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Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(Swedish pronunciation: [ˈɪŋrɪd bˈærjman] ( listen); 29 August 1915 – 29 August 1982) was a Swedish actress who starred in a variety of European and American films.[1] She won three Academy Awards, two Emmy Awards, four Golden Globe Awards, a BAFTA Award, and the Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Actress. She is best remembered for her roles as Ilsa Lund in Casablanca
Casablanca
(1942) and as Alicia Huberman in Notorious (1946), an Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
thriller starring Cary Grant
Cary Grant
and Claude Rains.[2] Bergman was born in Stockholm
Stockholm
to a Swedish father and a German mother and started her career as an actress in Swedish and German films in the 1930s. Her introduction to American audiences came with her starring role in the English-language remake of Intermezzo (1939). At her insistence, producer David O. Selznick
David O. Selznick
agreed not to sign her to a contract—for four films rather than the then-standard seven-year period, also at her insistence—until after Intermezzo had been released. Selznick's financial problems meant that Bergman was often loaned to other studios. Apart from Casablanca, her performances from this period include Victor Fleming's remake of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1941), For Whom the Bell Tolls
For Whom the Bell Tolls
(1943), Gaslight (1944), and The Bells of St. Mary's (1945). Her last films for Selznick were Alfred Hitchcock's Spellbound (1945) and Notorious (1946). Her final film for Hitchcock was Under Capricorn (1949). After a decade in American films, she starred in Roberto Rossellini's Stromboli
Stromboli
(1950), following the revelation that she was having an extramarital affair with the director. The affair and then marriage with Rossellini created a scandal in the U.S. that forced her to remain in Europe
Europe
for several years, after which she made a successful return to working for a Hollywood
Hollywood
studio in Anastasia (1956), for which she won her second Academy Award. Although she made many films for Hollywood
Hollywood
studios in subsequent years, they were all made in Europe
Europe
and she did not film in Hollywood
Hollywood
again until 1969. According to the St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, Bergman quickly became "the ideal of American womanhood" and a contender for Hollywood's greatest leading actress.[3] In the United States, she is considered to have brought a "Nordic freshness and vitality" to the screen, along with exceptional beauty and intelligence; David O. Selznick once called her "the most completely conscientious actress" he had ever worked with. In 1999, the American Film Institute
American Film Institute
ranked Bergman as the fourth-greatest female screen legend of classic American cinema.

Contents

1 Early years 2 Hollywood
Hollywood
period: 1939–49

2.1 Intermezzo: A Love Story (1939) 2.2 Casablanca
Casablanca
(1942) 2.3 For Whom the Bell Tolls
For Whom the Bell Tolls
(1943) 2.4 Gaslight (1944) 2.5 Hitchcock films 2.6 Joan of Arc (1948)

3 Italian period with Rossellini: 1949–57

3.1 Stromboli
Stromboli
and "neorealism"

4 Later years: 1957–82

4.1 Anastasia (1956) 4.2 Murder on the Orient Express (1974) 4.3 Autumn Sonata
Autumn Sonata
(1978) 4.4 A Woman Called Golda (1982)

5 Personal life 6 Death and legacy

6.1 Autobiography

7 Awards 8 Filmography 9 Notes 10 References 11 External links

Early years[edit]

Bergman at around the age of 16. The self-portrait was taken with her deceased father’s camera equipment.[4]

Bergman was born on 29 August 1915 in Stockholm, to a Swedish father, Justus Samuel Bergman (2 May 1871 – 29 July 1929),[5] and his German wife, Friedel Henrietta Augusta Louise (née Adler) Bergman (12 September 1884 – 19 January 1918), who was born in Kiel.[6][7] Her parents married in Hamburg
Hamburg
in 1907.[8] She was named after Princess Ingrid of Sweden. She mainly grew up in Sweden, but spent the summers in Germany, and spoke fluent German.[9] When she was two years old, her mother died. Her father, who was an artist and photographer, died when she was 13. In the years before he died, he wanted her to become an opera star, and had her take voice lessons for three years. But she always "knew from the beginning that she wanted to be an actress," sometimes wearing her mother's clothes and staging plays in her father's empty studio. Her father documented all her birthdays with a borrowed camera.[10]

Her first film, Munkbrogreven (1935), at age 19

After his death, she was sent to live with an aunt, who died of heart disease only six months later. She then moved in with her Aunt Hulda and Uncle Otto, who had five children. Another aunt she visited, Elsa Adler, whom Ingrid called "Mutti", reportedly told a family legend to the 11 year old, according to Charlotte Chandler's biography of Ingrid Bergman, that her mother may have had "some Jewish blood."[6]:294 One of Bergman's biographers, Aleksandra Ziolkowska-Boehm, however, believes the claim was likely an embellishment. After doing an in-depth genealogical investigation, Bergman's maternal cousin found no Jewish ancestry on Bergman's mother's side. Furthermore, an investigation of Bergman's ancestry in 1938 when she signed a contract with the German company Universum Film
Universum Film
found only non-Jewish ancestors.[11] Later, she received a scholarship to the state-sponsored Royal Dramatic Theatre School, where Greta Garbo
Greta Garbo
had some years earlier earned a similar scholarship. After several months she was given a part in a new play, Ett Brott (A Crime), written by Sigfrid Siwertz. Chandler notes that this was "totally against procedure" at the school, where girls were expected to complete three years of study before getting such acting roles.[6]:33 During her first summer break, she was also hired by a Swedish film studio, which led to her leaving the Royal Dramatic Theatre after just one year, to work in films full-time. Her first film role after leaving the Royal Dramatic Theatre was a small part in Munkbrogreven (1935), although she reportedly had previously been an extra in the 1932 film Landskamp). She went on to act in a dozen films in Sweden, including En kvinnas ansikte, which was later remade as A Woman's Face with Joan Crawford, and one film in Germany, Die vier Gesellen (The Four Companions) (1938). Hollywood
Hollywood
period: 1939–49[edit] Intermezzo: A Love Story (1939)[edit] Bergman's first acting role in the United States came when Hollywood producer David O. Selznick
David O. Selznick
brought her to America to star in Intermezzo: A Love Story (1939), an English language remake of her earlier Swedish film Intermezzo (1936). Unable to speak English and uncertain about her acceptance by the American audience, she expected to complete this one film and return home to Sweden. Her husband, Dr Petter Lindström, remained in Sweden
Sweden
with their daughter Pia (born 1938).[6]:63 In Intermezzo, she played the role of a young piano accompanist opposite Leslie Howard as a famous violin virtuoso. She arrived in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
on 6 May 1939, and stayed at the Selznick home until she could find another residence. According to Selznick's son, Danny, who was a child at the time, his father had a few concerns about Ingrid: "She didn't speak English, she was too tall, her name sounded too German, and her eyebrows were too thick." Bergman was soon accepted without having to modify her looks or name, despite some early suggestions by Selznick.[6]:6 "He let her have her way," notes a story in Life magazine. Selznick understood her fear of Hollywood
Hollywood
make-up artists, who might turn her into someone she wouldn't recognize, and "instructed them to lay off". He was also aware that her natural good looks would compete successfully with Hollywood's "synthetic razzle-dazzle".[10] During the following weeks, while Intermezzo was being filmed, Selznick was also filming Gone with the Wind. In a letter to William Hebert, his publicity director, Selznick described a few of his early impressions of Bergman:

Miss Bergman is the most completely conscientious actress with whom I have ever worked, in that she thinks of absolutely nothing but her work before and during the time she is doing a picture ... She practically never leaves the studio, and even suggested that her dressing room be equipped so that she could live here during the picture. She never for a minute suggests quitting at six o'clock or anything of the kind ... Because of having four stars acting in Gone with the Wind, our star dressing-room suites were all occupied and we had to assign her a smaller suite. She went into ecstasies over it and said she had never had such a suite in her life ... All of this is completely unaffected and completely unique and I should think would make a grand angle of approach to her publicity ... so that her natural sweetness and consideration and conscientiousness become something of a legend ... and is completely in keeping with the fresh and pure personality and appearance which caused me to sign her.[12]:135–136

With Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
in Casablanca

Intermezzo became an enormous success and as a result Bergman became a star. The film's director, Gregory Ratoff, said "She is sensational," as an actress. This was the "sentiment of the entire set," writes Life, adding that workmen would go out of their way to do things for her, and the cast and crew "admired the quick, alert concentration she gave to direction and to her lines."[10] Film historian David Thomson notes that this would become "the start of an astonishing impact on Hollywood
Hollywood
and America" where her lack of makeup contributed to an "air of nobility." According to Life, the impression that she left on Hollywood, after she returned to Sweden, was of a tall (5 ft. 9 in.) girl "with light brown hair and blue eyes who was painfully shy but friendly, with a warm, straight, quick smile."[10] Selznick appreciated her uniqueness, and with his wife Irene, they remained important friends throughout her career.[13]:76 Casablanca
Casablanca
(1942)[edit] After the onset of World War II, Bergman "felt guilty because she had so misjudged the situation in Germany" while she was there filming Die vier Gesellen (The Four Companions). According to one of her biographers, Charlotte Chandler (2007), she had at first considered the Nazis only a "temporary aberration, 'too foolish to be taken seriously.' She believed Germany
Germany
would not start a war." Bergman felt that "The good people there would not permit it." Chandler adds, "Ingrid felt guilty all the rest of her life because when she was in Germany
Germany
at the end of the war, she had been afraid to go with the others to witness the atrocities of the Nazi
Nazi
extermination camps."[6]:293–295 After completing one last film in Sweden
Sweden
and appearing in three moderately successful films (Adam Had Four Sons, Rage in Heaven
Rage in Heaven
and Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, all 1941) in the United States, Bergman co-starred with Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
in the classic film Casablanca
Casablanca
(1942), which remains her best-known role. In this film, she played the role of Ilsa, the beautiful Norwegian wife of Victor Laszlo, played by Paul Henreid, an "anti- Nazi
Nazi
underground hero" who is in Casablanca, a haven from the Nazis.[6] Bergman did not consider Casablanca
Casablanca
to be one of her favorite performances. "I made so many films which were more important, but the only one people ever want to talk about is that one with Bogart."[14] In later years, she stated, "I feel about Casablanca that it has a life of its own. There is something mystical about it. It seems to have filled a need, a need that was there before the film, a need that the film filled."[6]:88 For Whom the Bell Tolls
For Whom the Bell Tolls
(1943)[edit] After Casablanca, with "Selznick's steady boosting," she played the part of Maria in For Whom the Bell Tolls
For Whom the Bell Tolls
(1943), which was also her first color film. For the role she received her first Academy Award nomination for Best Actress. The film was taken from Ernest Hemingway's novel of the same title. When the book was sold to Paramount Pictures, Hemingway stated that "Miss Bergman, and no one else should play the part." His opinion came from seeing her in her first American role, Intermezzo, although he hadn't yet met her. A few weeks later, they did meet, and after studying her he said, "You are Maria!"[10] Gaslight (1944)[edit]

Publicity photo for film Gaslight (1944)

With Cary Grant
Cary Grant
in Notorious (1946)

The following year, she won the Academy Award for Best Actress
Academy Award for Best Actress
for Gaslight (1944), a film in which George Cukor
George Cukor
directed her as a "wife driven close to madness" by co-star Charles Boyer. The film, according to Thomson, "was the peak of her Hollywood
Hollywood
glory."[13]:77 Bergman next played a nun in The Bells of St. Mary's
The Bells of St. Mary's
(1945) opposite Bing Crosby, for which she received her third consecutive nomination for Best Actress. Hitchcock films[edit] Bergman starred in the Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
films Spellbound (1945), Notorious (1946), and Under Capricorn (1949). She was a student of the acting coach Michael Chekhov
Michael Chekhov
during the 1940s. Chekhov acted with Bergman in Spellbound and received his only Academy Award nomination for his performance.[15] Joan of Arc (1948)[edit] Bergman received another Best Actress nomination for Joan of Arc (1948), an independent film based on the Maxwell Anderson play Joan of Lorraine, produced by Walter Wanger, and initially released through RKO. Bergman had championed the role since her arrival in Hollywood, which was one of the reasons she had played it on the Broadway stage in Anderson's play. The film was not a big hit with the public, partly because of the scandal of Bergman's affair with Italian film director Roberto Rossellini, which broke while the film was still in theatres. Even worse, it received disastrous reviews, and although nominated for several Academy Awards, did not receive a Best Picture nomination. It was subsequently cut by 45 minutes, but restored to full length in 1998 and released in 2004 on DVD. Between motion pictures, Bergman had appeared in the stage plays Liliom, Anna Christie, and Joan of Lorraine. During a press conference in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
for the promotion of Joan of Lorraine, she protested against racial segregation after seeing it first hand at the theater she was acting in. This led to a lot of publicity and some hate mail. Bergman went to Alaska
Alaska
during World War II to entertain US Army troops. Soon after the war ended, she also went to Europe
Europe
for the same purpose, where she was able to see the devastation caused by the war.[citation needed] Italian period with Rossellini: 1949–57[edit]

In Fear (1954)

Bergman strongly admired two films by Italian director Roberto Rossellini that she had seen in the United States. In 1949, Bergman wrote to Rossellini, expressing this admiration and suggesting that she make a film with him. This led to her being cast in his film Stromboli
Stromboli
(1950). During production, Bergman fell in love with Rossellini, and they began an affair. Bergman became pregnant with their son, Renato Roberto Ranaldo Giusto Giuseppe ("Robin") Rossellini (born 2 February 1950).[16]:18 This affair caused a huge scandal in the United States, where it led to Bergman being denounced on the floor of the United States Senate. Ed Sullivan
Ed Sullivan
chose not to have her on his show, despite a poll indicating that the public wanted her to appear.[17] However, Steve Allen, whose show was equally popular, did have her as a guest, later explaining "the danger of trying to judge artistic activity through the prism of one's personal life."[17] Spoto notes that Bergman had, by virtue of her roles and screen persona, placed herself "above all that." She had played a nun in The Bells of St. Mary's
The Bells of St. Mary's
(1945) and a virgin saint in Joan of Arc (1948). Bergman later said, "People saw me in Joan of Arc and declared me a saint. I'm not. I'm just a woman, another human being."[18] As a result of the scandal, Bergman returned to Italy, leaving her husband and daughter (Pia). She went through a publicized divorce and custody battle for their daughter. Bergman and Rossellini were married on 24 May 1950.[19] In addition to Renato, they had twin daughters (born 18 June 1952): Isabella Rossellini, who became an actress and model, and Isotta Ingrid Rossellini, who became a professor of Italian literature. Stromboli
Stromboli
and "neorealism"[edit]

With husband Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
in 1951

Rossellini completed five films starring Bergman between 1949 and 1955: Stromboli, Europa '51, Viaggio in Italia, Giovanna d'Arco al rogo, and La Paura (Fear). Rossellini directed her in a brief segment of his 1953 documentary film, Siamo donne (We, the Women), which was devoted to film actresses.[16]:18 His biographer Peter Bondanella notes that problems with communication during their marriage may have inspired his films' central themes of "solitude, grace and spirituality in a world without moral values."[16]:19

Memorial plaque on the house in Stromboli
Stromboli
where Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
and Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
lived during filming of "Stromboli" in 1949

Rossellini's use of a Hollywood
Hollywood
star in his typically "neorealist" films, in which he normally used non-professional actors, did provoke some negative reactions in certain circles. In Bergman's first film with Rossellini, her character was "defying audience expectations" in that the director preferred to work without a script, forcing Bergman to act "inspired by reality while she worked, a style which Bondanella calls 'a new cinema of psychological introspection'".[16]:98 Bergman was aware of Rossellini's directing style before filming, as the director had earlier written to her explaining that he worked from "a few basic ideas, developing them little by little" as a film progressed.[16]:19 After separating from Rossellini, Bergman starred in Jean Renoir's Elena and Her Men
Elena and Her Men
(Elena et les Hommes, 1956), a romantic comedy in which she played a Polish princess caught up in political intrigue. Although the film was not a success, her performance in it has since come to be regarded as one of her best. Later years: 1957–82[edit] Anastasia (1956)[edit]

With Mel Ferrer
Mel Ferrer
in Elena and Her Men
Elena and Her Men
(1957).

