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Edgbaston
Edgbaston
is an affluent suburban area of central Birmingham, England, curved around the southwest of the city centre.[1] It is bordered by Moseley
Moseley
to the south east and by Smethwick
Smethwick
and Winson Green
Winson Green
to the north west. In the 19th century, the area was under the control of the Gough-Calthorpe family and the Gillott family who refused to allow factories or warehouses to be built in Edgbaston, thus making it attractive for the wealthier residents of the city. Thus it was known as "where the trees begin". Edgbaston
Edgbaston
is home to Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Cricket Ground, a Test match venue, the University of Birmingham, established as Birmingham
Birmingham
Medical School in 1825, eight out of the nine independent schools within the city, Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Golf
Golf
Club, one of the most exclusive private members clubs in the Midlands, as well as the Priory Club, which boasts world class sporting facilities. The area is also home to a Michelin star restaurant, Simpsons, as well as a host or renowned pubs such as The Highfield, The Physician and the Edgbaston. The parliamentary constituency of Edgbaston
Edgbaston
includes the smaller Edgbaston ward
Edgbaston ward
and the wards of Bartley Green, Harborne
Harborne
and Quinton. Edgbaston
Edgbaston
is also a local government district, managed by its own district committee.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Demography 3 Sport 4 Places of interest 5 Politics 6 Education 7 Transport and amenities 8 Future tram halt 9 Famous residents 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

Etymology[edit] Edgbaston
Edgbaston
means "village of a man called Ecgbald", from the Old English personal name + tun "farm". The personal name Ecgbald means "bold sword" (literally "bold edge"). The name was recorded as a village known as Celboldistane in the Hundred of Coleshill in the 1086 Domesday Book[2] until at least 1139, wrongly suggesting that Old English stān "stone, rock" is the final element of the name.[citation needed] Demography[edit]

Cattle graze in Edgbaston
Edgbaston
in 1830

In 1801, Edgbaston
Edgbaston
had a population of around 1,000 people. By 1841, this had increased to 16,500 as a result of wealthy manufacturers moving to the area. By 1850, 29 roads had been laid out and uninterrupted growth continued.[3] The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Census 2001 found that 20,749 people were living in the Birmingham
Birmingham
City Council ward of Edgbaston, in 8,666 households. This produced an average of 2.4 people per household, slightly below the citywide average of 2.5. The ward, which has an area of 871.6ha, had a population density of 23.8 people per hectare. Like the city of Birmingham, Edgbaston
Edgbaston
had a slightly higher proportion of females, at 50.1%, to males. 27.1% of the population was in the 25–44 age bracket and 15.1% were aged between 45–59. At 14.8%, Edgbaston
Edgbaston
had a lower proportion of people of a pensionable age than the rest of Birmingham
Birmingham
(16.7%). It also had a lower proportion of people of working age at 73.8%, although it was above the national percentage of 61.5%.[4] Edgbaston
Edgbaston
has a slightly above average percentage for ethnic minorities with ethnic minorities representing 31.8% of the population as opposed to 29.6% for Birmingham. The largest ethnic minority group was the British Asian
British Asian
group at 16.1%. 25.6% of people were born outside of the United Kingdom, above the Birmingham
Birmingham
figure of 16.5%. Christianity
Christianity
was the most predominant religion, with 52.5% of the population stating that they were Christians, compared with 59.1% for Birmingham. 8.0% stated that they were Muslims, below the Birmingham figure of 14.3%. Edgbaston
Edgbaston
was home to a significant Orthodox Jewish community. 19.1% of the Edgbaston
Edgbaston
population stated that they had no religion.[4] 46.4% of households were owner-occupied, below the Birmingham
Birmingham
figure of 60.4%. 19.3% were rented privately, 15.2% were rented from a housing association and 11.6% were rented from Birmingham
Birmingham
City Council. There was a total number of 9,191 houses in Edgbaston, 525 of which were vacant. At 45.6%, the largest proportion of houses in Edgbaston
Edgbaston
were purpose-built blocks of flats. This is much higher than the city average of 17.9%. Detached houses were the second most common housing type in the ward at 19.7%.[4] Edgbaston
Edgbaston
had an unemployment rate of 8.1%, below the city average of 9.5% although above the national average of 5%. 13.4% of the population stated themselves as students. Of the unemployed, 42% were in long term unemployment and 15.6% had never worked. At 24.6%, the majority of the population worked in finance, real estate, and business activities.[4] The largest employer in the area was the Heart of Birmingham
Birmingham
Primary Care Trust, employing 10,000 people.[5] The Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Parliamentary Constituency has a much higher population.

