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Auslan
AUSLAN /ˈɒz læn/ is the sign language of the Australian Deaf community . The term Auslan
Auslan
is an acronym of "AUstralian Sign LANguage", coined by Trevor Johnston in the early 1980s, although the language itself is much older. Auslan
Auslan
is related to British Sign Language
Language
(BSL) and New Zealand Sign Language
Language
(NZSL); the three have descended from the same parent language , and together comprise the BANZSL language family. Auslan
Auslan
has also been influenced by Irish Sign Language
Language
(ISL) and more recently has borrowed signs from American Sign Language
Language
(ASL). As with other sign languages, Auslan's grammar and vocabulary is quite distinct from English
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NAATI
The NATIONAL ACCREDITATION AUTHORITY FOR TRANSLATORS AND INTERPRETERS LTD (known as NAATI) is the national standards and accreditation body for translators and interpreters in Australia. NAATI's mission, as outlined in the NAATI Constitution, is to set and maintain high national standards in translating and interpreting to enable the existence of a pool of accredited translators and interpreters responsive to the changing needs and demography of the Australian community. The core focus of the company is issuing credentials (known as accreditations or recognitions) for practitioners who wish to work as translators and interpreters in Australia. CONTENTS * 1 Current Structure * 2 Operational functions * 3 Outline of NAATI credentials * 4 References CURRENT STRUCTURENAATI is a profit company that is jointly owned by the Commonwealth , State and Territory governments of Australia. It is governed by a board of directors who are appointed by the members
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Dictionary
A DICTIONARY is a collection of words in one or more specific languages , often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions , usage, etymologies , phonetics , pronunciations , translation, etc. or a book of words in one language with their equivalents in another, sometimes known as a lexicon . It is a lexicographical product which shows inter-relationships among the data. A broad distinction is made between general and specialized dictionaries . Specialized dictionaries include words in specialist fields, rather than a complete range of words in the language. Lexical items that describe concepts in specific fields are usually called terms instead of words, although there is no consensus whether lexicology and terminology are two different fields of study
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Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (Australia)
The DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION ACT 1992 is an act passed by the Parliament of Australia
Parliament of Australia
in 1992 which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, education, publicly-available premises, provision of goods and services, accommodation, clubs and associations, and other contexts. Discrimination is defined to include failing to make reasonable adjustments for the person. Complaints made under the Act are made to the Australian Human Rights Commission
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Second Language
A person's SECOND LANGUAGE or L2, is a language that is not the native language of the speaker, but that is used in the locale of that person. In contrast, a foreign language is a language that is learned in an area where that language is not generally spoken. Some languages, often called auxiliary languages , are used primarily as second languages or lingua francas . More informally, a second language can be said to be any language learned in addition to one's native language, especially in the context of second language acquisition , (that is, learning a new foreign language). A person's first language is not necessarily their dominant language, the one they use most or are most comfortable with. For example, the Canadian census defines first language for its purposes as "the first language learned in childhood and still spoken", recognizing that for some, the earliest language may be lost, a process known as language attrition
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Interpreters
INTERPRETATION or INTERPRETING is oral translation of speech or sign from a language into another. Translation
Translation
studies is the systematic study of the theory, description and application of interpretation and translation . An interpreter is a person who converts a thought or expression in a source language into an expression with a comparable meaning in a target language either simultaneously in "real time" or consecutively when the speaker pauses after completing one or two sentences. The interpreter's objective is to convey every semantic element as well as tone and register and every intention and feeling of the message that the source-language speaker is directing to target-language recipients (except in summary interpretation, used sometimes in conferences) For written speeches and lectures, sometimes the reading of pre-translated texts is used
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Australian Government
The GOVERNMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA (also referred to as the AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT, the COMMONWEALTH GOVERNMENT, or the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT) is the government of the Commonwealth of Australia
Australia
, a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy . The Commonwealth of Australia
Australia
was formed in 1901 as a result of an agreement among six self-governing British colonies , which became the six states. The terms of this contract are embodied in the Australian Constitution , which was drawn up at a Constitutional Convention and ratified by the people of the colonies at referendums
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Frederick J Rose
FREDERICK JOHN ROSE (21 September 1831 – 1 December 1920 ) was the Headmaster-Superintendent of Victorian School for Deaf Children (formerly the Victorian Deaf and Dumb Institution) from 1860 to 1891. BIOGRAPHYBorn in England
England
in 1831, Rose was profoundly deaf. He travelled to Victoria , Australia
Australia
, with his brother during the 1850s gold rush , but after no initial success, the brothers worked in construction. After reading a letter written by the widowed mother of a deaf child that published in Melbourne
