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Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(French: [aɲɛs vaʁda]; born 30 May 1928) is a French film director, born in Belgium, who has spent most of her working life in France. Her films, photographs, and art installations focus on documentary realism, feminist issues, and social commentary with a distinctive experimental style. Film historians have cited Varda's work as central to the development of the French New Wave film movement; her uses of location shooting and non-professional actors were unconventional in the context of 1950s French cinema.[1]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Professional life

2.1 Involvement in the French New Wave 2.2 Style 2.3 Notable films

2.3.1 La Pointe Courte 2.3.2 Cléo from 5 to 7 2.3.3 Vagabond 2.3.4 Jacquot de Nantes 2.3.5 The Gleaners and I 2.3.6 Faces Places

3 Personal life 4 Awards and honors 5 Filmography

5.1 Feature film 5.2 Short film 5.3 Television

6 Publications 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Early life[edit] Varda was born Arlette Varda on 30 May 1928 in Ixelles
Ixelles
(Brussels), Belgium, the daughter of Christiane (née Pasquet) and Eugène Jean Varda, an engineer.[2] Her mother was from Sète, France
France
and her father came from a family of Greek refugees from Asia Minor. She was the middle of five children. When she was 18 Varda legally changed her name to Agnès. During World War II
World War II
Varda lived on a boat in Sète with the rest of her family. Varda attended the Lycée Victor-Duroy and received a Bachelor's degree
Bachelor's degree
in literature from the Sorbonne. She described her relocation to Paris as "truly excruciating" that gave her "a frightful memory of my arrival in this grey, inhumane, sad city." She did not get along with her fellow students at the Sorbonne and described classes there as "stupid, antiquated, abstract, [and] scandalously unsuited for the lofty needs one had at that age." She intended to become a museum curator and studied at the École du Louvre, but decided to study photography at the Vaugirard school of photography instead.[3] She studied art history and photography at the École des Beaux-Arts.

