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Arnauts
ARNAUT (ارناود) is a Turkish ethnonym used to denote Albanians . Arvanid (اروانيد), Arnavud (آرناوود), plural: Arnavudlar (آرناوودلار): modern Turkish : ARNAVUT, plural: Arnavutlar; are ethnoyms used mainly by Ottoman and contemporary Turks for Albanians
Albanians
with Arnavutça being called the Albanian language. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Usage * 3 Surnames derived from the word * 4 See also * 5 References ETYMOLOGYThese ethnonyms are derived from the Greek term Arvanites
Arvanites
and entered Turkish after the syllable cluster van was rearranged through metathesis to nav giving the final Turkish forms as Arnavut and Arnaut. Meanwhile, in Greek language
Greek language
the name Arvanitis was derived from the original name Alvanitis (in return derived from Alvanos )
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Albanians In Turkey
ALBANIANS IN TURKEY (Albanian : Shqiptarët në Turqi, Turkish : Türkiye'deki Arnavutlar) are ethnic Albanian citizens and denizens of Turkey
Turkey
. They consist of Albanians
Albanians
who arrived during the Ottoman period, Kosovar /Macedonian and Tosk Cham Albanians
Albanians
fleeing from Serbian and Greek persecution after the beginning of the Balkan Wars
Balkan Wars
, alongside some Albanians
Albanians
from Montenegro and Albania
Albania
proper. A 2008 report from the Turkish National Security Council
Turkish National Security Council
(MGK) estimated that approximately 1.3 million people of Albanian ancestry live in Turkey, and more than 500,000 recognizing their ancestry, language and culture
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Albania (placename)
The toponym ALBANIA may indicate several different geographical regions: a country in the Balkans
Balkans
; an ancient land in the Caucasus
Caucasus
; as well as Scotland
Scotland
, Albania
Albania
being a Latinization of a Gaelic name for Scotland, Alba
Alba
; and even a city in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of New York
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Arnautović
ARNAUTOVIć (Serbian Cyrillic : Арнаутовић) is a Serbo-Croatian surname, borne by ethnic Serbs
Serbs
, and to a lesser extent Bosniaks , derived from the word " Arnaut
Arnaut
", an Ottoman term used to denote Albanians
Albanians
or people from Albania
Albania
; though in Serbo-Croatian usage, the word Arnaut(in) was also used as a pejorative , meaning "evil", "malicious" and "murderous", used as a nickname - for instance, Serbian families got this surname from an ancestor who was a murderer and was nicknamed "Arnautin". It was also simply given to Serb immigrants from Albanian-inhabited areas (arnautluk), or from near Albanian-inhabited areas. A Jovan Radić, a Serb, is recorded with the byname Arnautović in 1682. At least 254 individuals with the surname died at the Jasenovac concentration camp
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Arabic Language
ARABIC ( Arabic
Arabic
: العَرَبِيَّة‎, al-ʻarabiyyah ( listen ) or Arabic
Arabic
: عَرَبِيّ‎ ʻarabī ( listen ) or ) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world
Arab world
. It is named after the Arabs
Arabs
, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula . The modern written language ( Modern Standard Arabic ) is derived from Classical Arabic . It is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media
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Albanians In Ukraine
The ALBANIANS IN UKRAINE (Ukrainian : Албанці, Albantsi) are an ethnic minority group located mainly in Zaporizhia Oblast and Budjak
Budjak
. They descend from Albanian warriors who fought against the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
in the Russo-Turkish wars and were allowed to settle in the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
in the 18th century
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Albania Under The Ottoman Empire
OTTOMAN ALBANIA comprised Albania
Albania
during the period it was part of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
, from 1385 to 1912. Ottoman rule in Albania
Albania
began after the Battle of Savra in 1385 when most of the local chieftains became Ottoman vassals. The Ottomans
Ottomans
erected their garrisons throughout southern Albania
Albania
by 1415 and established formal jurisdiction over most of Albania
Albania
by 1431. Independence for some Albanian regions was gained during 1443-1479, with the uprising under the lead of Gjergj Kastrioti Skanderbeg . The last towns captured by the Ottomans
Ottomans
were Shkodër in 1479 and Durrës
Durrës
in 1501
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Ukrayinska Pravda
UKRAYINSKA PRAVDA (Ukrainian : Українська правда, literally Ukrainian Truth) is a popular Ukrainian Internet newspaper , founded by Georgiy R. Gongadze in April, 2000 (the day of the Ukrainian constitutional referendum ). Published mainly in Ukrainian with selected articles published in or translated to Russian and English , the newspaper is tailored towards a general readership with some particular emphasis placed on the hot issues of the politics of Ukraine
Ukraine
. The Ukrainian government has at times reportedly exerted pressure on the publication to restrict access to freedom of information . Along with Hromadske TV and Center UA (Center for United Action), Ukrayinska Pravda
