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The
suffix In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign language) and writing. Most languag ...
''-onym'' (from grc, ὄνυμα / name) is a
bound morpheme In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language, meaning that it is a comprehensive, systematic, objective, and precise study of language. Linguistics encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the meth ...
, that is attached to the end of a
root word A root (or root word) is the core of a word that is irreducible into more meaningful elements. In morphology Morphology, from the Greek and meaning "study of shape", may refer to: Disciplines * Morphology (archaeology), study of the shapes or ...
, thus forming a new
compound word In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language, meaning that it is a comprehensive, systematic, objective, and precise study of language. Linguistics encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the met ...
that designates a particular ''class'' of
names A name is a term used for identification by an external observer. They can identify a class or category of things, or a single thing, either uniquely, or within a given context. The entity identified by a name is called its referent A referent ...

names
. In
linguistic Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo ...
terminology, compound words that are formed with suffix -onym are most commonly used as designations for various
onomastic Onomastics or onomatology is the study of the etymology Etymology ()The New Oxford Dictionary of English ''The'' () is a grammatical article Article often refers to: * Article (grammar) An article is any member of a class of dedicated ...
classes. Most onomastic terms that are formed with suffix -onym are classical compounds, whose word roots are taken from
classical languages A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign language) and writing. Most languages have a writing system composed of ...
(Greek and Latin). For example, onomastic terms like
toponym Toponymy, toponymics, or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''toponyms Toponymy, also toponymics or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''wikt: ...
and linguonym are typical classical (or neoclassical) compounds, formed from suffix ''-onym'' and classical (Greek and Latin) root words ( grc, τόπος / place; la, lingua / language). In some compounds, the ''-onym'' morpheme has been modified by replacing (or dropping) the "o". In the compounds like ''
ananym An anadrome is a word whose spelling is derived by reversing the spelling of another word. It is therefore a special type of anagram An anagram is a word or phrase formed by rearranging the letters of a different word or phrase, typically usi ...
'' and '' metanym'', the correct forms (''
anonym Anonymity describes situations where the acting person's identity is unknown. Some writers have argued that namelessness, though technically correct, does not capture what is more centrally at stake in contexts of anonymity. The important idea her ...

anonym
'' and ''
metonym Metonymy () is a figure of speech A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is a word or phrase that entails an intentional deviation from ordinary language use in order to produce a rhetoric Rhetoric () is the Art (skill), art of p ...
'') were pre-occupied by other meanings. Other, late 20th century examples, such as ''
hypernym In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic ...
'' and '' characternym'', are typically redundant
neologism A neologism (; from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is appro ...
s, for which there are more traditional words formed with the full ''-onym'' (''
hyperonym In linguistics, hyponymy (from Greek language, Greek ὑπό, ''hupó'', "under", and ὄνυμα, ''ónuma'', "name") is a semantics, semantic relation between a hyponym denoting a subtype and a hypernym or hyperonym denoting a supertype. In ot ...
'' and ''
charactonym An aptronym, aptonym, or euonym is a personal name aptly or peculiarly suited to its owner. History The ''Encyclopædia Britannica'' attributes the term to Franklin P. Adams, a writer who coined it as an anagram of ''patronym'', to emphasize "apt" ...
''). The English suffix ''-onym'' is from the
Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language Greek ( el, label=Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , or , ''Kiní Neoellinikí Glóssa''), generally referred to by speakers simply as Greek (, ), refers collectively to the diale ...
suffix (''ōnymon''), neuter of the suffix (''ōnymos''), having a specified kind of name, from the Greek (''ónoma''),
Aeolic Greek In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language, meaning that it is a comprehensive, systematic, objective, and precise study of language. Linguistics encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the ...
ὄνυμα (''ónyma''), "name". The form ''-ōnymos'' is that taken by ''ónoma'' when it is the end component of a
bahuvrihi A ''bahuvrihi'' compound (from sa, बहुव्रीहि, tr=bahuvrīhi, lit=much rice/having much rice, originally referring to fertile land but later denoting the quality of being wealthy or rich) is a type of compound word In linguistics ...
compound, but in English its use is extended to
tatpuruṣa Sanskrit inherits from its parent, the Proto-Indo-European language, the capability of forming Compound (linguistics), compound nouns, also widely seen in Indo-European_languages, kindred languages, especially German compounds, German, Greek langu ...
compounds. The suffix is found in many modern languages with various spellings. Examples are:
Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * Dutch Castle Places * ...
''synoniem'',
German German(s) may refer to: * Germany (of or related to) **Germania (historical use) * Germans, citizens of Germany, people of German ancestry, or native speakers of the German language ** For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law **Ger ...

