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David Paul Cronenberg, CC OOnt FRSC (born March 15, 1943) is a Canadian director, screenwriter and actor.[1] He is one of the principal originators of what is commonly known as the body horror genre, with his films exploring visceral bodily transformation, infection, technology, and the intertwining of the psychological with the physical. In the first half of his career, he explored these themes mostly through horror and science fiction films such as Scanners
Scanners
(1981) and Videodrome (1983), although his work has since expanded beyond these genres. Cronenberg's films have polarized audiences and critics alike; he has earned critical acclaim and has sparked controversy for his depictions of gore and violence.[2][3] The Village Voice
The Village Voice
called him "the most audacious and challenging narrative director in the English-speaking world".[4] His films have won numerous awards, including the Jury Prize at the Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
for his film Crash (1996).[5]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Fiction

3 Personal life 4 Awards and recognition 5 Filmography

5.1 As director 5.2 As producer 5.3 As actor

6 Recurring collaborators 7 Writings 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Early life[edit] Born in Toronto, Ontario, Cronenberg is the son of Esther (née Sumberg), a musician, and Milton Cronenberg, a writer and editor.[6] He was raised in a "middle-class progressive Jewish
Jewish
family".[7][8] His father was born in Baltimore, Maryland, and his mother was born in Toronto; all of his grandparents were from Lithuania.[9] He began writing as a child and wrote constantly. He attended high school at Harbord Collegiate Institute
Harbord Collegiate Institute
and North Toronto
Toronto
Collegiate Institute. A keen interest in science, especially botany and lepidopterology, led him to enter the Honours Science program at the University of Toronto
Toronto
in 1963, but he switched to Honours English Language and Literature later in his first year. Cronenberg's fascination with the film Winter Kept Us Warm
Winter Kept Us Warm
(1966), by classmate David Secter, sparked his interest in film. He began frequenting film camera rental houses, learning the art of filmmaking, and made two 16mm films (Transfer and From the Drain). Inspired by the New York underground film scene, he founded the Toronto
Toronto
Film Co-op with Iain Ewing and Ivan Reitman. After taking a year off to travel in Europe, he returned to Canada in 1967 and graduated from University College at the top of his class.[10] Career[edit] After two short sketch films and two short art-house features (the black-and-white Stereo and the colour Crimes of the Future) Cronenberg went into partnership with Ivan Reitman. The Canadian government provided financing for his films throughout the 1970s. He alternated his signature "body horror" films such as Shivers with projects reflecting his interest in car racing and bike gangs (Fast Company). Rabid provided pornographic actress Marilyn Chambers
Marilyn Chambers
with work in a different genre. (Cronenberg's first choice for the role had been a then little-known Sissy Spacek). Rabid was a breakthrough with international distributors, and his next two horror features gained stronger support. Cronenberg's films follow a definite progression: a movement from the social world to the inner life. In his early films, scientists modify human bodies, which results in the breakdown of social order (e.g. Shivers, Rabid). In his middle period, the chaos wrought by the scientist is more personal, (e.g. The Brood, Scanners, Videodrome). In the later middle period, the scientist himself is altered by his experiment (e.g. his remake of The Fly). This trajectory culminates in Dead Ringers in which a twin pair of gynecologists spiral into codependency and drug addiction. His later films tend more to the psychological, often contrasting subjective and objective realities (eXistenZ, M. Butterfly, Spider).[citation needed] Cronenberg has cited William S. Burroughs
William S. Burroughs
and Vladimir Nabokov
Vladimir Nabokov
as influences.[11] Perhaps the best example of a film that straddles the line between his works of personal chaos and psychological confusion is Cronenberg's 1991 "adaptation" of Naked Lunch
Naked Lunch
(1959), his literary hero William S. Burroughs' most controversial book. The novel was considered "unfilmable", and Cronenberg acknowledged that a straight translation into film would "cost 400 million dollars and be banned in every country in the world". Instead—much like in his earlier film, Videodrome—he consistently blurred the lines between what appeared to be reality and what appeared to be hallucinations brought on by the main character's drug addiction. Some of the book's "moments" (as well as incidents loosely based upon Burroughs' life) are presented in this manner within the film. Cronenberg stated that while writing the screenplay for Naked Lunch
Naked Lunch
(1991), he felt a moment of synergy with Burroughs' writing style. He felt the connection between his screenwriting style and Burroughs' prose style was so strong, that he jokingly remarked that should Burroughs pass on, "I'll just write his next book."[citation needed] Cronenberg has said that his films should be seen "from the point of view of the disease", and that in Shivers, for example, he identifies with the characters after they become infected with the anarchic parasites. Disease and disaster, in Cronenberg's work, are less problems to be overcome than agents of personal transformation. Of his characters' transformations, Cronenberg said, "But because of our necessity to impose our own structure of perception on things we look on ourselves as being relatively stable. But, in fact, when I look at a person I see this maelstrom of organic, chemical and electron chaos; volatility and instability, shimmering; and the ability to change and transform and transmute."[12] Similarly, in Crash (1996), people who have been injured in car crashes attempt to view their ordeal as "a fertilizing rather than a destructive event". In 2005, Cronenberg publicly disagreed with Paul Haggis' choice of the same name for the latter's Oscar-winning film Crash (2004), arguing that it was "very disrespectful" to the "important and seminal" J.G. Ballard novel on which Cronenberg's film was based.[13] Aside from The Dead Zone (1983) and The Fly (1986), Cronenberg has not generally worked within the world of big-budget, mainstream Hollywood filmmaking, although he has had occasional near misses. At one stage he was considered by George Lucas
George Lucas
as a possible director for Return of the Jedi (1983) but was passed over. Cronenberg also worked for nearly a year on a version of Total Recall (1990), but experienced "creative differences" with producers Dino De Laurentiis
Dino De Laurentiis
and Ronald Shusett; a different version of the film was eventually made by Paul Verhoeven. A fan of Philip K. Dick's, author of "We Can Remember it For You Wholesale", the short story upon which the film was based, Cronenberg related in the biography/overview of his work, ''Cronenberg on Cronenberg'' (1992) that his dissatisfaction with what he envisioned the film to be and what it ended up being pained him so greatly that for a time, he suffered a migraine just thinking about it, akin to a needle piercing his eye.[14] In the late 1990s, Cronenberg was announced as director of a sequel to another Verhoeven film, Basic Instinct
Basic Instinct
(1992), but this also fell through. His thriller A History of Violence
A History of Violence
(2005) is one of his highest budgeted and most accessible to date. He has said that the decision to direct it was influenced by his having had to defer some of his salary on the low-budgeted Spider (2002), but it was one of his most critically acclaimed films to date, along with Eastern Promises (2007), a film about the struggle of one man to gain power in the Russian Mafia.

