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Banffshire
Banffshire
(/ˈbæmfʃər/; Scots: Coontie o Banffshire, Scottish Gaelic: Siorrachd Bhanbh) is a historic county, registration county[1] and lieutenancy area of Scotland.

Contents

1 Local government
Local government
council 2 History 3 Civil parishes 4 Principal mansions 5 Castles in Banffshire 6 Notable residents 7 Surnames 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Local government
Local government
council[edit] The county town was Banff although the largest community was Buckie
Buckie
to the west. It borders the Moray Firth
Moray Firth
to the north, Moray
Moray
and Inverness-shire
Inverness-shire
to the west, and Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
to the south. Until 1891 the county contained various exclaves which were locally situated in Aberdeenshire, the biggest being the parish and village of St. Fergus.[2] Between 1890 and 1975 the County of Banff, also known as Banffshire, had its own county council. In 1975 its Local Government council administration was superseded and divided between Moray
Moray
council and Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
councils. From 1975 to 1996, its local government lay within the Grampian Region. History[edit]

Cullen Castle, Banffshire

Considerable evidence of prehistoric human habitation exists particularly near the coastal area. For example, the Longman Hill cairn[3] and Cairn
Cairn
Lee are situated in the northern portion of Banffshire
Banffshire
in the vicinity of the Burn of Myrehouse.[4] Located in the area are the ruins of several medieval castles and the 12th century kirk of Gamrie. The region remained largely Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
after the Reformation (16th century) and suffered greatly in the ensuing struggles. During the Wars of the Three Kingdoms
Wars of the Three Kingdoms
(17th century), Banffshire
Banffshire
was a Royalist stronghold. Cullen Church was known to have existed in 1236. The south aisle was added by Elena Hay in 1536 and dedicated to St Anne. It became a collegiate church in 1543 with six prebendaries and two singing boys to sing mass 'decently and in order every day'. Cullen Church was the centre of the old kirkton of Cullen until 1820-30 when the township removed to the present 'new town' of Cullen and the manse, which had been close by, was rebuilt in Seafield Place in 1830. Civil parishes[edit]

Banffshire
Banffshire
civil parish map c. 1854

Civil parishes are still used for some statistical purposes, and separate census figures are published for them. As their areas have been largely unchanged since the 19th century this allows for comparison of population figures over an extended period of time. From 1845 to 1930, parishes formed part of the local government system of Scotland, having parochial boards from 1845 to 1894.

Aberlour Alvah Banff Bellie (probably now all in Moray) Boharm Botriphnie Drummuir Boyndie Cabrach Cullen Deskford Fordyce Forglen Gamrie Glass[5] Grange Inveraven or Inveravon Inverkeithny Keith Kirkmichael (possibly all in Banffshire)[clarification needed] Marlach or Marnoch Mortlach (Mortlach distillery) Rathven Rothiemay Milltown of Rothiemay Rothnie Ontiquhill or Ordiquhill

Principal mansions[edit] Principal mansions in Banffshire
Banffshire
c. 1854 The Imperial Gazetteer of Scotland
Scotland
(1854) Vol. I. by the Rev. John Marius Wilson[6] lists the following :

Auchintoul Auchlunkart House (A. Steuart) Balveny Castle or Balvenie
Balvenie
Castle Cairfield House (John Gordon) Cullen House (Earl of Seafield) Duff House Edingight House (Major A.F. Innes Taylor) Forglen House
Forglen House
and Birkenbog (Sir Robert Abercrombie) Gordon Castle (Duke of Richmond) Letterfourie (Sir William Gordon) Mayen House (William Duff) Mount-coffer House (Earl of Fife) Park House (Colonel Thomas Gordon) Rothiemay

Castles in Banffshire[edit]

Fordyce Castle, Banffshire

Auchindune Auchindoun Castle Balveny or Balvenie Banff Cullen (near Cullen) [7] Deskford Edinglassie Findochty Galval or Gouldwell Castle (Boharm Civil Parish) Grange Inchdrewer, Banff Parish Park Scuth

Notable residents[edit]

James Abercromby, (1706-1781), born in Glassaugh, British general in the French and Indian War.[8] Captain George Duff
George Duff
RN (c. 1 February 1764 – 21 October 1805) was a British naval officer during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars, who was killed by a cannonball at the Battle of Trafalgar. Born in Banff James Ferguson, FRS (1710-1776), born Rothiemay, astronomer and instrument maker.[9] George Gauld (surveyor) Saint John Ogilvie, (1579-1615), born in Keith was a Scottish Catholic martyr. George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen
George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen
1829-1921 Canadian railway executive who named Banff, Alberta
Banff, Alberta
after his birthplace; Banff National Park and Banff Springs Hotel
Banff Springs Hotel
are linked to Stephen back to Banffshire

Surnames[edit] Most common surnames in Banffshire
Banffshire
at the time of the United Kingdom Census of 1881:[10]

Smith Grant Wilson Reid Watt Stuart Morrison Murray Cowie McDonald

See also[edit]

Lord Lieutenant of Banffshire Banffshire
Banffshire
(UK Parliament constituency) List of counties of Scotland
Scotland
1890–1975

References[edit]

^ Registers of Scotland. Publications, leaflets, Land Register Counties Archived 7 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. ^ "St Fergus through time Census tables with data for the Scottish Parish". Visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-12.  ^ " Longman Hill (Long Barrow) UK". The Modern Antiquarian.com. 1924-12-24. Retrieved 2012-11-12.  ^ United Kingdom Ordnance Survey Map 1:50,000 (2004) ^ The Imperial gazetteer of Scotland
Scotland
(1854) of Scotland
Scotland
(1854) by Rev. John Marius Wilson https://archive.org/stream/imperialgazettee01wils#page/791/mode/1up ^ The Imperial gazetteer of Scotland
Scotland
(1854). Vol I. by Rev. John Marius Wilson p.130 ^ "History of Deskford
Deskford
Castle by Cullen & Deskford
Deskford
Church of Scotland". Retrieved 4 February 2017.  ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.  ^ "Library and Archive Catalog". The Royal Society. Retrieved 21 July 2010.  ^ " Banffshire
Banffshire
Genealogy Resources & Parish Registers". Retrieved 4 February 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Banffshire.

 "Banffshire". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). 1911. 

v t e

Former local government counties of Scotland

Subdivisions created by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889
Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889
and abolished by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973

Aberdeenshire Angus Argyll Ayrshire Banffshire Berwickshire Bute Caithness Clackmannanshire Dumfriesshire Dunbartonshire East Lothian Fife Inverness-shire Kincardineshire Kinross-shire Kirkcudbrightshire Lanarkshire Midlothian Moray Nairnshire Orkney Peeblesshire Perthshire Renfrewshire Ross and Cromarty Roxburghshire Selkirkshire Shetland Stirlingshire Sutherland West Lothian Wigtownshire

Subdivisions abolished by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889

Cromartyshire Ross-shire

Coordinates: 57°30′N 3°05′W / 57.500°N 3.083°W / 57

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