavaria. After the Vienna Congress
Vienna Congress
Austrian rule was restored. Until 1918, the town (one of the 4 autonomous towns in Tyrol) was part of the Austrian monarchy
Austrian monarchy
( Austria
side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district of the same name, one of the 21 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in the Tyrol
province.[5] The Tyrolean hero Andreas Hofer
Andreas Hofer
was executed in Mantua; his remains were returned to Innsbruck
in 1823 and interred in the Franciscan church. During World War I, the only recorded action taking place in Innsbruck was near the end of the war. On February 20, 1918, Allied planes flying out of Italy
raided Innsbruck, causing casualties among the Austrian troops there. No damage to the town is recorded.[6] In November 1918 Innsbruck
and all Tyrol
were occupied by the 20 to 22 thousand soldiers of the III Corps of the First Italian Army.[7] In 1929, the first official Austrian Chess Championship was held in Innsbruck. Main article: Bombing of Innsbruck
in World War II In 1938 Austria
was annexed by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
in the Anschluss. Between 1943 and April 1945, Innsbruck
experienced twenty-two air raids and suffered heavy damage. Euroregion Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino[edit] In 1996, the European Union approved further cultural and economic integration between the Austrian province of Tyrol
and the Italian autonomous provinces of South Tyrol
and Trentino
by recognizing the creation of the Euroregion Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino. Population[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2017)

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1900 49,727 —    

1951 95,055 +91.2%

1961 100,959 +6.2%

1971 116,104 +15.0%

1981 117,287 +1.0%

1991 118,112 +0.7%

2001 113,392 −4.0%

2011 118,895 +4.9%

2014 124,579 +4.8%

2015 126,965 +1.9%

2016 130,894 +3.1%

Largest minority groups

Nationality Population (2018)

 Germany 11,720

 Italy 8,681

 Turkey 3,032

 Serbia 1,710

 Romania 1,491

 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,431

 Croatia 1,139

 Bulgaria 965

 Afghanistan 946

 Hungary 918

 Syria 918

 Slovakia 738

 Spain 538

 Luxembourg 516

Geography[edit] Climate[edit] Innsbruck
has a humid continental climate (Köppen classification: Dfb),[8] since it has larger annual temperature differences than most of Central Europe due to its location in the centre of the Continent and its position around mountainous terrains. Winters are often very cold (colder than those of most major European cities) and snowy, although the foehn wind sometimes brings pronounced thaws. Spring is brief; days start to get warm, often over 15 °C (59 °F), but nights remain cool or even freezing. Summer is highly variable and unpredictable. Days can be cool 17 °C (63 °F) and rainy, or sunny and extremely hot, sometimes hitting 34 °C (93 °F). In summer, as expected for an alpine-influenced climate, the diurnal temperature variation is often very high as nights usually remain cool, being 12 °C (54 °F) on average, but sometimes dipping as low as 6 °C (43 °F). The average annual temperature is 9 °C (48 °F).

Climate data for Innsbruck-Flugplatz (LOWI)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 20.2 (68.4) 18.6 (65.5) 23.9 (75) 26.4 (79.5) 32.2 (90) 33.6 (92.5) 37.7 (99.9) 35.0 (95) 32.1 (89.8) 26.0 (78.8) 21.2 (70.2) 17.1 (62.8) 37.7 (99.9)

Average high °C (°F) 3.5 (38.3) 6.3 (43.3) 11.3 (52.3) 14.8 (58.6) 20.3 (68.5) 22.6 (72.7) 24.7 (76.5) 24.4 (75.9) 20.8 (69.4) 15.8 (60.4) 8.2 (46.8) 3.7 (38.7) 14.7 (58.5)

Daily mean °C (°F) −1.7 (28.9) 0.4 (32.7) 4.8 (40.6) 8.4 (47.1) 13.4 (56.1) 16.1 (61) 18.1 (64.6) 17.7 (63.9) 14.0 (57.2) 9.1 (48.4) 2.9 (37.2) −1.0 (30.2) 8.5 (47.3)

Average low °C (°F) −5.2 (22.6) −3.7 (25.3) 0.2 (32.4) 3.4 (38.1) 7.8 (46) 10.8 (51.4) 12.8 (55) 12.7 (54.9) 9.3 (48.7) 4.8 (40.6) −0.5 (31.1) −4.2 (24.4) 4.0 (39.2)

Record low °C (°F) −23.8 (−10.8) −17.3 (0.9) −16.5 (2.3) −4.8 (23.4) −2.3 (27.9) 3.0 (37.4) 4.4 (39.9) 1.9 (35.4) −0.9 (30.4) −6.6 (20.1) −17.9 (−0.2) −20.1 (−4.2) −23.8 (−10.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 43.9 (1.728) 41.4 (1.63) 55.9 (2.201) 57.7 (2.272) 87.1 (3.429) 110.3 (4.343) 137.2 (5.402) 111.3 (4.382) 78.1 (3.075) 57.3 (2.256) 63.2 (2.488) 53.1 (2.091) 896.5 (35.295)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 25.6 (10.08) 30.0 (11.81) 12.5 (4.92) 3.5 (1.38) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.8 (0.31) 12.0 (4.72) 25.9 (10.2) 110.3 (43.43)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.4 7.3 8.8 9.7 10.7 13.2 13.9 12.6 9.2 7.8 9.0 8.6 118.2

Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 20.3 14.8 6.2 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 5.1 16.5 65.1

Mean monthly sunshine hours 94.7 121.1 154.2 168.2 193.0 186.8 215.5 214.4 180.0 159.0 102.2 82.8 1,871.9

Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics[9] data of sunshine hours from the nearby university station[10]

Boroughs and statistical divisions[edit]

Cadastral settlements (red) and wards (grey) of Innsbruck

is divided into nine boroughs (cadastral settlements) that were formed from previously independent municipalities or villages.[11] These nine boroughs are further divided into twenty wards (cadastral districts). All wards are within one borough, except for the ward of Hungerburg (Upper Innsbruck), which is divided between two. For statistical purposes, Innsbruck
is further divided into forty-two statistical units (Statistischer Bezirk) and 178 numbered blocks (Zählsprengel).[12] The following are the nine boroughs with the population as of 31 October 2011:[13]

(inner city) (18.524), consisting of Oldtown (Altstadt), Dreiheiligen-Schlachthof, and Saggen Wilten (15.772), consisting of Mentlberg, Sieglanger, and Wilten West Pradl (30.890), consisting of Pradler-Saggen, Reichenau, and Tivoli Hötting (31.246), consisting of Höttinger Au, Hötting West, Sadrach, Allerheiligen, Kranebitten, and part of Hungerburg Mühlau (4.750), consisting of part of Hungerburg Amras (5.403), consisting of Roßau Arzl (10.293), consisting of Neuarzl and Olympisches Dorf Vill (535) Igls (2.204)

Places of interest[edit] Buildings and monuments[edit]

Imperial Hofburg (Kaiserliche Hofburg)

Goldenes Dachl
Goldenes Dachl
(Golden Roof)

Old Inn Bridge (Alte Innbrücke) Ambras Castle Andreas Hofer's tomb St. Anne's Column
St. Anne's Column
(Annasäule) Bergisel
Ski Jump Büchsenhausen Castle Canisianum Casino City Hall (Stadtsaal) Golden Roof
Golden Roof
(Goldenes Dachll) Helbling House
Helbling House
(Helblinghaus) Imperial Palace (Hofburg) Hungerburgbahn Leopold Fountain
Leopold Fountain
(Leopoldsbrunnen) Maria-Theresien-Straße Maximilian's Cenotaph and the Black Men (Schwarzen Männer) Old Federal State Parliament (Altes Landhaus) Old Town (Altstadt) Silver Chapel (Silberne Kapelle) City Tower (Stadtturm) Triumphal Arch (Triumphpforte) Tyrolean State Theatre


Tyrolean Folk Art Museum
Tyrolean Folk Art Museum
next to the Hofkirche in Innsbruck

Alpine Club Museum Ambras Castle Armoury City Archives Grassmayr Bell Foundry and Museum Innsbruck
station Kaiserjäger Museum Tyrol
Panorama Museum (Das Tirol Panorama) Tyrolean Folk Art Museum
Tyrolean Folk Art Museum
(Tiroler Volkunstmuseum) Tyrolean State Museum
Tyrolean State Museum
(Tiroler Landesmuseum or Ferdinandeum) Tyrolean Museum Railways
Tyrolean Museum Railways
(Tiroler Museumsbahnen)


Innsbruck Cathedral
Innsbruck Cathedral
(Dom zu St. Jakob)

Court Church
Court Church
(Hofkirche) Innsbruck Cathedral
Innsbruck Cathedral
(Dom zu St. Jakob) Old Ursuline Church Jesuit
Church Church of Our Lady Church of Our Lady of Perpectual Succour Servite Church Hospital Church Ursuline Church Wilten Abbey (Stift Wilten) Wilten Basilica (Wiltener Basilika) Holy Trinity Church St. John's Church St. Theresa's Church (Hungerburg) Pradler Parish Church St. Paul's State Memorial Church in the Reichenau Evangelical Church of Christ Evangelical Church of the Resurrection Old Höttingen Parish Church Höttingen Parish Church Parish Church of St. Nicholas Parish Church of Neu-Arzl Parish Church of St. Norbert Parish Church of Maria am Gestade Parish Church of the Good Shepherd Parish Church of St. George Parish Church of St. Paul Parish Church of St. Pirminius Church of the Guardian Angel

Parks and gardens[edit]

Alpine Zoo (Alpenzoo) Baggersee Innsbruck Innsbruck
Botanic Garden Hofgarten (Court Garden) Rapoldi Park Ambras Castle
Ambras Castle
Park (Schlosspark Ambras)


Ambras Castle

Andreas Hofer's tomb


City Tower (Stadtturm)


Hofgarten (Court Garden)

Hofkirche (Court Church)

at night

from the Inn river


Maximilian's Cenotaph and the Black Men

Old Inn Bridge

Old Town (Altstadt) with the Goldenes Dachl

Old Town from the Stadtturm




Tyrolean State Museum
Tyrolean State Museum
(Tiroler Landesmuseum)


Wilten Abbey Church

Wilten Basilica

Panoramic view looking north

Government and politics[edit]

Panoramic view looking down

The results of the 2012 local elections were:

Für Innsbruck
21% (conservative) Social Democratic Party of Austria
14.5% (left) Austrian Green Party
Austrian Green Party
19.1% (left) Austrian People's Party
Austrian People's Party
21.9% (conservative) Freie Liste Rudi Federspiel 7.9% (right) Freedom Party of Austria
7.7% (right) Pirate Party Tyrol

Culture[edit] Cultural events[edit] Innsbruck
is a very popular tourist destination, organizing the following events every year:

Innsbrucker Tanzsommer Bergsilvester (New Year's Eve) Innsbrucker Festwochen der Alten Musik ( Innsbruck
Festival of Early Music) Christkindlmarkt (Christmas fair)


ski jumping facility

Due to its location between high mountains, Innsbruck
serves as an ideal place for skiing in winter, ski-jumping and mountaineering in summer. There are several ski resorts around Innsbruck, with the Nordkette
served by a cable car and additional chair lifts further up. Other ski resorts nearby include Axamer Lizum, Muttereralm, Patscherkofel, Igls, Seefeld, Tulfes
and Stubai Valley. The glaciated terrain in the latter makes skiing possible even in summer months. The Winter Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games
were held in Innsbruck
twice, first in 1964, then again in 1976, when Colorado
voters rejected a bond referendum in 1972 to finance the Denver games, originally awarded in 1970. The 1976 Winter Olympics were the last games held in the German-speaking Alps (Austria, Germany, or Switzerland). Along with St. Moritz, Switzerland
and Lake Placid, New York
Lake Placid, New York
in the United States, it is one of three places which have twice hosted the Winter Games. It also hosted the 1984 and 1988 Winter Paralympics. Innsbruck
hosted the 1st Winter Youth Olympic Games
Youth Olympic Games
in 2012.[14] Innsbruck
also hosts one of the 4 ski-jumping competitions of the 4 Hills Tournament every year. Other notable events held in Innsbruck
include the Air & Style Snowboard Contest from 1994 to 1999 and 2008 and the Ice Hockey World Championship in 2005. Together with the city of Seefeld, Innsbruck organized the Winter Universiade
in 2005. Innsbruck's Bergiselschanze is one of the hills of the famous Four Hills Tournament. Innsbruck
is home to the football club FC Wacker Innsbruck, which plays in the Austrian Football Bundesliga
Austrian Football Bundesliga
(first tier) in 2010–11. Former teams include the FC Swarovski Tirol
FC Swarovski Tirol
and FC Tirol Innsbruck. FC Wacker Innsbruck's stadium, Tivoli Neu, is one of eight stadiums which hosted Euro 2008
Euro 2008
which took place in Switzerland
and Austria
in June 2008. The city also hosted an American Football
American Football
final, Eurobowl
XXII between the Swarco Raiders Tirol and the Raiffeisen Vikings Vienna. The city hosted opening round games in the 2011 IFAF World Championship, the official international American Football championship. Innsbruck
will host the IFSC Climbing World Championships 2018 from September 6 to September 16.[15] Economy and infrastructure[edit] Innsbruck
is the cultural and economic centre of western Austria. It is also a substantial tourist centre, with more than a million overnight stays. In Innsbruck, there are 86,186 employees and about 12,038 employers. 7,598 people are self-employed.[16] Nearly 35,000 people commute every day into Innsbruck
from the surrounding communities in the area. The unemployment rate for the year 2012 was 4.2%.[17] The national statistics office, Statistik Austria, does not produce economic data for the City of Innsbruck
alone, but on aggregate level with the Innsbruck-Land District
Innsbruck-Land District
summarized as NUTS 3-region Innsbruck. In 2013, GDP per capita in the NUTS 3-region Innsbruck
was €41,400 which is around 60% above the EU average.[18] The headquarters of Tiwag (energy production), Bank für Tirol und Vorarlberg (financial services), Tiroler Versicherung (insurance) and MED-EL
(medical devices) are located in Innsbruck. The headquarters of Swarovski
(glass), Felder Group (mechanical engineering) and Swarco (traffic technology) are located within 20 km (12 mi) from the city. Residential property is very expensive by national standards. The average price per square metre in Innsbruck
is €4,430 (2015), which is the second highest per square metre price among Austrian cities surpassed only by Salzburg
(€4,823), but followed by Vienna (€3,980).[19] Transport[edit]


is located along the A12/A13 highway corridor, providing freeway access to Verona, Italy
and Munich, Germany. The A12 and A13 converge near Innsbruck, at which point the A13 terminates. Innsbruck
Hauptbahnhof, the most important railway station of Innsbruck
and Tyrol, is one of the busiest railway stations in Austria. It is served by the Lower Inn Valley line to Germany
and eastern Austria, the Arlberg line to the west and the Brenner line, which connects northern Italy
with southern Germany
via the Brenner pass. Since December 2007 suburban services have been operated as the Innsbruck
S-Bahn. Innsbruck Airport
Innsbruck Airport
is located in the suburb of Kranebitten, which is located in the west of the city. It provides services to airports including Frankfurt, London, Amsterdam
and Vienna. It also handles regional flights around the Alps, as well as seasonal flights to other destinations. During the winter, activity increases significantly, due to the high number of skiers travelling to the region. It is the main base of Welcome Air. The airport is approximately 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) from the centre of Innsbruck.