With her starring role in 1956's Anastasia (1956), Bergman made a triumphant return to working for a Hollywood
Hollywood
studio (albeit in a film produced in Europe) and won the Academy Award for Best Actress
Academy Award for Best Actress
for a second time. Its director, Anatole Litvak, described her as "one of the greatest actresses in the world." He also offered his description of her at the time:

Ingrid looks better now than she ever did. She's 42, but she looks divine. She is a simple, straightforward human being. Through all her troubles she held to the conviction that she had been true to herself and it made her quite a person. She is happy in her new marriage, her three children by Rossellini are beautiful, and she adores them.[20]

Bergman made her first post-scandal public appearance in Hollywood
Hollywood
in the 1958 Academy Awards, when she was the presenter of the Academy Award for Best Picture.[21] She was given a standing ovation after being introduced by Cary Grant
Cary Grant
as she walked out onto the stage to present the award. She continued to alternate between performances in American and European films for the rest of her career and also made occasional appearances in television dramas such as The Turn of the Screw (1959) for the Ford Startime TV series—for which she won the Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress. During this time, she performed in several stage plays. She married producer Lars Schmidt, a fellow Swede, on 21 December 1958. This marriage ended in divorce in 1975. Schmidt died on 18 October 2009. After a long hiatus, Bergman made the film Cactus Flower (1969), with Walter Matthau
Walter Matthau
and Goldie Hawn. In 1972, U.S. Senator Charles H. Percy entered an apology into the Congressional Record
Congressional Record
for the attack made on Bergman 22 years earlier by Edwin C. Johnson. Bergman was the President of the Jury at the 1973 Cannes Film Festival.[22] Murder on the Orient Express (1974)[edit] Bergman became one of the few actresses ever to receive three Oscars when she won her third (and first in the category of Best Supporting Actress) for her performance in Murder on the Orient Express (1974). Director Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
offered Bergman the important part of Princess Dragomiroff, with which he felt she could win an Oscar. She insisted on playing the much smaller role of Greta Ohlsson, the old Swedish missionary. Lumet discussed Bergman's role:

She had chosen a very small part, and I couldn't persuade her to change her mind. She was sweetly stubborn. But stubborn she was... Since her part was so small, I decided to film her one big scene, where she talks for almost five minutes, straight, all in one long take. A lot of actresses would have hesitated over that. She loved the idea and made the most of it. She ran the gamut of emotions. I've never seen anything like it.[6]:246–247

Bergman could speak Swedish (her native language), German (her second language, learned from her German mother and in school), English (learned when brought over to the United States), Italian (learned while living in Italy)[23] and French (her third language, learned in school). She acted in each of these languages at various times. Fellow actor John Gielgud, who had acted with her in Murder on the Orient Express and who had directed her in the play The Constant Wife, playfully commented: "She speaks five languages and can't act in any of them."[24] (This is from a Dorothy Parker
Dorothy Parker
quote which became a snowclone, "That woman speaks eighteen languages, and can't say 'No' in any of them.") Although known chiefly as a film star, Bergman strongly admired the great English stage actors and their craft. She had the opportunity to appear in London's West End, working with such stage stars as Michael Redgrave in A Month in the Country (1965), Sir John Gielgud
John Gielgud
in The Constant Wife (1973) and Wendy Hiller
Wendy Hiller
in Waters of the Moon (1977–78).[citation needed] Autumn Sonata
Autumn Sonata
(1978)[edit] In 1978, Bergman played in Ingmar Bergman's Autumn Sonata (Höstsonaten) for which she received her 7th Academy Award nomination. This was her final performance on the big screen. In the film, Bergman plays a celebrity pianist who travels to Norway
Norway
to visit her neglected daughter, played by Liv Ullmann. The film was shot in Norway. In 1979, Bergman hosted the AFI's Life Achievement Award Ceremony for Alfred Hitchcock. A Woman Called Golda (1982)[edit] She was offered the starring role in a television mini-series, A Woman Called Golda (1982), about the late Israeli prime minister Golda Meir. It was to be her final acting role and she was honored posthumously with a second Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Best Actress. Her daughter, Isabella, described Bergman's surprise at being offered the part and the producer trying to explain to her, "People believe you and trust you, and this is what I want, because Golda Meir
Golda Meir
had the trust of the people." Isabella adds, "Now that was interesting to Mother." She was also persuaded that Golda was a "grand-scale person," one that people would assume was much taller than she actually was. Chandler notes that the role "also had a special significance for her, as during World War II, Ingrid felt guilty because she had so misjudged the situation in Germany."[6]:293 According to Chandler, "Ingrid's rapidly deteriorating health was a more serious problem. Insurance for Bergman was impossible. Not only did she have cancer, but it was spreading, and if anyone had known how bad it was, no one would have gone on with the project." After viewing the series on TV, Isabella commented,

She never showed herself like that in life. In life, Mum showed courage. She was always a little vulnerable, courageous, but vulnerable. Mother had a sort of presence, like Golda, I was surprised to see it ... When I saw her performance, I saw a mother that I'd never seen before—this woman with balls.[6]:290

Bergman was frequently ill during the filming although she rarely complained or showed it. Four months after the filming was completed, she died, on her 67th birthday. After her death, her daughter Pia accepted her Emmy.[6]:296 Personal life[edit] In 1937, at the age of 21, Bergman married dentist Petter Aron Lindström (later to become a neurosurgeon); the couple had a daughter, Friedel Pia Lindström (born 20 September 1938). After returning to the United States in 1940, she acted on Broadway before continuing to do films in Hollywood. The following year, her husband arrived from Sweden
Sweden
with daughter Pia. Lindström stayed in Rochester, New York, where he studied medicine and surgery at the University of Rochester. Bergman would travel to New York and stay at their small rented stucco house between films, her visits lasting from a few days to four months. According to an article in Life magazine, the "doctor regards himself as the undisputed head of the family, an idea that Ingrid accepts cheerfully." He insisted she draw the line between her film and personal life, as he has a "professional dislike for being associated with the tinseled glamor of Hollywood." Lindström later moved to San Francisco, California, where he completed his internship at a private hospital, and they continued to spend time together when she could travel between filming.[10] Bergman returned to Europe
Europe
after the scandalous publicity surrounding her affair with Italian director Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
during the filming of Stromboli
Stromboli
in 1950. In the same month the film was released, she gave birth to a boy, Roberto Ingmar Rossellini (born 2 February 1950). A week after her son was born, she divorced Lindström and married Rossellini in Mexico. On 18 June 1952 she gave birth to the twin daughters Isotta Ingrid Rossellini and Isabella Rossellini. In 1957 Rossellini had an affair with Sonali Das Gupta. Soon after, Bergman and Rossellini separated. Rossellini later married Sonali Das Gupta in 1957.[25][26] Ingrid would marry Lars Schmidt in 1958, a theatrical entrepreneur from a wealthy Swedish shipping family. Curiously, while vacationing with Lars in Monte Gordo beach (Algarve region, Portugal) in 1963, right after recording the TV movie "Hedda Gabler", Ingrid got ticketed for wearing a bikini that showed too much according to the modesty standards of conservative Portugal. After almost two decades of marriage, Ingrid and Lars divorced in 1975.[citation needed] During her marriage with Lindström, Bergman had a brief affair with Spellbound costar Gregory Peck.[27] Unlike the affair with Rossellini, that with Peck was kept private until he confessed it to Brad Darrach of People in an interview five years after Bergman's death. Peck said, “All I can say is that I had a real love for her (Bergman), and I think that’s where I ought to stop…. I was young. She was young. We were involved for weeks in close and intense work.”[28][29][30] Bergman was a Lutheran[31] once saying of herself, "I’m tall, Swedish and Lutheran"[32]. Death and legacy[edit]

Ingrid Bergman's grave at Norra Begravningsplatsen

Bergman died on 29 August 1982 at 12:00 AM, her 67th birthday, in London, of breast cancer. Her body was cremated at Kensal Green Cemetery, London, and her ashes taken to Sweden. Most of them were scattered in the sea around the islet of Dannholmen off the fishing village of Fjällbacka
Fjällbacka
in Bohuslän, on the west coast of Sweden, where she spent most of the summers from 1958 until her death in 1982. The rest were placed next to her parents' ashes in Norra Begravningsplatsen (Northern Cemetery), Stockholm, Sweden. According to biographer Donald Spoto, she was "arguably the most international star in the history of entertainment." After her American film debut in the film Intermezzo: A Love Story (1939), co-starring Leslie Howard, Hollywood
Hollywood
saw her as a unique actress who was completely natural in style and without need of makeup. Film critic James Agee
James Agee
wrote that she "not only bears a startling resemblance to an imaginable human being; she really knows how to act, in a blend of poetic grace with quiet realism."[3] According to film historian David Thomson, she "always strove to be a 'true' woman", and many filmgoers identified with her:

There was a time in the early and mid-1940s when Bergman commanded a kind of love in America that has been hardly ever matched. In turn, it was the strength of that affection that animated the "scandal" when she behaved like an impetuous and ambitious actress instead of a saint.[13]:76

