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A convent is either a community of priests, religious brothers, religious sisters, or nuns; or the building used by the community, particularly in the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
and in the Anglican Communion.

Contents

1 Etymology and usage 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Etymology and usage[edit] The term derives via Old French from Latin conventus, perfect participle of the verb convenio, meaning to convene, to come together. The original reference was to the gathering of mendicants who spent much of their time travelling. Technically, a "monastery" or "nunnery" is a community of monastics, whereas a "friary" or "convent" is a community of mendicants, and a "canonry" a community of canons regular. The terms "abbey" and "priory" can be applied to both monasteries and canonries; an abbey is headed by an Abbot, and a priory is a lesser dependent house headed by a Prior. In English usage since about the 19th century the term "convent" almost invariably refers to a community of women,[1] while "monastery" and "friary" are used for men. In historical usage they are often interchangeable, with "convent" especially likely to be used for a friary. When applied to religious houses in Eastern Orthodoxy
Eastern Orthodoxy
and Buddhism, English refers to all houses of male religious as "monasteries" and of female religious "convents". See also[edit]

Christianity portal

Christian monasticism Enclosed religious order

References[edit]

^ See Etym on line

External links[edit]

 Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Convent". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.  Carmelite Monastery
Monastery
of the Sacred Hearts —- an example of a modern-day convent  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Convent". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

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Consecrated life
Consecrated life
in the Catholic Church

Types

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Orders

Monastic

Cenobitic Enclosed Idiorrhythmic

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Congregations

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Vows

Evangelical counsels

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Profession Solemn vow Vow of silence Vow of enclosure

Monastery

Abbey Cloister Convent Hermitage Priory Refectory List

Prayer

Contemplation Liturgy of the Hours Mass Meditation Mysticism Rosary

Habit

Clerical clothing Coif Cornette Scapular Vestment

Members

Abbot Abbess Brother Monk Friar Nun Master of novices Novice Oblate Postulant Provincial superior Prior Sister Superior general

Other

Asceticism Tonsure Vocational discernment

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