Edgbaston
Edgbaston
constituency shown within Birmingham

Sport[edit] Warwickshire County Cricket Club
Warwickshire County Cricket Club
is based at the Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Cricket Ground, the area historically being part of Warwickshire. As well as hosting regular county matches, the ground plays host to the England cricket team during one day internationals and test matches. The area also has a world class tennis venue; The Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Priory Club. The DFS Classic
DFS Classic
for female players has been held there every year since 1982 and some of the world's top players participate. The tournament is part of the WTA Tour
WTA Tour
and wins count towards world rankings. The oldest lawn tennis club in the world, the Edgbaston Archery and Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Society, founded in 1860 is nearby.[6] There is also a members-only golf course which offers views over the southern part of the suburb. Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Croquet Club has been located in the area since 1915.[7] Places of interest[edit] The Church of England
England
parish churches are St Augustine's Church, St Germain's Church, St. George's Church and St. Bartholomew's Church, also known as Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Old Church.[8] Birmingham
Birmingham
Central Synagogue built in 1961 is also in Edgbaston. The Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
church of the Birmingham
Birmingham
Oratory, on Hagley Road, was built in 1907 in the Baroque style as a memorial to John Henry Newman, who founded the English Oratory here. Its dome is a prominent landmark. J. R. R. Tolkien
J. R. R. Tolkien
lived in Edgbaston
Edgbaston
during his teenage years, and the two towers of Edgbaston, Perrott's Folly
Perrott's Folly
and the Waterworks Tower, both close to the Oratory, are said to have provided inspiration for part of his The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings
novel. The Barber Institute of Fine Arts, which is located on the University of Birmingham
Birmingham
campus, is a purpose built gallery which contains a wide range of art from the masters to Picasso. Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Reservoir, formerly known as Rotton Park
Rotton Park
Reservoir, provides a header supply for the Birmingham
Birmingham
Canal Navigations and is an important inner city leisure amenity. There are three public gardens located within Edgbaston; the Birmingham
Birmingham
Botanical Gardens and the lesser known University of Birmingham
Birmingham
Winterbourne Botanic Garden
Winterbourne Botanic Garden
and Martineau Gardens. Adjoining the university gardens is Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Pool (not to be confused with the reservoir) which is a Site of Special Scientific Interest. Deer's Leap Wood is a Site of Local Importance for Nature Conservation in the former Mitchells & Butlers (brewery) land in the north part of Edgbaston. Edgbaston
Edgbaston
contains the only Grade I listed domestic building in Birmingham, notably one of the Arts & Crafts houses number 21 Yateley Road, designed by Herbert Tudor Buckland, and built for his own use. Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Hall, a Grade II listed country hall, is located within the ward. It is currently the clubhouse for Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Golf
Golf
Club. The BBC
BBC
opened television studios at Pebble Mill in 1971, which were in use for 33 years until closing in October 2004 and being demolished the following year. The site remains vacant, despite plans upon its closure for a science and technology park to be developed there.[9] Politics[edit] Birmingham
Birmingham
Edgbaston
Edgbaston
is a constituency, and its Member of Parliament (MP) is Labour's Preet Gill. The Edgbaston ward
Edgbaston ward
of Birmingham
Birmingham
City Council is represented by three Conservative councillors, including Deirdre Alden, who unsuccessfully challenged Gisela Stuart in the 2005 general election and 2010 election. Of the other wards of the Edgbaston
Edgbaston
constituency, Bartley Green is represented by three Conservative councillors, Harborne
Harborne
by one Conservative and two Labour councillors, and Quinton by three Labour councillors. The constituency has sent a female candidate to Parliament for the past 54 years. Previous MPs included Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, who was born in Edgbaston. Education[edit]