Cronenberg at the 2011 Toronto
Toronto
International Film Festival

Cronenberg has collaborated with composer Howard Shore
Howard Shore
on all of his films since The Brood
The Brood
(1979), (see List of noted film director and composer collaborations) with the exception of The Dead Zone (1983), which was scored by Michael Kamen. Other regular collaborators include actor Robert Silverman, art director Carol Spier, sound editor Bryan Day, film editor Ronald Sanders, his sister, costume designer Denise Cronenberg, and, from 1979 until 1988, cinematographer Mark Irwin. In 2008, Cronenberg directed Howard Shore's first opera, The Fly. Since Dead Ringers (1988), Cronenberg has worked with cinematographer Peter Suschitzky on each of his films (see List of film director and cinematographer collaborations). Suschitzky was the director of photography for The Empire Strikes Back
The Empire Strikes Back
(1980), and Cronenberg remarked that Suschitzky's work in that film "was the only one of those movies that actually looked good",[15] which was a motivating factor to work with him on Dead Ringers. Having worked with many Hollywood
Hollywood
stars, Cronenberg says that he did not get to make a film with an actor he wanted to work with for a long time, Burt Reynolds. Cronenberg remains a staunchly Canadian filmmaker, with nearly all of his films (including major studio vehicles The Dead Zone and The Fly) having been filmed in his home province Ontario. Notable exceptions include M. Butterfly (1993), most of which was shot in China, Spider, and Eastern Promises
Eastern Promises
(2007), which were both filmed primarily in England, and A Dangerous Method
A Dangerous Method
(2011), which was filmed in Germany and Austria. Rabid and Shivers were shot in and around Montreal. Most of his films have been at least partially financed by Telefilm Canada, and Cronenberg, a vocal supporter of government-backed film projects, has said: "Every country needs [a system of government grants] in order to have a national cinema in the face of Hollywood".[16] Cronenberg has also appeared as an actor in other directors' films. Most of his roles are cameo appearances, as in the films Into the Night (1985), Blood and Donuts (1995), To Die For
To Die For
(1995), and Jason X (2002) and the television series Alias, but on occasion he has played major roles, as in Nightbreed
Nightbreed
(1990) and Last Night (1998). He has not played major roles in any of his own films, but he did put in a brief appearance as a gynecologist in The Fly; he can also be glimpsed among the sex-crazed hordes in Shivers; he can be heard as an unseen car-pound attendant in Crash; his hands can be glimpsed in eXistenZ (1999); and he appeared as a stand-in for James Woods
James Woods
in Videodrome for shots in which Woods' character wore a helmet that covered his head. In 2008, Cronenberg realized two extra-cinematographic projects: the exhibition Chromosomes at the Rome Film Fest, and the opera The Fly at the LaOpera in Los Angeles and Theatre Châtelet in Paris. In July 2010, Cronenberg completed production on A Dangerous Method
A Dangerous Method
(2011), an adaptation of Christopher Hampton's play The Talking Cure, starring Keira Knightley, Michael Fassbender, and frequent collaborator Viggo Mortensen. The film was produced by independent British producer Jeremy Thomas.[17][18] In 2012, his film Cosmopolis competed for the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival.[19][20] In the October 2011 edition of Rue Morgue, Cronenberg stated that he has written a companion piece to his 1986 remake of The Fly, which he would like to direct if given the chance. He has stated that it is not a traditional sequel, but rather a "parallel story".[citation needed] For a time it appeared that, as Eastern Promises
Eastern Promises
producer Paul Webster told Screen International, a sequel is in the works that would reunite the key team of Cronenberg, Steven Knight, and Viggo Mortensen. The film was to be made by Webster's new production company Shoebox Films in collaboration with Focus Features, and shot in early 2013.[21] However, in 2012, Cronenberg commented that the Eastern Promises sequel had fallen through due to budget disagreement with Focus Features. [22] Filming for Cronenberg's next film, a satire drama entitled Maps to the Stars (2014)—with Julianne Moore, Mia Wasikowska, John Cusack, and Robert Pattinson[23][24]—began on July 8, 2013 in Toronto, Ontario
Ontario
and Los Angeles.[25][26] This was the first time Cronenberg filmed in the United States. In a September 2013 interview, Cronenberg stated that he is not concerned about posthumous representations of his film work: "It wouldn't disturb me to think that my work would just sink beneath the waves without trace and that would be it. So what? It doesn't bother me." In the same interview, Cronenberg revealed that it depends on the "time of day" as to whether or not he is afraid of death.[27] On June 26, 2014, Cronenberg's short film The Nest was published on YouTube. The film was commissioned for " David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
- The Exhibition" at EYE Film Institute in Amsterdam and was available on YouTube
YouTube
for the duration of the exhibition, until September 14, 2014.[28] In a 2016, interview Viggo Mortensen
Viggo Mortensen
revealed that Cronenberg is considering retiring due to difficulty financing his film projects.[29] Fiction[edit] In 2014, Cronenberg published his first novel, Consumed.[30] Personal life[edit] He married his first wife, Margaret Hindson, in 1972: their seven-year marriage ended in 1979 amidst personal and professional differences. They had one daughter, Cassandra Cronenberg. He was married to film editor Carolyn Zeifman until her death in 2017.[31] The couple met on the set of Rabid while she was working as a production assistant.[31] They have two children, Caitlin and Brandon.[32] In the book Cronenberg on Cronenberg (1992), he revealed that The Brood
The Brood
was inspired by events that occurred during the unraveling of his first marriage, which caused both Cronenberg and his daughter Cassandra a great deal of turmoil. The character Nola Carveth, mother of the brood, is based on Cassandra's mother. Cronenberg said that he found the shooting of the climactic scene, in which Nola was strangled by her husband, to be "very satisfying".[33] Cronenberg lives in Toronto.[1] Cronenberg describes himself as an atheist.[34][35] His atheism was further explained in a September 2013 interview:

"Anytime I've tried to imagine squeezing myself into the box of any particular religion, I find it claustrophobic and oppressive. I think atheism is an acceptance of what is real."[27]

