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The speaker of a
deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a meeting of Collective, members who use parliamentary procedure. Etymology In a speech to the electorate at Bristol in 1774, Edmund Burke described the Parliament of Great Britain, British Parliament as a "deliberativ ...
, especially a
legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure i ...
, is its
presiding officerIn a general sense, presiding officer is synonymous with chairperson. Politics *Presiding Officer of the National Assembly for Wales, the Speaker of the National Assembly for Wales *Presiding Officer of the Northern Ireland Assembly *Presiding Offic ...
, or the chair. The title was first used in 1377 in
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
.


Usage

The title was first recorded in 1377 to describe the role of
Thomas de Hungerford Stained glass window of Sir Thomas Hungerford, Farley Church. Sir Thomas de Hungerford (died 3 December 1397) of Farleigh Castle Farleigh Hungerford Castle, sometimes called Farleigh Castle or Farley Castle, is a medieval castle in Farleigh ...
in the
Parliament of England The Parliament of England was the legislature A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who u ...
.Lee Vol 28, pp. 257,258. The speaker's official role is to moderate debate, make rulings on procedure, announce the results of votes, and the like. The speaker decides who may speak and has the powers to discipline members who break the procedures of the chamber or house. The speaker often also represents the body in person, as the voice of the body in ceremonial and some other situations. By convention, speakers are normally addressed in Parliament as 'Mister Speaker', if a man, or 'Madam Speaker', if a woman. In other cultures other styles are used, mainly being equivalents of English "chairman" or "
president President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...
". Many bodies also have a speaker ''
pro tempore ''Pro tempore'' (), abbreviated ''pro tem'' or ''p.t.'', is a Latin phrase __NOTOC__ This is a list of Wikipedia articles of Latin phrases and their translation into English. To view all phrases on a single, lengthy document, see: * List of La ...
'' (or deputy speaker), designated to fill in when the speaker is not available. The speaker is commonly supported by a Speaker's Office.


Australia

The
Speaker of the House of RepresentativesSpeaker of the House of Representatives may refer to: National governments * Speaker of the House of Representatives of Antigua and Barbuda * Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives * Speaker of the House of Representatives of Belize *Sp ...
is the presiding officer of the
Australian House of Representatives The House of Representatives is the lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chambers, Arizona, an unincorporated commun ...

Australian House of Representatives
, the lower house of the
Parliament of Australia The Parliament of Australia (officially the Federal Parliament, also called the Commonwealth Parliament) is the legislative branch A legislature is a deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind ...

Parliament of Australia
. The
President of the Senate President of the Senate is a title often given to the presiding officer of a senate The Curia Julia in the Roman Forum ">Roman_Forum.html" ;"title="Curia Julia in the Roman Forum">Curia Julia in the Roman Forum A senate is a deliberative a ...
is the presiding officer of the
Australian Senate The Senate is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Australia, the lower house being the House of Representatives (Australia), House of Representatives. The compositioned and powers of the Senate are established in Chapter I of the Con ...
, the upper house of the Parliament.


Canada

In
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, ...

Canada
, the Speaker of the House of Commons (''président de la Chambre des communes'') is the individual elected to preside over the House of Commons, the elected
lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chambers, Arizona, an unincorporated community in Apache County *Chambers, Nebraska *Chambers, We ...
. The speaker is a
Member of Parliament A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the people who live in their constituency An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) ...
(MP) and is elected at the beginning of each new parliament by fellow MPs. The Speaker's role in presiding over Canada's House of Commons is similar to that of speakers elsewhere in other countries that use the
Westminster system The Westminster system or Westminster model is a type of parliamentary A parliamentary system or parliamentary democracy is a system of democratic Democrat, Democrats, or Democratic may refer to: *A proponent of democracy Democracy ...
. The Speaker does not vote except in the case of a tie. By convention, if required to vote, the Speaker will vote in favour of continuing debate on a matter, but will not ultimately vote for a measure to be approved. The
Speaker of the Senate of Canada The Speaker of the Senate of Canada (french: Président du Sénat du Canada) is the presiding officer of the Senate of Canada. The Speaker represents the Senate at official functions, rules on questions of parliamentary procedure Parliamentary ...
(''président du Sénat'') is the presiding officer of the
Senate of Canada The Senate of Canada (french: region=CA, Sénat du Canada) is the upper house of the Parliament of Canada The Parliament of Canada (french: Parlement du Canada) is the Canadian federalism, federal legislature of Canada, seated at Parliame ...

