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Provinces of Indonesia are the 34
administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic names for geographical areas into which a particular ...

administrative division
of
Indonesia Indonesia ( ), officially the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Republik Indonesia, links=yes ), is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is t ...

Indonesia
and the highest tier of the local government (formerly called first-level region provinces or ). Provinces are further divided into regencies and cities (formerly called second-level region regencies and cities or ), which are in turn subdivided into
districts A district is a type of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic na ...
(''kecamatan'').


Background

Each province has a
local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of government policy Public policy is a course of action created and/or enacted, typically by a government ...
, headed by a
governor A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the Executive (government), executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In federations, ''governor'' may be t ...

governor
and a
legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure i ...
. The governor and members of local representative bodies are elected by popular vote for five-year terms.


Current provinces

Indonesia has 34 provinces. Five provinces have special status: *
Aceh Aceh () is the westernmost province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision ...
, for the use of
sharia Sharia (; ar, شريعة, sharīʿa ) is a religious law Religious law includes ethical Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that "involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong action ...
as provincial criminal law *
Jakarta Jakarta (; ), officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta ( id, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta), is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the lette ...

Jakarta
as the capital city * Papua and West Papua, for granting implementation of sustainable development *
Special Region of Yogyakarta en, Beautify the Beauty of the World Slogan:Tourism Slogan: ''Jogja Istimewa'' (Special Jogja) The Special Region of Yogyakarta (; id, Daerah Istimewa (D.I.) Yogyakarta) is a provincial-level autonomous region An autonomous administrative ...

Special Region of Yogyakarta
, which has Sultan
Hamengkubuwono Hamengkubuwono (also spelt Hamengkubuwana and in Dutch transcription "Hamengkoeboewono") is the current ruling royal house of the Yogyakarta Sultanate The Sultanate of Yogyakarta ( jv, ꦏꦱꦸꦭ꧀ꦠꦤ꧀ꦤꦤ꧀​ꦔꦪꦺꦴꦒꦾ ...
as hereditary governor and Paku Alam as hereditary vice-governor The provinces are officially grouped into seven geographical units.
''Click on a province name to go to its main article.''


Table of provinces


Former provinces

Upon the independence of Indonesia, eight provinces were established:
West Java West Java ( id, Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 administrative division, administrative division of Indonesia and the highest tier of the local government (formerly called first-level region provinc ...
,
Central Java Central Java ( id, Jawa Tengah) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level ...
,
East Java East Java ( id, Jawa Timur) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level su ...

East Java
, and Maluku still exist as of today despite later divisions, while
Sumatra Sumatra is one of the Sunda Islands The Sunda Islands are a group of islands in the Malay Archipelago. They consist of the Greater Sunda Islands The Greater Sunda Islands are four tropical islands situated within Southeast Asia S ...

Sumatra
,
Kalimantan Kalimantan () is the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo. It comprises 73% of the island's area. The non-Indonesian parts of Borneo are Brunei and East Malaysia. In Indonesia, "Kalimantan" refers to the whole island of Borneo. In 2019, the ...

Kalimantan
,
Sulawesi Sulawesi (), also known as Celebes (), is one of the four Greater Sunda Islands The Greater Sunda Islands are four tropical islands situated within Southeast Asia, in the Pacific Ocean. The islands, Borneo, Java, Sulawesi and Sumatra, are i ...

Sulawesi
, and
Nusa Tenggara The Lesser Sunda Islands ( id, Kepulauan Nusa Tenggara "southeastern archipelago" or "lesser sunda archipelago") are an archipelago An archipelago ( ), sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collecti ...
were fully liquidated by dividing them into new provinces. The province of Central Sumatra existed from 1948 to 1957, while
East Timor East Timor () or Timor-Leste (; tet, Timór Lorosa'e), officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste ( pt, República Democrática de Timor-Leste, tet, Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste), is an island country An island country o ...
was
annexed upCivilians and coalition military forces wave Kuwaiti and Saudi Arabian flags as they celebrate the reversal of the annexation of Kuwait by Iraq (28 February 1991). Annexation (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging t ...
as a province from 1976 until its power transfer to UNTAET in 1999 prior to its independence as a country in 2002. In addition, there is also (''Papua Tengah''), a failed province intended to be centered in
Timika Timika is a chartered city (''kota''), and the capital of Mimika Regency on the southern coast of Papua, Indonesia Indonesia ( ), officially the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Republik Indonesia, links=yes ), is a country in Southeast Asia ...
forming from the Papua's territories, in 2001.


New provinces made from currently-existing provinces


Renamed provinces


See also

* Armorial of Indonesia * List of Indonesian floral emblems *
List of Indonesian provinces by GRP per capita This article presents a list of Indonesian provinces sorted by their gross regional productGross regional product (GRP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a region or subdivision of a country in a ...
*
List of Indonesian provinces by Human Development Index Methodology The figures come from the Indonesia Human Development Report, published by Statistics Indonesia and Human Development Index (by UN Method) of Indonesian provinces since 1990 (2021 revision). By UNDP reports Trends by UNDP rep ...
General: *
List of regencies and cities of Indonesia Regency (Indonesia), Regencies (''kabupaten'') and City status in Indonesia#Kota, cities (''kota'') are the second-level Administrative divisions of Indonesia, administrative subdivision in Indonesia, immediately below the Provinces of Indonesia, ...
*
Subdivisions of Indonesia Indonesia is divided into provinces of Indonesia, provinces ( id, Provinsi). Provinces are made up of regency (Indonesia), regencies (''kabupaten'') and City status in Indonesia#Kota, cities (''kota''). Provinces, regencies and cities have thei ...


Notes


References


External links


Daftar 34 Provinsi Di Indonesia
*
Map A map is a symbol A symbol is a mark, sign, or that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an , , or . Symbols allow people to go beyond what is n or seen by creating linkages between otherwise very different s and s. A ...
at Indonesian Wikipedia {{Authority control Provinces, Indonesia
Provinces A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are g ...
Provinces A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are g ...
Subdivisions of Indonesia