German
''Synonym'',
Portuguese Portuguese may refer to: * anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Portugal ** Portuguese cuisine, traditional foods ** Portuguese language, a Romance language *** Portuguese dialects, variants of the Portuguese language ** Portug ...

Portuguese
''sinónimo'',
Russian Russian refers to anything related to Russia, including: *Russians (, ''russkiye''), an ethnic group of the East Slavic peoples, primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries *Rossiyane (), Russian language term for all citizens and people ...
синоним (''sinonim''),
Polish Polish may refer to: * Anything from or related to Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 Voivodeships of Poland, administrative provinces, covering an area of , ...
''synonim'',
Finnish Finnish may refer to: * Something or someone from, or related to Finland * Finnish culture * Finnish people or Finns, the primary ethnic group in Finland * Finnish language, the national language of the Finnish people * Finnish cuisine See also

...
''synonyymi'',
Indonesian Indonesian is anything of, from, or related to Indonesia, an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. It may refer to: * Indonesians, citizens of Indonesia ** Native Indonesians, diverse groups of local inhabitants of the archipelago ** Indonesian ...

Indonesian
''sinonim'',
Czech Czech may refer to: * Anything from or related to the Czech Republic The Czech Republic, also known by its short-form name Czechia and formerly known as Bohemia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Austria to th ...
''synonymum''. According to a 1988 study of words ending in ''-onym'', there are four discernible classes of ''-onym'' words: (1) historic, classic, or, for want of better terms, naturally occurring or common words; (2) scientific terminology, occurring in particular in linguistics, onomastics, etc.; (3) language games; and (4)
nonce word A nonce word (also called an occasionalism) is a lexeme A lexeme () is a unit of lexical meaning that underlies a set of words that are related through inflection In linguistic morphology Morphology, from the Greek and meaning "study of ...
s. Older terms are known to gain new, sometimes contradictory, meanings (e.g., ''eponym'' and ''cryptonym''). In many cases, two or more words describe the same phenomenon, but no precedence is discernible (e.g., ''necronym'' and ''penthonym''). New words are sometimes created, the meaning of which duplicating existing terms. On occasion, new words are formed with little regard to historical principles.


Words that end in -onym

*
acronym An acronym is a word In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign langu ...
: considered to be a "word" in its original sense formed from the initials of one or more words that is pronounceable like a normal word, such as
NATO The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO, ; french: Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique nord, ), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance A military alliance is a formal agreement betwe ...
, sometimes in distinction to
initialism An acronym is a word In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign langu ...
; reflecting a historical development from its component word initials * agoronym: a name of a square or a marketplace. * agronym: a name of a field or a plain. * allonym: an author's name of another person's, often a well-known person's, name; an alternative term for a pseudonym *
anacronym An acronym is a word In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign langu ...
: an acronym so well-established that its origin as an abbreviation is no longer widely known and its component initials are in danger of no longer being recognized (a blend of
anachronism An anachronism (from the Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population i ...
and acronym) * andronym: a male name, or a man's name adopted by a woman as a pseudonym. *
anonym Anonymity describes situations where the acting person's identity is unknown. Some writers have argued that namelessness, though technically correct, does not capture what is more centrally at stake in contexts of anonymity. The important idea her ...

