A convent is either a community of priests, religious brothers,
religious sisters, or nuns; or the building used by the community,
particularly in the
Roman Catholic Church
1 Etymology and usage 2 See also 3 References 4 External links
Etymology and usage
The term derives via Old French from Latin conventus, perfect
participle of the verb convenio, meaning to convene, to come together.
The original reference was to the gathering of mendicants who spent
much of their time travelling. Technically, a "monastery" or "nunnery"
is a community of monastics, whereas a "friary" or "convent" is a
community of mendicants, and a "canonry" a community of canons
regular. The terms "abbey" and "priory" can be applied to both
monasteries and canonries; an abbey is headed by an Abbot, and a
priory is a lesser dependent house headed by a Prior.
In English usage since about the 19th century the term "convent"
almost invariably refers to a community of women, while "monastery"
and "friary" are used for men. In historical usage they are often
interchangeable, with "convent" especially likely to be used for a
friary. When applied to religious houses in
Christian monasticism Enclosed religious order
^ See Etym on line
Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Convent". Catholic
Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Convents.
v t e
Secular clergy Consecrated virgin Hermit Religious institute
Cenobitic Enclosed Idiorrhythmic
Canons Regular Mendicants
Secular institute Society of apostolic life
Poverty Chastity Obedience
Profession Solemn vow Vow of silence Vow of enclosure
Abbey Cloister Convent Hermitage Priory Refectory List
Contemplation Liturgy of the Hours Mass Meditation Mysticism Rosary
Clerical clothing Coif Cornette Scapular Vestment
Abbot Abbess Brother Monk Friar Nun Master of novices Novice Oblate Postulant Provincial superior Prior Sister Superior general
Asceticism Tonsure Vocational discernment
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