Bexar County (/bɛər/ BAIR, /ˈbeɪ.ər/ BAY-ər) is a county of
U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was
1,714,773, and a 2017 estimate put the population at 1,958,578. It
is the 17th-most populous county in the nation and the fourth-most
populated in Texas. Its county seat is San Antonio, the second-most
populous city in
Texas and the seventh-largest city in the United
Bexar County is included in the San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
metropolitan statistical area. Bexar county includes Government Canyon
state natural area in northwestern part of the county.
2.1 Major highways
2.2 Adjacent counties
2.3 National protected area
6 Property taxes
7.1 Cities (multiple counties)
7.2 Enclave cities within San Antonio
7.5 Census-designated places
7.6 Other unincorporated communities
8 Military installations
9 Notable people
11 See also
13 External links
Bexar County was created on December 20, 1836, and encompassed almost
the entire western portion of the Republic of Texas. This included the
disputed areas of western New Mexico northward to Wyoming. After
statehood, 128 counties were carved out of its area.
The county was named for
San Antonio de Béxar, one of the 23 Mexican
municipalities (administrative divisions) of
Texas at the time of its
San Antonio de Béxar—originally Villa de San Fernando
de Béxar—was the first civil government established by the Spanish
in the province of Texas. Specifically, the municipality was created
in 1731 when 55 Canary Islanders settled near the system of missions
that had been established around the source of the
San Antonio River.
The new settlement was named after the Presidio
San Antonio de Béjar,
the Spanish military outpost that protected the missions. The
presidio, located at the San Pedro Springs, was founded in 1718 and
named for Viceroy Balthasar Manuel de Zúñiga y Guzmán Sotomayor y
Sarmiento, second son of the Duke of
Béjar (a town in Spain). The
San Antonio in the U.S. State of
Texas also derived its
San Antonio de Béjar.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of
1,256 square miles (3,250 km2), of which 1,240 sq mi
(3,200 km2) is land and 16 sq mi (41 km2) (1.3%)
is water. Bexar County is in south-central Texas, about 190 miles
(305 km) west of
Houston and 140 mi (230 km) from both
the US-Mexican border to the southwest and the
Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico to the
The Balcones Escarpment bisects the county from west to northeast; to
the north of the escarpment are the rocky hills, springs and canyons
Texas Hill Country. South of the escarpment are Blackland
Prairie and the South
Texas plains. The
San Antonio River rises from
springs north of Downtown San Antonio, and flows southward and
southeastward through the county.
Bexar County has a comprehensive "wagon wheel" freeway system, with
radial freeways and beltways that encircle Downtown San Antonio,
allowing for simplified countywide freeway access, in a manner much
like the freeways around
Houston or Dallas.
San Antonio is unique,
however, in that unlike
Houston or Dallas, none of these highways is
U.S. Route 87
U.S. Route 90
U.S. Route 181
U.S. Route 281
State Highway 16
State Highway Loop 1604
Kendall County (north)
Comal County (north)
Guadalupe County (northeast)
Wilson County (southeast)
Atascosa County (south)
Medina County (west)
Bandera County (northwest)
National protected area
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park
U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010
United States Census, there were 1,714,773 people
residing in the county. Of those, 72.9% were White, 7.5% Black or
African American, 2.4% Asian, 0.8% Native American, 0.1% Pacific
Islander, 12.7% of some other race and 3.5% of two or more races.
58.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).
As of the census of 2000, 1,392,931 people, 488,942 households, and
345,681 families were residing in the county. The population density
was 1,117 inhabitants per square mile (431/km2). There were 521,359
housing units at an average density of 418 per square mile
(161/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.86% White, 7.18%
Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 1.61% Asian, 0.10%
Pacific Islander, 17.80% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more
races. About 54.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any
Of 488,942 households, 36.60% had children under the age of 18 living
with them, 50.50% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a
female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were not
families. About 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals
and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was
A Williams Institute analysis of 2010 census data found there were
about 6.2 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county.
In the county, the population was distributed as 28.50% under the age
of 18, 10.70% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 19.90% from 45 to
64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
32 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100
females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.
The median income for a household was $38,328, and for a family was
$43,724. Males had a median income of $30,756 versus $24,920 for
females. The per capita income for the county was $18,363. About
12.70% of families and 15.90% of the population were below the poverty
line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 12.20% of those age
65 or over.
The Bexar County jail facilities are at 200 North Comal in downtown
San Antonio. In late 2012, press reports noted an increase in the
number of suicides at the facility. The issue was a topic of debate in
the election for sheriff that year. The jail held an average of about
3,800 prisoners in 2012, making it the third-largest in the state
until it was decommissioned. Total Jail’s Capacity: 4,563
Sheriff Susan Pamerleau, a Republican whose job duties
include management of the jail, is the first woman elected to that
Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Dominguez Unit,
a state jail for men, in an unincorporated section of Bexar
In the fall of 2013, Bexar County opened BiblioTech - Bexar County's
Digital Library, the nation's first bookless library.
In 2016, for the third consecutive year, Bexar County increased the
appraised value of businesses and residences. Most will hence find
their property taxes will increase for the year, with higher payments
for some beginning as early as November 1. The latest 7.5 percent
increase in valuation follows an 11 percent rise in 2015, and a 7
percent jump in 2014. The 2016 total value for all property in the
county is approximately $163 billion, or $13 billion more than in
2015. County residents express dismay to Mary Kieke, the deputy chief
appraiser. "People are very upset. The tax system is absolutely
broken," she said.
