, mottoeng = Let all come who by merit deserve the most reward , established = , type =
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, endowment = £143 million (2020) , budget = £1.544 billion (2019/20) , chancellor =
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Anne, Princess Royal

(as Chancellor of the
University of London The University of London (UoL; abbreviated as Lond or more rarely Londin in post-nominals Post-nominal letters, also called post-nominal initials, post-nominal titles, designatory letters or simply post-nominals, are letters placed after a p ...
) , provost =
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Sir Geoffrey Vos Sir Geoffrey Charles Vos (born 22 April 1955) is a British judge. Since 11 January 2021, he has served as Master of the Rolls, the head of civil justice in the court system of England and Wales. Early life Vos was born on 22 April 1955 to Bernar ...

, academic_staff = 4,620 (2020) , administrative_staff = 5,375 (2018/19) , students = () , undergrad = () , postgrad = () , coordinates = , campus = Urban , city =
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, England , affiliations = , colours = Indigo and Azure , nickname = , mascot = , website = , logo = University College London, which operates as UCL, is a major
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research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in va ...
located in
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, United Kingdom. UCL is a member institution of the
federal Federal or foederal (archaic) may refer to: Politics General *Federal monarchy, a federation of monarchies *Federation, or ''Federal state'' (federal system), a type of government characterized by both a central (federal) government and states or ...
University of London The University of London (UoL; abbreviated as Lond or more rarely Londin in post-nominals Post-nominal letters, also called post-nominal initials, post-nominal titles, designatory letters or simply post-nominals, are letters placed after a p ...
, and is the second-largest university in the United Kingdom by total enrolment and the largest by postgraduate enrolment. Established in 1826, as London University, by founders inspired by the radical ideas of
Jeremy Bentham Jeremy Bentham (; 15 February 1748 Old_Style_and_New_Style_dates">O.S._4_February_1747.html" ;"title="Old_Style_and_New_Style_dates.html" ;"title="nowiki/>Old Style and New Style dates">O.S. 4 February 1747">Old_Style_and_New_Style_dates.htm ...

Jeremy Bentham
, UCL was the first university institution to be established in London, and the first in England to be entirely secular and to admit students regardless of their religion. UCL also makes contested claims to being the third-oldest university in EnglandThe title of third-oldest university in England is claimed by three institutions: Durham University as the third-oldest officially recognised university (1832) and the third to confer degrees (1837), the University of London as the third university to be granted a Royal Charter (1836), and University College London as it was founded as London University (1826) and was the third-oldest university institution to start teaching (1828). A fourth institution, King's College London, officially claims to be the fourth-oldest university in England; it was the third university institution to receive a Royal Charter (1829) and some claim it as third oldest on that basis. Deciding which is the "third oldest university" depends largely on the definition of university status. and the first to admit women.The
University of Bristol , mottoeng = earning Earning can refer to: *Labour (economics) *Earnings of a company *Merit (disambiguation), Merit {{disambig In 2020, UCL ranked 8th among the universities around the world by SCImago Institutions Rankings. UCL is ranked 18th in the world (2nd in Europe) for number of publications and 18th in the world (6th in Europe) for quality of publications in the 2019 ''CWTS Leiden Ranking''. UCL is ranked 3rd in the world (1st in Europe) in the 2019/20 ''University Ranking by Academic Performance''. UCL is ranked 6th in the world (2nd in Europe) in the 2019 ''National Taiwan University Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities''. UCL is also ranked 10th in the world (4th in Europe) in the 2020 ''Round University Ranking''. In the 2018 ''U.S. News & World Report Best Global University Ranking'', UCL is ranked 22nd in the world (4th in Europe). ;National UCL is ranked as one of the top 10 multi-faculty universities in two of the three main Rankings of universities in the United Kingdom, UK university league tables. These place more emphasis on the undergraduate student experience than global rankings, using criteria such as teaching quality and learning resources, entry standards, employment prospects, research quality and dropout rates. In the 2019 ''Times Higher Education'' "Table of Tables", which is based on the combined results of the UK's three main domestic university rankings, UCL is ranked 10th. Historically, in ''The Sunday Times'' 10-year (1998–2007) average ranking of British universities based on their league table performance, UCL was ranked 5th overall in the UK. UCL was also one of only eight universities (along with the other members of the G5 (universities), G5, University of Bath, Bath, University of St Andrews, St Andrews and University of Warwick, Warwick) to have never been outside the top 15 in one of the three main domestic rankings between 2008 and 2017. In the 2021 ''Complete University Guide'' subject tables, UCL was ranked in the top 10 in 23 subjects out of 40 offered (57.5%). In a 2015 ''Times Higher Education'' study UCL was chosen as the 8th best university in the UK for the quality of graduates according to recruiters from the UK's major companies. According to data released by the Department for Education in 2018, UCL was rated as the 7th best university in the UK for boosting female graduate earnings with female graduates seeing a 15.5% increase in earnings compared to the average graduate, and the 10th best university for males, with male graduates seeing a 16.2% increase in earnings compared to the average graduate.

