The Info List - Rhodes

(Greek: Ρόδος, Ródos [ˈroðos]) is the largest of the Dodecanese
islands of Greece
in terms of land area and also the island group's historical capital. Administratively the island forms a separate municipality within the Rhodes
regional unit, which is part of the South Aegean
South Aegean
administrative region. The principal town of the island and seat of the municipality is Rhodes.[1] The city of Rhodes had 50,636 inhabitants in 2011. It is located northeast of Crete, southeast of Athens
and just off the Anatolian coast of Turkey. Rhodes' nickname is The island of the Knights, named after the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem, who once conquered the land.[2] Historically, Rhodes
was famous worldwide for the Colossus of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Medieval Old Town of the City of Rhodes
City of Rhodes
has been declared a World Heritage Site. Today, it is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe.[3][4][5][6] The name of the U.S.
state of Rhode Island
Rhode Island
is based on these islands.


1 Name 2 Geography

2.1 Flora 2.2 Fauna 2.3 Earthquakes 2.4 Climate

3 History

3.1 Early and classical antiquity 3.2 Hellenistic age 3.3 Byzantine period 3.4 Crusader and Islamic rule 3.5 Modern history

4 Archaeology 5 Religion

5.1 Christianity 5.2 Islam 5.3 Judaism

6 Government

6.1 Towns and villages

7 Economy 8 Transportation

8.1 Air 8.2 Sea 8.3 Road network 8.4 Bus 8.5 Cars and motorbikes

9 Sports 10 Culture 11 Notable people 12 Tourism 13 Panoramas 14 See also 15 References 16 Sources 17 External links

Name[edit] The island has been known as Ρόδος in Greek throughout its history. In addition, the island has been called Rodi in Italian, Rodos in Turkish, and Rodi or Rodes in Ladino. The Travels of Sir John Mandeville incorrectly reports that Rhodes
was formerly called "Collosus", through a conflation of the Colossus of Rhodes
and Paul's Epistle to the Colossians, which refers to Colossae.[7] The island's name might be derived from erod, Phoenician for snake, since the island was infested with snakes in antiquity.[8] Geography[edit]

Topographic map of Rhodes

Akramitis mountain

The island of Rhodes
is shaped like a spearhead, 79.7 km (49.5 mi) long and 38 km (24 mi) wide, with a total area of approximately 1,400 square kilometres (541 sq mi) and a coastline of approximately 220 km (137 mi). Limestone is the main bedrock.[9] The city of Rhodes
is located at the northern tip of the island, as well as the site of the ancient and modern commercial harbours. The main air gateway (Diagoras International Airport, IATA code: RHO) is located 14 km (9 mi) to the southwest of the city in Paradisi. The road network radiates from the city along the east and west coasts. Outside of the city of Rhodes, the island is dotted with small villages and spa resorts, among them Faliraki, Lindos, Kremasti, Haraki, Pefkos, Archangelos, Afantou, Ixia, Koskinou, Embona (Attavyros), Paradisi, and Trianta
(Ialysos). There are mineral-rich spring water (and sometimes sea water) used to give medicinal baths and the spa resorts offer various health treatments. Rhodes
is situated 363 km (226 mi) east-south-east from the Greek mainland, and 18 km (11 mi) from the southern shore of Turkey. Flora[edit] Further information: Natural history of Rhodes The interior of the island is mountainous, sparsely inhabited and covered with forests of pine (Pinus brutia) and cypress (Cupressus sempervirens). While the shores are rocky, the island has arable strips of land where citrus fruit, wine grapes, vegetables, olives and other crops are grown. Fauna[edit] Further information: Natural history of Rhodes The Rhodian population of fallow deer was found to be genetically distinct in 2005, and to be of urgent conservation concern.[10] In Petaloudes
Valley (Greek for "Valley of the Butterflies"), large numbers of tiger moths gather during the summer months. Mount Attavyros, at 1,216 metres (3,990 ft), is the island's highest point of elevation. Earthquakes[edit] Earthquakes include the 226 BC earthquake that destroyed the Colossus of Rhodes; one on 3 May 1481 which destroyed much of the city of Rhodes;[11] and one on 26 June 1926.[12] On 15 July 2008, Rhodes
was struck by a 6.3 magnitude earthquake causing minor damage to a few old buildings and one death.[13] Climate[edit] Rhodes
has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
(Csa in the Köppen climate classification).

Climate data for Rhodes

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 22.0 (71.6) 22.0 (71.6) 27.4 (81.3) 30.6 (87.1) 34.8 (94.6) 36.2 (97.2) 39.0 (102.2) 41.2 (106.2) 35.4 (95.7) 33.2 (91.8) 28.4 (83.1) 22.8 (73) 41.2 (106.2)

Average high °C (°F) 15.1 (59.2) 15.2 (59.4) 16.8 (62.2) 20.0 (68) 24.2 (75.6) 28.4 (83.1) 30.5 (86.9) 30.7 (87.3) 28.2 (82.8) 24.5 (76.1) 20.1 (68.2) 16.6 (61.9) 22.52 (72.56)

Daily mean °C (°F) 12.0 (53.6) 12.0 (53.6) 13.5 (56.3) 16.3 (61.3) 20.0 (68) 24.2 (75.6) 26.4 (79.5) 26.7 (80.1) 24.4 (75.9) 20.7 (69.3) 16.7 (62.1) 13.5 (56.3) 18.87 (65.97)

Average low °C (°F) 8.8 (47.8) 8.8 (47.8) 10.1 (50.2) 12.5 (54.5) 15.8 (60.4) 19.9 (67.8) 22.3 (72.1) 22.7 (72.9) 20.5 (68.9) 16.9 (62.4) 13.2 (55.8) 10.4 (50.7) 15.16 (59.28)

Record low °C (°F) −4.0 (24.8) −1.6 (29.1) 0.2 (32.4) 5.2 (41.4) 8.6 (47.5) 12.6 (54.7) 16.8 (62.2) 17.0 (62.6) 10.6 (51.1) 7.2 (45) 2.4 (36.3) 1.2 (34.2) −4.0 (24.8)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 149.6 (5.89) 105.7 (4.161) 75.6 (2.976) 27.8 (1.094) 18.6 (0.732) 2.3 (0.091) 0.4 (0.016) 0.2 (0.008) 5.8 (0.228) 65.5 (2.579) 94.1 (3.705) 157.4 (6.197) 703 (27.677)

Average rainy days 15.5 12.7 10.5 7.6 4.6 1.2 0.2 0.1 1.5 6.7 9.5 15.4 85.5

Average relative humidity (%) 70.1 69.1 68.7 66.5 64.4 58.5 57.6 59.9 61.4 67.5 71.4 72.4 65.62

