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House Arrest
In justice and law, house arrest (also called home confinement, home detention, or, in modern times, electronic monitoring) is a measure by which a person is confined by the authorities to a residence. Travel is usually restricted, if allowed at all. House
House
arrest is an alternative to prison time or juvenile-detention time. While house arrest can be applied to criminal cases when prison does not seem an appropriate measure, the term is often applied to the use of house confinement as a measure of repression by authoritarian governments against political dissidents. In that case, typically, the person under house arrest does not have access to any means of communication. If electronic communication is allowed, conversations will most likely be monitored
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Gelug
The Gelug
Gelug
(Wyl. dGe-Lugs-Pa) is the newest of the schools of Tibetan Buddhism.[1] It was founded by Je Tsongkhapa
Je Tsongkhapa
(1357–1419), a philosopher and Tibetan religious leader. The first monastery he established was named Ganden
Ganden
(which gives an alternative name to the Gelug
Gelug
school, the Ganden-Pa), and to this day the Ganden Tripa
Ganden Tripa
is the nominal head of the school, though its most influential figure is the Dalai Lama
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Coup D'état
A coup d'état (/ˌkuː deɪˈtɑː/ ( listen); French: [ku deta]), also known simply as a coup, a putsch (/pʊtʃ/), golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.[1]Contents1 Terminology1.1 Etymology 1.2 Use of the phrase 1.3 Putsch 1.4 Pronunciamiento2 History 3 Types 4 Predictors 5 Coup-proofing 6 Democratization 7 Repression after failed coups, and counter-coups 8 International responses 9 In Popular Media 10 Current leaders who assumed power via coups d'état 11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 Bibliography 15 External linksTerminology[edit] Etymology[edit] Coup is when a country or a team attempt at taking something that is not theirs. The phrase coup d'état is French, literally meaning a "stroke of state" or "blow against the state"
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Heads Of State Of Algeria
This is a list of heads of state of Algeria since the formation of the Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic (GPRA) in exile in Cairo, Egypt in 1958 during the Algerian War, through independence in 1962, to the present day. A total of five people have served as President of Algeria (not counting two Presidents of the GPRA and four interim heads of state). Additionally, two persons, Houari Boumediene and Liamine Zéroual, have served both as interim head of state and as President of Algeria.Contents1 Key 2 List 3 Footnotes 4 See also 5 External linksKey[edit]Political parties  National Liberation Front  Party of the Socialist Revolution  National Rally for DemocracyOther factions  MilitaryStatus  Denotes Interim Head of StateList[edit]No. Name (Birth–Death) Position Portrait Elected Term of office Political Party— Ferhat Abbas
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President Of Argentina
The President of the Argentine Nation (Spanish: Presidente de la Nación Argentina), usually known as the President of Argentina, is both head of state and head of government of Argentina. Under the national Constitution, the President is also the chief executive of the federal government and Commander-in-Chief
Commander-in-Chief
of the armed forces. Through Argentine history, the office of the Head of State has undergone many changes, both in its title as in its features and powers
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Derryn Hinch
Derryn Nigel Hinch (born 9 February 1944) is an Australian Senator for Victoria and media personality, best known for his work on Melbourne radio and television. Hinch was elected to the Senate representing Victoria as the head of Derryn Hinch's Justice Party
Derryn Hinch's Justice Party
at the 2016 federal election.[4] Aged 72 at the time, Hinch is the oldest federal parliamentarian ever to be elected for the first time.[5] He remained host of his weekly program Hinch Live
Hinch Live
until the election campaign period officially commenced, in a decision supported by Sky News Live.[6] He has been the host of 3AW's Drive radio show, and a National Public Affairs commentator for the Seven Network
Seven Network
on Sunday Night, Today Tonight and Sunrise. He has also been a police reporter, foreign correspondent, newspaper editor, television show host, actor (usually playing as himself), novelist and vintner
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Gag Orders
A gag order (also known as a gagging order or suppression order) is an order, typically a legal order by a court or government, restricting information or comment from being made public or passed onto any unauthorized third party. The phrase may sometimes be used of a private order by an employer or other institution. Gag orders may be used, for example, to keep legitimate trade secrets of a company, to protect the integrity of ongoing police or military operations, or to protect the privacy of victims or minors. Conversely, as their downside, they may be abused as a useful tool for those of financial means to intimidate witnesses and prevent release of information, using the legal system rather than other methods of intimidation
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Sex Offenders
A sex offender (sexual offender, sex abuser, or sexual abuser) is a person who has committed a sex crime. What constitutes a sex crime differs by culture and legal jurisdiction. Most jurisdictions compile their laws into sections, such as traffic, assault, and sexual[clarification needed]. The majority of convicted sex offenders have convictions for crimes of a sexual nature; however, some sex offenders have simply violated a law contained in a sexual category. Some of the crimes which usually result in a mandatory sex-offender classification are: a second prostitution conviction, sending or receiving obscene content in the form of SMS text messages (sexting), and relationship between young adults and teenagers resulting in corruption of a minor (if the age between them is greater than 1,060 days). If any sexual contact was made by the adult to the minor, then child molestation has occurred
