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Bexar County (/bɛər/ BAIR, /ˈbeɪ.ər/ BAY-ər)[1] is a county of the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,714,773, and a 2017 estimate put the population at 1,958,578.[2] It is the 17th-most populous county in the nation and the fourth-most populated in Texas. Its county seat is San Antonio,[3] the second-most populous city in Texas
Texas
and the seventh-largest city in the United States. Bexar County is included in the San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX metropolitan statistical area. Bexar county includes Government Canyon state natural area in northwestern part of the county.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Major highways 2.2 Adjacent counties 2.3 National protected area

3 Demographics 4 Corrections 5 Libraries 6 Property taxes 7 Communities

7.1 Cities (multiple counties) 7.2 Enclave cities within San Antonio 7.3 Cities 7.4 Towns 7.5 Census-designated places 7.6 Other unincorporated communities

8 Military installations 9 Notable people 10 Politics 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

History Bexar County was created on December 20, 1836, and encompassed almost the entire western portion of the Republic of Texas. This included the disputed areas of western New Mexico northward to Wyoming. After statehood, 128 counties were carved out of its area. The county was named for San Antonio
San Antonio
de Béxar, one of the 23 Mexican municipalities (administrative divisions) of Texas
Texas
at the time of its independence. San Antonio
San Antonio
de Béxar—originally Villa de San Fernando de Béxar—was the first civil government established by the Spanish in the province of Texas. Specifically, the municipality was created in 1731 when 55 Canary Islanders settled near the system of missions that had been established around the source of the San Antonio
San Antonio
River. The new settlement was named after the Presidio San Antonio
San Antonio
de Béjar, the Spanish military outpost that protected the missions. The presidio, located at the San Pedro Springs, was founded in 1718 and named for Viceroy Balthasar Manuel de Zúñiga y Guzmán Sotomayor y Sarmiento, second son of the Duke of Béjar
Béjar
(a town in Spain). The modern City
City
of San Antonio
San Antonio
in the U.S. State of Texas
Texas
also derived its name from San Antonio
San Antonio
de Béjar. Geography According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,256 square miles (3,250 km2), of which 1,240 sq mi (3,200 km2) is land and 16 sq mi (41 km2) (1.3%) is water.[4] Bexar County is in south-central Texas, about 190 miles (305 km) west of Houston
Houston
and 140 mi (230 km) from both the US-Mexican border to the southwest and the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
to the southeast. The Balcones Escarpment bisects the county from west to northeast; to the north of the escarpment are the rocky hills, springs and canyons of the Texas
Texas
Hill Country. South of the escarpment are Blackland Prairie and the South Texas
Texas
plains. The San Antonio
San Antonio
River rises from springs north of Downtown San Antonio, and flows southward and southeastward through the county. Major highways Bexar County has a comprehensive "wagon wheel" freeway system, with radial freeways and beltways that encircle Downtown San Antonio, allowing for simplified countywide freeway access, in a manner much like the freeways around Houston
Houston
or Dallas. San Antonio
San Antonio
is unique, however, in that unlike Houston
Houston
or Dallas, none of these highways is currently tolled.

Interstate 10 Interstate 35 Interstate 37 Interstate 410 U.S. Route 87 U.S. Route 90 U.S. Route 181 U.S. Route 281 State Highway 16 State Highway Loop 1604

Adjacent counties

Kendall County (north) Comal County (north) Guadalupe County (northeast) Wilson County (southeast) Atascosa County (south) Medina County (west) Bandera County (northwest)

National protected area

San Antonio
San Antonio
Missions National Historical Park

Demographics

Historical population

Census Pop.