Writing about her first years in Hollywood, Life magazine stated that "All Bergman vehicles are blessed," and "they all go speedily and happily, with no temperament from the leading lady."[10] She was "completely pleased" with her early career's management by David O. Selznick, who always found excellent dramatic roles for her to play, and equally satisfied with her salary, once saying, "I am an actress and I am interested in acting, not in making money." Life adds that "she has greater versatility than any actress on the American screen ... her roles have demanded an adaptability and sensitiveness of characterization to which few actresses could rise."[10] She continued her acting career while suffering from cancer for eight years, and won international honors for her final roles. "Her spirit triumphed with remarkable grace and courage," adds Spoto.[18] Director George Cukor
George Cukor
once summed up her contributions to the film media when he said to her, "Do you know what I especially love about you, Ingrid, my dear? I can sum it up as your naturalness. The camera loves your beauty, your acting, and your individuality. A star must have individuality. It makes you a great star. A great star."[6]:11 In 1960, Bergman was inducted into the Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame with a motion pictures star located at 6759 Hollywood
Hollywood
Boulevard.[33] Woody Guthrie
Woody Guthrie
wrote the erotic song "Ingrid Bergman", which references Bergman's relationship with Roberto Rosselini
Roberto Rosselini
on the film Stromboli. It was never recorded by Guthrie but, when later found in the Woody Guthrie archives, it was set to music, and recorded, by Billy Bragg
Billy Bragg
on the album Mermaid Avenue.[34] In March 2015, a picture of Bergman photographed by David Seymour was chosen for the main poster for the 2015 Cannes Film Festival. A documentary titled Ingrid Bergman: In Her Own Words was also screened at the festival.[35] Autobiography[edit]

Scene from Casablanca, with co-star Humphrey Bogart

In 1980, Bergman's autobiography was published under the title Ingrid Bergman: My Story. It was written with the help of Alan Burgess, and in it she discusses her childhood, her early career, her life during her time in Hollywood, the Rossellini scandal, and subsequent events. The book was written after her children warned her that she would only be known through rumors and interviews if she did not tell her own story. It was through this autobiography that her affair with Robert Capa became known. Awards[edit] Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Ingrid Bergman Bergman won three Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for acting, two for Best Actress and one for Best Supporting Actress. She ranks tied for second place in terms of Oscars won, with Walter Brennan
Walter Brennan
(all three for Best Supporting Actor), Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(two for Best Actor and one for Best Supporting Actor), Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(two for Best Actress and one for Best Supporting Actress), and Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(all three for Best Actor). Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
still holds the record with four (all for Best Actress).

Year Title of Project Award

1943 For Whom the Bell Tolls Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actress

1944 Gaslight Academy Award for Best Actress Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress in a Leading Role Nominated — New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress

1945 The Bells of St. Mary's Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress in a Leading Role New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress (also for Spellbound) Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actress

Spellbound New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress (also for The Bells of St. Mary's)

1947 Joan of Lorraine Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Actress in a Play (tied with Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
for Happy Birthday)

1949 Joan of Arc Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actress Nominated — Bambi Award
Bambi Award
for Best Actress — International

1950 Stromboli Nastro d'Argento Award for Best Foreign Actress

1952 Europe
Europe
'51 Nastro d'Argento Award for Best Actress

1956 Anastasia Academy Award for Best Actress David di Donatello
David di Donatello
Award for Best Foreign Actress Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress in a Motion Picture Drama New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress

1958 The Inn of the Sixth Happiness National Board of Review Award for Best Actress Nominated — BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
for Best Foreign Actress Nominated — Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress in a Motion Picture Drama

Indiscreet Nominated — Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy

1959 Startime Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress

1961 Twenty Hours in a Woman's Life Nominated — Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress

1970 Cactus Flower Nominated — Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy

1974 Murder on the Orient Express Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
for Best Actress in a Supporting Role

1978 Autumn Sonata David di Donatello
David di Donatello
Award for Best Foreign Actress National Board of Review Award for Best Actress National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actress Nominated — Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress in a Motion Picture Drama Nominated — Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress

1982 A Woman Called Golda Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie

Filmography[edit] Main article: Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
performances Notes[edit]

^ Obituary Variety, 1 September 1982. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Stars". American Film Institute. Archived from the original on 20 October 2006. Retrieved 23 October 2006.  ^ a b St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, St. James Press, Gale Publishing (2000) ^ "Ingrid Bergman: a life in pictures". The Guardian. 15 July 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2017.  ^ "The Official Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
Web Site". ingridbergman.com. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Chandler, Charlotte (2007). Ingrid: Ingrid Bergman, A Personal Biography. New York: Simon & Schuster. pp. 19, 21, 294. ISBN 0-7432-9421-1.  ^ Ziolkowska-Boehm, Aleksandra (28 August 2013). " Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
and her American Relatives". ISBN 9780761861515.  ^ Standesamt Hamburg
Hamburg
3, 1907 No. 173 ^ Arne Lunde, Nordic Exposures: Scandinavian Identities in Classical Hollywood
Hollywood
Cinema, p. 157, University of Washington Press, 2011, ISBN 9780295800844 ^ a b c d e f g h Carlile, Thomas, and Speiser, Jean. Life Magazine, 26 July 1943, pp. 98–104 ^ "Ingrid Bergman's Lifelong Love Affair With the Jews". forward.com. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ Selznick, David O. Memo from David O. Selznick," Selected and edited by Rudy Behlmer, Viking Press (1972), in letter dated 22 June 1939 ^ a b c Thomson, David. The New Biographical Dictionary of Film, Alfred A. Knopf, N.Y. (2002) ^ The Official Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
Website. ^ Adam J. Ledger. "Michael Chekhov". Literary Encyclopedia. The Literary Dictionary Company Limited. Retrieved 6 March 2007.  ^ a b c d e Bondanella, Peter E. The Films of Robert Rossellini", Cambridge University Press (1993) ^ a b "Steve Allen: The Mike Wallace Interview". Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin. 7 July 1957. Retrieved 5 November 2015.  ^ a b Spoto, Donald. Notorious: The Life of Ingrid Bergman, HarperCollins (1997), p.300 ^ Smit, David (2012-10-12). Ingrid Bergman: The Life, Career and Public Image. McFarland. ISBN 9781476600598.  ^ "Is Ingrid the Greatest?", The Indianapolis Star, July 16, 1961 ^ Gary Moody. "All the Oscars: 1958". OscarSite.com – A celebration of all things Oscar. Retrieved 10 December 2006.  ^ " Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
profile". Cannes Film Festival. Archived from the original on 12 March 2006. Retrieved 23 October 2006.  ^ Leamer, Laurence (1986). As Time Goes By: The Life of Ingrid Bergman. Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-015485-3.  ^ "The Punch Line". Las Vegas Review-Journal. 26 August 2002. Retrieved 22 October 2006.  ^ "The Girl Who Turned Rossellini's Head - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-12-10.  ^ "The Telegraph - Calcutta (Kolkata) - 7days - The scandal that rocked Calcutta". www.telegraphindia.com.  ^ Haney, Lynn (2009). Gregory Peck: A Charmed Life. De Capo Press. ISBN 9780786737819.  ^ Fishgall, Gary (2002). "Gregory Peck: A Biography". ISBN 9780684852904.  ^ Smit, David (2012). "Ingrid Bergman: The Life, Career and Public Image". ISBN 9780786472260.  ^ Darrach, Brad (15 June 1987). "Gregory Peck". People. Retrieved 5 October 2015.  ^ Carter, Grace May (24 November 2016). "Ingrid Bergman". New Word City – via Google Books.  ^ "A Profile in Courage, Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
Plays Golda While Battling Cancer".  ^ " Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame - Ingrid Bergman". walkoffame.com. Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved November 16, 2017.  ^ Anna, Canoni. "Woody Guthrie's daughter". Interview.  ^ "It's poster time at the Festival de Cannes!". Cannes. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 

References[edit]

Bergman, Ingrid; Burgess, Alan (1980). Ingrid Bergman: My Story. New York: Delacorte Press. ISBN 0-440-03299-7.  Chandler, Charlotte (2007). Ingrid: Ingrid Bergman, A Personal Biography. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-9421-1.  Leamer, Laurence (1986). As Time Goes By: The Life of Ingrid Bergman. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-015485-3.  Dagrada, Elena (2008). Le Varianti Trasparenti. I Film con Ingrid Bergman di Roberto Rossellini. Milano: LED Edizioni Universitarie. ISBN 978-88-7916-410-8.  Ziolkowska-Boehm, Aleksandra (2013). Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
prywatnie. Warsaw: Proszynski. ISBN 978-83-7839-518-8.  Ziolkowska-Boehm, Aleksandra (2013). Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
and her American Relatives. Lanham, MD: Hamilton Books. ISBN 978-0-7618-6150-8. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ingrid Bergman.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Ingrid Bergman

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
at Encyclopædia Britannica Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
at the TCM Movie Database Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
on IMDb TCM Confidential: Ingrid Bergman Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
site run by CMG Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
Collection at Wesleyan University Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
site run by Schirmer/Mosel Publishers Munich 1943 New York Times Interview Trailer from Isabella Rossellini's Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
A Life in Pictures Photos of Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
in Spellbound by Ned Scott Remembering Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
at 100, August, 2015

