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Chalcis
CHALCIS (/ˈkælsᵻs/ ; Ancient Greek "> View of the Roman aqueduct The earliest recorded mention of Chalcis
Chalcis
is in the Iliad
Iliad
, where it is mentioned in the same line as its rival Eretria . It is also documented that the ships set for the Trojan War gathered at Aulis, the south bank of the strait nearby the city. Chamber tombs at Trypa and Vromousa dated to the Mycenaean period were excavated by Papavasiliou in 1910. In the 8th and 7th centuries BC, colonists from Chalcis
Chalcis
founded thirty townships on the peninsula of Chalcidice
Chalcidice
and several important cities in Magna Graecia , such as Naxos , Rhegion and Cumae
Cumae

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Bronze
BRONZE is an alloy consisting primarily of copper , commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium , manganese , nickel or zinc ) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic , phosphorus or silicon . These additions produce a range of alloys that may be harder than copper alone, or have other useful properties, such as stiffness, ductility , or machinability. The archeological period where bronze was the hardest metal in widespread use is known as the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
. In the ancient Near East this began with the rise of Sumer
Sumer
in the 4th millennium BC, with India and China starting to use bronze around the same time; everywhere it gradually spread across regions
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Middle Ages
In the history of Europe , the MIDDLE AGES (or MEDIEVAL PERIOD) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
and merged into the Renaissance
Renaissance
and the Age of Discovery . The Middle Ages
Middle Ages
is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity , the medieval period, and the modern period . The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early , High , and Late Middle Ages
Late Middle Ages
. Population decline , counterurbanisation , invasion, and movement of peoples, which had begun in Late Antiquity , continued in the Early Middle Ages
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Greek Language
GREEK ( Modern Greek : ελληνικά , elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα ( listen ), ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece
Greece
and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean . It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary , were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin
Latin
, Cyrillic
Cyrillic
, Armenian , Coptic , Gothic and many other writing systems
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Katharevousa
KATHAREVOUSA (Greek : Καθαρεύουσα, pronounced , literally "purifying "), is a form of the Modern Greek language
Greek language
conceived in the early 19th century as a compromise between Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
and the Demotic Greek of the time. Originally, it was widely used both for literary and official purposes, though seldom in daily language. In the 20th century, it was increasingly adopted for official and formal purposes, until Demotic Greek became the official language of Greece in 1976 by minister of education Georgios Rallis and later in 1982 Andreas Papandreou
Andreas Papandreou
abolished the polytonic system of writing both Demotic and Katharevousa. Katharevousa was conceived by the intellectual and revolutionary leader Adamantios Korais (1748–1833)
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Telephone Numbers In Greece
This is a LIST OF DIALING CODES IN GREECE. The first digit represents type of service. 1 is used for short codes, 2 for geographical numbers (3 and 4 are reserved for that purpose too), 5 is used for inter-network routing purposes (non-dialable codes) and VPNs, 6 for mobile services, 7 is reserved for universal access numbers (not active), 8 for reduced-fee services (like 800 toll-free, 801 local call, 89 dial-up and data services), 9 is used for premium rate services (901 for general purpose and 909 for adult-only services). All dialable numbers are ten digits, except for short codes (3–5 digits in the 1 range), 807-XXXX (seven digits) used for calling card access codes, and numbers in the 5 range, used for routing purposes and not dialable by end-subscribers
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Vehicle Registration Plates Of Greece
GREEK VEHICLE REGISTRATION PLATES are composed of three letters and four digits per plate (e.g. ΑΑΑ-1000) printed in black on a white background. The letters represent the district (prefecture ) that issues the plates while the numbers begin from 1000 to 9999. As from 2004, a blue strip was added on the left showing the country code of Greece
Greece
(GR) in white text and the Flag of Europe
Flag of Europe
. Similar plates with digits beginning from 1 to 999 are issued for motorcycles which exceed 50 cc. With the exception of Athens
Athens
and Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
, all districts are represented by the first 2 letters. The final letter in the sequence changes in Greek alphabetical order after 9,000 issued plates. For example, Patras plates are ΑΧΑ-1000, where Α Χ represents the Achaia prefecture of which Patras is the capital
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Iliad
Achilles
Achilles
tending the wounded Patroclus
Patroclus
(Attic red-figure kylix , c. 500 BC) THE WAR SETTING: Troy
Troy
(modern Hisarlik , Turkey
Turkey
) PERIOD: Bronze Age
Bronze Age
TRADITIONAL DATING: c. 1194–1184 BC MODERN DATING: c
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Trojan War
SETTING: Troy (modern Hisarlik , Turkey ) PERIOD: Bronze Age TRADITIONAL DATING: c. 1194–1184 BC MODERN DATING: c
