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1991
1991
was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1991st year of the Common Era
Common Era
(CE) and Anno Domini
Anno Domini
(AD) designations, the 991st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1990s
1990s
decade. It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s. During the year, the Union of Soviet
Soviet
Socialist Republics fell, leaving fifteen sovereign republics in its place. India
India
also abandoned its policies of socialism and autarky and began extensive neoliberal changes to its economy in July 1991
1991
which would increase the GDP but also economic inequality over the next two decades.[1] A U.N.-authorized coalition force from thirty-four nations fought against Iraq, which had invaded and annexed Kuwait
Kuwait
in the previous year, 1990. The conflict would be called the Gulf War
Gulf War
and would mark the beginning of a since-constant American military presence in the Middle East. The clash between Serbia and the other Yugoslav republics would lead into the beginning of the Yugoslav Wars, which ran through the rest of the decade. The Japanese asset price bubble
Japanese asset price bubble
burst this year, leading to the Lost Years and a permanently stagnated (though still prosperous) Japanese economy.[2]

Contents

1 Events

1.1 January 1.2 February 1.3 March 1.4 April 1.5 May 1.6 June 1.7 July 1.8 August 1.9 September 1.10 October 1.11 November 1.12 December 1.13 Date unknown

2 Births

2.1 January 2.2 February 2.3 March 2.4 April 2.5 May 2.6 June 2.7 July 2.8 August 2.9 September 2.10 October 2.11 November 2.12 December

3 Deaths

3.1 January 3.2 February 3.3 March 3.4 April 3.5 May 3.6 June 3.7 July 3.8 August 3.9 September 3.10 October 3.11 November 3.12 December 3.13 Date unknown

4 Nobel Prizes 5 References

Events[edit] January[edit]

January 1

Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
becomes the second Eastern European country to abandon its command economy. The first anti-stalking law, passed in 1990, goes into effect in California.[3] Dublin
Dublin
begins its year as the European Capital of Culture.

January 2 – In eastern El Salvador, Salvadoran rebels shoot down a United States Army
United States Army
helicopter and execute the two surviving members of its 3-man crew. January 4 – The United Nations
United Nations
Security Council votes unanimously to condemn Israel's treatment of the Palestinians. January 5 – Georgian troops attack Tskhinvali, the capital of South Ossetia, opening the 1991–92 South Ossetia
South Ossetia
War. January 6

The runoff for the Guatemalan presidential election is won by Jorge Serrano Elías. The All India
India
Federation of Anganwadi Workers and Helpers is founded in Udaipur.

January 7 – In Haiti, an attempted coup by an associate of former dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier
Jean-Claude Duvalier
is thwarted by Loyalist troops. January 9

United States Secretary of State
United States Secretary of State
James Baker
James Baker
meets with the Foreign Minister of Iraq
Iraq
Tariq Aziz, but fails to produce a plan for Iraq
Iraq
to withdraw its troops from Kuwait. In Sebokeng, South Africa, gunmen fire on mourners attending the funeral of a leader of the African National Congress, killing 13 people.

January 12 – Gulf War: The Congress of the United States passes a resolution authorizing the use of military force to expel Iraqi forces from Kuwait. January 13 – Singing Revolution: Soviet
Soviet
forces storm Vilnius
Vilnius
to stop Lithuanian independence. January Events (Lithuania)
January Events (Lithuania)
and the Time of Barricades in Latvia. January 15

The United Nations
United Nations
deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from occupied Kuwait
Kuwait
expires, preparing the way for the start of Operation Desert Storm. Prime Minister of Cape Verde
Prime Minister of Cape Verde
Pedro Pires
Pedro Pires
resigns following his party's loss in the January 13 Cape Verdean parliamentary election, the first ever multiparty election in an African nation.

January 16

U.S. serial killer Aileen Wuornos
Aileen Wuornos
confesses to the murders of six men. Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm
Operation Desert Storm
begins with air strikes against Iraq.

January 17

Gulf War: Iraq
Iraq
fires 8 Scud
Scud
missiles into Israel. Harald V of Norway
Harald V of Norway
becomes king on the death of his father, Olav V. The volcano Hekla erupts on Iceland.

January 18 Eastern Air Lines
Eastern Air Lines
shuts down after 62 years, citing financial problems. January 19

An Iraqi Scud
Scud
attack on Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
in Israel
Israel
injures 15 people. The Party of the Alliance of Youth, Workers and Farmers of Angola is founded in Luanda, Angola.

January 21 – Harald V's investiture ceremony as King of Norway. January 22

Three Iraqi Scuds and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan
in Israel, injuring 96 people; three elderly people die of heart attacks. The British Army
British Army
SAS patrol, Bravo Two Zero, is deployed in Iraq during the Gulf War.

January 24 – The government of Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
signs a peace agreement with separatist leaders from Bougainville Island, ending fighting that had gone on since 1988. January 26 – Siad Barre is overthrown; Somalia
Somalia
enters civil war. January 29

Siad Barre is succeeded by Ali Mahdi Muhammad
Ali Mahdi Muhammad
in Somalia. In South Africa, Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
of the African National Congress
African National Congress
and Mangosuthu Buthelezi
Mangosuthu Buthelezi
of the Inkatha Freedom Party
Inkatha Freedom Party
agree to end the violence that had plagued relations between the two organizations. Gulf War: the Battle of Khafji
Battle of Khafji
occurs, the battle lasts until February 1.

February[edit]

February 1

A USAir
USAir
Boeing 737-300, USAir
USAir
Flight 1493 collides with a SkyWest Airlines Fairchild Metroliner, 5569 at Los Angeles
Los Angeles
International Airport, killing 34. The 6.4 mb Hindu Kush earthquake affected northeast Afghanistan with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VII (Very strong), causing extreme damage, leaving 848 dead and 200 injured.

February 5 – A Michigan
Michigan
court bars Dr. Jack Kevorkian
Jack Kevorkian
from assisting in suicides. February 7

Haiti's first democratically elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is sworn in. The Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army
launches a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street during a cabinet meeting. Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter Kuwait, thus starting the ground phase of the war.

February 9 – Singing Revolution: Voters in Lithuania
Lithuania
support independence. February 11 – The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) forms in The Hague, Netherlands. February 13 – Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy an underground bunker in Baghdad, killing hundreds of Iraqis. United States military intelligence claims it was a military facility but Iraqi officials identify it as a bomb shelter. February 15 – The Visegrad Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland. February 17 – The Cape Verdean presidential election, Cape Verde's first multiparty presidential election since 1975, is won by António Mascarenhas Monteiro. February 18 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army
explodes bombs in the early morning, at both Paddington station and Victoria station in London. February 20 President of Albania
President of Albania
Ramiz Alia
Ramiz Alia
dismisses the government headed by Prime Minister of Albania
Prime Minister of Albania
Adil Çarçani
Adil Çarçani
in an effort to stem pro-democracy protests. Fatos Nano
Fatos Nano
is sworn in as Prime Minister on February 22. February 22 – Gulf War: Iraq
Iraq
accepts a Soviet-proposed cease fire agreement. The U.S. rejects the agreement, but says that retreating Iraqi forces will not be attacked if they leave Kuwait
Kuwait
within 24 hours. February 23

The One Meridian Plaza fire
One Meridian Plaza fire
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, kills three firefighters and destroys eight floors of the building. In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong
Sunthorn Kongsompong
deposes Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan
Chatichai Choonhavan
in a bloodless coup d'état.

February 25 – Gulf War: Part of an Iraqi Scud
Scud
missile hits an American military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, killing 29 and injuring 99 U.S. soldiers. It is the single-most devastating attack on U.S. forces during that war. February 26 – Gulf War: On Baghdad
Baghdad
radio, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein announces the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait. Iraqi soldiers set fire to Kuwaiti oil fields as they retreat. February 27

President Bush declares victory over Iraq
Iraq
and orders a cease-fire. In the Bangladeshi general election, the Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Nationalist Party wins 139 of 300 seats in the Jatiyo Sangshad. BNP leader Khaleda Zia becomes President of Bangladesh
President of Bangladesh
on March 19.

March[edit]

March – Iraqi forces suppress rebellions in the southern and northern parts of the country, creating a humanitarian disaster on the borders of Turkey
Turkey
and Iran.[citation needed][neutrality is disputed] March 1

The ballistic missile submarine USS Sam Houston is deactivated. Clayton Keith Yeutter
Clayton Keith Yeutter
ends his term as United States Secretary of Agriculture.

March 3

An amateur video captures the beating of motorist Rodney King
Rodney King
by Los Angeles police officers. Singing Revolution: In the Estonian restoration of independence referendum and the Latvian independence and democracy poll, voters vote more than 3-to-1 in favor of independence from the Soviet
Soviet
Union. United Airlines Flight 585
United Airlines Flight 585
crashes in Colorado Springs, Colorado, killing all 25 people on board. The São Tomé and Príncipe
São Tomé and Príncipe
presidential election, the first contested presidential election in the history of São Tomé and Príncipe, is won by Miguel Trovoada.

March 6 – Prime Minister of India
India
Chandra Shekhar
Chandra Shekhar
resigns because of a dispute with former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, whose support had kept him in power. March 9 – Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Milošević in Belgrade; two people are killed and tanks are in the streets. March 10

Gulf War
Gulf War
– Operation Phase Echo: 540,000 American troops begin to leave the Persian Gulf. In the Salvadoran legislative election, the Nationalist Republican Alliance wins 39 of 48 seats in the Legislative Assembly of El Salvador.

March 11 – A curfew is imposed on black townships in South Africa, after fighting between rival political gangs kills 49. March 13

The United States Department of Justice
United States Department of Justice
announces that Exxon
Exxon
has agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon
Exxon
Valdez oil spill in Alaska. The Acid Rain Treaty of 1991
1991
is signed between the American and Canadian governments.

March 14

The Emir of Kuwait, Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, returns to Kuwait
Kuwait
after seven months of exile in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
while his country was occupied by Iraq. After 16 years in prison for allegedly bombing a public house in a Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army
attack, the "Birmingham Six" are freed when a court determines that the police fabricated evidence.

March 15

Four Los Angeles, California, police officers are indicted for the videotaped March 3 beating of Rodney King
Rodney King
during an arrest. Germany formally regains complete independence after the four post- World War II
World War II
occupying powers (France, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet
Soviet
Union) relinquish all remaining rights. The United States and Albania
Albania
resume diplomatic relations for the first time since 1939.

March 17

In a national referendum, the people of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
vote in favor of keeping the 15 Soviet
Soviet
republics together, with the pro-unity position gaining 77% of the vote. Six Union Republics effectively boycott the referendum. In the Finnish parliamentary election, the Centre Party wins 55 of 200 seats in the Parliament of Finland, ending 25 years of dominance by the Social Democratic Party of Finland.

