HOME

TheInfoList




The Serbian Cyrillic alphabet ( sr, / , ) is an adaptation of the
Cyrillic script The Cyrillic script ( ) is a writing system used for various languages across Eurasia and is used as the national script in various Slavic languages, Slavic, Turkic languages, Turkic, Mongolic languages, Mongolic, Uralic languages, Uralic, Caucas ...
for the
Serbian language Serbian (, ) is the standardized Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standard A technical standard is an established norm or requirement for a repeatable technical task. It is usually ...
, developed in 1818 by Serbian linguist Vuk Karadžić. It is one of the two alphabets used to write standard modern
Serbian Serbian may refer to: * someone or something related to Serbia, a country in Southeastern Europe * someone or something related to the Serbs, a South Slavic people * Serbian language * Serbian names See also

* * * Serbian Uprising (disamb ...
,
Bosnian Bosnian may refer to: *Anything related to the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina or its inhabitants *Anything related to Bosnia (region) or its inhabitants * Bosniaks, an ethnic group mainly inhabiting Bosnia and Herzegovina and one of three Ethnic gr ...
and Montenegrin varieties of
Serbo-Croatian Serbo-Croatian () – also called Serbo-Croat (), Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), and Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS) – is a South Slavic language The South Slavic languages are one of three branche ...
, the other being
Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became ...
. Karadžić based his alphabet on the previous "
Slavonic-Serbian Slavonic-Serbian (славяносербскій, ''slavyanoserbskiy''), Slavo-Serbian, or Slaveno-Serbian (славено-сербскiй, ''slaveno-serbski''; sr, славеносрпски''/slavenosrpski'') was a literary language used by t ...
" script, following the principle of "''write as you speak and read as it is written''", removing obsolete letters and letters representing
iotified vowel In Slavic languages The Slavic languages, also known as the Slavonic languages, are Indo-European languages spoken primarily by the Slavs, Slavic peoples or their descendants. They are thought to descend from a proto-language called Proto-S ...
s, introducing from the Latin alphabet instead, and adding several consonant letters for sounds specific to Serbian phonology. During the same period, Croatian linguists led by
Ljudevit Gaj Ljudevit Gaj (; born Ludwig Gay; 8 August 1809 – 20 April 1872) was a Croatian Linguistics, linguist, politician, journalist and writer. He was one of the central figures of the pan-Slavist Illyrian Movement. Biography Origin He was born in K ...

Ljudevit Gaj
adapted the Latin alphabet, in use in western South Slavic areas, using the same principles. As a result of this joint effort, Cyrillic and Latin alphabets for Serbo-Croatian have a complete one-to-one congruence, with the Latin
digraphs Digraph may refer to: * Digraph (orthography) A digraph or digram (from the el, δίς ', "double" and ', "to write") is a pair of characters used in the orthography An orthography is a set of conventions for writing Writing is a m ...
Lj, Nj, and Dž counting as single letters. Vuk's Cyrillic alphabet was officially adopted in Serbia in 1868, and was in exclusive use in the country up to the inter-war period. Both alphabets were co-official in the
Kingdom of Yugoslavia The Kingdom of Yugoslavia ( sh, Kraljevina Jugoslavija / Краљевина Југославија; sl, Kraljevina Jugoslavija) was a state in Southeast Europe, Southeast and Central Europe that existed from 1918 until 1941. From 1918 to 1929 ...
and later in the
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, commonly referred to as SFR Yugoslavia or simply Yugoslavia, was a Socialist state, socialist country in Southeast Europe, Southeast and Central Europe that existed from its foundation in the afte ...
. Due to the shared cultural area, Gaj's Latin alphabet saw a gradual adoption in Serbia since, and both scripts are used to write modern standard Serbian, Montenegrin and Bosnian; Croatian only uses the Latin alphabet. In Serbia, Cyrillic is seen as being more traditional, and has the official status (designated in the Constitution as the "
official script An official script is a writing system A writing system is a method of visually representing verbal communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A l ...
", compared to Latin's status of "script in official use" designated by a lower-level act, for national minorities). It is also an official script in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro, along with Latin. The Serbian Cyrillic alphabet was used as a basis for the
Macedonian alphabet The orthography of Macedonian language, Macedonian includes an alphabet consisting of 31 letters. ( mk, Македонска азбука, '), which is an adaptation of the Cyrillic script, as well as language-specific conventions of spelling and ...
with the work of
Krste Misirkov Krste Petkov Misirkov ( bg, Кръстьо Петков Мисирков; mk, Крсте Петков Мисирков; 18 November 1874 – 26 July 1926) was a philologist, journalist, historian and ethnographer. In the period between 1903 an ...
and
Venko Markovski Venko Markovski ( Bulgarian and Macedonian: Венко Марковски), born Veniamin Milanov Toshev (March 5, 1915 in Skopje Skopje ( , , ; mk, Скопје ; sq, Shkup) is the capital and List of cities in North Macedonia by popul ...
.