Mean daily sunshine hours 5.0 6.0 7.0 9.0 11.0 13.0 14.0 13.0 11.0 8.0 6.0 5.0 9

Percent possible sunshine 50 55 58 69 79 87 100 100 92 73 60 50 72.8

Source #1: Hellinic National Meteorological Service [14]

Source #2: NOAA (Record temperature),[15] Weather Atlas (sunshine data)[16]

Climate data for Rhodes

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average sea temperature °C (°F) 17.9 (64.2) 17.0 (62.6) 17.1 (62.8) 17.6 (63.7) 20.1 (68.2) 23.4 (74.1) 25.9 (78.6) 27.2 (81.0) 26.7 (80.1) 23.8 (74.8) 20.9 (69.6) 18.8 (65.8) 21.4 (70.5)

Mean daily daylight hours 10.0 11.0 12.0 13.0 14.0 15.0 14.0 13.0 12.0 11.0 10.0 10.0 12.1

Average Ultraviolet index 2 3 5 7 8 10 10 9 7 5 3 2 5.9

Source: Weather Atlas [16]

beach, Rhodes

Valley of Petaloudes

History[edit] Early and classical antiquity[edit]

Mycenean necklace of carnelian found in Kattavia

Silver drachma of Rhodes, 88/42 BC. Obverse: radiate head of Helios. Reverse: rose, "rhodon" (ῥόδον), the symbol of Rhodes.

Temple of Apollo at the Acropolis of Rhodes

The island was inhabited in the Neolithic
period, although little remains of this culture. In the 16th century BC, the Minoans came to Rhodes. Later Greek mythology
Greek mythology
recalled a Rhodian race called the Telchines and associated the island of Rhodes
with Danaus; it was sometimes nicknamed Telchinis. In the 15th century BC, Mycenaean Greeks invaded. After the Bronze Age collapse, the first renewed outside contacts were with Cyprus.[17] In the 8th century BC, the island's settlements started to form, with the coming of the Dorians, who built the three important cities of Lindos, Ialyssos
and Kameiros, which together with Kos, Cnidus and Halicarnassus
(on the mainland) made up the so-called Dorian Hexapolis (Greek for six cities). In Pindar's ode, the island was said to be born of the union of Helios the sun god and the nymph Rhodos, and the cities were named for their three sons. The rhoda is a pink hibiscus native to the island. Diodorus Siculus
Diodorus Siculus
added that Actis, one of the sons of Helios
and Rhode, travelled to Egypt. He built the city of Heliopolis and taught the Egyptians astrology.[18] Homer
mentions that Rhodes
participated in the Trojan War
Trojan War
under the leadership of Tlepolemus.[19] In the second half of the 8th century, the sanctuary of Athena received votive gifts that are markers for cultural contacts: small ivories from the Near East and bronze objects from Syria. At Kameiros on the northwest coast, a former Bronze Age site, where the temple was founded in the 8th century, there is another notable contemporaneous sequence of carved ivory figurines. The cemeteries of Kameiros
and Ialyssos
yielded several exquisite exemplars of the Orientalizing Rhodian jewellery, dated in the 7th and early 6th centuries BC.[20] Phoenician presence on the island at Ialysos
is attested in traditions recorded much later by Rhodian historians.[citation needed] The Persians invaded and overran the island, but they were in turn defeated by forces from Athens
in 478 BC. The Rhodian cities joined the Athenian League. When the Peloponnesian War
Peloponnesian War
broke out in 431 BC, Rhodes
remained largely neutral, although it remained a member of the League. The war lasted until 404 BC, but by this time Rhodes
had withdrawn entirely from the conflict and decided to go her own way.[citation needed] In 408 BC, the cities united to form one territory. They built the city of Rhodes, a new capital on the northern end of the island. Its regular plan was, according to Strabo, superintended by the Athenian architect Hippodamus. In 357 BC, the island was conquered by the king Mausolus
of Caria, then it fell again to the Persians in 340 BC. Their rule was also short. Hellenistic age[edit] Rhodes
then became a part of the growing empire of Alexander the Great in 332 BC, after he defeated the Persians.[citation needed]

The Colossus of Rhodes, as depicted in an artist's impression of 1880

Following the death of Alexander, his generals vied for control of the kingdom. Three—Ptolemy, Seleucus, and Antigonus—succeeded in dividing the kingdom among themselves. Rhodes
formed strong commercial and cultural ties[21] with the Ptolemies in Alexandria, and together formed the Rhodo-Egyptian alliance that controlled trade throughout the Aegean in the 3rd century BC. The city developed into a maritime, commercial and cultural center; its coins circulated nearly everywhere in the Mediterranean. Its famous schools of philosophy, science, literature and rhetoric shared masters with Alexandria: the Athenian rhetorician Aeschines, who formed a school at Rhodes; Apollonius of Rhodes;[22] the observations and works of the astronomers Hipparchus
and Geminus, the rhetorician Dionysius Thrax. Its school of sculptors developed, under Pergamese influence, a rich, dramatic style that can be characterized as "Hellenistic Baroque". Agesander of Rhodes, with two other Rhodian sculptors, carved the famous Laocoön group, now in the Vatican Museums, and the large sculptures rediscovered at Sperlonga in the villa of Tiberius, probably in the early Imperial period.[23] In 305 BC, Antigonus directed his son, Demetrius, to besiege Rhodes
in an attempt to break its alliance with Egypt. Demetrius created huge siege engines, including a 180 ft (55 m) battering ram and a siege tower named Helepolis
that weighed 360,000 pounds (163,293 kg). Despite this engagement, in 304 BC after only one year, he relented and signed a peace agreement, leaving behind a huge store of military equipment. The Rhodians sold the equipment and used the money to erect a statue of their sun god, Helios, the statue since called the Colossus of Rhodes.[citation needed] Throughout the 3rd century BC, Rhodes
attempted to secure her independence and her commerce, most especially her virtual control over the grain trade in the eastern Mediterranean. Both of these goals were dependent upon no one of the three great Hellenistic states achieving dominance, and consequently the Rhodians pursued a policy of maintaining a balance of power among the Antigonids, Seleucids and Ptolemies, even if that meant going to war with her traditional ally, Egypt. To this end they employed as leverage their economy and their excellent navy, which was manned by proverbially the finest sailors in the Mediterranean world: "If we have ten Rhodians, we have ten ships."[citation needed] The Rhodians also established their dominance on the shores of Caria
across their island, which became known as the "Rhodian Peraia". It extended roughly from the modern city of Muğla (ancient Mobolla) in the north and Kaunos
bordering Lycia
in the south, near the present-day Dalyan, Turkey. Rhodes
successfully carried on this policy through the course of the third century BC, an impressive achievement for what was essentially a democratic state. By the end of that period, however, the balance of power was crumbling, as declining Ptolemaic power made Egypt
an attractive target for Seleucid ambitions. In 203/2 BC the young and dynamic kings of Antigonid Macedon and Seleucid Asia, Philip V and Antiochus III, agreed to accept—at least temporarily—their respective military ambitions, Philip's campaign in the Aegean and western Anatolia and Antiochus’ final solution of the Egyptian question. Heading a coalition of small states, the Rhodians checked Philip's navy, but not his superior army. Without a third power to which to turn, the Rhodians appealed in 201 BC to the Roman Republic.[citation needed]