Varda's handprints at Cannes

In 1951 her friend (and fellow Sète
Sète
transplant) Jean Vilar opened the Théâtre National Populaire
Théâtre National Populaire
and hired Varda as its official photographer. She worked in this position for ten years, during which time her reputation grew and she eventually got photo-journalist jobs throughout Europe.[3] Professional life[edit] Varda is a significant figure in modern French cinema. Her career pre-dates the start of the Nouvelle vague (French New Wave), and La Pointe Courte contains many elements specific to that movement.[4] While working at a photographer, Varda became interested in making a film, although she stated that she knew little about the medium and had only seen around twenty films by the age of twenty-five. She later said she wrote her first screenplay "just the way a person writes his first book. When I'd finished writing it, I thought to myself: 'I'd like to shoot that script,' and so some friends and I formed a cooperative to make it." She found the filmmaking process difficult because it didn't allow the same freedom as writing a novel; however she said that her approach was instinctive and feminine, stating that "I'm not at all a theoretician of feminism, I did all that - my photos, my craft, my film, my life - on my terms, my own terms, and not to do it like a man."[3] In an interview with The Believer, Varda stated that she wanted to make films that related to her time (in reference to La Pointe Courte), rather than focusing on traditions or classical standards.[5] In 1977, Varda founded her own production company, Cine-Tamaris, in order to have more control in shooting and editing.[6] In 2013, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Los Angeles County Museum of Art
held Varda's first U.S. exhibition called "Agnes Varda in Californialand." The exhibition featured a sculptural installation, several photographs, and short films, and was inspired by time she spent in Los Angeles in the 1960s.[7] Involvement in the French New Wave[edit] The French New Wave movement was broken into two subgroups: the Cahiers du Cinema group and the Left Bank Cinema group. Because of her literary influences, and because her work predates the French New Wave, Varda's films belong more precisely to the Rive Gauche (Left Bank) cinema movement, along with Chris Marker, Alain Resnais, Marguerite Duras, Alain Robbe-Grillet, Jean Cayrol and Henri Colpi. The group was strongly tied to the nouveau roman movement in literature and politically was positioned to the Left. Its members would often collaborate with each other. Style[edit] Varda's work is often considered feminist because of her use of female protagonists and creating a female cinematic voice.[6] Many of her films use protagonists that are marginalized or rejected members of society, and are documentarian in nature. Like many other French New Wave directors, Varda was likely influenced by auteur theory, creating her own signature style by using the camera "as a pen." Varda describes her method of filmmaking as cinécriture (cinematic writing or "writing on film"). The term was created by merging "cinema" and "writing" in French.[8] Rather than separating the fundamental roles that contribute to a film (cinematographer, screenwriter, director, etc.), Varda believes that all roles should be working together simultaneously to create a more cohesive film, and all elements of the film should contribute to its message. She claims to make most of her discoveries while editing, seeking the opportunity to find images or dialogue that create a motif.[9] Because of her photographic background, still images are often of significance in her films. Still images may serve symbolic or narrative purposes, and each element of them is important. There is sometimes conflict between still and moving images in her films, and she often mixes still images (snapshots) in with moving images.[10] Varda pays very close attention to detail and is highly conscious of the implications of each cinematic choice she makes. Elements of the film are rarely just functional, each element has its own implications, both on its own and that it lends to the entire film's message.[11] Many of her influences are artistic or literary. Some of her influences are: Surrealism, Franz Kafka, and Nathalie Sarraute.[8] Notable films[edit] La Pointe Courte[edit] Varda liked photography but was interested in moving into film. After spending a few days filming the small French fishing town of La Pointe Courte for a terminally ill friend who could no longer visit on his own, Varda decided to shoot a feature film of her own. Thus in 1954, Varda's first film, La Pointe Courte, about an unhappy couple working through their relationship in a small fishing town, was released. The film is a stylistic precursor to the French New Wave.[12] At the time, Varda was influenced by the philosophy of Gaston Bachelard, under whom she once studied at the Sorbonne. "She was particularly interested in his theory of ‘l’imagination des matières,’ in which certain personality traits were found to correspond to concrete elements in a kind of psychoanalysis of the material world." This idea arrives in La Pointe Courte as the characters' personality traits clash, shown through the opposition of objects such as wood and steel. To further her interest in character abstraction, Varda used two professional actors, Silvia Monfort
Silvia Monfort
and Philippe Noiret, combined with the residents of La Pointe Courte
La Pointe Courte
to provide a realistic element that lends itself to a documentary aesthetic inspired by neorealism. Varda would continue to use this combination of fictional and documentary elements in her films.[13] It was edited by friend and fellow Left Bank filmmaker Alain Resnais, who was reluctant to work on the film because it was "so nearly the film he wanted to make himself" and its structure was very similar to his own Hiroshima mon amour
Hiroshima mon amour
(1959). While editing the film in Varda's apartment, Resnais kept annoying her by comparing the film to works by Luchino Visconti, Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
and others that she was unfamiliar with "until I got so fed up with it all that I went along to the Cinémathèque to find out what he was talking about." Resnais and Varda remained lifelong friends, with Resnais stating that they had nothing in common "apart from cats."[3] The film was immediately praised by Cahiers du Cinéma. André Bazin called it "a miraculous film. In its existence and in its style" and François Truffaut
François Truffaut
called it "an experimental work, ambitious, honest and intelligent." Varda said that the film "hit like a cannonball because I was a young woman, since before that, in order to become a director you had to spend years as an assistant." However the film was a financial failure and Varda only made short films for the next seven years.[3] Cléo from 5 to 7[edit] Following La Pointe Courte, Varda made several documentary short films; two were commissioned by the French tourist office. These shorts include one of Varda's favorites of her own works, L'opéra-mouffe, a film about the Rue Mouffetard street market which won Varda an award at the Brussels Experimental Film Festival in 1958.[3] Cléo from 5 to 7
Cléo from 5 to 7
(1961) follows a pop singer through two extraordinary hours in which she awaits the results of a recent biopsy. At first glance, the film is about a woman coming to terms with her mortality, which is a common auteurist trait for Agnès Varda.[14] On a deeper level, Cléo from 5 to 7
Cléo from 5 to 7
confronts the traditionally objectified woman by giving Cléo her own vision. She is unable to be constructed through gaze of others which is often represented through a motif of reflections and Cleo’s ability to strip her body of to-be-looked-at-ness attributes (clothing items, wigs, etc.). Stylistically, Cléo from 5 to 7
Cléo from 5 to 7
borders documentary and fiction as La Pointe Courte
La Pointe Courte
had. Although many believe that the ninety-minute film represents the diegetic action, which occurs between 5 p.m. and 7 p.m., in real time, there is actually a half-hour difference.[13] Vagabond[edit] In 1984, Varda created Sans toit ni loi, or Vagabond in English, which is a drama about the death of a young female drifter named Mona. The death is investigated by an unseen and unheard interviewer who focuses on the people who have last seen her. The story of Vagabond is told through nonlinear techniques, with the film being divided into forty-seven episodes, and each episode about Mona being told from a different person's perspective. Vagabond is considered to be one of Agnès Varda's greater feminist works in how the film deals with the de-fetishization of the female body from the male perspective.[15] Jacquot de Nantes[edit] From 1962 until his death in 1990, Varda was married to the film director Jacques Demy, with whom she had two children, Rosalie Varda and Mathieu Demy. Jacques Demy
Jacques Demy
also legally adopted Rosalie Varda, Varda's daughter from a previous union with actor Antoine Bourseiller, who starred in her early film Cléo from 5 to 7. In 1991, Shortly before Jacques Demy's death, Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
created the film Jacquot de Nantes, which is about his life and death. The film is structured at first as being a recreation of his early life, being obsessed with the various crafts used for filmmaking like animation and set design. But then Varda provides elements of documentary by inserting clips of Demy's films as well as footage of him dying. The film continues with Varda's common theme of accepting death, but at its heart it is considered to be Varda's tribute to her late husband and their work.[14] The Gleaners and I[edit] Les Glaneurs et la Glaneuse, or The Gleaners and I, is a documentary made in 2000 that focuses on Varda's interactions with gleaners who live in the French countryside, but also includes subjects who create art through recycled material, as well as an interview with psychoanalyst Jean Laplanche. The Gleaners and I
The Gleaners and I
is notable for its fragmented and free-form nature along with it being the first time Varda used digital cameras. This style of filmmaking is often interpreted as a statement that great things like art can still be created through scraps, yet modern economies encourage people to only use the finest product.[16] Faces Places[edit] Faces Places is a 2017 French documentary film directed by Varda and JR. It was screened out of competition at the 2017 Cannes Film Festival[17][18] where it won the L'Œil d'or award.[19] The film follows Varda and JR traveling around rural France, creating portraits of the people they come across. Varda was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature for this film, making her the oldest person to be nominated for a non-honorary Academy Award.[20] Personal life[edit] In 1958 while living in Paris, she met her husband, Jacques Demy, also a French actor and director. They moved in together in 1959. She was married to Demy until his death in 1990. Varda has two children - a daughter, Rosalie Varda with Antoine Bourseiller and a son, Mathieu with Jacques Demy.[21] Varda is the cousin of painter Jean Varda. In 1967 while living in California
California
Varda met her father's cousin for the first time. He is the subject of her short documentary Uncle Yanco, named after Jean Varda who referred to himself as Yanco and was affectionately called "uncle" by Varda due to the difference in age between them. In 1971 Varda was one of the 343 women who signed the Manifesto of the 343 admitting they had had an abortion despite the fact that it was illegal in France
France
at the time and asking for abortions to be made legal.[22] Varda was one of the five people to attend Jim Morrison's burial in 1971 in Paris at the Père Lachaise Cemetery. She was a member of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
in 2005 and a member of the jury at the Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
in 1983. Awards and honors[edit]

