1991 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar,
the 1991st year of the
Common Era (CE) and
Anno Domini (AD)
designations, the 991st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year
of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold
War that had begun in the late 1940s. During the year, the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics fell, leaving fifteen sovereign republics
in its place.
India also abandoned its policies of socialism and
autarky and began extensive neoliberal changes to its economy in July
1991 which would increase the GDP but also economic inequality over
the next two decades. A U.N.-authorized coalition force from
thirty-four nations fought against Iraq, which had invaded and annexed
Kuwait in the previous year, 1990. The conflict would be called the
Gulf War and would mark the beginning of a since-constant American
military presence in the Middle East. The clash between Serbia and the
other Yugoslav republics would lead into the beginning of the Yugoslav
Wars, which ran through the rest of the decade.
Japanese asset price bubble
Japanese asset price bubble burst this year, leading to the Lost
Years and a permanently stagnated (though still prosperous) Japanese
1.13 Date unknown
3.13 Date unknown
4 Nobel Prizes
Czechoslovakia becomes the second Eastern European country to abandon
its command economy.
The first anti-stalking law, passed in 1990, goes into effect in
Dublin begins its year as the European Capital of Culture.
January 2 – In eastern El Salvador, Salvadoran rebels shoot down a
United States Army
United States Army helicopter and execute the two surviving members of
its 3-man crew.
January 4 – The
United Nations Security Council votes unanimously to
condemn Israel's treatment of the Palestinians.
January 5 – Georgian troops attack Tskhinvali, the capital of South
Ossetia, opening the 1991–92
South Ossetia War.
The runoff for the Guatemalan presidential election is won by Jorge
India Federation of Anganwadi Workers and Helpers is founded
January 7 – In Haiti, an attempted coup by an associate of former
Jean-Claude Duvalier is thwarted by Loyalist troops.
United States Secretary of State
United States Secretary of State
James Baker meets with the Foreign
Iraq Tariq Aziz, but fails to produce a plan for
withdraw its troops from Kuwait.
In Sebokeng, South Africa, gunmen fire on mourners attending the
funeral of a leader of the African National Congress, killing 13
January 12 – Gulf War: The Congress of the United States passes a
resolution authorizing the use of military force to expel Iraqi forces
January 13 – Singing Revolution:
Soviet forces storm
Vilnius to stop
January Events (Lithuania)
January Events (Lithuania) and the Time of
Barricades in Latvia.
United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from
Kuwait expires, preparing the way for the start of Operation
Prime Minister of Cape Verde
Prime Minister of Cape Verde
Pedro Pires resigns following his party's
loss in the
January 13 Cape Verdean parliamentary election, the first
ever multiparty election in an African nation.
U.S. serial killer
Aileen Wuornos confesses to the murders of six men.
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Desert Storm begins with air strikes against Iraq.
Iraq fires 8
Scud missiles into Israel.
Harald V of Norway
Harald V of Norway becomes king on the death of his father, Olav V.
The volcano Hekla erupts on Iceland.
January 18 –
Eastern Air Lines
Eastern Air Lines shuts down after 62 years, citing
Scud attack on
Tel Aviv in
Israel injures 15 people.
Party of the Alliance of Youth, Workers and Farmers of Angola is
founded in Luanda, Angola.
January 21 – Harald V's investiture ceremony as King of Norway.
Three Iraqi Scuds and one Patriot missile hit
Ramat Gan in Israel,
injuring 96 people; three elderly people die of heart attacks.
British Army SAS patrol, Bravo Two Zero, is deployed in Iraq
during the Gulf War.
January 24 – The government of
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea signs a peace
agreement with separatist leaders from Bougainville Island, ending
fighting that had gone on since 1988.
January 26 – Siad Barre is overthrown;
Somalia enters civil war.
Siad Barre is succeeded by
Ali Mahdi Muhammad
Ali Mahdi Muhammad in Somalia.
In South Africa,
Nelson Mandela of the
African National Congress
African National Congress and
Mangosuthu Buthelezi of the
Inkatha Freedom Party
Inkatha Freedom Party agree to end the
violence that had plagued relations between the two organizations.
Gulf War: the
Battle of Khafji
Battle of Khafji occurs, the battle lasts until February
USAir Boeing 737-300,
USAir Flight 1493 collides with a SkyWest
Airlines Fairchild Metroliner, 5569 at
Los Angeles International
Airport, killing 34.
The 6.4 mb Hindu Kush earthquake affected northeast Afghanistan with a
maximum Mercalli intensity of VII (Very strong), causing extreme
damage, leaving 848 dead and 200 injured.
February 5 – A
Michigan court bars Dr.
Jack Kevorkian from assisting
Haiti's first democratically elected president, Jean-Bertrand
Aristide, is sworn in.
Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army launches a mortar attack on 10
Downing Street during a cabinet meeting.
Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter
Kuwait, thus starting the ground phase of the war.
February 9 – Singing Revolution: Voters in
February 11 – The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization
(UNPO) forms in The Hague, Netherlands.
February 13 – Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy an
underground bunker in Baghdad, killing hundreds of Iraqis. United
States military intelligence claims it was a military facility but
Iraqi officials identify it as a bomb shelter.
February 15 – The Visegrad Agreement, establishing cooperation to
move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of
Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.
February 17 – The Cape Verdean presidential election, Cape Verde's
first multiparty presidential election since 1975, is won by António
February 18 – The
Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army explodes bombs
in the early morning, at both Paddington station and Victoria station
February 20 –
President of Albania
President of Albania
Ramiz Alia dismisses the
government headed by
Prime Minister of Albania
Prime Minister of Albania
Adil Çarçani in an
effort to stem pro-democracy protests.
Fatos Nano is sworn in as Prime
Minister on February 22.
February 22 – Gulf War:
Iraq accepts a Soviet-proposed cease fire
agreement. The U.S. rejects the agreement, but says that retreating
Iraqi forces will not be attacked if they leave
Kuwait within 24
One Meridian Plaza fire
One Meridian Plaza fire in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, kills three
firefighters and destroys eight floors of the building.
In Thailand, General
Sunthorn Kongsompong deposes Prime Minister
Chatichai Choonhavan in a bloodless coup d'état.
February 25 – Gulf War: Part of an Iraqi
Scud missile hits an
American military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, killing 29 and
injuring 99 U.S. soldiers. It is the single-most devastating attack on
U.S. forces during that war.
February 26 – Gulf War: On
Baghdad radio, Iraqi leader Saddam
Hussein announces the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait. Iraqi
soldiers set fire to Kuwaiti oil fields as they retreat.
President Bush declares victory over
Iraq and orders a cease-fire.
In the Bangladeshi general election, the
Bangladesh Nationalist Party
wins 139 of 300 seats in the Jatiyo Sangshad. BNP leader Khaleda Zia
President of Bangladesh
President of Bangladesh on March 19.
March – Iraqi forces suppress rebellions in the southern and
northern parts of the country, creating a humanitarian disaster on the
Turkey and Iran.[neutrality is disputed]
The ballistic missile submarine USS Sam Houston is deactivated.
Clayton Keith Yeutter
Clayton Keith Yeutter ends his term as United States Secretary of
An amateur video captures the beating of motorist
Rodney King by Los
Angeles police officers.
Singing Revolution: In the Estonian restoration of independence
referendum and the Latvian independence and democracy poll, voters
vote more than 3-to-1 in favor of independence from the
United Airlines Flight 585
United Airlines Flight 585 crashes in Colorado Springs, Colorado,
killing all 25 people on board.
São Tomé and Príncipe
São Tomé and Príncipe presidential election, the first
contested presidential election in the history of São Tomé and
Príncipe, is won by Miguel Trovoada.
March 6 – Prime Minister of
Chandra Shekhar resigns because of
a dispute with former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, whose support had
kept him in power.
March 9 – Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan
Milošević in Belgrade; two people are killed and tanks are in the
Gulf War – Operation Phase Echo: 540,000 American troops begin to
leave the Persian Gulf.
In the Salvadoran legislative election, the Nationalist Republican
Alliance wins 39 of 48 seats in the Legislative Assembly of El
March 11 – A curfew is imposed on black townships in South Africa,
after fighting between rival political gangs kills 49.
United States Department of Justice
United States Department of Justice announces that
agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the
Exxon Valdez oil
spill in Alaska.
The Acid Rain Treaty of
1991 is signed between the American and
The Emir of Kuwait, Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, returns to
seven months of exile in
Saudi Arabia while his country was occupied
After 16 years in prison for allegedly bombing a public house in a
Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army attack, the "Birmingham Six" are
freed when a court determines that the police fabricated evidence.
Four Los Angeles, California, police officers are indicted for the
March 3 beating of
Rodney King during an arrest.
Germany formally regains complete independence after the four
World War II
World War II occupying powers (France, the United Kingdom, the
United States and the
Soviet Union) relinquish all remaining rights.
The United States and
Albania resume diplomatic relations for the
first time since 1939.
In a national referendum, the people of the
Soviet Union vote in favor
of keeping the 15
Soviet republics together, with the pro-unity
position gaining 77% of the vote. Six Union Republics effectively
boycott the referendum.
In the Finnish parliamentary election, the Centre Party wins 55 of 200
seats in the Parliament of Finland, ending 25 years of dominance by
the Social Democratic Party of Finland.
March 19–26 –
President of Poland
President of Poland
Lech Wałęsa becomes the first
Polish president to ever visit the U.S.
March 23 – The
Sierra Leone Civil War
Sierra Leone Civil War begins when the Revolutionary
United Front attempts a coup against the
Sierra Leone government.