1850 6,052

1860 14,454

138.8%

1870 16,043

11.0%

1880 30,470

89.9%

1890 49,266

61.7%

1900 69,422

40.9%

1910 119,676

72.4%

1920 202,096

68.9%

1930 292,533

44.7%

1940 338,176

15.6%

1950 500,460

48.0%

1960 687,151

37.3%

1970 830,460

20.9%

1980 988,800

19.1%

1990 1,185,394

19.9%

2000 1,392,931

17.5%

2010 1,714,773

23.1%

Est. 2017 1,958,578 [5] 14.2%

U.S. Decennial Census[6] 1850–2010[7] 2010–2014[2]

As of the 2010 United States
United States
Census, there were 1,714,773 people residing in the county. Of those, 72.9% were White, 7.5% Black or African American, 2.4% Asian, 0.8% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 12.7% of some other race and 3.5% of two or more races. 58.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). As of the census[8] of 2000, 1,392,931 people, 488,942 households, and 345,681 families were residing in the county. The population density was 1,117 inhabitants per square mile (431/km2). There were 521,359 housing units at an average density of 418 per square mile (161/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.86% White, 7.18% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 1.61% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 17.80% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. About 54.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of 488,942 households, 36.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.50% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were not families. About 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.33. A Williams Institute analysis of 2010 census data found there were about 6.2 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county.[9] In the county, the population was distributed as 28.50% under the age of 18, 10.70% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 19.90% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males. The median income for a household was $38,328, and for a family was $43,724. Males had a median income of $30,756 versus $24,920 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,363. About 12.70% of families and 15.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 12.20% of those age 65 or over. Corrections The Bexar County jail facilities are at 200 North Comal in downtown San Antonio.[10] In late 2012, press reports noted an increase in the number of suicides at the facility. The issue was a topic of debate in the election for sheriff that year. The jail held an average of about 3,800 prisoners in 2012, making it the third-largest in the state until it was decommissioned.[11] Total Jail’s Capacity: 4,563 detainees.[12] Sheriff Susan Pamerleau, a Republican whose job duties include management of the jail, is the first woman elected to that position.[13] The Texas
Texas
Department of Criminal Justice operates the Dominguez Unit, a state jail for men, in an unincorporated section of Bexar County.[14] Libraries In the fall of 2013, Bexar County opened BiblioTech - Bexar County's Digital Library, the nation's first bookless library.[15] Property taxes In 2016, for the third consecutive year, Bexar County increased the appraised value of businesses and residences. Most will hence find their property taxes will increase for the year, with higher payments for some beginning as early as November 1. The latest 7.5 percent increase in valuation follows an 11 percent rise in 2015, and a 7 percent jump in 2014. The 2016 total value for all property in the county is approximately $163 billion, or $13 billion more than in 2015. County residents express dismay to Mary Kieke, the deputy chief appraiser. "People are very upset. The tax system is absolutely broken," she said.[16] Communities Cities (multiple counties)

Elmendorf (small part in Wilson County) Fair Oaks Ranch (partly in Kendall and Comal counties) Lytle (mostly in Atascosa County and a small part in Medina County) San Antonio
San Antonio
(county seat) (small parts in Medina and Comal counties) Schertz (partly in Guadalupe and Comal counties) Selma (partly in Guadalupe and Comal counties) Universal City
City
(small part in Guadalupe County)

Enclave cities within San Antonio

Alamo Heights Balcones Heights Castle Hills Hill Country Village Kirby Leon Valley Olmos Park Shavano Park Terrell Hills

Cities

Converse Grey Forest Helotes Live Oak Sandy Oaks Somerset Von Ormy Windcrest

Towns

China Grove Hollywood Park St. Hedwig

Census-designated places

Cross Mountain Lackland AFB Macdona Randolph AFB Scenic Oaks Timberwood Park

Other unincorporated communities

Adkins Atascosa Leon Springs Losoya Martinez Sayers Stone Oak

Military installations

Brooks City-Base (decommissioned) Camp Bullis Fort Sam Houston Kelly Air Force Base
Kelly Air Force Base
(decommissioned) Lackland Air Force Base Randolph Air Force Base San Antonio
San Antonio
Military Medical Center