March 19–26 – President of Poland
President of Poland
Lech Wałęsa
Lech Wałęsa
becomes the first Polish president to ever visit the U.S. March 23 – The Sierra Leone Civil War
Sierra Leone Civil War
begins when the Revolutionary United Front attempts a coup against the Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
government. March 24 – The Beninese presidential election, Benin's first presidential election since 1970, is won by Nicéphore Soglo. March 26

In Mali, military officers led by Amadou Toumani Touré
Amadou Toumani Touré
arrest President Moussa Traoré and suspend the constitution. Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
Uruguay
and Paraguay
Paraguay
sign the Treaty of Asunción, establishing the South Common Market ( Mercosur
Mercosur
is its acronym in Spanish). In Daegu, South Korea, the remains of five boys are found eleven years after their disappearance (Frog Boys; Korean: 개구리소년 실종사건).

March 31

Albania
Albania
holds its first multi-party elections. Georgian independence referendum, 1991: Georgia votes for independence from the Soviet
Soviet
Union.

April[edit]

April 1 Comedy Central
Comedy Central
is launched on cable television in its current format. April 2 – Government-imposed price increases double or triple the prices of consumer goods in the Soviet
Soviet
Union. April 3 Iraq
Iraq
disarmament crisis: The U.N. Security Council passes the Cease Fire Agreement, Resolution 687. The Resolution calls for the destruction or removal of all of Iraq's chemical and biological weapons, all stocks of agents and components, and all research, development, support and manufacturing facilities for ballistic missiles with a range greater than 150 km and production facilities; and for an end to its support for international terrorism. Iraq
Iraq
accepts the terms of the resolution on April 6. April 4

Senator John Heinz
John Heinz
of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and six other people are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over Merion, Pennsylvania. William Kennedy Smith, a nephew of U.S. Senator Edward Kennedy, is identified as a suspect in an alleged Palm Beach, Florida, sexual assault. Forty people are taken hostage in the 1991
1991
Sacramento hostage crisis

April 5

Former Senator John Tower
John Tower
and 22 others are killed in an airplane crash in Brunswick, Georgia, United States. STS-37: Space Shuttle Atlantis
Space Shuttle Atlantis
is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida. The shuttle launches an observatory to study gamma rays before returning to Earth on April 11.

April 9

The Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia declares independence from the Soviet
Soviet
Union. The first Soviet
Soviet
troops leave Poland.[4]

April 10

A South Atlantic tropical cyclone
South Atlantic tropical cyclone
develops in the Southern Hemisphere off the coast of Angola
Angola
(the first of its kind to be documented by weather satellites). The Italian ferry Moby Prince collides with an oil tanker in dense fog off Livorno, Italy
Italy
killing 140.

April 12 Globalization
Globalization
– The Warsaw Stock Exchange
Warsaw Stock Exchange
opens in Poland. April 14 – In the Netherlands, thieves steal 20 paintings worth $500 million from the Van Gogh Museum
Van Gogh Museum
in Amsterdam. Less than an hour later they are found in an abandoned car near the museum. April 15

The EBRD is inaugurated. The European Economic Community
European Economic Community
lifts economic sanctions on South Africa in response to moves to end the apartheid system.

April 16–18 – Soviet
Soviet
President Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
begins the first ever visit of a Soviet
Soviet
leader to Japan, but fails to resolve the two countries' dispute over ownership of the Kuril Islands. April 17 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average
Dow Jones Industrial Average
closes above 3,000 for the first time ever, at 3,004.46. April 18 Iraq
Iraq
disarmament crisis: Iraq
Iraq
declares some of its chemical weapons and materials to the UN, as required by Resolution 687, and claims that it does not have a biological weapons program. April 19 George Carey
George Carey
is enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury, the spiritual leader of the worldwide Anglican Communion. April 21 – French underwater archaeologist Franck Goddio discovers the wreckage of the Spanish Galleon San Diego off the coast of Fortune Island (Philippines). April 22

The Social Democratic Party of Albania
Albania
is founded. The 7.7 Mw Limon earthquake affected Costa Rica
Costa Rica
and Panama
Panama
with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), causing 47–87 deaths and 109–759 injuries.

April 23 Prime Minister of Iceland
Prime Minister of Iceland
Steingrímur Hermannsson resigns following an inconclusive parliamentary election on April 20. On April 30, he is succeeded as prime minister by Davíð Oddsson. April 26

55 tornadoes break out in the central United States, killing 21. The most notable tornado of the day strikes Andover, Kansas. Esko Aho, age 36, becomes the youngest-ever Prime Minister of Finland.

April 29

A tropical cyclone hits Bangladesh, killing an estimated 138,000 people. STS-39: Space Shuttle Discovery
Space Shuttle Discovery
lifts off from Cape Canaveral to study instruments related to the Strategic Defense Initiative. The mission ends on May 6. The 7.0 Mw Racha earthquake affected Georgia with a maximum MSK intensity of IX (Destructive), killing 270 people.

April 29–30 – In Lesotho, a bloodless coup ousts military ruler Justin Lekhanya. On May 2, he is replaced as Chairman of the Military Council by Elias Phisoana Ramaema.

May[edit]

May – The first Starbucks Coffee
Starbucks Coffee
outlet is opened in California.[5][importance?] May 1

In Taiwan, the Temporary Provisions against the Communist Rebellion are abolished, having been in effect for 43 years. Angolan Civil War: The MPLA
MPLA
and UNITA
UNITA
agree to the Bicesse Accords, which are formally signed on May 31 in Lisbon.

May 4

Carola Søgaard's song Fångad av en stormvind
Fångad av en stormvind
wins the Eurovision Song Contest in Rome, Italy
Italy
for Sweden.[importance?] U.S. President Bush is hospitalized after experiencing irregular heartbeat. He is released from the hospital the next day.[citation needed][importance?]

May 12 Nepal
Nepal
holds its first multiparty legislative election since 1959. May 14

Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
arrives in Washington, D.C. for a 13-day royal visit to the U.S. Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, dubbed the "Mugger of the Nation", is found guilty and sentenced to 6 years imprisonment for her involvement in the death of 14-year-old Stompie Moeketsi. The sentence is never carried out.[citation needed]

May 15 Édith Cresson
Édith Cresson
becomes France's first female prime minister. May 18 Somaliland
Somaliland
withdraws from Somalia. May 19 – In the Croatian independence referendum, voters in the Socialist Republic of Croatia
Socialist Republic of Croatia
vote to secede from Yugoslavia. May 21

In Sriperumbudur, India, former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
is assassinated at a public meeting in Sriperumbudur, by suicide bomber Thenmozhi Rajaratnam; many others are killed in the explosion. Mengistu Haile Mariam, president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, flees Ethiopia
Ethiopia
to Zimbabwe, effectively bringing the Ethiopian Civil War
Ethiopian Civil War
to an end.

May 22 – Acting Prime Minister of South Korea
South Korea
Ro Jai-bong resigns in the wake of rioting following a beating death of a student by police on April 26. On May 24, he is succeeded by Chung Won-shik. May 24 – Authorised by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir, Operation Solomon
Operation Solomon
commences. May 25 – The Surinamese general election is won by the military-backed New Front for Democracy and Development. May 26 – In Thailand, a Lauda Air
Lauda Air
Boeing 767
Boeing 767
crashes near Bangkok, killing all 223 people on board. May 28 – In the Ethiopian Civil War, the forces of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front seize Addis Ababa. May 31 – The Dwyer decision in the Cascadian part of the United States about logging in old-growth forests with spotted owls protects large areas of forest and changes the economy of the region.[6]

June[edit]

Mount Pinatubo

June 3

Mount Unzen
Mount Unzen
erupts, killing 43 people as a result of pyroclastic flow. Ethiopian Civil War: Derg
Derg
insurgents explode an ammunition dump in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Ethiopia
held by the new pro-US anti-communist Ethiopian government.

June 4

Fatos Nano
Fatos Nano
resigns as Prime Minister of Albania
Prime Minister of Albania
following a nationwide strike. President of Albania
President of Albania
Ramiz Alia
Ramiz Alia
appoints Ylli Bufi as his successor. The largest solar flare ever recorded triggers an anomalously large aurora as far south as Pennsylvania.[7][8]

June 5

President of Algeria
President of Algeria
Chadli Bendjedid dismisses Prime Minister of Algeria Mouloud Hamrouche following 11 days of antigovernment demonstrations, replacing him with Sid Ahmed Ghozali. South Africa repeals the last legal foundations of apartheid, the laws that segregated places of residence and employment. STS-40: Space Shuttle Columbia
Space Shuttle Columbia
carries the Spacelab
Spacelab
into orbit.

June 7 – About 200,000 people attend a parade of 8,800 returning Persian Gulf War
Gulf War
troops in Washington, D.C. June 9 – A major collapse of ground at the Emaswati Colliery in Swaziland
Swaziland
traps 26 miners 65 m below the surface. The men have access to a safe refuge chamber and are all rescued by a drill hole 30 hours after the rescue unit is first alerted. June 10 – 11-year-old Jaycee Dugard
Jaycee Dugard
of California, is kidnapped and held captive. June 12

Boris Yeltsin
Boris Yeltsin
is elected President of Russia, the largest and most populous of the 15 Soviet
Soviet
republics. Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Army
Sri Lankan Army
soldiers kill 152 civilians in Kokkadichcholai. Party of Labour of Albania
Albania
is dissolved and succeeded by the Socialist Party of Albania
Albania
which signals the end of communist rule in Albania.

June 13 – A spectator is killed by lightning at the U.S. Open. June 15

In the Philippines, Mount Pinatubo
Mount Pinatubo
erupts in the second largest terrestrial eruption of the 20th century; the final death toll tops 800. End of voting in the Indian general election. The Indian National Congress wins the most seats but fails to secure a majority. On June 21, Congress leader P. V. Narasimha Rao
P. V. Narasimha Rao
becomes Prime Minister of India

June 17

Apartheid: The South African Parliament repeals the Population Registration Act, which had required racial classification of all South Africans at birth. U.S. President Zachary Taylor
Zachary Taylor
is exhumed to discover whether or not his death was caused by arsenic poisoning, instead of acute gastrointestinal illness; no trace of arsenic is found. In Northern Ireland, the four main political parties begins talks on restoring self-government. President of Turkey
Turkey
Turgut Özal
Turgut Özal
appoints Mesut Yılmaz as Prime Minister of Turkey, replacing Yıldırım Akbulut, who had resigned. Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
Thurgood Marshall
announced plans to retire.

June 20 – In Germany, the Bundestag
Bundestag
votes to move the capital from Bonn
Bonn
to Berlin. June 21 P. V. Narasimha Rao
P. V. Narasimha Rao
sworn in as the Prime Minister of India
India
in a Congress party-led coalition government. June 23

Mesut Yılmaz, of ANAP forms the new government of Turkey
Turkey
(48th government). The first Sonic the Hedgehog game is published by Sega. The series will soon become extremely popular, and (as of 2016[update]) is still being produced.