Awards for Ingrid Bergman

v t e

Academy Award for Best Actress

1928–1950

Janet Gaynor
Janet Gaynor
(1928) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1929) Norma Shearer
Norma Shearer
(1930) Marie Dressler
Marie Dressler
(1931) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1932) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1933) Claudette Colbert
Claudette Colbert
(1934) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1935) Luise Rainer
Luise Rainer
(1936) Luise Rainer
Luise Rainer
(1937) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1938) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1939) Ginger Rogers
Ginger Rogers
(1940) Joan Fontaine
Joan Fontaine
(1941) Greer Garson
Greer Garson
(1942) Jennifer Jones
Jennifer Jones
(1943) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1944) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1945) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1946) Loretta Young
Loretta Young
(1947) Jane Wyman
Jane Wyman
(1948) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1949) Judy Holliday
Judy Holliday
(1950)

1951–1975

Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1951) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1952) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1953) Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1954) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1955) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1956) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1957) Susan Hayward
Susan Hayward
(1958) Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1959) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1960) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1961) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1962) Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
(1963) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1964) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1965) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1966) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1967) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
/ Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1968) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1969) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1970) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1971) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1972) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1973) Ellen Burstyn
Ellen Burstyn
(1974) Louise Fletcher
Louise Fletcher
(1975)

1976–2000

Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
(1976) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1977) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1978) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1979) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(1980) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1981) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1982) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1983) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1984) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1985) Marlee Matlin
Marlee Matlin
(1986) Cher
Cher
(1987) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1988) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1989) Kathy Bates
Kathy Bates
(1990) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1991) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1994) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1995) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(1996) Helen Hunt
Helen Hunt
(1997) Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
(1998) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(1999) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2000)

2001–present

Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2001) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2002) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2003) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(2004) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2007) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2008) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2009) Natalie Portman
Natalie Portman
(2010) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2011) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2012) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2013) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2014) Brie Larson
Brie Larson
(2015) Emma Stone
Emma Stone
(2016) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2017)

v t e

Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress

1936–1950

Gale Sondergaard
Gale Sondergaard
(1936) Alice Brady
Alice Brady
(1937) Fay Bainter
Fay Bainter
(1938) Hattie McDaniel
Hattie McDaniel
(1939) Jane Darwell
Jane Darwell
(1940) Mary Astor
Mary Astor
(1941) Teresa Wright
Teresa Wright
(1942) Katina Paxinou
Katina Paxinou
(1943) Ethel Barrymore
Ethel Barrymore
(1944) Anne Revere
Anne Revere
(1945) Anne Baxter
Anne Baxter
(1946) Celeste Holm
Celeste Holm
(1947) Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
(1948) Mercedes McCambridge
Mercedes McCambridge
(1949) Josephine Hull (1950)

1951–1975

Kim Hunter
Kim Hunter
(1951) Gloria Grahame
Gloria Grahame
(1952) Donna Reed
Donna Reed
(1953) Eva Marie Saint
Eva Marie Saint
(1954) Jo Van Fleet
Jo Van Fleet
(1955) Dorothy Malone
Dorothy Malone
(1956) Miyoshi Umeki
Miyoshi Umeki
(1957) Wendy Hiller
Wendy Hiller
(1958) Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters
(1959) Shirley Jones
Shirley Jones
(1960) Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1961) Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1962) Margaret Rutherford
Margaret Rutherford
(1963) Lila Kedrova
Lila Kedrova
(1964) Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters
(1965) Sandy Dennis (1966) Estelle Parsons
Estelle Parsons
(1967) Ruth Gordon
Ruth Gordon
(1968) Goldie Hawn
Goldie Hawn
(1969) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1970) Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1971) Eileen Heckart (1972) Tatum O'Neal
Tatum O'Neal
(1973) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1974) Lee Grant
Lee Grant
(1975)

1976–2000

Beatrice Straight (1976) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1977) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1978) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1979) Mary Steenburgen
Mary Steenburgen
(1980) Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1981) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1982) Linda Hunt
Linda Hunt
(1983) Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1984) Anjelica Huston
Anjelica Huston
(1985) Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1986) Olympia Dukakis
Olympia Dukakis
(1987) Geena Davis
Geena Davis
(1988) Brenda Fricker
Brenda Fricker
(1989) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1990) Mercedes Ruehl
Mercedes Ruehl
(1991) Marisa Tomei
Marisa Tomei
(1992) Anna Paquin
Anna Paquin
(1993) Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1994) Mira Sorvino
Mira Sorvino
(1995) Juliette Binoche
Juliette Binoche
(1996) Kim Basinger
Kim Basinger
(1997) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(1998) Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
(1999) Marcia Gay Harden
Marcia Gay Harden
(2000)

2001–present

Jennifer Connelly
Jennifer Connelly
(2001) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2002) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2003) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2004) Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2005) Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
(2006) Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
(2007) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2008) Mo'Nique
Mo'Nique
(2009) Melissa Leo
Melissa Leo
(2010) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2011) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2012) Lupita Nyong'o
Lupita Nyong'o
(2013) Patricia Arquette
Patricia Arquette
(2014) Alicia Vikander
Alicia Vikander
(2015) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2016) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
for Best Actress in a Supporting Role

Billie Whitelaw
Billie Whitelaw
(1968) Celia Johnson
Celia Johnson
(1969) Susannah York
Susannah York
(1970) Margaret Leighton
Margaret Leighton
(1971) Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1972) Valentina Cortese
Valentina Cortese
(1973) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1974) Diane Ladd
Diane Ladd
(1975) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1976) Jenny Agutter (1977) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1978) Rachel Roberts (1979) Rohini Hattangadi
Rohini Hattangadi
/ Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1982) Jamie Lee Curtis
Jamie Lee Curtis
(1983) Liz Smith (1984) Rosanna Arquette
Rosanna Arquette
(1985) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(1986) Susan Wooldridge (1987) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(1988) Michelle Pfeiffer
Michelle Pfeiffer
(1989) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1990) Kate Nelligan (1991) Miranda Richardson
Miranda Richardson
(1992) Miriam Margolyes
Miriam Margolyes
(1993) Kristin Scott Thomas
Kristin Scott Thomas
(1994) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(1995) Juliette Binoche
Juliette Binoche
(1996) Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
(1997) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(1998) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1999) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(2000) Jennifer Connelly
Jennifer Connelly
(2001) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2002) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2003) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2004) Thandie Newton
Thandie Newton
(2005) Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
(2006) Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
(2007) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2008) Mo'Nique
Mo'Nique
(2009) Helena Bonham Carter
Helena Bonham Carter
(2010) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2011) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2012) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2013) Patricia Arquette
Patricia Arquette
(2014) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2015) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2016) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2017)

v t e

David di Donatello
David di Donatello
Award for Best Foreign Actress

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1957) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1959) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1960) Brigitte Bardot
Brigitte Bardot
(1961) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1962) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1963) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1964) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1965) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1966) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
/ Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1967) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
/ Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1968) Mia Farrow
Mia Farrow
/ Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1969) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1970) Ali MacGraw
Ali MacGraw
(1971) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1972) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1973) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
/ Tatum O'Neal
Tatum O'Neal
(1974) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1975) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
/ Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1976) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
/ Annie Girardot
Annie Girardot
(1977) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
/ Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1978) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
/ Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1979) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(1980) Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(1981) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1982) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1983) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1984) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1985) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1986) Norma Aleandro
Norma Aleandro
(1987) Cher
Cher
(1988) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1989) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1990) Anne Parillaud
Anne Parillaud
(1991) Geena Davis
Geena Davis
/ Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1992) Emmanuelle Béart
Emmanuelle Béart
/ Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
/ Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1993) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1994) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1995) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1996)