In the same interview, Cronenberg revealed that film director Martin Scorsese admitted to him that he was intrigued by Cronenberg's early work but was subsequently "terrified" to meet him in person. Cronenberg responded to Scorsese: "You're the guy who made Taxi Driver and you're afraid to meet me?"[27] Awards and recognition [edit] Cronenberg has appeared on various "Greatest Director" lists. In 2004, Science Fiction magazine Strange Horizons
Strange Horizons
named him the second greatest director in the history of the genre, ahead of better known directors such as Steven Spielberg, James Cameron, Jean-Luc Godard, and Ridley Scott.[36] In the same year, The Guardian
The Guardian
listed him 9th on their list of "The world's 40 best directors".[37] In 2007, Total Film named him as the 17th greatest director of all-time.[38] Film professor Charles Derry, in his overview of the horror genre Dark Dreams, called the director one of the most important in his field, and that "no discussion of contemporary horror film can conclude without reference to the films of David Cronenberg."[39] Cronenberg received the Special
Special
Jury Prize at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival for Crash.[40] In 1999, he was inducted onto Canada's Walk of Fame,[41] awarded the Silver Bear
Silver Bear
Award at the 49th Berlin International Film Festival.[42] and that November received the Governor General's Performing Arts Award, Canada's highest honour in the performing arts.[43] In 2002, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada, and was promoted to Companion of the Order of Canada
Order of Canada
(the order's highest rank) in 2014.[44] In 2006 he was awarded the Cannes Film Festival's lifetime achievement award, the Carrosse d'Or.[45] Also in 2006, Cronenberg was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the senior national body of distinguished Canadian scientists and scholars.[46] In 2009 Cronenberg received the Légion d'honneur
Légion d'honneur
from the government of France.[47] The following year Cronenberg was named an honorary patron of the University Philosophical Society, Trinity College, Dublin.[citation needed] In 2012, he received the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal.[48] The opening of the "David Cronenberg: Evolution" Toronto
Toronto
International Film Festival (TIFF) exhibition occurred on October 30, 2013. Held at the TIFF Bell Lightbox venue, the exhibition paid tribute to the director's entire filmmaking career and the festival's promotional material referred to Cronenberg as "one of Canada's most prolific and iconic filmmakers". The exhibition was shown internationally following the conclusion of the TIFF showing on January 19, 2014.[27][49] In 2014, he was made a Member of the Order of Ontario
Order of Ontario
in recognition for being "Canada's most celebrated internationally acclaimed filmmaker".[50] Filmography[edit] As director[edit]

Feature films

Stereo (1969) Crimes of the Future
Crimes of the Future
(1970) Shivers (1975) Rabid (1977) Fast Company (1979) The Brood
The Brood
(1979) Scanners
Scanners
(1981) Videodrome (1983) The Dead Zone (1983) The Fly (1986) Dead Ringers (1988) Naked Lunch
Naked Lunch
(1991) M. Butterfly (1993) Crash (1996) eXistenZ (1999) Spider (2002) A History of Violence
A History of Violence
(2005) Eastern Promises
Eastern Promises
(2007) A Dangerous Method
A Dangerous Method
(2011) Cosmopolis (2012) Maps to the Stars
Maps to the Stars
(2014)

Short films

Transfer (1966) From the Drain (1967) Camera (2000) To Each His Own Cinema
To Each His Own Cinema
(Chacun son cinéma) (2007)

segment: At the Suicide of the Last Jew in the World in the Last Cinema in the World

The Nest (2013)[51]

Television spots

Jim Ritchie Sculptor (1971) Letter from Michelangelo (1971) Tourettes (1971) Don Valley (1972) Fort York (1972) Lakeshore (1972) Winter Garden (1972) Scarborough Bluffs (1972) In the Dirt (1972)

Television series

Programme X

Episode: "Secret Weapons" (1972)

Peep Show

Episodes: "The Victim" (1975) & "The Lie Chair" [1975]

Teleplay

Episode: "The Italian Machine" (1976)

Friday the 13th: The Series

Episode: "Faith Healer" (1987)

Scales of Justice

Episodes: "Regina vs Horvath" (1990) & "Regina vs Logan" (1990)

Commercials

Hydro

Client: Ontario
Ontario
Hydro Product: Energy conservation Agency: Burghardt Wolowich Crunkhorn Production company: The Partners' Film Company Ltd. Format: 4 x 30-second commercials Titles: Hot Showers, Laundry, Cleaners, Timers

Caramilk

Client: William Neilson Ltd. Product: Cadbury Caramilk Agency: Scali McCabe, Sloves (Canada) Ltd. Production company: The Partners' Film Company Ltd. Format: 2 x 30-second commercials Titles: Bistro, Surveillance

Nike

Client: Nike International Product: Nike Air 180 Agency: Wieden and Kennedy Production company: The Partners' Film Company Ltd. Format: 1 x 15-second/4 x 30-second commercials Title: Transformation

As producer[edit]

Transfer (1966) Stereo (1969) Crimes of the Future
Crimes of the Future
(1970) Dead Ringers (1988) Crash (1996) I'm Losing You (1998) eXistenZ (1999) Spider (2002)

As actor[edit]