Publishing and commercial activities

UCL has significant commercial activities and in 2014/15 these generated around £155 million in revenues. UCL's principal commercial activities include UCL Press, UCL Business, UCL Consultants, and catering and accommodation services. UCL has also participated in a number of commercial joint ventures, including EuroTempest Ltd and Imanova Ltd (now part of Invicro).

UCL Business

UCL Business (UCLB) is a technology transfer company which is wholly owned by UCL. It has three main activities: licensing technologies, creating spin-out companies, and project management. UCLB supports spin-out companies in areas including discovery disclosure, commercialisation, business plan development, contractual advice, incubation support, recruitment of management teams and identification of investors. In the area of licensing technoloiges, UCLB provides commercial, legal and administrative advice to help companies broker licensing agreements. UCLB also provides UCL departments and institutes with project management services for single or multi-party collaborative industry projects. UCLB had a turnover of £8 million in 2014/15 and as at 31 July 2015 had equity holdings in 61 companies.

UCL Consultants

UCL Consultants (UCLC) is an academic consultancy services company which is wholly owned by UCL. It provides four main service offerings: Academic Consultancy, Bespoke Short Courses, Testing & Analysis and Expert Witness. As of 31 July 2018, UCLC had over 1,900 registered consultants. UCLC had a turnover of £17.8 million in 2018/19.

UCL Press

UCL Press is a university press wholly owned by UCL. It was the first fully open access university press in the UK, and publishes monographs, textbooks and other academic books in a wide range of academic areas which are available to download for free, in addition to a number of journals. As of February 2021, UCL Press had had more than 4 million downloads of its open access books.


Imanova is a joint venture company of UCL, Imperial College London, King's College London and the Medical Research Council which owns and manages the Clinical Imaging Centre located at Imperial College London's Hammersmith Hospital campus.

Student life

Student body

In the 2014/15 academic year, UCL had a total of 35,615 students, of whom 16,830 were undergraduate and 18,785 were postgraduate. In that year, UCL had the List of universities in the United Kingdom by enrolment, third-largest total number of students of any university in the United Kingdom (after the Open University and the University of Manchester), and the largest number of postgraduate students. In 2013/14, 87% of UCL's students were full-time and 13% part-time, and 54% were female and 46% male. In 2013/14, 12,330 UCL students were from outside the UK (43% of the total number of students in that year), of whom 5,504 were from Asia, 3,679 from the European Union ex. the United Kingdom, 1,195 from North America, 516 from the Middle East, 398 from Africa, 254 from Central and South America, and 166 from Australasia. As of 31 July 2015, UCL had around 220,000 alumni across 190 countries, of whom around 137,000 were based in the United Kingdom (and approximately 60,000 were based in London). The largest alumni communities outside of the UK are in the United States, Greece and China.

Students' union

Founded in 1893, Students' Union UCL, formerly the UCL Union, is one of the oldest students' unions in England, although postdating the Liverpool Guild of Students which formed a student representative council in 1892. UCL Union operates both as the representative voice for UCL students, and as a provider of a wide range of services. It is democratically controlled through General Meetings and referendums, and is run by elected student officers. The union also supports a range of services, including numerous clubs and societies, sports facilities, an advice service, and a number of bars, cafes and shops. there are over 250 clubs and societies under the umbrella of the UCL Union. These include: UCL Snowsports (one of the largest sports society at UCL, responsible for organising the annual UCL ski trip), UCL Pi Media, Pi Media (responsible for ''Pi Magazine'' and ''Pi Newspaper'', UCL's official student publications), the UCL Union Debating Society, UCL's second oldest society (established 1829),, The UCL M&A Group (The UK's largest society dedicated towards enhancing access into careers in investment banking), and the UCL Union Film Society, one of the country's oldest film societies with past members including Christopher Nolan.