v t e

Drama League's Distinguished Performance Award

Katharine Cornell
Katharine Cornell
(1935) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1936) Maurice Evans (1937) Cedric Hardwicke
Cedric Hardwicke
(1938) Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
(1939) Paul Muni
Paul Muni
(1940) Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas
(1941) Judith Evelyn
Judith Evelyn
(1942) Alfred Lunt
Alfred Lunt
(1943) Lynn Fontanne
Lynn Fontanne
(1944) Mady Christians
Mady Christians
(1945) Louis Calhern
Louis Calhern
(1946) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1947) Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
(1948) Robert Morley
Robert Morley
(1949) Grace George
Grace George
(1950) Claude Rains
Claude Rains
(1951) Julie Harris (1952) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1953) Josephine Hull (1954) Viveca Lindfors
Viveca Lindfors
(1955) David Wayne
David Wayne
(1956) Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(1957) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1958) Cyril Ritchard
Cyril Ritchard
(1959) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1960) Hume Cronyn
Hume Cronyn
(1961) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1962) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
(1963) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1964) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1965) Richard Kiley
Richard Kiley
(1966) Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1967) Zoe Caldwell (1968) Alec McCowen
Alec McCowen
(1969) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1970) Anthony Quayle
Anthony Quayle
(1971) Eileen Atkins / Claire Bloom
Claire Bloom
(1972) Alan Bates
Alan Bates
(1973) Christopher Plummer
Christopher Plummer
(1974) John Wood (1975) Eva Le Gallienne
Eva Le Gallienne
(1976) Tom Courtenay
Tom Courtenay
(1977) Frank Langella
Frank Langella
(1978) Frances Sternhagen
Frances Sternhagen
(1979) Roy Scheider
Roy Scheider
(1980) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(1981) Milo O'Shea
Milo O'Shea
(1982) Edward Herrmann
Edward Herrmann
/ Kate Nelligan (1983) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1984) Derek Jacobi
Derek Jacobi
(1985) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1986) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
(1987) John Lithgow
John Lithgow
(1988) Pauline Collins
Pauline Collins
(1989) Robert Morse
Robert Morse
(1990) Stockard Channing
Stockard Channing
(1991) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1992) Stephen Rea
Stephen Rea
(1993) Sam Waterston
Sam Waterston
(1994) Cherry Jones
Cherry Jones
(1995) Uta Hagen
Uta Hagen
(1996) Charles Durning
Charles Durning
/ Bebe Neuwirth
Bebe Neuwirth
(1997) Brian Stokes Mitchell
Brian Stokes Mitchell
(1998) Kathleen Chalfant (1999) Eileen Heckart (2000) Mary-Louise Parker
Mary-Louise Parker
/ Gary Sinise
Gary Sinise
(2001) Liam Neeson
Liam Neeson
(2002) Harvey Fierstein
Harvey Fierstein
(2003) Hugh Jackman
Hugh Jackman
(2004) Norbert Leo Butz
Norbert Leo Butz
(2005) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2006) Liev Schreiber
Liev Schreiber
(2007) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(2008) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(2009) Alfred Molina
Alfred Molina
(2010) Mark Rylance
Mark Rylance
(2011) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2012) Nathan Lane
Nathan Lane
(2013) Neil Patrick Harris
Neil Patrick Harris
(2014) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(2015) Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Ben Platt (2017)

v t e

Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie

Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
(1954) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1955) Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
(1956) Polly Bergen
Polly Bergen
(1957) Julie Harris (1959) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1960) Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
(1961) Julie Harris (1962) Kim Stanley
Kim Stanley
(1963) Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters
(1964) Lynn Fontanne
Lynn Fontanne
(1965) Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1966) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1967) Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1968) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1969) Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1970) Lee Grant
Lee Grant
(1971) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1972) Susan Hampshire
Susan Hampshire
/ Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1973) Cicely Tyson
Cicely Tyson
/ Mildred Natwick
Mildred Natwick
(1974) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
/ Jessica Walter
Jessica Walter
(1975) Susan Clark
Susan Clark
/ Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1976) Sally Field
Sally Field
/ Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1977) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
/ Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1978) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1979) Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1980) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1981) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1982) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1983) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1984) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1985) Marlo Thomas
Marlo Thomas
(1986) Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(1987) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1988) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1989) Barbara Hershey
Barbara Hershey
(1990) Lynn Whitfield
Lynn Whitfield
(1991) Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Kirstie Alley
Kirstie Alley
(1994) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1995) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(1996) Alfre Woodard
Alfre Woodard
(1997) Ellen Barkin
Ellen Barkin
(1998) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(1999) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2000) Judy Davis
Judy Davis
(2001) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2002) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2004) S. Epatha Merkerson
S. Epatha Merkerson
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2007) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2008) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2009) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2010) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2011) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2012) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2013) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2014) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2015) Sarah Paulson
Sarah Paulson
(2016) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama

Jennifer Jones
Jennifer Jones
(1943) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1944) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1945) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1946) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1947) Jane Wyman
Jane Wyman
(1948) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1949) Gloria Swanson
Gloria Swanson
(1950) Jane Wyman
Jane Wyman
(1951) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1952) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1953) Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1954) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1955) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1956) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1957) Susan Hayward
Susan Hayward
(1958) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1959) Greer Garson
Greer Garson
(1960) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1961) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1962) Leslie Caron
Leslie Caron
(1963) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1964) Samantha Eggar
Samantha Eggar
(1965) Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
(1966) Edith Evans
Edith Evans
(1967) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1968) Geneviève Bujold
Geneviève Bujold
(1969) Ali MacGraw
Ali MacGraw
(1970) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1971) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1972) Marsha Mason
Marsha Mason
(1973) Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(1974) Louise Fletcher
Louise Fletcher
(1975) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
(1976) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1977) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1978) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1979) Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
(1980) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1981) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1982) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1983) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1984) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1985) Marlee Matlin
Marlee Matlin
(1986) Sally Kirkland
Sally Kirkland
(1987) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
/ Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
/ Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
(1988) Michelle Pfeiffer
Michelle Pfeiffer
(1989) Kathy Bates
Kathy Bates
(1990) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1991) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1994) Sharon Stone
Sharon Stone
(1995) Brenda Blethyn
Brenda Blethyn
(1996) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(1997) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(1998) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(1999) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2000) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(2001) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2002) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2003) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(2004) Felicity Huffman
Felicity Huffman
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(2007) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2008) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2009) Natalie Portman
Natalie Portman
(2010) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2011) Jessica Chastain
Jessica Chastain
(2012) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2013) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2014) Brie Larson
Brie Larson
(2015) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2016) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film

Jane Seymour (1981) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1982) Ann-Margret
Ann-Margret
(1983) Ann-Margret
Ann-Margret
(1984) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1985) Loretta Young
Loretta Young
(1986) Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(1987) Ann Jillian
Ann Jillian
(1988) Christine Lahti
Christine Lahti
(1989) Barbara Hershey
Barbara Hershey
(1990) Judy Davis
Judy Davis
(1991) Laura Dern
Laura Dern
(1992) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1993) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1994) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1995) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(1996) Alfre Woodard
Alfre Woodard
(1997) Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
(1998) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(1999) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2000) Judy Davis
Judy Davis
(2001) Uma Thurman
Uma Thurman
(2002) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2003) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(2004) S. Epatha Merkerson
S. Epatha Merkerson
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Queen Latifah
Queen Latifah
(2007) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2008) Drew Barrymore
Drew Barrymore
(2009) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2010) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2011) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2012) Elisabeth Moss
Elisabeth Moss
(2013) Maggie Gyllenhaal
Maggie Gyllenhaal
(2014) Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga
(2015) Sarah Paulson
Sarah Paulson
(2016) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2017)

v t e

Honorary César

1976–2000

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1976) Diana Ross
Diana Ross
(1976) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
(1977) Jacques Tati
Jacques Tati
(1977) Robert Dorfmann (1978) René Goscinny
René Goscinny
(1978) Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1979) Charles Vanel
Charles Vanel
(1979) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1979) Pierre Braunberger (1980) Louis de Funès
Louis de Funès
(1980) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1981) Alain Resnais (1981) Georges Dancigers (1982) Alexandre Mnouchkine (1982) Jean Nény (1982) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Raimu
Raimu
(1983) René Clément
René Clément
(1984) Georges de Beauregard (1984) Edwige Feuillère
Edwige Feuillère
(1984) Christian-Jaque (1985) Danielle Darrieux
Danielle Darrieux
(1985) Christine Gouze-Rénal (1985) Alain Poiré (1985) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1986) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1986) Jean Delannoy
Jean Delannoy
(1986) René Ferracci (1986) Claude Lanzmann
Claude Lanzmann
(1986) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1987) Serge Silberman (1988) Bernard Blier
Bernard Blier
(1989) Paul Grimault
Paul Grimault
(1989) Gérard Philipe
Gérard Philipe
(1990) Jean-Pierre Aumont
Jean-Pierre Aumont
(1991) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1991) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1992) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1992) Jean Marais
Jean Marais
(1993) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1993) Gérard Oury
Gérard Oury
(1993) Jean Carmet
Jean Carmet
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1995) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1996) Henri Verneuil
Henri Verneuil
(1996) Charles Aznavour
Charles Aznavour
(1997) Andie MacDowell
Andie MacDowell
(1997) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1998) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1998) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
(1999) Jean Rochefort
Jean Rochefort
(1999) Josiane Balasko
Josiane Balasko
(2000) Georges Cravenne
Georges Cravenne
(2000) Jean-Pierre Léaud
Jean-Pierre Léaud
(2000) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2000)

