HOME
The Info List - Belfort


--- Advertisement ---



1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Belfort
Belfort
(French pronunciation: ​[bɛl.fɔʁ]) is a city in northeastern France
France
in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
région, situated between Lyon
Lyon
and Strasbourg. It is the biggest town and also the administrative centre of the Territoire de Belfort
Territoire de Belfort
département. Belfort
Belfort
is 400 km (249 mi) from Paris, 141 km (88 mi) from Strasbourg, 290 km (180 mi) from Lyon
Lyon
and 150 km (93 mi) from Zürich. The residents of the city are called "Belfortains". The city is located on the Savoureuse river, on a strategically important natural route between the Rhine
Rhine
and the Rhône – the Belfort Gap
Belfort Gap
(Trouée de Belfort) or Burgundian Gate (Porte de Bourgogne). It is located approximately 16 km (10 mi) south from the base of the Ballon d'Alsace
Ballon d'Alsace
mountain range, source of the Savoureuse. The city of Belfort
Belfort
has 50,199 inhabitants.[1] Together with its suburbs and satellite towns, Belfort forms the largest agglomeration (metropolitan area) in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
region with an urban population of 308,601 inhabitants.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Economy 3 Transport

3.1 Road 3.2 Air 3.3 Rail links 3.4 Local transport 3.5 Cycling tracks

4 Sights 5 Culture

5.1 Eurockéennes 5.2 FIMU

6 Personalities

6.1 Births 6.2 Deaths

7 International relations 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit]

November 25, 1944: a French woman exclaims to neighbor and American soldier: "Tout Belfort
Belfort
est libre" (All Belfort
Belfort
is free).

Belfort's strategic location, in a natural gap between the Vosges and the Jura, on a route linking the Rhine
Rhine
and the Rhône, has attracted human settlement since Roman times, and has also made it a frequent target for invading armies. The site of Belfort
Belfort
was inhabited in Gallo-Roman times. It was subsequently recorded in the 13th century as a possession of the counts of Montbéliard, who granted it a charter in 1307. Previously an Austrian possession, Belfort
Belfort
was transferred to France by the Treaty of Westphalia
Treaty of Westphalia
(1648), which ended the Thirty Years' War. The town's fortifications were extended and developed by the military architect Vauban
Vauban
for Louis XIV. Until 1871, Belfort
Belfort
was part of the département of Haut-Rhin, in Alsace. The Siege of Belfort
Siege of Belfort
(between 3 November 1870 and 18 February 1871) was successfully resisted until the garrison was ordered to surrender 21 days after the armistice between France
France
and Prussia. The region was not annexed by Prussia
Prussia
like the rest of Alsace
Alsace
and was exchanged for other territories in the vicinity of Metz. It formed, as it still does, the Territoire de Belfort. The siege is commemorated by a huge statue, the Lion of Belfort, by Frédéric Bartholdi. Alsatians who sought a new French home in Belfort
Belfort
made a significant contribution to its industry (see Société Alsacienne de Constructions Mécaniques). The town was bombarded by the German army during World War I and occupied by it during World War II. In November 1944 the retreating German army held off the French First Army
French First Army
outside the town until French Commandos made a successful night attack on the Salbert Fort. Belfort
Belfort
was liberated on 22 November 1944. Economy[edit] Belfort
Belfort
is a centre for heavy engineering industries, mostly dedicated to railways and turbines. Belfort
Belfort
is the hometown of Alstom
Alstom
where the first TGVs (Trains à Grande Vitesse, High Speed Trains) were produced, as well as being the GE Energy European headquarter and a centre of excellence for the manufacturing of gas turbines. Transport[edit]

"All united for Belfort." Demonstration for Alstom
Alstom
against the loss of 6,500 jobs.

Belfort
Belfort
in the road and train network of Franche-Comté

Road[edit] Like many other European cities, the volume of road traffic in Belfort continues to increases and dominates transport.[3] Belfort
Belfort
is situated at only 25 mi (40 km) from the commercial port of Mulhouse-Rhin which allows international trade. The motorway A36 from Beaune to Mulhouse
Mulhouse
follows a route to the south and east of the city, and forms the main axis linking Belfort
Belfort
to other French and European cities. N19 is another major route which joins the south of Belfort with Paris, Nancy and Switzerland. Air[edit] EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg
EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg
is located about 60 km (37 mi) east of Belfort
Belfort
(1 hour drive). Rail links[edit]

SNCF
SNCF
station of Belfort-Ville

Belfort
Belfort
is well connected with the rest of France, with direct connections by train to major destinations such as Paris, Dijon, Besançon, Mulhouse, Strasbourg, Lyon, Marseille, Montpellier
Montpellier
and Lille, including high-speed trains. Some trains operate into Switzerland, such as Basel
Basel
and Zürich
Zürich
stations. There is also a train service to Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt am Main
in Germany. Regional services connect Belfort
Belfort
to Montbéliard, Besançon, Mulhouse, Vesoul, Épinal
Épinal
and Nancy.