For the 1985 documentary-style feature film Vagabond/Without Roof or Rule she received the Golden Lion
Golden Lion
of the Venice Film Festival. In 2002 Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
was the recipient of the prestigious French Academy prize, René Clair Award. On 4 March 2007, she was appointed a Grand Officer of the National Order of Merit of France.[23] In 2009 The Beaches of Agnès
The Beaches of Agnès
won the best documentary film of the César Award.[24] On 12 April 2009, she was made Commandeur de la Légion d'honneur.[25] In May 2010 Varda received Directors' Fortnight's 8th Carosse d'Or award for lifetime achievement at the Cannes Film Festival.[26] On 22 September 2012, Varda received an honorary degree from Liège University Belgium. On 14 May 2013, Varda was promoted to Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit of France.[23] On 22 May 2013, Varda received the 2013 FIAF Award for her work in the field of film preservation and restoration.[27] On 10 August 2014, Varda received the Leopard of Honour award at the 67th Locarno Film Festival.[28] She was the second female to receive the award after Kira Muratova.[29] On 13 December 2014, Varda received the honorary Lifetime Achievement Award, presented by the European Film Academy.[30] On 24 May 2015, Varda received an honorary Palme d'or. She is the first woman to receive an honorary Palme d'or.[31] On 16 April 2017, Varda was promoted to Grand officier de la Légion d'honneur.[32] On 11 November 2017, Varda received an Academy Honorary Award for her contributions to cinema, making her the first female director to receive such an award.[33][34][35] And she became the oldest nominated person at the same edition with her documentary Faces Places (she was 8 days older than fellow nominee James Ivory).[36] Varda was included in Cinema Eye’s 2017 list of "Unforgettables."[37]