Videodrome (1983, uncredited)[52] Into the Night (1985) The Fly (1986, cameo) Nightbreed
Nightbreed
(1990) Henry & Verlin (1994) To Die For
To Die For
(1995, cameo) Blood and Donuts (1995) The Stupids (1996, cameo) Extreme Measures
Extreme Measures
(1996, cameo) The Newsroom (TV) (1997) (Episode "The Meltdown: Part 1") Last Night (1998) Resurrection (1999) Jason X
Jason X
(2001) - Dr. Wimmer Alias (TV) (2003) (Episodes "Remnants" and "Conscious") Barney's Version (2010, cameo) Alias Grace (TV) (2017)

Recurring collaborators[edit]

Collaborator Stereo (1969) Crimes of the Future (1970) Shivers (1975) Rabid (1977) Fast Company (1979) The Brood (1979) Scanners (1981) Videodrome (1983) The Dead Zone (1983) The Fly (1986) Dead Ringers (1988) Naked Lunch (1991) M. Butterfly (1993) Crash (1996) eXistenZ (1999) Spider (2002) A History of Violence (2005) Eastern Promises (2007) A Dangerous Method (2011) Cosmopolis (2012) Maps to the Stars (2014) Total

Nicholas Campbell

N N

N

N

4

Leslie Carlson

N N N

3

Vincent Cassel

N N

2

Sarah Gadon

N N N 3

Ian Holm

N

N

2

Jeremy Irons

N

N

2

Stephen Lack

N

N

2

Peter MacNeill

N

N

N

3

Ronald Mlodzik N N N N

4

Viggo Mortensen

N N N

3

Robert Pattinson

N N 2

Howard Shore

N N N

N N N N N N N N N N N N 15

Joe Silver

N N

2

Mark Irwin

N N N N N N

6

Peter Suschitzky

N N N N N N N N N N N 11

Robert A. Silverman

N

N N

N

N

5

Denise Cronenberg

N N N N N N N N

8

Writings[edit]

Cronenberg, David (1992). Rodley, Chris, ed. Cronenberg on Cronenberg (1st ed.). Faber & Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-14436-5.  Cronenberg, David (1997). Crash. Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-19127-4.  Cronenberg, David (1999). eXistenZ: A Graphic Novel. Key Porter Books. ISBN 1-55263-027-7.  Cronenberg, David (2002). David Cronenberg: Collected Screenplays 1: Stereo, Crimes of the Future, Shivers, Rabid. Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-21017-1.  Cronenberg, David (2005). Red Cars. Volumina Artbooks. Bologna, Italia: Associazione culturale Volumina. ISBN 978-88-901996-8-4.  Cronenberg, David (2014). Consumed: A Novel. Scribner. ISBN 1-416-59613-5.  Grünberg, Serge & Cronenberg, David (2005). David Cronenberg: Interviews with Serge Grünberg. Plexus Publishing. ISBN 0-85965-376-5. 

References[edit]