Trambahn in Innsbruck

Local public transport is provided by Innsbrucker Verkehrsbetriebe (IVB), a public authority operating a network of bus and tram routes. The metre-gauge tram network consists of two city lines, 1 and 3, and two lines serving the surrounding area: line 6, the Innsbrucker Mittelgebirgsbahn to Igls, and line STB, the Stubaitalbahn
running through the Stubai Valley to Fulpmes. The network is planned to be enlarged during the coming years to reach Hall in Tirol
Hall in Tirol
in the east and Völs in the west (thus restoring a former tram line [closed in the late 1960s] from Innsbruck
to Solbad Hall, as Hall in Tirol
Hall in Tirol
was then known). Numerous bus lines serve the inner city and connect it with surrounding areas. Until 2007 the bus network included two trolleybus routes, but these were abandoned in preparation for planned expansion of the tram network. In December 2007, the Hungerburgbahn, a funicular service to the district of Hungerburg, was reopened after a two-year closure for extensive rebuilding, with partial realignment and a new extension across the Inn River
Inn River
and into central Innsbruck. The line was also equipped with new vehicles. Because of the unique design of the stations, drafted by the famous architect Zaha Hadid, the funiclar evolves immediately to a new emblem of the city.[20] The line was rebuilt by the Italian company Leitner, and can now carry up to 1,200 persons per hour.[21] It is operated by a private company, the 'Innsbrucker Nordkettenbahnen'. Education[edit] Innsbruck
is a university city, with several locally based colleges and universities. Innsbruck
is home to the oldest grammar school (Gymnasium) of Western Austria, the "Akademisches Gymnasium Innsbruck". The school was founded in 1562 by the Jesuit
order and was the precursor of the university, founded in 1669. Innsbruck
hosts several universities. The most well-known are the University of Innsbruck
University of Innsbruck
(Leopold-Franzens-Universität), the Innsbruck Medical University, and the university of applied sciences MCI Management Center Innsbruck. Organizations[edit]

The international headquarters of SOS Children's Villages, one of the world's largest charities, is located in Innsbruck. The internationally active NGO Austrian Service Abroad
Austrian Service Abroad
was founded in Innsbruck
in 1992 by Andreas Maislinger and Andreas Hörtnagl. Its central office is located at Hutterweg, Innsbruck. Innsbruck
has two universities, the Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck
and the Innsbruck
Medical University. The Innsbruck
Medical University
has one of Europe's premier ski injury clinics. The international headquarters of MED-EL, one of the largest producers of cochlear implants, is located in Innsbruck. The Aouda.X
space suit simulator is being developed by the OeWF
in Innsbruck. Also, the Mission Support Centre for many of the OeWF
Mars analogue missions is situated in the city. This MSC used time delayed communication with Camp Weyprecht in the desert near Erfoud, Morocco for the MARS2013 expedition during February 2013.

Notable sons and daughters[edit]

Margaretha von Habsburg

Anna of Tyrol

Léopold, Duke of Lorraine

Josef Speckbacher

Josef von Hormayr

Karl Schönherr

Otto Hofmann

Roderich Menzel

Karl Gruber

Dietmar Schönherr

William Berger

Peter Noever

Armin Wolf

Eva Lind

Alice Tumler

Early times to 1600[edit]

Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor
(1415 – 1493), Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death, the first emperor of the House of Habsburg. Margaret of Austria, Electress of Saxony
Margaret of Austria, Electress of Saxony
(c. 1416–1486), member of the House of Habsburg, was Electress of Saxony 1431-1464 by her marriage with the Wettin elector Frederick II. She was a sister of Emperor Frederick III. Sigismund, Archduke of Austria
(1427–1496), Habsburg archduke of Austria
and ruler of Tirol from 1446 to 1490 Elisabeth of Brandenburg
(1510 – 1558) princess of the House of Hohenzollern and a Margravine of Brandenburg Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle
Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle
(1517 – 1586), Comte de La Baume Saint Amour, Burgundian statesman, made a cardinal, who followed his father as a leading minister of the Spanish Habsburgs Catherine of Austria, Queen of Poland
Catherine of Austria, Queen of Poland
(1533 – 1572) one of the fifteen children of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary Jacob Regnart (1540s – 1599) Flemish Renaissance composer of both sacred and secular music Adam Tanner (1572–1632), Jesuit
professor of mathematics and philosophy. The crater Tannerus
on the moon is named after him Anna of Tyrol
(1585–1618), by birth Archduchess of Austria
and member of the Tyrolese branch of the House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
and by marriage Holy Roman Empress William Young (composer) (died 23 April 1662) English viol player and composer of the Baroque era, who worked at the court of Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Austria
in Innsbruck

1600 to 1700[edit]

