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The Vulgate (/ˈvʌlɡt, -ɡət/) is a late-4th-century Bible translations into Latin"> Latin translation of the Bible that became the Catholic Church's officially promulgated Latin version of the Bible during the 16th century. The translation was largely the work of St Jerome, who in 382 had been commissioned by Pope Damasus I"> Pope Damasus I to revise the Latin language text" xml:lang="la">Vetus Latina ("Old Latin") Gospels then in use by the Roman Church
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Categories Of New Testament Manuscripts
Outline of Bible-related topics book  Bible book    Bible.malmesbury.arp.jpg Bible portal New Testament manuscripts in Greek are categorized into five groups, according to a scheme introduced in 1981 by Kurt and Barbara Aland in The text of the New Testament. The categories are based on how each manuscript relates to the various text-types. Generally speaking, earlier Alexandrian manuscripts are category I, while later Byzantine manuscripts are category V. Aland's method involved considering 1000 passages where the Byzantine text differs from non-Byzantine text
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Authorship Of The Petrine Epistles
Outline of Bible-related topics book  Bible book    Bible.malmesbury.arp.jpg Bible portal The authorship of the Petrine epistles (First and Second Peter) is an important question in biblical criticism, parallel to that of the authorship of the Pauline epistles, since scholars have long sought to determine who were the exact authors of the New Testament letters
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Authorship Of The Johannine Works
The authorship of the Johannine works—the Gospel of John, Epistles of John"> Epistles of John, and the Book of Revelation">
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Bible Translations
The Bible has been translated into Bible translations by language">many languages from the biblical languages of Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. As of October 2017 the full Bible has been translated into 670 languages, the New Testament alone into 1521 languages and Bible portions or stories into 1121 other languages. Thus at least some portion of the Bible has been translated into 3,312 languages. The Latin Vulgate was dominant in Western Christianity through the Middle Ages. Since then, the Bible has been translated into Bible translations by language">many more languages
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Biblical Manuscript
Outline of Bible-related topics book  Bible book    Bible.malmesbury.arp.jpg Bible portal A biblical manuscript is any handwritten copy of a portion of the text of the Bible. The word Bible comes from the Greek biblia (books); manuscript comes from Latin manu (hand) and scriptum (written). Biblical manuscripts vary in size from tiny scrolls containing individual verses of the Jewish scriptures (see Tefillin) to huge polyglot codices (multi-lingual books) containing both the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) and the New Testament, as well as extracanonical works. The study of biblical manuscripts is important because handwritten copies of books can contain errors
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Samaritan Pentateuch
Outline of Bible-related topics book  Bible book    Bible.malmesbury.arp.jpg Bible portal The Samaritan Pentateuch, also known as the Samaritan Torah (Hebrew: תורה שומרוניתtorah shomronit), is a text of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, written in the Samaritan alphabet and used as scripture by the Samaritans. It constitutes their entire biblical canon. Some six thousand differences exist between the Samaritan and the Masoretic Text. Most are minor variations in the spelling of words or grammatical constructions, but others involve significant semantic changes, such as the uniquely Samaritan commandment to construct an altar on Mount Gerizim. Nearly two thousand of these textual variations agree with the Koine Greek Septuagint and some are shared with the Latin Vulgate
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Dead Sea Scrolls
Dead Sea Scrolls (also Qumran Caves Scrolls) are ancient Jewish religious, mostly Hebrew, manuscripts found in the Qumran Caves">
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Masoretic Text
Outline of Bible-related topics book  Bible book    Bible.malmesbury.arp.jpg Bible portal
The Nash Papyrus (2nd century BCE) contains a portion of a pre-Masoretic Text, specifically the Ten Commandments and the Shema Yisrael prayer.
The Masoretic Text (MT, 𝕸, or ) is the authoritative Hebrew and Aramaic text of the Tanakh for Rabbinic Judaism
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Targum
The targumim (singular: "targum", Hebrew: תרגום‬) were spoken paraphrases, explanations and expansions of the Jewish scriptures (also called the Tanakh) that a rabbi would give in the common language of the listeners, which was then often Aramaic. That had become necessary near the end of the 1st century BCE, as the common language was in transition and Hebrew was used for little more than schooling and worship. The noun "Targum" is derived from the early semitic quadriliteral root trgm, and the Akkadian term targummanu refers to "translator, interpreter". It occurs in the Hebrew Bible in Book of Ezra">Ezra 4:7 "..
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Septuagint
Outline of Bible-related topics book  Bible book    Bible.malmesbury.arp.jpg Bible portal
Fragment of a Septuagint: A column of uncial book from 1 Esdras in the Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209">Codex Vaticanus c. 325–350 CE, the basis of Sir Lancelot Charles Lee Brenton's Greek edition and English translation.
The Septuagint (from the Latin Latin language text" xml:lang="la">septuaginta, "seventy"), also known as the LXX, is a Koine Greek translation of a Hebraic textual tradition that included certain texts which were later included in the canonical Hebrew Bible and other related texts which were not. As the primary Greek translation of the Old Testament, it is also called the Greek Old Testament
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Luther Bible
The Luther Bible (German: Lutherbibel) is a German language Bible translation"> Bible translation from Hebrew and ancient Greek by Martin Luther
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Bible
Outline of Bible-related topics book  Bible book    Bible.malmesbury.arp.jpg Bible portal The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans. Many different authors contributed to the Bible
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Bible Translations Into English
Partial Bible translations"> Bible translations into languages of the English people can be traced back to the late 7th century, including translations into Old and Middle English
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Biblical Studies
Outline of Bible-related topics book  Bible book    Bible.malmesbury.arp.jpg Bible portal Biblical studies is the academic application of a set of diverse disciplines to the study of the Bible (the Tanakh and the New Testament). For its theory and methods, the field draws on disciplines ranging from archaeology, ancient history, cultural backgrounds, textual criticism, literary criticism, historical backgrounds, philology, and social science. Many secular as well as religious universities and colleges offer courses in biblical studies, usually in departments of religious studies, theology, Judaic studies, history, or comparative literature
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