The union runs over 70 sports clubs, including the UCL Cricket Club (Men's and Women's), University College London Boat Club, UCL Boat Club (Men's and Women's clubs), UCL Running, Athletics and Cross Country Club (RAX), and UCL Rugby Club (Men's and Women's), as well as UCL Medical School#Student societies, RUMS sports clubs, open for Medical students. UCL clubs compete in inter-university fixtures in the British Universities and Colleges Sport (BUCS) competition in a range of sports, including athletics, basketball, cricket, fencing, football, hockey, netball, rugby union and tennis. In the 2014/15 season, UCL finished in 24th position in the final BUCS rankings of 151 participating higher education institutions. UCL sports facilities include a fitness centre at the main UCL campus in Bloomsbury, a sports centre in Somers Town, London, Somers Town and a 90-acre athletics ground in Shenley.


UCL mascot is Phineas Maclino, or Phineas, a wooden tobacconist's sign of a kilted Jacobite Highlander stolen from outside a shop in Tottenham Court Road during the celebrations of the relief of Ladysmith, part of the Second Boer War, in March 1900. This establishment of mascots at both UCL and King's saw the beginning of mascotry, where Phineas would be kidnapped by King's and then this act would be avenged by UCL. In 1922, Phineas was briefly stolen by King's, and later during the 1927 rag the King's mascot King's College London Students' Union#Mascot, Reggie the Lion was captured by UCL students and his body filled with rotten apples. During the same year, an attempt by King's students to capture Phineas led to the impressive "Battle of Gower Street," caught on camera by British Pathe. In 1993, the university's centenary year, Phineas was placed in the third floor bar of 25 Gordon Street and the bar named after him.

Rivalry with King's College London

UCL has a long-running, mostly friendly rivalry with
King's College London King's College London (informally King's or KCL) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or ...
, which has historically been known as "Rags". UCL students have been referred to by students from King's as the "Godless Scum of Gower Street", in reference to a comment made at the founding of King's, which was based on Christian principles. UCL students in turn referred to King's as "Strand Polytechnic". The King's mascot, King's College London Students' Union#Mascot, Reggie the Lion, went missing in the 1990s and was recovered after being found dumped in a field. It was restored at the cost of around £15,000 and then placed on display in the students' union. It is in a glass case and filled with concrete to prevent theft, particularly by UCL students who once castrated it. In turn, King's students are also believed to have once stolen Phineas, a UCL mascot. It is often claimed that King's students played football with the embalmed head of
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Jeremy Bentham
. Although King's students indeed stole the head in October 1975, as well as the model wax head in 1990, the football story is a myth or legend which is unsupported by official UCL documentation about Bentham available next to his display case (his auto-icon) in the UCL cloisters. The head is now kept in the UCL vaults.

Student campaigns

Student campaigns at UCL have included: UCLU Free Education Campaign (a campaign for the return of free and non-marketised higher education); the London Living wage Campaign (a campaign for a basic minimum wage for all UCL staff); Disarm UCL (a campaign which successfully persuaded UCL not to invest in defence companies); and Save UCL (this name has been used by two campaigns: one in 2006 which opposed a merger between UCL and Imperial College London in 2006, and a more recent one against education cuts). As part of the 2010 UK student protests, protests against the UK government's plans to increase student fees, around 200 students occupied the Jeremy Bentham Room and part of the
Slade School of Fine Art The UCL Slade School of Fine Art (informally The Slade) is the art school of University College London (UCL) and is based in London, England. The school is organised as a department of UCL's UCL Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Faculty of Arts a ...
for over two weeks during November and December 2010. The university successfully obtained a court order to evict the students but stated that it did not intend to enforce the order if possible. Student campaigns around university run accommodation at UCL have gained momentum in recent years. In 2016, over 1000 students withholding rent and went on rent strike in protest of high rents and poor conditions. This rent strike was claimed by its organisers to have won over £1 million in rent cuts, freezes and grants from UCL. Since 2016, there have been rent strikes in 2017, leading to UCL pledging around £1.4 million in bursaries and rent freezes, mostly in the form of bursaries for less well-off students which were set at £600,000 per year for the 2017/18 and 2018/19 academic years. Another rent strike was held at two halls of residence in the third term of the 2017/18 academic year due to complaints over conditions at those Harris.