June 23–28 – Iraq
Iraq
disarmament crisis: U.N. inspection teams attempt to intercept Iraqi vehicles carrying nuclear related equipment. Iraqi soldiers fire warning shots in the air to prevent inspectors from approaching the vehicles. June 25 – Collapse of Yugoslavia: Croatia
Croatia
and Slovenia
Slovenia
declare their independence from Yugoslavia. June 28 Comecon
Comecon
is dissolved in Moscow.

July[edit]

July 1

The Warsaw Pact
Warsaw Pact
is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague. Telephone service goes down in the cities of Washington DC, Pittsburgh, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and San Francisco due to a software bug. About twelve million customers are affected. Clarence Thomas
Clarence Thomas
is nominated to replace Thurgood Marshall
Thurgood Marshall
as the Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court.

July 2 – Ten-Day War: Fighting breaks out when the Yugoslav People's Army attacks secessionists in Slovenia. July 4 President of Colombia
President of Colombia
César Gaviria
César Gaviria
lifts a 7-year-long state of siege. July 6–7 – Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
and Michael Stich
Michael Stich
win the 1991
1991
Wimbledon Championships. July 7 – The Brioni Agreement
Brioni Agreement
ends the Ten-Day War
Ten-Day War
in Slovenia. July 9

In response to the end of apartheid, the International Olympic Committee readmits South Africa to the Olympics. Iran–Contra affair: Alan Fiers agrees to plead guilty to two charges of having lied to the U.S. Congress.

July 10

Boris Yeltsin
Boris Yeltsin
begins his 5-year term as the first elected president of Russia. President Bush announces the U.S. is ending its 1986-enacted sanctions on South Africa.

July 11

A solar eclipse of record totality occurs, seen first in Hawaii, then enters Mexico where the path directly crosses Cabo San Lucas
Cabo San Lucas
and Mexico City, seen by 20 million inhabitants, and finally ends in Colombia
Colombia
in South America. Nigeria
Nigeria
Airways Flight 2120, a Douglas DC-8
Douglas DC-8
operated by Canadian airline Nolisair, catches fire and crashes soon after takeoff from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 261 people on board.

July 15 Chemical Bank
Chemical Bank
and Manufacturers Hanover Corporation announce that they are merging, the largest bank merger in history. July 16

President Gorbachev arrives in London to ask for western aid from the leaders of the G7. Ukraine
Ukraine
celebrates its first Independence Day.

July 17 – President Bush and President Gorbachev reach an agreement on START II, which is formally signed on July 31. July 18

In Israel, a judge investigating a 1990
1990
incident outside a mosque in Jerusalem in which at least 17 Palestinians were killed rules that Israeli police provoked the incident. The governments of Mauritania
Mauritania
and Senegal
Senegal
sign a treaty to stop the Mauritania– Senegal
Senegal
Border War which had been going on since 1989.

July 22

Boxer Mike Tyson
Mike Tyson
is arrested and charged with the rape of Miss Black America contestant Desiree Washington
Desiree Washington
three days earlier, in Indianapolis, Indiana. Serial killer
Serial killer
Jeffrey Dahmer
Jeffrey Dahmer
is arrested after the remains of 11 men and boys are found in his Milwaukee, Wisconsin, apartment. Police soon find out that he is involved in six more murders.

July 24 – Finance Minister of India
India
Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
announces a New Industrial Policy, marking the start of economic liberalisation in India. July 25 – British astronomers announce they have found what appears to be an extrasolar planet. July 27 – An oil spill begins fouling beaches in Olympic National Park. July 29 – In New York City, a grand jury indicts Bank of Credit and Commerce International of the largest bank fraud in history, accusing the bank of defrauding depositors of $5 billion. July 30 – In Haiti, a jury convicts the Tonton Macoute
Tonton Macoute
of attempting to overthrow Haiti's first democratically-elected government. July 31

The Warsaw Treaty Organization
Warsaw Treaty Organization
is officially dissolved in accordance with a protocol calling for a "transition to all-European structures." The United States and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
sign the START I
START I
treaty limiting strategic nuclear weapons. Singing Revolution: Soviet
Soviet
Special
Special
Purpose Police Unit (OMON) forces kill seven Lithuanian customs officials in Medininkai
Medininkai
in the most serious of the Soviet
Soviet
OMON
OMON
assaults on Lithuanian border posts.

August[edit] "August 1991" redirects here. For the film, see August 1991
1991
(film).

The Warsaw radio mast
Warsaw radio mast
after its collapse on August 8.

August 19: The coup attempt in Moscow.

August 1 Israel
Israel
agrees to participate in the Madrid
Madrid
Conference of 1991, which is held in October. August 4 – The cruise liner MTS Oceanos sinks off the coast of South Africa and all 571 passengers on board are safely evacuated by SAAF helicopters. August 5 Sergey Bubka
Sergey Bubka
breaks the world record for men's pole vault. August 6 Tim Berners-Lee
Tim Berners-Lee
announces the World Wide Web
World Wide Web
project and software on the alt.hypertext newsgroup. The first website, "info.cern.ch" is created. August 7 – Shapour Bakhtiar, former prime minister of Iran, is assassinated. August 8
August 8
– The Warsaw radio mast, the tallest construction ever built at the time, collapses. August 13 – The Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Super Nintendo Entertainment System
(or "Super Nintendo") is released in the United States.[importance?] August 17

Strathfield massacre: In Sydney, Australia, taxi driver Wade Frankum shoots seven people and injures six others before turning the gun on himself. The remains of the Prussian King Frederick (II) the Great is re-interred in Potsdam.

August 17–20: Hurricane Bob
Hurricane Bob
hits North Carolina
North Carolina
and New England. The storm kills 17 people and causes $1½ billion in damage. August 19 – Dissolution of the Soviet
Soviet
Union: Soviet
Soviet
President Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
is put under house arrest while vacationing in the Crimea
Crimea
during a coup. The attempted coup, led by Vice President Gennady Yanayev
Gennady Yanayev
and seven hard-liners attempting to usurp control, collapses in less than 72 hours. August 20

Dissolution of the Soviet
Soviet
Union: Estonia
Estonia
restores its independence from the Soviet
Soviet
Union. Dissolution of the Soviet
Soviet
Union: More than 100,000 people rally outside the Soviet
Soviet
Union's parliament building protesting the coup that deposed President Mikhail Gorbachev.

August 21 – Dissolution of the Soviet
Soviet
Union: Latvia
Latvia
restores its independence from the Soviet
Soviet
Union. August 22 Iceland
Iceland
is the first nation in the world to recognize the independence of the Baltic states. August 24 – Dissolution of the Soviet
Soviet
Union: Ukraine
Ukraine
declares independence from Soviet
Soviet
Union. August 25

Serbian aggression ( Yugoslav People's Army
Yugoslav People's Army
and Chetniks) starts on Croatian town Vukovar. Student Linus Torvalds
Linus Torvalds
posts messages to Usenet
Usenet
newsgroup comp.os.minix about the new operating system kernel he has been developing. Dissolution of the Soviet
Soviet
Union: Belarus
Belarus
declares independence from Soviet
Soviet
Union.

August 27 – Dissolution of the Soviet
Soviet
Union: Moldova
Moldova
declares independence from the Soviet
Soviet
Union. August 29

Maronite general Michel Aoun
Michel Aoun
leaves Lebanon
Lebanon
via a French ship into exile. Boris Yeltsin
Boris Yeltsin
bans and dissolves the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

August 30 – Dissolution of the Soviet
Soviet
Union: Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
declares independence from Soviet
Soviet
Union. August 31 – Dissolution of the Soviet
Soviet
Union: Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
and Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
declare independence from the Soviet
Soviet
Union.

September[edit]

Map of the three Baltic states, in their flag colours.

September 2 – The United States re-recognizes the independence of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania
Lithuania
and the US government reopens the embassies there. September 3 – In Hamlet, North Carolina, a grease fire breaks out at the Imperial Foods chicken processing plant, killing 25 people. September 4 – The Russian city Yekaterinburg
Yekaterinburg
regains its name from the communist–era name of Sverdlovsk, Russia
Russia
(former Soviet
Soviet
Union). September 5–7 – At the 35th Annual Tailhook Symposium in Las Vegas, 83 women and 7 men are assaulted. September 5 – The Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet
Soviet
Union self-dissolves, replaced by Supreme Soviet
Soviet
of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and State Council of the Soviet
Soviet
Union September 6

Singing Revolution: The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
recognizes the independence of the Baltic states. The name Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
is restored to Russia's second-largest city, which had been renamed Leningrad
Leningrad
in 1924.

September 8 – The Republic of Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia
becomes independent. A naming dispute with Greece immediately erupts. September 9 Tajikistan
Tajikistan
declares its independence from the Soviet Union. September 11

Israel
Israel
releases 51 Arab prisoners and the bodies of nine guerillas, raising hopes that the last Western hostages in Lebanon
Lebanon
will soon be released. The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
announces plans to withdraw Soviet
Soviet
military and economic aid to Cuba.

September 15 – In the Swedish general election, the Social Democrats suffer their worst election results in 60 years, leading to the resignation of Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson. September 16 – Judge Gerhard Gesell of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia issues a ruling clearing Col. Oliver North
Oliver North
of all charges brought against him in the Iran–Contra affair. September 17 – North Korea, South Korea, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
and Micronesia join the United Nations. September 19 Ötzi the Iceman
Ötzi the Iceman
is found in the Alps. September 20–21 – In Sandy, Utah, several patients are held hostage and a nurse is killed in the Alta View Hospital hostage incident. September 21

Armenia
Armenia
declares independence from the Soviet
Soviet
Union. The Order of the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence
Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence
of German tongue (Orden der Schwestern der Perpetuellen Indulgenz deutscher Zunge, "O.S.P.I.") is founded in Heidelberg
Heidelberg
by Erzmutter (Archmother) Johanna Indulgentia Tara Maria Benedicta O.S.P.I.

September 21–30 – Iraq
Iraq
disarmament crisis: IAEA inspectors discover files on Iraq's hidden nuclear weapons program. Iraqi officials confiscate documents from U.N. weapons inspectors, refusing to allow them to leave the site without turning over other documents. A 4-day standoff ensues. Iraq
Iraq
permits the team to leave with the documents after the U.N. Security Council threatens enforcement actions. September 22 – The Huntington Library
Huntington Library
makes the Dead Sea Scrolls available to the public for the first time. September 23 United Nations
United Nations
Special
Special
Commission inspectors discover secret Iraqi documents in Baghdad
Baghdad
detailing plans to make nuclear weapons, but the Iraqi Army
Iraqi Army
forcibly remove the documents from the inspectors. September 24 – Lebanese kidnappers release Jackie Mann, 77, after more than two years of captivity. September 25 – In the Salvadoran Civil War, representatives of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front
Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front
reach an agreement with President of El Salvador
El Salvador
Alfredo Cristiani, setting the stage for ending over 11 years of civil war. September 27 – President Bush announces unilateral reductions in short-range nuclear weapons and calls off 24-hour alerts for long-range bombers. The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
responds with similar unilateral reductions on October 5. September 29 – In El Salvador, an army colonel of the Atlacatl Battalion is found guilty of the 1989
1989
murders of six Jesuits. September 30

Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide
Jean-Bertrand Aristide
is removed from power. He is reinstated in 1994. A tornado destroys parts of Itu, a city in southeastern Brazil, killing 16 and leaving 176 injured.