anonym
: something created anonymously, or its creator; an unknown author; this term now generally replaced by pseudonym * anepronym: a portmanteau of anacronym and
eponym An eponym is a person, place, or thing after whom or which someone or something is, or is believed to be, named. The adjectives derived from eponym include ''eponymous'' and ''eponymic''. Word usage The term ''eponym'' functions in multiple ...
; an original eponym of a trademark term that becomes so well established that it is used to define other objects that share its own definition (e.g.,
aspirin Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), is a medication used to reduce pain, fever, or inflammation. Specific inflammatory conditions which aspirin is used to treat include Kawasaki disease, pericarditis, and rheumatic fever. Aspirin ...

aspirin
) *
anthroponym Anthroponymy (also anthroponymics or anthroponomastics, from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language Greek ( el, label=Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , or , ''Kiní Neoellinikí Glóssa''), generall ...
: a proper name of a human being, individual or collective. * anthropotoponym: a type of
toponym Toponymy, toponymics, or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''toponyms Toponymy, also toponymics or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''wikt: ...
(place name) that is derived from an anthroponym *
antonym In lexical semantics Lexical semantics (also known as lexicosemantics), as a subfield of linguistic Linguistics is the science, scientific study of language. It encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the methods fo ...
: a word with the exact opposite meaning of another word; an
antithesis Antithesis (Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximate ...
: often shown in opposite word pairs such as "high" and "low" (compare with "synonym") * apronym: a word which, as an acronym or backronym, has a meaning related to the meaning of the words constituting the acronym or backronym; such as
PLATO Plato ( ; grc-gre, Πλάτων ; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was an Classical Athens, Athenian philosopher during the Classical Greece, Classical period in Ancient Greece, founder of the Platonist school of thought and the Platoni ...
for "Programmed Logic for Automated Teaching" alluding to
Plato Plato ( ; grc-gre, Πλάτων ; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was an Classical Athens, Athenian philosopher during the Classical Greece, Classical period in Ancient Greece, founder of the Platonist school of thought and the Platoni ...

Plato
, the philosopher and teacher *
aptronym An aptronym, aptonym, or euonym is a personal name A personal name, or full name, in onomastic Onomastics or onomatology is the study of the etymology, history, and use of proper names. An ''wikt:orthonym, orthonym'' is the proper name of th ...
: a name appropriate to its owner's
occupation Occupation commonly refers to: *Occupation or job, one's role in society, often a regular activity performed for payment *Occupation (protest), political demonstration by holding public or symbolic spaces *Military occupation, the martial control ...

occupation
or physical properties, such as "Goldsmith" or "Longman" (compare with "charactonym") — coined by Franklin P. Adams * asteroidonym: a proper name of an asteroid. * astionym: a name of a town or city. * astronym: a name of a star (or more loosely of a constellation, or other heavenly body). * autoethnonym: an ethnonym of endonymic (native) origin, created and used by an ethic group as a self-designation (see also: endoethnonym). * autoglossonym or autoglottonym: a glossonym / glottonym (language name) of endonymic (native) origin, created and used by native speakers as a designation for their language. * autolinguonym: a linguonym (language name) of endonymic (native) origin, same as autoglossonym / autoglottonym (see also: endolinguonym). *
autonym Autonym may refer to: * Autonym, the name used by a person to refer to themselves or their language; see Exonym and endonym An endonym (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( ...
: Botanical nomenclature for an automatically created name. Not to be confused with onomastic ''
autonym Autonym may refer to: * Autonym, the name used by a person to refer to themselves or their language; see Exonym and endonym An endonym (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( ...
'', formerly used as a variant term for
endonym An endonym (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 milli ...
. *
backronym A backronym, or bacronym, is an acronym An acronym is a word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semantic, objective or pragmatics, practical m ...
: an ordinary word understood as an (usually amusing or ironic) acronym (a portmanteau of back + acronym), such as
Fiat Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (, , ; originally FIAT, it, Fabbrica Italiana Automobili di Torino, lit=Italian Automobiles Factory, Turin) is an Italian automobile manufacturer, formerly part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Fiat Chrysler Automobile ...