Gare de Belfort
Gare de Belfort
is the main railway station in the centre of the city. Gare de Belfort
Gare de Belfort
Montbéliard
Montbéliard
TGV
TGV
is the high speed railway station, 9 km (6 mi) south of the city.

From 2017, regional trains will connect Belfort
Belfort
with Belfort- Montbéliard
Montbéliard
TGV
TGV
station using the new Belfort– Delle
Delle
railway link. This service will link Belfort
Belfort
and the surrounding area to Switzerland, and the high-speed train link will connect Swiss towns such as Delémont, Bern, Fribourg
Fribourg
and Lausanne
Lausanne
to Paris
Paris
and other cities.[4] Before 2020, the service Épinal- Belfort
Belfort
will be electrified and modernized. This will allow a link between LGV Est
LGV Est
and LGV Rhin-Rhône
LGV Rhin-Rhône
in Belfort- Montbéliard
Montbéliard
TGV
TGV
station, opening new destinations like Nancy, Metz
Metz
and Luxembourg.[5] Local transport[edit]

Cycling is a good way to explore the beauty of nature around Belfort

A local bus network Optymo operates within Belfort
Belfort
(www.optymo.fr). Tickets can be bought from any newsagent in the city, or a bus passenger can send a sms 'BUS' to 84100 and show the confirmation sms as a ticket. Cycling tracks[edit] The region of Belfort
Belfort
already offers around 70 km (43 mi) of cycling tracks with more under construction. Visit the local tourist office for information on the latest additions including the 'Coulée verte' to the west, malsaucy-giromany to the north and the Euro Velo 6 about 20 km (12 mi) to the south. There are many organised cycling events, offering the opportunity for people to explore the area in the company of an official guide. Sights[edit]

Lion of Belfort

The Belfort Synagogue
Belfort Synagogue
erected in 1857.

Belfort
Belfort
is the home of the Lion of Belfort, a sculpture (that expressed people's resistance against the siege in the Franco-Prussian War (1870)) by Frédéric Bartholdi
Frédéric Bartholdi
– who shortly afterwards built the Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty
in New York. The Belfort
Belfort
Citadel - A unique example of Vauban
Vauban
pentagonal fortifications. The Belfort
Belfort
Cathedral, 18th century The Belfort Synagogue
Belfort Synagogue
erected in 1857. The old town The Belfort
Belfort
city museums are structured within three main poles:

History (from archeology to military) in the old barracks on the top of the citadel. Art (mainly from 16th to 19th century) in the Tour 41. Modern Art in the Donation Jardot.

Since July 2007, a tourist sight of the citadel has been open to the public – with a sound-, video- and light-animated trail in the moats and the big underpass of the citadel. Its name: "La Citadelle de la Liberté" (Citadel of Liberty). By climbing on a tall building or going up the nearby mountains on a clear day, the ice-capped mountains of the Alps in Switzerland
Switzerland
can be seen. Grand souterrain de la citadelle de Belfort- An underground passage of Belfort
Belfort
Citadel.[6]

Culture[edit] Eurockéennes[edit] Belfort's best known cultural event is the annual Eurockéennes, one of France's largest rock music festivals. FIMU[edit]

FIMU in 2013.

Belfort
Belfort
is also well known for hosting the annual Festival International de Musique Universitaire (FIMU) held in May each year.[7] FIMU usually involves over 250 concerts at different locations around the city and around 2500 musicians, most of them students or amateur groups from countries across Europe and the rest of the world. Music styles performed are extremely diverse and include traditional, folk, rock, jazz, classical and experimental. Personalities[edit] Births[edit] Belfort
Belfort
was the birthplace of:

Joseph de La Porte (1714–1779), 18th-century Jesuit, literary critic, poet and playwright. Marie-Anne Françoise Brideau (1751-1794), Carmelite nun (Sœur Saint Louis), one of the sixteen Martyrs of Compiègne François Joseph Heim
François Joseph Heim
(1787–1865), painter Jules Brunet
Jules Brunet
(1838–1911), a member of the first French Military Mission to Japan in order to help modernize the armies of the shogunate Louis-Gabriel-Charles Vicaire
Louis-Gabriel-Charles Vicaire
(1848–1900), poet Tahar Rahim
Tahar Rahim
(1981– ), actor Raymond Forni
Raymond Forni
(1941–2008), politician Jean-Pierre Chevènement
Jean-Pierre Chevènement
(9 mars 1939), politician Gérard Grisey (born 1946–1998), composer Alexander Toponce
Alexander Toponce
(1839–1923), American pioneer Frederic Duplus, footballer John Glele, footballer Pierre Macherey (1938- ), literary critic

Deaths[edit]

Léon Delarbre, painter – known from his drawings for the Shoah camps

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France Belfort
Belfort
is twinned with:[8]

Delémont, Switzerland[8] Leonberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany[8] Castel San Pietro Terme, Italy Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine[8][9] Stafford, United Kingdom[8] Tanghin-Dassouri, Burkina Faso[8]

See also[edit]

Communes of the Territoire de Belfort
Territoire de Belfort
department Fortified region of Belfort The works of Antonin Mercié

References[edit]

INSEE

^ "Population légale par commune". INSEE. Retrieved 4 January 2010.  ^ "Population légale 2009" (PDF). AUTB. Retrieved 13 January 2012.  ^ "Mobilité et transports" (PDF). Agence d'Urbanisme du Territoire de Belfort
Belfort
(in French). 2010. Retrieved 28 December 2011.  ^ "La liaison Belfort-Delle" (in French). Facs. 2009. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2011.  ^ "La liaison Épinal-Belfort" (in French). Facs. 2009. Archived from the original on 29 December 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2011.  ^ La Citadelle de la Liberté, a new way of visiting Belfort's magnificent citadel Archived 2 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine. (in French) ^ FIMU Music festival website (in French) ^ a b c d e f " Belfort
Belfort
- Les Relations Internationales" [ Belfort
Belfort
- International Relations]. Belfort
Belfort
Mairie (in French). Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2013-12-21.  ^ Міста-побратими м. Запоріжжя [Twin Cities Zaporozhye]. City of Zaporizhia (in Ukrainian). Шановні відвідувачі і користувачі сайту. Archived from the original on 2012-08-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Belfort.

City council website (in French) La place forte de Belfort
Belfort
1870 – 1914 (in French) Tourist office website Visiting Belfort Webpage about the fortifications Léon Delarbre (in French) Georges Vérez. Sculptor of Belfort
Belfort
War Memorial.

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Communes of the Territoire de Belfort
Territoire de Belfort
department

Andelnans Angeot Anjoutey Argiésans Autrechêne Auxelles-Bas Auxelles-Haut Banvillars Bavilliers Beaucourt Belfort Bermont Bessoncourt Bethonvilliers Boron Botans Bourg-sous-Châtelet Bourogne Brebotte Bretagne Buc Charmois Châtenois-les-Forges Chaux Chavanatte Chavannes-les-Grands Chèvremont Courcelles Courtelevant Cravanche Croix Cunelières Danjoutin Delle Denney Dorans Eguenigue Éloie Essert Étueffont Évette-Salbert Faverois Fêche-l'Église Felon Florimont Fontaine Fontenelle Foussemagne Frais Froidefontaine Giromagny Grandvillars Grosmagny Grosne Joncherey Lachapelle-sous-Chaux Lachapelle-sous-Rougemont Lacollonge Lagrange Lamadeleine-Val-des-Anges Larivière Lebetain Lepuix Lepuix-Neuf Leval Menoncourt Meroux Méziré Montbouton Montreux-Château Morvillars Moval Novillard Offemont Pérouse Petit-Croix Petitefontaine Petitmagny Phaffans Réchésy Recouvrance Reppe Riervescemont Romagny-sous-Rougemont Roppe Rougegoutte Rougemont-le-Château Saint-Dizier-l'Évêque Saint-Germain-le-Châtelet Sermamagny Sevenans Suarce Thiancourt Trévenans Urcerey Valdoie Vauthiermont Vellescot Vescemont Vétrigne Vézelois Villars-le-Sec

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 141899400 LCCN: n81018655 ISNI: 0000 0001 2238 5253 GND: 4087112-5 BNF: cb152799516 (data)

This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French. (February 2016) Click [show] for important translation instructions.

View a machine-translated version of the French article. Google's machine translation is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary (using German): Content in this edit is translated from the existing German article at [[:de:Exact name of German article]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template Translatedfr Belfort
Belfort
to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wiki

.