October[edit]

October 1 – Croatian War of Independence: Forces of the Yugoslav People's Army invade the area surrounding Dubrovnik
Dubrovnik
in Croatia, beginning the Siege of Dubrovnik, which lasts until May 31, 1992. October 3

Arkansas
Arkansas
Governor Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
announces he will seek the 1992 Democratic nomination for President of the United States. Nadine Gordimer, whose work was once suppressed because of its scathing criticism of Apartheid
Apartheid
in South Africa, is awarded the 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature. House banking scandal: Tom Foley, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, announces closure of the House Bank by the end of the year after revelations that House members have written numerous bad checks.

October 4 Carl Bildt
Carl Bildt
becomes the new Prime Minister of Sweden, replacing Ingvar Carlsson
Ingvar Carlsson
. October 6 – President Gorbachev condemns Antisemitism in the Soviet Union in a statement read on the 50th anniversary of the Babi Yar massacres, which saw the death of 35,000 Jews
Jews
in Ukraine. October 7 – The Yugoslav Air Force
Yugoslav Air Force
bombs the office of President of Croatia
Croatia
Franjo Tuđman, who narrowly escapes with his life. October 8 – The Croatian Parliament
Croatian Parliament
cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia. October 11

In Russia, the KGB
KGB
is replaced by the SVR.[9][10] Iraq
Iraq
disarmament crisis: The U.N. Security Council passes Resolution 715, which demands that Iraq
Iraq
"accept unconditionally the inspectors and all other personnel designated by the Special
Special
Commission". Iraq rejects the resolution, calling it "unlawful."

October 11–13 – The U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee interviews both Supreme Court candidate Clarence Thomas
Clarence Thomas
and former aide Anita Hill, who alleges that Thomas sexually harassed her while she worked for him. October 12
October 12
– Askar Akayev, previously chosen President of Kyrgyzstan by its Supreme Soviet, is confirmed president in an uncontested poll. October 13 – In the Bulgarian parliamentary election, the Union of Democratic Forces defeats the Bulgarian Socialist Party, leaving no remaining Communist governments in Eastern Europe. October 14 – Aung San Suu Kyi, a Burmese opposition politician, won the Nobel Peace prize. October 15 – The United States Senate
United States Senate
votes 52–48 to confirm Judge Clarence Thomas
Clarence Thomas
to the Supreme Court of the United States. October 16 – George Hennard murders 23 people in Killeen, Texas, before killing himself. October 18 – The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
restores diplomatic relations with Israel, which had been suspended since the 1967
1967
Six-Day War. October 20

The Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and destroys 3,469 homes and apartments. The Harare Declaration lays down the membership criteria for the Commonwealth of Nations. Former Ku Klux Klan
Ku Klux Klan
Grand Wizard David Duke
David Duke
wins a spot in the runoff election for governor of Louisiana, ultimately losing to Edwin Edwards.

October 21 – Lebanese kidnappers release Jesse Turner, a mathematics professor who had been held hostage for more than four years. October 23 – In Paris, the Vietnam-backed government of the state of Cambodia
Cambodia
signs an agreement with the Khmer Rouge
Khmer Rouge
to end the civil war and bring the Khmer Rouge
Khmer Rouge
into government in spite of its role in the Cambodian genocide which ends the Cambodian–Vietnamese War. The deal results in the creation of the United Nations
United Nations
Transitional Authority in Cambodia. October 27

The first free parliamentary elections are held in Poland. Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
declares its independence from the Soviet
Soviet
Union.

October 28 November 4 – The 1991 Perfect Storm
1991 Perfect Storm
strikes the northeastern United States and Atlantic Canada, causing over $200 million of damage and resulting in 12 direct fatalities. October 29

The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid. The U.S. expands trade sanctions on Haiti
Haiti
to include all goods except food and medicine, in an effort to encourage the leaders of the 1991 Haitian coup d'état to restore democracy.

October 30 – In Madrid, the Middle East Peace Conference opens, the first direct negotiations between Israel
Israel
and nearly all its Arab adversaries. October 31
October 31
November 3 – The Halloween Blizzard hits the Upper Midwest of the United States, causing around $100 million of damage and killing 22.

November[edit]

Symbol of Vukovar; Croatian War of Independence

November 4–5 – In South Africa, the African National Congress leads a general strike, demanding a role in governing and an end to a value-added tax. November 5

The body of publishing tycoon Robert Maxwell
Robert Maxwell
is found floating in the Atlantic Ocean near the Canary Islands. In a special election for the U.S. Senate, Harris Wofford scores an electoral upset against Dick Thornburgh, who had led him by 44 points in an August opinion poll. The United States Senate
United States Senate
confirms Robert Gates
Robert Gates
as Director of Central Intelligence. China– Vietnam
Vietnam
relations: China and Vietnam
Vietnam
restore diplomatic relations after a 13-year rift which followed the 1979
1979
Sino-Vietnamese War.

November 6

The KGB
KGB
officially stops operations. The CPSU and its republic-level division, the Communist Party of the Russian SFSR, are banned in the Russian SFSR
Russian SFSR
by Presidential decree N 169.

November 7

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Lakers point guard Magic Johnson
Magic Johnson
announces he has HIV, effectively ending his NBA career. The last oil well fire in Kuwait
Kuwait
is extinguished. The first report on carbon nanotubes is published by Sumio Iijima
Sumio Iijima
in the journal Nature.

November 8 – Hong Kong begins the forcible repatriation of Vietnamese boat people, starting with a group of 59 who were flown to Hanoi. November 9

The British JET fusion reactor generates 1.5 MW output power. On the anniversary of Kristallnacht, tens of thousands of protestors demonstrate against attacks on immigrant workers.[importance?]

November 12 June Rowlands
June Rowlands
is elected the first female Mayor of Toronto. November 14

American and British authorities announce indictments against two Libyan intelligence officials, in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103. Cambodian Prince Norodom Sihanouk
Norodom Sihanouk
returns to Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
after 13 years of exile. Kidnappers in Lebanon
Lebanon
set Anglican Church envoys Terry Waite
Terry Waite
and Thomas Sutherland free.

November 18

The forces of the Yugoslav People's Army
Yugoslav People's Army
(JNA) and Serb paramilitaries take the Croatian town of Vukovar
Vukovar
after an 87-day siege, and kill more than 260 Croatian prisoners of war.[11] An Azerbaijani MI-8 helicopter carrying a 19-member peacekeeping mission team with officials and journalists from Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
is shot down by Armenian military forces in Khojavend district of Azerbaijan. Süleyman Demirel
Süleyman Demirel
of DYP forms the new government of Turkey
Turkey
(49th government, coalition partner CHP).

November 21 – The United Nations
United Nations
Security Council recommends Egypt's deputy prime minister Boutros Boutros-Ghali
Boutros Boutros-Ghali
to be the next Secretary-General of the United Nations. November 23 – Members of the Communist Party of Great Britain
Communist Party of Great Britain
vote to dissolve the party and found the think-tank Democratic Left in its place. November 24 – Queen lead singer Freddie Mercury
Freddie Mercury
dies from pneumonia induced by AIDS. November 26 – The National Assembly of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
abolishes the autonomous status of Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast of Azerbaijan and renames several cities according to their Azeri names. November 27 – The United Nations
United Nations
Security Council unanimously adopts a resolution opening the way to the establishment of peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia.

December[edit]

December 8: The signing of the agreement ending the USSR's existence and the founding of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

December 1 – Dissolution of the Soviet
Soviet
Union: Ukrainians vote overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
in a referendum. December 4

Journalist Terry A. Anderson is released after seven years' captivity as a hostage in Beirut
Beirut
(the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon). Pan American World Airways
Pan American World Airways
ends operations. John Leonard Orr, one of the most prolific serial arsonists of the 20th century, is arrested in California. In the ensuing years, Orr is convicted in both Federal and state court.

December 8

Leaders of Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine
Ukraine
meet and sign an agreement ending the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), in the Białowieża Forest
Białowieża Forest
Nature Reserve in Belarus. A referendum on the constitution of Romania
Romania
is accepted as valid.

December 11 – Croatian forces kill 18 Serbs
Serbs
and one Hungarian in the village of Paulin Dvor, Croatia. December 12

The Supreme Soviet
Soviet
of the Russian SFSR
Russian SFSR
denounces the Union Treaty of 1922
1922
and ratifies the Belavezha Accords
Belavezha Accords
instead. The government of Nigeria
Nigeria
changes the capital of the nation from Lagos to Abuja. Ukraine
Ukraine
becomes the first post- Soviet
Soviet
republic to decriminalize homosexuality.

December 15 – The Egyptian ferry Salem Express sinks in the Red Sea, killing more than 450. December 16

Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
declares its independence from the Soviet
Soviet
Union. United Nations
United Nations
General Assembly Resolution 3379: The United Nations General Assembly adopts United Nations
United Nations
General Assembly Resolution 46/86 which states that Zionism
Zionism
is not racism, repealing United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379 (adopted 1975). The resolution is favoured by 111 nations and opposed by 25.

December 19

Paul Keating
Paul Keating
defeats Bob Hawke
Bob Hawke
in a Labor Party leadership ballot. Consequently, Keating becomes Prime Minister of Australia, being sworn in the following day.[12] Skarnsund Bridge
Skarnsund Bridge
opens in Norway. With a span of 530 metres (1,739 ft), it will be the world's longest cable-stayed bridge for two years.

December 20 – A Missouri court passes the death sentence on Palestinian militant Zein Isa and his wife Maria, for the honor killing of their daughter Palestina. December 21

The North Atlantic Cooperation Council
North Atlantic Cooperation Council
(NAC-C) meets for the first time, the day on which the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
ceases to exist. source Charilaos Florakis is elected honorary president of the Communist Party of Greece. source

December 22 – Armed opposition groups launch a military coup against President of Georgia
President of Georgia
Zviad Gamsakhurdia. December 24 Russian SFSR
Russian SFSR
President Boris Yeltsin
Boris Yeltsin
sends a letter to UN Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, stating that Russia should be a successor to the collapsing Soviet Union
Soviet Union
within the United Nations Organization.

December 25: The original flag of Russia
Russia
is readopted as the flag of the Russian Federation.

December 25

Dissolution of the Soviet
Soviet
Union: Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
resigns as president of the Soviet
Soviet
Union, from which most republics have already seceded, anticipating the dissolution of the 74-year-old state. The Russian SFSR
Russian SFSR
officially renames itself the Russian Federation.