March 24 – The Beninese presidential election, Benin's first
presidential election since 1970, is won by Nicéphore Soglo.
In Mali, military officers led by
Amadou Toumani Touré
Amadou Toumani Touré arrest
Moussa Traoré and suspend the constitution.
Paraguay sign the Treaty of Asunción,
establishing the South Common Market (
Mercosur is its acronym in
In Daegu, South Korea, the remains of five boys are found eleven years
after their disappearance (Frog Boys; Korean: 개구리소년
Albania holds its first multi-party elections.
Georgian independence referendum, 1991: Georgia votes for independence
April 1 –
Comedy Central is launched on cable television in its
April 2 – Government-imposed price increases double or triple the
prices of consumer goods in the
April 3 –
Iraq disarmament crisis: The U.N. Security Council passes
the Cease Fire Agreement, Resolution 687. The Resolution calls for the
destruction or removal of all of Iraq's chemical and biological
weapons, all stocks of agents and components, and all research,
development, support and manufacturing facilities for ballistic
missiles with a range greater than 150 km and production
facilities; and for an end to its support for international terrorism.
Iraq accepts the terms of the resolution on April 6.
John Heinz of
Pennsylvania and six other people are killed
when a helicopter collides with their plane over Merion, Pennsylvania.
William Kennedy Smith, a nephew of U.S. Senator Edward Kennedy, is
identified as a suspect in an alleged Palm Beach, Florida, sexual
Forty people are taken hostage in the
1991 Sacramento hostage crisis
John Tower and 22 others are killed in an airplane
crash in Brunswick, Georgia, United States.
Space Shuttle Atlantis
Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched from Cape Canaveral,
Florida. The shuttle launches an observatory to study gamma rays
before returning to Earth on April 11.
The Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia declares independence
Soviet troops leave Poland.
South Atlantic tropical cyclone
South Atlantic tropical cyclone develops in the Southern Hemisphere
off the coast of
Angola (the first of its kind to be documented by
The Italian ferry Moby Prince collides with an oil tanker in dense fog
Italy killing 140.
April 12 –
Globalization – The
Warsaw Stock Exchange
Warsaw Stock Exchange opens in
April 14 – In the Netherlands, thieves steal 20 paintings worth $500
million from the
Van Gogh Museum
Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. Less than an hour later
they are found in an abandoned car near the museum.
The EBRD is inaugurated.
European Economic Community
European Economic Community lifts economic sanctions on South
Africa in response to moves to end the apartheid system.
April 16–18 –
Mikhail Gorbachev begins the first
ever visit of a
Soviet leader to Japan, but fails to resolve the two
countries' dispute over ownership of the Kuril Islands.
April 17 – The
Dow Jones Industrial Average
Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 3,000 for
the first time ever, at 3,004.46.
April 18 –
Iraq disarmament crisis:
Iraq declares some of its
chemical weapons and materials to the UN, as required by Resolution
687, and claims that it does not have a biological weapons program.
April 19 –
George Carey is enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury,
the spiritual leader of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
April 21 – French underwater archaeologist
Franck Goddio discovers
the wreckage of the Spanish Galleon San Diego off the coast of Fortune
The Social Democratic Party of
Albania is founded.
The 7.7 Mw Limon earthquake affected
Costa Rica and
Panama with a
maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), causing 47–87 deaths and
April 23 –
Prime Minister of Iceland
Prime Minister of Iceland Steingrímur Hermannsson
resigns following an inconclusive parliamentary election on April 20.
On April 30, he is succeeded as prime minister by Davíð Oddsson.
55 tornadoes break out in the central United States, killing 21. The
most notable tornado of the day strikes Andover, Kansas.
Esko Aho, age 36, becomes the youngest-ever Prime Minister of Finland.
A tropical cyclone hits Bangladesh, killing an estimated 138,000
Space Shuttle Discovery
Space Shuttle Discovery lifts off from Cape Canaveral to study
instruments related to the Strategic Defense Initiative. The mission
ends on May 6.
The 7.0 Mw Racha earthquake affected Georgia with a maximum MSK
intensity of IX (Destructive), killing 270 people.
April 29–30 – In Lesotho, a bloodless coup ousts military ruler
Justin Lekhanya. On May 2, he is replaced as Chairman of the Military
Council by Elias Phisoana Ramaema.
May – The first
Starbucks Coffee outlet is opened in
In Taiwan, the Temporary Provisions against the Communist Rebellion
are abolished, having been in effect for 43 years.
Angolan Civil War: The
UNITA agree to the Bicesse Accords,
which are formally signed on
May 31 in Lisbon.
Carola Søgaard's song
Fångad av en stormvind
Fångad av en stormvind wins the Eurovision
Song Contest in Rome,
Italy for Sweden.[importance?]
U.S. President Bush is hospitalized after experiencing irregular
heartbeat. He is released from the hospital the next day.[citation
May 12 –
Nepal holds its first multiparty legislative election since
Elizabeth II arrives in Washington, D.C. for a 13-day royal visit to
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, dubbed the "Mugger of the Nation", is found
guilty and sentenced to 6 years imprisonment for her involvement in
the death of 14-year-old Stompie Moeketsi. The sentence is never
carried out.
May 15 –
Édith Cresson becomes France's first female prime
May 18 –
Somaliland withdraws from Somalia.
May 19 – In the Croatian independence referendum, voters in the
Socialist Republic of Croatia
Socialist Republic of Croatia vote to secede from Yugoslavia.
In Sriperumbudur, India, former Prime Minister
Rajiv Gandhi is
assassinated at a public meeting in Sriperumbudur, by suicide bomber
Thenmozhi Rajaratnam; many others are killed in the explosion.
Mengistu Haile Mariam, president of the People's Democratic Republic
of Ethiopia, flees
Ethiopia to Zimbabwe, effectively bringing the
Ethiopian Civil War
Ethiopian Civil War to an end.
May 22 – Acting Prime Minister of
South Korea Ro Jai-bong resigns in
the wake of rioting following a beating death of a student by police
on April 26. On May 24, he is succeeded by Chung Won-shik.
May 24 – Authorised by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir,
Operation Solomon commences.
May 25 – The Surinamese general election is won by the
military-backed New Front for Democracy and Development.
May 26 – In Thailand, a
Boeing 767 crashes near Bangkok,
killing all 223 people on board.
May 28 – In the Ethiopian Civil War, the forces of the Ethiopian
People's Revolutionary Democratic Front seize Addis Ababa.
May 31 – The Dwyer decision in the Cascadian part of the United
States about logging in old-growth forests with spotted owls protects
large areas of forest and changes the economy of the region.
Mount Unzen erupts, killing 43 people as a result of pyroclastic flow.
Ethiopian Civil War:
Derg insurgents explode an ammunition dump in
Ethiopia held by the new pro-US anti-communist Ethiopian
Fatos Nano resigns as
Prime Minister of Albania
Prime Minister of Albania following a nationwide
President of Albania
President of Albania
Ramiz Alia appoints
Ylli Bufi as his
The largest solar flare ever recorded triggers an anomalously large
aurora as far south as Pennsylvania.
President of Algeria
President of Algeria
Chadli Bendjedid dismisses Prime Minister of
Mouloud Hamrouche following 11 days of antigovernment
demonstrations, replacing him with Sid Ahmed Ghozali.
South Africa repeals the last legal foundations of apartheid, the laws
that segregated places of residence and employment.
Space Shuttle Columbia
Space Shuttle Columbia carries the
Spacelab into orbit.
June 7 – About 200,000 people attend a parade of 8,800 returning
Gulf War troops in Washington, D.C.
June 9 – A major collapse of ground at the Emaswati Colliery in
Swaziland traps 26 miners 65 m below the surface. The men have access
to a safe refuge chamber and are all rescued by a drill hole 30 hours
after the rescue unit is first alerted.
June 10 – 11-year-old
Jaycee Dugard of California, is kidnapped and
Boris Yeltsin is elected President of Russia, the largest and most
populous of the 15
Sri Lankan Civil War:
Sri Lankan Army
Sri Lankan Army soldiers kill 152 civilians in
Party of Labour of
Albania is dissolved and succeeded by the Socialist
Albania which signals the end of communist rule in Albania.
June 13 – A spectator is killed by lightning at the U.S. Open.
In the Philippines,
Mount Pinatubo erupts in the second largest
terrestrial eruption of the 20th century; the final death toll tops
End of voting in the Indian general election. The Indian National
Congress wins the most seats but fails to secure a majority. On June
21, Congress leader
P. V. Narasimha Rao
P. V. Narasimha Rao becomes Prime Minister of
Apartheid: The South African Parliament repeals the Population
Registration Act, which had required racial classification of all
South Africans at birth.
Zachary Taylor is exhumed to discover whether or not
his death was caused by arsenic poisoning, instead of acute
gastrointestinal illness; no trace of arsenic is found.
In Northern Ireland, the four main political parties begins talks on
Turgut Özal appoints
Mesut Yılmaz as Prime
Minister of Turkey, replacing Yıldırım Akbulut, who had resigned.
Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall announced plans to retire.
June 20 – In Germany, the
Bundestag votes to move the capital from
Bonn to Berlin.
June 21 –
P. V. Narasimha Rao
P. V. Narasimha Rao sworn in as the Prime Minister of
India in a Congress party-led coalition government.
Mesut Yılmaz, of ANAP forms the new government of
The first Sonic the Hedgehog game is published by Sega. The series
will soon become extremely popular, and (as of 2016[update]) is still
June 23–28 –
Iraq disarmament crisis: U.N. inspection teams
attempt to intercept Iraqi vehicles carrying nuclear related
equipment. Iraqi soldiers fire warning shots in the air to prevent
inspectors from approaching the vehicles.