Fiat
understood as "Fix It Again Tomorrow" *
basionym In the scientific name of organisms, basionym or basyonym means the original name on which a new name is based; the author citation of the new name should include the authors of the basionym in parentheses. The term original combination or protonym ...
: the first name published for a biological taxon (species, genus, etc.), which remains the defining name for the taxon even when the taxon has been transferred to a new name * caconym: a bad name, either from poor formation (as through mixing Greek and Latin) or unpleasantness (as through lengthiness or cacophony) *
capitonym A capitonym is a word that changes its meaning (and sometimes pronunciation) when it is capitalized; the capitalization usually applies due to one form being a proper noun A proper noun is a noun A noun () is a word In linguistics, a w ...
: a word that changes its meaning (and sometimes pronunciation) when it is capitalized, such as March and march or Polish and polish. *
charactonym An aptronym, aptonym, or euonym is a personal name aptly or peculiarly suited to its owner. History The ''Encyclopædia Britannica'' attributes the term to Franklin P. Adams, a writer who coined it as an anagram of ''patronym'', to emphasize "apt" ...
: a name of a fictional character reflected in his personality traits, such as Shakespeare's
Pistol A pistol is a handgun, more specifically one with the chamber integral to its gun barrel with its massive bore and the stacked barrel A barrel or cask is a hollow cylindrical container with a bulging center, longer than it is wide. Th ...
or Bottom (compare with "aptronym") *
choronym Choronym (from gr, χώρα / region or country, and gr, ὄνομα / name) is a linguistic Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Lati ...
: a proper name of a region or a country. * chrematonym: a proper name of a particular (unique) object, natural or artificially made. For example: Hope Diamond (proper name of a famous diamond), Bayeux Tapestry (proper name of a famous tapestry), or Wanamaker Organ (proper name of a famous musical instrument). * chresonym: Biol. use of a taxonomic name; historically sometimes referred to as a synonym. Sometimes divided into orthochresonyms (correct usages) and heterochresonyms (names incorrectly applied). * chrononym: a proper name of a time period, like the Bronze Age, or the Middle Ages. * cometonym: a proper name of a comet. * comonym: a name of a village. * cosmonym: a proper name of a cosmography, cosmic feature, outside Earth. * contronym or antagonym or autoantonym: a word that may have opposite meanings in different contexts, such as ''cleave'' meaning ''"stick together"'' or ''"split apart"'' * cryptonym: a code name; a word or name used clandestinely to refer to another name or word * demonym: a name, derived from a place name, for residents of that place (e.g., ''Utahn'', from Utah, or ''Sioux Cityan'', from Sioux City) — coined by George H. Scheetz, according to Paul Dickson in ''What Do You Call a Person From...? A Dictionary of Resident Names''. The term first appeared in print in 1988 in ''Names' Names: A Descriptive and Prescriptive Onymicon'' by George H. Scheetz. See also taxonym. * dromonym: a name of a road or any other communication or transport route by land, water or air. * drymonym: a proper name of a wood or forest. * ecclesionym: a name of a church. * endochoronym: a choronym (regional or country name) of endonymic (native) origin, created and used by native population as a designation for their region or country. * wikt:endoethnonym, endoethnonym: an ethnonym of endonymic (native) origin, created and used by an ethnic group as a self-designation (see also: autoethnonym). * endolinguonym: a linguonym (language name) of endonymic (native) origin, created and used by native speakers as a designation for their language (see also: autolinguonym). *
endonym An endonym (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 milli ...
: a self-assigned name by locals of a place, or a group of people; formerly also known as ''
autonym Autonym may refer to: * Autonym, the name used by a person to refer to themselves or their language; see Exonym and endonym An endonym (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( ...
'', but that term is polysemic (not to be confused with the Autonym (botany), autonym in botany). * endotoponym: a type of