Notable people

David Berchelmann, judge of two state district courts in Bexar County and the Texas
Texas
Court of Criminal Appeals, lawyer in his native San Antonio Carol Burnett, comedian and actress, was born and grew up in San Antonio Joan Crawford, actress, was born in San Antonio Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th President of the United States; stationed at Fort Sam Houston
Houston
in 1916[17] Al Freeman, Jr., was born in San Antonio; he became an actor, known for ABC soap opera One Life to Live, and Malcolm X Rick Galindo, Republican member of the Texas
Texas
House of Representatives from District 117 in Bexar County Mina Myoui, singer/dancer for South Korean group Twice, raised in Nishinomiya, Hyōgo, Japan. Cyndi Taylor Krier, first woman and first Republican to be elected to the Texas
Texas
Senate from Bexar County (1985–1993), and first woman and first Republican to be appointed as a Bexar County administrative judge (1993 to 2001) Art Martinez de Vara, mayor, historian and publisher Tom Rickhoff, state court, appeals court, and probate court judge from San Antonio[18] James Robertson Nowlin, United States
United States
District Judge for the Western District of Texas; one of the first two Republicans since Reconstruction to represent Bexar County in the Texas
Texas
House of Representatives Ciro D. Rodriguez, member of Congress, previously 28th District, Texas, now 23rd District, Texas Michelle Rodriguez, actress, James Cameron's Avatar Robert Rodríguez, director of Spy Kids, Desperado, and Sin City Joe Sage, one of the first two Republicans since Reconstruction, with James Robertson Nowlin, to represent Bexar County in the Texas
Texas
House of Representatives Alan Schoolcraft, former Republican member of the Texas
Texas
House of Representatives Percy Sutton, former Manhattan Borough President, and civil rights attorney; clients included Malcolm X, and the owner of the Apollo Theater in Harlem
Harlem
and several radio stations Carlos I. Uresti, member of the Texas
Texas
Senate from the 19th District Kevin Patrick Yeary, judge of the Texas
Texas
Court of Criminal Appeals, effective 2015; assistant district attorney for Bexar County, 1998-2014

Further information: Notables of San Antonio, Texas Politics

Presidential Elections Results[19]

Year Republican Democratic Third Parties

2016 40.4% 240,333 53.7% 319,550 5.8% 34,691

2012 46.9% 241,617 51.5% 264,856 1.6% 8,237

2008 46.7% 246,275 52.2% 275,527 1.1% 5,690

2004 54.9% 260,698 44.4% 210,976 0.8% 3,640

2000 52.2% 215,613 44.9% 185,158 2.9% 11,955

1996 44.6% 161,619 49.7% 180,308 5.7% 20,562

1992 40.7% 168,816 41.5% 172,513 17.8% 73,947

1988 52.3% 193,192 47.1% 174,036 0.7% 2,521

1984 59.7% 203,319 40.2% 136,947 0.2% 560

1980 51.7% 159,578 44.7% 137,729 3.6% 11,167

1976 44.6% 121,176 54.0% 146,581 1.4% 3,673

1972 59.8% 137,572 39.8% 91,662 0.4% 959

1968 39.5% 72,951 51.6% 95,325 9.0% 16,598

1964 32.9% 53,469 66.9% 108,658 0.2% 393

1960 45.6% 63,934 53.7% 75,373 0.7% 938

1956 58.2% 65,901 41.3% 46,790 0.6% 640

1952 56.3% 65,391 43.3% 50,260 0.4% 485

1948 39.5% 26,202 54.3% 35,970 6.2% 4,107

1944 39.0% 23,588 58.0% 35,024 3.0% 1,815

1940 32.2% 18,270 67.4% 38,214 0.4% 212

1936 26.4% 12,951 73.1% 35,781 0.5% 250

1932 16.4% 7,466 82.8% 37,765 0.8% 363

1928 49.7% 16,477 50.1% 16,626 0.2% 57

1924 40.1% 9,898 43.9% 10,838 16.1% 3,963

1920 52.2% 8,894 40.6% 6,926 7.2% 1,226

1916 43.1% 5,483 55.1% 7,008 1.8% 223

1912 12.1% 1,021 57.8% 4,864 30.1% 2,534

See also

Texas
Texas
portal

List of museums in Central Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Bexar County, Texas Recorded Texas
Texas
Historic Landmarks in Bexar County