December 26
December 26
– The Supreme Soviet
Soviet
meets for a final time, formally dissolves the Soviet
Soviet
Union, and adjourns sine die. All remaining Soviet
Soviet
institutions eventually cease operation on December 31.

Date unknown[edit]

The University of South Australia
University of South Australia
is founded.[importance?] Impostor James Hogue is exposed at Princeton University. Ames crater
Ames crater
astrobleme discovered in Major County, Oklahoma.

Births[edit] January[edit]

Ben Hardy

Eden Hazard

Pixie Lott

Britt McKillip

Erin Sanders

Ciara Hanna

Calum Worthy

Amy Jackson

January 1 – Hamse Abdouh, Palestinian swimmer January 2

Ben Hardy, English actor Danny Miller, English actor Davide Santon, Italian footballer Steele Sidebottom, Australian Rules footballer

January 3 – Sébastien Faure, French footballer January 4

Pascal Bodmer, German ski jumper Olivia Tennet, New Zealand actress and dancer

January 5 – Rahel Kiwic, Swiss footballer January 6 – Anabel Barnston, English actress January 7 – Eden Hazard, Belgian football player January 8 – Asuka Hinoi, Japanese singer January 9 – 3LAU, American DJ and musician January 11 – Hyolyn, South Korean singer and actress January 12 – Pixie Lott, British singer January 13

Kyle Clifford, Canadian hockey player Goo Ha-ra, South Korean singer and actress

January 14

Ryan Coleman, American actor Jeanine Mason, American actress and dancer

January 15

Darya Klishina, Russian athlete and model Rubab Raza, Pakistani swimmer

January 16 – Julie Dubela, American singer January 18

Britt McKillip, Canadian actress and musician Matthew Kane, British actor

January 19

Erin Sanders, American actress Yu Takahashi, Japanese actress and model

January 20 – Ciara Hanna, American actress and model January 21

Craig Roberts, Welsh actor Brittany Tiplady, Canadian actress

January 22

Marcus Canty, American singer and dancer Anais Mali, French model

January 24 – Ali Kireş, Turkish footballer January 28 – Calum Worthy, Canadian actor and musician January 31 – Amy Jackson, English actress and model

February[edit]

Emma Roberts

Ed Sheeran

Bonnie Wright

Malese Jow

February 1 – Jasmine Tookes, American model February 3 – Glenn McCuen, American actor, model and gymnast February 5 – Alba Riquelme, Paraguayan model February 8 – Nam Woo-hyun, South Korean singer, dancer, and actor February 10

Emma Roberts, American actress C.J. Anderson, American football player

February 11

Christofer Drew, American singer Georgia May Foote, British actress Shanina Shaik, Australian model

February 12 – Casey Abrams, American singer February 14 – Charlie G. Hawkins, English actor February 16

Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg Micah Stephen Williams, American actor Sergio Canales, Spanish football player

February 17

Ed Sheeran, English singer Bonnie Wright, British actress

February 18

Vadhir Derbez, Mexican actor Jeremy Allen White, American actor Malese Jow, American actress, singer and songwriter Henry Surtees, British racing driver (d. 2009)

February 19

Trevor Bayne, American race car driver Ariel Alexandria Davis, American actress

February 21 – Joe Alwyn, British actor and model February 22

Robin Stjernberg, Swedish pop singer Khalil Mack, American football player

February 24

Emily DiDonato, American model O'Shea Jackson Jr., American rapper and actor

February 25

Kristie Mewis, American soccer player Tony Oller, American actor and singer

February 26 – CL, South Korean singer and dancer February 28 – Sarah Bolger, Irish actress

March[edit]

Devon Werkheiser

Tristan Thompson

Wolfgang Van Halen

Seychelle Gabriel

Hayley McFarland

March 3 – Park Cho-rong, South Korean singer March 4

Aoi Nakamura, Japanese actor Diandra Newlin, American actress, singer, and fashion model

March 5 – Hanna Mangan-Lawrence, Australian actress March 6

Nicole Fox, American fashion model and actress Tyler, the Creator, American rapper and graphic artist Lex Luger, American record producer

March 8 – Devon Werkheiser, American actor and musician March 9

Domo Genesis, American rapper Brenna O'Brien, Canadian actress and artist

March 10

Bang Mir, Korean pop rapper Jung So-ra, Korean beauty pageant titleholder

March 11

Qian Lin, Chinese singer Drew Osborne, American actor Jack Rodwell, English footballer

March 13 – Tristan Thompson, Canadian basketball player March 14

Jake Ball, English cricketer Rhiannon Fish, Australian actress

March 15 – Kie Kitano, Japanese actress March 16 – Wolfgang Van Halen, American musician March 17 – Daisy Head, English actress March 18 – Travis Frederick, American football player March 19 – Garrett Clayton, American actor and singer March 21 – Antoine Griezmann, French footballer March 22

Colton Harris-Moore, American criminal, known as the "Barefoot Bandit" Ashley Eastham, English footballer

March 25

Seychelle Gabriel, American actress Dina Garipova, Russian singer of Tatar origin

March 26 – Jack Watts, Australian rules footballer March 27 – Chloe Marshall, English model March 28

Rin Asuka, Japanese actress Amy Bruckner, American actress and singer Derek Carr, American quarterback Hoya, South Korean singer and actor

March 29

Hayley McFarland, American actress Irene, South Korean singer

March 30 – Mia Carruthers, American singer and songwriter

April[edit]

Hayley Kiyoko

Jamie Lynn Spears

AJ Michalka

Thiago Alcântara

Dylan Penn

Frank Dillane

April 1

Anna Gurji, Georgian actress SpaceGhostPurrp, American rapper and producer

April 2 – Quavo, American rapper April 3 – Hayley Kiyoko, American singer and actress April 4 – Jamie Lynn Spears, American singer and actress April 7 – Michelle Monkhouse, Canadian fashion model (d. 2011) April 8 – Minami Takahashi, Japanese singer April 9 – Sancler Frantz, Brazilian model and journalist April 10

AJ Michalka, American singer and actress Conor Leslie, American actress and model

April 11

Thiago Alcântara, Spanish footballer Niall Canavan, English-born Irish footballer James Magnussen, Australian swimmer Telvin Smith, American football player

April 13 – Dylan Penn, American model and actress April 14 – James Frecheville, Australian actor April 15

Daiki Arioka, Japanese idol Anastasia Vinnikova, Belarusian singer

April 17 – Tessa James, Australian actress April 19 – Kelly Olynyk, Canadian basketball player April 20

Ondřej Kraják, Czech footballer Luke Kuechly, American football player Yuko Shintake, Japanese artistic gymnast Ann Ward, American model

April 21

Frank Dillane, English actor Kenza Zouiten, Swedish fashion model

April 23 – Caleb Johnson, American singer April 24

Sigrid Agren, French model Carter Cruise, American pornographic actress

April 25 – Alex Shibutani, American ice dancer April 27 – Rebecca Ryan, English actress April 28

Aleisha Allen, American actress Patricia Ashley, American actress

May[edit]

Daniel Curtis Lee

Suho

Lena Meyer-Landrut

May 1 – Creagen Dow, American actor May 3 – Samuel Seo, South Korean musician May 7 – Rueben Randle, American football player May 9 – Christy Mack, American pornographic actress and model May 10

Ray Dalton, American singer-songwriter Jordan Francis, Canadian actor

May 12 – Jennifer Damiano, American actress and singer May 15 – Jennifer Hof, German fashion model May 16 – Grigor Dimitrov, Bulgarian tennis player May 17

Johanna Konta, Australian-born tennis player Daniel Curtis Lee, American actor and rapper Moran Mazor, Israeli singer

May 19

Brittani Kline, American model Jordan Pruitt, American recording artist

May 21 – Sarah Ramos, American actress May 22

Sophia Abrahão, Brazilian actress Bárbara Evans, Brazilian model and television personality Olivia Paige, American playboy model Suho, South Korean singer

May 23

Nadine Ames, Indonesian beauty pageant titleholder Lena Meyer-Landrut, German singer Aaron Donald, American football player Sam Masters, Australian Speedway Rider

May 24 – Erika Umeda, Japanese singer May 25

Claire Sinclair, American playboy model Derrick Williams, American basketball player

May 26

Takumi Abe, Japanese football player Amber Bondin, Maltese singer Marie-Sophie Hindermann, German artistic gymnast

May 27

Zeke Upshaw, American basketball player (d. 2018) Beauden Barrett, New Zealand rugby union player

May 29

Kristen Alderson, American actress and singer Saori Hayami, Japanese voice actress and singer Tom Ljungman, Swedish television and film actor

June[edit]

Natasha Dupeyrón

Lorenzo Insigne

Emily Ratajkowski

Willa Holland

Christa Theret

June 3 – Natasha Dupeyrón, Mexican actress and singer June 4

Jordan Hinson, American actress Lorenzo Insigne, Italian footballer

June 6 – Son Dong-woon, Korean pop singer June 7

Emily Ratajkowski, American model and actress Fetty Wap, American rapper

June 10 – Pol Espargaró, Spanish motorcycle racer June 11 – Kärt Tammjärv, Estonian actress June 12 – Louisa Gummer, American model June 15 – Rina Takeda, Japanese actress and black belt June 16 – Joe McElderry, British singer and model June 18 – Willa Holland, American model and actress June 19 – Pontus Ekhem, Swedish hockey player June 20 – Alexis Neiers, American television personality and model June 21

Gaël Kakuta, Congolese professional footballer César Taján, Colombian footballer Bruno Aquino, Brazilian footballer JC Greyling, Namibian rugby union player Sachin Mylavarapu, Singaporean cricketer Georgina Hagen, English actress and singer Min, South Korean singer, actress and model

June 22 – Katie Jarvis, English actress June 23 – Katie Armiger, American singer June 24

Max Ehrich, American actor, singer and dancer Yasmin Paige, English actress

June 25

Christa Theret, French actress Victor Wanyama, Kenyan footballer

June 27

Madylin Sweeten, American actress Oliver Stark, British actor

June 28

Kang Min-hyuk, South Korean drummer, actor and singer Seohyun, South Korean singer

June 29

Tajja Isen, Canadian actress Addison Timlin, American actress Kawhi Leonard, American basketball player

June 30

Kaho, Japanese actress David Witts, British actor

July[edit]

Jason Dolley

Mitchel Musso

James Rodríguez

Seppe Smits

Alexandra Shipp

Sara Sampaio

Emily Bett Rickards

Filipa Azevedo

July 1

Michael Wacha, American baseball player Sanah Moidutty, Indian singer songwriter Kev Adams, French humorist

July 2 – Kim Go-eun, South Korean actress July 3

Tomomi Itano, Japanese singer and actress Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova, Russian tennis player Grant Rosenmeyer, American film and television actor

July 5 – Jason Dolley, American actor July 6 – Victoire Thivisol, French actress July 7

Alesso, Swedish DJ and music producer Eve Hewson, Irish actress Choi Tae-joon, South Korean actor