Johann Paul Schor (1615–1674), artist, known in Rome as "Giovanni Paolo Tedesco" Archduchess Isabella Clara of Austria
(1629–1685), by birth Archduchess of Austria
as a member of the Tyrolese branch of the House of Habsburg Sigismund Francis, Archduke of Further Austria
(1630–1665), ruler of Further Austria
including Tyrol Maria Leopoldine of Austria- Tyrol
(1632–1649), by birth Archduchess of Austria
and member of the Tyrolese branch of the House of Habsburg and by marriage the second spouse of her first cousin, Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III Archduchess Claudia Felicitas of Austria
(1653–1676), by birth Archduchess of Austria
and by marriage Holy Roman Empress
Holy Roman Empress
and the second wife of Leopold I Ferdinand Johann Adam von Pernau, Count of Rosenau (1660 – 1731) was an Austrian ornithologist. Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
Leopold (1679 – 1729), surnamed the Good, was Duke of Lorraine
Duke of Lorraine
and Bar from 1690 Michael Ignaz Mildorfer (1690–1747), painter, painted primarily religious themed works

1700 to 1850[edit]

Josef Ignaz Mildorfer
Josef Ignaz Mildorfer
(1719–1775), painter, son of Michael Ignaz Mildorfer Franz Edmund Weirotter
Franz Edmund Weirotter
(1733–1771), painter, draughtsman and etcher primarily of landscapes and maritime scenes Johann Nepomuk von Laicharting (1754–1797), entomologist and Professor of Natural Science (Naturgeschichte) in Innsbruck Ignaz Anton von Indermauer
Ignaz Anton von Indermauer
(1759–1796), nobleman who was murdered in a peasant revolt Josef Speckbacher
Josef Speckbacher
(1767 - 1820) was a leading figure in the rebellion of the Tyrol
against Napoleon Joseph Hormayr, Baron zu Hortenburg
Joseph Hormayr, Baron zu Hortenburg
(1781/2–1848), Austrian and German statesman and historian Wilibald Swibert Joseph Gottlieb von Besser
Wilibald Swibert Joseph Gottlieb von Besser
(1784–1842), Austrian-born botanist who mainly worked in western Ukraine Hermann von Gilm
Hermann von Gilm
(1812–1864) lawyer and poet Vinzenz Maria Gredler (1823 in Telfs – 1912) was a Dominican friar, classicist, philosopher theologian and naturalist. Georg Mader (1824 – 1881) was an Austrian painter. Philipp Sarlay, (1826 - 1908) principal of telegraph office and a pioneer in technological and scientific accomplishments Leopold Pfaundler von Hadermur (1839–1920), physicist and chemist, remembered today for his kinetic-molecular explanation of gas reactions under the condition of equilibrium Ignatius Klotz (1843–1911), American farmer and politician in Wisconsin Georg Johann Luger (1849 – 1923) was an Austrian designer of the famous Luger pistol

1850 to 1880[edit]

Edgar Meyer (painter)
Edgar Meyer (painter)
(1853–1925), painter who built himself a castle and engaged in politics Oswald Redlich
Oswald Redlich
(1858, in Innsbruck
– 1944) historian and archivist; field of auxiliary sciences of history Heinrich Schenkl (1859 in Innsbruck
– 1919) classical philologist, son of classical philologist Karl Schenkl Karl Schönherr
Karl Schönherr
(1867 - 1943) Austrian writer of Austrian Heimat themes. Erwin Payr
Erwin Payr
(1871–1946), surgeon, Splenic-flexure syndrome
Splenic-flexure syndrome
or "Payr's disease" is named after a condition he described. Meinhard von Pfaundler (1872–1947), pediatrician, particularly interested in the diathetic aspects of disease Arnold Durig
Arnold Durig
(1872 – 1961) Austrian physiologist remembered for his investigations involving organisms at high altitude Henry Taaffe, 12th Viscount Taaffe
Henry Taaffe, 12th Viscount Taaffe
(1872–1928), landowner, held hereditary titles from Austria
& Ireland until 1919 when he lost both Bruno Franz Kaulbach
Bruno Franz Kaulbach
(1880–1963) lawyer and a member of the Kohn family whose descendants include the U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry.

1880 to 1900[edit]

Mimi Gstöttner-Auer (1886–1977) Austrian stage and film actress Clemens Holzmeister
Clemens Holzmeister
(1886–1983), architect and stage designer Raoul Stojsavljevic
Raoul Stojsavljevic
(1887 in Innsbruck
- 1930) World War I flying ace Erwin Faber (1891–1989), leading actor in Munich
and Germany, in the late-1970s he performed at the Residenz Theatre Diana Budisavljević
Diana Budisavljević
(1891–1978), humanitarian who led a major relief effort in Yugoslavia
during World War II Otto Hofmann
Otto Hofmann
(1896–1982), SS-Obergruppenführer
and director of Nazi Germany's "Race and Settlement Main Office". He was sentenced to 25 years in prison for war crimes in 1948 and pardoned on 7 April 1954 Karol Juliusz "Igo" Sym (1896–1941), Austrian-born Polish actor and collaborator with Nazi Germany Blessed Jakob Gapp
Jakob Gapp
(1897 - 1943) Roman Catholic priest and a professed member from the Marianists. Otto Eduard Neugebauer (1899–1990) Austrian-American mathematician and historian of science

1900 to 1918[edit]