2001–present

Darry Cowl (2001) Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2001) Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2001) Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
(2002) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(2002) Claude Rich
Claude Rich
(2002) Bernadette Lafont
Bernadette Lafont
(2003) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2003) Micheline Presle
Micheline Presle
(2004) Jacques Dutronc
Jacques Dutronc
(2005) Will Smith
Will Smith
(2005) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2006) Pierre Richard
Pierre Richard
(2006) Marlène Jobert
Marlène Jobert
(2007) Jude Law
Jude Law
(2007) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(2008) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(2008) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2009) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2010) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2011) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2012) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(2013) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2014) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2015) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2016) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2017) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2018)

v t e

New York Drama Critics Award for Best Actress

Tallulah Bankhead
Tallulah Bankhead
(1943) Margaret Sullavan
Margaret Sullavan
(1944) Laurette Taylor
Laurette Taylor
(1945) Betty Field
Betty Field
(1946) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1947) Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
(1948)

v t e

Nastro d'Argento Award for Best Actress

Clara Calamai
Clara Calamai
(1946) Alida Valli
Alida Valli
(1947) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1948) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1949) Pier Angeli
Pier Angeli
(1951) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1952) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1953) Gina Lollobrigida
Gina Lollobrigida
(1954) Silvana Mangano
Silvana Mangano
(1955) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1957) Giulietta Masina
Giulietta Masina
(1958) Eleonora Rossi Drago
Eleonora Rossi Drago
(1960) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1961) Gina Lollobrigida
Gina Lollobrigida
(1963) Silvana Mangano
Silvana Mangano
(1964) Claudia Cardinale
Claudia Cardinale
(1965) Giovanna Ralli
Giovanna Ralli
(1966) Lisa Gastoni
Lisa Gastoni
(1967) Monica Vitti
Monica Vitti
(1969) Paola Pitagora
Paola Pitagora
(1970) Ottavia Piccolo
Ottavia Piccolo
(1971) Mariangela Melato
Mariangela Melato
(1972) Mariangela Melato
Mariangela Melato
(1973) Laura Antonelli
Laura Antonelli
(1974) Lisa Gastoni
Lisa Gastoni
(1975) Monica Vitti
Monica Vitti
(1976) Mariangela Melato
Mariangela Melato
(1977) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1978) Mariangela Melato
Mariangela Melato
(1979) Ida Di Benedetto
Ida Di Benedetto
(1980) Mariangela Melato
Mariangela Melato
(1981) Eleonora Giorgi
Eleonora Giorgi
(1982) Giuliana De Sio
Giuliana De Sio
(1983) Lina Sastri
Lina Sastri
(1984) Claudia Cardinale
Claudia Cardinale
(1985) Giulietta Masina
Giulietta Masina
(1986) Valeria Golino
Valeria Golino
(1987) Ornella Muti
Ornella Muti
(1988) Ornella Muti
Ornella Muti
(1989) Virna Lisi
Virna Lisi
(1990) Margherita Buy
Margherita Buy
(1991) Francesca Neri
Francesca Neri
(1992) Antonella Ponziani
Antonella Ponziani
(1993) Chiara Caselli
Chiara Caselli
(1994) Sabrina Ferilli
Sabrina Ferilli
(1995) Anna Bonaiuto
Anna Bonaiuto
(1996) Iaia Forte
Iaia Forte
/ Virna Lisi
Virna Lisi
(1997) Francesca Neri
Francesca Neri
(1998) Giovanna Mezzogiorno
Giovanna Mezzogiorno
(1999) Licia Maglietta
Licia Maglietta
(2000) Margherita Buy
Margherita Buy
(2001) Valeria Golino
Valeria Golino
(2002) Giovanna Mezzogiorno
Giovanna Mezzogiorno
(2003) Jasmine Trinca
Jasmine Trinca
/ Adriana Asti
Adriana Asti
/ Sonia Bergamasco
Sonia Bergamasco
/ Maya Sansa (2004) Laura Morante
Laura Morante
(2005) Katia Ricciarelli
Katia Ricciarelli
(2006) Margherita Buy
Margherita Buy
(2007) Margherita Buy
Margherita Buy
(2008) Giovanna Mezzogiorno
Giovanna Mezzogiorno
(2009) Stefania Sandrelli
Stefania Sandrelli
/ Micaela Ramazzotti
Micaela Ramazzotti
(2010) Alba Rohrwacher
Alba Rohrwacher
(2011) Micaela Ramazzotti
Micaela Ramazzotti
(2012) Jasmine Trinca
Jasmine Trinca
(2013) Kasia Smutniak
Kasia Smutniak
(2014) Margherita Buy
Margherita Buy
(2015) Valeria Bruni Tedeschi / Micaela Ramazzotti
Micaela Ramazzotti
(2016) Jasmine Trinca
Jasmine Trinca
(2017)

v t e

National Board of Review Award for Best Actress

Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1945) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1946) Celia Johnson
Celia Johnson
(1947) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1948) Gloria Swanson
Gloria Swanson
(1950) Jan Sterling
Jan Sterling
(1951) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1952) Jean Simmons
Jean Simmons
(1953) Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1954) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1955) Dorothy McGuire
Dorothy McGuire
(1956) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1957) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1958) Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1959) Greer Garson
Greer Garson
(1960) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1961) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1962) Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
(1963) Kim Stanley
Kim Stanley
(1964) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1965) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1966) Edith Evans
Edith Evans
(1967) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1968) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1969) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1970) Irene Papas
Irene Papas
(1971) Cicely Tyson
Cicely Tyson
(1972) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1973) Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(1974) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1975) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1976) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1977) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1978) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1979) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(1980) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1981) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1982) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1983) Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1984) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1985) Kathleen Turner
Kathleen Turner
(1986) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1987) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1988) Michelle Pfeiffer
Michelle Pfeiffer
(1989) Mia Farrow
Mia Farrow
(1990) Geena Davis
Geena Davis
/ Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1991) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Miranda Richardson
Miranda Richardson
(1994) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(1996) Helena Bonham Carter
Helena Bonham Carter
(1997) Fernanda Montenegro
Fernanda Montenegro
(1998) Janet McTeer
Janet McTeer
(1999) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2000) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2001) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2002) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2003) Annette Bening
Annette Bening
(2004) Felicity Huffman
Felicity Huffman
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(2007) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2008) Carey Mulligan
Carey Mulligan
(2009) Lesley Manville
Lesley Manville
(2010) Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
(2011) Jessica Chastain
Jessica Chastain
(2012) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(2013) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2014) Brie Larson
Brie Larson
(2015) Amy Adams
Amy Adams
(2016) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2017)

v t e

National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress

Sylvie (1966) Bibi Andersson
Bibi Andersson
(1967) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1968) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1969) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1970) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1971) Cicely Tyson
Cicely Tyson
(1972) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1973) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1974) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1975) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(1976) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1977) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1978) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1979) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(1980) Marília Pêra
Marília Pêra
(1981) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1982) Debra Winger
Debra Winger
(1983) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1984) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1985) Chloe Webb
Chloe Webb
(1986) Emily Lloyd (1987) Judy Davis
Judy Davis
(1988) Michelle Pfeiffer
Michelle Pfeiffer
(1989) Anjelica Huston
Anjelica Huston
(1990) Alison Steadman
Alison Steadman
(1991) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Jennifer Jason Leigh
Jennifer Jason Leigh
(1994) Elisabeth Shue
Elisabeth Shue
(1995) Emily Watson
Emily Watson
(1996) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Ally Sheedy
Ally Sheedy
(1998) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(1999) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2000) Naomi Watts
Naomi Watts
(2001) Diane Lane
Diane Lane
(2002) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2003) Imelda Staunton
Imelda Staunton
/ Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(2004) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(2007) Sally Hawkins
Sally Hawkins
(2008) Yolande Moreau
Yolande Moreau
(2009) Giovanna Mezzogiorno
Giovanna Mezzogiorno
(2010) Kirsten Dunst
Kirsten Dunst
(2011) Emmanuelle Riva
Emmanuelle Riva
(2012) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2013) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2014) Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2015) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2016) Sally Hawkins
Sally Hawkins
(2017)

