Pyrgi (Πύργοι in Ancient greek
) was an ancient Etruscan
port in Latium
, central Italy
, to the north-west of Caere
. Its location is now occupied by the borough of Santa Severa
Remains of its defensive walls exist in polygonal blocks of limestone and sandstone, neatly jointed. They enclosed a rectangular area some 200 m in width and at least 220 m in length. The south-west extremity has probably been destroyed by the sea. It contained a rich temple of Leucothea, the foundation of which was ascribed to the Pelasgi
. It was plundered by Dionysius
in 384 BC. Later it became dependent on Caere, though it is not probable that it was originally merely the harbour of Caere; Alsium
was c. to the south.
Detail of clay group with mythological scene from the Theban cycle
, from the area of temple A at Pyrgi, mid-fifth century BC.
established a colony here, which is first mentioned in 191 BC. Later still it supplied fish to Rome, and became a favorite summer resort, as did also Punicum (Santa Marinella
), to the north-west, where are many remains of villas. Both were stations on the coast road (Via Aurelia
In 1957 excavations found the remains of a large temple with a triple-cella
The Pyrgi Tablets
, containing texts in Phoenician and Etruscan languages, were found here in 1964.
[Schmitz, Philip C. 'The Phoenician Text from the Etruscan Sanctuary at Pyrgi' in Journal of the American Oriental Society , Vol. 115, No. 4 (Oct. - Dec., 1995), pp. 559-575.]
External linksArticle and panoramic views on the Museo Santa Severa siteArcheological sitesAntiquarium di Pyrgi
Category:Archaeological sites in Lazio
Category:National museums of Italy