toponym Toponymy, toponymics, or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''toponyms Toponymy, also toponymics or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''wikt: ...
(place name) of endonymic (native) origin, created and used by native population as a designation for some toponymic feature in their homeland. *
eponym An eponym is a person, place, or thing after whom or which someone or something is, or is believed to be, named. The adjectives derived from eponym include ''eponymous'' and ''eponymic''. Word usage The term ''eponym'' functions in multiple ...
: a botanical, zoological, artwork, or place name that derives from a real or legendary person; a name for a real or hypothetical person from whom a botanical, geographical, artwork or zoological name is derived; a person after whom a medical condition is named, or the condition so named. A type of taxonym. * ergonym: a name of an incorporated work-oriented entity, like a workshop, company or any firm in general. * ethnochoronym: a choronym derived from an ethnonym. * ethnohydronym: a hydronym that is formed from an ethnonym. * ethnonym: a name of an ethnic group. * ethnotoponym: a type of
toponym Toponymy, toponymics, or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''toponyms Toponymy, also toponymics or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''wikt: ...
that is formed from an ethnonym. * exochoronym: a choronym (regional or country name) of exonymic (foreign) origin, created and used by those who don't belong to the native population of a referred territory. * wikt:exoethnonym, exoethnonym: an ethnonym of exonymic (foreign) origin, created and used as a designation for an ethnic group by those who do not belong to it. * exolinguonym: a linguonym (language name) of exonymic (foreign) origin, created and used by those who are not native speakers of that language. * exonym: a name used by one group of people for another group, but who call themselves by a different name, such as "Germans" for "Deutsche"; a place name used by one group that differs from the name used by the people who live there, such as "Cologne" for "''Köln''". * exotoponym: a type of
toponym Toponymy, toponymics, or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''toponyms Toponymy, also toponymics or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''wikt: ...
(place name) of exonymic (foreign) origin, created and used by those who don't belong to the native population of a region in which the referred toponymic feature is located. * gamonym: a name bestowed as a consequence of marriage. Judy Jones married Count Stephen Smith: her gamonyms include Mrs. Stephen Smith, Judy Smith, and Countess Smith. * geonym: a name of a geographic feature, on Earth. * glacionym: a name of a glacier. * glossonym ''or'' glottonym: a name of a language * gynonym: a female name, or a woman's name adopted by a man as a pseudonym. * wikt:hagionym, hagionym: a name of a saint. * wikt:hagiotoponym, hagiotoponym: a type of
toponym Toponymy, toponymics, or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''toponyms Toponymy, also toponymics or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''wikt: ...
(place name) derived from a hagionym (name of a saint). * helonym: a name of a swamp, marsh, or bog. * heterochresonym: (biological taxonomy) see chresonym. * Heteronym (linguistics), heteronym: a word that is spelled in the same way as another but that has a different sound and meaning, for example "bow" as in "bow of a ship" or "bow and arrow" (compare "homonym") * hodonym: a name of a street or road (also odonym). * holonymy, holonym: a word for the whole of which other words are part, in the way ''house'' contains ''roof'', ''door'' and ''window''; or ''car'' contains ''steering-wheel'' and ''engine'' (compare "meronym") * homonym: 1: a: a word pronounced like another, but differing in meaning or derivation or spelling—also known as homophone (to, too, two). b: a word spelled like another, but differing in derivation or meaning or pronunciation—also known as homograph or heteronym (lead, to conduct, and lead, the metal). Compare autantonym, contronym, and heteronym. c: a word spelled and pronounced like another, but differing in meaning (pool of water, and pool, the game). 2: a namesake. 3: Biol. a taxonomic designation that is identical to another one of the same rank, but based on a different type; only one of the homonyms is considered a valid designation (see homonym (biology)). Compare to synonym. * hydronym: a name of river, lake, sea or any other body of water. *