Official use

Cyrillic is in official use in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Although Bosnian "officially accept both alphabets", the Latin script is almost always used in the
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the two entities Entity may refer to: Computing * Character entity reference, replacement text for a character in HTML or XML * Entity class, a thing of interest within an entity–relations ...
, whereas Cyrillic is in everyday use in
Republika Srpska Republika Srpska ( sr-cyr, Република Српска, ) is one of the two entities Entity may refer to: Computing * Character entity reference, replacement text for a character in HTML or XML * Entity class, a thing of interest within ...

Republika Srpska
. The
Serbian language in Croatia The Serbian language is one of the officially recognized minority languages in Croatia. It is primarily used by the Serbs of Croatia. The Croatian Constitution, Croatian Constitutional law on national minorities rights, Law on Education in language ...
is officially recognized as a minority language; however, the use of Cyrillic in bilingual signs has sparked protests and vandalism. Cyrillic is an important symbol of Serbian identity. In Serbia, official documents are printed in Cyrillic only even though, according to a 2014 survey, 47% of the Serbian population write in the
Latin alphabet The Latin alphabet or Roman alphabet is the collection of letters originally used by the ancient Romans In historiography Historiography is the study of the methods of historian ( 484– 425 BC) was a Greek historian who lived ...
whereas 36% write in Cyrillic.


Modern alphabet

The following table provides the upper and lower case forms of the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet, along with the equivalent forms in the Serbian Latin alphabet and the
International Phonetic Alphabet The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabet An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest s ...
(IPA) value for each letter:


Early history


Early Cyrillic

According to tradition, Glagolitic was invented by the Byzantine Christian missionaries and brothers
Cyril and Methodius Cyril (born Constantine, 826–869) and Methodius (815–885) were two brothers and Byzantine Christian theologian Christian theology is the theology Theology is the systematic study of the nature of the Divinity, divine and, more broad ...

Cyril and Methodius
in the 860s, amid the
Christianization of the Slavs The Slavs were Christianized in waves from the 7th to 12th century, though the process of replacing old Slavic religious practices began as early as the 6th century. Generally speaking, the monarchs of the South Slavs adopted Christianity in ...
. Glagolitic appears to be older, predating the introduction of Christianity, only formalized by Cyril and expanded to cover non-Greek sounds. Cyrillic was created by the orders of Boris I of Bulgaria by Cyril's disciples, perhaps at the
Preslav Literary School The Preslav Literary School ( bg, Преславска книжовна школа), also known as the Pliska Literary School or Pliska-Preslav Literary school was the first literary school in the medieval Bulgarian Empire In the medieval hi ...
in the 890s.Cubberley, Paul (1996) "The Slavic Alphabets". in Daniels, Peter T., and William Bright, eds. (1996). ''The World's Writing Systems.'' Oxford University Press. . The earliest form of Cyrillic was the ''ustav'', based on Greek uncial script, augmented by ligatures and letters from the
Glagolitic alphabet The Glagolitic script (, , ''glagolitsa'') is the oldest known Slavic alphabet. It is generally agreed to have been created in the 9th century by Saints Cyril and Methodius, Saint Cyril, a monk from Thessaloniki. He and his brother, Saint Metho ...

Glagolitic alphabet
for consonants not found in Greek. There was no distinction between capital and lowercase letters. The standard language was based on the Slavic dialect of
Thessaloniki Thessaloniki (; el, Θεσσαλονίκη, ), also known as Thessalonica (), Saloniki or Salonica () is the second-largest city in Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, Elláda, ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in So ...

