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Thembisa, formerly Tembisa (Dindela), is a large Township (South Africa), township situated to the north of Kempton Park, Gauteng, Kempton Park on the East Rand, Gauteng, South Africa. It was established in 1957 in South Africa, 1957 when black people were resettled from Alexandra, Gauteng, Alexandra and other areas in Edenvale, Gauteng, Edenvale, Kempton Park, Gauteng, Kempton Park, Midrand and Germiston, Gauteng, Germiston.


Etymology

The name ''Thembisa'' is a Nguni languages, Nguni word meaning “''promise''” and “''hope''”, was later misspelled as ''Tembisa''. When the settlement was founded, it carried a lot of hope and promise for a brighter future for its inhabitants. Though its initial residents were forcefully removed from parts of Kempton Park and Edenvale, for the purpose of clearing blacks from "white areas", settling in Thembisa also marked the end of years of harassment by apartheid authorities, and a reprieve from a life of squalor in their previous settlements. Today Thembisa enjoys better infrastructure and its population has grown exponentially in the past 20 years, with its attraction being its location in the heart of Gauteng province's industrial zone. The misspelling was corrected and the township renamed ''Thembisa'' in February 2020.


History

The township was founded in 1957. After the Afrikaner-dominated National Party (South Africa), National Party gained power in 1948 and began to implement apartheid, the pace of forced removals and the creation of townships outside legally designated white areas increased. The Johannesburg council established new townships for black people evicted from the city's freehold areas. In 1956, townships were laid out for particular ethnic groups as part of the state's strategy to sift black people into groupings that would later form the building blocks of the so-called Bantustan, "independent homelands". It is the second largest township in Gauteng, following Soweto. In 1977 the government initiated the Community Councils and in 1982 upgraded them to Town Councils, under the Black Local Authorities Act. The government vested limited powers on these councils but without financial muscle. Therefore, to raise revenue for purposes of developing the townships, the councils increased rent and service charges. This caused the residents in different townships, including Thembisa, to establish civic structures to resist the rent and service charge increases. On 26 July 2016, residents were caught off guard when a tornado hit the area. The twister started in Kempton Park and moved over to Thembisa, causing the most destruction here. Around 20 individuals were seriously injured and in excess of 400 were left destitute. A standout amongst the most noticeable sights was the damage caused to the Phumulani Mall, where the rooftop crumbled after the tornado passed through it.


Transport

The township was not historically allowed to create employment centres within its area, so almost all of its residents commute daily to their employment destinations in places such as Kempton Park, Gauteng, Kempton Park, Olifantsfontein, Pretoria, Johannesburg and Midrand.


Road

Thembisa is connected to Pretoria in the north and Kempton Park, Gauteng, Kempton Park in the south via two main roads, namely the M57 (Johannesburg), M57 Metropolitan Route and the R21 (South Africa), R21 e-toll Highway. The R21 Highway and the M57 Route both bypass Thembisa to the east, with the R21 forming the township's eastern boundary. The northern part of Thembisa is connected to Midrand in the west by the R562 (South Africa), R562 Route (Oilfantsfontein Road). The R562 forms the boundary between Thembisa and Olifantsfontein (Clayville). The main route through the Thembisa town centre is the M18 road (Pretoria), M18 Route, which is formed by two roads (Andrew Mapheto Drive and Reverend RTJ Namane Drive). It connects Thembisa with Olifantsfontein and Centurion, Gauteng, Centurion in the north and with Kempton Park, Gauteng, Kempton Park West in the south.


Rail

Metrorail operates commuter trains between Thembisa and central Johannesburg. Train stations are Thembisa in the east, Limindlela in the center and Leralla in the west. Oakmoor and Olifansfontein stations are in the far east but is serviced by trains heading to Pretoria.


Taxi

Taxi's are used by most people to travel around Thembisa, South Africa and to neighbouring countries.


Harambee Bus

The Harambee bus system goes from Hospital View to OR Tambo International AIrport, OR Tambo International Airport.


Notable people

* Lerato Chabangu - soccer player * Panyaza Lesufi - Gauteng MEC for Education * Tsietsi Mahoa -soccer player * George Maluleka - soccer player * Thabo Matlaba - soccer player * Pearl Modiadie - TV presenter, radio DJ, producer * Refiloe Nt'sekhe - Deputy Federal Chairperson of the Democratic Alliance (South Africa) (DA) * Jerry Sikhosana former soccer player, most famously for Orlando Pirates F.C., coach * Claude Tshidibi - rugby union player * Mthokozisi Yende - soccer player * Lady Zamar - singer, songwriter * Themba Zwane - soccer player * Moses Taiwa Molelekwa - Pianist * Aymos - singer, songwriter


References

{{Authority control Townships in Gauteng Populated places in Ekurhuleni Populated places established in 1957 East Rand