Filmography[edit]

Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
speaking at a retrospective series at the Harvard Film Archive

Feature film[edit]

Year Original title English title Credits

1955 La Pointe Courte — Director, Writer

1962 Cléo de 5 à 7 Cléo from 5 to 7 Director, Writer

1965 Le Bonheur Happiness Director, Writer

1966 Les Créatures The Creatures Director, Writer

1967 Loin du Vietnam Far from Vietnam Co-Director

1969 Lions Love Lions Love Director, Writer, Producer

1975 Daguerréotypes — Director, Writer

1977 L'Une chante, l'autre pas One Sings, the Other Doesn't Director, Writer

1981 Mur murs - Director, Writer

1980–1981 Documenteur Documenteur Director, Writer

1985 Sans toit ni loi Vagabond Director, Writer, Editor

1986–1987 Jane B. par Agnès V. Jane B. by Agnes V. Director, Writer, Editor

1987 Kung-Fu Master Kung-Fu Master! / Le Petit amour Director, Writer

1991 Jacquot de Nantes — Director, Writer

1993 Les demoiselles ont eu 25 ans The Young Girls Turn 25 Director, Writer

1994 Les Cent et une nuits de Simon Cinéma A Hundred and One Nights Director, Writer

2000 Les Glaneurs et la glaneuse The Gleaners and I Director, Writer, Producer, Editor

2002 Les Glaneurs et la glaneuse... deux ans après The Gleaners and I: Two Years Later Director, Editor

2004 Cinévardaphoto - Director, Writer

2006 Quelques veuves de Noirmoutier - Director, Writer

2008 Les plages d'Agnès The Beaches of Agnès Director, Writer, Producer

2017 Visages Villages Faces Places Director

Short film[edit]

Year Original title English title Credits

1958 L'opéra-mouffe Diary of a Pregnant Woman Director, Writer

1958 La cocotte d'azur - Director, Writer

1958 Du côté de la côte - Director, Writer

1958 Ô saisons, ô châteaux - Director, Writer

1961 Les fiancés du pont MacDonald ou (Méfiez-vous des lunettes noires) - Director, Writer

1963 Salut les cubains - Director, Star

1965 Elsa la rose - Director, Writer

1967 Oncle Yanco Uncle Yanco Director, Writer, Star

1968 Black Panthers Huey Director

1975 Réponse de femmes: Notre corps, notre sexe Women Reply Director, Writer, Star

1976 Plaisir d'amour en Iran - Director, Writer

1984 Les dites cariatides The So-Called Caryatids Director, Writer, Star

1984 7p. cuis., s. de b., ... à saisir - Director, Writer

1986 T’as de beaux escaliers, tu sais You’ve Got Beautiful Stairs, You Know Director, Writer

1982 Ulysse - Director, Writer, Star

2003 Le lion volatil - Director, Writer

2004 Ydessa, les ours et etc. Ydessa, the Bears and etc. Director, Writer

2004 Der Viennale '04-Trailer - Director, Writer, Star

2005 Les dites cariatides bis - Director, Writer

2005 Cléo de 5 à 7: souvenirs et anecdotes - Director

2015 Les 3 Butons The Three Buttons Director, Writer

Television[edit]