Senate of Canada
, the appointed upper house. The Speaker represents the Senate at official functions, rules on questions of parliamentary procedure and parliamentary privilege, and presides over debates and voting in the "Red Chamber". The Speaker of the Senate is appointed by the
Governor General of Canada The governor general of Canada (french: gouverneure générale du Canada) is the federal viceregal A viceroy () is an official who runs a polity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective ...
from amongst sitting senators upon the advice of the Prime Minister. The Speaker has a vote on all matters. In the event of a tie, the matter fails. At the provincial level, the presiding officer of the provincial legislatures is called the "Speaker" (''président'') in all provinces except
Quebec ) , image_shield=Armoiries du Québec.svg , image_flag=Flag of Quebec.svg , coordinates= , AdmittanceDate=July 1, 1867 , AdmittanceOrder=1st, with New Brunswick ("Hope restored") , image_map = New Brunswick in Canada 2.svg , ...

Quebec
, where the term "President" is used. The presiding officer fulfills the same role as the Speaker of the House of Commons.


Chile

The President of the Chamber of Deputies is the highest authority of the
Chamber of Deputies of Chile The Chamber of Deputies ( es, Cámara de Diputadas y Diputados, links=no) is the lower house of Chile's Bicameralism, bicameral National Congress of Chile, Congress. Its organisation and its powers and duties are defined in articles 42 to 59 o ...
. The
President of the Senate President of the Senate is a title often given to the presiding officer of a senate The Curia Julia in the Roman Forum ">Roman_Forum.html" ;"title="Curia Julia in the Roman Forum">Curia Julia in the Roman Forum A senate is a deliberative a ...
is the highest authority of the
Senate of Chile The Senate of the Republic of Chile is the upper house of Chile Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a country in the western part of South America South America is a entirely in the and mostly in the , with a relativ ...


China


People's Republic of China

In the
People's Republic of China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

People's Republic of China
, the
Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress The chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress is the presiding officerIn a general sense, presiding officer is synonymous with chairperson. Politics *Presiding Officer of the National Assembly for Wales, the Speake ...
is the presiding officer of the
Standing Committee of the National People's Congress The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China (NPCSC) is the permanent body of the National People's Congress The National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China (), often ...
which is considered China's top legislative body. As stipulated in Article 84 of the
Constitution of China The Constitution of the People's Republic of China is nominally the constitution, supreme law of the People's Republic of China. It was adopted by the 5th National People's Congress on December 4, 1982, with Constitution of the People's Repub ...
, should both the
President President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...
and
Vice-President A vice president (in British English: vice-president for governments and director for businesses) is an officer in government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a State (polity), ...
become incapacitated, and the National People's Congress is unable to elect a timely replacement, the Chairman of the NPC Standing Committee will act as President.


Hong Kong

The
President of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong The president of the Legislative Council is the speaker Speaker may refer to: Roles * Speaker (politics), the presiding officer in a legislative assembly * Public speaker, one who gives a speech or lecture * A person producing speech, sometim ...
is the speaker of the
Legislative Council A legislative council is the legislature, or one of the legislative chambers, of a nation A nation is a community of people formed on the basis of a common language, history, ethnicity, or a common culture, and, in many cases, a shared terri ...
and is elected by and from its members.


Taiwan

The
Legislative Yuan The Legislative Yuan is the unicameral In government, unicameralism (Latin , "one" and , "chamber") is the practice of having a single legislative or legislative chamber, parliamentary chamber. Thus, a ''unicameral parliament'' or ''unicam ...
is the highest legislative body of
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and N ...

Taiwan
. The President of the Legislative Yuan presides over its meetings and is elected by the legislators from among themselves. Until 1993, the
President President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...
of the
Control Yuan The Control Yuan is an independent investigatory and auditory Government agency, agency of the government of the Republic of China on Taiwan. Designed as a hybrid of auditor and ombudsman by Law of Taiwan, Taiwanese law, the Control Yuan holds ...

Control Yuan
was elected by and from the members like the speaker of many other parliamentary bodies.


Italy

Parliamentarism in
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest ...

Italy
is centred on the Presidents of the two Houses, vested in defence of the members and of the assembly as a whole; so "the Speaker invites the representative of the Government not to deviate from the rules of parliamentary behaviour". Now constitutional community highlights changes also in this role.


Singapore

In
Singapore Singapore (), officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign state, sovereign island city-state in maritime Southeast Asia. It lies about one degree of latitude () north of the equator, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, bor ...

