The Info List - 1976 Winter Olympics

The 1976 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XII Olympic Winter Games (French: XIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver, German: Olympische Winterspiele 1976), were a winter multi-sport event which was celebrated February 4–15, 1976 in Innsbruck, Austria. It was the second time the Tyrolean city hosted the Games, which were awarded to Innsbruck
after Denver, the original host city, withdrew in 1972.


1 Host selection 2 Mascot 3 Highlights 4 Venues 5 Medals awarded 6 Participating nations 7 Medal count 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Host selection[edit] Main article: Bids for the 1976 Winter Olympics The cities of Denver, Colorado, United States; Sion, Switzerland; Tampere, Finland; and Vancouver
(with the Garibaldi mountains), British Columbia, Canada, made bids for the Games. The chart below displays the vote count for the 69th IOC meeting at Amsterdam, Netherlands, on May 12 1970.

Original 1976 Winter Olympics
1976 Winter Olympics
bidding results[1]

City Country Round 1 Round 2 Round 3

Denver  United States 29 29 39

Sion   Switzerland 18 31 30

Tampere  Finland 12 8 —

Vancouver—Garibaldi  Canada 9 — —

The selection process for the 1976 Winter Olympics
1976 Winter Olympics
consisted of four bids, and saw Denver, United States, selected ahead of Sion, Switzerland; Tampere, Finland; and Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The selection was made at the 70th IOC Session in Amsterdam
on 12 May 1970.[1] In a 1972 referendum, voters in Colorado
rejected funding for the games, and for the only time a city awarded the Games rejected them.[2] Denver
officially withdrew on 15 November, and the IOC then offered the games to Whistler, British Columbia, Canada, but they too declined owing to a change of government following elections. Whistler would go on to be associated with neighbouring Vancouver's successful bid for the 2010 games. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
offered to host the games, but the IOC, still reeling from the Denver
rejection, declined and selected Innsbruck
to host the 1976 Winter Olympics, which had hosted the 1964 Winter Olympics
1964 Winter Olympics
games twelve years earlier, on 5 February 1973. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
would then host the Winter Olympics in 2002. Mascot[edit] The mascot of the 1976 Winter Olympics
1976 Winter Olympics
was Schneemann, German for "snowman", a snowman in a red Tyrolean hat. Designed by Walter Pötsch, Schneeman was purported to represent the 1976 Games as the "Games of Simplicity". It was also regarded as a good-luck charm, to avert the dearth of snow that had marred the 1964 Winter Olympics
1964 Winter Olympics
in Innsbruck.[3][4] Highlights[edit]

First Games under the presidency of Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin Austrian favorite Franz Klammer
Franz Klammer
won the men's downhill event in alpine skiing in 1:45.73, after great pressure from his country and defending champion Bernhard Russi
Bernhard Russi
of Switzerland. Dorothy Hamill
Dorothy Hamill
of the US won the gold in figure Skating, and inspired the popular "wedge" haircut.[5] Elegant British figure skater John Curry
John Curry
altered his routine to appeal to Olympic judges, winning gold.[6] American figure skater Terry Kubicka attempted – and completed – a dangerous backflip in figure skating. Rosi Mittermaier
Rosi Mittermaier
of West Germany
West Germany
nearly swept the women's alpine skiing events, earning two golds and a silver, missing the third gold by 0.13 seconds.[7] Soviet speed skater Tatiana Averina
Tatiana Averina
won four medals. The U.S. team won six medals in speed skating.[8] In the 4-man bobsled, the East German team won the first of three consecutive titles. The USSR
won its fourth straight ice hockey gold medal; for the second consecutive Olympics, Canada
refused to send a team, protesting amateur rules. Sweden joined the boycott. Sports technology, in the guise of innovative perforated skis, sleek hooded suits and streamlined helmets appeared in alpine skiing, speed skating and ski jumping, making headlines in Innsbruck.[9] A second cauldron for the Olympic flame was built to represent the 1976 Games. Both it and the cauldron from the 1964 games were lit together. Bobsleigh
and luge competed on the same track for the first time ever. Galina Kulakova of the Soviet Union finished 3rd in the women's 5 km ski event, but was disqualified due to taking a nasal spray that contained the banned substance ephedrine. Both the FIS and the IOC allowed her to compete in the 10 km and the 4×5 km relay.[10] This was the first stripped medal at the Winter Olympics.