References

^ http://www.bexar.org/1320/Bexar-County-History ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved March 23, 2018.  ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.  ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States
United States
Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2015.  ^ "American FactFinder". Retrieved March 23, 2018.  ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 19, 2015.  ^ " Texas
Texas
Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas
Texas
Almanac. Retrieved April 19, 2015.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14.  ^ Where Same-Sex Couples Live, June 26, 2015, retrieved July 6, 2015  ^ "BCSO Location and Driving Directions". Bexar County. Retrieved September 14, 2008.  ^ Why have jail suicides soared under Sheriff Ortiz's watch?, by Michael Barajas, SA Current, 17 October 2012 ^ "Bexar County Jail". Archived from the original on November 4, 2013.  ^ "A Lifetime of Dedicated Service: Sheriff Susan Lewellyn Pamerleau, Major General (Ret.)". University of Wyoming. September 2013. Retrieved October 6, 2015.  ^ "Dominguez (BX)". Texas
Texas
Department of Criminal Justice. Archived from the original on August 21, 2008. Retrieved September 14, 2008.  ^ "Nation's first bookless library opens in San Antonio". Dallas Morning News. January 3, 2014.  ^ Bruce Selcraig, "Property valuations jump again: Most homeowners' taxes also could rise", San Antonio
San Antonio
Express-News, April 29, 2016, pp. 1, A12 ^ Ambrose, Stephen (1983). Eisenhower: (vol. 1) Soldier, General of the Army, President-Elect (1893–1952). New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 56.  ^ "Judge Rickhoff's Bio". tomrickhoff.blogspot.com. August 5, 2009. Retrieved March 2, 2015.  ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Stephens, A. Ray, and William M. Holmes, Historical Atlas of Texas. University of Oklahoma Press, 1989. ISBN 0-8061-2307-9

External links

Bexar County government Bexar County from the Handbook of Texas
Texas
Online Bexar County from the Texas
Texas
Almanac Bexar County from the TXGenWeb Project Bexar County Jail Information Historic Bexar County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.

Places adjacent to Bexar County, Texas

Bandera County Kendall County and Comal County Guadalupe County

Medina County

Bexar County, Texas

Atascosa County Wilson County

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Bexar County, Texas, United States

County seat: San Antonio

Cities

Alamo Heights Balcones Heights Castle Hills Cibolo‡ Converse Elmendorf‡ Fair Oaks Ranch‡ Grey Forest Helotes Hill Country Village Kirby Leon Valley Live Oak Lytle‡ Olmos Park San Antonio‡ Sandy Oaks Schertz‡ Selma‡ Shavano Park Somerset Terrell Hills Universal City‡ Von Ormy Windcrest

Towns

China Grove Hollywood Park St. Hedwig

CDPs

Cross Mountain Lackland AFB Macdona Randolph AFB Scenic Oaks Timberwood Park

Other unincorporated communities

Adkins Atascosa Leon Springs Losoya Martinez Sayers Wetmore

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

San Antonio–New Braunfels

Central city

San Antonio

Counties

Atascosa Bandera Bexar Comal Guadalupe Kendall Medina Wilson

Satellite cities

New Braunfels Seguin

Municipalities 25k–50k

Cibolo Schertz

Municipalities 10k–25k

Boerne Canyon Lake Converse Leon Valley Live Oak Timberwood Park Universal City

Municipalities 5k–10k

Alamo Heights Bulverde Fair Oaks Ranch Floresville Helotes Hondo Kirby Lackland AFB Lakehills Pleasanton Selma Terrell Hills Windcrest

Municipalities 1k–5k

Balcones Heights Castle Hills Castroville Charlotte China Grove Comfort Cross Mountain Devine Elmendorf Garden Ridge Hill Country Village Hollywood Park Jourdanton LaCoste La Vernia Lake Dunlap Lytle Marion McQueeney Natalia Nixon (partial) Northcliff (former) Olmos Park Poteet Poth Randolph AFB Redwood Sandy Oaks Scenic Oaks Shavano Park Somerset St. Hedwig Stockdale Von Ormy

Municipalities <1k

Bandera Christine Geronimo Grey Forest Kingsbury New Berlin Santa Clara Spring Branch Staples

