HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Albanophobia
ANTI-ALBANIAN SENTIMENT or ALBANOPHOBIA is discrimination or prejudice towards Albanians
Albanians
as an ethnic group, described in countries with large Albanian population as immigrants, especially Greece
Greece
and Italy
Italy
though in Greece
Greece
the sentiment existed mainly in the post-communist Albania era where criminals escaped to Greece. Today the term is obsolete. A similar term used with the same denotation is anti-albanianism used in many sources similarly with albanophobia, although its similarities and/or differences are not defined. Its opposite is Albanophilia
[...More...]

"Albanophobia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Anti-fat Bias
ANTI-FAT BIAS refers to the prejudicial assumption of personality characteristics based on an assessment of a person as being obese . Fat activists allege anti-fat bias can be found in many facets of society, and blame the media for the pervasiveness of this phenomenon. CONTENTS * 1 Trait attribution * 2 Media * 2.1 Beautiful Girl by INXS * 3 Prevalence * 4 See also * 5 References TRAIT ATTRIBUTION Anti-fat bias leads people to associate individuals who are overweight or obese with negative personality traits such as "lazy", "greedy", "stupid", "smelly", "slow", or "unmotivated." This bias is not restricted to clinically obese individuals, but also encompasses those whose body shape is in some way found unacceptable according to society's modern standards (although still within the normal or overweight BMI range). It is a classical example of the halo effect in cultures where physical preferences favor low body fat
[...More...]

"Anti-fat Bias" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Ephebiphobia
EPHEBIPHOBIA is the fear of youth. First coined as the "fear or loathing of teenagers", today the phenomenon is recognized as the "inaccurate, exaggerated and sensational characterization of young people" in a range of settings around the world. Studies of the fear of youth occur in sociology and youth studies . CONTENTS* 1 Lexicology * 1.1 Coinage * 1.2 Similar terms * 2 History * 3 Causes * 4 Effects * 4.1 Social discrimination * 4.2 Commercial gain * 4.3 Governmental policy * 4.4 Education * 5 Combating ephebiphobia * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Bibliography * 9 External links LEXICOLOGYCOINAGEThe word ephebiphobia is formed from the Greek ἔφηβος éphēbos , meaning "youth " or "adolescent " and φόβος phóbos, meaning "fear" or "phobia ". The coinage of this term is attributed to a 1994 article by Kirk Astroth published in Phi Delta Kappan
[...More...]

"Ephebiphobia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Genderism
GENDERISM, or GENDER BINARISM, is the social system or cultural belief that gender is a binary : that is, that there are, or should be, only two genders —masculine and feminine —with the aspects of one's gender inherently linked to one's genetic sex , or sex assigned at birth . These aspects may include expectations of dressing, behavior, sexual orientation , names or pronouns, preferred restroom, or other qualities. These expectations may reinforce negative attitudes , bias , and discrimination towards people who display expressions of gender variance or nonconformity or whose gender identity is incongruent with their birth sex. Genderism
Genderism
is of particular relevance to individuals who fall within the transgender spectrum, and is an ideology underlying transphobia and trans bashing
[...More...]

"Genderism" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Gerontophobia
GERONTOPHOBIA is the fear of growing old, or a hatred or fear of the elderly. Many people have this phobia . The term comes from the Greek γέρων – gerōn, "old man" and φόβος – phobos, "fear". CONTENTS * 1 Ageism * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links AGEISMDiscriminatory aspects of ageism have been strongly linked to gerontophobia. This unreasonable fear or hatred of the elderly is associated with the fact that someday all young people will grow old and that old age is associated with death. This unwillingness to accept death manifests in feelings of hostility and discriminatory acts towards the elderly
[...More...]

"Gerontophobia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Heteronormativity
HETERONORMATIVITY is the belief that people fall into distinct and complementary genders (male and female ) with natural roles in life . It assumes that heterosexuality is the only sexual orientation or only norm , and that sexual and marital relations are most (or only) fitting between people of opposite sexes. A "heteronormative" view therefore involves alignment of biological sex , sexuality , gender identity and gender roles . Heteronormativity
Heteronormativity
is often linked to heterosexism and homophobia
[...More...]

"Heteronormativity" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Elitism
ELITISM is the belief or attitude that individuals who form an elite —a select group of people with a certain ancestry , intrinsic quality , high intellect , wealth , specialized training, experience, talents, whose influence or authority is greater than that of others, whose views on a matter are to be taken more seriously, whose views or actions are more likely to be constructive to society as a whole, or whose extraordinary skills, abilities, or wisdom render them especially fit to govern. In America, the term "elitism" often refers to the concentration of power on the Northeast Corridor and West Coast, where the typical American elite - lawyers, doctors, high-level civil servants (such as White House aides), businesspeople, university lecturers, entrepreneurs and financial advisors in the quarternary sector - reside, often in the university towns they graduated from
[...More...]

"Elitism" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Cronyism
CRONYISM is the practice of partiality in awarding jobs and other advantages to friends or trusted colleagues, especially in politics and between politicians and supportive organizations. For instance, this includes appointing "cronies" to positions of authority, regardless of their qualifications. Cronyism exists when the appointer and the beneficiary such as an appointee are in social or business contact. Often, the appointer needs support in his or her own proposal, job or position of authority, and for this reason the appointer appoints individuals who will not try to weaken his or her proposals, vote against issues, or express views contrary to those of the appointer
[...More...]