hypernym In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic ...
: sometimes spelled hyperonym, a generic word that stands for a class or group of equally ranked items, such as "tree" for "beech" or "elm," or "house" for "chalet" or "bungalow." A hypernym is said to be "superordinate" to a hyponym. * hypocoronym, hypocorism, or hypocoristic: a colloquial, usually unofficial, name of an entity; a pet-name or "nickname" * hyponym: an item that belongs to and is equally ranked in a generic class or group, for example "lily" or "violet" in the class of "flowers"; or "limousine" or "hatchback" in the class of "automobiles." A hyponym is said to be "subordinate" to a hyperonym. * insulonym: a name of an island. * isonym: 1: a word having the same root or stem as another — also known as paronym. Compare exonym, heteronym, paronym, and synonym. 2: one person's surname that is the same as another person's surname. 3: Biol. a taxonomic designation that is identical to another designation, and based on the same type, but published at a different time by the same or other authors (see isonym (taxonomy)). * limnonym: a name of a lake or a pond. * logonym: a polysemic term, with several meanings. * wikt:linguonym, linguonym: a name of a language * macrotoponym: a type of
toponym Toponymy, toponymics, or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''toponyms Toponymy, also toponymics or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''wikt: ...
that designates an important toponymic feature, that has a wider (regional, national, continental, global) significance. * meronymy, meronym: a word that names a part that belongs to and is therefore subordinate to a larger entity; a part-whole relationship, such as "door" or "window" in "house", or "engine" or "steering-wheel" in "car" (compare "holonym") * meteoronym: a proper name of a meteor. *
metonym Metonymy () is a figure of speech A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is a word or phrase that entails an intentional deviation from ordinary language use in order to produce a rhetoric Rhetoric () is the Art (skill), art of p ...
: a word that substitutes a part for the whole it is associated with, for example "crown" for "monarch"; metonymy is the figure of speech incorporating a metonym * matronym or matronymic: a name of a human being making reference to that person's mother (contrast "patronym") * Mononymous person, mononym: a word indicating the "single name" as generally applied to people e.g. Madonna or Plato. * microtoponym: a type of
toponym Toponymy, toponymics, or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''toponyms Toponymy, also toponymics or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''wikt: ...
that is used locally, as designation for some toponymic feature that has only a local significance. * necronym: a reference to or name of a person who has died. * numeronym: is a number-based word. * oceanonym: a name of an ocean. * odonym: a name of a street or road (also ''hodonym''). * oeconym, oikonym, also (Latinized) oeconym or econym: a name of a house or other building. * oronym (disambiguation), oronym: 1: a name of a hill, mountain, or mountain-range; 2: a neologism for same-sounding (homophonic) words or phrases. * orthochresonym: (biological taxonomy) see chresonym. * paedonymic: a name adopted from one's child's name, as in the Kunya (Arabic), kunya of Islamic names or when one is identified by means of one's child's name ("Tim's dad"). * paronym: a word that is related to another word and derives from the same root; a cognate word, such as ''dubious'' and ''doubtful'' * patronym or patronymic: a name adopted from the father's or ancestor's name, for example "Johnson" from "John," "MacDonald" from "Donald," "O'Brien" from "Brien," or "Ivanovich" from "Ivan" * pelagonym: a name of a sea. * phaleronym: a name of a medal, or any other honorary decoration. * phantonym: a word that looks like it would mean one thing, when in reality it means something completely different. Such as "noisome" meaning "smelly" or "unhealthy" and not "noisy". * wikt:phytonym, phytonym: a name of an individual plant. * planetonym: a proper name of a planet. * Plesionyms, plesionym or Near-synonyms, near-synonym: word that is almost synonymous with another word, but not quite * politonym: a name referring to members of a political entity * potamonym: a name of a river or a stream. * prosoponym: a personal name; full name of an individual person. * pseudonym: a false and fictitious name, especially one adopted by an author; a pen name * retronym: a compound or modified noun that replaces an original simple noun, for example "analog watch" now means what "watch" used to mean before the invention of the digital watch, and motorcycles became "solo motorcycles" when others were built with sidecars * speleonym: a name of a cave or some other subterranean feature. * synonym: 1: a word equivalent in meaning or nearly so to another word; a word that may be substituted for another word that has the same or a similar meaning, such as ''near'' and ''close'' (compare "antonym"). 