Thessaloniki
.


Medieval Serbian Cyrillic

Part of the Serbian literary heritage of the Middle Ages are works such as
Miroslav Gospel Miroslav Gospel ( sr, Мирослављево Јеванђеље / ''Miroslavljevo Jevanđelje'', ) is a 362-page Serbian illuminated manuscript An illuminated manuscript is a manuscript in which the text is supplemented with such decoration ...
, Vukan Gospels,
St. Sava's Nomocanon The Nomocanon of Saint Sava ( sr-cyr, Номоканон светог Саве), known in Serbian as ''Zakonopravilo'' (Законоправило) or ''Krmčija'' (), was the highest code in the Serbian Orthodox Church, finished in 1219. This lega ...
, Dušan's Code,
Munich Serbian Psalter The Munich Serbian Psalter ( sr, Минхенски српски псалтир, Minhenski srpski psaltir, german: Serbischer Psalter) is a 14th-century illuminated Illuminated may refer to: * "Illuminated" (song), by Hurts * Illuminated Film ...
, and others. The first printed book in Serbian was the ''
Cetinje Octoechos The ''Cetinje Octoechos'' ( sr, Цетињски октоих or ''Cetinjski oktoih'') is an Eastern Orthodox Church, Orthodox liturgical book printed in 1494 in Cetinje, the capital of the Principality of Zeta (present-day Montenegro). It is the ...
'' (1494).


Karadžić's reform

Vuk Stefanović Karadžić fled
Serbia Serbia (, ; Serbian Serbian may refer to: * someone or something related to Serbia, a country in Southeastern Europe * someone or something related to the Serbs, a South Slavic people * in both meanings, depending on the context, it may ref ...

Serbia
during the
Serbian Revolution The Serbian Revolution ( sr, Српска револуција / ''Srpska revolucija'') was a nation A nation is a community A community is a social unit (a group of living things) with commonality such as Norm (social), norms, religion, ...
in 1813, to Vienna. There he met
Jernej Kopitar Jernej Kopitar, also known as Bartholomeus Kopitar (21 August 1780 – 11 August 1844), was a Slovene linguist Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication Communication ...
, a linguist with interest in slavistics. Kopitar and
Sava Mrkalj Sava Mrkalj ( sr-cyr, Сава Мркаљ; ; 1783 – 1833) was a Serbs, Serb linguistics, linguist, Linguist, grammarian, philologist, and poet known for his attempt to reform the Serbian language before Vuk Karadžić. Biography Mrkalj was bor ...
helped Vuk to reform Serbian and its orthography. He finalized the alphabet in 1818 with the ''Serbian Dictionary''. Karadžić reformed standard Serbian and standardised the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet by following strict
phonemic In phonology Phonology is a branch of linguistics that studies how languages or dialects systematically organize their sounds (or constituent parts of signs, in sign languages). The term also refers to the sound or sign system of any partic ...
principles on the
Johann Christoph Adelung Johann Christoph Adelung (8 August 173210 September 1806) was a German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of German ...

Johann Christoph Adelung
' model and
Jan Hus Jan Hus (; ; – 6 July 1415), sometimes anglicized Linguistic anglicisation (or anglicization, occasionally anglification, anglifying, or Englishing) is the practice of modifying foreign words, names, and phrases to make them easier to spel ...

Jan Hus
'
Czech alphabetCzech orthography is a system of rules for correct writing (orthography An orthography is a set of conventions for writing Writing is a medium of human communication that involves the representation of a language with written symbols. Writi ...
. Karadžić's reforms of standard Serbian modernised it and distanced it from Serbian and Russian
Church Slavonic Church Slavonic (црькъвьнословѣньскъ ѩзыкъ, ''crĭkŭvĭnoslověnĭskŭ językŭ'', literally "Church-Slavonic language"), also known as Church Slavic, New Church Slavonic or New Church Slavic, is the conservative ...
, instead bringing it closer to common folk speech, specifically, to the dialect of Eastern
Herzegovina Herzegovina ( or ; Serbo-Croatian language, Serbo-Croatian: / , ) is the southern and smaller of two main geographical regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being Bosnia (region), Bosnia. It has never had strictly defined geographical or cu ...
which he spoke. Karadžić was, together with
Đuro Daničić Đuro Daničić ( sr-Cyrl, Ђуро Даничић, ; 4 April 1825 – 17 November 1882), born Đorđe Popović ( sr-cyr, Ђорђе Поповић) and also known as Đura Daničić ( sr-Cyrl, Ђура Даничић), was a Serbia Serbia (, ...