Student housing

All first-year undergraduate students and overseas first-year postgraduates at UCL are guaranteed university accommodation. The majority of second- and third-year undergraduate students and graduate students find their own accommodation in the private sector; graduate students and affiliate students may apply for accommodation but places are limited. UCL students are eligible to apply for places in the University of London intercollegiate halls of residence. The halls are: Canterbury Hall, Commonwealth Hall, College Hall, Connaught Hall, London, Connaught Hall, Hughes Parry Hall, London, Hughes Parry Hall and International Hall, London, International Hall near Russell Square in
Bloomsbury Bloomsbury is a district in the West End of London The West End of London (commonly referred to as the West End) is a district of Central London Central London is the innermost part of London London is the capital city, capital ...

; Lillian Penson Hall in Paddington; and Nutford House, London, Nutford House in Marble Arch. Some students are also selected to live in International Students House, London, International Students House and Goodenough College. In 2013, a new student accommodation building on Caledonian Road, London, Caledonian Road was awarded the Carbuncle Cup and named the country's worst new building by ''Building Design'' magazine, with the comment "this is a building that the jury struggled to see as remotely fit for human occupation". Islington Council had originally turned down planning permission for the building, but this had been overturned on appeal.

Notable people

UCL alumni include Mahatma Gandhi (leader of the Indian independence moment and is considered the Father of the Nation, Father of the Nation of India), Alexander Graham Bell (inventor of the telephone), Francis Crick (co-discoverer of the structure of DNA), William Stanley Jevons (early pioneer of modern Economics), Jomo Kenyatta ("Father of the Nation" of Kenya), Kwame Nkrumah (founder of Ghana and "Father of African Nationalism") and Charles K. Kao ("Godfather of broadband"). Notable former staff include Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk ("Father of the Nation" of Czechoslovakia"), Peter Higgs (proposer of the Higgs mechanism which predicted the existence of the Higgs boson), Lucian Freud (artist) and William Ramsay, Sir William Ramsay (discoverer of all of the naturally occurring noble gases). Nobel Prizes have been awarded to List of Nobel laureates affiliated with University College London, at least 30 UCL academics and students (17 of which were in Physiology & Medicine), as well as three Fields Medals. File:Mohandas K. Gandhi, portrait.jpg, Mahatma Gandhi File:Alexander Graham Bell.jpg, Alexander Graham Bell File:Francis Crick 1995.jpg, Francis Crick File:John Stuart Mill by London Stereoscopic Company, c1870.jpg, John Stuart Mill File:Alfred Edward Housman.jpeg, A. E. Housman File:Picture of jevons.jpg, William Stanley Jevons File:Marie Stopes.jpg, Marie Stopes File:Tagore3.jpg, Rabindranath Tagore File:Gustav Holst.jpg, Gustav Holst File:Lister Joseph.jpg, Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, Joseph Lister File:Otto Hahn (Nobel).jpg, Otto Hahn File:Nobel Prize 24 2013.jpg, Peter Higgs File:Charles K. Kao cropped 2.jpg, Charles K. Kao File:Demis Hassabis Royal Society.jpg, Demis Hassabis File:Christopher Nolan, London, 2013 (crop).jpg, Christopher Nolan File:Chris Martin of Coldplay.jpg, Chris Martin File:Ricky Gervais 2010.jpg, Ricky Gervais

Notable faculty and staff

Notable former UCL faculty and staff include Jocelyn Bell Burnell (co-discoverer of radio pulsars), A. S. Byatt (writer), Ronald Dworkin (legal philosopher and scholar of constitutional law), John Austin (legal philosopher), John Austin (legal philosopher, founder of legal positivism, analytical jurisprudence), Jack Drummond, Sir Jack Drummond (noted for his work on nutrition as applied to the British diet under rationing during the Second World War), A.J. Ayer, Sir A.J. Ayer (philosopher), Sir Ambrose Fleming (inventor of the first thermionic valve, the fundamental building block of electronics), Lucian Freud (painter), Andrew Goldberg (surgeon), Andrew Goldberg (chairman of Medical Futures), Peter Higgs (the proposer of the Higgs mechanism, which predicted the existence of the Higgs boson), Andrew Huxley (physiology, physiologist and biophysics, biophysicist), William Stanley Jevons (economist), Frank Kermode, Sir Frank Kermode (literary critic), A. E. Housman (classical scholar, and poet), Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (first List of Presidents of Czechoslovakia, President of Czechoslovakia and "Father of the Nation"), John Stuart Mill (philosopher), Peter T. Kirstein (computer scientist, significant role in the creation of the Internet), George R. Price (population genetics, population geneticist), Edward Teller ("Father of the Hydrogen Bomb"), David Kemp (physicist), David Kemp (the first scientist to demonstrate the existence of the otoacoustic emissions), Dadabhai Naoroji (Indian Parsi leader, the first Asian to be elected to UK House of Commons), Hannah Fry (data scientist, mathematician and BBC presenter) and Carl Gombrich (opera singer and university founder). All five of the naturally occurring
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were discovered at UCL by Professor of Chemistry William Ramsay, Sir William Ramsay, after whom Ramsay Hall is named. Hormones were first discovered at UCL by William Bayliss and Ernest Starling, the former also an alumnus of UCL.