June 25 – Collapse of Yugoslavia:
Slovenia declare their
independence from Yugoslavia.
June 28 –
Comecon is dissolved in Moscow.
Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague.
Telephone service goes down in the cities of Washington DC,
Los Angeles and San Francisco due to a software bug. About
twelve million customers are affected.
Clarence Thomas is nominated to replace
Thurgood Marshall as the
Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
July 2 – Ten-Day War: Fighting breaks out when the Yugoslav People's
Army attacks secessionists in Slovenia.
July 4 –
President of Colombia
President of Colombia
César Gaviria lifts a 7-year-long
state of siege.
July 6–7 –
Steffi Graf and
Michael Stich win the
July 7 – The
Brioni Agreement ends the
Ten-Day War in Slovenia.
In response to the end of apartheid, the International Olympic
Committee readmits South Africa to the Olympics.
Alan Fiers agrees to plead guilty to two charges
of having lied to the U.S. Congress.
Boris Yeltsin begins his 5-year term as the first elected president of
President Bush announces the U.S. is ending its 1986-enacted sanctions
on South Africa.
A solar eclipse of record totality occurs, seen first in Hawaii, then
enters Mexico where the path directly crosses
Cabo San Lucas
Cabo San Lucas and
Mexico City, seen by 20 million inhabitants, and finally ends in
Colombia in South America.
Nigeria Airways Flight 2120, a
Douglas DC-8 operated by Canadian
airline Nolisair, catches fire and crashes soon after takeoff from
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 261 people on board.
July 15 –
Chemical Bank and Manufacturers Hanover Corporation
announce that they are merging, the largest bank merger in history.
President Gorbachev arrives in London to ask for western aid from the
leaders of the G7.
Ukraine celebrates its first Independence Day.
July 17 – President Bush and President Gorbachev reach an agreement
on START II, which is formally signed on July 31.
In Israel, a judge investigating a
1990 incident outside a mosque in
Jerusalem in which at least 17 Palestinians were killed rules that
Israeli police provoked the incident.
The governments of
Senegal sign a treaty to stop the
Senegal Border War which had been going on since 1989.
Mike Tyson is arrested and charged with the rape of Miss Black
Desiree Washington three days earlier, in
Jeffrey Dahmer is arrested after the remains of 11 men
and boys are found in his Milwaukee, Wisconsin, apartment. Police soon
find out that he is involved in six more murders.
July 24 – Finance Minister of
Manmohan Singh announces a New
Industrial Policy, marking the start of economic liberalisation in
July 25 – British astronomers announce they have found what appears
to be an extrasolar planet.
July 27 – An oil spill begins fouling beaches in Olympic National
July 29 – In New York City, a grand jury indicts Bank of Credit and
Commerce International of the largest bank fraud in history, accusing
the bank of defrauding depositors of $5 billion.
July 30 – In Haiti, a jury convicts the
Tonton Macoute of attempting
to overthrow Haiti's first democratically-elected government.
Warsaw Treaty Organization
Warsaw Treaty Organization is officially dissolved in accordance
with a protocol calling for a "transition to all-European structures."
The United States and the
Soviet Union sign the
START I treaty
limiting strategic nuclear weapons.
Special Purpose Police Unit (OMON) forces
kill seven Lithuanian customs officials in
Medininkai in the most
serious of the
OMON assaults on Lithuanian border posts.
"August 1991" redirects here. For the film, see August
Warsaw radio mast
Warsaw radio mast after its collapse on August 8.
August 19: The coup attempt in Moscow.
August 1 –
Israel agrees to participate in the
Madrid Conference of
1991, which is held in October.
August 4 – The cruise liner MTS Oceanos sinks off the coast of South
Africa and all 571 passengers on board are safely evacuated by SAAF
August 5 –
Sergey Bubka breaks the world record for men's pole
August 6 –
Tim Berners-Lee announces the
World Wide Web
World Wide Web project and
software on the alt.hypertext newsgroup. The first website,
"info.cern.ch" is created.
August 7 – Shapour Bakhtiar, former prime minister of Iran, is
August 8 – The Warsaw radio mast, the tallest construction ever
built at the time, collapses.
August 13 – The
Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Super Nintendo Entertainment System (or "Super
Nintendo") is released in the United States.[importance?]
Strathfield massacre: In Sydney, Australia, taxi driver Wade Frankum
shoots seven people and injures six others before turning the gun on
The remains of the Prussian King Frederick (II) the Great is
re-interred in Potsdam.
Hurricane Bob hits
North Carolina and New England. The
storm kills 17 people and causes $1½ billion in damage.
August 19 – Dissolution of the
Mikhail Gorbachev is put under house arrest while vacationing in the
Crimea during a coup. The attempted coup, led by Vice President
Gennady Yanayev and seven hard-liners attempting to usurp control,
collapses in less than 72 hours.
Dissolution of the
Estonia restores its independence
Dissolution of the
Soviet Union: More than 100,000 people rally
Soviet Union's parliament building protesting the coup
that deposed President Mikhail Gorbachev.
August 21 – Dissolution of the
Latvia restores its
independence from the
August 22 –
Iceland is the first nation in the world to recognize
the independence of the Baltic states.
August 24 – Dissolution of the
Serbian aggression (
Yugoslav People's Army
Yugoslav People's Army and Chetniks) starts on
Croatian town Vukovar.
Linus Torvalds posts messages to
comp.os.minix about the new operating system kernel he has been
Dissolution of the
Belarus declares independence from
August 27 – Dissolution of the
independence from the
Michel Aoun leaves
Lebanon via a French ship into
Boris Yeltsin bans and dissolves the Communist Party of the Soviet
August 30 – Dissolution of the
August 31 – Dissolution of the
Uzbekistan declare independence from the
Map of the three Baltic states, in their flag colours.
September 2 – The United States re-recognizes the independence of
Estonia, Latvia, and
Lithuania and the US government reopens the
September 3 – In Hamlet, North Carolina, a grease fire breaks out at
the Imperial Foods chicken processing plant, killing 25 people.
September 4 – The Russian city
Yekaterinburg regains its name from
the communist–era name of Sverdlovsk,
September 5–7 – At the 35th Annual Tailhook Symposium in Las
Vegas, 83 women and 7 men are assaulted.
September 5 – The Congress of People's Deputies of the
self-dissolves, replaced by Supreme
Soviet of the
Soviet Union and
State Council of the
Singing Revolution: The
Soviet Union recognizes the independence of
the Baltic states.
Saint Petersburg is restored to Russia's second-largest city,
which had been renamed
Leningrad in 1924.
September 8 – The
Republic of Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia becomes independent. A
naming dispute with Greece immediately erupts.
September 9 –
Tajikistan declares its independence from the Soviet
Israel releases 51 Arab prisoners and the bodies of nine guerillas,
raising hopes that the last Western hostages in
Lebanon will soon be
Soviet Union announces plans to withdraw
Soviet military and
economic aid to Cuba.
September 15 – In the Swedish general election, the Social Democrats
suffer their worst election results in 60 years, leading to the
resignation of Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson.
September 16 – Judge
Gerhard Gesell of the United States District
Court for the District of Columbia issues a ruling clearing Col.
Oliver North of all charges brought against him in the Iran–Contra
September 17 – North Korea, South Korea, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania,
Marshall Islands and Micronesia join the United Nations.
September 19 –
Ötzi the Iceman
Ötzi the Iceman is found in the Alps.
September 20–21 – In Sandy, Utah, several patients are held
hostage and a nurse is killed in the Alta View Hospital hostage
Armenia declares independence from the
The Order of the
Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence
Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence of German tongue
(Orden der Schwestern der Perpetuellen Indulgenz deutscher Zunge,
"O.S.P.I.") is founded in
Heidelberg by Erzmutter (Archmother) Johanna
Indulgentia Tara Maria Benedicta O.S.P.I.
September 21–30 –
Iraq disarmament crisis: IAEA inspectors
discover files on Iraq's hidden nuclear weapons program. Iraqi
officials confiscate documents from U.N. weapons inspectors, refusing
to allow them to leave the site without turning over other documents.
A 4-day standoff ensues.
Iraq permits the team to leave with the
documents after the U.N. Security Council threatens enforcement
September 22 – The
Huntington Library makes the Dead Sea Scrolls
available to the public for the first time.
September 23 –
Special Commission inspectors discover
secret Iraqi documents in
Baghdad detailing plans to make nuclear
weapons, but the
Iraqi Army forcibly remove the documents from the
September 24 – Lebanese kidnappers release Jackie Mann, 77, after
more than two years of captivity.
September 25 – In the Salvadoran Civil War, representatives of the
Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front
Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front reach an agreement with
El Salvador Alfredo Cristiani, setting the stage for
ending over 11 years of civil war.
September 27 – President Bush announces unilateral reductions in
short-range nuclear weapons and calls off 24-hour alerts for
long-range bombers. The
Soviet Union responds with similar unilateral
reductions on October 5.
September 29 – In El Salvador, an army colonel of the Atlacatl
Battalion is found guilty of the
1989 murders of six Jesuits.
Jean-Bertrand Aristide is removed from power. He is
reinstated in 1994.
A tornado destroys parts of Itu, a city in southeastern Brazil,
killing 16 and leaving 176 injured.
October 1 – Croatian War of Independence: Forces of the Yugoslav
People's Army invade the area surrounding
Dubrovnik in Croatia,
beginning the Siege of Dubrovnik, which lasts until May 31, 1992.
Bill Clinton announces he will seek the 1992
Democratic nomination for President of the United States.