Year Original title English title Credits

1970 Nausicaa (TV movie) - Writer, Director

1983 Une minute pour une image (TV series Documentary) - Director

2010 P.O.V., episode 3, season 23, "The Beaches of Agnes" - Director, Writer, Producer, Cinematographer

2011 Agnès de ci de là Varda, 5 episodes (TV series documentary) - Director, Writer, Star

Publications[edit]

Les Plages d'Agnès Texte Illustre (2010) 4 by Agnès Varda: Essays (2007) Agnès Varda, l'île et elle, Actes sud (2006) Sans toit ni loi un film d' Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2003) La marginalité à l'écran (1999) Varda par Agnès (1994) La Côte d'Azur, d'azur, d'azur, d'azur (1961)

References[edit]

^ Vincendeau, Ginette (21 January 2008). "La Pointe Courte: How Agnès Varda "Invented" the New Wave". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 10 July 2015.  ^ "Agnes Varda Biography (1928-)". Filmreference.com. 1928-05-30. Retrieved 2017-09-10.  ^ a b c d e f Wakeman, John (1988). World Film Directors,Volume 2. New York,NY: The H. W. Wilson Company. pp. 1142–1148. ISBN 978-0-824-20757-1.  ^ Smith, Alison. Agnes Varda Manchester University Press, 1998. Pg 3. ^ Heti, Shiela. " Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
[FILMMAKER]". Retrieved 29 October 2014.  ^ a b Carter, Helen. "Agnes Varda". Senses of Cinema. Retrieved 29 October 2014.  ^ " Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
in Californialand". www.lacma.org. Retrieved 24 October 2014.  ^ a b Smith, Alison (15 July 1998). Agnes Varda. Manchester University Press. p. 12.  ^ Gorbman, Claudia. "Places and Play in Agnès Varda's Cinécriture". www.pbs.org. Retrieved 24 October 2014.  ^ Smith, Alison (15 July 1998). Agnes Varda. Manchester University Press. p. 13.  ^ Smith, Alison (15 July 1998). Agnes Varda. Manchester University Press. p. 15.  ^ Neupert, Richard. A History of the French New Wave Cinema, University of Wisconsin Press, 2007. Pg. 57. ^ a b Fitterman-Lewis, To Desire Differently, Columbia University Press, 1996, pp. 215-245. ^ a b Emma, Wilson (1999). "3. Mourning Films I.". French Cinema since 1950: Personal Histories. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 42–46. ISBN 0715628496.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Hayward, Susan. "Beyond the Gaze and Into Femme-Filmécriture." French Film: Texts and Contexts. By Susan Hayward and Ginette Vincendeau. London: Routledge, 2000. 269-80. Print. 8-June-2012 ^ Cruickshank, Ruth "The Work of Art in the Age of Global Consumption: Varda's Les Glaneurs et la glaneuse." L'esprit Créateur 47.3, (2007): pg. 119-132 Project MUSE. Web. 8-June-2012 ^ "The 2017 Official Selection". Cannes. 13 April 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2017.  ^ " 2017 Cannes Film Festival
2017 Cannes Film Festival
Announces Lineup: Todd Haynes, Sofia Coppola, 'Twin Peaks' and More". IndieWire. 13 April 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2017.  ^ "Cannes: Agnes Varda's 'Faces Places' Takes Golden Eye Documentary Prize". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media, LLC. 27 May 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2017.  ^ Rachel Withers. "The 2018 Oscar nominees include these historic firsts". Slate.com. Retrieved 2018-01-24.  ^ Carter, Helen. "Agnes Varda". Sense of Cinema. Retrieved 21 October 2014.  ^ "manifesto343". Archived from the original on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ a b "Elévation d' Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
à la dignité de Grand officier dans l'ordre national du mérite" [Elevation of Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
to the honor of Grand Officer of the National Order of Merit] (in French). Ministry of Culture (France). Archived from the original on 25 January 2018.  ^ "Accueil - Académie des Arts et Techniques du Cinéma". Lescesarducinema.com. Retrieved 2017-09-10.  ^ "Légion d'honneur : Vincent Bolloré et Max Gallo promus" [Legion of Honor: Vincent Bolloré and Max Gallo promoted] (in French). Lemonde.fr. 12 April 2009.  ^ Mintzer, Jordan; Keslassy, Elsa (7 April 2010). "Spotlight on sidebars". Variety. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2018.  ^ "2013 FIAF Award presented to French Filmaker Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
during the International Cannes Film Festival". fiafnet.org. 27 May 2013. Archived from the original on 6 September 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2018 – via Wayback machine.  ^ Llanos Martinez, Hector. " Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
• Director". www.cineuropa.org. Retrieved 26 September 2014.  ^ Del Don, Georgia. "The Leopard of Honour at the Locarno Film Festival will this year celebrate the great Agnès Varda". www.cineuropa.org. Retrieved 26 September 2014.  ^ "EFA honours Agnès Varda". Cineuropa. Retrieved 3 November 2014.  ^ "A Palme d'honneur to Agnès Varda". festival-cannes.com. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015.  ^ "Légion d'honneur: François Pinault, Laurent Fabius et Agnès Varda distingués" [Legion of Honor: François Pinault, Laurent Fabius and Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
honored] (in French). Agence France-Presse. Archived from the original on 17 April 2017 – via La Dépêche du Midi.  ^ "THE ACADEMY TO HONOR CHARLES BURNETT, OWEN ROIZMAN, DONALD SUTHERLAND AND AGNÈS VARDA WITH OSCARS AT 2017 GOVERNORS AWARDS Oscars.org
Oscars.org
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences". Oscars.org. 2017-09-06. Retrieved 2017-09-10.  ^ "Agnès Varda, the first female director to receive a Governors Award in Hollywood - uni France
France
Films". En.unifrance.org. 2017-11-14. Retrieved 2017-11-29.  ^ " Academy Honorary Award 2017: Le Bonheur is tainted by hypocrisy". Varsity. 2017-11-24. Retrieved 2017-11-29.  ^ "French director Agnès Varda, 89, becomes oldest ever Oscar nominee". Daily Telegraph.  ^ Alcinii, Daniele (19 October 2017). "CIFF '17: Cinema Eye unveils "Unforgettables"". Realscreen. Archived from the original on 29 October 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-29. 