Medieval gate at the Acropolis of Lindos

Despite being exhausted by the titanic struggle against Hannibal (218-201 BC) the Romans agreed to intervene, having already been stabbed in the back by Philip during the war against Carthage. The Senate saw the appeal from Rhodes
and her allies as the opportunity to pressure Philip. The result was the Second Macedonian War
Second Macedonian War
(200-196 BC), which ended Macedon's role as a major player and preserved Rhodian independence.[citation needed] Rhodian influence in the Aegean was cemented through the organization of the Cyclades
into the Second Nesiotic League under Rhodian leadership. The Romans actually withdrew from Greece
after the end of the conflict, but the resulting power vacuum quickly drew in Antiochus and subsequently the Romans, who defeated (192-188 BC) the last Mediterranean power that might even vaguely threaten their predominance. Having provided Rome with valuable naval help in her first foray into Asia, the Rhodians were rewarded with territory and enhanced status.[citation needed] The Romans once again evacuated the east – the Senate preferred clients to provinces – but it was clear that Rome now ruled the world and Rhodian autonomy was ultimately dependent upon good relations with them.[citation needed] And those good graces soon evaporated in the wake of the Third Macedonian War (171-168 BC). In 169 BC, during the war against Perseus, Rhodes
sent Agepolis as ambassador to the consul Quintus Marcius Philippus, and then to Rome in the following year, hoping to turn the Senate against the war.[24] Rhodes
remained scrupulously neutral during the war, but in the view of hostile elements in the Senate she had been a bit too friendly with the defeated King Perseus. Some actually proposed declaring war on the island republic, but this was averted. In 164, Rhodes
became a permanent ally of Rome, ending an independence that no longer had any meaning.[clarification needed] It was said that the Romans ultimately turned against the Rhodians because the islanders were the only people they had encountered who were more arrogant than themselves.[citation needed] After surrendering its independence Rhodes
became a cultural and educational center for Roman noble families and was especially noted for its teachers of rhetoric, such as Hermagoras and the unknown author of Rhetorica ad Herennium. At first, the state was an important ally of Rome and enjoyed numerous privileges, but these were later lost in various machinations of Roman politics. Cassius eventually invaded the island and sacked the city. In the early Imperial period Rhodes
became a favorite place for political exiles.[25] In the 1st century AD, the Emperor Tiberius
spent a brief term of exile on Rhodes. Saint Paul brought Christianity
to people on the island.[26] Rhodes
reached her zenith in the 3rd century. In ancient times there was a Roman saying: "hic Rhodus, hic salta!"—"Here is Rhodes, jump here", an admonition to prove one's idle boasts by deed rather than talk. It comes from an Aesop's fable called "The Boastful Athlete" and was cited by Hegel
and Marx. Byzantine period[edit] In 395 with the division of the Roman Empire, the long Byzantine period began for Rhodes. In Late Antiquity, the island was the capital of the Roman province
Roman province
of the Islands, headed by a praeses (hegemon in Greek), and encompassing most of the Aegean islands, with twenty cities. Correspondingly, the island was also the metropolis of the ecclesiastical province of Cyclades, with eleven suffragan sees.[27] Beginning from ca. 600 AD, its influence in maritime issues was manifested in the collection of maritime laws known as "Rhodian Sea Law" (Nomos Rhodion Nautikos), accepted throughout the Mediterranean and in use throughout Byzantine times (and influencing the development of admiralty law up to the present).[citation needed] In 622/3, during the climactic Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628, Rhodes
was captured by the Sasanian navy.[28][29][30] Rhodes
was occupied by the Islamic Umayyad forces of Caliph Muawiyah I in 654, who carried off the remains of the Colossus of Rhodes.[27][31] The island was again captured by the Arabs in 673 as part of their first attack on Constantinople. When their fleet was destroyed by Greek fire
Greek fire
before Constantinople and by storms on its return trip, however, the island was evacuated in 679/80 as part of the Byzantine–Umayyad peace treaty.[32] In 715 the Byzantine fleet dispatched against the Arabs launched a rebellion at Rhodes, which led to the installation of Theodosios III
Theodosios III
on the Byzantine throne.[27][33] From the early 8th to the 12th centuries, Rhodes
belonged to the Cibyrrhaeot Theme
Cibyrrhaeot Theme
of the Byzantine Empire, and was a centre for shipbuilding and commerce.[27] In c. 1090, it was occupied by the forces of the Seljuk Turks, not long after the Battle of Manzikert.[34] Rhodes
was recaptured by the Emperor Alexios I Komnenos during the First Crusade.

Part of the late medieval fortifications of Rhodes

As Byzantine central power weakened under the Angeloi emperors (1185–1204), in the first half of the 13th century, Rhodes
became the centre of an independent domain under Leo Gabalas
Leo Gabalas
and his brother John,[27] until it was occupied by the Genoese in 1248–1250. The Genoese were evicted by the Empire of Nicaea, after which the island became a regular province of the Nicaean state (and after 1261 of the restored Byzantine Empire). In 1305, the island was given as a fief to Andrea Morisco, a Genoese adventurer who had entered Byzantine service. But, Rhodes
was controlled by Menteşe, was one of Anatolian beyliks between 1300 and 1314. Crusader and Islamic rule[edit] Further information: Knights Hospitaller

Ottoman Janissaries
and defending Knights of Saint John
Knights of Saint John
at the Siege of Rhodes
in 1522, from an Ottoman manuscript

in the 19th century

In 1306–1310, the Byzantine era of the island's history came to an end when the island was occupied by the Knights Hospitaller.[27] Under the rule of the newly named "Knights of Rhodes", the city was rebuilt into a model of the European medieval ideal. Many of the city's famous monuments, including the Palace of the Grand Master, were built during this period. The strong walls which the knights had built withstood the attacks of the Sultan of Egypt
in 1444, and a siege by the Ottomans under Mehmed II in 1480. Eventually, however, Rhodes
fell to the large army of Suleiman the Magnificent
Suleiman the Magnificent
in December 1522. The Sultan deployed 400 ships delivering 100,000 men to the island (200,000 in other sources). Against this force the Knights, under Grand Master Philippe Villiers de L'Isle-Adam, had about 7,000 men-at-arms and their fortifications. The siege lasted six months, at the end of which the surviving defeated Hospitallers were allowed to withdraw to the Kingdom of Sicily. Despite the defeat, both Christians and Muslims seem to have regarded the conduct of Villiers de L'Isle-Adam as extremely valiant, and the Grand Master was proclaimed a Defender of the Faith by Pope Adrian VI (see Knights of Cyprus
and Rhodes). The knights would later move their base of operations to Malta. Rhodes
was thereafter a possession of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
(see Sanjak of Rhodes) for nearly four centuries. Modern history[edit]