Nadine Gordimer, whose work was once suppressed because of its
scathing criticism of
Apartheid in South Africa, is awarded the 1991
Nobel Prize in Literature.
House banking scandal: Tom Foley, Speaker of the United States House
of Representatives, announces closure of the House Bank by the end of
the year after revelations that House members have written numerous
October 4 –
Carl Bildt becomes the new Prime Minister of Sweden,
Ingvar Carlsson .
October 6 – President Gorbachev condemns Antisemitism in the Soviet
Union in a statement read on the 50th anniversary of the Babi Yar
massacres, which saw the death of 35,000
Jews in Ukraine.
October 7 – The
Yugoslav Air Force
Yugoslav Air Force bombs the office of President of
Croatia Franjo Tuđman, who narrowly escapes with his life.
October 8 – The
Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with
In Russia, the
KGB is replaced by the SVR.
Iraq disarmament crisis: The U.N. Security Council passes Resolution
715, which demands that
Iraq "accept unconditionally the inspectors
and all other personnel designated by the
Special Commission". Iraq
rejects the resolution, calling it "unlawful."
October 11–13 – The U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee interviews
both Supreme Court candidate
Clarence Thomas and former aide Anita
Hill, who alleges that Thomas sexually harassed her while she worked
October 12 – Askar Akayev, previously chosen President of Kyrgyzstan
by its Supreme Soviet, is confirmed president in an uncontested poll.
October 13 – In the Bulgarian parliamentary election, the Union of
Democratic Forces defeats the Bulgarian Socialist Party, leaving no
remaining Communist governments in Eastern Europe.
October 14 – Aung San Suu Kyi, a Burmese opposition politician, won
the Nobel Peace prize.
October 15 – The
United States Senate
United States Senate votes 52–48 to confirm Judge
Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court of the United States.
October 16 – George Hennard murders 23 people in Killeen, Texas,
before killing himself.
October 18 – The
Soviet Union restores diplomatic relations with
Israel, which had been suspended since the
1967 Six-Day War.
The Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and destroys 3,469 homes and
Harare Declaration lays down the membership criteria for the
Commonwealth of Nations.
Ku Klux Klan
Ku Klux Klan
David Duke wins a spot in the runoff
election for governor of Louisiana, ultimately losing to Edwin
October 21 – Lebanese kidnappers release Jesse Turner, a mathematics
professor who had been held hostage for more than four years.
October 23 – In Paris, the Vietnam-backed government of the state of
Cambodia signs an agreement with the
Khmer Rouge to end the civil war
and bring the
Khmer Rouge into government in spite of its role in the
Cambodian genocide which ends the Cambodian–Vietnamese War. The deal
results in the creation of the
United Nations Transitional Authority
The first free parliamentary elections are held in Poland.
Turkmenistan declares its independence from the
October 28 –
November 4 – The
1991 Perfect Storm
1991 Perfect Storm strikes the
northeastern United States and Atlantic Canada, causing over $200
million of damage and resulting in 12 direct fatalities.
The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951
Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.
The U.S. expands trade sanctions on
Haiti to include all goods except
food and medicine, in an effort to encourage the leaders of the 1991
Haitian coup d'état to restore democracy.
October 30 – In Madrid, the Middle East Peace Conference opens, the
first direct negotiations between
Israel and nearly all its Arab
October 31 –
November 3 – The Halloween Blizzard hits the Upper
Midwest of the United States, causing around $100 million of damage
and killing 22.
Symbol of Vukovar; Croatian War of Independence
November 4–5 – In South Africa, the African National Congress
leads a general strike, demanding a role in governing and an end to a
The body of publishing tycoon
Robert Maxwell is found floating in the
Atlantic Ocean near the Canary Islands.
In a special election for the U.S. Senate,
Harris Wofford scores an
electoral upset against Dick Thornburgh, who had led him by 44 points
in an August opinion poll.
United States Senate
United States Senate confirms
Robert Gates as Director of Central
Vietnam relations: China and
Vietnam restore diplomatic
relations after a 13-year rift which followed the
KGB officially stops operations.
The CPSU and its republic-level division, the Communist Party of the
Russian SFSR, are banned in the
Russian SFSR by Presidential decree N
Los Angeles Lakers point guard
Magic Johnson announces he has HIV,
effectively ending his NBA career.
The last oil well fire in
Kuwait is extinguished.
The first report on carbon nanotubes is published by
Sumio Iijima in
the journal Nature.
November 8 – Hong Kong begins the forcible repatriation of
Vietnamese boat people, starting with a group of 59 who were flown to
The British JET fusion reactor generates 1.5 MW output power.
On the anniversary of Kristallnacht, tens of thousands of protestors
demonstrate against attacks on immigrant workers.[importance?]
November 12 –
June Rowlands is elected the first female Mayor of
American and British authorities announce indictments against two
Libyan intelligence officials, in connection with the downing of the
Pan Am Flight 103.
Norodom Sihanouk returns to
Phnom Penh after 13 years
Lebanon set Anglican Church envoys
Terry Waite and
Thomas Sutherland free.
The forces of the
Yugoslav People's Army
Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and Serb paramilitaries
take the Croatian town of
Vukovar after an 87-day siege, and kill more
than 260 Croatian prisoners of war.
An Azerbaijani MI-8 helicopter carrying a 19-member peacekeeping
mission team with officials and journalists from Russia, Kazakhstan
Azerbaijan is shot down by Armenian military forces in Khojavend
district of Azerbaijan.
Süleyman Demirel of DYP forms the new government of
government, coalition partner CHP).
November 21 – The
United Nations Security Council recommends Egypt's
deputy prime minister
Boutros Boutros-Ghali to be the next
Secretary-General of the United Nations.
November 23 – Members of the
Communist Party of Great Britain
Communist Party of Great Britain vote
to dissolve the party and found the think-tank Democratic Left in its
November 24 – Queen lead singer
Freddie Mercury dies from pneumonia
induced by AIDS.
November 26 – The National Assembly of
Azerbaijan abolishes the
autonomous status of Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast of Azerbaijan
and renames several cities according to their Azeri names.
November 27 – The
United Nations Security Council unanimously adopts
a resolution opening the way to the establishment of peacekeeping
operations in Yugoslavia.
December 8: The signing of the agreement ending the USSR's existence
and the founding of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
December 1 – Dissolution of the
Soviet Union: Ukrainians vote
overwhelmingly for independence from the
Soviet Union in a referendum.
Terry A. Anderson is released after seven years' captivity
as a hostage in
Beirut (the last and longest-held American hostage in
Pan American World Airways
Pan American World Airways ends operations.
John Leonard Orr, one of the most prolific serial arsonists of the
20th century, is arrested in California. In the ensuing years, Orr is
convicted in both Federal and state court.
Leaders of Russia, Belarus, and
Ukraine meet and sign an agreement
Soviet Union and establishing the Commonwealth of
Independent States (CIS), in the
Białowieża Forest Nature Reserve in
A referendum on the constitution of
Romania is accepted as valid.
December 11 – Croatian forces kill 18
Serbs and one Hungarian in the
village of Paulin Dvor, Croatia.
Soviet of the
Russian SFSR denounces the Union Treaty of
1922 and ratifies the
Belavezha Accords instead.
The government of
Nigeria changes the capital of the nation from Lagos
Ukraine becomes the first post-
Soviet republic to decriminalize
December 15 – The Egyptian ferry Salem Express sinks in the Red Sea,
killing more than 450.
Kazakhstan declares its independence from the
United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379: The United Nations
General Assembly adopts
United Nations General Assembly Resolution
46/86 which states that
Zionism is not racism, repealing United
Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379 (adopted 1975). The
resolution is favoured by 111 nations and opposed by 25.
Paul Keating defeats
Bob Hawke in a Labor Party leadership ballot.
Consequently, Keating becomes Prime Minister of Australia, being sworn
in the following day.
Skarnsund Bridge opens in Norway. With a span of 530 metres
(1,739 ft), it will be the world's longest cable-stayed bridge
for two years.
December 20 – A Missouri court passes the death sentence on
Zein Isa and his wife Maria, for the honor
killing of their daughter Palestina.
North Atlantic Cooperation Council
North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NAC-C) meets for the first
time, the day on which the
Soviet Union ceases to exist. source
Charilaos Florakis is elected honorary president of the Communist
Party of Greece. source
December 22 – Armed opposition groups launch a military coup against
President of Georgia
President of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia.
December 24 –
Russian SFSR President
Boris Yeltsin sends a letter to
UN Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, stating that Russia
should be a successor to the collapsing
Soviet Union within the United
December 25: The original flag of
Russia is readopted as the flag of
the Russian Federation.
Dissolution of the
Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as
president of the
Soviet Union, from which most republics have already
seceded, anticipating the dissolution of the 74-year-old state.
Russian SFSR officially renames itself the Russian Federation.
December 26 – The Supreme
Soviet meets for a final time, formally
Soviet Union, and adjourns sine die. All remaining
Soviet institutions eventually cease operation on December 31.
University of South Australia
University of South Australia is founded.[importance?]
James Hogue is exposed at Princeton University.
Ames crater astrobleme discovered in Major County, Oklahoma.
