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Speculative Theism
The RIGHT HEGELIANS (German : Rechtshegelianer), OLD HEGELIANS (Althegelianer), or THE HEGELIAN RIGHT (die Hegelsche Rechte), were those followers of German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
in the early 19th century who took his philosophy in a politically and religiously conservative direction. They are typically contrasted with the Young Hegelians
Young Hegelians
, who interpreted Hegel's political philosophy to support innovations in politics or religion. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Speculative theism * 3 References * 4 External links OVERVIEWHegel's historicism holds that both ideas and institutions can only be understood by understanding their history. Throughout his life, Hegel claimed to be an orthodox Lutheran
Lutheran

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Orthodoxy
ORTHODOXY (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία, orthodoxia – "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted creeds , especially in religion. In the Christian sense the term means "conforming to the Christian faith as represented in the creeds of the early Church". The first seven Ecumenical Councils were held between the years of 325 and 787 with the aim of formalizing accepted doctrines. In some English speaking countries, Jews who adhere to all the traditions and commandments of the Torah
Torah
are often called Orthodox Jews , though the term "orthodox" historically first described Christian beliefs
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Historicism
HISTORICISM is the idea of attributing meaningful significance to space and time, such as historical period, geographical place, and local culture. Historicism
Historicism
tends to be hermeneutical because it values cautious, rigorous, and contextualized interpretation of information; or relativist , because it rejects notions of universal, fundamental and immutable interpretations. The approach varies from individualist theories of knowledge such as empiricism and rationalism , which neglect the role of traditions . The term "historicism" (Historismus) was coined by German philosopher Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel
Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel
. Over time it has developed different and somewhat divergent meanings. Elements of historicism appear in the writings of French essayist Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592) and Italian philosopher G. B
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Lutheran
LUTHERANISM is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar , ecclesiastical reformer and theologian. Luther's efforts to reform the theology and practice of the Catholic Church launched the Protestant Reformation in the German-speaking territories of the Holy Roman Empire . Beginning with the Ninety-Five Theses , first published in 1517, Luther's writings were disseminated internationally, spreading the early ideas of the Reformation beyond the influence and control of the Roman Curia and the Holy Roman Emperor
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The Absolute
In philosophy , metaphysics , religion , spirituality , and other contexts, the ABSOLUTE is a term for the most real being . The Absolute is conceived as being itself or perhaps the being that transcends and comprehends all other beings. While there is agreement that there must be some fundamental reality, there is disagreement as to what exactly that might be. For example, some theist philosophers argue that the most real being is a personal God
God
. Some pantheist philosophers argue that the most real being is an impersonal existence, such as reality or awareness. Others (such as perennial philosophers ) argue that various similar terms and concepts designate to the same Absolute entity. Atheist, agnostic, and scientific pantheist philosophers might argue that some mathematical property or natural law such as gravity or simply nature itself is the most real being
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Sovereign State
A SOVEREIGN STATE is, in international law , a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area. International law
International law
defines sovereign states as having a permanent population, defined territory, one government , and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states . It is also normally understood that a sovereign state is neither dependent on nor subjected to any other power or state . The existence or disappearance of a state is a question of fact . While according to the declarative theory of statehood, a sovereign state can exist without being recognised by other sovereign states , unrecognised states will often find it hard to exercise full treaty-making powers and engage in diplomatic relations with other sovereign states
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Political Philosophy
POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY, or POLITICAL THEORY, is the study of topics such as politics , liberty , justice , property , rights , law , and the enforcement of a legal code by authority : what they are, why (or even if) they are needed, what, if anything, makes a government legitimate , what rights and freedoms it should protect and why, what form it should take and why, what the law is, and what duties citizens owe to a legitimate government, if any, and when it may be legitimately overthrown, if ever. In a vernacular sense, the term "political philosophy" often refers to a general view, or specific ethic, political belief or attitude, about politics, synonymous to the term "political ideology "
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Conservative
CONSERVATISM is a political and social philosophy that promotes retaining traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization . By some definitions, conservatives have variously sought to preserve institutions including religion , monarchy , parliamentary government , property rights and the social hierarchy , emphasizing stability and continuity, while the more extreme elements called reactionaries oppose modernism and seek a return to "the way things were". The first established use of the term in a political context originated with François-René de Chateaubriand in 1818, during the period of Bourbon restoration