Notable alumni

Notable UCL alumni include: * Artists including Dora Carrington (painter), William Coldstream, Sir William Coldstream (realist painter), Wyndham Lewis (vorticist painter), Antony Gormley (sculptor), Augustus John (painter, draughtsman and etcher), Gerry Judah (artist and designer), Ben Nicholson (abstract painter), Eduardo Paolozzi, Sir Eduardo Paolozzi (sculptor and artist), and Ibrahim el-Salahi (artist painter and former diplomat); * Authors including Edith Clara Batho, Raymond Briggs, Robert Browning, Amit Chaudhuri, G. K. Chesterton, David Crystal, Stella Gibbons, Clive Sansom, Tom Knox (author), Sean Thomas, Marie Stopes, Helen MacInnes, Chioma Okereke, Rabindranath Tagore, Demetrius Vikelas (who was also the first Presidents of the International Olympic Committee, President of the International Olympic Committee), and Marianne Winder; * Business-oriented people including Colin Chapman (founder of Lotus Cars), Demis Hassabis (co-founder and CEO of DeepMind), Lord Digby Jones (former Director-General of the Confederation of British Industry), Edwin Waterhouse (founding partner of the professional services firm PwC), Sharon White (businesswoman), Dame Sharon White (chairman of the John Lewis Partnership and former chief executive of Ofcom), and billionaire Farhad Moshiri (Everton F.C. part owner); * Medical researchers and specialists including G. Marius Clore (molecular biophysicist and structural biologist at the National Institutes of Health, pioneer of biological NMR spectroscopy), Archie Cochrane (medic, researcher, and pioneer of evidence-based medicine), Terence Coderre (Professor of Medicine and Harold Griffith Chair in Anaesthesia Research at McGill University), Jane Dacre (current president of the Royal College of Physicians), Jeremy Farrar (current Director of the Wellcome Trust), Clare Gerada (previous president of the Royal College of General Practitioners), Marc Tessier-Lavigne (current president of Stanford University), Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, Joseph Lister (pioneer of antiseptic surgery), Barbara Low (founder member of the British Psychoanalytical Society), Clare Marx (current president of the Royal College of Surgeons of England) and Kirsten McCaffery (Principal Research Fellow and Director of Research at the Sydney School of Public Health); * Engineers and scientists including Alexander Graham Bell (inventor of the telephone), Francis Crick (co-discoverer of the structure of DNA), Hans Eysenck (psychologist who created the modern scientific theory of personality), John Ambrose Fleming (inventor of the vacuum tube), David Jewitt (co-discoverer of the Kuiper belt), Jaroslav Heyrovský (father of the electroanalytical method), Charles Kuen Kao (pioneer of the use of fibre optics in telecommunications), Donald Prell (psychologist and Futurologist), Arthur Blok (first administrative head of the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology), Israel Dostrovsky (Israeli physical chemist and fifth president of the Weizmann Institute of Science), Edgar Claxton (part of the 1960s team which electrified mainline British railways); Sue Jones (computational biologist), Sue Jones (Bioinformatics group leader at the James Hutton Institute). Nigel Bonner, William Nigel Bonner an ecologist and zoologist specialised in marine mammals, retired from British Antarctic Survey. Freda Nkirote, Director of the British Institute in Eastern Africa (BIEA) and President of the Pan-African Archaeological Association. * Entertainers, musicians, composers and filmmakers including Ken Adam (designer famous for set designs for the James Bond films), Brett Anderson (lead singer of the band Suede (band), Suede), Justine Frischmann (lead singer of the band Elastica), Ricky Gervais (comedian and actor), Gustav Holst (composer), all of the members of the band Coldplay (Chris Martin, Jonny Buckland, Guy Berryman and Will Champion), Christopher Nolan (director of films including ''The Dark Knight saga''), Franny Armstrong (director), Jim Loach, film and television director, Tim Rice-Oxley and Richard Hughes (musician), Richard Hughes (members of the band Keane (band), Keane), and Jonathan Ross (television presenter), Jonathan Ross (television presenter); * Activists, journalists and commentators including A. A. Gill (columnist), three former editors of ''The Economist'', most notably Walter Bagehot, two editors of ''The Times Literary Supplement'', Jonathan Dimbleby (television and radio current affairs presenter), Roly Drower (satirist and activist), Tom Dyckhoff (architecture critic and TV presenter), former ITN Home Affairs Correspondent Sarah Cullen, Aliza Ayaz (international climate activist through United Nations and House of Lords), and Simon Inglis (architectural historian and sports writer); Dr. Alexandra Bulat (first Romanians, Romanian elected to an English county council and advocate for EU citizens during Brexit); * Politicians including Mahatma Gandhi (leader of the Indian independence movement), Jomo Kenyatta (first Prime Minister, first president and "Father of the Nation" of Kenya), Kwame Nkrumah (first prime minister, president and "Founder" of Ghana and "Father" of African Nationalism), Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam (first Prime Minister and "Father of the Nation" of Mauritius), Chaim Herzog (former President of Israel), Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (first Prime Minister of Nigeria), Itō Hirobumi (first Prime Minister of Japan), Junichiro Koizumi (former prime minister of Japan), Wu Tingfang (acting premier during the early years of the Republic of China), and Sir Stafford Cripps (former Chancellor of the Exchequer); * Lawyers including a Lord Chancellor (Lord Herschell); Chief Justices of England (Lord Woolf), Hong Kong (Sir William Meigh Goodman, and Sir Yang Ti-liang), the British Supreme Court for China and Japan (Sir Nicholas John Hannen), India (A. S. Anand), Malaysia (Arifin Zakaria), Nigeria (Taslim Olawale Elias), Ghana (Samuel Azu Crabbe), The Straits Settlements (Sir G. Aubrey Goodman) and the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (Rt. Hon. Sir Vincent Floissac); two Masters of the Rolls (Herbert Cozens-Hardy, 1st Baron Cozens-Hardy, Lord Cozens-Hardy and Sir George Jessel (jurist), George Jessel); a permanent judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong, Joseph Fok; and Attorneys-General of England (Peter Goldsmith, Baron Goldsmith, Lord Goldsmith and Baroness Scotland), Grenada (Dia Forrester), Singapore (Tan Boon Teik and Chao Hick Tin), Hong Kong (Thomas Chisholm Anstey), Gambia (Hassan Bubacar Jallow), and Sri Lanka (Dappula de Livera); * Sports people including David Gower (former captain of the England cricket team), Patrick Head (co-founder of the Williams Formula One team), Andrew Simpson (sailor), Andrew Simpson (sailor and Olympic gold medalist), and Christine Ohuruogu (Olympic and World 400 metres gold medalist); * Statisticians including
Karl Pearson Karl Pearson (; born Carl Pearson; 27 March 1857 – 27 April 1936) was an English mathematician A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics Mathematics (from Greek: ) includes the study of such topics ...