Carl-Heinz Schroth
Carl-Heinz Schroth
(1902–1989), actor and film director, appeared in 60 films between 1931 and 1989 Hady Pfeiffer (1906–2002), Austrian and later German alpine skier who competed in the 1936 Winter Olympics Bruno de Finetti (1906–1985), Italian probabilist, statistician and actuary, noted for the conception of probability Roderich Ferdinand Ottomar Menzel (1907–1987), amateur tennis player and, after his active career, an author Lotte Scheimpflug (née Embacher) (1908–?), Austrian and later Italian luger, competed from the 1920s to the 1950s Robert Bernardis (1908 in Innsbruck
– 1944) resistance fighter, part of the attempt to kill Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
in the 20 July Plot
20 July Plot
in 1944. Karl Gruber
Karl Gruber
(1909 – 1995) was an Austrian politician and diplomat Gustav "Guzzi" Lantschner (1910–2011), alpine skier turned actor. He competed in the 1936 Winter Olympics Anton Malloth
Anton Malloth
(1912 – 2002) was a supervisor in the Theresienstadt concentration camp. Erich Gottlieb Eliskases (1913–1997), chess grandmaster of the 1930s and 1940s, who represented Austria, Germany
and Argentina in international competition Heinrich C. Berann
Heinrich C. Berann
(1915–1999) father of the modern panorama map, born into a family of painters and sculptors in Innsbruck Peter Demant (1918 in Innsbruck
– 2006) was a Russian writer and public figure.

1918 to 1930[edit]

Constanze Manziarly (1920-1945) cook/dietitian to Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
until his final days in Berlin in 1945 Judith Holzmeister (1920–2008) actress, married to the actor Curd Jürgens 1947–1955 Reinhold Stecher (1921–2013) prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. Bishop of the Diocese of Innsbruck
Diocese of Innsbruck
1980 to 1997. Otmar Suitner
Otmar Suitner
(1922–2010) conductor who spent most of his professional career in East Germany. He was Principal Conductor of the Staatskapelle Dresden
Staatskapelle Dresden
from 1960 to 1964 Meinhard Michael Moser
Meinhard Michael Moser
(1924 – 2002) mycologist, and the taxonomy, chemistry and toxicity of the gilled mushrooms Agaricales Hermann Buhl (1924–1957) mountaineer, and is considered one of the best climbers of all time Egon Schöpf (born 1925) alpine skier who competed in the 1948 Winter Olympics and in the 1952 Winter Olympics Dietmar Schönherr
Dietmar Schönherr
(1926–2014) was an Austrian film actor Ilse von Alpenheim (born 1927) pianist Dagmar Rom
Dagmar Rom
(born 1928) is a former alpine ski racer, won two gold medals at the 1950 World Championships Walter Steinegger (born 1928) former ski jumper who competed from 1952 to 1963 and in the 1952 Winter Olympics
1952 Winter Olympics
in Oslo William Berger (actor)
William Berger (actor)
(born 1928 in Innsbruck
- 1993) was an Austrian American actor Professor Dr. Christian Schwarz-Schilling
Christian Schwarz-Schilling
(born 1930 in Innsbruck), is a German politician, entrepreneur, philanthropist and media and telecommunications innovator.

1930 to 1955[edit]

Prince Johannes Heinrich of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1931 in Innsbruck – 2010) prince of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry Erich Urbanner (born 1936 in Innsbruck) Austrian composer and teacher. Friedrich Josef Lienhard "Fritz" Dinkhauser (born 1940) politician, hammer thrower and bobsleigher at the 1968 Winter Olympics Marcello Spatafora (born 1941), Italian diplomat, former Permanent Representative of Italy
to the United Nations Klaus Riedle (born 1941 in Innsbruck) German power engineering scientist, contributed to the development of more efficient gas turbines for power generation Peter Noever
Peter Noever
(born 1941 in Innsbruck) designer and curator–at–large of art, architecture and media Gerhard Pfanzelter (born 1943 in Innsbruck) prominent Austrian diplomat. Christian Berger
Christian Berger
(born 1945) Austrian cinematographer Radu Malfatti
Radu Malfatti
(born 1946), trombone player and composer Prof. Herbert Lochs, MD (1946 – 2015) prominent German and Austrian medical doctor and scientist Helga Anders (1948 – 1986) Austrian television actress. Gert Elsässer (born 1949), skeleton racer who competed in the early 1980s Peter Zoller
Peter Zoller
(born Innsbruck
1952) theoretical physicist and Professor at the University
of Innsbruck Andreas Maislinger (born 1955) Austrian historian and founder of the Austrian Holocaust Memorial Service Gabriele Sima (1955–2016), opera singer

1955 to modern times[edit]