Đuro Daničić
, the main Serbian signatory to the Vienna Literary Agreement of 1850 which, encouraged by
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine States o ...

Austria
n authorities, laid the foundation for Serbian, various forms of which are used by Serbs in
Serbia Serbia (, ; Serbian Serbian may refer to: * someone or something related to Serbia, a country in Southeastern Europe * someone or something related to the Serbs, a South Slavic people * in both meanings, depending on the context, it may ref ...

Serbia
,
Montenegro Montenegro (; cnr, Crna Gora, , , ; sq, Mali i zi) is a country in Southeastern Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geography Geography (fro ...

Montenegro
,
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina,, abbreviated BiH or B&H, sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in South South is one of the cardinal directions or compass points. South is the opposite of north a ...

Bosnia and Herzegovina
and
Croatia , image_flag = Flag of Croatia.svg , image_coat = Coat of arms of Croatia.svg , anthem = "Lijepa naša domovino ''Lijepa naša domovino'' (; ) is the national anthem A national anthem is a song that ...

Croatia
today. Karadžić also translated the
New Testament The New Testament grc, Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, Transliteration, transl. ; la, Novum Testamentum. (NT) is the second division of the Christian biblical canon. It discusses the teachings and person of Jesus in Christianity, Jesus, as ...

New Testament
into Serbian, which was published in 1868. He wrote several books; ''Mala prostonarodna slaveno-serbska pesnarica'' and ''Pismenica serbskoga jezika'' in 1814, and two more in 1815 and 1818, all with the alphabet still in progress. In his letters from 1815-1818 he used: Ю, Я, Ы and Ѳ. In his 1815 song book he dropped the Ѣ. The alphabet was officially adopted in 1868, four years after his death. From the Old Slavic script Vuk retained these 24 letters: He added one Latin letter: And 5 new ones: He removed:


Modern history


Austria-Hungary

Orders issued on the 3 and 13 October 1914 banned the use of Serbian Cyrillic in the
Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia The Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia ( hr, Kraljevina Hrvatska i Slavonija; hu, Horvát-Szlavón Királyság; de-AT, Königreich Kroatien und Slawonien) was a nominally autonomous kingdom and constitutionally defined separate political nation wit ...

Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
, limiting it for use in religious instruction. A decree was passed on January 3, 1915, that banned Serbian Cyrillic completely from public use. An imperial order in October 25, 1915, banned the use of Serbian Cyrillic in the
Condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina A condominium (or condo for short) is a building structure A building, or edifice, is a structure A structure is an arrangement and organization of interrelated elements in a material object or system A system is a group of Interaction, ...
, except "within the scope of Serb Orthodox Church authorities".Andrej Mitrović, ''Serbia's great war, 1914-1918'
p.78
79. Purdue University Press, 2007. ,


World War II

In 1941, the Nazi puppet
Independent State of Croatia The Independent State of Croatia ( sh, Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, NDH; german: Unabhängiger Staat Kroatien; it, Stato indipendente di Croazia) was a World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII ...

Independent State of Croatia
banned the use of Cyrillic, having regulated it on 25 April 1941, and in June 1941 began eliminating "
Eastern Eastern may refer to: Transportation *China Eastern Airlines, a current Chinese airline based in Shanghai *Eastern Air, former name of Zambia Skyways *Eastern Air Lines, a defunct American airline that operated from 1926 to 1991 *Eastern Air Lin ...

Eastern
" (Serbian) words from Croatian, and shut down Serbian schools.


Yugoslavia

The Serbian Cyrillic script was one of the two official scripts used to write
Serbo-Croatian Serbo-Croatian () – also called Serbo-Croat (), Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), and Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS) – is a South Slavic language The South Slavic languages are one of three branche ...
in
Yugoslavia Yugoslavia (; sh, Jugoslavija / ; sl, Jugoslavija ; mk, Југославија ;; rup, Iugoslavia; hu, Jugoszlávia; Pannonian Rusyn Image:Novi Sad mayor office.jpg, 250px, Mayor office written in four official languages used in the ...

