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Aeschines
AESCHINES (/ˈɪskɪniːz/ ; Greek : Αἰσχίνης, Aischínēs; 389–314 BC) was a Greek statesman and one of the ten Attic orators . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Editions * 3 References * 4 Sources * 4.1 Primary sources * 4.2 Secondary sources * 5 External links BIOGRAPHY Statue of Aeschines, from Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum . National Archaeological Museum, Naples . Photo by Paolo Monti , 1969 Although it is known he was born in Athens , the records regarding his parentage and early life are conflicting; but it seems probable that his parents, though poor, were respectable. Aeschines' father was Atrometus, an elementary school teacher of letters
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Photios I Of Constantinople
PHOTIOS I (Greek : Φώτιος Phōtios), (c. 810/820 – 6 February 893), a also spelled PHOTIUS (/ˈfoʊʃəs/ ) or FOTIOS, was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Constantinople
from 858 to 867 and from 877 to 886; He is recognized in the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
as ST. PHOTIOS THE GREAT. Photios is widely regarded as the most powerful and influential church leader of Constantinople
Constantinople
subsequent to John Chrysostom
John Chrysostom
's archbishopric around the turn of the fifth century. He is also viewed as the most important intellectual of his time – "the leading light of the ninth-century renaissance"
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Hercher
RUDOLF HERCHER (Latin : Rudolphus Hercher; 11 January 1821, Rudolstadt
Rudolstadt
– 26 March 1878, Berlin
Berlin
) was a German classical philologist , who worked as a Grammar school teacher in Rudolstadt (1847–1859) and Berlin
Berlin
(1861–1878). He is especially known for his textual criticism of diverse Greek authors. LIFE Rudolf Hercher
Rudolf Hercher
was the son of the Grammar schoolmaster and later financial advisor, Johann Andreas Hercher. He attended grammar school in his home city from 1830 until 1838, where he especially came under the influence of the Latin teacher Lobegott Samuel Obbarius and of the Greek teacher Christian Lorenz Sommer . Before tertiary education, he deepended his education even further, according to his father's wish with a year in the senior class of the Grammar school
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Thomas Leland
THOMAS LELAND (1722–1785) was an Irish historian, translator and academic and the author of the early gothic novel Longsword, Earl of Salisbury: An Historical Romance, published in 1762. He was born in Dublin
Dublin
and educated at Thomas Sheridan\'s school and then at Trinity College , where he became Professor of Oratory in 1763. He translated the Orations of Demosthenes
Demosthenes
in three volumes and wrote a life of Philip of Macedon
Philip of Macedon
in 1758. He wrote an influential History of Ireland
Ireland
from the Invasion of Henry II in 1773. His portrait, by John Dean, is held by the National Portrait Gallery . Leland was made a fellow of Trinity College Dublin
Dublin
in 1746. He was ordained a Church of Ireland
Ireland
priest in 1748, he served as vicar in Bray, Co. Wicklow, in 1773 he was appointed Vicar of St
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Evelyn S. Shuckburgh
EVELYN SHIRLEY SHUCKBURGH (12 July 1843 – 10 July 1906) was an English academic and schoolmaster, known as classical scholar and translator. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Family * 3 Works * 3.1 Translations * 3.2 History * 3.3 Other works * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links LIFEBorn at Aldborough, Norfolk on 12 July 1843, he was the third and eldest surviving son in the family of twelve children of Robert Shuckburgh, rector of the parish, by his wife Elizabeth (died 1876), daughter of Dr. Lyford of Winchester. He was educated for some time at a preparatory school kept at Winchester by the Rev. E. Huntingford; then he went to Ipswich School , under Hubert Ashton Holden , whose teaching Shuckburgh enjoyed. His father died in 1860, and in 1862 Shuckburgh entered Emmanuel College, Cambridge
Emmanuel College, Cambridge
as an exhibitioner
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Rhetoric
RHETORIC is the art of discourse , wherein a writer or speaker strives to inform, persuade or motivate particular audiences in specific situations. It can also be in a visual form. As a subject of formal study and a productive civic practice, rhetoric has played a central role in the European tradition. Its best known definition comes from Aristotle , who considers it a counterpart of both logic and politics, and calls it "the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion ." Rhetoric typically provides heuristics for understanding, discovering, and developing arguments for particular situations, such as Aristotle's three persuasive audience appeals, logos , pathos , and ethos . The five canons of rhetoric, which trace the traditional tasks in designing a persuasive speech, were first codified in classical Rome: invention , arrangement , style , memory , and delivery
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Athenian
ATHENS (/ˈæθᵻnz/ ; Modern Greek
Modern Greek
: Αθήνα, Athína , Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Ἀθῆναι, Athênai, modern pronunciation Athínai) is the capital and largest city of Greece
Greece
. Athens
Athens
dominates the Attica
Attica
region and is one of the world\'s oldest cities , with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years, and its earliest human presence starting somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennium BC. Classical Athens
Classical Athens
was a powerful city-state that emerged in conjunction with the seagoing development of the port of Piraeus
Piraeus
, which had been a distinct city prior to its 5th century BC incorporation with Athens
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Whore