Venues[edit] Main article: Venues of the 1976 Winter Olympics

in 2004

Axamer Lizum
Axamer Lizum
Alpine skiing
Alpine skiing
except men's downhill Bergiselschanze
Ski jumping
Ski jumping
(large hill), Opening Ceremonies Eisschnellaufbahn
– Speed skating Kombinierte Kunsteisbahn für Bob-Rodel Igls – Bobsleigh, Luge Messehalle – Ice hockey Olympiahalle – Figure skating, Ice hockey, Closing Ceremonies Patscherkofel
Alpine skiing
Alpine skiing
(men's downhill) Seefeld – Biathlon, Cross-country skiing, Nordic combined, Ski jumping (normal hill)

Medals awarded[edit] There were 37 events contested in 6 sports (10 disciplines). Ice dancing made its debut to the Olympics. See the medal winners, ordered by sport:

Alpine skiing
Alpine skiing
(6) (details) Biathlon
(2) (details) Bobsleigh
(2) (details) Cross-country skiing
Cross-country skiing
(7) (details) Figure skating
Figure skating
(4) (details)

Ice hockey
Ice hockey
(1) (details) Luge
(3) (details) Nordic combined
Nordic combined
(1) (details) Ski jumping
Ski jumping
(2) (details) Speed skating
Speed skating
(9) (details)

Participating nations[edit] 37 nations participated in the 1976 Winter Olympic Games. The games marked the final time the Republic of China
Republic of China
(Taiwan) participated under the Republic of China
Republic of China
flag and name. After most of the international community recognized the People's Republic of China
Republic of China
as the legitimate government of all China, the ROC was forced to compete under the name Chinese Taipei, under an altered flag and to use its National Banner Song instead of its national anthem. Andorra
and San Marino participated in their first Winter Olympic Games.

Participating National Olympic Committees

 Andorra (5)  Argentina (9)  Australia (7)  Austria (77) (host)  Belgium (4)  Bulgaria (29)  Canada (59)  Chile (5)  Czechoslovakia (58)  Finland (53)  France (35)  East Germany (59)  West Germany (71)  Great Britain (42)  Greece (4)  Hungary (3)  Iceland (6)  Iran (4)  Italy (58)  Japan (58)  South Korea (3)  Lebanon (3)  Liechtenstein (9)  Netherlands (11)  New Zealand (5)  Norway (42)  Poland (56)  Romania (32)  San Marino (3)  Soviet Union (79)  Spain (4)  Sweden (39)  Switzerland (59)  Republic of China (6)  Turkey (9)  United States (106)  Yugoslavia (28)

Medal count[edit] Further information: 1976 Winter Olympics
1976 Winter Olympics
medal table (Host nation highlighted)

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total

1  Soviet Union 13 6 8 27

2  East Germany 7 5 7 19

3  United States 3 3 4 10

4  Norway 3 3 1 7

5  West Germany 2 5 3 10

6  Finland 2 4 1 7

7  Austria 2 2 2 6

8  Switzerland 1 3 1 5

9  Netherlands 1 2 3 6

10  Italy 1 2 1 4

See also[edit]

Olympics portal

1976 Winter Paralympics 1976 Summer Paralympics 1976 Summer Olympics

Winter Olympic Games Olympic Games International Olympic Committee List of IOC country codes


^ a b "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on March 17, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2011.  ^ Sanko, John (12 October 1999). " Colorado
only state ever to turn down Olympics". Rocky Mountain News. Archived from the original on 1 June 2009. Retrieved 16 March 2011.  ^ International Olympic Committee. "Olympic Winter Games Mascots from Innsbruck
1976 to Sochi 2014". Archived from original June 3, 2014. Retrieved April 10, 2017. ^ Australian Olympic Committee. "A history of winter mascots". Retrieved April 10, 2017. ^ Dorothy Hamill
Dorothy Hamill
bio. Factmonster.com. Retrieved on July 7, 2011. ^ Olympic.org ^ Infoplease. Infoplease (February 1, 2009). Retrieved on July 7, 2011. ^ Kiat.net Archived March 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Kiat.net. Retrieved on July 7, 2011. ^ CBC.CA. CBC.CA. Retrieved on July 7, 2011. ^ "1976 Winter Olympics". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 20 January 2011. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1976 Winter Olympics.

" Innsbruck
1976". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.  "Results and Medalists". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.  The Official Report of the XIIth Winter Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games
1976 at Innsbruck
– from LA84Foundation Present photos of Innsbruck
Olympic sites[permanent dead link] Rocky Mountain News
Rocky Mountain News
only state ever to turn down Olympics – October 12, 1999

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Events at the 1976 Winter Olympics
1976 Winter Olympics

Alpine skiing Biathlon Bobsleigh Cross‑country skiing Figure skating Ice hockey Luge Nordic combined Ski jumping Speed skating

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Nations at the 1976 Winter Olympics
1976 Winter Olympics
in Innsbruck, Austria




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Venues of the 1976 Winter Olympics

Axamer Lizum Bergiselschanze Eisschnellaufbahn Kominierte Kunsteisbahn für Bob-Rodel Igls Messehalle Olympiahalle Patscherkofel Toni-Seelos-Olympiaschanze

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 129664199 LCCN: n96107206 GND: 2041397-X

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