January 1 – Hamse Abdouh, Palestinian swimmer
Ben Hardy, English actor
Danny Miller, English actor
Davide Santon, Italian footballer
Steele Sidebottom, Australian Rules footballer
January 3 – Sébastien Faure, French footballer
Pascal Bodmer, German ski jumper
Olivia Tennet, New Zealand actress and dancer
January 5 – Rahel Kiwic, Swiss footballer
January 6 – Anabel Barnston, English actress
January 7 – Eden Hazard, Belgian football player
January 8 – Asuka Hinoi, Japanese singer
January 9 – 3LAU, American DJ and musician
January 11 – Hyolyn, South Korean singer and actress
January 12 – Pixie Lott, British singer
Kyle Clifford, Canadian hockey player
Goo Ha-ra, South Korean singer and actress
Ryan Coleman, American actor
Jeanine Mason, American actress and dancer
Darya Klishina, Russian athlete and model
Rubab Raza, Pakistani swimmer
January 16 – Julie Dubela, American singer
Britt McKillip, Canadian actress and musician
Matthew Kane, British actor
Erin Sanders, American actress
Yu Takahashi, Japanese actress and model
January 20 – Ciara Hanna, American actress and model
Craig Roberts, Welsh actor
Brittany Tiplady, Canadian actress
Marcus Canty, American singer and dancer
Anais Mali, French model
January 24 – Ali Kireş, Turkish footballer
January 28 – Calum Worthy, Canadian actor and musician
January 31 – Amy Jackson, English actress and model
February 1 – Jasmine Tookes, American model
February 3 – Glenn McCuen, American actor, model and gymnast
February 5 – Alba Riquelme, Paraguayan model
February 8 – Nam Woo-hyun, South Korean singer, dancer, and actor
Emma Roberts, American actress
C.J. Anderson, American football player
Christofer Drew, American singer
Georgia May Foote, British actress
Shanina Shaik, Australian model
February 12 – Casey Abrams, American singer
February 14 – Charlie G. Hawkins, English actor
Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg
Micah Stephen Williams, American actor
Sergio Canales, Spanish football player
Ed Sheeran, English singer
Bonnie Wright, British actress
Vadhir Derbez, Mexican actor
Jeremy Allen White, American actor
Malese Jow, American actress, singer and songwriter
Henry Surtees, British racing driver (d. 2009)
Trevor Bayne, American race car driver
Ariel Alexandria Davis, American actress
February 21 – Joe Alwyn, British actor and model
Robin Stjernberg, Swedish pop singer
Khalil Mack, American football player
Emily DiDonato, American model
O'Shea Jackson Jr., American rapper and actor
Kristie Mewis, American soccer player
Tony Oller, American actor and singer
February 26 – CL, South Korean singer and dancer
February 28 – Sarah Bolger, Irish actress
Wolfgang Van Halen
March 3 – Park Cho-rong, South Korean singer
Aoi Nakamura, Japanese actor
Diandra Newlin, American actress, singer, and fashion model
March 5 – Hanna Mangan-Lawrence, Australian actress
Nicole Fox, American fashion model and actress
Tyler, the Creator, American rapper and graphic artist
Lex Luger, American record producer
March 8 – Devon Werkheiser, American actor and musician
Domo Genesis, American rapper
Brenna O'Brien, Canadian actress and artist
Bang Mir, Korean pop rapper
Jung So-ra, Korean beauty pageant titleholder
Qian Lin, Chinese singer
Drew Osborne, American actor
Jack Rodwell, English footballer
March 13 – Tristan Thompson, Canadian basketball player
Jake Ball, English cricketer
Rhiannon Fish, Australian actress
March 15 – Kie Kitano, Japanese actress
March 16 – Wolfgang Van Halen, American musician
March 17 – Daisy Head, English actress
March 18 – Travis Frederick, American football player
March 19 – Garrett Clayton, American actor and singer
March 21 – Antoine Griezmann, French footballer
Colton Harris-Moore, American criminal, known as the "Barefoot Bandit"
Ashley Eastham, English footballer
Seychelle Gabriel, American actress
Dina Garipova, Russian singer of Tatar origin
March 26 – Jack Watts, Australian rules footballer
March 27 – Chloe Marshall, English model
Rin Asuka, Japanese actress
Amy Bruckner, American actress and singer
Derek Carr, American quarterback
Hoya, South Korean singer and actor
Hayley McFarland, American actress
Irene, South Korean singer
March 30 – Mia Carruthers, American singer and songwriter
Jamie Lynn Spears
Anna Gurji, Georgian actress
SpaceGhostPurrp, American rapper and producer
April 2 – Quavo, American rapper
April 3 – Hayley Kiyoko, American singer and actress
April 4 – Jamie Lynn Spears, American singer and actress
April 7 – Michelle Monkhouse, Canadian fashion model (d. 2011)
April 8 – Minami Takahashi, Japanese singer
April 9 – Sancler Frantz, Brazilian model and journalist
AJ Michalka, American singer and actress
Conor Leslie, American actress and model
Thiago Alcântara, Spanish footballer
Niall Canavan, English-born Irish footballer
James Magnussen, Australian swimmer
Telvin Smith, American football player
April 13 – Dylan Penn, American model and actress
April 14 – James Frecheville, Australian actor
Daiki Arioka, Japanese idol
Anastasia Vinnikova, Belarusian singer
April 17 – Tessa James, Australian actress
April 19 – Kelly Olynyk, Canadian basketball player
Ondřej Kraják, Czech footballer
Luke Kuechly, American football player
Yuko Shintake, Japanese artistic gymnast
Ann Ward, American model
Frank Dillane, English actor
Kenza Zouiten, Swedish fashion model
April 23 – Caleb Johnson, American singer
Sigrid Agren, French model
Carter Cruise, American pornographic actress
April 25 – Alex Shibutani, American ice dancer
April 27 – Rebecca Ryan, English actress
Aleisha Allen, American actress
Patricia Ashley, American actress
Daniel Curtis Lee
May 1 – Creagen Dow, American actor
May 3 – Samuel Seo, South Korean musician
May 7 – Rueben Randle, American football player
May 9 – Christy Mack, American pornographic actress and model
Ray Dalton, American singer-songwriter
Jordan Francis, Canadian actor
May 12 – Jennifer Damiano, American actress and singer
May 15 – Jennifer Hof, German fashion model
May 16 – Grigor Dimitrov, Bulgarian tennis player
Johanna Konta, Australian-born tennis player
Daniel Curtis Lee, American actor and rapper
Moran Mazor, Israeli singer
Brittani Kline, American model
Jordan Pruitt, American recording artist
May 21 – Sarah Ramos, American actress
Sophia Abrahão, Brazilian actress
Bárbara Evans, Brazilian model and television personality
Olivia Paige, American playboy model
Suho, South Korean singer
Nadine Ames, Indonesian beauty pageant titleholder
Lena Meyer-Landrut, German singer
Aaron Donald, American football player
Sam Masters, Australian Speedway Rider
May 24 – Erika Umeda, Japanese singer
Claire Sinclair, American playboy model
Derrick Williams, American basketball player
Takumi Abe, Japanese football player
Amber Bondin, Maltese singer
Marie-Sophie Hindermann, German artistic gymnast
Zeke Upshaw, American basketball player (d. 2018)
Beauden Barrett, New Zealand rugby union player
Kristen Alderson, American actress and singer
Saori Hayami, Japanese voice actress and singer
Tom Ljungman, Swedish television and film actor
June 3 – Natasha Dupeyrón, Mexican actress and singer
Jordan Hinson, American actress
Lorenzo Insigne, Italian footballer
June 6 – Son Dong-woon, Korean pop singer
Emily Ratajkowski, American model and actress
Fetty Wap, American rapper
June 10 – Pol Espargaró, Spanish motorcycle racer
June 11 – Kärt Tammjärv, Estonian actress
June 12 – Louisa Gummer, American model
June 15 – Rina Takeda, Japanese actress and black belt
June 16 – Joe McElderry, British singer and model
June 18 – Willa Holland, American model and actress
June 19 – Pontus Ekhem, Swedish hockey player
June 20 – Alexis Neiers, American television personality and model
Gaël Kakuta, Congolese professional footballer
César Taján, Colombian footballer
Bruno Aquino, Brazilian footballer
JC Greyling, Namibian rugby union player
Sachin Mylavarapu, Singaporean cricketer
Georgina Hagen, English actress and singer
Min, South Korean singer, actress and model
June 22 – Katie Jarvis, English actress
June 23 – Katie Armiger, American singer
Max Ehrich, American actor, singer and dancer
Yasmin Paige, English actress
Christa Theret, French actress
Victor Wanyama, Kenyan footballer
Madylin Sweeten, American actress
Oliver Stark, British actor
Kang Min-hyuk, South Korean drummer, actor and singer
Seohyun, South Korean singer
Tajja Isen, Canadian actress
Addison Timlin, American actress
Kawhi Leonard, American basketball player
Kaho, Japanese actress
David Witts, British actor
Emily Bett Rickards
Michael Wacha, American baseball player
Sanah Moidutty, Indian singer songwriter
Kev Adams, French humorist
July 2 – Kim Go-eun, South Korean actress
Tomomi Itano, Japanese singer and actress
Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova, Russian tennis player
Grant Rosenmeyer, American film and television actor
July 5 – Jason Dolley, American actor
July 6 – Victoire Thivisol, French actress
Alesso, Swedish DJ and music producer
Eve Hewson, Irish actress
Choi Tae-joon, South Korean actor
July 8 – Jamie Blackley, Manx-born British actor
Gioia Barbieri, Italian tennis player
Clara Hagman, Swedish singer
Mitchel Musso, American actor, singer
Riley Reid, American pornographic actress