^ a b Cronenberg 1992, p. 1. ^ "Cronenberg defends movie's naked bathhouse scene". CTVNews. 2007-09-11. Retrieved 2017-06-22.  ^ "Director David Cronenberg: Responsible violence? - CNN.com". www.cnn.com. Retrieved 2017-06-22.  ^ J. Hoberman (May 17, 2005). "Historical Oversight". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2011.  ^ "Google". Retrieved December 2, 2016.  ^ " David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
Biography (1943–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved May 18, 2011.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 17, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2012. ." ^ "Canadian Icon: David Cronenberg". April 14, 2014. Retrieved December 2, 2016.  ^ "Film-Related 2007". Retrieved December 2, 2016.  ^ "David Cronenberg: Full Biography". New York Times. January 8, 2012. Archived from the original on February 22, 2009. Retrieved April 16, 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Browning, Mark (2007). David Cronenberg: Author or Film-maker?. Intellect Books. ISBN 1-84150-173-5.  ^ Gordon, Bette (Winter 1989). "David Cronenberg". BOMB Magazine. Retrieved July 25, 2011.  ^ "Double Trouble". Slate Magazine. May 12, 2005. Retrieved December 13, 2009.  ^ Cronenberg, David (1992). Cronenberg on Cronenberg. Faber & Faber. ISBN 9780571144365.  ^ " David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
Re-Examines David Cronenberg". Film Freak Central. March 9, 2003. Archived from the original on April 1, 2003. Retrieved March 9, 2003.  ^ Phipps, Keith. "David Cronenberg". The A.V. Club. Retrieved May 18, 2011.  ^ " Viggo Mortensen
Viggo Mortensen
Replaces Christoph Waltz As Sigmund Freud in David Cronenberg's 'The Talking Cure'". The Playlist. March 9, 2010. Retrieved May 18, 2011.  ^ " Keira Knightley
Keira Knightley
Takes The Talking Cure". Empire. December 23, 2009. Retrieved May 18, 2011.  ^ "2012 Official Selection". Cannes Film Festival. Retrieved April 19, 2012.  ^ " Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
2012 line-up announced". Timeout. Retrieved April 19, 2012.  ^ "Paul Webster". Screen International. Retrieved April 23, 2012.  ^ Taylor, Drew (2012-12-14). "Exclusive: David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
Shares Details Of Canceled ' Eastern Promises
Eastern Promises
2' & 'The Fly' Remake". Penske Business Media, LLC. IndieWire. Retrieved 19 January 2018.  ^ "David Cronenberg's 'Maps to the Stars' Finds Julianne Moore, John Cusack & EOne". Deadline. Retrieved February 4, 2013.  ^ "Julianne Moore, John Cusack
John Cusack
& Sarah Gadon
Sarah Gadon
Join Robert Pattinson in David Cronenberg's 'Map to the Stars'". IndieWire. Retrieved February 4, 2013.  ^ "Cronenberg starts Maps shoot". Screen Daily. Retrieved July 16, 2013.  ^ " David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
Says His Novel May Arrive in 2013, Talks Working With Robert Pattinson, 'Map to the Stars' & More". IndieWire. Retrieved June 27, 2013.  ^ a b c d Henry Barnes (September 12, 2013). "David Cronenberg: 'I never thought of myself as a prophet'". The Guardian. Retrieved September 13, 2013.  ^ IFFR presents: The Nest by David Cronenberg. YouTube. June 26, 2014.  ^ ((http://www.indiewire.com/2016/05/david-cronenberg-why-hes-considering-retiring-from-filmmaking-290720/)) ^ Pevere, Geoff. "David Cronenberg's consuming obsession". Quill and Quire. Retrieved 16 November 2014.  ^ a b "Carolyn Cronenberg, Film Editor and Wife of David Cronenberg, Dies at 66". The Hollywoord Reporter. July 5, 2017.  ^ Mottram, James (October 21, 2007). "David Cronenberg: 'I'm not ready to embrace Hollywood
