Battenberg Cup
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The Battenberg Cup is an award given annually as a symbol of operational excellence to the best ship or
submarine A submarine (or sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater. It differs from a submersible, which has more limited underwater capability. The term is also sometimes used historically or colloquially to refer to remotely op ...
in the
United States Navy The United States Navy (USN) is the maritime military branch, service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the eight uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most powerful navy in the world, with the es ...
Atlantic Fleet. The cup was originally awarded as a
trophy A trophy is a tangible, durable reminder of a specific achievement, and serves as a recognition or evidence of merit. Trophies are often awarded for sports, sporting events, from youth sports to professional level athletics. In many sports medals ...
to the winner of cutter or longboat rowing competitions between crews of American and British naval ships. In more recent years it has been presented to the Battle Efficiency "E" winner selected as the best all-around ship of the Fleet based on crew achievements. These include performance in competition for Atlantic Fleet Sportsmanship Award, TYCOM Sailor of the Year Award, Golden Anchor Award (for retention), Captain Edward F. Ney Memorial Award (for food service), and command excellence awards. Other information, such as operating schedules, commitments and unusual factors contributing to the nomination may also be considered.


History

In 1905,
Prince Louis of Battenberg Admiral of the Fleet (Royal Navy), Admiral of the Fleet Louis Alexander Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, (24 May 185411 September 1921), formerly Prince Louis Alexander of Battenberg, was a British naval officer and German prince re ...
, commanding the five ships of the Royal Navy's 2nd Cruiser Squadron, visited the
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, making port visits in
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,
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and
Washington, D.C. ) , image_skyline = , image_caption = Clockwise from top left: the Washington Monument The Washington Monument is an obelisk shaped building within the National Mall in Washington, D.C., built to commemorate Geor ...
Shortly after his return to England, Battenberg sent the cup to
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Robley Evans who at the time commanded the US North Atlantic Fleet. Battenberg requested the trophy become a challenge cup between enlisted men of the two navies. The challenge rules were set up for cutter racing, including a provision that British sailors could compete with their American counterparts "whenever a ship holding the cup would fall in with a British Man-O-War." Only once in 34 years of competition (in 1907 during the Jamestown Exposition in
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,
Virginia Virginia, officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic (United States), Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern United States, Southeastern regions of the United States, between the East Coast of the United Stat ...
) and 52 challenges did the Americans lose the cup to the British. The rowing competition was discontinued due to
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and never resumed. The cup was present at the
attack on Pearl Harbor The attack on Pearl HarborAlso known as the Battle of Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service upon the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as t ...
on 7 December 1941 aboard , the last ship to win the cup. It survived the sinking of the ''West Virginia'' during the attack and remained aboard as she was raised, refitted and returned to the war. The ship retained custody of the cup until her decommissioning in 1947 when the cup was displayed at several Navy commands. It was eventually placed in the Navy Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. until the competition reemerged in 1978 with new criteria. The side of the , silver-plated cup is engraved, ''"To the enlisted men of the North Atlantic Fleet from their British cousins of the 2nd Cruiser Squadron. In grateful remembrance of the many kindnesses, tokens of good fellowship and wonderful entertainments that were given to them in cordial friendship by their comrades across the sea."'' It features the crossed ensigns of the US Navy and Royal Navy.


Winners

*2021 - *2020 - *2019 – *2018 – *2017 – *2016 – *2015 – *2014 – *2013 – *2012 – *2011 – *2010 – *2009 – *2008 – *2007 – *2006 – *2005 – *2004 – *2003 – *2002 – *2001 – *2000 – *1999 – *1998 – *1997 – *1996 – *1995 – *1994 – *1993 – *1992 – *1991 – *1988 – *1986 – *1985 – *1983 – *1982 – *1980 – *1979 – *1978 – *1978 – *1941–1977 – NO AWARD *1940 – *1939 – *1937 – *1936 – *1935 – *1934 – *1931 – *1929 – *1928 October – *1928 March – *1927 October – *1920 – *1919 – *1918 – Stillwell, ''Arizona'', 31. *1909 – *1907 – *1906 –


References


Bibliography

* Stillwell, Paul. ''Battleship Arizona; An Illustrated History''. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1991. . {{oclc, 23654474. Awards established in 1905 American awards Awards and decorations of the United States Navy 1905 establishments in the United States