Chancellor's Court, University of Birmingham

Since the beginning of the 20th century, Edgbaston
Edgbaston
has been home to the main campus of the University of Birmingham
Birmingham
and to Edgbaston
Edgbaston
High School for Girls, St Paul's School for Girls, St George's School, King Edward's School, King Edward VI Five Ways School, King Edward VI High School for Girls and Priory School. Because of this, there are numerous university halls of residence in the area. At the centre of the university can be found the Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower, one of Birmingham's tallest buildings. Edgbaston
Edgbaston
is also the home of Queen's College, an ecumenical theological college. West House School, independent primary schools Birmingham
Birmingham
Blue Coat School and Hallfield School [ St Swithun's School ] are also located in the area. The Elmhurst School for Dance, the oldest vocational dance school in the United Kingdom, relocated to a new building in Edgbaston
Edgbaston
in 2004. St Philip's Grammar School used to be located adjacent to the Oratory. However, it became a sixth form college in 1976 and then merged with South Birmingham
Birmingham
College in 1995. Transport and amenities[edit] Two railway stations serve the area. The first, University station, is found in south Edgbaston, west of Birmingham
Birmingham
University. The second is Five Ways railway station
Five Ways railway station
in the north of the ward on the city's Middle Ring Road. Both stations are on the Cross-City Line. Between these two stations used to be another; Somerset Road station. However, this was closed and demolished some years ago. The A38 road
A38 road
(Bristol Road) runs through the ward and is one of the main traffic arteries of the city reaching out to the south west of the city and beyond from the city centre and New Street. Along this route buses frequently stop. There are several other bus routes throughout. The Worcester
Worcester
and Birmingham
Birmingham
Canal passes through the area, connecting the city centre with the River Severn
River Severn
at Worcester. This was constructed and opened in the 1790s and is used mainly for leisure and recreational purposes as opposed to its originally intended industrial usage. The A456 road
A456 road
(Hagley Road) runs through the north of Edgbaston
Edgbaston
and gives a relatively swift link with the city centre as well as faraway places including Halesowen, Kidderminster
Kidderminster
and Hereford. The nearest public libraries to the area are in Harborne, Selly Oak and Balsall Heath, whilst the University of Birmingham
Birmingham
main library (which members of the public can join for a fee) is in the area. There are a number medical facilities in the area, with two of the most well known being the University Medical Centre and the Calthorpe clinic. Two hospitals are nearby, the Queen Elizabeth Hospital and Selly Oak Hospital. Future tram halt[edit] Edgbaston tram stop
Edgbaston tram stop
is projected as the Midland Metro
Midland Metro
system is extended.[10][11][12] Famous residents[edit] Here is a list of notable residents, many of whom have had Blue Plaques erected on their former houses by The Birmingham
Birmingham
Civic Society

Annette Badland
Annette Badland
actress Sir Gilbert Barling
Gilbert Barling
lived at 6 Manor Road Dr Rosslyn Bruce lived at 4 Manor Road between 1912–1923. Dame Barbara Cartland
Barbara Cartland
was born in Edgbaston, at 31 Augustus Road.[citation needed] Sir Austen Chamberlain
Austen Chamberlain
Foreign Secretary and Nobel Peace Prize-winner lived at 83 Harborne
Harborne
Road Neville Chamberlain
Neville Chamberlain
(1869–1940) Former British Prime Minister, was born in a house called Southborne, in Edgbaston. Oscar Deutsch lived at 8 Rotton Park
Rotton Park
Road Charles Geach MP, founder of the Midland Bank, lived in Wheeleys Hill (now Wheeleys Road)[13] William Haywood (architect)
William Haywood (architect)
lived at 245 Bristol Road (house now demolished) Sir Rowland Hill (postal reformer)
Rowland Hill (postal reformer)
lived at 146 Hagley Road (house now demolished) Sir John Jaffray
John Jaffray
founder of the Birmingham
Birmingham
Daily Post and Birmingham Mail lived at 249 Bristol Road Major Arthur Keen MC (1895–1918) World War I flying ace lived in Edgbaston
Edgbaston
until his military service.[14] Celia Levetus
Celia Levetus
(1874–1936), illustrator Sir Oliver Lodge
Oliver Lodge
lived at Westbourne Road (house now demolished) Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
drummer Nick Mason
Nick Mason
was born in Edgbaston. Constance Naden
Constance Naden
lived most of her life at Pakenham House, Edgbaston. John Henry Newman
John Henry Newman
lived at the Birmingham
Birmingham
Oratory, Hagley Road Eugene W. Oates
Eugene W. Oates
Ornithologist[15] John Henry Poynting
John Henry Poynting
lived at 11 St Augustine's Road William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim
William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim
lived in Poplar Avenue, B 17. Joseph Sturge
Joseph Sturge
lived at Wheeleys Road (house now demolished) J.R.R. Tolkien
J.R.R. Tolkien
also lived there for a period during his younger life, with Perrot's Folly and the Edgbaston Waterworks
Edgbaston Waterworks
supposedly providing him with the inspiration behind The Two Towers. Dr William Withering
William Withering
lived at Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Hall Science fiction author John Wyndham
John Wyndham
was born there in 1903 and lived at 239 Hagley Road (now demolished) until 1911 when his parents divorced. Francis Brett Young
Francis Brett Young
lived at 105 Harborne
Harborne
Road

References[edit]