Yugoslavia
since its establishment in 1918, the other being
Latin script Latin script, also known as Roman script, is an alphabetic An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequ ...
(''latinica''). Following the
breakup of Yugoslavia A relationship breakup, or simply just breakup, is the termination of an intimate relationship An intimate relationship is an interpersonal relationship The concept of interpersonal relationship involves social associations, connect ...

breakup of Yugoslavia
in the 1990s, Serbian Cyrillic is no longer used in Croatia on national level, while in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro it remained an official script.


Contemporary period

Under the
Constitution of Serbia The current Constitution of the Republic of Serbia ( sr, / ), also known as Mitrovdan Constitution ( sr, / ) was adopted in 2006, replacing the previous constitution A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles or establishe ...

Constitution of Serbia
of 2006, Cyrillic script is the only one in official use.


Special letters

The ligatures and , together with , and were developed specially for the Serbian alphabet. * Karadžić based the letters and on a design by
Sava Mrkalj Sava Mrkalj ( sr-cyr, Сава Мркаљ; ; 1783 – 1833) was a Serbs, Serb linguistics, linguist, Linguist, grammarian, philologist, and poet known for his attempt to reform the Serbian language before Vuk Karadžić. Biography Mrkalj was bor ...
, combining the letters (L) and (N) with the
soft sign The soft sign (Ь, ь, italics ''Ь'', ''ь'') also known as the front yer, front jer, or er malak (lit. "small er") is a letter of the Cyrillic script The Cyrillic script ( ) is a writing system used for various languages across Eurasia an ...
(Ь). * Karadžić based on letter "Gea" in the
Romanian Cyrillic alphabet The Romanian Cyrillic alphabet is the Cyrillic alphabet , bg, кирилица , mk, кирилица , russian: кириллица , sr, ћирилица, uk, кирилиця , fam1 = Egyptian hieroglyphs Egyptian hieroglyphs ( ...
. * was adopted by Karadžić to represent the
voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate The voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant affricate is a type of consonant In articulatory phonetics The field of articulatory phonetics is a subfield of phonetics that studies articulation and ways that humans produce speech. Articulatory phone ...
(
IPA IPA commonly refers to: * India pale ale, a style of beer * International Phonetic Alphabet The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin script Latin script, also ...
: ). The letter was based on, but different in appearance to, the letter Djerv, which is the 12th letter of the
Glagolitic alphabet The Glagolitic script (, , ''glagolitsa'') is the oldest known Slavic alphabet. It is generally agreed to have been created in the 9th century by Saints Cyril and Methodius, Saint Cyril, a monk from Thessaloniki. He and his brother, Saint Metho ...

Glagolitic alphabet
; that letter had been used in written Serbian since the 12th century, to represent , and . *Karadžić adopted a design by Lukijan Mušicki for the letter . It was based on the letter , as adapted by Karadžić. * was adopted from the
Latin alphabet The Latin alphabet or Roman alphabet is the collection of letters originally used by the ancient Romans In historiography Historiography is the study of the methods of historian ( 484– 425 BC) was a Greek historian who lived ...

Latin alphabet
. , and were later adopted for use in the
Macedonian alphabet The orthography of Macedonian language, Macedonian includes an alphabet consisting of 31 letters. ( mk, Македонска азбука, '), which is an adaptation of the Cyrillic script, as well as language-specific conventions of spelling and ...
.


Differences from other Cyrillic alphabets

Serbian Cyrillic does not use several letters encountered in other Slavic Cyrillic alphabets. It does not use hard sign () and soft sign (), but the aforementioned soft-sign ligatures instead. It does not have Russian/Belarusian , the semi-vowels or , nor the iotated letters (Russian/Bulgarian ), (Ukrainian ), (), (Russian ) or (), which are instead written as two separate letters: . can also be used as a semi-vowel, in place of . The letter is not used. When necessary, it is transliterated as either or . Serbian and Macedonian italic and
cursive Cursive (also known as script, among other names) is any style of penmanship Penmanship is the technique of writing Writing is a medium of human communication that involves the representation of a language with written symbols. Writi ...

cursive
forms of lowercase letters , and differ from those used in other Cyrillic alphabets. The regular (upright) shapes are generally standardized among languages and there are no officially recognized variations. That presents a challenge in
Unicode Unicode, formally the Unicode Standard, is an information technology Technical standard, standard for the consistent character encoding, encoding, representation, and handling of Character (computing), text expressed in most of the world's wri ...