María Chacón, Mexican actress and singer
Atsuko Maeda, Japanese singer and actress
Natalie Evans, American actress
Kentaro Sakaguchi, Japanese model and actor
American Idol contestant
James Rodríguez, Colombian football player
Erik Per Sullivan, American actor
Daniel Zovatto, American actor
July 13 – Seppe Smits, Belgian snowboarder
Emily Roeske, American actress
Erik J. Berg, Canadian actor
Derrick Favors, American basketball player
Yuki Kashiwagi, Japanese singer and actress
Alexandra Shipp, American actress
Andros Townsend, English footballer
July 18 – Karina Pasian, American singer and pianist
Merxat, Chinese actor
Alec Burks, American basketball player
Sara Sampaio, Portuguese model
Tuan Muhamad Faim, Malaysian footballer
Bibi Jones, American pornographic actress
Terron Armstead, American football player
Lauren Mitchell, Australian artistic gymnast
July 24 – Emily Bett Rickards, Canadian actress
July 27 – Rena Matsui, Japanese singer and idol
July 28 – Rina Aizawa, Japanese actress and gravure idol
Maestro Harrell, American actor
Miki Ishikawa, American actress and singer
David Carreira, Portuguese singer, model and actor
Diana Vickers, English singer-songwriter, stage actress and fashion
Filipa Azevedo, Portuguese singer
Abhay Jodhpurkar, Indian singer
Skyler Day, American actress and singer
Zuleyka Silver, American fashion model and actress
August 3 – Ismail Juma, Tanzanian long-distance runner (d. 2017)
August 4 – Lucinda Dryzek, English actress
August 5 – Brooke Marie Bridges, American actress
Kacey Rohl, Canadian actress
Irina Kulikova, Russian fashion model
Jiao Liuyang, Chinese swimmer
August 7 – Mike Trout, American baseball player
Alice Barlow, English actress and singer
Alexa Bliss, American professional wrestler
Hansika Motwani, Indian actress
Candela Vetrano, Argentine actress, singer and model
Jesinta Franklin, Australian beauty pageant titleholder
Lakeith Stanfield, American actor and rapper
Evanna Lynch, Irish actress
Kwon Ri-se, South Korean singer (d. 2014)
Young Thug, American hip hop artist
Austin Butler, American actor, singer, and model
Qory Sandioriva, Indonesian beauty pageant titleholder
August 18 – Richard Harmon, Canadian actor
August 20 – Cory Joseph, Canadian basketball player
August 21 – Tess Gaerthé, Dutch singer and actress
August 22 – Brayden Schenn, Canadian ice hockey player
August 23 – Jennifer Abel, Canadian diver
August 25 – Gershon Koffie, Ghanaian soccer player
Tommy Bastow, English actor and musician
Dylan O'Brien, American actor
August 27 – Lee Sung-yeol, South Korean singer, dancer and actor
Kyle Massey, American actor
Samuel Larsen, American actor and singer
Gaia Weiss, French model and actress
Farid Mammadov, Azerbaijani singer
September 1 – Rhys Bennett, English footballer
September 4 – Carter Jenkins, American actor
September 5 – Skandar Keynes, British actor
Joe Harris, American basketball player
Jennifer Veal, English actress
Kelsey Chow, American actress
Hunter Hayes, American country musician
Oscar dos Santos Emboaba Júnior, Brazilian footballer
Hannah Hodson, American actress
Adam Nichols, British musician
September 11 – Kygo, Norwegian DJ and record producer
September 13 – Ksenia Afanasyeva, Russian artistic gymnast
September 14 – Nana, South Korean singer, actress and model
September 16 – Marlon Teixeira, Brazilian model
An Byeong-hun, Korean golfer
Ryo Ishikawa, Japanese golfer
Jordan McCoy, American singer and guitarist
Sanne Wevers, Dutch gymnast
Mena Massoud, Canadian actor
September 18 – Scharllette Allen Moses, Nicaraguan beauty pageant
September 20 – Spencer Locke, American actress
September 21 – Zoe Weizenbaum, American former actress
Khairul Anuar Mohamad, Malaysian archer
Chelsea Tavares, American actress and singer
Key, Korean singer
Melanie Oudin, American tennis player
September 25 – Emmy Clarke, American actress
September 27 – Simona Halep, Romanian tennis player
Princess Mako of Akishino
October 2 – Roberto Firmino, Brazilian footballer
Cole Hawkins, American actor
Nicolai Kielstrup, Danish singer
Brett Murphy, American actor
October 5 – Jackson Rogow, American actor
October 6 – Roshon Fegan, American actor
Nicole Jung, Korean-American singer
Lay, Chinese singer
Gabriella Cilmi, Australian singer-songwriter
Lali Espósito, Argentine actress, singer, dancer and model
Mariana Pajón, Colombian cyclist
Xherdan Shaqiri, Swiss footballer
October 14 – Shona McGarty, English actress
Phan Thi Ha Thanh, Vietnamese artistic gymnast
Miori Takimoto, Japanese actress
Jedward, Irish pop duo
October 17 – Brenda Asnicar, Argentine actress and singer
October 18 – Tyler Posey, American actor and musician
October 19 – Christopher Gerse, American actor
Kirsten Olson, American figure skater and actress
Zulfahmi Khairuddin, Malaysian motocycle racer
Arianna Afsar, American pageant titleholder and singer
Tatiana Martínez, Mexican actress
Sophie Oda, Japanese American actress
Princess Mako of Akishino, Japanese princess
October 24 – Torstein Andersen Aase, Norwegian football striker
October 25 – Isabella Shinikova, Bulgarian tennis player
October 26 – Amala Paul, Indian film actress
October 27 – Bryan Craig, American actor
October 28 – Mart Müürisepp, Estonian actor
October 29 – Marcus Lattimore, American football player
Paulina Olszynski, American actress
Aliza Vellani, Canadian television actress
October 31 – Jordan-Claire Green, American actress musician and
Jiang Yuyuan, Chinese gymnast
Anthony Ramos, American actor
Olta Boka, Albanian singer
Bee Vang, American actor
Adriana Chechik, American pornographic actress
Camila Finn, Brazilian model
Pierson Fodé, American actor and model
Riker Lynch, American actor, singer and bassist
Dan Middleton, YouTube Personality
November 10 – Genevieve Buechner, Canadian actress
Emma Blackery, British singer
Christa B. Allen, American actress
Tanvi Hegde, Indian film actress
Takatoshi Abe, Japanese track and field athlete
Gijs Van Hoecke, Belgian cyclist
Matt Bennett, American actor, singer and screenwriter
Devon Bostick, Canadian actor
Taylor Hall, Canadian ice hockey player
Graham Patrick Martin, American film and television actor
November 15 – Shailene Woodley, American actress
November 16 – Tomomi Kasai, Japanese singer
November 20 – Irene Esser, Venezuelan beauty pageant titleholder
November 21 – Dmitriy Martynov, Russian actor
Diana Danielle, American actress
Saki Shimizu, Japanese singer
November 24 – Lacey Baker, American skateboader
Jamie Grace, American musician and actress
Martin del Rosario, Filipino actor
November 28 – Ian Beharry, Canadian pair skater
Jillian Rose Reed
December 1 – Sun Yang, Chinese Olympic swimmer
Brandon Knight, American basketball player
Charlie Puth, American singer
Chloe Dufour-Lapointe, Canadian freestyle skier
Dominique Jackson, British actress
Masahiro Usui, Japanese actor
December 4 – Aiden Grimshaw, English singer
Prince Joachim of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, Belgian prince
Choi Minho, South Korean rapper and TV host
December 10 – Kiki Bertens, Dutch tennis player
Dyllan Christopher, American actor
Daniel Magder, Canadian actor
Wallis Currie-Wood, American actress
Anna Bergendahl, Swedish singer
Gastón Soffritti, Argentine actress
December 13 – Jay Greenberg, American music composer
December 15 – Eunice Cho, Korean-American actress
Daniel Tay, American actor and voice actor
Nadech Kugimiya, Thai model and actor
Declan Galbraith, English singer
Keiynan Lonsdale, Australian actor
Sumire Uesaka, Japanese voice actress and singer
Hunter Gomez, American actor
Jillian Rose Reed, American actress
Vincent Caso, American actor and entrepreneur
Louis Tomlinson, British singer and songwriter (One Direction)
December 26 – Eden Sher, American actress
December 27 – Chloe Bridges, American actress
December 28 – Belime,
Lebanon singer-songwriter, pop musician and
December 30 – Camila Giorgi, Italian tennis player
Carl David Anderson
Olav V of Norway
January 2 – Renato Rascel, Italian actor and singer (b. 1912)
Luke Appling, American baseball player (Chicago White Sox) and member
MLB Hall of Fame
MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1907)
Doris Zinkeisen, Scottish theatrical stage and costume designer,
painter, commercial artist and writer (b. 1898)
January 5 – Vasko Popa, Yugoslavian poet (b. 1922)
Everett Bidwell, American politician (b. 1899)
Stephen Winsten, one of the 'Whitechapel Boys' group (b. 1893)
Maurice Deloraine, French engineer, executive and technical director
of International Telephone and Telegraph (b. 1898)
January 8 – Steve Clark, English guitarist (b. 1960)
Carl David Anderson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b.
Charles Mozley, British artist (b. 1914)
Keye Luke, Chinese-born actor (b. 1904)
Vasco Pratolini, Italian writer (b. 1913)
Mary Francis Shura, American writer (b. 1923)
January 14 –
Salah Khalaf (a.k.a. Abu Iyad), Palestinian officer (b.
Ralph Tambs-Lyche, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1890)
Frederick J. Pohl, prolific playwright, literary critic, editor, and
book writer (b. 1889)
January 17 – King
Olav V of Norway
Olav V of Norway (b. 1903)
January 18 – Hamilton Fish III, American soldier and politician (b.