^ Tom Dyckhoff. "Let's move to Edgbaston, Birmingham". The Guardian. The Guardian. Retrieved 9 July 2017.  ^ http://opendomesday.org/place/SP0584/edgbaston/ Open Domesday Map: Edgbaston ^ Davidoff, Leonore; Catherine Hall (2002). Family Fortunes: Men and Women of the English Middle Class, 1780–1850. Routledge. p. 369. ISBN 0-415-21064-X.  ^ a b c d "2001 Population Census in Birmingham: Ward Profiles". Birmingham
Birmingham
City Council. 2001. Archived from the original (pdf) on 12 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-28.  ^ "Edgbaston" (pdf). Birmingham
Birmingham
Economy. February 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-28. [permanent dead link] ^ http://www.ealts.net/ ^ " Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Croquet Club". Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Croquet Club. Retrieved 2008-03-28.  ^ http://www.edgbastonoldchurch.org.uk/hist.html St. Bartholomew's Church, Edgbaston: History ^ [1] ^ " Midland Metro
Midland Metro
Grand Central extension opens". British Trams Online. Retrieved 10 June 2016.  ^ " Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street tram extension opens". Rail News. Retrieved 10 June 2016.  ^ http://centreofenterprise.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/32-Business-Case.pdf ^ Edwards, E. (1887). Personal recollections of Birmingham
Birmingham
and Birmingham
Birmingham
men. Birmingham: Midland Educational Trading Company Limited. Retrieved 18 August 2015.  ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/keen.php Retrieved on 8 June 2010. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=Z1ZGAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA118&lpg=PA118&dq=Eugene+William+Oates+death&source=bl&ots=nzq3GYdJ6N&sig=3o7aXhrSKAyTWbHSGh8bEHAY3kI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=LwSMVcDAL4jZtQWr0YCYCg&ved=0CC4Q6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=Eugene%20William%20Oates%20death&f=false

Further reading[edit]

Canon Doctor Terry Slater, 2002, Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Past, Phillimore, Chichester

External links[edit]

Birmingham
Birmingham
City Council: Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Constituency Birmingham
Birmingham
City Council: Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Ward Calthorpe Estates Edgbaston
Edgbaston
Mill Edgbaston
Edgbaston
in the Domesday Book Profile: Edgbaston

v t e

Government of Birmingham

Birmingham
Birmingham
council constituencies and wards

Edgbaston

Bartley Green Edgbaston Harborne Quinton

Erdington

Erdington Kingstanding Stockland Green Tyburn

Hall Green

Hall Green Moseley
Moseley
and Kings Heath Sparkbrook Springfield

Hodge Hill

Bordesley Green Hodge Hill Shard End Washwood Heath

Ladywood

Aston Ladywood Nechells Soho

Northfield

Kings Norton Longbridge Northfield Weoley

Perry Barr

Handsworth Wood Lozells
Lozells
and East Handsworth Oscott Perry Barr

Selly Oak

Billesley Bournville Brandwood Selly Oak

Sutton Coldfield

Sutton Four Oaks Sutton New Hall Sutton Trinity Sutton Vesey

Yardley

Acocks Green Sheldon South Yardley Stechford
Stechford
and Yardley North

v t e

Areas of Birmingham

Suburbs

Acocks Green Alum Rock Ashted Aston Austin Village Balsall Heath Bartley Green Beech Lanes Billesley Birches Green Birchfield Bickenhill Birmingham
Birmingham
Airport Birmingham
Birmingham
City Centre Bordesley Green Bournbrook Bournville Brandwood End Bromford California Camp Hill Castle Vale Chad Valley Cofton Common Cotteridge Deritend Digbeth Druids Heath Duddeston Dudley Edgbaston Erdington Falcon Lodge Frankley Gannow Green Gosta Green Gravelly Hill Great Barr Hall Green Hamstead Handsworth Handsworth Wood Harborne Hawkesley Highgate Highter's Heath Hockley Hodge Hill Jewellery Quarter Kings Heath Kings Norton Kingstanding Kitts Green Ladywood Lea Hall Longbridge Lozells Minworth Moor Pool Moseley Nechells New Frankley New Oscott Northfield Oscott Perry Barr Quinton Rednal Rotton Park Roughley Rubery Saltley Selly Oak Selly Park Shard End Sheldon Small Heath Solihull Sparkbrook Sparkhill Stechford Stirchley Summerfield Sutton Coldfield Tile Cross Turves Green Tyburn, West Midlands Tyseley Walker's Heath Walmley Ward End Warstock Washwood Heath Weoley Castle West Heath Winson Green Witton Woodgate Yardley Yardley Wood

Wards Constit

.