Unicode
modeling, as the glyphs differ only in italic versions, and historically non-italic letters have been used in the same code positions. Serbian professional typography uses fonts specially crafted for the language to overcome the problem, but texts printed from common computers contain East Slavic rather than Serbian italic glyphs. Cyrillic fonts from Adobe, Microsoft (Windows Vista and later) and a few other font houses include the Serbian variations (both regular and italic). If the underlying font and Web technology provides support, the proper glyphs can be obtained by marking the text with appropriate language codes. Thus, in non-italic mode: * бгдпт, produces бгдпт, same (except for the shape of б) as * бгдпт, producing бгдпт whereas: * бгдпт gives бгдпт, and * бгдпт produces бгдпт. Since
Unicode Unicode, formally the Unicode Standard, is an information technology Technical standard, standard for the consistent character encoding, encoding, representation, and handling of Character (computing), text expressed in most of the world's wri ...

Unicode
unifies different glyphs in same characters, font support must be present to display the correct variant. Programs like
Mozilla Firefox Mozilla Firefox or simply Firefox is a free and open-source Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software that is both free software and open-source software where anyone is free software license, freely licensed to use, copy, study, ...

Mozilla Firefox
,
LibreOffice LibreOffice () is a free and open-source productivity software, office productivity software suite, a project of The Document Foundation (TDF). It was fork (software development), forked in 2010 from OpenOffice.org, an open-sourced version of ...

LibreOffice
(currently under
Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of open-source Open source is source code that is made freely available for possible modification and redistribution. Products include permission to use the source code, design documents, or content of the product ...

Linux
only), and some others provide required OpenType support. Of course, font families like GNU FreeFont, DejaVu,
Ubuntu Ubuntu ( ) is a Linux distribution A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software System software is software designed to provide a platform for other software. E ...
, Microsoft "C*" fonts from
Windows Vista Windows Vista is a major release of the Windows NT Windows NT is a Proprietary software, proprietary Graphical user interface, graphical operating system produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released on July 27, 1993. It i ...
and above must be used.


See also

*
Gaj's Latin alphabet Gaj's Latin alphabet ( sh, abeceda, latinica, gajica) is the form of the Latin script Latin script, also known as Roman script, is a set of graphic signs (Writing system#General properties, script) based on the letters of the classical Latin ...
*
Yugoslav braille Yugoslav Braille is a family of closely related braille Braille ( ; Braille: ⠃⠗⠇; ) is a tactile writing system used by people who are visually impaired. It is traditionally written with embossed paper. Braille users can read computer sc ...
* Yugoslav manual alphabet *
Montenegrin alphabet The Montenegrin alphabet is the collective name given to "''Abeceda''" ( Montenegrin Latin alphabet) and "''Азбука''" (Montenegrin Cyrillic alphabet The Montenegrin alphabet is the collective name given to "''Abeceda''" (#Latin alphabet, Monte ...
*
Romanization of Serbian The romanization of Serbo-Croatian or latinization of Serbo-Croatian is the representation of the Serbo-Croatian language using Latin letters. In Bosnia, Serbia and Montenegro (where a slightly modified Montenegrin alphabet is used) Serbo-Croati ...
* Serbian calligraphy


References


Citations


Sources

* * * * * Sir Duncan Wilson, ''The life and times of Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, 1787-1864: literacy, literature and national independence in Serbia'', p. 387. Clarendon Press, 1970
Google Books


External links



{{DEFAULTSORT:Serbian Cyrillic Alphabet Cyrillic alphabets
Alphabet An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semanti ...
Cyrillic alphabet , bg, кирилица , mk, кирилица , russian: кириллица , sr, ћирилица, uk, кирилиця , fam1 = Egyptian hieroglyphs Egyptian hieroglyphs () were the formal writing system A writing system is ...
1818 introductions Writing systems introduced in the 19th century