Unincorporated communities

Adkins Amphion Atascosa Bandera Falls Carpenter D'Hanis Dunlay Fischer Kicaster Leming Leon Springs Losoya Macdona Martinez Medina Mico Pearson Pandora Pipe Creek Rio Medina Saspamco Sayers Sisterdale Sutherland Springs Tarpley Vanderpool Waring Yancey Zuehl

v t e

Counties of Texas

Anderson Andrews Angelina Aransas Archer Armstrong Atascosa Austin Bailey Bandera Bastrop Baylor Bee Bell Bexar Blanco Borden Bosque Bowie Brazoria Brazos Brewster Briscoe Brooks Brown Burleson Burnet Caldwell Calhoun Callahan Cameron Camp Carson Cass Castro Chambers Cherokee Childress Clay Cochran Coke Coleman Collin Collingsworth Colorado Comal Comanche Concho Cooke Coryell Cottle Crane Crockett Crosby Culberson Dallam Dallas Dawson Deaf Smith Delta Denton DeWitt Dickens Dimmit Donley Duval Eastland Ector Edwards El Paso Ellis Erath Falls Fannin Fayette Fisher Floyd Foard Fort Bend Franklin Freestone Frio Gaines Galveston Garza Gillespie Glasscock Goliad Gonzales Gray Grayson Gregg Grimes Guadalupe Hale Hall Hamilton Hansford Hardeman Hardin Harris Harrison Hartley Haskell Hays Hemphill Henderson Hidalgo Hill Hockley Hood Hopkins Houston Howard Hudspeth Hunt Hutchinson Irion Jack Jackson Jasper Jeff Davis Jefferson Jim Hogg Jim Wells Johnson Jones Karnes Kaufman Kendall Kenedy Kent Kerr Kimble King Kinney Kleberg Knox La Salle Lamar Lamb Lampasas Lavaca Lee Leon Liberty Limestone Lipscomb Live Oak Llano Loving Lubbock Lynn Madison Marion Martin Mason Matagorda Maverick McCulloch McLennan McMullen Medina Menard Midland Milam Mills Mitchell Montague Montgomery Moore Morris Motley Nacogdoches Navarro Newton Nolan Nueces Ochiltree Oldham Orange Palo Pinto Panola Parker Parmer Pecos Polk Potter Presidio Rains Randall Reagan Real Red River Reeves Refugio Roberts Robertson Rockwall Runnels Rusk Sabine San Augustine San Jacinto San Patricio San Saba Schleicher Scurry Shackelford Shelby Sherman Smith Somervell Starr Stephens Sterling Stonewall Sutton Swisher Tarrant Taylor Terrell Terry Throckmorton Titus Tom Green Travis Trinity Tyler Upshur Upton Uvalde Val Verde Van Zandt Victoria Walker Waller Ward Washington Webb Wharton Wheeler Wichita Wilbarger Willacy Williamson Wilson Winkler Wise Wood Yoakum Young Zapata Zavala

v t e

 State of Texas

Austin (capital)

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Texas
Historic Landmarks National Register of Historic Places Sites Sports Symbols Texans Tourist attractions Transportation

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Regions

Ark‑La‑Tex Big Bend Blackland Prairies Brazos Valley Central Texas Coastal Bend Concho Valley Cross Timbers Deep East Texas East Texas Edwards Plateau Golden Triangle Hill Country Llano Estacado Northeast Texas North Texas Osage Plains Panhandle Permian Basin Piney Woods Rio Grande Valley Southeast Texas South Plains South Texas Texoma Trans-Pecos West Texas

Metropolitan areas

Abilene Amarillo Austin–Round Rock Beaumont–Port Arthur Brownsville–Harlingen College Station–Bryan Corpus Christi Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington El Paso Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land Killeen–Temple Laredo Longview Lubbock McAllen–Edinburg–Mission Midland Odessa San Angelo San Antonio–New Braunfels Sherman–Denison Texarkana Tyler Victoria Waco Wichita Falls

Counties

See: List of counties in Texas

Coordinates: 29°27′N 98°31′W / 29.45°N 98.52°W / 2

.