PROSTITUTION is the business or practice of engaging in sexual activity in exchange for payment either as money, goods, services, or some other benefit agreed upon by the transacting parties. Prostitution
Prostitution
is sometimes described as COMMERCIAL SEX or HOOKING. Depending on the jurisdiction, prostitution law may deem commercial sex to be legal or illegal. A person who works in this field is called a prostitute, and is a type of sex worker . Prostitution
Prostitution
is one branch of the sex industry , along with pornography , stripping , and erotic dancing . The legal status of prostitution varies from country to country (sometimes from region to region within a given country), ranging from being permissible but unregulated, to an enforced or unenforced crime, or a regulated profession
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Piraeus
PIRAEUS (/paɪˈriːəs, pɪˈreɪ.əs/ ; Greek : Πειραιάς Pireás , Ancient Greek : Πειραιεύς, Peiraieús, pronounced ) is a port city in the region of Attica , Greece . Piraeus is located within the Athens urban area , 12 kilometres (7 miles) southwest from its city center (municipality of Athens), and lies along the east coast of the Saronic Gulf . According to the 2011 census, Piraeus had a population of 163,688 people within its administrative limits, making it the fourth largest municipality in Greece and the second largest within the urban area of the Greek capital, following the municipality of Athens. The municipality of Piraeus and several other suburban municipalities within the regional unit of Piraeus form the greater Piraeus area, with a total population of 448,997
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Atimia
ATIMIA was a form of disenfranchisement used under classical Athenian democracy . Under democracy in ancient Greece, only free adult Greek males were enfranchised as full citizens. Women, foreigners, children and slaves were not full citizens; they could not vote or hold public office, and they had to have adult males act as guardians of their property and other interests. A man who was made atimos, literally without honour or value, was likewise disenfranchised and disempowered, making him unable to carry out the political functions of a citizen . He could not attend assembly meetings, serve as a juror in Heliaia or bring actions before the courts . Being barred from assembly would effectively end a citizen's political ambition. Not being able to use the courts to defend oneself against enemies could be socially crippling
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Philostratus
PHILOSTRATUS or LUCIUS FLAVIUS PHILOSTRATUS (/fɪˈlɒstrətəs/ ; Greek : Φλάβιος Φιλόστρατος; c. 170/172 – 247/250), called "the Athenian", was a Greek sophist of the Roman imperial period . His father was a minor sophist of the same name. He was born probably around 172, and is said by the Suda
Suda
to have been living in the reign of emperor Philip the Arab
Philip the Arab
(244–249). His death possibly occurred in Tyre c. 250 AD. CONTENTS * 1 Name and identity * 2 Works attributed to Philostratus * 3 Notes * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links NAME AND IDENTITYSome ambiguity surrounds his name. The praenom Flavius is given in The Lives of the Sophists and Tzetzes
Tzetzes

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Libanius
LIBANIUS (Greek : Λιβάνιος, Libanios; c. 314 – 392 or 393) was a Greek teacher of rhetoric of the Sophist school. During the rise of Christian hegemony in the later Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, he remained unconverted and in religious matters was a pagan Hellene . CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Works * 3 English editions * 4 References * 5 External links LIFE Libanius
Libanius
was born into a once-influential, deeply cultured family of Antioch
Antioch
that had recently come into diminished circumstances. At fourteen years old he began his study of rhetoric , for which he withdrew from public life and devoted himself to philosophy. Unfamiliar with Latin literature , he deplored its influence. Libanius
Libanius
used his arts of rhetoric to advance various private and political causes
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Apollonius Of Rhodes
APOLLONIUS OF RHODES ( Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Ἀπολλώνιος Ῥόδιος Apollṓnios Rhódios; Latin : Apollonius Rhodius; fl. first half of 3rd century BCE), was an ancient Greek author , best known for the Argonautica
Argonautica
, an epic poem about Jason
Jason
and the Argonauts and their quest for the Golden Fleece . The poem is one of the few extant examples of the epic genre and it was both innovative and influential, providing Ptolemaic Egypt
Ptolemaic Egypt
with a "cultural mnemonic" or national "archive of images", and offering the Latin poets Virgil
Virgil
and Gaius Valerius Flaccus
Gaius Valerius Flaccus
a model for their own epics
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Wikisource
WIKISOURCE is an online digital library of free content textual sources on a wiki , operated by the Wikimedia Foundation . Wikisource is the name of the project as a whole and the name for each instance of that project (each instance usually representing a different language); multiple Wikisources make up the overall project of Wikisource. The project's aims are to host all forms of free text, in many languages, and translations. Originally conceived as an archive to store useful or important historical texts (its first text was the Déclaration universelle des Droits de l\'Homme ), it has expanded to become a general-content library. The project officially began in November 24, 2003 under the name PROJECT SOURCEBERG, a play on the famous Project Gutenberg
Project Gutenberg
. The name Wikisource
Wikisource
was adopted later that year and it received its own domain name seven months later
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