Hollywood
respectability quite yet". The Independent. Retrieved 8 January 2012.  ^ Cronenberg 1992, p. 84. ^ Guttsman, Janet (September 10, 2007). "Cronenberg gets down and dirty with Russian mob". Reuters.  "I'm an atheist," Cronenberg said." ^ "Interview". Esquire. February 1992.  "I'm simply a nonbeliever and have been forever. ... I'm interested in saying, 'Let us discuss the existential question. We are all going to die, that is the end of all consciousness. There is no afterlife. There is no God. Now what do we do.' That's the point where it starts getting interesting to me." ^ Jeremy Adam Smith (April 19, 2004). "The Ten Best Science Fiction Film Directors". strangehorizons.com. Retrieved May 18, 2011.  ^ "The world's 40 best directors". The Guardian. London. Retrieved May 18, 2011.  ^ "Greatest Directors Ever". Total Film. August 20, 2007. Retrieved May 18, 2011.  ^ Derry, Charles (1987), "More Dark Dreams: Some Notes on the Recent Horror Film", in Waller, Gregory, American Horrors: Essays on the Modern American Horror Film, Chicago: University of Illinois Press, p. 173, ISBN 0-252-01448-0  ^ "Festival de Cannes: Crash". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved September 15, 2009.  ^ "David Cronenberg, film director, Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
winner". Canada's Walk of Fame. Archived from the original on August 26, 2006.  ^ "Berlinale: 1999 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved January 29, 2012.  ^ " David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
biography". Governor General's Performing Arts Awards Foundation. Retrieved 4 February 2015.  ^ " Order of Canada
Order of Canada
Appointments". June 30, 2014. Retrieved July 1, 2014.  ^ Dupont, Joan (May 19, 2006). "Cronenberg: An intellectual with ominous powers". The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2011.  ^ "2006 New Fellow Citations" (PDF). Royal Society of Canada. January 9, 2007. Retrieved May 18, 2011.  ^ "Cronenberg to receive France's Légion d'honneur". CBC. March 12, 2009. Archived from the original on April 5, 2009. Retrieved January 25, 2010.  ^ "Diamond Jubilee Gala toasts exceptional Canadians". CBC. June 18, 2012. Retrieved June 19, 2012.  ^ "Evolution". tiff. Toronto
Toronto
International Film Festival Inc. September 2013. Archived from the original on September 9, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2013.  ^ "New Appointees to the Order of Ontario". January 23, 2014.  ^ 10-minute dramatic short for the TIFF exhibition David Cronenberg: Evolution ( Toronto
Toronto
2013/14); Howell, Peter (October 31, 2013). "David Cronenberg at TIFF: Evolution, Mugwumps and Kubrick". Toronto: The Star. Retrieved November 5, 2013.  ^ Cronenberg, David; Irwin, Mark (2004). Director David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
and Director of Photography Mark Irwin
Mark Irwin
commentary on Videodrome [DVD; Audio Track 2]. Criterion Collection. (According to the DVD, the commentary was recorded in Toronto
Toronto
and Los Angeles in the winter and spring of 2004)

