Banffshire (/ˈbæmfʃər/; Scots: Coontie o Banffshire, Scottish
Gaelic: Siorrachd Bhanbh) is a historic county, registration county
and lieutenancy area of Scotland.
Local government council
3 Civil parishes
4 Principal mansions
5 Castles in Banffshire
6 Notable residents
8 See also
10 External links
Local government council
The county town was Banff although the largest community was
the west. It borders the
Moray Firth to the north,
Inverness-shire to the west, and
Aberdeenshire to the south.
Until 1891 the county contained various exclaves which were locally
situated in Aberdeenshire, the biggest being the parish and village of
Between 1890 and 1975 the County of Banff, also known as Banffshire,
had its own county council.
In 1975 its Local Government council administration was superseded and
Moray council and
From 1975 to 1996, its local government lay within the Grampian
Cullen Castle, Banffshire
Considerable evidence of prehistoric human habitation exists
particularly near the coastal area. For example, the Longman Hill
Cairn Lee are situated in the northern portion of
Banffshire in the vicinity of the Burn of Myrehouse.
Located in the area are the ruins of several medieval castles and the
12th century kirk of Gamrie.
The region remained largely
Roman Catholic after the Reformation (16th
century) and suffered greatly in the ensuing struggles.
Wars of the Three Kingdoms
Wars of the Three Kingdoms (17th century),
Banffshire was a
Cullen Church was known to have existed in 1236. The south aisle was
added by Elena Hay in 1536 and dedicated to St Anne. It became a
collegiate church in 1543 with six prebendaries and two singing boys
to sing mass 'decently and in order every day'.
Cullen Church was the centre of the old kirkton of Cullen until
1820-30 when the township removed to the present 'new town' of Cullen
and the manse, which had been close by, was rebuilt in Seafield Place
Banffshire civil parish map c. 1854
Civil parishes are still used for some statistical purposes, and
separate census figures are published for them. As their areas have
been largely unchanged since the 19th century this allows for
comparison of population figures over an extended period of time.
From 1845 to 1930, parishes formed part of the local government system
of Scotland, having parochial boards from 1845 to 1894.
Bellie (probably now all in Moray)
Inveraven or Inveravon
Kirkmichael (possibly all in Banffshire)[clarification needed]
Marlach or Marnoch
Mortlach (Mortlach distillery)
Rothiemay Milltown of Rothiemay
Ontiquhill or Ordiquhill
Principal mansions in
Banffshire c. 1854 The Imperial Gazetteer of
Scotland (1854) Vol. I. by the Rev. John Marius Wilson lists the
Auchlunkart House (A. Steuart)
Balveny Castle or
Cairfield House (John Gordon)
Cullen House (Earl of Seafield)
Edingight House (Major A.F. Innes Taylor)
Forglen House and Birkenbog (Sir Robert Abercrombie)
Gordon Castle (Duke of Richmond)
Letterfourie (Sir William Gordon)
Mayen House (William Duff)
Mount-coffer House (Earl of Fife)
Park House (Colonel Thomas Gordon)
Castles in Banffshire
Fordyce Castle, Banffshire
Auchindune Auchindoun Castle
Balveny or Balvenie
Cullen (near Cullen) 
Galval or Gouldwell Castle (Boharm Civil Parish)
Inchdrewer, Banff Parish
James Abercromby, (1706-1781), born in Glassaugh, British general in
the French and Indian War.
George Duff RN (c. 1 February 1764 – 21 October 1805) was a
British naval officer during the American War of Independence, the
French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars, who was killed by a
cannonball at the Battle of Trafalgar. Born in Banff
James Ferguson, FRS (1710-1776), born Rothiemay, astronomer and
George Gauld (surveyor)
Saint John Ogilvie, (1579-1615), born in Keith was a Scottish Catholic
George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen
George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen 1829-1921 Canadian railway
executive who named
Banff, Alberta after his birthplace; Banff
National Park and
Banff Springs Hotel
Banff Springs Hotel are linked to Stephen back to
Most common surnames in
Banffshire at the time of the United Kingdom
Census of 1881:
Lord Lieutenant of Banffshire
Banffshire (UK Parliament constituency)
List of counties of
^ Registers of Scotland. Publications, leaflets, Land Register
Counties Archived 7 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine..
^ "St Fergus through time Census tables with data for the Scottish
Parish". Visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
Longman Hill (Long Barrow) UK". The Modern Antiquarian.com.
1924-12-24. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
^ United Kingdom Ordnance Survey Map 1:50,000 (2004)
^ The Imperial gazetteer of
Scotland (1854) of
Scotland (1854) by Rev.
John Marius Wilson
^ The Imperial gazetteer of
Scotland (1854). Vol I. by Rev. John
Marius Wilson p.130
^ "History of
Deskford Castle by Cullen &
Deskford Church of
Scotland". Retrieved 4 February 2017.
^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago:
Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
^ "Library and Archive Catalog". The Royal Society. Retrieved 21 July
Banffshire Genealogy Resources & Parish Registers". Retrieved 4
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Banffshire.
"Banffshire". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.).
Former local government counties of Scotland
Subdivisions created by the
Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889
Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 and
abolished by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973
Ross and Cromarty
Subdivisions abolished by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889
Coordinates: 57°30′N 3°05′W / 57.500°N 3.083°W /