Cities (multiple counties)
Elmendorf (small part in Wilson County)
Fair Oaks Ranch (partly in Kendall and Comal counties)
Lytle (mostly in Atascosa County and a small part in Medina County)
San Antonio (county seat) (small parts in Medina and Comal counties)
Schertz (partly in Guadalupe and Comal counties)
Selma (partly in Guadalupe and Comal counties)
City (small part in Guadalupe County)
Enclave cities within San Antonio
Hill Country Village
Other unincorporated communities
Brooks City-Base (decommissioned)
Fort Sam Houston
Kelly Air Force Base
Kelly Air Force Base (decommissioned)
Lackland Air Force Base
Randolph Air Force Base
San Antonio Military Medical Center
David Berchelmann, judge of two state district courts in Bexar County
Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, lawyer in his native San
Carol Burnett, comedian and actress, was born and grew up in San
Joan Crawford, actress, was born in San Antonio
Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th President of the United States; stationed
at Fort Sam
Houston in 1916
Al Freeman, Jr., was born in San Antonio; he became an actor, known
for ABC soap opera One Life to Live, and Malcolm X
Rick Galindo, Republican member of the
Texas House of Representatives
from District 117 in Bexar County
Mina Myoui, singer/dancer for South Korean group Twice, raised in
Nishinomiya, Hyōgo, Japan.
Cyndi Taylor Krier, first woman and first Republican to be elected to
Texas Senate from Bexar County (1985–1993), and first woman and
first Republican to be appointed as a Bexar County administrative
judge (1993 to 2001)
Art Martinez de Vara, mayor, historian and publisher
Tom Rickhoff, state court, appeals court, and probate court judge from
James Robertson Nowlin,
United States District Judge for the Western
District of Texas; one of the first two Republicans since
Reconstruction to represent Bexar County in the
Texas House of
Ciro D. Rodriguez, member of Congress, previously 28th District,
Texas, now 23rd District, Texas
Michelle Rodriguez, actress, James Cameron's Avatar
Robert Rodríguez, director of Spy Kids, Desperado, and Sin City
Joe Sage, one of the first two Republicans since Reconstruction, with
James Robertson Nowlin, to represent Bexar County in the
Alan Schoolcraft, former Republican member of the
Texas House of
Percy Sutton, former Manhattan Borough President, and civil rights
attorney; clients included Malcolm X, and the owner of the Apollo
Harlem and several radio stations
Carlos I. Uresti, member of the
Texas Senate from the 19th District
Kevin Patrick Yeary, judge of the
Texas Court of Criminal Appeals,
effective 2015; assistant district attorney for Bexar County,
Further information: Notables of San Antonio, Texas
Presidential Elections Results
List of museums in Central Texas
National Register of Historic Places listings in Bexar County, Texas
Texas Historic Landmarks in Bexar County
^ a b "American FactFinder".
United States Census Bureau. Retrieved
March 23, 2018.
^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the
original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files".
United States Census Bureau. August
22, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
^ "American FactFinder". Retrieved March 23, 2018.
^ "U.S. Decennial Census".
United States Census Bureau. Archived from
the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010"
Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
^ "American FactFinder".
United States Census Bureau. Archived from
the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
^ Where Same-Sex Couples Live, June 26, 2015, retrieved July 6,
^ "BCSO Location and Driving Directions". Bexar County. Retrieved
September 14, 2008.
^ Why have jail suicides soared under
Sheriff Ortiz's watch?, by
Michael Barajas, SA Current, 17 October 2012
^ "Bexar County Jail". Archived from the original on November 4,
^ "A Lifetime of Dedicated Service:
Sheriff Susan Lewellyn Pamerleau,
Major General (Ret.)". University of Wyoming. September 2013.
Retrieved October 6, 2015.
^ "Dominguez (BX)".
Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Archived
from the original on August 21, 2008. Retrieved September 14,
^ "Nation's first bookless library opens in San Antonio". Dallas
Morning News. January 3, 2014.
^ Bruce Selcraig, "Property valuations jump again: Most homeowners'
taxes also could rise",
San Antonio Express-News, April 29, 2016, pp.
^ Ambrose, Stephen (1983). Eisenhower: (vol. 1) Soldier, General of
the Army, President-Elect (1893–1952). New York: Simon &
Schuster. p. 56.
^ "Judge Rickhoff's Bio". tomrickhoff.blogspot.com. August 5, 2009.
Retrieved March 2, 2015.
Stephens, A. Ray, and William M. Holmes, Historical Atlas of Texas.
University of Oklahoma Press, 1989. ISBN 0-8061-2307-9
Bexar County government
Bexar County from the Handbook of
Bexar County from the
Bexar County from the TXGenWeb Project
Bexar County Jail Information
Historic Bexar County materials, hosted by the
Portal to Texas
Places adjacent to Bexar County, Texas
Kendall County and Comal County
Bexar County, Texas
Municipalities and communities of Bexar County, Texas, United States
County seat: San Antonio
Fair Oaks Ranch‡
Hill Country Village
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or
San Antonio–New Braunfels
Fair Oaks Ranch
Hill Country Village
Counties of Texas
State of Texas
National Historic Landmarks
Texas Historic Landmarks
National Register of Historic Places Sites
Seal of Texas
Deep East Texas
Rio Grande Valley
Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land
San Antonio–New Braunfels
See: List of counties in Texas
Coordinates: 29°27′N 98°31′W / 29.45°N 98.52°W /