Ukrayinska Pravda
is part of the MediaHub Kyiv
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Albanophobia
ANTI-ALBANIAN SENTIMENT or ALBANOPHOBIA is discrimination or prejudice towards Albanians
Albanians
as an ethnic group, described in countries with large Albanian population as immigrants, especially Greece
Greece
and Italy
Italy
though in Greece
Greece
the sentiment existed mainly in the post-communist Albania era where criminals escaped to Greece. Today the term is obsolete. A similar term used with the same denotation is anti-albanianism used in many sources similarly with albanophobia, although its similarities and/or differences are not defined. Its opposite is Albanophilia
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Turco-Albanians
TURCO-ALBANIAN (Greek : Τουρκαλβανοί, Tourk-alvanoi) is an ethnographic and religious term used by Greeks for Muslim Albanians from 1715 and thereafter. In a broader sense, the term included both Muslim Albanian and Turkish elites and military units of the Ottoman administration in the Balkans. The term is derived from an identification of Muslims with Ottomans and/or Turks, due to the Ottoman Empire's administrative millet system of classifying peoples according to religion. From the middle of the nineteenth century, the term Turk and from the late nineteenth century onwards, the derivative term Turco-Albanian has been used as a pejorative term, phrase and or expression for Muslim Albanian individuals and communities. The term has also been noted to be unclear, ideologically and sentimentally charged, and an imperialist and racialist expression
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Budjak
BUDJAK or BUDZHAK (Russian , Ukrainian , and Bulgarian : Буджак; Romanian : Bugeac; Turkish : Bucak) is a historical region in Ukraine
Ukraine
. Lying along the Black Sea
Black Sea
between the Danube
Danube
and Dniester
Dniester
rivers, this thinly populated multi-ethnic 600,000-people region of 13,188 km2 is located in the southern Bessarabia
Bessarabia
. Nowadays, part of the Odessa Oblast
Odessa Oblast
, the region is bordered to the north and west by Moldova
Moldova
, to the south by Romania
Romania
, and to the east by the Black Sea
Black Sea
and the rest of Ukraine
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Zaporizhia Oblast
ZAPORIZHIA OBLAST (Ukrainian : Запорізька область, translit. Zaporiz'ka oblast’; Russian : Запорожская область); also referred to as ZAPORIZHZHYA (Ukrainian : Запоріжжя), is an oblast (province) of southern Ukraine
Ukraine
. Its capital is Zaporizhia
Zaporizhia
. The oblast covers an area of 27,183 km², and its population was 1,785,243 (2013 est.) as of January 2013. This oblast is an important part of Ukraine's industry and agriculture. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Points of interest * 4 Subdivisions * 5 Demographics * 5.1 Age structure * 5.2 Median age * 5.3 Fertility * 6 Education * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links GEOGRAPHYThe area of the province is 27,183 km²; its population (estimated as of 1 January 2013) was 1,785,243
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Greek Language
GREEK ( Modern Greek : ελληνικά , elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα ( listen ), ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece
Greece
and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean . It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary , were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin
Latin
, Cyrillic
Cyrillic
, Armenian , Coptic , Gothic and many other writing systems
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South Slavic Languages
The SOUTH SLAVIC LANGUAGES are one of three branches of the Slavic languages . There are approximately 30 million speakers, mainly in the Balkans
Balkans
. These are separated geographically from speakers of the other two Slavic branches (West and East ) by a belt of German , Hungarian and Romanian speakers. The first South Slavic language to be written (the first attested Slavic language) was the variety spoken in Thessalonica , now called Old Church Slavonic , in the ninth century. It is retained as a liturgical language in some South Slavic Orthodox churches in the form of various local Church Slavonic traditions
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Ethnonym
An ETHNONYM (from the Greek : ἔθνος, éthnos, "nation" and ὄνομα, ónoma, "name") is the name applied to a given ethnic group . Ethnonyms can be divided into two categories: exonyms (where the name of the ethnic group has been created by another group of people) and autonyms or ENDONYMS (self-designation; where the name is created and used by the ethnic group itself). As an example, the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group in Germany
Germany
is the Germans. This ethnonym is an exonym used by the English-speaking world, although the term itself is derived from Latin . Conversely, Germans themselves use the autonym of die Deutschen. Germans are indicated by exonyms in many European languages, such as French (Allemands), Italian (tedeschi), Swedish (tyskar) and Polish (Niemcy)
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