5 soldi Austrian Levant stamp cancelled in brown RHODUS.[35]

Palazzo Governale (today the offices of the Prefecture of the Dodecanese), built during the Italian period

The island was populated by ethnic groups from the surrounding nations, including Jews. Under Ottoman rule, they generally did fairly well, but discrimination and bigotry occasionally arose. In February 1840, the Jews of Rhodes
were falsely accused of ritually murdering a Christian boy. This became known as the Rhodes
blood libel. Austria opened a post-office at RHODUS (Venetian name) before 1864,[36] as witnessed by stamps with Franz-Josef head. In 1912, Italy seized Rhodes
from the Turks during the Italo-Turkish War. The island's population was spared the "exchange of the minorities" between Greece
and Turkey
and the res of the Dodecanese
Islands were assigned to Italy in the Treaty of Ouchy and were supposed to be given back but were not. Turkey
ceded them officially in the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne. It then became the core of their possession of the Isole Italiane dell'Egeo. Following the Italian Armistice of 8 September 1943, the British attempted to get the Italian garrison on Rhodes
to change sides. This was anticipated by the German Army, which succeeded in occupying the island with the Battle of Rhodes. In great measure, the German occupation caused the British failure in the subsequent Dodecanese Campaign. The Turkish Consul Selahattin Ülkümen succeeded, at considerable risk to himself and his family, in saving 42 Jewish families, about 200 persons in total, who had Turkish citizenship or were members of Turkish citizens' families. On 8 May 1945 the Germans under Otto Wagener
Otto Wagener
surrendered Rhodes
as well as the Dodecanese
as a whole to the British, who soon after then occupied the islands as a military protectorate. In 1947, Rhodes, together with the other islands of the Dodecanese, was united with Greece. In 1949, Rhodes
was the venue for negotiations between Israel
and Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria, concluding with the 1949 Armistice Agreements. The name of the US state of Rhode Island
Rhode Island
is based on a reference to Rhodes
by Italian explorer Giovanni Verrazano. In a 1524 letter detailing his excursion into the waters around either Block Island
Block Island
or Aquidneck Island
Aquidneck Island
Verrazano wrote that he "discovered an Ilande in the form of a triangle, distant from the maine lande 3 leagues, about the bignesse of the Ilande of the Rodes". Archaeology[edit]

Fountain square at the ancient site of Kameiros

Medieval castle of Monolithos

The Colossus of Rhodes
Colossus of Rhodes
was considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. This giant bronze statue was documented as once standing at the harbour. It was completed in 280 BC and destroyed in an earthquake in 224 BC. No trace of the statue remains today. Historical
sites on the island of Rhodes
include the Acropolis of Lindos, the Acropolis of Rhodes
Acropolis of Rhodes
with the Temple of Pythian Apollo and an ancient theatre and stadium,[37] ancient Ialysos, ancient Kamiros, the Governor's Palace, Rhodes
Old Town (walled medieval city), the Palace of the Grand Masters, Kahal Shalom Synagogue
Kahal Shalom Synagogue
in the Jewish Quarter, the Archeological Museum, the ruins of the castle of Monolithos, the castle of Kritinia, St. Catherine Hospice and Rhodes Footbridge. Religion[edit]

Filerimos Monastery in Ialysos

Christianity[edit] The predominant religion is Greek Orthodox; the island is the seat of the Metropolis of Rhodes. There is a significant Latin Catholic[38] minority on the island of 2,000, many of whom are descendants of Italians who remained after the end of the Italian occupation, pastorally served by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Rhodes. Islam[edit] Main article: Turks of the Dodecanese Rhodes
has a Turkish Muslim minority, a remnant from Ottoman Turkish times who were not required in the population exchange of 1923-24 to leave because the Dodecanese
Islands were under Italian administration. They are organized around the Turkish Association of Rhodes
(Turkish: Rodos Türk Derneği), which gives the figure 3,500 for the population they bring together and represent for the island.[39] The number of the Turks in Rhodes
could be as many as 4,000.[40][41][42] Judaism[edit] See also: Selahattin Ülkümen The Jewish community of Rhodes[43] goes back to the first century AD. Kahal Shalom Synagogue, established in 1557, during the Ottoman era, is the oldest synagogue in Greece
and still stands in the Jewish quarter of the old town of Rhodes. At its peak in the 1920s, the Jewish community was one-third of the town's total population.[44] In the 1940s, there were about 2000 Jews of various ethnic backgrounds. The Nazis deported and killed most of the community during the Holocaust. Kahal Shalom has been renovated with the help of foreign donors but few Jews live year-round in Rhodes
today, so services are not held on a regular basis.[45] The Jewish Museum of Rhodes was established in 1997 to preserve the Jewish history and culture of the Jews of Rhodes. It is adjacent to the Kahal Shalom Synagogue. Government[edit]

View of Archangelos

View of Lindos
with the Acropolis

St Paul's Bay, Lindos

The present municipality Rhodes
was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 10 former municipalities, that became municipal units (constituent communities in parentheses):[1]

(Afantou, Archipoli) Archangelos (Archangelos, Malonas, Masari) Attavyros
(Embonas, Kritinia, Monolithos, Siana, Agios Isidoros) Ialysos Kallithea
(Kalythies, Koskinou, Psinthos) Kameiros
(Soroni, Apollona, Dimylia, Kalavarda, Platania, Salakos, Fanes) Lindos
(Lindos, Kalathos, Laerma, Lardos, Pylona) Petaloudes
(Kremasti, Pastida, Maritsa, Paradeisi, Theologos, Damatria) Rhodes South Rhodes
South Rhodes
(Gennadi, Apolakkia, Arnitha, Asklipieio, Vati, Istrios, Kattavia, Lachania,[46] Mesanagros, Profilia)

The municipality has an area of 1400.681 km2.[47] It covers the island of Rhodes
and a few uninhabited offshore islets. Rhodes
city was the capital of the former Dodecanese
Prefecture. Rhodes
is the most populated island of the South Aegean
South Aegean
Region. Towns and villages[edit] Rhodes
has 43 towns and villages:

Town/Village Population[48] Municipal unit Town/Village Population Municipal unit