2: In Biology, one or more names given to the same taxon, and so considered equivalent. Usually, only one of them is considered as correct (senior synonym in animal taxonomy, accepted name in plant taxonomy), while the other are considered deprecated (see synonym (taxonomy)). * tautonym: a binomial nomenclature, binomial or scientific name in the Taxonomy (biology), taxonomy of living things in which the Genus, generic and species, specific names are the same, such as ''Gorilla gorilla''; a scientific name in which the specific name is repeated, such as ''Homo sapiens, Homo sapiens sapiens'' as distinct from ''Homo sapiens neanderthalensis''; a noun component that is repeated, such as ''aye-aye'' or ''tom-tom''; a personal name where both first name, forename and surname are identical, such as ''Francis Francis'' * taxonym: a name used for classification or identification purposes, usually signifying a relationship to something. Taxonyms include binomial name, binomens, names of clades or taxon, taxas, demonyms, ethnonyms, and eponyms. Examples include ''Canidae, canine'', ''Hominidae, hominid'', and ''Dryad''. * Teknonymy, teknonym: a name that refers to a parent by the name of one of their children. * textonym: a word that is generated by a single sequence of numerals keyed in to a mobile telephone; for example, ''726'' produces ''pam'', ''ram'', ''sam'', and ''ran''. Also called homonumeric words. * theonym: a name of a god or a goddess. The names societies give their gods at times is useful in understanding the origin of their language as well as their view of a particular deity. Analysis of theonyms has been useful in understanding the connections of Indo-European languages, and possibly their religions, in particular. In Abrahamic faiths the origin and meaning of the Tetragrammaton is sometimes deemed to have important historical or even metaphysical meaning. * theronym: a name — especially a product name — that has been derived from the name of an animal. * topoanthroponym: an anthroponym that is derived from a toponym.Gary Lefman (2013): Internationalisation of People Names
/ref> * topoethnonym: an ethnonym that is derived from a toponym. *
toponym Toponymy, toponymics, or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''toponyms Toponymy, also toponymics or toponomastics (from grc, τόπος / , 'place', and / , 'name') is the study of ''wikt: ...
: a place name, place or geography, geographical name; the name of an area of the Human body, body, as distinguished from the name of an organ (anatomy), organ * troponym: a verb conveying a meaning that is a particular case of the meaning of another verb. For example, ''to duel'' is a troponym of ''to fight''; ''to write'' is a troponym of ''to communicate''; etc. The concept of ''troponym'' is to verbs as that of ''hyponym'' is to nouns. * urbanonym: a name of an urban element (street, square etc.) in towns and cities. * zoonym: a name of an animal.


References


Citations


Sources

* * * * * * * * * * * * Scheetz, George H. "Onomasticon I." ''Word Ways'', 10 (August 1977): 165–67. Enlarged as "An Onomastic Onomasticon." * . "An Onomastic Onomasticon." ''ANS Bulletin,'' No. 65 (28 October 1981), pp. 4–7. Revised and enlarged as ''Names' Names: A Descriptive and Prescriptive Onymicon.'' * . ''Names' Names: A Descriptive and Prescriptive Onymicon.'' (“What’s In a Name?” Chapbook Series; 2.) Sioux City, Ia.: Schütz Verlag, August 1988. The first separately published, comprehensive historical overview of words ending in ''-onym,'' including an annotated list of 137 such words.


Further reading

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External links


Words That End In nym : Words That End With nym




{{DEFAULTSORT:Onym Suffixes of Greek origin Types of words English suffixes Scientific suffixes Semantic relations