Further reading[edit]

Dreibrodt, Thomas J. Dreibrodt (2000). Lang lebe das neue Fleisch. Die Filme von David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
— von 'Shivers' bis 'eXistenZ' (in German). ISBN 978-3-932872-05-1.  Handling, Piers (1983). The Shape of Rage: The Films of David Cronenberg. ISBN 978-0-7736-1137-5.  Humm, Maggie (1997). "Cronenberg's Films and Feminist Theories of Mothering". Feminism and Film. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-21146-0.  Newman, Kim (1989). Nightmare Movies: A Critical History of the Horror Film 1968–1988. ISBN 978-0-517-57366-2.  Robnik, Drehli Robnik; Palm, Michael, eds. (1992). Und das Wort ist Fleisch geworden. Texte über Filme von David Cronenberg. Vienna: PVS. ISBN 978-3-901196-02-7. 

External links[edit]

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Bibliography (via UC Berkeley) David Cronenberg
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Profile by The New York Times Magazine
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(September 2005) Teleplay episode "The Italian Machine" online at the Channel4 website (RealMedia)

v t e

Films directed by David Cronenberg

Feature films

Stereo (1969) Crimes of the Future
Crimes of the Future
(1970) Shivers (1975) Rabid (1977) Fast Company (1979) The Brood
The Brood
(1979) Scanners
Scanners
(1981) Videodrome (1983) The Dead Zone (1983) The Fly (1986) Dead Ringers (1988) Naked Lunch
Naked Lunch
(1991) M. Butterfly (1993) Crash (1996) Existenz
Existenz
(1999) Spider (2002) A History of Violence
A History of Violence
(2005) Eastern Promises
Eastern Promises
(2007) A Dangerous Method
A Dangerous Method
(2011) Cosmopolis (2012) Maps to the Stars
Maps to the Stars
(2014)

Short films

Transfer (1966) From the Drain (1967) Camera (2000) At the Suicide of the Last Jew in the World in the Last Cinema in the World (2007)

Awards for David Cronenberg

v t e

Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Director

Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(1985) David Lynch
David Lynch
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1988) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(1994) Mike Figgis
Mike Figgis
(1995) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
/ David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(2011) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) George Miller (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
/ Luca Guadagnino
Luca Guadagnino
(2017)

v t e

National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Director

Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1966) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1967) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1968) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1969) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1970) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1971) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1972) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1975) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1976) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1977) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(1978) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
/ Robert Benton (1979) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1980) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1981) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1982) Paolo Taviani and Vittorio Taviani (1983) Robert Bresson (1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) David Lynch
David Lynch
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) Philip Kaufman
Philip Kaufman
(1988) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(1994) Mike Figgis
Mike Figgis
(1995) Lars von Trier
Lars von Trier
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
(1997) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(1998) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2003) Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
(2004) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2007) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(2011) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2012) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Todd Haynes
Todd Haynes
(2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
(2016) Greta Gerwig
Greta Gerwig
(2017)

v t e

National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Screenplay

1967–2000

David Newman and Robert Benton (1967) John Cassavetes
John Cassavetes
(1968) Paul Mazursky
Paul Mazursky
and Larry Tucker (1969) Éric Rohmer
Éric Rohmer
(1970) Penelope Gilliatt (1971) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1972) George Lucas, Gloria Katz and Willard Huyck (1973) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1974) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1975) Alain Tanner
Alain Tanner
and John Berger
John Berger
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Paul Mazursky
Paul Mazursky
(1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980) John Guare
John Guare
(1981) Murray Schisgal and Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
(1982) Bill Forsyth
Bill Forsyth
(1983) Lowell Ganz, Babaloo Mandel and Bruce Jay Friedman (1984) Albert Brooks
Albert Brooks
and Monica Johnson (1985) Hanif Kureishi
Hanif Kureishi
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) Ron Shelton (1988) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
and Daniel Yost (1989) Charles Burnett (1990) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1991) David Webb Peoples (1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
and Roger Avary
Roger Avary
(1994) Amy Heckerling (1995) Albert Brooks
Albert Brooks
and Monica Johnson (1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Scott Frank (1998) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(1999) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2000)