City 50,636 Rhodes Gennadi 671 South Rhodes

Ialysos 11,331 Ialysos Salakos 576 Kameiros

Afantou 6,329 Afantou Kritinia 503 Attavyros

Archangelos 5,476 Archangelos Kattavia 307 South Rhodes

Kremasti 5,396 Petaloudes Dimylia 465 Kameiros

Kalythies 4,832 Kallithea Kalavarda 502 Kameiros

Koskinou 3,679 Kallithea Pylona 627 Lindos

Pastida 3,641 Petaloudes Istrios 291 South Rhodes

Paradeisi 2,667 Petaloudes Damatria 641 Petaloudes

Maritsa 1,808 Petaloudes Laerma 361 Lindos

Embonas 1,242 Attavyros Apolakkia 496 South Rhodes

Soroni 1,278 Kameiros Platania 196 Kameiros

Lardos 1,380 Lindos Kalathos 502 Lindos

Psinthos 853 Kallithea Lachania 153 South Rhodes

Malona 1,135 Archangelos Monolithos 181 Attavyros

Lindos 3,087 Lindos Mesanagros 155 South Rhodes

Apollona 845 Kameiros Profilia 304 South Rhodes

Massari 1,004 Archangelos Arnitha 215 South Rhodes

Fanes 858 Kameiros Siana 152 Attavyros

Theologos 809 Petaloudes Vati 323 South Rhodes

Archipoli 582 Afantou Agios Isidoros 355 Attavyros

Asklipio 646 South Rhodes


View of the market (Nea Agora) of Mandraki ( Rhodes
city), built during the Italian period

The economy is tourist-oriented, and the most developed sector is service. Tourism has elevated Rhodes
economically, compared to the rest of Greece.[49] Small industries process imported raw materials for local retail, though other industry includes agricultural goods production, stockbreeding, fishery and winery. Transportation[edit] Air[edit]

Diagoras Airport, arrivals terminal

has three airports but only one is public. Diagoras Airport, one of the biggest in Greece, is the main entrance/exit point for both locals and tourists. The island is well connected with other major Greek cities and islands as well as with major European capitals and cities via charter flights.

International Airport, "Diagoras": public airport, 14 km (9 mi) southwest of Rhodes
City, third in international passenger volume and fourth in total passenger volume in Greece. Rhodes
Maritsa Airport: closed to public, near Maritsa village. Built in 1938 by the Italians, it was the first airport of the island and was the public airport until 1977. Nowadays, it serves the Hellenic Air Force and is sometimes used for car races. Kalathos
Airfield: inoperative, 7 km (4 mi) north of Lindos. Built by the Italians during World War II, was called Aeroporto di Gadurrà. Today only the runway is visible. Kattavia
Airstrip, located in the south of the island it was an emergency airstrip built by the Italians during World War II. Today it is abandoned.[clarification needed]

Two pilot schools offer aviation services (small plane rental and island hopping). Sea[edit]

MS Thomson Majesty
MS Thomson Majesty
at the harbour of Rhodes

The Kameiros
Skala Dock

has five ports, three of them in Rhodes
City, one in the west coast near Kamiros
and one in east coast near Lardos.[citation needed]

Central Port: located in the city of Rhodes
serves exclusively international traffic consisting of scheduled services to/from Turkey, cruise ships and yachts. Since Summer 2012, the port is also a homeport for Costa Cruises during the summer period. Kolona Port: opposite and north of the central port, serves intra- Dodecanese
traffic and all sizes yachts. Akandia Port: the new port of the island, south and next to the central port, being built since the 1960s, for domestic, cargo and general purpose traffic. No land facilities exist although the municipality is in the process of erecting a passenger terminal. Kamiros
Skala Dock: 30 km (19 mi) south west of the city near Ancient Kamiros
ruins serves mainly the island of Halki Lardos Dock: formerly servicing local industries, now under development as an alternative port for times when the central port is inaccessible due to weather conditions. It is situated in a rocky shore near the village of Lardos in south east Rhodes.

Road network[edit] The road network of the island is mostly paved.[citation needed] There are four major arteries:

Rhodes- Kamiros
Province Avenue: Two lane, runs through the west coast north to south and connects Rhodes City
Rhodes City
with Diagoras Airport
Diagoras Airport
and Kamiros.[citation needed] Rhodes- Lindos
National Avenue (Greek National Road 95): Four and two lane, runs mainly inland north to south and connects Rhodes City
Rhodes City
with Lindos.[citation needed] Part from Rhodes
Town until Kolympia is now 4 lanes, the rest until Lindos
is 2 lanes. Rhodes- Kallithea
Province Avenue: Two lanes, runs through the east coast north to south and connects Rhodes City
Rhodes City
with Faliraki Resort.[citation needed] Tsairi-Airport National Avenue: Four and two lane, runs inland east to west and connects the east coast with the west and the airport.[citation needed] Lindos-Katavia Province Avenue: Two lane, begins just before Lindos and though villages and resorts leads to Katavia village, the southernmost of the island, from where a further deviation leads to Prasonissi.[citation needed] Rhodes
Town Ring Road
Ring Road
(Phase 1): Beginning from the new marina and ending to Rhodes- Kallithea
province avenue is a four lane expressway.

Future roads:[citation needed]

Further widening of E-95[clarification needed] from Kolympia to Lindos. This is to be four lane with a jersey barrier in the middle. It is still unknown when constructions will begin and most importantly end. Ring Road
Ring Road
phases 2 and 3 pending; phase 2 will extend the expressway to Greek National Road 95 while phase 3 will further extend it from Greek National Road 95 to Rhodes
General Hospital where it supposedly will connect to also planned new Rhodes
City- Airport expressway. Plans also exist for a new four lane express road connecting Rhodes Town with Diagoras Airport
Diagoras Airport
that is intended to relieve congestion on the coastal west avenue. The so called Leoforos Mesogeion is vastly anticipated and is a top priority for local authorities.

Bus[edit] Bus services are handled by two operators:[50]

RODA: Rhodes City
Rhodes City
company that also services suburban areas (Faliraki, Ialysos, Kremasti, Airport, Pastida, Maritsa, Paradeisi) and the west coast of the island KTEL: State-owned buses that serve villages and resorts in the east coast of the island

Cars and motorbikes[edit] Families in Rhodes
often own more than one car, along with a motorbike. Traffic jams are common particularly in the summer months. The island is served by 450 taxis. Sports[edit]

Diagoras Stadium
Diagoras Stadium
in the city of Rhodes

Football: AS Rodos
AS Rodos
and Diagoras F.C.
Diagoras F.C.
are the island's biggest teams and rivals. Both used to compete at the national level until a couple of years ago reaching National B' division but currently both compete at the first-tier local level. Local football leagues (organized at the prefecture level) contain three divisions with more than 50 teams.[citation needed] Many stadia are grass covered.[citation needed] Basketball: Colossus BC sponsors professional basketball and currently plays in the top-level Greek Basket League. The local league includes two divisions with 14 teams.[citation needed] Two indoor courts exist in Rhodes
City, and one each in Ialysos
and Kremasti.[citation needed] Volleyball: local teams only. Water polo: mostly amateur based. There is not any single indoor pool on the island. Rugby: introduced in 2007. Teams compete at the national level.[citation needed] Tennis: tennis has a long history on the island.[citation needed] Sailing: Island has competed at the international level[citation needed] Cycling: for a long period of time Rhodes
had the only cycling track in Greece, producing Olympics-level competitors.[citation needed] Rhodes
competes in the bi-annual Island Games, which it hosted in 2007.[51]