"Cronyism" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Bias Against Left-handed People
BIAS BASED ON HANDEDNESS is bias or design, conscious or not, usually against people who are left-handed . Part of this is due to design in the world which is often right-hand biased. Handwriting is one of the biggest sources of actual disadvantage for left-handed people, other than for those forced to work with certain machinery. Approximately one-tenth of the world's population is left-handed, yet many common articles are designed for efficient use by right-handed people, and may be inconvenient, painful, or even dangerous for left-handed people to use. These may include school desks, kitchen implements, and tools ranging from simple scissors to hazardous machinery such as power saws . Beyond such neglect, however, left-handed people have been subjected to deliberate discrimination and discouragement. In certain societies, they may be considered unlucky or even malicious by the right-handed majority
[...More...]

"Bias Against Left-handed People" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Anti-Masonry
ANTI-MASONRY (alternatively called ANTI-FREEMASONRY) is defined as "avowed opposition to Freemasonry
Freemasonry
". However, there is no homogeneous anti-Masonic movement. Anti-Masonry
Anti-Masonry
consists of radically differing criticisms from sometimes incompatible groups who are hostile to Freemasonry
Freemasonry
in some form
[...More...]

"Anti-Masonry" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Audism
AUDISM is the notion that one is superior based on one's ability to hear or to behave in the manner of one who hears, or that life without hearing is futile and miserable, or an attitude based on pathological thinking which results in a negative stigma toward anyone who does not hear. Tom L. Humphries coined the term in his doctoral dissertation in 1977, but it did not start to catch on until Harlan Lane used it in his own writings. Humphries originally applied audism to individual attitudes and practices; whereas Lane broadened the term to include oppression of deaf people. Audism is a form of ableism , discrimination on the basis of disability. Like racism or sexism, audism assigns labels, judges and limits individuals based on whether they can hear or speak. People who practice audism are called audists. Although it stems predominantly from hearing people, audism can manifest itself in anyone, intentionally or unintentionally
[...More...]

"Audism" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Biphobia
BIPHOBIA is aversion toward bisexuality and toward bisexual people as a social group or as individuals. It can take the form of denial that bisexuality is a genuine sexual orientation, or of negative stereotypes about people who are bisexual (such as the beliefs that they are promiscuous or dishonest). People of any sexual orientation can experience or perpetuate biphobia, and it is a source of social discrimination against bisexual people. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology and usage * 2 Forms * 2.1 Denial and erasure * 2.2 Negative stereotypes * 3 Effects * 4 Intersectional perspectives * 4.1 Feminism * 4.2 Race * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links ETYMOLOGY AND USAGE Biphobia
Biphobia
is a portmanteau word patterned on the term homophobia
[...More...]

"Biphobia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Heterosexism
HETEROSEXISM is a system of attitudes , bias , and discrimination in favor of opposite-sex sexuality and relationships. It can include the presumption that other people are heterosexual or that opposite-sex attractions and relationships are the only norm and therefore superior. Although heterosexism is defined in the online editions of the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language and the Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary as anti-gay discrimination or prejudice "by heterosexual people" and "by heterosexuals", respectively, people of any sexual orientation can hold such attitudes and bias, and can form a part of internalised hatred of one's sexual orientation
[...More...]

"Heterosexism" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Homophobia
HOMOPHOBIA encompasses a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or people who are identified or perceived as being lesbian , gay , bisexual or transgender ( LGBT
LGBT
). It has been defined as contempt , prejudice , aversion, hatred or antipathy , may be based on irrational fear , and is often related to religious beliefs . Homophobia
Homophobia
is observable in critical and hostile behavior such as discrimination and violence on the basis of sexual orientations that are non-heterosexual . Recognized types of homophobia include institutionalized homophobia, e.g. religious homophobia and state-sponsored homophobia, and internalized homophobia, experienced by people who have same-sex attractions, regardless of how they identify
[...More...]

"Homophobia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Reverse Discrimination
REVERSE DISCRIMINATION is discrimination against members of a dominant or majority group, in favor of members of a minority or historically disadvantaged group. Groups may be defined in terms of race , gender , ethnicity , or other factors. This discrimination may seek to redress social inequalities under which minority groups have had less access to privileges enjoyed by the majority group. In such cases it is intended to remove discrimination that minority groups may already face. The label reverse discrimination may also be used to highlight the discrimination inherent in affirmative action programs. Reverse discrimination can be defined as the unequal treatment of members of the majority groups resulting from preferential policies, as in college admissions or employment, intended to remedy earlier discrimination against minorities
[...More...]

"Reverse Discrimination" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Pregnancy Discrimination
PREGNANCY DISCRIMINATION is a type of employment discrimination that occurs when expectant women are fired, not hired, or otherwise discriminated against due to their pregnancy or intention to become pregnant. Common forms of pregnancy discrimination include not being hired due to visible pregnancy or likelihood of becoming pregnant, being fired after informing an employer of one's pregnancy, being fired after maternity leave , and receiving a pay dock due to pregnancy. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
Discrimination
against Women prohibits dismissal on the grounds of maternity or pregnancy and ensures right to maternity leave or comparable social benefits. The Maternity Protection Convention C 183 proclaims adequate protection for pregnancy as well
[...More...]

"Pregnancy Discrimination" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.