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Nobel Peace Prize
The Nobel Peace
Peace
Prize (Swedish: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature. Since March 1901,[3] it has been awarded annually (with some exceptions) to those who have "done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses".[4] As per Alfred Nobel's will, the recipient is selected by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, a five-member committee appointed by the Parliament of Norway. Since 1990, the prize is awarded on 10 December in Oslo City Hall each year
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Depayin Massacre
Ceasefires · Insurgent groups2010–12 Myanmar
Myanmar
border clashes Campaign at the China–Burma border (1960–61) Communist insurgency Kachin conflict Karen conflict Kokang conflict2009 2015Rohingya conflict1978 1991–92 2016–18Bombings and attacks1947 1983 1999 2003 2005 2010 2010 cyberattacks 2013 2018Lashio SittweProtests and government changes1962 coup d'état 1962 protests 1974 crisis 1988 uprising 1990 election Roadmap to democracy Saffron Revolution 2010 election 2011–15 political reforms 2015 electionAnti-Muslim violence2012 Rakhine State
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Supreme Court Of Chile
The Supreme Court
Court
of Chile
Chile
is the highest court in Chile. It also administrates the lower courts in the nation. It is located in the capital Santiago. In the Chilean system, the court lacks the broader power of judicial review — it cannot set binding precedent or invalidate laws. Instead, it acts on a case-by-case basis. Trials are carried out in salas, chambers of at least five judges, presided over by the most senior member.Contents1 Membership1.1 Current Supreme Court
Court
members2 Notable decisions2.1 Augusto Pinochet 2.2 Gay rights 2.3 Women's health 2.4 Alberto Fujimori3 References 4 External linksMembership[edit] The members of the Supreme Court
Court
are appointed by the President from a list of five choices prepared by the sitting members of the court
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GPS
The Global Positioning System
System
(GPS), originally Navstar GPS,[1] is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States
United States
Air Force.[2] It is a global navigation satellite system that provides geolocation and time information to a GPS receiver
GPS receiver
anywhere on or near the Earth
Earth
where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites.[3] Obstacles such as mountains and buildings block the relatively weak GPS
GPS
signals. The GPS
GPS
does not require the user to transmit any data, and it operates independently of any telephonic or internet reception, though these technologies can enhance the usefulness of the GPS
GPS
positioning information
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Chinese Empire
The earliest known written records of the history of China
China
date from as early as 1250 BC,[1][2] from the Shang dynasty
Shang dynasty
(c. 1600–1046 BC).[3] Ancient historical texts such as the Records of the Grand Historian (c. 100 BC) and the Bamboo Annals (296 BC) describe a Xia dynasty (c. 2070–1600 BC) before the Shang, but no writing is known from the period, and Shang
Shang
writings do not indicate the existence of the Xia.[3][4] The Shang
Shang
ruled in the Yellow River
Yellow River
valley, which is commonly held to be the cradle of Chinese civilization. However, Neolithic
Neolithic
civilizations originated at various cultural centers along both the Yellow River
Yellow River
and Yangtze
Yangtze
River
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General Secretary Of The Communist Party Of China
Current leadershipXi-Li Administration National leadersPresident (list): Xi JinpingVice President (list): Wang QishanProvincial leadersCommunist PartyHistory OrganizationNational Party Congress (19th)Central Committee (19th) General Secretary (list)Xi JinpingCentral Politburo (19th)Standing Committee (list)Central SecretariatTop-ranked secretary: Wang HuningCentral Military CommissionChairman: Xi JinpingVice Chairmen: Xu Qiliang, Zhang YouxiaNational Security CommissionChairman: Xi Jinping Central Commission for Discipline I
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Tiananmen Square Protests Of 1989
"hardliners"Deng Xiaoping Li Peng Yang Shangkun Yao Yilin Chen Yun Qiao Shi Li Ximing Chen Xitong Chi Haotian Liu Huaqing Li Xiannian"moderates"Zhao Ziyang Hu Qili Yan Mingfu Bao Tong Wan Li Xi Zhongxun Xu Qinxianstudent leadersWang Dan Wu'erkaixi Chai Ling Shen Tong Liu Gang Feng Congde Li Lu Wang YoucaiintellectualsLiu Xiaobo Wang Juntao Dai Qing Hou Dejian Cui Jian Zhang BoliCasualtiesDeath(s)218 civilians; 10 PLA soldiers; 13 Peoples' Armed Police (official government figures) 180–10,454[2][3] civilians; ~50 soldiers and policemen (estimates and retracted Chinese Red Cross statement)[4]The Tiananmen Square
Tiananmen Square
protests of 1989, commonly known in mainland China
China
as the June Fourth Incident (六四事件), were student-led demonstrations in Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, in 1989
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Communist Party Of China
The Communist Party of China
China
(CPC), often referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China. The Communist Party is the sole governing party of China, permitting only eight other, subordinated parties to co-exist, those making up the United Front. It was founded in 1921, chiefly by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao. The party grew quickly and by 1949 it had driven the nationalist Kuomintang
Kuomintang
(KMT) government from mainland China
China
after the Chinese Civil War, thus leading to the establishment of the People's Republic of China
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