Pitaroudia, a traditional chickpea dumpling from Rhodes
and Dodecanese

Local specialties of Rhodes
include avranies, koulouria, pouggia, tsirigia, fanouropita, katimeria, melekouni, pouggakia, takakia, or mantinades, muchalebi and pitaroudia.[citation needed] The pitaroudia is a large chick pea fritter, and is a characteristic dish in Rhodes.[52] Notable people[edit]

Diagoras of Rhodes
Diagoras of Rhodes
carried in the stadium by his two sons

Agesander (1st century BC), sculptor Apollonius (3rd century BC), epic poet Chares of Lindos
(3rd century BC), sculptor Cleobulus of Lindos
(6th century BC), philosopher and one of the Seven Sages of Ancient Greece Diagoras (5th century BC), boxer, multiple Olympic winner Dinocrates
(4th century BC), architect and technical adviser for Alexander the Great Hecato (c. 100 BC), Stoic philosopher Hieronymus, (c.290-c.230 BC), Peripatetic philosopher Hipparchus, (2nd century BC), astronomer, mathematician, geographer, founder of trigonometry Leonidas (2nd century BC), athlete Memnon (380–333 BC), commander of mercenary army Mentor (385-340 BC), mercenary soldier, brother of Memnon Panaetius
(c. 185 - c. 110/109 BC), Stoic philosopher Timocreon
(5th century BC), poet Joannicius II of Constantinople, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Reşit Galip, Turkish politician, one of the first ministers of education of the Republic of Turkey Niki Xanthou, long jumper Nick Galis, basketball player, FIBA Hall of Fame
FIBA Hall of Fame
and Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame member (his father was born in a small village called Agios Isidoros) Braith Anasta, rugby league player and NRL
premiership winner (ancestral ties to the island through his father, Petros ("Peter") Anastasakis) Lawrence Durrell, writer and poet, author of the Alexandria
Quartet, resided on Rhodes
1945-1947. In 1953 his travel book about Rhodes
- Reflections on a Marine Venus - was published.

Tourism[edit] Rhodes
is one of the most attractive tourist destinations in Greece. After Crete
the island is the most visited destination in Greece, with arrivals standing at 1.785.305 in 2013. In 2014 they stood at 1.931.005, while in 2015 the arrival number reduced slightly and stood at 1.901.000. The average length of stay is estimated at 8 days. Guests from Great Britain, Israel, France, Italy, Sweden and Norway are the ones that constitute the biggest portion in terms of the arrivals by country.[53] In Rhodes
the supply of available rooms is high, since more than 550 hotels are operating in the island, the majority of which are 2 star hotels.[53] Additionally, in terms of competitiveness, the World Tourism Organization ranks Greece
in the 31st position globally.[54] Panoramas[edit] Rhodes
harbor 2017:

panorama 2017:

See also[edit]


Brygindara Ancient regions of Anatolia


^ a b Kallikratis law Greece
Ministry of Interior (in Greek) ^ "Rhodes". Visit Greece.  ^ Paul Hellander, Greece, 2008 ^ Duncan Garwood, Mediterranean Europe, 2009 ^ Ryan Ver Berkmoes, Oliver Berry, Geert Cole, David Else, Western Europe, 2009 ^ Harry Coccossis, Alexandra Mexa, The challenge of tourism carrying capacity assessment: theory and practice, 2004 ^ Anthony Bale, trans., The Book of Marvels and Travels, Oxford 2012, ISBN 0199600600, p. 16 and footnote ^ Encyclopedia Britannica entry for Rhodes ^ "Geography and Geomorphology - South Aegean". www.aegeanislands.gr.  ^ Marco, M; Cavallaro, A; Pecchioli, E & Vernesi, C (2006-11-11), "Artificial Occurrence of the Fallow Deer, Dama dama dama (L., 1758), on the Island of Rhodes
(Greece): Insight from mtDNA Analysis", Human Evolution, 21, No. 2: 167–175, doi:10.1007/s11598-006-9014-9  ^ "Rhodes, Greece, 1481". Jan Kozak Collection: KZ13, The Earthquake Engineering Online Archive.  ^ Ambraseys, N. N.; Adams, R. D. (1998). "The Rhodes
earthquake of 26 June 1926". Journal of Seismology. 2 (3): 267–292. doi:10.1023/A:1009706415417.  ^ "Earthquake's aftermath". Discover Rhodes. Retrieved 16 July 2008.  ^ "Climatology - Rodos". Hellinic National Meteorological Service. Retrieved 24 March 2017.  ^ " Rhodes
Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 1, 2015.  ^ a b "Rhodes, Greece
- Climate data". Weather Atlas. Retrieved 24 March 2017.  ^ B. d'Agostino, "Funerary customs and society on Rhodes
in the Geometric Period: some observations", in E. Herring and I. Lemos, eds. Across Frontiers: Etruscans, Greeks, Phoenicians and Cypriots. Studies in Honour of D. Ridgway and F.R. Serra Ridgway 2006:57-69. ^ The Historical
Library of Diodorus Siculus, Book V, ch.III. Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ Iliad
2.653-654 ^ Sideris A., "Orientalizing Rhodian Jewellery in the Aegean", Cultural Portal
of the Aegean Archipelago, Athens
2007. ^ A. Agelarakis"Demographic Dynamics and Funerary Rituals as Reflected from Rhodian Handra Urns", Archival Report, Archaeological and Historical
Institute of Rhodes, 2005 ^ He wrote about Jason
and Medea
in the Argonautica. ^ Boardman, 199-201 ^ Polybius
(1889). Friedrich Otto Hultsch, ed. The Histories of Polybius. London: Macmillan & Co. pp. xxviii. 14, 15, xxix. 4, 7.  ^ On Rhodes
in antiquity see esp. R.M. Berthold, Rhodes
in the Hellenistic Age Ithaca 1984. ^ See Acts 21. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Timothy E. (1991). "Rhodes". In Kazhdan, Alexander. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 1791–1792. ISBN 0-19-504652-8.  ^ Kia 2016, p. 223. ^ Greatrex & Lieu 2005, p. 197. ^ Howard-Johnston 2006, p. 33. ^ Treadgold, Warren (1997). A History of the Byzantine State and Society. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. p. 313. ISBN 0-8047-2630-2.  ^ Treadgold, Warren (1997). A History of the Byzantine State and Society. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. pp. 325, 327. ISBN 0-8047-2630-2.  ^ Treadgold, Warren (1997). A History of the Byzantine State and Society. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. p. 344. ISBN 0-8047-2630-2.  ^ Brownworth, Lars (2009). Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization. Crown. p. 233. ISBN 978-0-307-40795-5. ... the Muslims captured Ephesus
in 1090 and spread out to the Greek islands. Chios, Rhodes, and Lesbos
fell in quick succession.  ^ Mueller, Edwin (1930). Die Poststempel auf der Freimarken-Ausgabe 1867 von Österreich und Ungarn.  ^ Mueller, Edwin (1961). Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864. p. 217.  ^ "Acropolis if Rhodes:Information". Retrieved 15 May 2013.  ^ "Καθολικη Εκκλησια Τησ Ροδου". Catholicchurchrhodes.com. Retrieved 2009-03-22.  ^ Turkish wedding in Rhodes
attended by Abdullah Gül (in Turkish) ^ Ürkek bir siyasetin tarih önündeki ağır vebali: Oniki ada : hatalı kararlar, acı kayıplar at Google Books ^ "MUM GİBİ ERİYORLAR".  ^ "T.C. Dışişleri Bakanlığı'ndan".  ^ See Angel, Marc. The Jews of Rhodes: The History of a Sephardic Community. Sepher-Hermon Press Inc. and The Union of Sephardic Congregations. New York: 1978 (1st ed.), 1980 (2nd ed.), 1998 (3rd ed.). ^ "History of Jewish Greece". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ "The Virtual Jewish History Tour — Greece". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ F.Fornol: Lachania ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 September 2015.  ^ Cite error: The named reference census11 was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ "3comma14.gr".  ^ "Bus schedule" (PDF). Ministry of Economy, Development and Tourism.  ^ International Island Games Association
International Island Games Association
website. Retrieved 27Jun08. ^ Summer, A. (2015). 100 Places in Greece
Every Woman Should Go. 100 Places. Travelers' Tales. p. 182. ISBN 978-1-60952-108-0. Retrieved June 22, 2017.  ^ a b sete.gr ^ world tourism organization competitiveness ranking