July 8 – Jamie Blackley, Manx-born British actor July 9

Gioia Barbieri, Italian tennis player Clara Hagman, Swedish singer Mitchel Musso, American actor, singer Riley Reid, American pornographic actress

July 10

María Chacón, Mexican actress and singer Atsuko Maeda, Japanese singer and actress

July 11

Natalie Evans, American actress Kentaro Sakaguchi, Japanese model and actor

July 12

Dexter Roberts, American Idol
American Idol
contestant James Rodríguez, Colombian football player Erik Per Sullivan, American actor Daniel Zovatto, American actor

July 13 – Seppe Smits, Belgian snowboarder July 15

Emily Roeske, American actress Erik J. Berg, Canadian actor Derrick Favors, American basketball player Yuki Kashiwagi, Japanese singer and actress

July 16

Alexandra Shipp, American actress Andros Townsend, English footballer

July 18 – Karina Pasian, American singer and pianist July 20

Merxat, Chinese actor Alec Burks, American basketball player

July 21

Sara Sampaio, Portuguese model Tuan Muhamad Faim, Malaysian footballer

July 23

Bibi Jones, American pornographic actress Terron Armstead, American football player Lauren Mitchell, Australian artistic gymnast

July 24 – Emily Bett Rickards, Canadian actress July 27 – Rena Matsui, Japanese singer and idol July 28 – Rina Aizawa, Japanese actress and gravure idol July 29

Maestro Harrell, American actor Miki Ishikawa, American actress and singer

July 30

David Carreira, Portuguese singer, model and actor Diana Vickers, English singer-songwriter, stage actress and fashion designer

July 31

Filipa Azevedo, Portuguese singer Abhay Jodhpurkar, Indian singer

August[edit]

Lakeith Stanfield

Austin Butler

Richard Harmon

Dylan O'Brien

Kyle Massey

Farid Mammadov

August 2

Skyler Day, American actress and singer Zuleyka Silver, American fashion model and actress

August 3 – Ismail Juma, Tanzanian long-distance runner (d. 2017) August 4 – Lucinda Dryzek, English actress August 5 – Brooke Marie Bridges, American actress August 6

Kacey Rohl, Canadian actress Irina Kulikova, Russian fashion model Jiao Liuyang, Chinese swimmer

August 7 – Mike Trout, American baseball player August 9

Alice Barlow, English actress and singer Alexa Bliss, American professional wrestler Hansika Motwani, Indian actress Candela Vetrano, Argentine actress, singer and model

August 12

Jesinta Franklin, Australian beauty pageant titleholder Lakeith Stanfield, American actor and rapper

August 16

Evanna Lynch, Irish actress Kwon Ri-se, South Korean singer (d. 2014) Young Thug, American hip hop artist

August 17

Austin Butler, American actor, singer, and model Qory Sandioriva, Indonesian beauty pageant titleholder

August 18 – Richard Harmon, Canadian actor August 20 – Cory Joseph, Canadian basketball player August 21 – Tess Gaerthé, Dutch singer and actress August 22 – Brayden Schenn, Canadian ice hockey player August 23 – Jennifer Abel, Canadian diver August 25 – Gershon Koffie, Ghanaian soccer player August 26

Tommy Bastow, English actor and musician Dylan O'Brien, American actor

August 27 – Lee Sung-yeol, South Korean singer, dancer and actor August 28

Kyle Massey, American actor Samuel Larsen, American actor and singer

August 30

Gaia Weiss, French model and actress Farid Mammadov, Azerbaijani singer

September[edit]

Jennifer Veal

Kelsey Chow

Nana

Marlon Teixeira

September 1 – Rhys Bennett, English footballer September 4 – Carter Jenkins, American actor September 5 – Skandar Keynes, British actor September 7

Joe Harris, American basketball player Jennifer Veal, English actress

September 9

Kelsey Chow, American actress Hunter Hayes, American country musician Oscar dos Santos Emboaba Júnior, Brazilian footballer

September 10

Hannah Hodson, American actress Adam Nichols, British musician

September 11 – Kygo, Norwegian DJ and record producer September 13 – Ksenia Afanasyeva, Russian artistic gymnast September 14 – Nana, South Korean singer, actress and model September 16 – Marlon Teixeira, Brazilian model September 17

An Byeong-hun, Korean golfer Ryo Ishikawa, Japanese golfer Jordan McCoy, American singer and guitarist Sanne Wevers, Dutch gymnast Mena Massoud, Canadian actor

September 18 – Scharllette Allen Moses, Nicaraguan beauty pageant titleholder September 20 – Spencer Locke, American actress September 21 – Zoe Weizenbaum, American former actress September 22

Khairul Anuar Mohamad, Malaysian archer Chelsea Tavares, American actress and singer

September 23

Key, Korean singer Melanie Oudin, American tennis player

September 25 – Emmy Clarke, American actress September 27 – Simona Halep, Romanian tennis player

October[edit]

Roshon Fegan

Tyler Posey

Princess Mako of Akishino

Isabella Shinikova

Bryan Craig

October 2 – Roberto Firmino, Brazilian footballer October 4

Cole Hawkins, American actor Nicolai Kielstrup, Danish singer Brett Murphy, American actor

October 5 – Jackson Rogow, American actor October 6 – Roshon Fegan, American actor October 7

Nicole Jung, Korean-American singer Lay, Chinese singer

October 10

Gabriella Cilmi, Australian singer-songwriter Lali Espósito, Argentine actress, singer, dancer and model Mariana Pajón, Colombian cyclist Xherdan Shaqiri, Swiss footballer

October 14 – Shona McGarty, English actress October 16

Phan Thi Ha Thanh, Vietnamese artistic gymnast Miori Takimoto, Japanese actress Jedward, Irish pop duo

October 17 – Brenda Asnicar, Argentine actress and singer October 18 – Tyler Posey, American actor and musician October 19 – Christopher Gerse, American actor October 20

Kirsten Olson, American figure skater and actress Zulfahmi Khairuddin, Malaysian motocycle racer

October 22

Arianna Afsar, American pageant titleholder and singer Tatiana Martínez, Mexican actress

October 23

Sophie Oda, Japanese American actress Princess Mako of Akishino, Japanese princess

October 24 – Torstein Andersen Aase, Norwegian football striker October 25
October 25
– Isabella Shinikova, Bulgarian tennis player October 26 – Amala Paul, Indian film actress October 27 – Bryan Craig, American actor October 28 – Mart Müürisepp, Estonian actor October 29 – Marcus Lattimore, American football player October 30

Paulina Olszynski, American actress Aliza Vellani, Canadian television actress

October 31
October 31
– Jordan-Claire Green, American actress musician and singer

November[edit]

Jiang Yuyuan

Riker Lynch

Matt Bennett

Devon Bostick

Shailene Woodley

November 1

Jiang Yuyuan, Chinese gymnast Anthony Ramos, American actor

November 4

Olta Boka, Albanian singer Bee Vang, American actor Adriana Chechik, American pornographic actress

November 6

Camila Finn, Brazilian model Pierson Fodé, American actor and model

November 8

Riker Lynch, American actor, singer and bassist Dan Middleton, YouTube Personality

November 10 – Genevieve Buechner, Canadian actress November 11

Emma Blackery, British singer Christa B. Allen, American actress Tanvi Hegde, Indian film actress

November 12

Takatoshi Abe, Japanese track and field athlete Gijs Van Hoecke, Belgian cyclist

November 13

Matt Bennett, American actor, singer and screenwriter Devon Bostick, Canadian actor

November 14

Taylor Hall, Canadian ice hockey player Graham Patrick Martin, American film and television actor

November 15
November 15
– Shailene Woodley, American actress November 16 – Tomomi Kasai, Japanese singer November 20 – Irene Esser, Venezuelan beauty pageant titleholder November 21 – Dmitriy Martynov, Russian actor November 22

Diana Danielle, American actress Saki Shimizu, Japanese singer

November 24 – Lacey Baker, American skateboader November 25

Jamie Grace, American musician and actress Martin del Rosario, Filipino actor

November 28 – Ian Beharry, Canadian pair skater

December[edit]

Charlie Puth

Jillian Rose Reed

Louis Tomlinson

Chloe Bridges

December 1 – Sun Yang, Chinese Olympic swimmer December 2

Brandon Knight, American basketball player Charlie Puth, American singer Chloe Dufour-Lapointe, Canadian freestyle skier

December 3

Dominique Jackson, British actress Masahiro Usui, Japanese actor

December 4 – Aiden Grimshaw, English singer December 9

Prince Joachim of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, Belgian prince Choi Minho, South Korean rapper and TV host

December 10 – Kiki Bertens, Dutch tennis player December 12

Dyllan Christopher, American actor Daniel Magder, Canadian actor Wallis Currie-Wood, American actress

December 11

Anna Bergendahl, Swedish singer Gastón Soffritti, Argentine actress

December 13 – Jay Greenberg, American music composer December 15 – Eunice Cho, Korean-American actress December 17

Daniel Tay, American actor and voice actor Nadech Kugimiya, Thai model and actor

December 19

Declan Galbraith, English singer Keiynan Lonsdale, Australian actor Sumire Uesaka, Japanese voice actress and singer

December 20

Hunter Gomez, American actor Jillian Rose Reed, American actress

December 24

Vincent Caso, American actor and entrepreneur Louis Tomlinson, British singer and songwriter (One Direction)

December 26
December 26
– Eden Sher, American actress December 27 – Chloe Bridges, American actress December 28 – Belime, Lebanon
Lebanon
singer-songwriter, pop musician and music producer December 30 – Camila Giorgi, Italian tennis player

Deaths[edit] January[edit]

Carl David Anderson

Olav V of Norway

January 2 – Renato Rascel, Italian actor and singer (b. 1912) January 3

Luke Appling, American baseball player (Chicago White Sox) and member of the MLB Hall of Fame
MLB Hall of Fame
(b. 1907) Doris Zinkeisen, Scottish theatrical stage and costume designer, painter, commercial artist and writer (b. 1898)

January 5 – Vasko Popa, Yugoslavian poet (b. 1922) January 7

Everett Bidwell, American politician (b. 1899) Stephen Winsten, one of the 'Whitechapel Boys' group (b. 1893) Maurice Deloraine, French engineer, executive and technical director of International Telephone and Telegraph (b. 1898)

January 8 – Steve Clark, English guitarist (b. 1960) January 11

Carl David Anderson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905) Charles Mozley, British artist (b. 1914)

January 12

Keye Luke, Chinese-born actor (b. 1904) Vasco Pratolini, Italian writer (b. 1913) Mary Francis Shura, American writer (b. 1923)

January 14 Salah Khalaf (a.k.a. Abu Iyad), Palestinian officer (b. 1933) January 15

Ralph Tambs-Lyche, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1890) Frederick J. Pohl, prolific playwright, literary critic, editor, and book writer (b. 1889)