Singapore
, the
Speaker of the Parliament of Singapore The speaker of the Parliament of Singapore is the presiding officer of the Parliament of the Republic of Singapore. Election Parliament must elect a Speaker at the beginning of each new parliamentary term after a general election A genera ...
is the
head officer
head officer
of the country's legislature. By recent tradition, the
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
nominates a person, who may or may not be an elected
Member of Parliament A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the people who live in their constituency An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) ...
(MP), for the role. The person's name is then proposed and seconded by the MPs, before being elected as Speaker. The
Constitution A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human activity * The exercise of political ...
states that Parliament has the freedom to decide how to elect its Speaker. While the Speaker does not have to be an elected MP, they must possess the qualifications to stand for election as an MP as provided for in the Constitution. The Speaker also cannot be a Cabinet Minister or Parliamentary Secretary, and must resign from those positions prior to being elected as Speaker. The Speaker is one of the few public sector roles which allow its office-holder to automatically qualify as a candidate in the Singapore presidential elections.Constitution of the Republic of Singapore, Art. 19(3)(a).


United Kingdom

In the
Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kin ...
, the
Speaker Speaker may refer to: Roles * Speaker (politics), the presiding officer in a legislative assembly * Public speaker, one who gives a speech or lecture * A person producing speech, sometimes also called a speaker-hearer Electronics * Loudspeaker, a ...
is the individual elected to preside over the elected
House of Commons The House of Commons is the name for the elected lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chambers, Arizona, an unincorpor ...

House of Commons
. The speaker is a
Member of Parliament A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the people who live in their constituency An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) ...
(MP) and is elected at the beginning of each new parliament by fellow MPs. The
Lord Speaker The Lord Speaker is the presiding officerIn a general sense, presiding officer is synonymous with chairperson. Politics *Presiding Officer of the National Assembly for Wales, the Speaker of the National Assembly for Wales *Presiding Officer of t ...
is the presiding officer of the
House of Lords The House of Lords, formally The Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the of the . Membership is by , or . Like the , it meets in the . ar ...

House of Lords
. The commonly used "Speaker of the House of Lords" is not correct. The presiding officer of the House of Lords was until recently the
Lord Chancellor The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest-ranking among the Great Officers of State In the United Kingdom, the Great Officers of State are traditional ministers of The Crown who either inheri ...
, who was also a member of the government (a cabinet member) and the head of the judicial branch. The Lord Chancellor did not have the same authority to discipline members of the Lords that the speaker of the Commons has in that house. The Lord Speaker is elected by the
members of the House of Lords This is a list of members of the House of Lords The House of Lords, formally The Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the of the . Membershi ...
and is expected to be politically impartial.


Devolved legislatures

The
Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament The presiding officer of the Scottish Parliament ( gd, Oifigear-Riaghlaidh, sco, Preses o the Scots Pairlament) is the speaker of the Scottish Parliament The Scottish Parliament ( gd, Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots language, Scots: ''Scots Pa ...
is the President of the
Scottish Parliament The Scottish Parliament ( gd, Pàrlamaid na h-Alba ; Scots language, Scots: ''Scots Pairlament'') is the Devolution in the United Kingdom, devolved, Unicameralism, unicameral legislature of Scotland. Located in the Holyrood, Edinburgh, Holyro ...

Scottish Parliament
. The
Llywydd of the Senedd The Llywydd (), or the Presiding Officer in English, is the Speaker of the Senedd in Wales, elected by Members of the Senedd to chair their meetings (plenary sessions); to maintain order; and to protect the rights of Members. The Llywydd also ...
is the speaker of
Senedd Cymru The Senedd (; ), officially known as the Welsh Parliament in English language, English and () in Welsh language, Welsh, is the Devolution in the United Kingdom, devolved, unicameral legislature of Wales. A democratically elected body, it makes ...
, the Welsh parliament. The
Speaker of the Northern Ireland Assembly The Speaker of the Northern Ireland Assembly (originally having the title of Presiding Officer) is the presiding officer of the Northern Ireland Assembly, elected on a cross-community vote by the Members of the Northern Ireland Assembly. A Pri ...
presides over the
Northern Ireland Assembly The Northern Ireland Assembly ( ga, Tionól Thuaisceart Éireann; Ulster Scots: ''Norlin Airlan Assemblie'') often referred to by the metonym Metonymy () is a figure of speech A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is a word or phrase ...
.


United States


Federal

Both chambers of the
United States Congress The United States Congress is the legislature of the federal government of the United States. It is Bicameralism, bicameral, comprising a lower body, the United States House of Representatives, House of Representatives, and an upper body, t ...

United States Congress
have a presiding officer defined by the
United States Constitution The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organisation An organization, or orga ...

United States Constitution
. The
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives The speaker of the United States House of Representatives, commonly known as the speaker of the House, is the presiding officerIn a general sense, presiding officer is synonymous with chairperson. Politics *Presiding Officer of the National A ...
presides over the lower house of
Congress Congresses are formal meetings of the representatives of different countries A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, ...