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Achaea (Roman Province)
ACHAEA or ACHAIA, sometimes transliterated from Greek as AKHAïA (Greek : Αχαΐα Achaïa, ), was a province of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, consisting of the Peloponnese
Peloponnese
, eastern Central Greece
Greece
, and parts of Thessaly
Thessaly
. In the north, it bordered on the provinces of Epirus
Epirus
vetus and Macedonia . The region was annexed by the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
in 146 BC following the sack of Corinth
Corinth
by the Roman general Lucius Mummius , who was awarded the cognomen "Achaicus" ("conqueror of Achaea"). It became part of the Roman province
Roman province
of Macedonia , which included the whole of mainland Greece
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Triarchy Of Negroponte
The TRIARCHY OF NEGROPONTE was a crusader state established on the island of Euboea
Euboea
(Italian : Negroponte) after the partition of the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
following the Fourth Crusade
Fourth Crusade
. Partitioned into three baronies (terzieri, "thirds") (Chalkis, Karystos and Oreos) run by a few interrelated Lombard families, the island soon fell under the influence of the Republic of Venice
Republic of Venice
. From circa 1390, the island became a regular Venetian colony as the KINGDOM OF NEGROPONTE (Regno di Negroponte)
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Mithradates VI Of Pontus
MITHRIDATES VI or MITHRADATES VI (; Greek : Μιθραδάτης, Μιθριδάτης), from Old Persian Miθradāta, "gift of Mithra "; 135–63 BC, also known as MITHRADATES THE GREAT (MEGAS) and EUPATOR DIONYSIUS, was king of Pontus and Armenia Minor in northern Anatolia
Anatolia
(now Turkey
Turkey
) from about 120–63 BC. Mithridates is remembered as one of the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
’s most formidable and successful enemies, who engaged three of the prominent generals from the late Roman Republic
Roman Republic
in the Mithridatic Wars : Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Sulla
, Lucius Licinius Lucullus
Lucullus
and Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus . He is often considered the greatest ruler of the Kingdom of Pontus
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Delian League
The DELIAN LEAGUE, founded in 478 BC, was an association of Greek city-states , members numbering between 150, 173, to 330 under the leadership of Athens , whose purpose was to continue fighting the Persian Empire after the Greek victory in the Battle of Plataea at the end of the Second Persian invasion of Greece . The League's modern name derives from its official meeting place, the island of Delos , where congresses were held in the temple and where the treasury stood until, in a symbolic gesture, Pericles moved it to Athens in 454 BC. Shortly after its inception, Athens began to use the League's navy for its own purposes – which led to its naming by historians as the ATHENIAN EMPIRE. This behavior frequently led to conflict between Athens and the less powerful members of the League
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Purple
PURPLE is a color intermediate between blue and red . It is similar to violet , but unlike violet, which is a spectral color with its own wavelength on the visible spectrum of light, purple is a composite color made by combining red and blue. According to surveys In Europe and the U.S., purple is the color most often associated with royalty, magic, mystery and piety. When combined with pink, it is associated with eroticism , femininity and seduction . Purple
Purple
was the color worn by Roman magistrates; it became the imperial color worn by the rulers of the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
and the Holy Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, and later by Roman Catholic
Catholic
bishops . Similarly in Japan, the color is traditionally associated with the Emperor and aristocracy. The complementary color of purple is yellow
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Mediterranean
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia
Anatolia
, on the south by North Africa
North Africa
, and on the east by the Levant
Levant
. Although the sea is sometimes considered a part of the Atlantic Ocean, it is usually identified as a separate body of water. Geological evidence indicates that around 5.9 million years ago, the Mediterranean was cut off from the Atlantic and was partly or completely desiccated over a period of some 600,000 years before being refilled by the Zanclean flood about 5.3 million years ago. The name Mediterranean is derived from the Latin
Latin
mediterraneus, meaning "inland" or "in the middle of land" (from medius, "middle" and terra, "land")
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Postal Codes In Greece
The GREEK POSTAL CODE SYSTEM is administered by ELTA (Ελληνικά Ταχυδρομεία, Hellenic Post ). Each city street or rural region has a unique five-digit number. The first three digits identify the city, municipality or prefecture. In major cities, the final two digits identify streets or portions of streets. Postal codes beginning with the digits between 100 and 180 are used for the city of Athens
Athens
; the beginning sequences 180 to 199 are used for other parts of the prefecture of Attica
Attica
, with the exception of Corfu
Corfu
and Rhodes
Rhodes
. A complicated system relates the numbers used for the second and third digits to the numbers used in the fourth and fifth digits. * In less populated areas, the third digit is always a 0, while the final two digits identify municipalities in the prefecture
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