Wolfgang Scheffler (born 1956), inventor/promoter of large, flexible, parabolic reflecting dishes that concentrate sunlight for solar cooking in community kitchens, bakeries, and in the world's first solar-powered crematorium Gabriele Fontana (born 1958 Innsbruck) is an Austrian operatic soprano. Franz Marx (born 1963), sport wrestler, qualified for the Summer Olympic Games in Barcelona Christian Spielmann (born 1963), physicist and a professor at the University
of Jena Thomas Larcher (born 1963 in Innsbruck) is an Austrian composer and pianist. Markus Prock (born 1964), luger who competed between 1983 and 2002 Armin Wolf
Armin Wolf
(born 1966), journalist and television anchor Eva Lind
Eva Lind
(born 1966), operatic soprano Prince Johannes of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1969 in Innsbruck
– 1987) was a German royal prince from the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry) Bernhard Landauer
Bernhard Landauer
(born 1970), countertenor Gabriel Kuhn
Gabriel Kuhn
(born 1972), political writer and translator based in Sweden Aleksandar Marković
Aleksandar Marković
(born 1975) is a Serbian conductor, principal conductor of Tyrolean Opera House Barbara Schett
Barbara Schett
(born 1976) Austrian tennis player and sportscaster René Benko
René Benko
(born 1977), real estate investor and founder of Signa Holding Alice Tumler
Alice Tumler
(born 1978), television presenter Manu Delago
Manu Delago
(born 1984), Hang player, percussionist and composer based in London Fritz Dopfer
Fritz Dopfer
(born 1987), world Cup alpine ski racer, specializing in the giant slalom and slalom Amira El Sayed (born Innsbruck
1991) is an Egyptian-Austrian actress and author Nathan Trent
Nathan Trent
(born 1992) is an Austrian singer. Who represented Austria
in the Eurovision Song Contest 2017 Susanna Kurzthaler (born 1995), biathlete Vanessa Herzog
Vanessa Herzog
(née Bittner) (born 1995), speed skater

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Austria Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Freiburg im Breisgau
Freiburg im Breisgau
in Baden-Württemberg, Germany
(since 1963) Grenoble
in Isère, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France
(since 1963)[22] Sarajevo
in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(since 1980)[23] Aalborg
in Denmark
(since 1982)[24][25] Tbilisi
in Georgia (since 1982)[26] Ōmachi in Japan, (since 1985)[27] New Orleans
New Orleans
in Louisiana, United States
United States
(since 1995)


in Lesser Poland
Voivodeship, Poland
(since 1998)[28]

Austrian Service Abroad[edit] The Austrian Service Abroad
Austrian Service Abroad
is a NGO, which provides positions for an alternative Austrian national service at 85 organizations in 35 countries worldwide in the sectors Holocaust Memorial Service, Social Service and Peace Service. It was founded by Andreas Maislinger and Andreas Hörtnagl in 1998 and is based in Innsbruck. See also[edit]

Tyrol History of the Jews in Innsbruck Innsbruck, ich muss dich lassen Innsbruck
Tramway Music of Innsbruck Lohbach (Inn)



^ Statistik Austria
- Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016) for Innsbruck. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 9, 2006. Retrieved January 19, 2007.  ^ http://www.lonelyplanet.com/austria/tirol/innsbruck/history ^ Chizzali. Tyrol: Impressions of Tyrol. (Innsbruck: Alpina Printers and Publishers), p. 5 ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967 ^ Reynolds, Churchill, et al. The Story of the Great War, vol. 14. (New York: Collier and Son, 1919) ^ http://www.agiati.it/UploadDocs/12255_Art_20_di_michele.pdf ^ http://www.innsbruck.climatemps.com/ ^ Klimadaten von Österreich 1971-2000 -Innsbruck-Flugplatz (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. ^ "Klimadaten von Österreich 1971-2000 -Innsbruck-Uni" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Retrieved 2012-09-06.  ^ "Landesrecht Tirol: Stadtrecht der Landeshauptstadt Innsbruck
1975 § 2". Rechts Informations System (RIS), Bundeskanzleramt Österreich. Archived from the original on 8 June 2014.  ^ "Räumliches Bezugssystem: Referat Statistik und Berichtswesen, Innsbruck". Landeshauptstadt Innsbruck. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014.  ^ "Registerzählung vom 31. Oktober 2011, Bevölkerung nach Ortschaften, Innsbruck
(70101)" (PDF). Statistik Austria. 31 July 2013.  ^ "International Olympic Committee – News". Olympic.org. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  ^ http://www.innsbruck2018.com ^ "Gemeinde auf einen Blick" (PDF). Statistik Austria. Retrieved 2016-10-02.  ^ "City Statistics Illustrated". ec.europa.eu/eurostat. Retrieved 2015-12-29.  ^ "Regionales BIP und Hauptaggregate nach Wirtschaftsbereichen und 35 NUTS 3-Regionen". statistik.at. Retrieved 2015-12-29.  ^ "In Salzburg
und Innsbruck
ist Wohnraum teurer als in Wien". presse.com. Retrieved 2015-12-29.  ^ " Hungerburgbahn
Innsbruck".  ^ "IF130 Hungerburgbahn".  ^ Jérôme Steffenino, Marguerite Masson. "Ville de Grenoble –Coopérations et villes jumelles". Grenoble.fr. Retrieved 16 May 2013.  ^ "Fraternity cities on Sarajevo
Official Web Site". © City of Sarajevo
2001–2008. Retrieved 2008-11-09.  ^ " Aalborg
Twin Towns". Europeprize.net. Archived from the original on 7 September 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013.  ^ " Aalborg
Kommune – Venskabsbyer". Web.archive.org. 2007-11-14. Archived from the original on 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2009-07-26.  ^ " Tbilisi
Sister Cities". Tbilisi
City Hall. Tbilisi
Municipal Portal. Archived from the original on 2013-07-24. Retrieved 2013-08-05.  External link in work= (help) ^ 友好・姉妹都市. Omachi City Hall (in Japanese). Omachi Municipal Office. Archived from the original on 2014-08-17. Retrieved 2014-08-17.  ^ " Kraków
- Miasta Partnerskie" [ Kraków
-Partnership Cities]. Miejska Platforma Internetowa Magiczny Kraków
(in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 2013-08-10. 