Melbourne
's The Argus in 1859, Rose took an interest in educational services for disabled children in the colony. At the time, children requiring specialist education were expected to travel to England. In 1860, Rose began teaching pupils in a small house in Windsor , a suburb of Melbourne, however the number of students continued to grow, causing the location to change several times
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Young Australian Of The Year
The AUSTRALIAN OF THE YEAR is an award conferred on an Australian citizen by the National Australia Day
Australia Day
Council , a not-for-profit Australian Government
Australian Government
–owned social enterprise
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Government Of Australia
The GOVERNMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA (also referred to as the AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT, the COMMONWEALTH GOVERNMENT, or the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT) is the government of the Commonwealth of Australia
Australia
, a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy . The Commonwealth of Australia
Australia
was formed in 1901 as a result of an agreement among six self-governing British colonies , which became the six states. The terms of this contract are embodied in the Australian Constitution , which was drawn up at a Constitutional Convention and ratified by the people of the colonies at referendums
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TAFE
In Australia
Australia
, TECHNICAL AND FURTHER EDUCATION or TAFE (/ˈteɪf/ ) institutions provide a wide range of predominantly vocational tertiary education courses, mostly qualifying courses under the National Training System / Australian Qualifications Framework
Australian Qualifications Framework
/Australian Quality Training Framework. Fields covered include business, finance, hospitality, tourism, construction, engineering, visual arts, information technology and community work. Individual TAFE institutions (usually with numerous campuses) are known as either colleges or institutes, depending on the state or territory. TAFE colleges are owned, operated and financed by the various state and territory governments. This is in contrast to the university sector, whose funding is predominantly the domain of the federal government and whose universities are predominantly owned by the state governments
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Community Television In Australia
COMMUNITY TELEVISION IN AUSTRALIA (CTV) is a form of free-to-air non-commercial citizen media in which a television station is owned, operated and/or programmed by a community group to provide local programming to its broadcast area. In principle, community television is another model of facilitating media production and involvement by private citizens and can be likened to public-access television in the United States and community television in Canada . Each station is a not-for-profit entity and is subject to specific provisions of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992 . A Code of Conduct, registered with the Australian Communications and Media Authority , provides additional regulation of the sector. The community television stations operate independently so they are technically not a network (in the commonly held definition of the term)
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Edinburgh
EDINBURGH (/ˈɛdɪnb(ə)rə/ ( listen ); Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
: Dùn Èideann ; Scots : Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland
Scotland
and one of its 32 council areas . It is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth 's southern shore. Recognised as the capital of Scotland
Scotland
since at least the 15th century, Edinburgh
Edinburgh
is home to the Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
and the seat of the monarchy in Scotland. Historically part of Midlothian
Midlothian
, the city has long been a centre of education, particularly in the fields of medicine, Scots law , literature, the sciences and engineering
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New South Wales
NEW SOUTH WALES (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of Australia
Australia
. It borders Queensland
Queensland
to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia
Australia
to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
to the east. The Australian Capital Territory
Australian Capital Territory
is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney
Sydney
, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2017 , the population of New South Wales
Wales
was over 7.8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 4.67 million, live in the Greater Sydney
Sydney
area. Inhabitants of New South Wales
Wales
are referred to as New South Welshmen
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Victoria (Australia)
VICTORIA (abbreviated as VIC) is a state in southeastern Australia
Australia
. Victoria is Australia's most densely populated state and its second-most populous state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay , which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Melbourne , Australia's second-largest city. Geographically the smallest state on the Australian mainland, Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania
Tasmania
to the south, New South Wales
New South Wales
is to the north, the Tasman Sea is to the east, and South Australia
Australia
is to the west
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Second Fleet (Australia)
The SECOND FLEET is the name of the second fleet of ships sent with settlers, convicts and supplies to the colony at Sydney Cove
Sydney Cove
in Port Jackson , Australia
Australia
. The fleet comprised six ships: one Royal Navy escort, four convict ships, and a supply ship. The ships were intended to sail to Australia
Australia
together, arriving at Sydney Cove
Sydney Cove
in 1789. However the escort was disabled en route and failed to make the destination, and one convict ship which was delayed arrived two months after the other ships. Unlike the preceding First Fleet
First Fleet
, where great efforts were taken to ensure the health of the convicts, the Second Fleet was contracted to private businesses who kept the convicts in horrific conditions. Upon arrival the sickly convicts were a drain on the already struggling colony
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