v t e

New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress

Greta Garbo
Greta Garbo
(1935) Luise Rainer
Luise Rainer
(1936) Greta Garbo
Greta Garbo
(1937) Margaret Sullavan
Margaret Sullavan
(1938) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1939) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1940) Joan Fontaine
Joan Fontaine
(1941) Agnes Moorehead
Agnes Moorehead
(1942) Ida Lupino
Ida Lupino
(1943) Tallulah Bankhead
Tallulah Bankhead
(1944) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1945) Celia Johnson
Celia Johnson
(1946) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1947) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1948) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1949) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1950) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1951) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1952) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1953) Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1954) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1955) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1956) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1957) Susan Hayward
Susan Hayward
(1958) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1959) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1960) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1961) No Award (1962) Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
(1963) Kim Stanley
Kim Stanley
(1964) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1965) Elizabeth Taylor/ Lynn Redgrave
Lynn Redgrave
(1966) Edith Evans
Edith Evans
(1967) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1968) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1969) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1970) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1971) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1972) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1973) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1974) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1975) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1976) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1977) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1978) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1979) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(1980) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1981) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1982) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1983) Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1984) Norma Aleandro
Norma Aleandro
(1985) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(1986) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1987) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1988) Michelle Pfeiffer
Michelle Pfeiffer
(1989) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1990) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1991) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Linda Fiorentino (1994) Jennifer Jason Leigh
Jennifer Jason Leigh
(1995) Emily Watson
Emily Watson
(1996) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Cameron Diaz
Cameron Diaz
(1998) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(1999) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2000) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(2001) Diane Lane
Diane Lane
(2002) Hope Davis
Hope Davis
(2003) Imelda Staunton
Imelda Staunton
(2004) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(2007) Sally Hawkins
Sally Hawkins
(2008) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2009) Annette Bening
Annette Bening
(2010) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2011) Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2012) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2013) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2014) Saoirse Ronan
Saoirse Ronan
(2015) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2016) Saoirse Ronan
Saoirse Ronan
(2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
/ Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1947) Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
/ Katharine Cornell
Katharine Cornell
/ Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1948) Martita Hunt (1949) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1950) Uta Hagen
Uta Hagen
(1951) Julie Harris (1952) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1953) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1954) Nancy Kelly
Nancy Kelly
(1955) Julie Harris (1956) Margaret Leighton
Margaret Leighton
(1957) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1958) Gertrude Berg
Gertrude Berg
(1959) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1960) Joan Plowright
Joan Plowright
(1961) Margaret Leighton
Margaret Leighton
(1962) Uta Hagen
Uta Hagen
(1963) Sandy Dennis (1964) Irene Worth
Irene Worth
(1965) Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1966) Beryl Reid
Beryl Reid
(1967) Zoe Caldwell (1968) Julie Harris (1969) Tammy Grimes
Tammy Grimes
(1970) Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1971) Sada Thompson
Sada Thompson
(1972) Julie Harris (1973) Colleen Dewhurst
Colleen Dewhurst
(1974) Ellen Burstyn
Ellen Burstyn
(1975) Irene Worth
Irene Worth
(1976) Julie Harris (1977) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1978) Constance Cummings
Constance Cummings
/ Carole Shelley
Carole Shelley
(1979) Phyllis Frelich (1980) Jane Lapotaire (1981) Zoe Caldwell (1982) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1983) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1984) Stockard Channing
Stockard Channing
(1985) Lily Tomlin
Lily Tomlin
(1986) Linda Lavin
Linda Lavin
(1987) Joan Allen
Joan Allen
(1988) Pauline Collins
Pauline Collins
(1989) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1990) Mercedes Ruehl
Mercedes Ruehl
(1991) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1992) Madeline Kahn
Madeline Kahn
(1993) Diana Rigg
Diana Rigg
(1994) Cherry Jones
Cherry Jones
(1995) Zoe Caldwell (1996) Janet McTeer
Janet McTeer
(1997) Marie Mullen (1998) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(1999) Jennifer Ehle
Jennifer Ehle
(2000) Mary-Louise Parker
Mary-Louise Parker
(2001) Lindsay Duncan
Lindsay Duncan
(2002) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2003) Phylicia Rashad
Phylicia Rashad
(2004) Cherry Jones
Cherry Jones
(2005) Cynthia Nixon
Cynthia Nixon
(2006) Julie White
Julie White
(2007) Deanna Dunagan (2008) Marcia Gay Harden
Marcia Gay Harden
(2009) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2010) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2011) Nina Arianda (2012) Cicely Tyson
Cicely Tyson
(2013) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2014) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2015) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2016) Laurie Metcalf
Laurie Metcalf
(2017)

v t e

Volpi Cup for Best Actress

1934–1968

Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1934) Paula Wessely
Paula Wessely
(1935) Annabella (1936) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1937) Norma Shearer
Norma Shearer
(1938) Luise Ullrich
Luise Ullrich
(1941) Kristina Söderbaum
Kristina Söderbaum
(1942) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1947) Jean Simmons
Jean Simmons
(1948) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1949) Eleanor Parker
Eleanor Parker
(1950) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1951) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1952) Lilli Palmer
Lilli Palmer
(1953) Maria Schell
Maria Schell
(1956) Dzidra Ritenberga (1957) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1958) Madeleine Robinson (1959) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1960) Suzanne Flon
Suzanne Flon
(1961) Emmanuelle Riva
Emmanuelle Riva
(1962) Delphine Seyrig
Delphine Seyrig
(1963) Harriet Andersson
Harriet Andersson
(1964) Annie Girardot
Annie Girardot
(1965) Natalya Arinbasarova
Natalya Arinbasarova
(1966) Shirley Knight
Shirley Knight
(1967) Laura Betti
Laura Betti
(1968)

1983–present

Darling Légitimus
Darling Légitimus
(1983) Pascale Ogier
Pascale Ogier
(1984) Valeria Golino
Valeria Golino
(1986) Kang Soo-yeon (1987) Isabelle Huppert/ Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1988) Peggy Ashcroft/ Geraldine James (1989) Gloria Münchmeyer
Gloria Münchmeyer
(1990) Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
(1991) Gong Li
Gong Li
(1992) Juliette Binoche/ Anna Bonaiuto
Anna Bonaiuto
(1993) Maria de Medeiros/ Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1994) Sandrine Bonnaire/Isabelle Huppert/ Isabella Ferrari
Isabella Ferrari
(1995) Victoire Thivisol (1996) Robin Tunney
Robin Tunney
(1997) Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(1998) Nathalie Baye
Nathalie Baye
(1999) Rose Byrne
Rose Byrne
(2000) Sandra Ceccarelli (2001) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2002) Katja Riemann
Katja Riemann
(2003) Imelda Staunton
Imelda Staunton
(2004) Giovanna Mezzogiorno
Giovanna Mezzogiorno
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2007) Dominique Blanc
Dominique Blanc
(2008) Kseniya Rappoport
Kseniya Rappoport
(2009) Ariane Labed
Ariane Labed
(2010) Deanie Ip (2011) Hadas Yaron
Hadas Yaron
(2012) Elena Cotta
Elena Cotta
(2013) Alba Rohrwacher
Alba Rohrwacher
(2014) Valeria Golino
Valeria Golino
(2015) Emma Stone
Emma Stone
(2016) Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2017)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
jury presidents

1946–1975

Georges Huisman (1946) Georges Huisman (1947) Georges Huisman (1949) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1951) Maurice Genevoix
Maurice Genevoix
(1952) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1953) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1954) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1955) Maurice Lehmann
Maurice Lehmann
(1956) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1957) Marcel Achard (1958) Marcel Achard (1959) Georges Simenon
Georges Simenon
(1960) Jean Giono (1961) Tetsurō Furukaki (1962) Armand Salacrou (1963) Fritz Lang
Fritz Lang
(1964) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1965) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1966) Alessandro Blasetti (1967) André Chamson
André Chamson
(1968) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1969) Miguel Ángel Asturias
Miguel Ángel Asturias
(1970) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1971) Joseph Losey
Joseph Losey
(1972) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1973) René Clair
René Clair
(1974) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1975)

1975–2000

Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1976) Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
(1977) Alan J. Pakula
Alan J. Pakula
(1978) Françoise Sagan
Françoise Sagan
(1979) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Jacques Deray (1981) Giorgio Strehler (1982) William Styron
William Styron
(1983) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
(1984) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1985) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1986) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1987) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1988) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1989) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1990) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1991) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1992) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1993) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1996) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1999) Luc Besson
Luc Besson
(2000)

2001–present

Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(2001) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2002) Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(2003) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2004) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(2005) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(2006) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2009) Tim Burton
Tim Burton
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(2012) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2013) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(2014) Joel and Ethan Coen (2015) George Miller (2016) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2017) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2018)

v t e

Triple Crown of Acting winners

Jack Albertson Anne Bancroft Ingrid Bergman Shirley Booth Ellen Burstyn Viola Davis Melvyn Douglas Helen Hayes Jeremy Irons Jessica Lange Frances McDormand Helen Mirren Thomas Mitchell Rita Moreno Al Pacino Christopher Plummer Vanessa Redgrave Jason Robards Geoffrey Rush Paul Scofield Maggie Smith Maureen Stapleton Jessica Tandy

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 68925401 LCCN: n50007485 ISNI: 0000 0001 1028 7904 GND: 118509527 SELIBR: 177820 SUDOC: 026720906 BNF: cb11891426k (data) BIBSYS: 90063742 MusicBrainz: 669c349d-ba44-48e8-8649-2fc8d1769eaf NLA: 35190198 NDL: 00433022 NKC: jn20000700155 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV02132 BNE: XX905978 SN

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