Further reading[edit]

How Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
"invented" the New Wave by Ginette Vincendeau, Four by Agnes Varda, Criterion, 2008 Smith, Alison. Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
Manchester University Press, 1998. Pg 3. Neupert, Richard. A History of the French New Wave Cinema. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin. 2007. Pg 57. Schwartz, Alexandra. Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
Is Still Going Places The New Yorker, Mar. 4 2018

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Agnès Varda.

Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
on IMDb Ciné-Tamaris. Official Site Agnes Varda and Jacques Demy Watch 17 films of Agnes Varda at www.dafilms.com Biography on newwavefilm.com Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
describes her work on YouTube
YouTube
beyond the screen to the gallery and museum.

v t e

Films directed by Agnès Varda

Fiction films

La Pointe Courte
La Pointe Courte
(1955) Cléo from 5 to 7
Cléo from 5 to 7
(1962) Happiness (1965) One Sings, the Other Doesn't (1977) Vagabond (1985) Le Petit Amour (1988) Jacquot de Nantes (1991) One Hundred and One Nights
One Hundred and One Nights
(1995)

Documentaries

Far from Vietnam (1967) The Young Girls Turn 25 (1993) The Gleaners and I
The Gleaners and I
(2000) The Beaches of Agnès
The Beaches of Agnès
(2008) Faces Places (2017)