Karl Pearson
(founder of the world's first university statistics department at UCL), and Kirstine Smith (credited with the creation of optimal design of experiments); * Religious figures including Francis Lyon Cohen, the first Jewish chaplain in the British Army, and Michael Adler, first Jewish chaplain to serve in a Theatre of War. * Revolutionaries such as Madan Lal Dhingra (1883—1909), an Indian revolutionary, Indian independence movement, pro-independence activist, who, while studying in England, Assassination, assassinated a British raj, British colonial officer Curzon Wyllie, William Hutt Curzon Wyllie, Dhingra was hanged at HM Prison Pentonville, denied Hindu rites and buried by the British authorities. Winston Churchill privately acknowledged Dhingra's Madan Lal Dhingra#Statement, statement "[t]he Finest ever made in the name of Patriotism".

Heads of state, government and international organisations

File:Ito Hirobumi as President of Rikken Seiyu Kai in 1903.jpg, Itō Hirobumi File:Jomo Kenyatta.jpg, Jomo Kenyatta File:Koizumi 2010 cropped.png, Junichiro Koizumi File:Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk cph.3a46477.jpg, Tomáš G. Masaryk File:Kwame Nkrumah (JFKWHP-AR6409-A).jpg, Kwame Nkrumah



Further reading

* *

External links

UCL military personnel, 1914–1918
{{authority control University College London, 1826 establishments in England Educational institutions established in 1826 Russell Group Universities UK University of London