Boardman, John ed., The Oxford History of Classical Art, 1993, OUP, ISBN 0198143869 Greatrex, Geoffrey; Lieu, Samuel N. C. (2005). The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars AD 363-628. Routledge. ISBN 978-1134756469.  Howard-Johnston, J.D. (2006). East Rome, Sasanian Persia and the End of Antiquity: Historiographical and Historical
Studies. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 978-0860789925.  Kia, Mehrdad (2016). he Persian Empire: A Historical
Encyclopedia [2 volumes]: A Historical
Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1610693912.  Nicolle, David (1996), Sassanian Armies: the Iranian Empire Early 3rd to Mid-7th Centuries AD, Stockport: Montvert, ISBN 978-1-874101-08-6 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutRhodesat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

Official website Beaches in Rhodes

v t e


The 12 major islands

Astypalaia Kalymnos Karpathos Kasos Kastellorizo
(Megisti) Kos Leros Nisyros Patmos Rhodes Symi Tilos

Minor islands

Adelfoi Syrnas Islets Agathonisi Agioi Theodoroi Halkis Agreloussa Alimia Antitilos Anydros Patmou Archangelos Arefoussa Arkoi Armathia Astakida Chalavra Chalki Chamili Chiliomodi Patmou Chondros Chteni Faradonesia Farmakonisi Fokionisia Fragos Gaidaros Glaros Kinarou Gyali Imia/Kardak Kalolimnos Kalovolos Kamilonisi Kandeloussa Karavolas Rodou Kinaros Koubelonisi Kouloundros Kouloura Leipson Kounoupoi Koutsomytis Leipsoi Levitha Makronisi Kasou Makronisi Leipson Makry Aspronisi Leipson Makry Halkis Marathos Marmaras Mavra Levithas Megalo Aspronisi Leipson Megalo Glaronisi Megalo Sofrano Mesonisi Seirinas Mikro Glaronisi Mikro Sofrano Nimos Pacheia Nisyrou Pergoussa Piganoussa Pitta Plati Pserimou Plati Symis Pontikousa Prasonisi Prasouda Pserimos Safonidi Ro Saria Seirina Sesklio Strongyli Kritinias Strongyli Megistis Telendos Tragonisi Zaforas

v t e

Administrative division of the Southern Aegean
Southern Aegean

Area 5,286 km2 (2,041 sq mi) Population 309,015 (as of 2011) Municipalities 34 (since 2011) Capital Ermoupoli

Regional unit of Andros


Regional unit of Kalymnos

Agathonisi Astypalaia Kalymnos Leipsoi Leros Patmos

Regional unit of Karpathos

Karpathos Kasos

Regional unit of Kea-Kythnos

Kea Kythnos

Regional unit of Kos

Kos Nisyros

Regional unit of Milos

Kimolos Milos Serifos Sifnos

Regional unit of Mykonos


Regional unit of Naxos

Amorgos Naxos
and Lesser Cyclades

Regional unit of Paros

Antiparos Paros

Regional unit of Rhodes

Chalki Kastellorizo Rhodes Symi Tilos

Regional unit of Syros


Regional unit of Thira

Anafi Folegandros Ios Sikinos Thira (Santorini)

Regional unit of Tinos


Regional governor Giorgos Hadjimarkos (since 2014) Decentralized Administration Aegean

v t e

Subdivisions of the municipality of Rhodes

Municipal unit of Afantou

Afantou Archipoli

Municipal unit of Archangelos

Archangelos Malonas Masari

Municipal unit of Attavyros

Agios Isidoros Embonas Kritinia Monolithos Siana

Municipal unit of Ialysos


Municipal unit of Kallithea

Kalythies Koskinou Psinthos

Municipal unit of Kameiros

Apollona Dimylia Fanes Kalavarda Platania Salakos Soroni

Municipal unit of Lindos

Kalathos Laerma Lardos Lindos Pylonas

Municipal unit of Petaloudes

Damatria Kremasti Maritsa Paradeisi Pastida Theologos

Municipal unit of Rhodes


Municipal unit of South Rhodes

Apolakkia Arnitha Asklipieio Gennadi Istrios Kattavia Lachania Mesanagros Profilia Vati

v t e

Aegean Sea



 Greece  Turkey


Aegean civilizations Aegean dispute Aegean Islands

Aegean Islands


Amorgos Anafi Andros Antimilos Antiparos Delos Despotiko Donousa Folegandros Gyaros Ios Irakleia Kardiotissa Kea Keros Kimolos Koufonisia Kythnos Milos Mykonos Naxos Paros Polyaigos Rineia Santorini Schoinoussa Serifopoula Serifos Sifnos Sikinos Syros Therasia Tinos Vous