Bourbon restoration
that sought to roll back the policies of the French Revolution
French Revolution
. The term, historically associated with right-wing politics , has since been used to describe a wide range of views
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German Idealism
GERMAN IDEALISM (also known as POST-KANTIAN IDEALISM, POST-KANTIAN PHILOSOPHY, or simply POST-KANTIANISM ) was a philosophical movement that emerged in Germany
Germany
in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. It began as a reaction to Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant
's Critique of Pure Reason
Critique of Pure Reason
and was closely linked with both Romanticism
Romanticism
and the revolutionary politics of the Enlightenment . The most notable thinkers in the movement were Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Johann Gottlieb Fichte
, Friedrich Schelling
Friedrich Schelling
and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel , while Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi , Gottlob Ernst Schulze , Karl Leonhard Reinhold and Friedrich Schleiermacher also made major contributions
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Young Hegelians
The YOUNG HEGELIANS (German : Junghegelianer), or LEFT HEGELIANS (Linkshegelianer), or THE HEGELIAN LEFT (die Hegelsche Linke), were a group of German intellectuals who, in the decade or so after the death of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
in 1831, reacted to and wrote about his ambiguous legacy. The Young Hegelians
Young Hegelians
drew on his idea that the purpose and promise of history was the total negation of everything conducive to restricting freedom and reason; and they proceeded to mount radical critiques, first of religion and then of the Prussian political system. They rejected anti-utopian aspects of his thought that "Old Hegelians" have interpreted to mean that the world has already essentially reached perfection
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German Language
No official regulation ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography )
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Germany
Coordinates : 51°N 9°E / 51°N 9°E / 51; 9 Federal Republic
Republic
of Germany Bundesrepublik Deutschland (German ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit " (de facto) "Unity and Justice and Freedom" ANTHEM: " Deutschlandlied
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Statism
In political science , STATISM is the belief that the state should control either economic or social policy , or both, to some degree. While the term "statism" has been in use since the 1850s, it gained significant usage in American political discourse throughout the 1930s and 1940s. Ayn Rand
Ayn Rand
made frequent use of it in a series of articles in 1962. CONTENTS * 1 Forms of statism * 2 State, society and individuals * 3 Economic
Economic
statism * 3.1 State interventionism * 3.2 State socialism * 3.3 State capitalism
State capitalism
* 4 See also * 5 References FORMS OF STATISM Statism can take many forms from minarchism to totalitarianism . Minarchists prefer a minimal state such as a night-watchman state to protect people from aggression , theft , breach of contract , and fraud with military , police , and courts
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Nation
A NATION is a stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, ethnicity and/or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture . A nation is distinct from a people , and is more abstract, and more overtly political than an ethnic group . It is a cultural-political community that has become conscious of its autonomy, unity, and particular interests. Black\'s Law Dictionary defines a nation as: A people, or aggregation of men, existing in the form of an organized jural society, usually inhabiting a distinct portion of the earth, speaking the same language, using the same customs, possessing historic continuity, and distinguished from other like groups by their racial origin and characteristics, and generally, but not necessarily, living under the same government and sovereignty
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Zeitgeist
The ZEITGEIST (SPIRIT OF THE AGE or SPIRIT OF THE TIME) is the dominant set of ideals and beliefs that motivate the actions of the members of a society in a particular period in time. For example, the Zeitgeist of modernism motivated the creation of new forms in the fields of architecture, art, and fashion during much of the 20th century. Zeitgeist is a powerful force embedded in the individuals of a society. The German word Zeitgeist, translated literally as "time mind" or "time spirit", is often attributed to the philosopher Georg Hegel , but he never actually used the word. In his works such as Lectures on the Philosophy of History , he uses the phrase der Geist seiner Zeit (the spirit of his time)—for example, "no man can surpass his own time, for the spirit of his time is also his own spirit." Other philosophers who were associated with such ideas include Herder and Spencer and Voltaire
Voltaire

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Employment
EMPLOYMENT is a relationship between two parties , usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation , for profit , not-for-profit organization , co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee . Employees work in return for payment , which may be in the form of an hourly wage, by piecework or an annual salary , depending on the type of work an employee does or which sector she or he is working in. Employees in some fields or sectors may receive gratuities , bonus payment or stock options . In some types of employment, employees may receive benefits in addition to payment. Benefits can include health insurance , housing , disability insurance or use of a gym. Employment is typically governed by employment laws or regulations or legal contracts
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