Congress
, the
House of Representatives House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies A legislature is a deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure is ...
, and is elected to that position by the entire House membership. Unlike in Commonwealth realms, the position is partisan, and the Speaker often plays an important part in running the House and advancing a political platform;
Joseph Gurney Cannon Joseph Gurney Cannon (May 7, 1836 – November 12, 1926) was a United States politician from Illinois Illinois ( ) is a U.S. state, state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern region of the United States. It has the List of U.S ...
, speaker from 1903 to 1911, is an extreme example. The
Vice President of the United States The vice president of the United States (VPOTUS) is the second-highest officer in the executive branch The executive (short for executive branch or executive power) is the part of government A government is the system or group ...
, as provided by the
United States Constitution The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organisation An organization, or orga ...

United States Constitution
formally presides over the upper house, the
Senate The Curia Julia in the Roman Forum ">Roman_Forum.html" ;"title="Curia Julia in the Roman Forum">Curia Julia in the Roman Forum A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or Debating chamber, chamber of a bicameral legislatu ...
. In practice, however, the Vice President does not regularly appear in Congress owing to responsibilities in the Executive branch and the fact that the Vice President may only vote to break a tie, something that rarely occurs due to the
filibuster A filibuster is a political procedure where one or more members of a Congress or Parliament debate over a proposed piece of legislation so as to delay a decision being made on the proposal or entirely prevent such a decision from occurring. It is ...
preventing tie votes from occurring in practice. In the Vice President's absence, the presiding role is delegated to the most
Senior Senior (shortened as Sr.) means "the elder" in Latin and is often used as a suffix As, AS, A/S or similar may refer to: Art, entertainment, and media * As (song), "As" (song), a song by Stevie Wonder * , a Spanish sports newspaper * , academic m ...
member of the majority party, who is the
President pro tempore of the United States Senate The president pro tempore of the United States Senate (often shortened to president pro tem) is the second-highest-ranking official of the United States Senate The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress ...
. Since the Senate's rules give little power to its non-member presider (who may be of the opposite party), the task of presiding over daily business is typically rotated among junior members of the majority party.


States

In the forty-nine
states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in Columbia, South Carolina, Un ...
that have a
bicameral Bicameralism is the practice of having a legislature A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) ...
legislature, the highest leadership position in the
lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chambers, Arizona, an unincorporated community in Apache County *Chambers, Nebraska *Chambers, We ...
is usually called the "Speaker" and the upper house is usually the "President of the (State) Senate. In Nebraska—the only state with a
unicameral In government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by ...
legislature—the senators elect one senator to serve as "
Speaker of the Nebraska Legislature
Speaker of the Nebraska Legislature
". In Tennessee, the senators elect a "Speaker of the Senate" who presides over the
Tennessee Senate The Tennessee Senate is the upper house of the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, p ...
and serves as lieutenant governor.


Similar posts

The presiding officer for an upper house of a bicameral legislature usually has a different title, although substantially the same duties. When the upper house is called a
senate The Curia Julia in the Roman Forum ">Roman_Forum.html" ;"title="Curia Julia in the Roman Forum">Curia Julia in the Roman Forum A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or Debating chamber, chamber of a bicameral legislatu ...

senate
, the equivalent title is often
President of the Senate President of the Senate is a title often given to the presiding officer of a senate The Curia Julia in the Roman Forum ">Roman_Forum.html" ;"title="Curia Julia in the Roman Forum">Curia Julia in the Roman Forum A senate is a deliberative a ...
.
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
,
Chile Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a country in the western part of South America South America is a entirely in the and mostly in the , with a relatively small portion in the . It can also be described as the southern ...

Chile
, the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
and many other countries have upper houses with presiding officers titled "president". In several American republics, the vice president of the country serves as the president of the upper house. This pattern is not universal, however. Some upper houses, including those of
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, ...
, have a speaker. The
Presiding Officer of the National Assembly for Wales The Llywydd (), or the Presiding Officer in English, is the Speaker Speaker may refer to: Roles * Speaker (politics), the presiding officer in a legislative assembly * Public speaker, one who gives a speech or lecture * A person producing speech, ...
,
Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament The presiding officer of the Scottish Parliament ( gd, Oifigear-Riaghlaidh, sco, Preses o the Scots Pairlament) is the speaker of the Scottish Parliament The Scottish Parliament ( gd, Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots language, Scots: ''Scots Pa ...
, and
Presiding Officer of the Northern Ireland Assembly The Speaker of the Northern Ireland Assembly (originally having the title of Presiding Officer) is the Speaker (politics), presiding officer of the Northern Ireland Assembly, elected on a cross-community vote by the Member of the Legislative Asse ...
fulfill the same role as the speaker.