January 17 – King Olav V of Norway
Olav V of Norway
(b. 1903) January 18 – Hamilton Fish III, American soldier and politician (b. 1888) January 19 – John Russell, American actor (b. 1921) January 22 – Kenas Aroi, Nauruan politician (b. 1942) January 25 – Frank Soo, English footballer and manager (b. 1914) January 28 – Red Grange, American football player (Chicago Bears) and member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
(b. 1903) January 29 – Yasushi Inoue, Japanese historian (b. 1907) January 30

John Bardeen, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908) Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (b. 1907) John McIntire, American actor (b. 1907)

February[edit]

Salvador Luria

Danny Thomas

John Charles Daly

Margot Fonteyn

February 1 – Carol Dempster, American actress (b. 1901) February 2

Pete Axthelm, American sportswriter (b. 1943) Sir Monty Finniston, British industrialist (b. 1912)

February 3

Arnold Armitage, British-born artist and illustrator, (b. 1899) Nancy Kulp, American actress (b. 1921) Ed Russenholt, first weather person (b. 1890)

February 5

Pedro Arrupe, Spanish Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
priest, Superior General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1907) Dean Jagger, American actor (b. 1903)

February 6

Salvador Luria, Italian-born biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912) Danny Thomas, American singer, comedian, and actor (b. 1912) María Zambrano, Spanish essayist and philosopher (b. 1904)

February 7 – Amos Yarkoni, legendary Israeli soldier (b. 1920) February 13 – Arno Breker, German sculptor (b. 1900) February 14

John A. McCone, American politician, 6th Director of Central Intelligence (b. 1902) Neta Snook, pioneer aviator (b. 1896)

February 16 – Enrique Bermúdez, Nicaraguan Contras
Contras
leader (b. 1932) February 21

John Sherman Cooper, American politician (b. 1901) Margot Fonteyn, English ballet dancer (b. 1919)

February 24

John Charles Daly, South African-born journalist and game show host (b. 1914) Héctor Rial, Argentinian footballer (b. 1928) George Gobel, American comedian (b. 1919) Jean Rogers, American actress (b. 1916)

February 25 – Sverre Hansen, Norwegian long jumper (b. 1899) February 28 – Koesbini, Indonesian composer (b. 1910)

March[edit]

Serge Gainsbourg

March 1

Katherine Blake, South African-born British actress (b. 1921) Edwin H. Land, inventor of the Polaroid instant camera (b. 1909)

March 2

Serge Gainsbourg, French singer (b. 1928) Mary Howard a.k.a. Josephine Edgar, British writer (b. 1907)

March 3

Arthur Murray, American dancer and dance instructor (b. 1895) William Penney, Baron Penney, British nuclear physicist (b. 1909)

March 7 – Cool Papa Bell, American baseball player (b. 1903) March 12 – Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
(b. 1900) March 13 – Sigurd Aalefjær, Norwegian engineer and civil servant (b. 1917) March 14

Howard Ashman, American lyricist (b. 1950) Doc Pomus, American composer (b. 1925)

March 15

George Sherman, American film director (b. 1908) Evelyn Boucher, British film actress (b. 1892) Robin Hill, British plant biochemist (b. 1899)

March 16

Rowland Baring, 3rd Earl of Cromer, British central banker and diplomat (b. 1918) Latasha Harlins, American murder victim (b. 1975)

March 18 – Vilma Bánky, Hungarian-born actress (b. 1901) March 20 – Conor Clapton, son of guitarist Eric Clapton (b. 1986) March 21 – Leo Fender, American instrument maker (b. 1909) March 23 – Elisaveta Bagriana, Bulgarian poet, Nobel Prize in Literature (b. 1893) March 24

John Kerr, former Governor-General of Australia (b. 1914) Maudie Edwards, English actress (b. 1906)

March 25 – Marcel Lefebvre, French Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
bishop who fought for Catholic Tradition (b. 1905) March 27 – Aldo Ray, American actor (b. 1926) March 29 – Lee Atwater, American Presidential advisor (b. 1951)

April[edit]

John Heinz

Forrest Towns

David Lean

Steve Marriott

Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal

April 1

Paulo Muwanga, Ugandan military officer and statesman, 3rd Prime Minister of Uganda and 6th President of Uganda
President of Uganda
(b. 1921) Martha Graham, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1894) Jaime Guzmán, Chilean right-wing senator (assassinated) (b. 1946)

April 3

Charles Goren, American bridge player, writer, and columnist (b. 1901) Graham Greene, English writer (b. 1904)

April 4

Max Frisch, Swiss writer (b. 1911) H. John Heinz
John Heinz
III, American politician (b. 1938) Louis Guglielmi, French composer (b. 1916), Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (b. 1920)

April 5

Sonny Carter, American astronaut (b. 1947) John Tower, American politician (b. 1925) William Sidney, former Governor-General of Australia (b. 1909)

April 7

Oleg Babak, Soviet
Soviet
army officer (b. 1967)[importance?] Ruth Page, American ballerina and choreographer (b. 1899)

April 8 – Per "Dead" Ohlin, Swedish singer (b. 1969) April 9 – Forrest Towns, American Olympic athlete (b. 1914) April 10

Kevin Peter Hall, American actor (b. 1955) Natalie Schafer, American actress (b. 1900)

April 16 – David Lean, English film director (b. 1908) April 18 – Austin Bradford Hill, English epidemiologist and statistician (b. 1897) April 19 – Stanley Hawes, British-born Australian film producer, director and administrator (b. 1905) April 20

Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal, Mongolian Communist leader, former Party General Secretary, Prime Minister of Mongolia
Prime Minister of Mongolia
(b. 1916) Steve Marriott, English musician (b. 1947) Don Siegel, American film director (b. 1912)

April 23 – Johnny Thunders, American musician (b. 1952) April 26

Carmine Coppola, American composer and conductor (b. 1910) William Andrew Paton, founder of the American Accounting Association in 1916, (b. 1889)

April 27 – Robert Velter, French cartoonist (b. 1909) April 28

Paul E. Klopsteg, American physicist (b. 1889) Johnny Eck, American sideshow performer (b. 1911) Ken Curtis, American actor (b. 1916)

April 29

Gonzaguinha, Brazilian singer and composer (b. 1945) Claude Gallimard, French editor (b. 1914)

May[edit]

Mohammed Abdel Wahab

Rajiv Gandhi

May 1

Cesare Merzagora, Italian politician (b. 1898) Richard Thorpe, American film director (b. 1896)

May 3

Jerzy Kosiński, Polish-American writer (b. 1933) James C. Tison, Jr., American admiral and civil engineer, sixth Director of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, first director of the Environmental Science Services Administration Corps (b. 1908)

May 4 – Mohammed Abdel Wahab, Egyptian singer and composer (b. 1902) May 6 – Wilfrid Hyde-White, British actor (b. 1903) May 7 – Dennis Crosby, American singer (b. 1934) May 8

Jean Langlais, French composer and organist (b. 1907) Rudolf Serkin, Austrian pianist (b. 1903)

May 13 – Myron Brinig, Jewish-American author (b. 1896) May 14 – Jiang Qing, Chinese radical revolutionary, widow of Mao Zedong (b. 1914) May 15

Shintaro Abe, Japanese politician (b. 1924) Andreas Floer, German mathematician (b. 1956) Ronald Lacey, English actor (b. 1935)

May 18

Gerd Achgelis, German aviator, test pilot, and pioneer in the development of helicopters (b. 1908) Betty Alberge, English actress (b. 1922) Edwina Booth, American actress (b. 1904)

May 20 – Lydia Cabrera, Cuban anthropologist and poet (b. 1899) May 21

Lino Brocka, Filipino film director (b. 1939) Rajiv Gandhi, 6th Prime Minister of India
India
(b. 1944)

May 22 – Derrick Henry Lehmer, American mathematician (b. 1905) May 23

Jean Van Houtte, Belgian politician, 38th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1907) Wilhelm Kempff, German pianist (b. 1895) Will Sinnott, Scottish bassist and keyboardist (The Shamen) (b. 1960)

May 24 – Gene Clark, American singer-songwriter (b. 1944) May 27 – Leopold Nowak, Austrian musicologist (b. 1904) May 29 – Coral Browne, Australian actress (b. 1913) May 30 – Manolo Gómez Bur, Spanish actor (b. 1917)

June[edit]

Jean Arthur

Henri Lefebvre

June 1 – David Ruffin, American singer (b. 1941) June 2 – Hailu Yimenu, Ethiopian politician, acting Prime Minister of Ethiopia June 3

Brian Bevan, Australian rugby league player (b. 1924) Eva Le Gallienne, English-born actress (b. 1899)

June 4 – MC Trouble, American rapper (b. 1970) June 5

Larry Kert, American actor (b. 1930) Evelyn Boucher, British film actress who had a number of leading roles in silent films (b. 1892) Min Chueh Chang, Chinese-born American reproductive biologist (b. 1908)

June 6 – Stan Getz, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1927) June 8 – Bertice Reading, American actress and singer (b. 1933) June 9 – Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (b. 1903) June 11 – Cromwell Everson, South African composer (b. 1925) June 14 – Peggy Ashcroft, British actress (b. 1907) June 15

Happy Chandler, 2nd commissioner of Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
(b. 1898) W. Arthur Lewis, Saint Lucian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915) Ricardo Wolf, Jewish-German-Cuban-Israeli inventor, diplomat, philanthropist (b. 1887)

June 17 – Pierre Jamet, French harpist (b. 1893) June 18

Joan Caulfield, American actress (b. 1922) István Schweitzer, Hungarian military officer (b. 1887)

June 19 – Jean Arthur, American actress (b. 1900) June 24

Czesław Białas, Polish Olympic weightlifter (b. 1931) Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter of Zapotec (b. 1899)

June 25 – Michael Heidelberger, American immunologist (b. 1888) June 27

Henry Pierson Crowe, legendary Marine of the Korean War, World War II, the banana wars, and World War I (b. 1899) Molly Geertsema, Dutch liberal politician, former leader of the VVD party (b. 1918) George MacLeod, Scottish soldier and clergyman (b. 1895)

June 28 – Hans Nüsslein, German tennis player (b. 1910) June 29 – Henri Lefebvre, French sociologist and philosopher (b. 1901)

July[edit]

Michael Landon

Lee Remick

María Antinea

July 1 – Michael Landon, American actor (b. 1936) July 2 – Lee Remick, American actress (b. 1935) July 4

Victor Chang, Australian physician (b. 1936) Henry Koerner, Austrian-born American painter and graphic designer (b. 1915)

July 5

Mildred Dunnock, American actress (b. 1901) Howard Nemerov, American poet (b. 1920)

July 6 – Anton Yugov, Bulgarian Communist politician, 35th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1904) July 7 – André Busch, French Olympic water polo player (b. 1913) July 8 – James Franciscus, American actor (b. 1934) July 11 – Mokhtar Dahari, Malaysian footballer (b. 1953) July 15