Krakover, Shaul; Borsdorf, Axel (2000). "Spatial dynamics of urban expansion: The case of Innsbruck, Austria". DIE ERDE. 131 (2): 125–141. Retrieved 7 June 2014.  Bousfield, Jonathan; Humphreys, Rob (2001). The Rough Guide to Austria. London: Rough Guides. ISBN 978-1858280592.  City Guides: Innsbruck. Vienna: Freytag-Berndt. 1999. ISBN 978-3850849111.  Maier, Dieter (1998). Insight Guide Austria. Singapore: APA Publications. ISBN 978-0887296109.  Parsons, Nicholas T. (2000). Blue Guide Austria
(Fourth ed.). London: A & C Black Publishers Ltd. ISBN 978-0393320176.  Schulte-Peevers, Andrea (2007). Alison Coupe, ed. Michelin Green Guide Austria. London: Michelin Travel & Lifestyle. ISBN 978-2067123250. 

Further reading[edit]

Published in the 19th century

"Innsbruck", Southern Germany
and Austria
(2nd ed.), Coblenz: Karl Baedeker, 1871, OCLC 4090237 

Published in the 20th century

"Innsbruck", Guide through Germany, Austria-Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, France, Belgium, Holland, the United Kingdom, Spain, Portugal, &c (9th ed.), Berlin: J.H. Herz, 1908, OCLC 36795367  "Innsbruck", The Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1910, OCLC 14782424  "Innsbruck", Austria- Hungary
(11th ed.), Leipzig: Karl Baedeker, 1911 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Innsbruck.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Innsbruck.

 "Innsbruck". Encyclopædia Britannica. 14 (11th ed.). 1911.  Innsbruck.at – official site Innsbruck.info – Tourist Board tirolerabend.info – Tyrolean Evening Shows in Innsbruck IVB – Public Transport Official Site Innsbruck
Photos 2008 Collection of photograph of Hafelekar mountain above Innsbruck www.provinnsbruck.at – Community blog www.all-inn.at – Innsbruck

v t e

Principal cities of Austria

Bregenz Feldkirch Graz Innsbruck Klagenfurt Leoben Lienz Linz Salzburg Sankt Pölten Steyr Vienna Villach Wels Wiener Neustadt

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Cities and districts (Bezirke) of Tyrol




Imst Innsbruck-Land Kitzbühel Kufstein Landeck Lienz Reutte Schwaz

v t e

Administrative seats of Austrian states

Bregenz Eisenstadt Graz Innsbruck Klagenfurt Linz Salzburg Sankt Pölten Vienna

v t e

Winter Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games
host cities

1924: Chamonix 1928: St. Moritz 1932: Lake Placid 1936: Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1940: Cancelled due to World War II 1944: Cancelled due to World War II 1948: St. Moritz 1952: Oslo 1956: Cortina d'Ampezzo 1960: Squaw Valley 1964: Innsbruck 1968: Grenoble 1972: Sapporo 1976: Innsbruck 1980: Lake Placid 1984: Sarajevo 1988: Calgary 1992: Albertville 1994: Lillehammer 1998: Nagano 2002: Salt Lake City 2006: Turin 2010: Vancouver 2014: Sochi 2018: Pyeongchang 2022: Beijing 2026: TBD 2030: TBD

v t e

Winter Paralympic Games
Winter Paralympic Games
host cities

1976: Örnsköldsvik 1980: Geilo 1984: Innsbruck 1988: Innsbruck

1992: Albertville 1994: Lillehammer 1998: Nagano 2002: Salt Lake City

2006: Turin 2010: Vancouver 2014: Sochi 2018: PyeongChang

2022: Beijing

v t e

Youth Olympic Games
Youth Olympic Games
Host Cities

Summer Youth Olympics

2010: Singapore
• 2014: Nanjing
• 2018: Buenos Aires

Winter Youth Olympics

2012: Innsbruck
• 2016: Lillehammer

v t e

Four Hills Tournament


1953 1953–54 1954–55 1955–56 1956–57 1957–58 1958–59 1959–60 1960–61 1961–62 1962–63 1963–64 1964–65 1965–66 1966–67 1967–68 1968–69 1969–70 1970–71 1971–72 1972–73 1973–74 1974–75 1975–76 1976–77 1977–78 1978–79 1979–80 1980–81 1981–82 1982–83 1983–84 1984–85 1985–86 1986–87 1987–88 1988–89 1989–90 1990–91 1991–92 1992–93 1993–94 1994–95 1995–96 1996–97 1997–98 1998–99 1999–00 2000–01 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13 2013–14 2014–15 2015–16 2016–17 2017–18

Ski jumping hills

Schattenbergschanze (Oberstdorf) Große Olympiaschanze
Große Olympiaschanze
(Garmisch-Partenkirchen) Bergiselschanze
(Innsbruck) Paul-Ausserleitner-Schanze

International Ski Federation FIS Ski Jumping World Cup

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 131336603 LCCN: n79072777 GND: 4027096-8 BNF: cb11961873r (dat