2001–present

Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Ronald Harwood (2002) Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Noah Baumbach
Noah Baumbach
(2005) Peter Morgan (2006) Tamara Jenkins
Tamara Jenkins
(2007) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2008) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Asghar Farhadi
Asghar Farhadi
(2011) Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
(2012) Richard Linklater, Ethan Hawke, and Julie Delpy
Julie Delpy
(2013) Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson
(2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Greta Gerwig
Greta Gerwig
(2017)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
jury presidents

1946–1975

Georges Huisman (1946) Georges Huisman (1947) Georges Huisman (1949) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1951) Maurice Genevoix
Maurice Genevoix
(1952) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1953) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1954) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1955) Maurice Lehmann
Maurice Lehmann
(1956) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1957) Marcel Achard (1958) Marcel Achard (1959) Georges Simenon
Georges Simenon
(1960) Jean Giono (1961) Tetsurō Furukaki (1962) Armand Salacrou (1963) Fritz Lang
Fritz Lang
(1964) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1965) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1966) Alessandro Blasetti (1967) André Chamson
André Chamson
(1968) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1969) Miguel Ángel Asturias
Miguel Ángel Asturias
(1970) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1971) Joseph Losey
Joseph Losey
(1972) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1973) René Clair
René Clair
(1974) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1975)

1975–2000

Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1976) Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
(1977) Alan J. Pakula
Alan J. Pakula
(1978) Françoise Sagan
Françoise Sagan
(1979) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Jacques Deray (1981) Giorgio Strehler (1982) William Styron
William Styron
(1983) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
(1984) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1985) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1986) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1987) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1988) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1989) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1990) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1991) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1992) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1993) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1996) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1999) Luc Besson
Luc Besson
(2000)

2001–present

Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(2001) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2002) Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(2003) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2004) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(2005) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(2006) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2009) Tim Burton
Tim Burton
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(2012) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2013) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(2014) Joel and Ethan Coen (2015) George Miller (2016) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2017) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2018)

v t e

Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television award for Best Director

Canadian Film Awards 1966–1978

Ron Kelly (1966) Allan King
Allan King
and Ron Kelly (1967) Don Owen (1968) Peter Pearson (1969) Paul Almond
Paul Almond
(1970) Claude Jutra (1971) Gilles Carle (1972) David Acomba
David Acomba
(1973) no award (1974) Michel Brault (1975) Harvey Hart (1976) Jean Beaudin (1977) Daryl Duke
Daryl Duke
(1978)

Genie Awards 1980–2011

Bob Clark (1980) Francis Mankiewicz (1981) Gilles Carle (1982) Phillip Borsos (1983) Bob Clark / David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1984) Micheline Lanctôt (1985) Sandy Wilson (1986) Denys Arcand
Denys Arcand
(1987) Jean-Claude Lauzon
Jean-Claude Lauzon
(1988) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1989) Denys Arcand
Denys Arcand
(1990) Bruce Beresford (1991) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1992) François Girard (1993) Atom Egoyan
Atom Egoyan
(1994) Robert Lepage
Robert Lepage
(1995) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1996) Atom Egoyan
Atom Egoyan
(1997) François Girard (1998) Jeremy Podeswa (1999) Denis Villeneuve
Denis Villeneuve
(2000) Zacharias Kunuk (2001) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(2002) Denys Arcand
Denys Arcand
(2003) Francis Leclerc (2004) Jean-Marc Vallée
Jean-Marc Vallée
(2005) Charles Binamé (2006) Sarah Polley
Sarah Polley
(2007) Benoît Pilon (2008) Denis Villeneuve
Denis Villeneuve
(2009) Denis Villeneuve
Denis Villeneuve
(2010) Philippe Falardeau
Philippe Falardeau
(2011)

Canadian Screen Awards 2012–present

Kim Nguyen
Kim Nguyen
(2012) Denis Villeneuve
Denis Villeneuve
(2013) Xavier Dolan
Xavier Dolan
(2014) Lenny Abrahamson (2015) Xavier Dolan
Xavier Dolan
(2016) Aisling Walsh (2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 97752099 LCCN: n83327625 ISNI: 0000 0001 2283 3052 GND: 119114852 SUDOC: 028273397 BNF: cb120143264 (data) ULAN: 500253104 NDL: 00465087 ICCU: ITICCURAVV87559 BNE: XX1265976 SN

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