Agathonisi Arkoi Armathia Alimia Astakida Astypalaia Çatalada Chamili Farmakonisi Gaidaros Gyali Halki Imia/Kardak Kalolimnos Kalymnos Kandelioussa Kara Ada Karpathos Kasos Kinaros Kos Küçük Tavşan Adası Leipsoi
(Lipsi) Leros Levitha
(Lebynthos) Nimos Nisyros Pacheia Patmos Platy Pserimos Rhodes Salih Ada Saria Symi Syrna Telendos Tilos Zaforas

North Aegean

Agios Efstratios Agios Minas Ammouliani Ayvalık Islands Büyük Ada Chios Chryse Cunda Foça Islands Fournoi Korseon Icaria Imbros Koukonesi Lemnos Lesbos Metalik Ada Nisiopi Oinousses Pasas Psara Samiopoula Samos Samothrace Tenedos Thasos Thymaina Uzunada Zourafa


Aegina Agios Georgios Agistri Dokos Hydra Poros Psyttaleia Salamis Spetses


Adelfoi Islets Agios Georgios Skopelou Alonnisos Argos
Skiathou Dasia Erinia Gioura Grammeza Kyra Panagia Lekhoussa Peristera Piperi Psathoura Repi Sarakino Skandili Skantzoura Skiathos Skopelos Skyropoula Skyros Tsoungria Valaxa


Afentis Christos Agia Varvara Agioi Apostoloi Agioi Pantes Agioi Theodoroi Agios Nikolaos Anavatis Arnaouti Aspros Volakas Avgo Crete Daskaleia Dia Diapori Dionysades Elasa Ftena Trachylia Glaronisi Gramvousa Grandes Kalydon (Spinalonga) Karavi Karga Katergo Kavallos Kefali Kolokythas Koursaroi Kyriamadi Lazaretta Leon Mavros Mavros
Volakas Megatzedes Mochlos Nikolos Palaiosouda Peristeri Peristerovrachoi Petalida Petalouda Pontikaki Pontikonisi Praso (Prasonisi) Prosfora Pseira Sideros Souda Valenti Vryonisi


Antikythera Euboea Kythira Makronisos

v t e

Landmarks of Rhodes


Acropolis of Rhodes Aquarium of Rhodes Evangelismos Church Medieval City

Archaeological Museum of Rhodes Fortifications of Rhodes Grand Master's Palace Hafiz Ahmed Agha Library Kahal Shalom Synagogue La Juderia Suleiman Mosque

New Market (Mandraki) Port of Rhodes Puccini Theatre Rhodes
Footbridge Rodini Park Temple of Aphrodite

Rest of the island

Archangelos Faliraki Ialysos Kameiros Kritinia Lindos
(Acropolis of Lindos) Monolithos Petaloudes Prasonisi


Colossus of Rhodes

v t e

Ancient Greece

Outline Timeline

History Geography


Cycladic civilization Minoan civilization Mycenaean civilization Greek Dark Ages Archaic period Classical Greece Hellenistic Greece Roman Greece


Aegean Sea Aeolis Alexandria Antioch Cappadocia Crete Cyprus Doris Ephesus Epirus Hellespont Ionia Ionian Sea Macedonia Magna Graecia Miletus Peloponnesus Pergamon Pontus Taurica Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek

City states Politics Military

City states

Argos Athens Byzantion Chalcis Corinth Eretria Kerkyra Larissa Megalopolis Megara Rhodes Samos Sparta Syracuse Thebes


Boeotarch Boule Koinon Proxeny Strategos Tagus Tyrant Amphictyonic League


Agora Areopagus Ecclesia Graphē paranómōn Heliaia Ostracism


Apella Ephor Gerousia Harmost


Synedrion Koinon


Wars Athenian military Antigonid Macedonian army Army of Macedon Ballista Cretan archers Hellenistic armies Hippeis Hoplite Hetairoi Macedonian phalanx Phalanx Peltast Pezhetairos Sarissa Sacred Band of Thebes Sciritae Seleucid army Spartan army Toxotai Xiphos Xyston


List of ancient Greeks


Kings of Argos Archons of Athens Kings of Athens Kings of Commagene Diadochi Kings of Lydia Kings of Macedonia Kings of Paionia Attalid kings of Pergamon Kings of Pontus Kings of Sparta Tyrants of Syracuse


Anaxagoras Anaximander Anaximenes Antisthenes Aristotle Democritus Diogenes of Sinope Empedocles Epicurus Gorgias Heraclitus Hypatia Leucippus Parmenides Plato Protagoras Pythagoras Socrates Thales Zeno


Aeschylus Aesop Alcaeus Archilochus Aristophanes Bacchylides Euripides Herodotus Hesiod Hipponax Homer Ibycus Lucian Menander Mimnermus Panyassis Philocles Pindar Plutarch Polybius Sappho Simonides Sophocles Stesichorus Theognis Thucydides Timocreon Tyrtaeus Xenophon


Agesilaus II Agis II Alcibiades Alexander the Great Aratus Archimedes Aspasia Demosthenes Epaminondas Euclid Hipparchus Hippocrates Leonidas Lycurgus Lysander Milo of Croton Miltiades Pausanias Pericles Philip of Macedon Philopoemen Praxiteles Ptolemy Pyrrhus Solon Themistocles


Philosophers Playwrights Poets Tyrants

By culture

Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
tribes Thracian Greeks Ancient Macedonians

Society Culture


Agriculture Calendar Clothing Coinage Cuisine Economy Education Festivals Funeral and burial practices Homosexuality Law Olympic Games Pederasty Philosophy Prostitution Religion Slavery Warfare Wedding customs Wine

Arts and science


Greek Revival architecture

Astronomy Literature Mathematics Medicine Music

Musical system

Pottery Sculpture Technology Theatre


Funeral and burial practices Mythology

mythological figures

Temple Twelve Olympians Underworld

Sacred places

Eleusis Delphi Delos Dodona Mount Olympus Olympia


Athenian Treasury Lion Gate Long Walls Philippeion Theatre of Dionysus Tunnel of Eupalinos


Aphaea Artemis Athena Nike Erechtheion Hephaestus Hera, Olympia Parthenon Samothrace Zeus, Olympia


Proto-Greek Mycenaean Homeric Dialects

Aeolic Arcadocypriot Attic Doric Ionic Locrian Macedonian Pamphylian



Linear A Linear B Cypriot syllabary Greek alphabet Greek numerals Attic numerals



in Epirus

People Place names Stoae Temples Theatres

Category Portal

v t e

Third Journey of Paul the Apostle

1. Galatia 2. Phrygia 3. Ephesus 4. Macedonia 5. Corinth 6. Cenchreae 7. Macedonia (again) 8. Troas 9. Assos 10. Mytilene 11. Chios 12. Samos 13. Miletus 14. Cos 15. Rhodes 16. Patara 17. Tyre 18. Ptolemais 19. Caesarea 20. Jerusalem

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 233718569 GND: 4049859-1 SE