January 19 – John Russell, American actor (b. 1921)
January 22 – Kenas Aroi, Nauruan politician (b. 1942)
January 25 – Frank Soo, English footballer and manager (b. 1914)
January 28 – Red Grange, American football player (Chicago Bears)
and member of the
Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1903)
January 29 – Yasushi Inoue, Japanese historian (b. 1907)
John Bardeen, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (b. 1907)
John McIntire, American actor (b. 1907)
John Charles Daly
February 1 – Carol Dempster, American actress (b. 1901)
Pete Axthelm, American sportswriter (b. 1943)
Sir Monty Finniston, British industrialist (b. 1912)
Arnold Armitage, British-born artist and illustrator, (b. 1899)
Nancy Kulp, American actress (b. 1921)
Ed Russenholt, first weather person (b. 1890)
Pedro Arrupe, Spanish
Roman Catholic priest, Superior General of the
Society of Jesus (b. 1907)
Dean Jagger, American actor (b. 1903)
Salvador Luria, Italian-born biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize
in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
Danny Thomas, American singer, comedian, and actor (b. 1912)
María Zambrano, Spanish essayist and philosopher (b. 1904)
February 7 – Amos Yarkoni, legendary Israeli soldier (b. 1920)
February 13 – Arno Breker, German sculptor (b. 1900)
John A. McCone, American politician, 6th Director of Central
Intelligence (b. 1902)
Neta Snook, pioneer aviator (b. 1896)
February 16 – Enrique Bermúdez, Nicaraguan
Contras leader (b. 1932)
John Sherman Cooper, American politician (b. 1901)
Margot Fonteyn, English ballet dancer (b. 1919)
John Charles Daly, South African-born journalist and game show host
Héctor Rial, Argentinian footballer (b. 1928)
George Gobel, American comedian (b. 1919)
Jean Rogers, American actress (b. 1916)
February 25 – Sverre Hansen, Norwegian long jumper (b. 1899)
February 28 – Koesbini, Indonesian composer (b. 1910)
Katherine Blake, South African-born British actress (b. 1921)
Edwin H. Land, inventor of the Polaroid instant camera (b. 1909)
Serge Gainsbourg, French singer (b. 1928)
Mary Howard a.k.a. Josephine Edgar, British writer (b. 1907)
Arthur Murray, American dancer and dance instructor (b. 1895)
William Penney, Baron Penney, British nuclear physicist (b. 1909)
March 7 – Cool Papa Bell, American baseball player (b. 1903)
March 12 – Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, recipient of the
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1900)
March 13 – Sigurd Aalefjær, Norwegian engineer and civil servant
Howard Ashman, American lyricist (b. 1950)
Doc Pomus, American composer (b. 1925)
George Sherman, American film director (b. 1908)
Evelyn Boucher, British film actress (b. 1892)
Robin Hill, British plant biochemist (b. 1899)
Rowland Baring, 3rd Earl of Cromer, British central banker and
diplomat (b. 1918)
Latasha Harlins, American murder victim (b. 1975)
March 18 – Vilma Bánky, Hungarian-born actress (b. 1901)
March 20 – Conor Clapton, son of guitarist Eric Clapton (b. 1986)
March 21 – Leo Fender, American instrument maker (b. 1909)
March 23 – Elisaveta Bagriana, Bulgarian poet, Nobel Prize in
Literature (b. 1893)
John Kerr, former Governor-General of Australia (b. 1914)
Maudie Edwards, English actress (b. 1906)
March 25 – Marcel Lefebvre, French
Roman Catholic bishop who fought
for Catholic Tradition (b. 1905)
March 27 – Aldo Ray, American actor (b. 1926)
March 29 – Lee Atwater, American Presidential advisor (b. 1951)
Paulo Muwanga, Ugandan military officer and statesman, 3rd Prime
Minister of Uganda and 6th
President of Uganda
President of Uganda (b. 1921)
Martha Graham, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1894)
Jaime Guzmán, Chilean right-wing senator (assassinated) (b. 1946)
Charles Goren, American bridge player, writer, and columnist (b. 1901)
Graham Greene, English writer (b. 1904)
Max Frisch, Swiss writer (b. 1911)
John Heinz III, American politician (b. 1938)
Louis Guglielmi, French composer (b. 1916),
Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (b. 1920)
Sonny Carter, American astronaut (b. 1947)
John Tower, American politician (b. 1925)
William Sidney, former Governor-General of Australia (b. 1909)
Soviet army officer (b. 1967)[importance?]
Ruth Page, American ballerina and choreographer (b. 1899)
April 8 – Per "Dead" Ohlin, Swedish singer (b. 1969)
April 9 – Forrest Towns, American Olympic athlete (b. 1914)
Kevin Peter Hall, American actor (b. 1955)
Natalie Schafer, American actress (b. 1900)
April 16 – David Lean, English film director (b. 1908)
April 18 – Austin Bradford Hill, English epidemiologist and
statistician (b. 1897)
April 19 – Stanley Hawes, British-born Australian film producer,
director and administrator (b. 1905)
Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal, Mongolian Communist leader, former Party General
Prime Minister of Mongolia
Prime Minister of Mongolia (b. 1916)
Steve Marriott, English musician (b. 1947)
Don Siegel, American film director (b. 1912)
April 23 – Johnny Thunders, American musician (b. 1952)
Carmine Coppola, American composer and conductor (b. 1910)
William Andrew Paton, founder of the American Accounting Association
in 1916, (b. 1889)
April 27 – Robert Velter, French cartoonist (b. 1909)
Paul E. Klopsteg, American physicist (b. 1889)
Johnny Eck, American sideshow performer (b. 1911)
Ken Curtis, American actor (b. 1916)
Gonzaguinha, Brazilian singer and composer (b. 1945)
Claude Gallimard, French editor (b. 1914)
Mohammed Abdel Wahab
Cesare Merzagora, Italian politician (b. 1898)
Richard Thorpe, American film director (b. 1896)
Jerzy Kosiński, Polish-American writer (b. 1933)
James C. Tison, Jr., American admiral and civil engineer, sixth
Director of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, first
director of the Environmental Science Services Administration Corps
May 4 – Mohammed Abdel Wahab, Egyptian singer and composer (b. 1902)
May 6 – Wilfrid Hyde-White, British actor (b. 1903)
May 7 – Dennis Crosby, American singer (b. 1934)
Jean Langlais, French composer and organist (b. 1907)
Rudolf Serkin, Austrian pianist (b. 1903)
May 13 – Myron Brinig, Jewish-American author (b. 1896)
May 14 – Jiang Qing, Chinese radical revolutionary, widow of Mao
Zedong (b. 1914)
Shintaro Abe, Japanese politician (b. 1924)
Andreas Floer, German mathematician (b. 1956)
Ronald Lacey, English actor (b. 1935)
Gerd Achgelis, German aviator, test pilot, and pioneer in the
development of helicopters (b. 1908)
Betty Alberge, English actress (b. 1922)
Edwina Booth, American actress (b. 1904)
May 20 – Lydia Cabrera, Cuban anthropologist and poet (b. 1899)
Lino Brocka, Filipino film director (b. 1939)
Rajiv Gandhi, 6th Prime Minister of
India (b. 1944)
May 22 – Derrick Henry Lehmer, American mathematician (b. 1905)
Jean Van Houtte, Belgian politician, 38th Prime Minister of Belgium
Wilhelm Kempff, German pianist (b. 1895)
Will Sinnott, Scottish bassist and keyboardist (The Shamen) (b. 1960)
May 24 – Gene Clark, American singer-songwriter (b. 1944)
May 27 – Leopold Nowak, Austrian musicologist (b. 1904)
May 29 – Coral Browne, Australian actress (b. 1913)
May 30 – Manolo Gómez Bur, Spanish actor (b. 1917)
June 1 – David Ruffin, American singer (b. 1941)
June 2 – Hailu Yimenu, Ethiopian politician, acting Prime Minister
Brian Bevan, Australian rugby league player (b. 1924)
Eva Le Gallienne, English-born actress (b. 1899)
June 4 – MC Trouble, American rapper (b. 1970)
Larry Kert, American actor (b. 1930)
Evelyn Boucher, British film actress who had a number of leading roles
in silent films (b. 1892)
Min Chueh Chang, Chinese-born American reproductive biologist (b.
June 6 – Stan Getz, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1927)
June 8 – Bertice Reading, American actress and singer (b. 1933)
June 9 – Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (b. 1903)
June 11 – Cromwell Everson, South African composer (b. 1925)
June 14 – Peggy Ashcroft, British actress (b. 1907)
Happy Chandler, 2nd commissioner of
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball (b. 1898)
W. Arthur Lewis, Saint Lucian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b.
Ricardo Wolf, Jewish-German-Cuban-Israeli inventor, diplomat,
philanthropist (b. 1887)
June 17 – Pierre Jamet, French harpist (b. 1893)
Joan Caulfield, American actress (b. 1922)
István Schweitzer, Hungarian military officer (b. 1887)
June 19 – Jean Arthur, American actress (b. 1900)
Czesław Białas, Polish Olympic weightlifter (b. 1931)
Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter of Zapotec (b. 1899)
June 25 – Michael Heidelberger, American immunologist (b. 1888)
Henry Pierson Crowe, legendary Marine of the Korean War, World War II,
the banana wars, and World War I (b. 1899)
Molly Geertsema, Dutch liberal politician, former leader of the VVD
party (b. 1918)
George MacLeod, Scottish soldier and clergyman (b. 1895)
June 28 – Hans Nüsslein, German tennis player (b. 1910)
June 29 – Henri Lefebvre, French sociologist and philosopher (b.