v t e

Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

v t e

Honorary César

1976–2000

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1976) Diana Ross
Diana Ross
(1976) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
(1977) Jacques Tati
Jacques Tati
(1977) Robert Dorfmann (1978) René Goscinny
René Goscinny
(1978) Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1979) Charles Vanel
Charles Vanel
(1979) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1979) Pierre Braunberger (1980) Louis de Funès
Louis de Funès
(1980) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1981) Alain Resnais (1981) Georges Dancigers (1982) Alexandre Mnouchkine (1982) Jean Nény (1982) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Raimu
Raimu
(1983) René Clément
René Clément
(1984) Georges de Beauregard (1984) Edwige Feuillère
Edwige Feuillère
(1984) Christian-Jaque (1985) Danielle Darrieux
Danielle Darrieux
(1985) Christine Gouze-Rénal (1985) Alain Poiré (1985) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1986) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1986) Jean Delannoy
Jean Delannoy
(1986) René Ferracci (1986) Claude Lanzmann
Claude Lanzmann
(1986) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1987) Serge Silberman (1988) Bernard Blier
Bernard Blier
(1989) Paul Grimault
Paul Grimault
(1989) Gérard Philipe
Gérard Philipe
(1990) Jean-Pierre Aumont
Jean-Pierre Aumont
(1991) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1991) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1992) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1992) Jean Marais
Jean Marais
(1993) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1993) Gérard Oury
Gérard Oury
(1993) Jean Carmet
Jean Carmet
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1995) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1996) Henri Verneuil
Henri Verneuil
(1996) Charles Aznavour
Charles Aznavour
(1997) Andie MacDowell
Andie MacDowell
(1997) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1998) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1998) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
(1999) Jean Rochefort
Jean Rochefort
(1999) Josiane Balasko
Josiane Balasko
(2000) Georges Cravenne
Georges Cravenne
(2000) Jean-Pierre Léaud
Jean-Pierre Léaud
(2000) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2000)

2001–present

Darry Cowl (2001) Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2001) Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2001) Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
(2002) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(2002) Claude Rich
Claude Rich
(2002) Bernadette Lafont
Bernadette Lafont
(2003) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2003) Micheline Presle
Micheline Presle
(2004) Jacques Dutronc
Jacques Dutronc
(2005) Will Smith
Will Smith
(2005) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2006) Pierre Richard
Pierre Richard
(2006) Marlène Jobert
Marlène Jobert
(2007) Jude Law
Jude Law
(2007) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(2008) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(2008) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2009) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2010) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2011) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2012) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(2013) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2014) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2015) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2016) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2017) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2018)

v t e

European Film Academy
European Film Academy
Lifetime Achievement Award

  Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988)   Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1988)   Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1989)   Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1990)   Alexandre Trauner (1991)   Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1992)   Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1993)   Robert Bresson (1994)   Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1995)   Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1996)   Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1997)   Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1999)   Richard Harris
Richard Harris
(2000)   Monty Python
Monty Python
(2001)   Tonino Guerra
Tonino Guerra
(2002)   Claude Chabrol
Claude Chabrol
(2003)   Carlos Saura
Carlos Saura
(2004)   Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(2005)   Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2006)   Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(2007)   Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2008)   Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2009)   Bruno Ganz
Bruno Ganz
(2010)   Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2011)   Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(2012)   Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(2013)   Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2014)   Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2015)   Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
(2016) Alexander Sokurov
Alexander Sokurov
(2017)

v t e

French New Wave

Cahiers du Cinéma Directors

François Truffaut Jean-Luc Godard Éric Rohmer Claude Chabrol Jacques Rivette

Left Bank

Henri Colpi Marguerite Duras Armand Gatti Chris Marker Alain Resnais Alain Robbe-Grillet Agnès Varda

Other filmmakers

Philippe de Broca Jacques Demy Jean Douchet Jean Eustache Georges Franju Pierre Kast Louis Malle Jean-Pierre Melville Luc Moullet Jacques Rozier Straub–Huillet Roger Vadim

Theoretical influences

Alexandre Astruc André Bazin Robert Bresson Jacques Doniol-Valcroze Henri Langlois Joseph-Marie Lo Duca Jean Rouch

Key films

Le Coup du Berger (1956) Le Beau Serge (1958) Le Signe du Lion (1959) The 400 Blows
The 400 Blows
(1959) Hiroshima mon amour
Hiroshima mon amour
(1959) Breathless (1960) Adieu Philippine
Adieu Philippine
(1962) Cléo from 5 to 7
Cléo from 5 to 7
(1962) La Jetée
La Jetée
(1962)

Related

Auteurism Cahiers du cinéma Cinémathèque Française Jump cut Two in the Wave
Two in the Wave
(2010 documentary)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 84256688 LCCN: n90695440 ISNI: 0000 0001 2141 7321 GND: 11880393X SELIBR: 234971 SUDOC: 02717736X BNF: cb11927678j (data) BIBSYS: 90821540 ULAN: 500109995 MusicBrainz: 2340d060-012d-4f96-852c-a498d489849d NDL: 00459572 NKC: js20061215009 ICCU: ITICCUUFIV122651 BNE: XX1718376 RKD: 305474 SNAC: w6kt0m18

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