List of current speakers

''See
List of current presidents of legislaturesThis is a list of current presiding officers of the legislative assembly, legislative assemblies of List of sovereign states, sovereign and unrecognized states, autonomous regions, dependencies and other territories, sui generis entities, and interna ...
''


See also

:; Generic * Speaker of the senate (disambiguation) * Speaker of the House of Assembly (disambiguation) * Speaker of the House of Commons * Speaker of the House of Representatives (disambiguation) * Speaker of the Legislative Assembly * Speaker of the National Assembly (disambiguation) *
List of current presidents of assemblyThis is a list of current presiding officers of the legislative assemblies of sovereign Sovereign is a title which can be applied to the highest leader in various categories. The word is borrowed from Old French ''souverain'', which is ultimately d ...
; Specific *
Speaker of the Senate of Canada The Speaker of the Senate of Canada (french: Président du Sénat du Canada) is the presiding officer of the Senate of Canada. The Speaker represents the Senate at official functions, rules on questions of parliamentary procedure Parliamentary ...
*
List of Speakers of the House of Commons of England#REDIRECT List of speakers of the House of Commons of England {{Redirect category shell, {{R from move ...
* Speaker of the Indonesian People's Representative Council *
Cathaoirleach Cathaoirleach (; Irish language, Irish for Chairman, chairperson; plural: ) is the title of the chair (or speaker (politics), presiding officer) of Seanad Éireann, the sixty-member upper house of the Oireachtas, the legislature of Republic of I ...
(Speaker of the
Irish Irish most commonly refers to: * Someone or something of, from, or related to: ** Ireland, an island situated off the north-western coast of continental Europe ** Northern Ireland, a constituent unit of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and North ...

Irish
Senate The Curia Julia in the Roman Forum ">Roman_Forum.html" ;"title="Curia Julia in the Roman Forum">Curia Julia in the Roman Forum A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or Debating chamber, chamber of a bicameral legislatu ...

Senate
) *
Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario The Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario (french: Président de l'Assemblée législative de l'Ontario) is the presiding officer of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario The Legislative Assembly of Ontario (french: Assemblée législative ...
*
Speaker of the Palestinian Legislative Council The Speaker of the Palestinian Legislative Council is the chairman of the Palestinian Legislative Council The Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) is the unicameral In government A government is the system or group of people gov ...
*
Marshal of the Senate of the Republic of Poland The Marshal of the Senate of the Republic of Poland ( pl, Marszałek Senatu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) is a presiding officer of the Senate of Poland. He or she is also third person according to the Polish order of precedence, after President of th ...
*
Lawspeaker A lawspeaker or lawman ( Swedish: ''lagman'', Old Swedish: ''laghmaþer'' or ''laghman'', Danish: ''lovsigemand'', Norwegian Norwegian, Norwayan, or Norsk may refer to: *Something of, from, or related to Norway, a country in northwestern Europe ...
*
Speaker of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey This article lists the Speakers of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. The name of the parliament of the Turkey, Republic of Turkey, originally and currently the Grand National Assembly of Turkey ( tr, Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi) since its ...
*
Lord Speaker The Lord Speaker is the presiding officerIn a general sense, presiding officer is synonymous with chairperson. Politics *Presiding Officer of the National Assembly for Wales, the Speaker of the National Assembly for Wales *Presiding Officer of t ...
(Speaker of the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ...

United Kingdom
House of Lords The House of Lords, formally The Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the of the . Membership is by , or . Like the , it meets in the . ar ...

House of Lords
) *
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives The speaker of the United States House of Representatives, commonly known as the speaker of the House, is the presiding officerIn a general sense, presiding officer is synonymous with chairperson. Politics *Presiding Officer of the National A ...


Notes


References


Further reading

* Bergougnous, Georges
Presiding Officers of National Parliamentary Assemblies: A World Comparative Study
Trans. Jennifer Lorenzi. Geneva:
Inter-Parliamentary Union The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU; french: Union Interparlementaire, UIP) is an international organization of national parliaments. Its primary purpose is to promote democratic governance, accountability Accountability, in terms of ethics and go ...
, 1997. . * Green, Matthew N. ''The Speaker of the House: A Study of Leadership'' (Yale University Press; 2010) 292 pages; US House {{DEFAULTSORT:Speaker (Politics) Parliamentary titles Legislatures Government occupations Positions of authority Legal professions