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Shell Corporation
A shell company is a company that exists only on paper and has no office and no employees, but may have a bank account or may hold passive investments or be the registered owner of assets, such as intellectual property, or ships. Shell companies may be registered to the address of a company that provides a service setting up shell companies, and which may act as the agent for receipt of legal correspondence (such as an accountant or lawyer). The company may serve as a vehicle for business transactions without itself having any significant assets or operations. Sometimes, shell companies are used for tax evasion, tax avoidance, and money laundering, or to achieve a specific goal such as anonymity. Anonymity may be sought to shield personal assets from others, such as a spouse when a marriage is breaking down, from creditors, from government authorities, besides others. Shell companies do have legitimate business purposes
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Sega Sammy Holdings
Sega Sammy Holdings Inc. (株式会社セガサミーホールディングス, Kabushiki Gaisha Sega Samī Hōrudingusu, TYO: 6460) is a Japanese consolidated holding company formed from the merger of Sega and Sammy in 2004. Both companies are involved in the amusement business (Sega with arcade games, Sammy with pachinko machines), and Sega's fame also comes from their video game franchises and home consoles. The Sega Sammy logo is a design based on the letter “S,” the initial letter of both companies’ names. The synergy generated by the integration of the two companies are represented by a combination of blue and green, which are the companies’ corporate colors
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2016 Indian Banknote Demonetisation
Early political career
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Premiership

Special Purpose Entity
A special-purpose entity (SPE; or, in Europe and India, special-purpose vehicle/SPV, or, in some cases in each EU jurisdiction – FVC, financial vehicle corporation) is a legal entity (usually a limited company of some type or, sometimes, a limited partnership) created to fulfill narrow, specific or temporary objectives. SPEs are typically used by companies to isolate the firm from financial risk. A formal definition is "The Special Purpose Entity is a fenced organization having limited predefined purposes and a legal personality". Normally a company will transfer assets to the SPE for management or use the SPE to finance a large project thereby achieving a narrow set of goals without putting the entire firm at risk. SPEs are also commonly used in complex financings to separate different layers of equity infusion. Commonly created and registered in tax havens, SPEs allow tax avoidance strategies unavailable in the home district
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Royal Dutch Shell
Royal Dutch Shell plc (LSERDSA, RDSB), commonly known as Shell, is a British–Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom. It is one of the six oil and gas "supermajors" and the sixth-largest company in the world measured by 2016 revenues (and the largest based in Europe). Shell was first in the 2013 Fortune Global 500 list of the world's largest companies; in that year its revenues were equivalent to 84% of the Netherlands' $556 billion GDP. Shell is vertically integrated and is active in every area of the oil and gas industry, including exploration and production, refining, transport, distribution and marketing, petrochemicals, power generation and trading
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IXIT Corporation
iXIT Corporation (iXIT株式会社, Kabushiki gaisha iXIT Kōporēshon), formerly known as Index Corporation (株式会社インデックス, Kabushiki gaisha Indekkusu Kōporēshon), is a Japanese corporate information and communications technology company owned by Sawada Holdings. "Index Corporation" was a corporate name used by three different Japanese companies, between 1997 and 2016, the last one being founded in April 2014. All three incarnations of Index Corporation have been linked to the video game brand Atlus at one time or another. The original Index Corporation was founded in 1995 and acquired Atlus in 2006. It went bankrupt in June 2013 while still owning Atlus. In September 2013, Sega created the shell corporation Sega Dream Corporation with the sole intent of purchasing the assets of Index Corporation. Sega Dream was renamed Index Corporation in November 2013 and gained possession of Atlus' name and intellectual properties
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Pump And Dump
"Pump and dump" (P&D) is a form of securities fraud that involves artificially inflating the price of an owned stock through false and misleading positive statements, in order to sell the cheaply purchased stock at a higher price. Once the operators of the scheme "dump" sell their overvalued shares, the price falls and investors lose their money. This is most common with small cap cryptocurrencies and very small corporations, i.e
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Royalties
A royalty is a payment made by one party, the licensee or franchisee to another that owns a particular asset, the licensor or franchisor for the right to ongoing use of that asset. Royalties are typically agreed upon as a percentage of gross or net revenues derived from the use of an asset or a fixed price per unit sold of an item of such, but there are also other modes and metrics of compensation. A royalty interest is the right to collect a stream of future royalty payments. A license agreement defines the terms under which a resource or property are licensed by one party to another, either without restriction or subject to a limitation on term, business or geographic territory, type of product, etc. License agreements can be regulated, particularly where a government is the resource owner, or they can be private contracts that follow a general structure
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Copyrights
Copyright is a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights for its use and distribution. This is usually only for a limited time. The exclusive rights are not absolute but limited by limitations and exceptions to copyright law, including fair use. A major limitation on copyright is that copyright protects only the original expression of ideas, and not the underlying ideas themselves. Copyright is a form of intellectual property, applicable to certain forms of creative work. Some, but not all jurisdictions require "fixing" copyrighted works in a tangible form
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Securities And Exchange Board Of India
The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is the regulator for the securities market in India
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Transfer Pricing
In taxation and accounting, transfer pricing refers to the rules and methods for pricing transactions between enterprises under common ownership or control
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Alternative Public Offering
An alternative public offering (APO) is the combination of a reverse merger with a simultaneous private investment of public equity (PIPE)
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Internal Competition
In business, self-competition is competition by a company with itself for customers. This can include one product or retail location competing with another
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Offshore Company
The term "offshore company" or "offshore corporation" is used in at least two distinct and different ways. An offshore company may be a reference to:
  • International business companies (IBC) or other types of legal entities, which are incorporated under the laws of a jurisdiction, that prohibits local economic activities.
  • ---> The former use (companies formed in offshore jurisdictions) is probably the more common usage of the term
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