Bert Convy, American actor (b. 1933) Roger Revelle, American scientist and scholar (b. 1909)

July 16 – Robert Motherwell, American painter (b. 1915) July 18

André Cools, Belgian Socialist politician (b. 1927) Ambrus Nagy, Hungarian fencer, Olympic silver medalist (1956) (b. 1927)

July 24 – Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-born Yiddish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902) July 25

Lazar Kaganovich, Soviet
Soviet
politician, former member of the CPSU Politburo and Deputy Prime Minister (b. 1893) Henry Holst, Danish violinist (b. 1899)

July 27 – John Friedrich, German-born Australian engineer and conman (b. 1950) July 29

María Antinea, Spanish actress (b. 1915) Christian de Castries, French general (b. 1902)

July 31 – Doris Zinkeisen, Scottish theatrical stage and costume designer, painter, commercial artist and writer (b. 1898)

August[edit]

Ali Sabri

James Irwin

August 1 – Chris Short, American baseball pitcher (b. 1937) August 3 – Ali Sabri, Egyptian politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Egypt
Egypt
(b. 1920) August 4 – Yevgeny Dragunov, Russian weapons designer (b. 1920) August 5

Paul Brown, American football coach (Cleveland Browns) and member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
(b. 1908) Soichiro Honda, Japanese engineer and industrialist (b. 1917) Sam Goodman, American gospel singer of the Happy Goodman Family (b. 1931)

August 6

Shapour Bakhtiar, Iranian politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1915) Arthur Pentelow, English actor (b. 1924) Harry Reasoner, American journalist and newscaster (b. 1923)

August 7 Billy T. James
Billy T. James
New Zealand comedian (b. 1948) August 8

James Irwin, American astronaut (b. 1930) Julissa Gomez, American gymnast (b. 1972)

August 11 – J. D. McDuffie, American race car driver (b. 1938) August 13 – James Roosevelt, American businessman and politician (b. 1907) August 14 – Richard A. Snelling, Governor of Vermont (b. 1927) August 16 – Luigi Zampa, Italian film-maker (b. 1905) August 17 – Terence Kilmartin, Irish journalist and translator (b. 1922) August 21 – Oswald von Nell-Breuning, Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
theologian and sociologist (b. 1890) August 22

Colleen Dewhurst, Canadian-born actress (b. 1924) Boris Pugo, Latvian communist politician, Soviet
Soviet
minister of the Interior (b. 1937) Jane Stafford, American medical writer and chemist (b. 1899)

August 23

Mildred Trotter, forensic anthropologist (b. 1899) Florence B. Seibert, American biochemist (b. 1897)

August 24 – Sergey Akhromeyev, Soviet
Soviet
marshall, former Chief of the General Staff of the Soviet
Soviet
Armed Forces (b. 1923) August 25 – Niven Busch, American novelist and screenwriter (b. 1903) August 28 – Alekos Sakellarios, Greek writer and director (b. 1913) August 30

Jean Tinguely, Swiss painter and sculptor (b. 1925) Cyril Knowles, English footballer and manager (b. 1944)

September[edit]

Alfonso García Robles

Frank Capra

Tom Tryon

Dr. Seuss

Miles Davis

September 2 – Alfonso García Robles, Mexican diplomat and politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
(b. 1911) September 3 – Frank Capra, Italian-born American film director (b. 1897) September 4

Tom Tryon, American actor and writer (b. 1926) Dottie West, American singer (b. 1932) Charlie Barnet, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1913)

September 7 – Edwin McMillan, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907) September 8

Alex North, American film composer (b. 1910) Brad Davis, American actor (b. 1949) Gordon Gunson, English football player (b. 1904) Nell Donnelly Reed, American fashion designer and businesswoman (b. 1889)

September 10

Jack Crawford, Australian tennis champion (b. 1908) Jan Józef Lipski, Polish critic, historian and politician (b. 1926)

September 12 – Bruce Matthews, Canadian Army officer and businessman (b. 1909) September 13 – Joe Pasternak, Hungarian-born film director (b. 1901) September 14 – Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer, and author (b. 1910) September 15 – John Hoyt, American actor (b. 1905) September 17

Henry Angus, Canadian lawyer and academic (b. 1891) Frank H. Netter, American artist, physician, and medical illustrator (b. 1906) Zino Francescatti, French violinist (b. 1902)

September 19 – Lydia Cabrera, Cuban anthropologist and poet (b. 1899) September 22 – Tino Casal, Spanish pop singer (b. 1950) September 24

Dr. Seuss
Dr. Seuss
(Theodor Seuss Geisel), American author (b. 1904) Robert Donati, American mobster (b. 1940), body discovered this date

September 25

Klaus Barbie, German Gestapo
Gestapo
leader in Lyon (b. 1913) Viviane Romance, French actress (b. 1912)

September 28

Ellic Howe, British writer (b. 1910) Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1926)

September 29 – Grace Zaring Stone, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1891)

October[edit]

Redd Foxx

Gene Roddenberry

Mario Scelba

October 2 – Patriarch Demetrios I of Constantinople (b. 1914) October 5 – Martin Ennals, British human rights activist (b. 1927) October 6

Igor Talkov, Russian singer, poet and composer (b. 1956) Florence B. Seibert, American biochemist (b. 1897)

October 9

Roy Black, German singer (b. 1943) Thalmus Rasulala, American actor (b. 1939)

October 11 – Redd Foxx, American comedian and actor (b. 1922) October 12

Aline MacMahon, American actress (b. 1899) Arkady Strugatsky, Russian writer (b. 1925) Regis Toomey, American actor (b. 1898)

October 13

Daniel Oduber Quirós, Costa Rican politician, 37th President of Costa Rica (b. 1921) Agustín Rodríguez Sahagún, Spanish politician, former Defense Minister and mayor of Madrid
Madrid
(b. 1932)

October 17 – Tennessee Ernie Ford, American singer (b. 1919) October 24 – Gene Roddenberry, American television producer (b. 1921) October 25

John Stratton, English actor (b. 1925) Bill Graham, American promoter (b. 1931)

October 27

Howard Kingsbury, American Olympic rower – Men's eights (b. 1904) Pyke Koch, Dutch painter (b. 1901) Andrzej Panufnik, Polish musician and composer (b. 1914)

October 28 – Sylvia Fine, American lyricist (b. 1913) October 29 – Mario Scelba, Italian politician, 33rd Prime Minister of Italy
Italy
and President of the European Parliament
President of the European Parliament
(b. 1901) October 31
October 31
– Joseph Papp, American theater producer (b. 1921)

November[edit]

Tony Richardson

Gustáv Husák

Freddie Mercury

November 2 – Irwin Allen, American film and television producer (b. 1916) November 3 – Chris Bender, American musician (b. 1972) November 5

Fred MacMurray, American actor (b. 1908) Robert Maxwell, Slovakian-born media entrepreneur (b. 1923)

November 6 – Gene Tierney, American actress (b. 1920) November 9 – Yves Montand, French actor and singer (b. 1921) November 10

Eva Bosáková, Czechoslovakian artistic gymnast (b. 1931) Curt Weibull, Swedish historian, educator and author (b. 1886)

November 12 – Keizō Hayashi, Japanese civil servant and military official (b. 1907) November 14 – Tony Richardson, English film and theater director (b. 1928) November 18 – Gustáv Husák, Czechoslovak politician, 9th President of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
(b. 1913) November 19 – Reggie Nalder, Austrian actor (b. 1907) November 21 – Daniel Mann, American film director (b. 1912) November 23 – Klaus Kinski, German actor (b. 1926) November 24

Eric Carr, American drummer (Kiss) (b. 1950) Anton Furst, American art director (b. 1944) Freddie Mercury, lead singer and pianist of British rock group Queen (b. 1946)

November 25

Eleanor Audley, American actress (b. 1905) Nimeño II, French bullfighter (b. 1954)

November 26

Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (b. 1908) Bob Johnson, American ice hockey coach (b. 1931)

November 29

Ralph Bellamy, American actor (b. 1904) Nasirdin Isanov, 1st Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
(b. 1943) Frank Yerby, American novelist (b. 1916)

December[edit]

December 1 – George Stigler, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911) December 6 – Richard Stone, British economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1913) December 9 – Berenice Abbott, American photographer (b. 1898) December 10

Franco Maria Malfatti, Italian politician (b. 1927) Greta Kempton, American artist (b. 1901)

December 11

Robert Q. Lewis, American radio and television personality (b. 1920) Artur Lundkvist, Swedish author (b. 1906)

December 12

Eleanor Boardman, American actress (b. 1898) Olli Ungvere, Estonian actress (b. 1906)

December 14

John Arlott, British journalist, author and cricket commentator (b. 1914) Charles Osborne, hiccupped continuously for 68 years (1922–1990) (b. 1892)

December 15

Vasily Zaytsev, Russian World War II
World War II
hero (b. 1915) Aad Mansveld, Dutch footballer (b. 1944)

December 18 – George Abecassis, English race car driver (b. 1913) December 19 – Paul Maxwell, Canadian actor (b. 1921) December 24 – Marguerite Williams, African American geologist (b. 1895) December 27 – Hervé Guibert, French writer and photographer (b. 1955) December 28 – Cassandra Harris, Australian actress (b. 1941) December 31 – Yuri Belov, Soviet
Soviet
actor (b. 1930)

Date unknown[edit]

Yvonne Hutton, British comic artist (b. 1941)

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Physics – Pierre-Gilles de Gennes Chemistry – Richard R. Ernst Medicine – Erwin Neher, Bert Sakmann Literature – Nadine Gordimer Peace – Aung San Suu Kyi Bank of Sweden
Sweden
Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel – Ronald Coase

References[edit]

^ "India's economy: One more push – The Economist". The Economist.  ^ "ASIANOW – TIME Asia – Pokémon: The Ultimate Game Freak – Page 1 – 11/22/99". cnn.com.  ^ Frank Wilkins. "The Death of Rebecca Schaeffer". Reel Reviews.  ^ York, New (April 10, 1991). "1st Soviet
Soviet
Troops Leave Poland". Chicago Tribune.  ^ Ochoa, Laurie (September 12, 1991). "The Coffee Revolution : Seattle—It's Latte Town, Jake : Trends: Coffee cultism, Washington-style, may be coming to your neighborhood". Los Angeles Times.  ^ "Eugene Register-Guard – Google News Archive Search". google.com.  ^ Wald, Matthew (6 June 1991). "Severe Sun Storm Threatens Utilities". New York Times: 16. Retrieved 23 May 2016.  ^ "Large Solar Flares Since 1976". Space Weather Servuces. Retrieved 23 May 2016.  ^ globalsecurity.org ^ Signals Intelligence in the Post-cold War Era p. 24 ^ "Witness Seized "Last Chance" to Escape Vukovar
Vukovar
Massacre". Institute for War and Peace Reporting. 8 March 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2013.  ^ "Hawke and Keating: a masterclass in political killing". <

.