July 1 – Michael Landon, American actor (b. 1936)
July 2 – Lee Remick, American actress (b. 1935)
Victor Chang, Australian physician (b. 1936)
Henry Koerner, Austrian-born American painter and graphic designer (b.
Mildred Dunnock, American actress (b. 1901)
Howard Nemerov, American poet (b. 1920)
July 6 – Anton Yugov, Bulgarian Communist politician, 35th Prime
Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1904)
July 7 – André Busch, French Olympic water polo player (b. 1913)
July 8 – James Franciscus, American actor (b. 1934)
July 11 – Mokhtar Dahari, Malaysian footballer (b. 1953)
Bert Convy, American actor (b. 1933)
Roger Revelle, American scientist and scholar (b. 1909)
July 16 – Robert Motherwell, American painter (b. 1915)
André Cools, Belgian Socialist politician (b. 1927)
Ambrus Nagy, Hungarian fencer, Olympic silver medalist (1956) (b.
July 24 – Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-born Yiddish writer, Nobel
Prize laureate (b. 1902)
Soviet politician, former member of the CPSU
Politburo and Deputy Prime Minister (b. 1893)
Henry Holst, Danish violinist (b. 1899)
July 27 – John Friedrich, German-born Australian engineer and conman
María Antinea, Spanish actress (b. 1915)
Christian de Castries, French general (b. 1902)
July 31 – Doris Zinkeisen, Scottish theatrical stage and costume
designer, painter, commercial artist and writer (b. 1898)
August 1 – Chris Short, American baseball pitcher (b. 1937)
August 3 – Ali Sabri, Egyptian politician, 32nd Prime Minister of
Egypt (b. 1920)
August 4 – Yevgeny Dragunov, Russian weapons designer (b. 1920)
Paul Brown, American football coach (Cleveland Browns) and member of
Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1908)
Soichiro Honda, Japanese engineer and industrialist (b. 1917)
Sam Goodman, American gospel singer of the Happy Goodman Family (b.
Shapour Bakhtiar, Iranian politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1915)
Arthur Pentelow, English actor (b. 1924)
Harry Reasoner, American journalist and newscaster (b. 1923)
August 7 –
Billy T. James
Billy T. James New Zealand comedian (b. 1948)
James Irwin, American astronaut (b. 1930)
Julissa Gomez, American gymnast (b. 1972)
August 11 – J. D. McDuffie, American race car driver (b. 1938)
August 13 – James Roosevelt, American businessman and politician (b.
August 14 – Richard A. Snelling, Governor of Vermont (b. 1927)
August 16 – Luigi Zampa, Italian film-maker (b. 1905)
August 17 – Terence Kilmartin, Irish journalist and translator (b.
August 21 – Oswald von Nell-Breuning,
Roman Catholic theologian and
sociologist (b. 1890)
Colleen Dewhurst, Canadian-born actress (b. 1924)
Boris Pugo, Latvian communist politician,
Soviet minister of the
Interior (b. 1937)
Jane Stafford, American medical writer and chemist (b. 1899)
Mildred Trotter, forensic anthropologist (b. 1899)
Florence B. Seibert, American biochemist (b. 1897)
August 24 – Sergey Akhromeyev,
Soviet marshall, former Chief of the
General Staff of the
Soviet Armed Forces (b. 1923)
August 25 – Niven Busch, American novelist and screenwriter (b.
August 28 – Alekos Sakellarios, Greek writer and director (b. 1913)
Jean Tinguely, Swiss painter and sculptor (b. 1925)
Cyril Knowles, English footballer and manager (b. 1944)
Alfonso García Robles
September 2 – Alfonso García Robles, Mexican diplomat and
politician, recipient of the
Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1911)
September 3 – Frank Capra, Italian-born American film director (b.
Tom Tryon, American actor and writer (b. 1926)
Dottie West, American singer (b. 1932)
Charlie Barnet, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1913)
September 7 – Edwin McMillan, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
Alex North, American film composer (b. 1910)
Brad Davis, American actor (b. 1949)
Gordon Gunson, English football player (b. 1904)
Nell Donnelly Reed, American fashion designer and businesswoman (b.
Jack Crawford, Australian tennis champion (b. 1908)
Jan Józef Lipski, Polish critic, historian and politician (b. 1926)
September 12 – Bruce Matthews, Canadian Army officer and businessman
September 13 – Joe Pasternak, Hungarian-born film director (b. 1901)
September 14 – Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer,
and author (b. 1910)
September 15 – John Hoyt, American actor (b. 1905)
Henry Angus, Canadian lawyer and academic (b. 1891)
Frank H. Netter, American artist, physician, and medical illustrator
Zino Francescatti, French violinist (b. 1902)
September 19 – Lydia Cabrera, Cuban anthropologist and poet (b.
September 22 – Tino Casal, Spanish pop singer (b. 1950)
Dr. Seuss (Theodor Seuss Geisel), American author (b. 1904)
Robert Donati, American mobster (b. 1940), body discovered this date
Klaus Barbie, German
Gestapo leader in Lyon (b. 1913)
Viviane Romance, French actress (b. 1912)
Ellic Howe, British writer (b. 1910)
Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1926)
September 29 – Grace Zaring Stone, American novelist and short story
writer (b. 1891)
October 2 – Patriarch
Demetrios I of Constantinople (b. 1914)
October 5 – Martin Ennals, British human rights activist (b. 1927)
Igor Talkov, Russian singer, poet and composer (b. 1956)
Florence B. Seibert, American biochemist (b. 1897)
Roy Black, German singer (b. 1943)
Thalmus Rasulala, American actor (b. 1939)
October 11 – Redd Foxx, American comedian and actor (b. 1922)
Aline MacMahon, American actress (b. 1899)
Arkady Strugatsky, Russian writer (b. 1925)
Regis Toomey, American actor (b. 1898)
Daniel Oduber Quirós, Costa Rican politician, 37th President of Costa
Rica (b. 1921)
Agustín Rodríguez Sahagún, Spanish politician, former Defense
Minister and mayor of
Madrid (b. 1932)
October 17 – Tennessee Ernie Ford, American singer (b. 1919)
October 24 – Gene Roddenberry, American television producer (b.
John Stratton, English actor (b. 1925)
Bill Graham, American promoter (b. 1931)
Howard Kingsbury, American Olympic rower – Men's eights (b. 1904)
Pyke Koch, Dutch painter (b. 1901)
Andrzej Panufnik, Polish musician and composer (b. 1914)
October 28 – Sylvia Fine, American lyricist (b. 1913)
October 29 – Mario Scelba, Italian politician, 33rd Prime Minister
President of the European Parliament
President of the European Parliament (b. 1901)
October 31 – Joseph Papp, American theater producer (b. 1921)
November 2 – Irwin Allen, American film and television producer (b.
November 3 – Chris Bender, American musician (b. 1972)
Fred MacMurray, American actor (b. 1908)
Robert Maxwell, Slovakian-born media entrepreneur (b. 1923)
November 6 – Gene Tierney, American actress (b. 1920)
November 9 – Yves Montand, French actor and singer (b. 1921)
Eva Bosáková, Czechoslovakian artistic gymnast (b. 1931)
Curt Weibull, Swedish historian, educator and author (b. 1886)
November 12 – Keizō Hayashi, Japanese civil servant and military
official (b. 1907)
November 14 – Tony Richardson, English film and theater director (b.
November 18 – Gustáv Husák, Czechoslovak politician, 9th President
Czechoslovakia (b. 1913)
November 19 – Reggie Nalder, Austrian actor (b. 1907)
November 21 – Daniel Mann, American film director (b. 1912)
November 23 – Klaus Kinski, German actor (b. 1926)
Eric Carr, American drummer (Kiss) (b. 1950)
Anton Furst, American art director (b. 1944)
Freddie Mercury, lead singer and pianist of British rock group Queen
Eleanor Audley, American actress (b. 1905)
Nimeño II, French bullfighter (b. 1954)
Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (b. 1908)
Bob Johnson, American ice hockey coach (b. 1931)
Ralph Bellamy, American actor (b. 1904)
Nasirdin Isanov, 1st Prime Minister of
Kyrgyzstan (b. 1943)
Frank Yerby, American novelist (b. 1916)
December 1 – George Stigler, American economist, Nobel Prize
laureate (b. 1911)
December 6 – Richard Stone, British economist, Nobel Prize laureate
December 9 – Berenice Abbott, American photographer (b. 1898)
Franco Maria Malfatti, Italian politician (b. 1927)
Greta Kempton, American artist (b. 1901)
Robert Q. Lewis, American radio and television personality (b. 1920)
Artur Lundkvist, Swedish author (b. 1906)
Eleanor Boardman, American actress (b. 1898)
Olli Ungvere, Estonian actress (b. 1906)
John Arlott, British journalist, author and cricket commentator (b.
Charles Osborne, hiccupped continuously for 68 years (1922–1990) (b.
Vasily Zaytsev, Russian
World War II
World War II hero (b. 1915)
Aad Mansveld, Dutch footballer (b. 1944)
December 18 – George Abecassis, English race car driver (b. 1913)
December 19 – Paul Maxwell, Canadian actor (b. 1921)
December 24 – Marguerite Williams, African American geologist (b.
December 27 – Hervé Guibert, French writer and photographer (b.
December 28 – Cassandra Harris, Australian actress (b. 1941)
December 31 – Yuri Belov,
Soviet actor (b. 1930)
Yvonne Hutton, British comic artist (b. 1941)
Physics – Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
Chemistry – Richard R. Ernst
Medicine – Erwin Neher, Bert Sakmann
Literature – Nadine Gordimer
Peace – Aung San Suu Kyi
Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel
– Ronald Coase
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